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Category:Book of Psalms (Psalms 1 - 75)

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The psalms are called by the Hebrews TEHILLIM, that is, Hymns of Praise. The author, of a great part of them at least, was king David: but many are of opinion that some of them were made by Asaph, and others whose names are prefixed in the titles.

Psalms are numbered 1-150 in the Hebrew Bible. Psalms 9 and 10 belong together and Psalms 42 and 43 belong together. The Psalm numbering used here follows the Hebrew numbering. The number in the parentheses ( ) is the Greek Old Testament (Septuagint) numbering, which is used in certain other countries in Catholic Missals and Mass leaflets. The Psalms on this page are labeled with the Hebrew number and the (Greek number in the parentheses.) If, in other publications you find a "v" next to the number, the Psalms are numbered using the Greek numbering first and the Hebrew numbering off to the side in parentheses or with the "v" for Vulgate next to the Psalm number.

See also: Psalms 76 - 150.

Contents

Psalms Chapter 1 / Psalm 1

Beatus vir.

The happiness of the just and the evil state of the wicked.

1:1. Blessed is the man who has not walked in the counsel of the ungodly, nor stood in the way of sinners, nor sat in the chair of pestilence:
1:2. But his will is in the law of the Lord, and on His law he shall meditate day and night.
"... planted near the running waters..."
1:3. And he shall be like a tree which is planted near the running waters, which shall bring forth its fruit, in due season. And his leaf shall not fall off: and everything he shall do shall prosper.
1:4. Not so the wicked, not so: but like the dust, which the wind drives from the face of the earth.
1:5. Therefore the wicked shall not rise again in judgment: nor sinners in the council of the just.
1:6. For the Lord knows the way of the just: and the way of the wicked shall perish.

Psalms Chapter 2 / Psalm 2

Quare fremuerunt.

The vain efforts of persecutors against Christ and his church.

2:1. Why have the Gentiles raged, and the people devised vain things?
2:2. The kings of the earth stood up, and the princes met together, against the Lord, and against His Messiah.
2:3. "Let us break Their bonds asunder: and let us cast away Their yoke from us."
2:4. He that dwells in heaven shall laugh at them: and the Lord shall deride them.
2:5. Then shall He speak to them in His anger, and trouble them in His rage.
2:6. But I am appointed king by Him over Zion, His holy mountain, preaching His commandment.
2:7. The Lord has said to Me: "You are My Son, this day I have begotten You.
2:8. "Ask of Me, and I will give You the Gentiles for Your inheritance, and the utmost parts of the earth for Your possession.
2:9. "You shall rule them with a rod of iron, and shall break them in pieces like a potter's vessel."
2:10. And now, O kings, understand: receive instruction, you that judge the earth.
2:11. Serve the Lord with fear: and rejoice unto Him with trembling.
2:12. Embrace discipline, lest at any time the Lord be angry, and you perish from the just way.
2:13. When His wrath shall be kindled in a short time, blessed are all those who trust in Him.

Psalms Chapter 3 / Psalm 3

Domine, quid multiplicati.

The prophet's danger and delivery from his son Absalom: mystically, the passion and resurrection of Christ.

3:1. The psalm of David when he fled from the face of his son Absalom.
3:2 Why, O Lord, are they multiplied that afflict me? many are they who rise up against me.
3:3 Many say to my soul: There is no salvation for him in his God.
3:4. But You, O Lord, are my protector, my glory, and the lifter up of my head.
3:5. I have cried to the Lord with my voice: and He has heard me from His holy hill.
3:6. I have slept and have taken my rest: and I have risen up, because the Lord has protected me.
3:7. I will not fear thousands of the people surrounding me: arise, O Lord; save me, O my God.
3:8. For You have struck all those who are my adversaries without cause: You have broken the teeth of sinners.
3:9. Salvation is of the Lord: and Your blessing is upon Your people.

Psalms Chapter 4 / Psalm 4

Cum invocarem.

The prophet teaches us to flee to God in tribulation, with confidence in him.

4:1. Unto the end, in verses. A psalm for David.

Unto the end. . .Or, as St. Jerome renders it, victori, to him that overcomes: which some understand of the chief musician; to whom they suppose the psalms, which bear that title, were given to be sung: we rather understand the psalms thus inscribed to refer to Christ, who is the end of the law, and the great conqueror of death and hell, and to the New Testament.--Ibid. In verses, in carminibus. . .In the Hebrew, it is neghinoth, supposed by some to be a musical instrument, with which this psalm was to be sung.--Ibid. For David, or to David. . .That is, inspired to David himself, or to be sung.

4:2. When I called upon him, the God of my justice heard me: when I was in distress, you have enlarged me. Have mercy on me: and hear my prayer.
4:3. O sons of men, how long will you be dull of heart? why do you love vanity, and seek after lying?
4:4. Know also that the Lord has made his holy one wonderful: the Lord will hear me when I shall cry unto him.
4:5. Be angry, and do not sin: the things you say in your hearts, be sorry for them upon your beds.
4:6. Offer up the sacrifice of justice, and trust in the Lord: many say, Who shows us good things?
4:7. The light of your countenance, O Lord, is signed upon us: you have given gladness in my heart.
4:8. By the fruit of their corn, their wine, and oil, they rest:
4:9. In peace in the self same I will sleep, and I will rest:
4:10. For you, O Lord, singularly have settled me in hope.

Psalms Chapter 5 / Psalm 5

Verba mea auribul.

A prayer to God against the iniquities of men.

5:1. Unto the end, for her that obtains the inheritance. A psalm for David.

For her that obtains the inheritance. . .That is, for the church of Christ.

5:2. Give ear, O Lord, to my words, understand my cry.
5:3. Hearken to the voice of my prayer, O my King and my God.
5:4. For to you will I pray: O Lord, in the morning you shall hear my voice.
5:5. In the morning I will stand before you, and I will see: because you are not a God that wills iniquity.
5:6. Neither shall the wicked dwell near you: nor shall the unjust abide before your eyes.
5:7. You hate all workers of iniquity: you will destroy all that speak a lie. The bloody and the deceitful man the Lord will abhor.
5:8. But as for me in the multitude of your mercy, I will come into your house; I will worship towards your holy temple, in your fear.
5:9. Conduct me, O Lord, in your justice: because of my enemies, direct my way in your sight.
5:10. For there is no truth in their mouth: their heart is vain.
5:11. Their throat is an open sepulchre: they dealt deceitfully with their tongues: judge them, O God. Let them fall from their devices: according to the multitude of their wickednesses cast them out: for they have provoked you, O Lord.
5:12. But let all them be glad that hope in you: they shall rejoice forever, and you shall dwell in them. And all they that love your name shall glory in you.
5:13. For you will bless the just. O Lord, you have crowned us, as with a shield of your good will.

Psalms Chapter 6 / Psalm 6

Domine, ne in furore.

A prayer of a penitent sinner, under the scourge of God. The first penitential psalm.

6:1. Unto the end, in verses, a psalm for David, for the octave.

For the octave. . .That is, to be sung on an instrument of eight strings.

6:2. O Lord, do not rebuke me in Your indignation, nor chastise me in Your wrath.
6:3. Have mercy on me, O Lord, for I am weak: heal me, O Lord, for my bones are troubled.
6:4. And my soul is troubled exceedingly: but You, O Lord, how long?
6:5. Turn to me, O Lord, and deliver my soul: O save me for Your mercy's sake.
6:6. For there is no one in death, that is mindful of You: and who shall confess to You in hell?
6:7. I have labored in my groanings, every night I will wash my bed: I will water my couch with my tears.
6:8. My eye is troubled through indignation: I have grown old among all my enemies.
6:9. Depart from me, all you workers of iniquity: for the Lord has heard the voice of my weeping.
6:10. The Lord has heard my supplication: the Lord has received my prayer.
6:11. Let all my enemies be ashamed, and be very much troubled: let them be turned back, and be ashamed very speedily.

Psalms Chapter 7 / Psalm 7

Domine, Deus meus.

David, trusting in the justice of his cause, prays for God's help against his enemies.

