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Bread, v. t. Etym: [AS. brædan to make broad, to spread. See Broad, a.]
Defn: To spread. [Obs.] Ray.
Bread, n. Etym: [AS. breád; akin to OFries. brad, OS. br, D. brood, G. brod, brot, Icel. brau, Sw. & Dan. bröd. The root is probably that of E. brew. Brew.]
1. An article of food made from flour or meal by moistening, kneading, and baking.
Note: Raised bread is made with yeast, salt, and sometimes a little
butter or lard, and is mixed with warm milk or water to form the
dough, which, after kneading, is given time to rise before baking.
-- Cream of tartar bread is raised by the action of an alkaline carbonate or bicarbonate (as saleratus or ammonium bicarbonate) and cream of tartar (acid tartrate of potassium) or some acid.
-- Unleavened bread is usually mixed with water and salt only.
Aërated bread. See under Aërated. Bread and butter (fig.), means of living.
-- Brown bread, Indian bread, Graham bread, Rye and Indian bread. See Brown bread, under Brown.
-- Bread tree. See Breadfruit.
2. Food; sustenance; support of life, in general.
Give us this day our daily bread. Matt. vi. 11
Bread, v. t. (Cookery)
Defn: To cover with bread crumbs, preparatory to cooking; as, breaded cutlets.
---excerpt from the Illustrated Bible Dictionary
In the Old Testament:
Bread - Among the Jews was generally made of wheat (Exodus 29:2; Judges 6:19), though also sometimes of other grains (Genesis 14:18; Judges 7:13). Parched grain was sometimes used for food without any other preparation (Ruth 2:14). Bread was prepared by kneading in wooden bowls or "kneading troughs" (Genesis 18:6; Exodus 12:34; Jeremiah 7:18). The dough was mixed with leaven and made into thin cakes, round or oval, and then baked. The bread eaten at the Passover was always unleavened (Exodus 12:15; Deuteronomy 16:3). In the towns there were public ovens, which were much made use of for baking bread; there were also bakers by trade (Hosea 7:4; Jeremiah 37:21). Their ovens were not unlike those of modern times. But sometimes the bread was baked by being placed on the ground that had been heated by a fire, and by covering it with the embers (1 Kings 19:6). This was probably the mode in which Sarah prepared bread on the occasion referred to in Genesis 18:6. In Lev. 2 there is an account of the different kinds of bread and cakes used by the Jews. (See BAKE) The shew-bread (q.v.) consisted of twelve loaves of unleavened bread prepared and presented hot on the golden table every Sabbath. They were square or oblong, and represented the twelve tribes of Israel. The old loaves were removed every Sabbath, and were to be eaten only by the priests in the court of the sanctuary (Exodus 25:30; Leviticus 24:8; 1 Samuel 21:1; Matthew 12:4). The word bread is used figuratively in such expressions as "bread of sorrows" (Psalms 127:2), "bread of tears" (Psalms 80:5), i.e., sorrow and tears are like one's daily bread, they form so great a part in life. The bread of "wickedness" (Proverbs 4:17) and "of deceit" (Proverbs 20:17) denote in like manner that wickedness and deceit are a part of the daily life.
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Media in category "Bread"
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