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Majority of content from 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica

A Hebrew word meaning ``destruction. In poetry it comes to mean ``place of destruction, and so the underworld or Sheol (cf. Job 26:6; Proverbs 15:11). In Revelation 9:11 Abaddon (Abaddon is used of hell personified), the prince of the underworld. The term is here explained as Apollyon (q.v.), the ``destroyer.', W. Baudissin (Herzog-Hauck, Realencyklo padie) notes that Hades and Abaddon in Rabbinic writings are employed as personal names, just as shemayya in Daniel 4:23, shamayim (``heaven),

---excerpt from the Illustrated Bible Dictionary.

Abaddon - destruction, the Hebrew name (equivalent to the Greek Apollyon, i.e., destroyer) of "the angel of the bottomless pit" (Revelation 9:11). It is rendered "destruction" in Job 28:22; Job 31:12; Job 26:6; Proverbs 15:11; Proverbs 27:20. In the last three of these passages the Revised Version retains the word "Abaddon." We may regard this word as a personification of the idea of destruction, or as sheol, the realm of the dead.

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