7:1. The psalm of David, which he sung to the Lord, for the words of Chusi, the son of Jemini.
7:2. O Lord, my God, in you have I put my trust; save me from all them that persecute me, and deliver me.
7:3. Lest at any time he seize upon my soul like a lion, while there is no one to redeem me, nor to save.
7:4. O Lord, my God, if I have done this thing, if there be iniquity in my hands:
7:5. If I have rendered to them that repaid me evils, let me deservedly fall empty before my enemies.
7:6. Let the enemy pursue my soul, and take it, and tread down my life, on the earth, and bring down my glory to the dust.
7:7. Rise up, O Lord, in your anger: and be you exalted in the borders of my enemies. And arise, O Lord, my God, in the precept which you have commanded:
7:8. And a congregation of people shall surround you. And for their sakes return you on high.
7:9. The Lord judges the people. Judge me, O Lord, according to my justice, and according to my innocence in me.
7:10. The wickedness of sinners shall be brought to naught; and you shall direct the just: the searcher of hearts and reins is God. Just
7:11. Is my help from the Lord; who saves the upright of heart.
7:12. God is a just judge, strong and patient: is he angry every day?
7:13. Except you will be converted, he will brandish his sword; he has bent his bow, and made it ready.
7:14. And in it he has prepared to instruments of death, he has made ready his arrows for them that burn.

For them that burn. . .That is, against the persecutors of his saints.

7:15. Behold he has been in labor with injustice: he has conceived sorrow, and brought forth iniquity.
7:16. He has opened a pit and dug it: and he is fallen into the hole he made.
7:17. His sorrow shall be turned on his own head: and his iniquity shall come down upon his crown.
7:18. I will give glory to the Lord according to his justice: and will sing to the name of the Lord the most high.

Psalms Chapter 8 / Psalm 8

Domine, Dominus noster.

God is wonderful in his works; especially in mankind, singularly exalted by the incarnation of Christ.

8:1. Unto the end, for the presses: a psalm for David.

The presses. . .In Hebrew, Gittith, supposed to be a musical instrument.

8:2. O Lord, our Lord, how admirable is your name in the whole earth! For your magnificence is elevated above the heavens.
8:3. Out of the mouth of infants and of babes you have perfected praise, because of your enemies, that you may destroy the enemy and the avenger.
8:4. For I will behold your heavens, the works of your fingers: the moon and the stars which you have founded.
8:5. What is man, that you are mindful of him, or the son of man, that you visit him?
8:6. You have made him a little less than the angels, you have crowned him with glory and honor:
8:7. And have set him over the works of your hands.
8:8. You have subjected all things under his feet, all sheep and oxen: moreover, the beasts also of the fields.
8:9. The birds of the air, and the fishes of the sea, that pass through the paths of the sea.
8:10. O Lord, our Lord, how admirable is your name in the whole earth!

Psalms Chapter 9 / Psalm 9 (Includes Psalm 10 according to Greek numbering)

Confitebor tibi, Domine.

The church praises God for his protection against her enemies.

9:1. Unto the end, for the hidden things of the Son. A psalm for David.

The hidden things of the Son. . .The humility and sufferings of Christ, the Son of God; and of good Christians, who are his sons by adoption; are called hidden things, with regard to the children of this world, who know not the value and merit of them.

9:2. I will give praise to you, O Lord, with my whole heart: I will relate all your wonders.
9:3. I will be glad, and rejoice in you: I will sing to your name, O you most high.
9:4. When my enemy shall be turned back: they shall be weakened, and perish before your face.
9:5. For you have maintained my judgment and my cause: you have sat on the throne, who judges justice.
9:6. You have rebuked the Gentiles, and the wicked one has perished; you have blotted out their name forever and ever.
9:7. The swords of the enemy have failed unto the end: and their cities you have destroyed. Their memory has perished with a noise:
9:8. But the Lord remains forever. He has prepared his throne in judgment:
9:9. And he shall judge the world in equity, he shall judge the people in justice.
9:10. And the Lord is become a refuge for the poor: a helper in due time in tribulation.
9:11. And let them trust in you who know your name: for you have not forsaken them that seek you, O Lord.
9:12. Sing to the Lord, who dwells in Zion: declare his ways among the Gentiles:
9:13. For requiring their blood, he has remembered them: he has not forgotten the cry of the poor.
9:14. Have mercy on me, O Lord: see my humiliation which I suffer from my enemies.
9:15. You that lift me up from the gates of death, that I may declare all your praises in the gates of the daughter of Zion.
9:16. I will rejoice in your salvation: the Gentiles have stuck fast in the destruction which they prepared. Their foot has been taken in the very snare which they hid.
9:17. The Lord shall be known when he executes judgments: the sinner has been caught in the works of his own hands.
9:18. The wicked shall be turned into hell, all the nations that forget God.
9:19. For the poor man shall not be forgotten to the end: the patience of the poor shall not perish forever.
9:20. Arise, O Lord, let not man be strengthened: let the Gentiles be judged in your sight.
9:21. Appoint, O Lord, a lawgiver over them: that the Gentiles may know themselves to be but men.

Here the late Hebrew doctors divide this psalm into two, making ver. 22 the beginning of Psalm 10. And again they join Psalms 146 and 147 into one, in order that the whole number of psalms should not exceed 150. And in this manner the psalms are numbered in the Protestant Bible also.

(Psalm 10 according to Greek numbering)

9a:22. Why, O Lord, have you retired afar off? Why do you slight us in our wants, in the time of trouble?
9a:23. While the wicked man is proud, the poor is enflamed: they are caught in the counsels which they devise.
9a:24. For the sinner is praised in the desires of his soul: and the unjust man is blessed.
9a:25. The sinner has provoked the Lord, according to the multitude of his wrath, he will not seek him:
9a:26. God is not before his eyes: his ways are filthy at all times. Thy judgments are removed from his sight: he shall rule over all his enemies.
9a:27. For he has said in his heart: I shall not be moved from generation to generation, and shall be without evil.
9a:28. His mouth is full of cursing, and of bitterness, and of deceit: under his tongue are labor and sorrow.
9a:29. He sits in ambush with the rich, in private places, that he may kill the innocent.
9a:30. His eyes are upon the poor man: he lies in wait, in secret, like a lion in his den. He lies in ambush, that he may catch the poor man: so catch the poor, while he draws him to him.
9a:31. In his net he will bring him down, he will crouch and fall, when he shall have power over the poor.
9a:32. For he has said in his heart: God has forgotten, he has turned away his face, not to see to the end.
9a:33. Arise, O Lord God, let your hand be exalted: forget not the poor.
9a:34. Wherefore has the wicked provoked God? for he has said in his heart: He will not require it.
9a:35. You see it, for you consider labor and sorrow: that you may deliver them into your hands. To you is the poor man left: you will be a helper to the orphan.
9a:36. Break you the arm of the sinner and of the malignant: his sin shall be sought, and shall not be found.
9a:37. The Lord shall reign to eternity, yea, forever and ever: you Gentiles shall perish from his land.
9a:38. The Lord has heard the desire of the poor: your ear has heard the preparation of their heart.
9a:39. To judge for the fatherless and for the humble, that man may no more presume to magnify himself upon earth.

Psalms Chapter 10 / Psalm 10 (11 G)

In Domino confido.

The just man's confidence in God in the midst of persecutions.

10:1. Unto the end. A psalm to David.
10:2. In the Lord I put my trust: how then do you say to my soul: Get you away from hence to the mountain, like a sparrow.
10:3. For, lo, the wicked have bent their bow: they have prepared their arrows in the quiver, to shoot in the dark the upright of heart.
10:4. For they have destroyed the things which you have made: but what has the just man done?
10:5. The Lord is in his holy temple, the Lord's throne is in heaven. His eyes look on the poor man: his eyelids examine the sons of men.
10:6. The Lord tries the just and the wicked: but he that loves iniquity hates his own soul.
10:7. He shall rain snares upon sinners: fire and brimstone, and storms of winds, shall be the portion of their cup.
10:8. For the Lord is just, and has loved justice: his countenance has beheld righteousness.

Psalms Chapter 11 / Psalm 11 (12 G)

Salvum me fac.

The prophet calls for God's help against the wicked.

11:1. Unto the end: for the octave, a psalm for David.
11:2. Save me, O Lord, for there is now no saint: truths are decayed from among the children of men.
11:3. They have spoken vain things, every one to his neighbor: with deceitful lips, and with a double heart have they spoken.
11:4. May the Lord destroy all deceitful lips, and the tongue that speaks proud things.
11:5. Who have said: We will magnify our tongue: our lips are our own: who is Lord over us?
11:6. By reason of the misery of the needy, and the groans of the poor, now will I arise, says the Lord. I will set him in safety: I will deal confidently in his regard.
11:7. The words of the Lord are pure words: as silver tried by the fire, purged from the earth, refined seven times.
11:8. You, O Lord, will preserve us: and keep us from this generation forever.
11:9. The wicked walk round about: according to your highness, you have multiplied the children of men.

Psalms Chapter 12 / Psalm 12 (13 G)

Usquequo, Domine.

A prayer in tribulation.

12:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David. How long, O Lord, will you forget me unto the end? how long do you turn away your face from me?
12:2. How long shall I take counsels in my soul, sorrow in my heart all the day?
12:3. How long shall my enemy be exalted over Me?
12:4. Consider, and hear me, O Lord, my God. Enlighten my eyes, that I never sleep in death:
12:5. Lest at any time my enemy say: I have prevailed against him. They that trouble me, will rejoice when I am moved:
12:6. But I have trusted in your mercy. My heart shall rejoice in your salvation: I will sing to the Lord, who gives me good things: yea, I will sing to the name of the Lord, the most high.

Psalms Chapter 13 / Psalm 13 (14 G)

Dixit insipiens.

The general corruption of man before our redemption by Christ.

13:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David. The fool has said in his heart: There is no God. They are corrupt, and are become abominable in their ways: there is none that does good, no not one.
13:2. The Lord has looked down from heaven upon the children of men, to see if there be any that understand and seek God.
13:3. They are all gone aside, they are become unprofitable together: there is none that does good: no not one. Their throat is an open sepulchre; with their tongues they acted deceitfully: the poison of asps is under their lips. Their mouth is full of cursing and bitterness; their feet are swift to shed blood. Destruction and unhappiness in their ways; and the way of peace they have not known: there is no fear of God before their eyes.
13:4. Shall not all they know that work iniquity, who devour my people as they eat bread?
13:5. They have not called upon the Lord: there have they trembled for fear, where there was no fear.
13:6. For the Lord is in the just generation: you have confounded the counsel of the poor man; but the Lord is his hope.
13:7. Who shall give out of Zion the salvation of Israel? when the Lord shall have turned away the captivity of his people, Jacob shall rejoice, and Israel shall be glad.

Psalms Chapter 14 / Psalm 14 (15 G)

Domine, quis habitabit.

What kind of men shall dwell in the heavenly Zion.

14:1. A psalm for David. Lord, who shall dwell in your tabernacle? or who shall rest in your holy hill?
14:2. He that walks without blemish, and works justice:
14:3. He that speaks truth in his heart, who has not used deceit in his tongue: Nor has done evil to his neighbor: nor taken up a reproach against his neighbors.
14:4. In his sight the malignant is brought to nothing: but he glorifies those who fear the Lord. He that swears to his neighbor, but does not deceive;
14:5. He that has not put out his money to usury, nor taken bribes against the innocent: He that does these things, shall not be moved forever.

Psalms Chapter 15 / Psalm 15 (16 G)

Conserva me, Domine.

Christ's future victory and triumph over the world and death.

15:1. The inscription of a title to David himself. Preserve me, O Lord, for I have put my trust in you.

The inscription of a title. . .That is, of a pillar or monument, staylographia: which is as much as to say, that this psalm is most worthy to be engraved on an everlasting monument.

15:2. I have said to the Lord, you are my God, for you have no need of my goods.
15:3. To the saints, who are in his land, he has made wonderful all my desires in them.
15:4. Their infirmities were multiplied: afterwards they made haste. I will not gather together their meetings for blood offerings: nor will I be mindful of their names by my lips.
15:5. The Lord is the portion of my inheritance and of my cup: it is you that will restore my inheritance to me.
15:6. The lines are fallen unto me in goodly places: for my inheritance is goodly to me.
15:7. I will bless the Lord, who has given me understanding: moreover, my reins also have corrected me even till night.
15:8. I set the Lord always in my sight: for he is at my right hand, that I be not moved.
15:9. Therefore my heart has been glad, and my tongue has rejoiced: moreover, my flesh also shall rest in hope.
15:10. Because you will not leave my soul in hell; nor will you give your holy one to see corruption.
15:11. You have made known to me the ways of life, you shall fill me with joy with your countenance: at your right hand are delights even to the end.

Psalms Chapter 16 / Psalm 16 (17 G)

Exaudi, Domine, justitiam.

A just man's prayer in tribulation against the malice of his enemy.

16:1. The prayer of David. Hear, O Lord, my justice: attend to my supplication. Give ear unto my prayer, which does not proceed from deceitful lips.
16:2. Let my judgment come forth from your countenance: let your eyes behold the things that are equitable.
16:3. You have proved my heart, and visited it by night, you have tried me by fire: and iniquity has not been found in me.
16:4. That my mouth may not speak the works of men: for the sake of the words of your lips, I have kept hard ways.
16:5. Perfect you my goings in your paths: that my footsteps be not moved.
16:6. I have cried to you, for you, O God, have heard me: O incline your ear unto me, and hear my words.
16:7. Show forth your wonderful mercies; you who savest them that trust in you.
16:8. From them that resist your right hand keep me, as the apple of your eye. Protect me under the shadow of your wings.
16:9. From the face of the wicked who have afflicted me. My enemies have surrounded my soul:
16:10. They have shut up their fat: their mouth has spoken proudly.

Their fat. . .That is, their bowels of compassion: for they have none for me.

16:11. They have cast me forth, and now they have surrounded me: they have set their eyes bowing down to the earth.
16:12. They have taken me, as a lion prepared for the prey; and as a young lion dwelling in secret places.
16:13. Arise, O Lord, disappoint him and supplant him; deliver my soul from the wicked one; your sword
16:14. From the enemies of your hand. O Lord, divide them from the few of the earth in their life: their belly is filled from your hidden stores. They are full of children: and they have left to their little ones the rest of their substance.

Divide them from the few, etc. . .That is, cut them off from the earth, and the few trifling things thereof; which they are so proud of, or divide them from the few; that is, from your elect, who are but few; that they may no longer have it in their power to oppress them. It is not meant by way of a curse or imprecation; but, as many other the like passages in the psalms, by way of a prediction, or prophecy of what should come upon them, in punishment of their wickedness. Ibid. Your hidden stores. . .Your secret treasures, out of which you furnish those earthly goods, which, with a bountiful hand you have distributed both to the good and the bad.

16:15. But as for me, I will appear before your sight in justice: I shall be satisfied when your glory shall appear.

Psalms Chapter 17 / Psalm 17 (18 G)

Diligam te, Domine.

David's thanks to God for his delivery from all his enemies.

17:1. Unto the end, for David, the servant of the Lord, who spoke to the Lord the words of this canticle, in the day that the Lord delivered him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul: and he said:
17:2. I will love you, O Lord, my strength:
17:3. The Lord is my firmament, my refuge, and my deliverer. My God is my helper, and in him will I put my trust. My protector, and the horn of my salvation, and my support.
17:4. Praising, I will call upon the Lord: and I shall be saved from my enemies.
17:5. The sorrows of death surrounded me: and the torrents of iniquity troubled me.
17:6. The sorrows of hell encompassed me: and the snares of death prevented me.
17:7. In my affliction I called upon the Lord, and I cried to my God: And he heard my voice from his holy temple: and my cry before him came into his ears.
17:8. The earth shook and trembled: the foundations of the mountains were troubled and were moved, because he was angry with them.
17:9. There went up a smoke in his wrath: and a fire flamed from his face: coals were kindled by it.
17:10. He bowed the heavens, and came down, and darkness was under his feet.
17:11. And he ascended upon the cherubim, and he flew; he flew upon the wings of the winds.
17:12. And he made darkness his covert, his pavilion round about him: dark waters in the clouds of the air.
17:13. At the brightness that was before him the clouds passed, hail and coals of fire.
17:14. And the Lord thundered from heaven, and the Highest gave his voice: hail and coals of fire.
17:15. And he sent forth his arrows, and he scattered them: he multiplied the lightning bolts and troubled them.
17:16. Then the fountains of waters appeared, and the foundations of the world were discovered: At your rebuke, O Lord, at the blast of the spirit of your wrath.
17:17. He sent from on high, and took me: and received me out of many waters.
17:18. He delivered me from my strongest enemies, and from them that hated me: for they were too strong for me.
17:19. They prevented me in the day of my affliction: and the Lord became my protector.
17:20. And he brought me forth into a large place: he saved me, because he was well pleased with me.
17:21. And the Lord will reward me according to my justice; and will repay me according to the cleanness of my hands:
17:22. Because I have kept the ways of the Lord; and have not done wickedly against my God.
17:23. For all his judgments are in my sight: and his justices I have not put away from me.
17:24. And I shall be spotless with him: and shall keep myself from my iniquity.
17:25. And the Lord will reward me according to my justice: and according to the cleanness of my hands before his eyes.
17:26. With the holy you will be holy; and with the innocent man you will be innocent:
17:27. And with the elect you will be elect: and with the perverse you will be perverted.
17:28. For you will save the humble people; but will bring down the eyes of the proud.
17:29. For you lightest my lamp, O Lord: O my God, enlighten my darkness.
17:30. For by you I shall be delivered from temptation; and through my God I shall go over a wall.
17:31. As for my God, his way is undefiled: the words of the Lord are fire-tried: he is the protector of all that trust in him.
17:32. For who is God but the Lord? or who is God but our God?
17:33. God, who has girt me with strength; and made my way blameless.
17:34. Who has made my feet like the feet of harts: and who sets me upon high places.
17:35. Who teaches my hands to war: and you have made my arms like a brazen bow.
17:36. And you have given me the protection of your salvation: and your right hand has held me up: And your discipline has corrected me unto the end: and your discipline, the same shall teach me.
17:37. You have enlarged my steps under me; and my feet are not weakened.
17:38. I will pursue after my enemies, and overtake them: and I will not turn again till they are consumed.
17:39. I will break them, and they shall not be able to stand: they shall fall under my feet.
17:40. And you have girded me with strength unto battle; and have subdued under me them that rose up against me.
17:41. And you have made my enemies turn their back upon me, and have destroyed those who hated me.
17:42. They cried, but there was none to save them, to the Lord: but he heard them not.
17:43. And I shall beat them as small as the dust before the wind; I shall bring them to naught, like the dirt in the streets.
17:44. You will deliver me from the contradictions of the people; you will make me head of the Gentiles.
17:45. A people which I knew not, has served me: at the hearing of the ear they have obeyed me.
17:46. The children that are strangers have lied to me, strange children have faded away, and have halted from their paths.
17:47. The Lord lives, and blessed by my God, and let the God of my salvation be exalted.
17:48. O God, who avenges me, and subdues the people under me, my deliverer from my enraged enemies.
17:49. And you will lift me up above them that rise up against me: from the unjust man you will deliver me.
17:50. Therefore will I give glory to you, O Lord, among the nations, and I will sing a psalm to your name.
17:51. Giving great deliverance to his king, and showing mercy to David, his anointed: and to his seed forever.

Psalms Chapter 18 / Psalm 18 (19 G)

Coeli enarrant.

The works of God show forth his glory: his law is greatly to be esteemed and loved.

18:1. Unto the end. A Psalm for David.
18:2. The heavens show forth the glory of God, and the firmament declares the work of his hands.
18:3. Day to day utters speech, and night to night shows knowledge.
18:4. There are no speeches nor languages, where their voices are not heard.
18:5. Their sound has gone forth into all the earth: and their words unto the ends of the world.
18:6. He has set his tabernacle in the sun: and he as a bridegroom coming out of his bridechamber, Has rejoiced as a giant to run the way:
18:7. His going out is from the end of heaven, And his circuit even to the end thereof: and there is no one that can hide himself from his heat.
18:8. The law of the Lord is unspotted, converting souls: the testimony of the Lord is faithful, giving wisdom to little ones.
18:9. The justices of the Lord are right, rejoicing hearts: the commandment of the Lord is lightsome, enlightening the eyes.
18:10. The fear of the Lord is holy, enduring forever and ever: the judgments of the Lord are true, justified in themselves.
18:11. More to be desired than gold and many precious stones: and sweeter than honey and the honeycomb.
18:12. For your servant keeps them, and in keeping them there is a great reward.
18:13. Who can understand sins? from my secret ones cleanse me, O Lord:
18:14. And from those of others spare your servant. If they shall have no dominion over me, then shall I be without spot: and I shall be cleansed form the greatest sin.
18:15. And the words of my mouth shall be such as may please: and the meditation of my heart always in your sight. O Lord, my helper and my Redeemer.

Psalms Chapter 19 / Psalm 19 (20 G)

Exaudiat te Dominus.

A prayer for the king.

19:1. Unto the end. A psalm for David.
19:2. May the Lord hear you in the day of tribulation: may the name of the God of Jacob protect you.
19:3. May he send you help from the sanctuary: and defend you out of Zion.
19:4. May he be mindful of all your sacrifices: and may your whole burnt offering be made fat.
19:5. May he give you according to your own heart; and confirm all your counsels.
19:6. We will rejoice in your salvation; and in the name of our God we shall be exalted.
19:7. The Lord fulfill all your petitions: now have I known that the Lord has saved his anointed. He will hear him from his holy heaven: the salvation of his right hand is in powers.

The salvation of his right hand is in powers. . .That is, in strength. His right hand is strong and mighty to save them that trust in him.

19:8. Some trust in chariots, and some in horses: but we will call upon the name of the Lord, our God.
19:9. They are bound, and have fallen: but we are risen, and are set upright. O Lord, save the king: and hear us in the day that we shall call upon you.

Psalms Chapter 20 / Psalm 20 (21 G)

Domine, in virtute.

Praise to God for Christ's exaltation after his passion.

20:1. Unto the end. A psalm for David.
20:2. In your strength, O Lord, the king shall joy; and in your salvation he shall rejoice exceedingly.
20:3. You have given him his heart's desire: and have not withheld from him the will of his lips.
20:4. For you have prevented him with blessings of sweetness: you have set on his head a crown of precious stones.
20:5. He asked life of you: and you have given him length of days forever and ever.
20:6. His glory is great in your salvation: glory and great beauty shall you lay upon him.
20:7. For you shall give him to be a blessing forever and ever: you shall make him joyful in gladness with your countenance.
20:8. For the king hopes in the Lord: and through the mercy of the most High he shall not be moved.
20:9. Let your hand be found by all your enemies: let your right hand find out all them that hate you.
20:10. You shall make them as an oven of fire, in the time of your anger: the Lord shall trouble them in his wrath, and fire shall devour them.
20:11. Their fruit shall you destroy from the earth: and their seed from among the children of men.
20:12. For they have intended evils against you: they have devised counsels which they have not been able to establish.
20:13. For you shall make them turn their back: in your remnants you shall prepare their face.

In your remnants you shall prepare their face. . .Or you shall set your remnants against their faces. That is, you shall make them see what punishments remain for them hereafter from your justice. Instead of remnants, St. Jerome renders it funes, that is, cords or strings, viz., of the bow of divine justice, from which God directs his arrows against the faces of his enemies.

20:14. Be you exalted, O Lord, in your own strength: we will sing and praise your power.

Psalms Chapter 21 / Psalm 21 (22 G)

Deus Deus meus.

Christ's passion: and the conversion of the Gentiles.

21:1. Unto the end, for the morning protection, a psalm for David.
21:2. O God my God, look upon me: why have you forsaken me? Far from my salvation are the words of my sins.

The words of my sins. . .That is, the sins of the world, which I have taken upon myself, cry out against me, and are the cause of all my sufferings.

21:3. O my God, I shall cry by day, and you will not hear: and by night, and it shall not be reputed as folly in me.
21:4. But you dwells in the holy place, the praise of Israel.
21:5. In you have our fathers hoped: they have hoped, and you have delivered them.
21:6. They cried to you, and they were saved: they trusted in you, and were not confounded.
21:7. But I am a worm, and no man: the reproach of men, and the outcast of the people.
21:8. All they that saw me have laughed me to scorn: they have spoken with the lips, and wagged the head.
21:9. He hoped in the Lord, let him deliver him: let him save him, seeing he delights in him.
21:10. For you are he that have drawn me out of the womb: my hope from the breasts of my mother.
21:11. I was cast upon you from the womb. From my mother's womb you are my God,
21:12. Depart not from me. For tribulation is very near: for there is none to help me.
21:13. Many calves have surrounded me: fat bulls have besieged me.
21:14.They have opened their mouths against me, as a lion ravening and roaring.
21:15. I am poured out like water; and all my bones are scattered. My heart is become like wax melting in the midst of my bowels.
21:16. My strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue has cleaved to my jaws: and you have brought me down into the dust of death.
21:17. For many dogs have encompassed me: the council of the malignant has besieged me. They have dug my hands and feet.
21:18. They have numbered all my bones. And they have looked and stared upon me.
21:19. They parted my garments amongst them; and upon my vesture they cast lots.
21:20. But you, O Lord, remove not your help to a distance from me; look towards my defense.
21:21. Deliver, O God, my soul from the sword: my only one from the hand of the dog.
21:22. Save me from the lion's mouth; and my lowness from the horns of the unicorns.
21:23. I will declare your name to my brethren: in the midst of the church will I praise you.
21:24. You that fear the Lord, praise him: all the seed of Jacob, glorify him.
21:25. Let all the seed of Israel fear him: because he has not slighted nor despised the supplication of the poor man. Neither has he turned away his face form me: and when I cried to him he heard me.
21:26. With you is my praise in a great church: I will pay my vows in the sight of them that fear him.
21:27. The poor shall eat and shall be filled: and they shall praise the Lord that seek him: their hearts shall live forever and ever.
21:28. All the ends of the earth shall remember, and shall be converted to the Lord: And all the kindreds of the Gentiles shall adore in his sight.
21:29. For the kingdom is the Lord's; and he shall have dominion over the nations.
21:30. All the fat ones of the earth have eaten and have adored: all they that go down to the earth shall fall before him.
21:31. And to him my soul shall live: and my seed shall serve him.
21:32. There shall be declared to the Lord a generation to come: and the heavens shall show forth his justice to a people that shall be born, which the Lord has made.

Psalms Chapter 22 / Psalm 22 (23 G)

Dominus regit me.

God's spiritual benefits to faithful souls.

22:1. A psalm for David. The Lord is my Shepherd, and I shall want nothing.
22:2. He has set me in a place of pasture. He has brought me up, on the water of refreshment:
22:3. He has converted my soul. He has led me on the paths of justice, for His own name's sake.
22:4. For though I should walk in the midst of the shadow of death, I will fear no evils, for You are with me. Your rod and Your staff have comforted me.
22:5. You have prepared a table before me against those who afflict me. You have anointed my head with oil; and my chalice which inebriates me, how goodly is it!
22:6. Your mercy will follow me all the days of my life. That I may dwell in the house of the Lord unto length of days.

Psalms Chapter 23 / Psalm 23 (24 G)

Domini est terra.

Who are they that shall ascend to heaven: Christ's triumphant ascension thither.

23:1. On the first day of the week, a psalm for David. The earth is the Lord's and the fullness thereof: the world, and all they that dwell therein.
23:2. For he has founded it upon the seas; and has prepared it upon the rivers.
23:3. Who shall ascend into the mountain of the Lord: or who shall stand in his holy place?
23:4. The innocent in hands, and clean of heart, who has not taken his soul in vain, nor sworn deceitfully to his neighbor.
23:5. He shall receive a blessing from the Lord, and mercy from God his Savior.
23:6. This is the generation of them that seek him, of them that seek the face of the God of Jacob.
23:7. Lift up your gates, O princes, and be lifted up, O eternal gates: and the King of Glory shall enter in.
23:8. Who is this King of Glory? the Lord who is strong and mighty: the Lord mighty in battle.
23:9. Lift up your gates, O princes, and be lifted up, O eternal gates: and the King of Glory shall enter in.
23:10. Who is this King of Glory? the Lord of hosts, he is the King of Glory.

Psalms Chapter 24 / Psalm 24 (25 G)

Ad te, Domine, levavi.

A prayer for grace, mercy, and protection against our enemies.

24:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David. To you, O Lord, have I lifted up my soul.
24:2. In you, O my God, I put my trust; let me not be ashamed.
24:3. Neither let my enemies laugh at me: for none of them that wait on you shall be confounded.
24:4. Let all them be confounded that act unjust things without cause. Show, O Lord, your ways to me, and teach me your paths.
24:5. Direct me in your truth, and teach me; for you are God my Savior; and on you have I waited all the day long.
24:6. Remember, O Lord, your bowels of compassion; and your mercies that are from the beginning of the world.
24:7. The sins of my youth and my ignorances do not remember. According to your mercy remember you me: for your goodness' sake, O Lord.
24:8. The Lord is sweet and righteous: therefore he will give a law to sinners in the way.
24:9. He will guide the mild in judgment: he will teach the meek his ways.
24:10. All the ways of the Lord are mercy and truth, to them that seek after his covenant and his testimonies.
24:11. For your name's sake, O Lord, you will pardon my sin: for it is great.
24:12. Who is the man that fears the Lord? He has appointed him a law in the way he has chosen.
24:13. His soul shall dwell in good things: and his seed shall inherit the land.
24:14. The Lord is a firmament to them that fear him: and his covenant shall be made manifest to them.
24:15. My eyes are ever towards the Lord: for he shall pluck my feet out of the snare.
24:16. Look you upon me, and have mercy on me; for I am alone and poor.
24:17. The troubles of my heart are multiplied: deliver me from my necessities.
24:18. See my abjection and my labor; and forgive me all my sins.
24:19. Consider my enemies for they are multiplied, and have hated me with an unjust hatred.
24:20. Deep you my soul, and deliver me: I shall not be ashamed, for I have hoped in you.
24:21. The innocent and the upright have adhered to me: because I have waited on you.
24:22. Deliver Israel, O God, from all his tribulations.

Psalms Chapter 25 / Psalm 25 (26 G)

Judica me, Domine.

David's prayer to God in his distress, to be delivered, that he may come to worship him in his tabernacle.

25:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David. Judge me, O Lord, for I have walked in my innocence: and I have put my trust in the Lord, and shall not be weakened.
25:2. Prove me, O Lord, and try me; burn my reins and my heart.
25:3. For your mercy is before my eyes; and I am well pleased with your truth.
25:4. I have not sat with the council of vanity: neither will I go in with the doers of unjust things.
25:5. I have hated the assembly of the malignant; and with the wicked I will not sit.
25:6. I will wash my hands among the innocent; and will compass your altar, O Lord:
25:7. That I may hear the voice of your praise: and tell of all your wondrous works.
25:8. I have loved, O Lord, the beauty of your house; and the place where your glory dwells.
25:9. Take not away my soul, O God, with the wicked: nor my life with bloody men:
25:10. In whose hands are iniquities: their right hand is filled with gifts.
25:11. But as for me, I have walked in my innocence: redeem me, and have mercy on me.
25:12. My foot has stood in the direct way: in the churches I will bless you, O Lord.

Psalms Chapter 26 / Psalm 26 (27 G)

Dominus illuminatio.

David's faith and hope in God.

26:1. The psalm of David before he was anointed. The Lord is my light and my salvation, whom shall I fear? The Lord is the protector of my life: of whom shall I be afraid?
26:2. While the wicked draw near against me, to eat my flesh. My enemies that trouble me, have themselves been weakened, and have fallen.
26:3. If armies in camp should stand together against me, my heart shall not fear. If a battle should rise up against me, in this will I be confident.
26:4. One thing I have asked of the Lord, this will I seek after; that I may dwell in the house of the Lord all the days of my life. That I may see the delight of the Lord, and may visit his temple.
26:5. For he has hidden me in his tabernacle; in the day of evils, he has protected me in the secret place of his tabernacle.
26:6. He has exalted me upon a rock: and now he has lifted up my head above my enemies. I have gone round, and have offered up in his tabernacle a sacrifice of jubilation: I will sing, and recite a psalm to the Lord.
26:7. Hear, O Lord, my voice, with which I have cried to you: have mercy on me and hear me.
26:8. My heart has said to you: My face has sought you: your face, O Lord, will I still seek.
26:9. Turn not away your face from me; decline not in your wrath from your servant. Be you my helper, forsake me not; do not you despise me, O God my Savior.
26:10. For my father and my mother have left me: but the Lord has taken me up.
26:11. Set me, O Lord, a law in your way, and guide me in the right path, because of my enemies.
26:12. Deliver me not over to the will of them that trouble me; for unjust witnesses have risen up against me; and iniquity has lied to itself.
26:13. I believe to see the good things of the Lord in the land of the living.
26:14. Expect the Lord, do manfully, and let your heart take courage, and wait you for the Lord.

Psalms Chapter 27 / Psalm 27 (28 G)

Ad te, Domine, clamabo.

David's prayer that his enemies may not prevail over him.

27:1. A psalm for David himself. Unto you will I cry, O Lord: O my God, be not you silent to me: lest if you be silent to me, I become like them that go down into the pit.
27:2. Hear, O Lord, the voice of my supplication, when I pray to you; when I lift up my hands to your holy temple.
27:3. Draw me not away together with the wicked; and with the workers of iniquity destroy me not: Who speak peace with their neighbor, but evils are in their hearts.
27:4. Give them according to their works, and according to the wickedness of their inventions. According to the works of their hands give you to them: render to them their reward.
27:5. Because they have not understood the works of the Lord, and the operations of his hands: you shall destroy them, and shall not build them up.
27:6. Blessed be the Lord, for he has heard the voice of my supplication.
27:7. The Lord is my helper and my protector: in him has my heart confided, and I have been helped. And my flesh has flourished again, and with my will I will give praise to him.
27:8. The Lord is the strength of his people, and the protector of the salvation of his anointed.
27:9. Save, O Lord, your people, and bless your inheritance: and rule them and exalt them forever.

Psalms Chapter 28 / Psalm 28 (29 G)

Afferte Domino.

An invitation to glorify God, with a commemoration of his mighty works.

28:1. A psalm for David, at the finishing of the tabernacle. Bring to the Lord, O children of God: bring to the Lord the offspring of rams.
28:2. Bring to the Lord glory and honor: bring to the Lord glory to his name: adore the Lord in his holy court.
28:3. The voice of the Lord is upon the waters; the God of majesty has thundered, The Lord is upon many waters.
28:4. The voice of the Lord is in power; the voice of the Lord in magnificence.
28:5. The voice of the Lord breaks the cedars: yea, the Lord shall break the cedars of Lebanon.
28:6. And shall reduce them to pieces, as a calf of Lebanon, and as the beloved son of unicorns.

Shall reduce them to pieces, etc. . .In Hebrew, shall make them to skip like a calf. The psalmist here describes the effects of thunder (which he calls the voice of the Lord) which sometimes breaks down the tallest and strongest trees; and makes their broken branches skip, etc. All this is to be understood mystically of the powerful voice of God's word in his church; which has broken the pride of the great ones of this world, and brought many of them meekly and joyfully to submit their necks to the sweet yoke of Christ.

28:7. The voice of the Lord divides the flame of fire:
28:8. The voice of the Lord shakes the desert: and the Lord shall shake the desert of Cades.
28:9. The voice of the Lord prepares the stags: and he will discover the thick woods: and in his temple all shall speak his glory.
28:10. The Lord makes the flood to dwell: and the Lord shall sit king forever. The Lord will give strength to his people: the Lord will bless his people with peace.

Psalms Chapter 29 / Psalm 29 (30 G)

Exaltabo te, Domine.

David praises God for his deliverance, and his merciful dealings with him.

29:1. A psalm of a canticle, at the dedication of David's house.
29:2. I will extol you, O Lord, for you have upheld me: and have not made my enemies to rejoice over me.
29:3. O Lord my God, I have cried to you, and you have healed me.
29:4. You have brought forth, O Lord, my soul from hell: you have saved me from them that go down into the pit.
29:5. Sing to the Lord, O you his saints: and give praise to the memory of his holiness.

29:6. For wrath is in his indignation; and life in his good will. In the evening weeping shall have place, and in the morning gladness.</div>

29:7. And in my abundance I said: I shall never be moved.
29:8. O Lord, in your favor, you gave strength to my beauty. You turned away your face from me, and I became troubled.
29:9. To you, O Lord, will I cry: and I will make supplication to my God.
29:10. What profit is there in my blood, while I go down to corruption? Shall dust confess to you, or declare your truth?
29:11. The Lord has heard, and has had mercy on me: the Lord became my helper.
29:12. You have turned for me my mourning into joy: you have cut my sackcloth, and have compassed me with gladness:
29:13. To the end that my glory may sing to you, and I may not regret: O Lord my God, I will give praise to you forever.

Psalms Chapter 30 / Psalm 30 (31 G)

In te, Domine, speravi.

A prayer of a just man under affliction.

30:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David, in an ecstasy.
30:2. In you, O Lord, have I hoped, let me never be confounded: deliver me in your justice.
30:3. Bow down your ear to me: make haste to deliver me. Be you unto me a God, a protector, and a house of refuge, to save me.
30:4. For you are my strength and my refuge; and for your name's sake you will lead me, and nourish me.
30:5. You will bring me out of this snare, which they have hidden for me: for you are my protector.
30:6. Into your hands I commend my spirit: you have redeemed me, O Lord, the God of truth.
30:7. You have hated them that regard vanities, to no purpose. But I have hoped in the Lord:
30:8. I will be glad and rejoice in your mercy. For you have regarded my humility, you have saved my soul out of distresses.
30:9. And you have not shut me up in the hands of the enemy: you have set my feet in a spacious place.
30:10. Have mercy on me, O Lord, for I am afflicted: my eye is troubled with wrath, my soul, and my belly:
30:11. For my life is wasted with grief: and my years in sighs. My strength is weakened through poverty and my bones are disturbed.
30:12. I am become a reproach among all my enemies, and very much to my neighbors; and a fear to my acquaintance. They that saw me without fled from me.
30:13. I am forgotten as one dead from the heart. I am become as a vessel that is destroyed.
30:14. For I have heard the blame of many that dwell round about. While they assembled together against me, they consulted to take away my life.
30:15. But I have put my trust in you, O Lord: I said: You are my God.
30:16. My lots are in your hands. Deliver me out of the hands of my enemies; and from them that persecute me.
30:17. Make your face to shine upon your servant; save me in your mercy.
30:18. Let me not be confounded, O Lord, for I have called upon you. Let the wicked be ashamed, and be brought down to hell.
30:19. Let deceitful lips be made dumb. Which speak iniquity against the just, with pride and abuse.
30:20. O how great is the multitude of your sweetness, O Lord, which you have hidden for them that fear you! Which you have wrought for them that hope in you, in the sight of the sons of men.
30:21. You shall hide them in the secret of your face, from the disturbance of men. You shall protect them in your tabernacle from the contradiction of tongues.
30:22. Blessed be the Lord, for he has shown his wonderful mercy to me in a fortified city.
30:23. But I said in the excess of my mind: I am cast away from before your eyes. Therefore you have heard the voice of my prayer, when I cried to you.
30:24. O love the Lord, all you his saints: for the Lord will require truth, and will repay them abundantly that act proudly.
30:25. Do manfully, and let your heart be strengthened, all you that hope in the Lord.

Psalms Chapter 31 / Psalm 31 (32 G)

Beati quorum.

The second penitential psalm.

31:1. To David himself, understanding. Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered.
31:2. Blessed is the man to whom the Lord has not imputed sin, and in whose spirit there is no guile.
31:3. Because I was silent my bones grew old; while I cried out all the day long.

Because I was silent, etc. . .That is, while I kept silence, by concealing, or refusing to confess my sins, your hand was heavy upon me, etc.

31:4. For day and night your hand was heavy upon me: I am turned in my anguish, while the thorn is fastened.

I am turned, etc. . .That is, I turn and roll about in my bed to seek for ease in my pain while the thorn of your justice pierces my flesh, and sticks fast in me. Or, I am turned: that is, I am converted to you, my God, by being brought to a better understanding by your chastisements. In the Hebrew it is, my moisture is turned into the droughts of the summer.

31:5. I have acknowledged my sin to you, and my injustice I have not concealed. I said I will confess against myself my injustice to the Lord: and you have forgiven the wickedness of my sin.
31:6. For this shall every one that is holy pray to you in a seasonable time. And yet in a flood of many waters, they shall not come nigh unto him.
31:7. You are my refuge from the trouble which has encompassed me: my joy, deliver me from them that surround me.
31:8. I will give you understanding, and I will instruct you in this way, in which you shall go: I will fix my eyes upon you.
31:9. Do not become like the horse and the mule, who have no understanding. With bit and bridle bind fast their jaws, who come not near unto you.
31:10. Many are the scourges of the sinner, but mercy shall encompass him that hopes in the Lord.
31:11. Be glad in the Lord, and rejoice, you just, and glory, all you right of heart.

Psalms Chapter 32 / Psalm 32 (33 G)

Exultate, justi.

Give praise to the Lord on the harp; sing to Him with the psaltery, the instrument of ten strings.
Psalm 32:2

An exhortation to praise God, and to trust in him.

32:1. A psalm for David. Rejoice in the Lord, O you just: praise becomes the upright.
32:2. Give praise to the Lord on the harp; sing to Him with the psaltery, the instrument of ten strings.
32:3. Sing to Him a new canticle, sing well unto Him with a loud noise.
32:4. For the word of the Lord is right, and all His works are done with faithfulness.
32:5. He loves mercy and judgment; the earth is full of the mercy of the Lord.
32:6. By the word of the Lord the heavens were established; and all the power of them by the spirit of His mouth:
32:7. Gathering together the waters of the sea, as in a vessel; laying up the depths in storehouses.
32:8. Let all the earth fear the Lord, and let all the inhabitants of the world be in awe of him.
32:9. For He spoke and they were made: He commanded and they were created.
32:10. The Lord brings to naught the counsels of nations; and he rejects the devices of people, and casts away the counsels of princes.
32:11. But the counsel of the Lord stands forever: the thoughts of His heart to all generations.
32:12. Blessed is the nation whose God is the Lord: the people whom He has chosen for His inheritance.
32:13. The Lord has looked from Heaven: He has beheld all the sons of men.
32:14. From His habitation which He has prepared, He has looked upon all that dwell on the earth.
32:15. He who has made the hearts of every one of them: who understands all their works.
32:16. The king is not saved by a great army: nor shall the giant be saved by his own great strength.
32:17. Vain is the horse for safety: neither shall he be saved by the abundance of his strength.
32:18. Behold the eyes of the Lord are on them that fear Him: and on them that hope in His mercy.
32:19. To deliver their souls from death; and feed them in famine.
32:20. Our soul waits for the Lord: for He is our helper and protector.
32:21. For in Him our heart shall rejoice: and in His holy name we have trusted.
32:22. Let your mercy, O Lord, be upon us, as we have hooped in you.

Psalms Chapter 33 / Psalm 33 (34 G)

Benedicam Dominum.

An exhortation to the praise, and service of God.

33:1. For David, when he changed his countenance before Achimelech, who dismissed him, and he went his way.
[1 Kings 21.]
33:2. I will bless the Lord at all times, his praise shall be always in my mouth.
33:3. In the Lord shall my soul be praised: let the meek hear and rejoice.
33:4. O magnify the Lord with me; and let us extol his name together.
33:5. I sought the Lord, and he heard me; and he delivered me from all my troubles.
33:6. Come to him and be enlightened: and your faces shall not be confounded.
33:7. This poor man cried, and the Lord heard him: and saved him out of all his troubles.
33:8. The angel of the Lord shall encamp round about them that fear him: and shall deliver them.
33:9. O taste, and see that the Lord is sweet: blessed is the man that hopes in him.
33:10. Fear the Lord, all you his saints: for there is no want to them that fear him.
33:11. The rich have wanted, and have suffered hunger: but they that seek the Lord shall not be deprived of any good.
33:12. Come, children, hearken to me: I will teach you the fear of the Lord.
33:13. Who is the man that desires life: who lives to see good days?
33:14. Keep your tongue form evil, and your lips from speaking guile.
33:15. Turn away from evil and do good: seek after peace and pursue it.
33:16. The eyes of the Lord are upon the just: and his ears unto their prayers.
33:17. But the countenance of the Lord is against them that do evil things: to cut off the remembrance of them from the earth.
33:18. The just cried, and the Lord heard them: and delivered them out of all their troubles.
33:19. The Lord is nigh unto them that are of a contrite heart: and he will save the humble of spirit.
33:20. Many are the afflictions of the just; but out of them all will the Lord deliver them.
33:21. The Lord is nigh unto them that are of a contrite heart: and he will save the humble of spirit.
33:22. The death of the wicked is very evil: and they that hate the just shall be guilty.
33:23. The Lord will redeem the souls of his servants: and none of them that trust in him shall offend.

Psalms Chapter 34 / Psalm 34 (35 G)

Judica, Domine, nocentes me.

David prays against his persecutors: prophetically foreshowing the punishments that shall fall upon them.

34:1. For David himself. Judge you, O Lord, them that wrong me: overthrow them that fight against me.
34:2. Take hold of arms and shield: and rise up to help me.
34:3. Bring out the sword, and shut up the way against them that persecute me: say to my soul: I am your salvation.
34:4. Let them be confounded and ashamed that seek after my soul. Let them be turned back and be confounded that devise evil against me.
34:5. Let them become as dust before the wind: and let the angel of the Lord straiten them.
34:6. Let their way become dark and slippery; and let the angel of the Lord pursue them.
34:7. For without cause they have hidden their net for me unto destruction: without cause they have upbraided my soul.
34:8. Let the snare which he does not know come upon him: and let the net which he has hidden catch him: and into that very snare let them fall.
34:9. But my soul shall rejoice in the Lord; and shall be delighted in his salvation.
34:10. All my bones shall say: Lord, who is like to you? Who delivers the poor from the hand of them that are stronger than he; the needy and the poor from them that strip him.
34:11. Unjust witnesses rising up have asked me things I knew not.
34:12. They repaid me evil for good: to the depriving me of my soul.
34:13. But as for me, when they were troublesome to me, I was clothed with haircloth. I humbled my soul with fasting; and my prayer shall be turned into my bosom.
34:14. As a neighbor and as an own brother, so did I please: as one mourning and sorrowful so was I humbled.
34:15. But they rejoiced against me, and came together: scourges were gathered together upon me, and I knew not.
34:16. They were separated, and repented not: they tempted me, they scoffed at me with scorn: they gnashed upon me with their teeth.
34:17. Lord, when will you look upon me? rescue you my soul from their malice: my only one from the lions.
34:18. I will give thanks to you in a great church; I will praise you in a strong people.
34:19. Let not them that are my enemies wrongfully rejoice over me: who have hated me without cause, and wink with the eyes.
34:20. For they spoke indeed peaceably to me; and speaking in the anger of the earth they devised guile.
34:21. And they opened their mouth wide against me; they said: Well done, well done, our eyes have seen it.
34:22. You have seen, O Lord, be not you silent: O Lord, depart not from me.
34:23. Arise, and be attentive to my judgment: to my cause, my God, and my Lord.
34:24. Judge me, O Lord my God according to your justice, and let them not rejoice over me.
34:25. Let them not say in their hearts: It is well, it is well, to our mind: neither let them say: We have swallowed him up.
34:26. Let them blush: and be ashamed together, who rejoice at my evils. Let them be clothed with confusion and shame, who speak great things against me.
34:27. Let them rejoice and be glad, who are well pleased with my justice, and let them say always: The Lord be magnified, who delights in the peace of his servant.
34:28. And my tongue shall meditate your justice, your praise all the day long.

Psalms Chapter 35 / Psalm 35 (36 G)

Dixit injustus.

The malice of sinners, and the goodness of God.

35:1. Unto the end, for the servant of God, David himself.
35:2. The unjust has said within himself, that he would sin: there is no fear of God before his eyes.
35:3. For in his sight he has done deceitfully, that his iniquity may be found unto hatred.

Unto hatred. . .That is, hateful to God.

35:4. The words of his mouth are iniquity and guile: he would not understand that he might do well.
35:5. He has devised iniquity on his bed, he has set himself on every way that is not good: but evil he has not hated.
35:6. O Lord, your mercy is in heaven, and your truth reaches even to the clouds.
35:7. Your justice is as the mountains of God, your judgments are a great deep. Men and beasts you will preserve, O Lord:
35:8. O how have you multiplied your mercy, O God! But the children of men shall put their trust under the covert of your wings.
35:9. They shall be inebriated with the plenty of your house; and you shall make them drink of the torrent of your pleasure.
35:10. For with you is the fountain of life; and in your light we shall see light.
35:11. Extend your mercy to them that know you, and your justice to them that are right in heart.
35:12. Let not the foot of pride come to me, and let not the hand of the sinner move me.
35:13. There the workers of iniquity are fallen, they are cast out, and could not stand.

Psalms Chapter 36 / Psalm 36 (37 G)

Noli aemulari.

An exhortation to despise this world; and the short prosperity of the wicked; and to trust in Providence.

36:1. Be not emulous of evildoers; nor envy them that work iniquity.
Be subject to the Lord and pray to Him.
Psalm 36 (37 G) / Psalm 36:7
36:2. For they shall shortly wither away as grass, and as the green herbs shall quickly fall.
36:3. Trust in the Lord, and do good, and dwell in the land, and you shall be fed with its riches.
36:4. Delight in the Lord, and He will give you the requests of your heart.
36:5. Commit your way to the Lord, and trust in Him, and He will do it.
36:6. He will bring forth your justice as the light, and your judgment as the noonday.
36:7. Be subject to the Lord and pray to Him. Envy not the man who prospers in his way; the man who does unjust things.
36:8. Cease from anger, and leave rage; have no emulation to do evil.
36:9. For evildoers shall be cut off: but they that wait upon the Lord, they shall inherit the land.
36:10. For yet a little while, and the wicked shall not be: and you shall seek his place, and shall not find it.
36:11. But the meek shall inherit the land, and shall delight in abundance of peace.
36:12. The sinner shall watch the just man: and shall gnash upon him with his teeth.
36:13. But the Lord shall laugh at him: for He foresees that his day shall come.
36:14. The wicked have drawn out the sword: they have bent their bow. To cast down the poor and needy, to kill the upright of heart.
36:15. Let their sword enter into their own hearts, and let their bow be broken.
36:16. Better is a little to the just, than the great riches of the wicked.
36:17. For the arms of the wicked shall be broken in pieces; but the Lord strengthens the just.
36:18. The Lord knows the days of the undefiled; and their inheritance shall be forever.
36:19. They shall not be confounded in the evil time; and in the days of famine they shall be filled:
36:20. Because the wicked shall perish. The enemies of the Lord, presently after they shall be honored and exalted, shall come to nothing and vanish like smoke.
36:21. The sinner shall borrow, and not pay again; but the just shows mercy and shall give.
36:22. For such as bless him shall inherit the land: but such as curse him shall perish.
36:23. With the Lord shall the steps of a man be directed, and he shall like well his way.
36:24. When he shall fall he shall not be bruised, for the Lord puts His hand under him.
36:25. I have been young and now am old; and I have not seen the just forsaken, nor his seed seeking bread.
36:26. He shows mercy, and lends all day long; and his seed shall be in blessing.
36:27. Decline from evil and do good, and dwell forever and ever.
36:28. For the Lord loves judgment, and will not forsake His saints: they shall be preserved forever. The unjust shall be punished, and the seed of the wicked shall perish.
36:29. But the just shall inherit the land, and shall dwell therein forevermore.
36:30. The mouth of the just shall meditate wisdom: and his tongue shall speak judgment.
36:31. The law of his God is in his heart, and his steps shall not be supplanted.
36:32. The wicked watches the just man, and seeks to put him to death,
36:33. but the Lord will not leave him in his hands; nor condemn him when he shall be judged.
36:34. Expect the Lord and keep His way: and He will exalt you to inherit the land: when the sinners shall perish you shall see.
36:35. I have seen the wicked highly exalted, and lifted up like the cedars of Lebanon.
36:36. I passed by, and lo, he was not: and I sought him and his place was not found.
36:37. Keep innocence, and behold justice: for there are remnants for the peaceable man.
36:38. But the unjust shall be destroyed together: the remnants of the wicked shall perish.
36:39. But the salvation of the just is from the Lord, and He is their protector in the time of trouble.
36:40. The Lord will help them and deliver them: and He will rescue them from the wicked, and save them because they have hoped in Him.

Psalms Chapter 37 / Psalm 37 (38 G)

Domine, ne in furore.

A prayer of a penitent for the remission of his sins. The third penitential psalm.

37:1. A psalm for David, for a remembrance of the Sabbath.

For a remembrance. . .Viz., of our miseries and sins: and to be sung on the Sabbath day.

37:2. Rebuke me not, O Lord, in your indignation; nor chastise me in your wrath.
37:3. For your arrows are fastened in me: and your hand has been strong upon me.
37:4. There is no health in my flesh, because of your wrath: there is no peace for my bones, because of my sins.
37:5. For my iniquities are gone over my head: and as a heavy burden are become heavy upon me.
37:6. My sores are putrefied and corrupted, because of my foolishness.
37:7. I am become miserable, and am bowed down even to the end: I walked sorrowful all the day long.
37:8. For my loins are filled with illusions; and there is no health in my flesh.
37:9. I am afflicted and humbled exceedingly: I roared with the groaning of my heart.
37:10. Lord, all my desire is before you, and my groaning is not hidden from you.
37:11. My heart is troubled, my strength has left me, and the light of my eyes itself is not with me.
37:12. My friends and my neighbors have drawn near, and stood against me. And they that were near me stood afar off:
37:13. And they that sought my soul used violence. And they that sought evils to me spoke vain things, and studied deceits all the day long.
37:14. But I, as a deaf man, heard not: and as a dumb man not opening his mouth.
37:15. And I became as a man that does not hear: and that has no reproofs in his mouth.
37:16. For in you, O Lord, have I hoped: you will hear me, O Lord my God.
37:17. For I said: Lest at any time my enemies rejoice over me: and while my feet are moved, they speak great things against me.
37:18. For I am ready for scourges: and my sorrow is continually before me.
37:19. For I will declare my iniquity: and I will think for my sin.
37:20. But my enemies live, and are stronger than I: and they that hate me wrongfully are multiplied.
37:21. They that render evil for good, have detracted me, because I followed goodness.
37:22. For sake me not, O Lord my God: do not you depart from me.
37:23. Attend unto my help, O Lord, the God of my salvation.

Psalms Chapter 38 / Psalm 38 (39 G)

Dixi custodiam.

A just man's peace and patience in his sufferings; considering the vanity of the world, and the providence of God.

38:1. Unto the end, for Idithun himself, a canticle of David.
38:2. I said: I will take heed to my ways: that I sin not with my tongue. I have set a guard to my mouth, when the sinner stood against me.
38:3. I was dumb, and was humbled, and kept silence from good things: and my sorrow was renewed.
38:4. My heart grew hot within me: and in my meditation a fire shall flame out.
38:5. I spoke with my tongue: O Lord, make me know my end. And what is the number of my days: that I may know what is wanting to me.
38:6. Behold you have made my days measurable. and my substance is as nothing before you. And indeed all things are vanity: every man living.
38:7. Surely man passes as an image: yea, and he is disquieted in vain. He stores up: and he does not know for whom he shall gather these things.
38:8. And now what is my hope? is it not the Lord? and my substance is with you.
38:9. Deliver you me from all my iniquities: you have made me a reproach to the fool.
38:10. I was dumb, and I opened not my mouth, because you have done it.
38:11. Remove your scourges from me. The strength of your hand has made me faint in rebukes:
38:12. You have corrected man for iniquity. And you have made his soul to waste away like a spider: surely in vain is any man disquieted.
38:13. Hear my prayer, O Lord, and my supplication: give ear to my tears. Be no silent: for I am a stranger with you, and a sojourner as all my fathers were.
38:14. O forgive me, that I may be refreshed, before I go hence, and be no more.

Psalms Chapter 39 / Psalm 39 (40 G)

Expectans expectavi.

Christ's coming, and redeeming mankind.

39:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David himself.
39:2. With expectation I have waited for the Lord, and he was attentive to me.
39:3. And he heard my prayers, and brought me out of the pit of misery and the mire of dregs. And he set my feet upon a rock, and directed my steps.
39:4. And he put a new canticle into my mouth, a song to our God. Many shall see, and shall fear: and they shall hope in the Lord.
39:5. Blessed is the man whose trust is in the name of the Lord; and who has not had regard to vanities, and lying follies.
39:6. You have multiplied your wonderful works, O Lord my God: and in your thoughts there is no one like to you. I have declared and I have spoken they are multiplied above number.
39:7. Sacrifice and oblation you did not desire; but you have pierced ears for me. Burnt offering and sin offering you did not require:
39:8. Then said I, Behold I come. In the head of the book it is written of me
39:9. That I should do your will: O my God, I have desired it, and your law in the midst of my heart.
39:10. I have declared your justice in a great church, lo, I will not restrain my lips: O Lord, you know it.
39:11. I have not hid your justice within my heart: I have declared your truth and your salvation. I have not concealed your mercy and your truth from a great council.
39:12. Withhold not you, O Lord, your tender mercies from me: your mercy and your truth have always upheld me.
39:13. For evils without number have surrounded me; my iniquities have overtaken me, and I was not able to see. They are multiplied above the hairs of my head: and my heart has forsaken me.

My iniquities. . .That is, the sins of all mankind, which I have taken upon me.

39:14. Be pleased, O Lord, to deliver me. look down, O Lord, to help me.
39:15. Let them be confounded and ashamed together, that seek after my soul to take it away. Let them be turned backward and be ashamed that desire evils to me.
39:16. Let them immediately bear their confusion, that say to me: 'T is well, t' is well.

'T is well. . .The Hebrew here is an interjection of insult and derision, like the Vah. Matt. 27.49.

39:17. Let all that seek you rejoice and be glad in you: and let such as love your salvation say always: The Lord be magnified.
39:18. But I am a beggar and poor: the Lord is careful for me. You are my helper and my protector: O my God, be not slack.

Psalms Chapter 40 / Psalm 40 (41 G)

Beatus qui intelligit.

The happiness of him that shall believe in Christ; notwithstanding the humility and poverty in which he shall come: the malice of his enemies, especially of the traitor Judas.

40:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David himself.
40:2. Blessed is he that understands concerning the needy and the poor: the Lord will deliver him in the evil day.
40:3. The Lord preserve him and give him life, and make him blessed upon the earth: and deliver him not up to the will of his enemies.
40:4. The Lord help him on his bed of sorrow: you have turned all his couch in his sickness.
40:5. I said: O Lord, be you merciful to me: heal my soul, for I have sinned against you.
40:6. My enemies have spoken evils against me: when shall he die and his name perish?
40:7. And if he came in to see me, he spoke vain things: his heart gathered together iniquity to itself. He went out and spoke to the same purpose.
40:8. All my enemies whispered together against me: they devised evils to me.
40:9. They determined against me an unjust word: shall he that sleeps rise again no more?
40:10. For even the man of my peace, in whom I trusted, who ate my bread, has greatly supplanted me.
40:11. But you, O Lord, have mercy on me, and raise me up again: and I will requite them.
40:12. By this I know, that you have had a good will for me: because my enemy shall not rejoice over me.
40:13. But you have upheld me by reason of my innocence: and have established me in your sight forever.
40:14. Blessed be the Lord the God of Israel from eternity to eternity. So be it. So be it.

Psalms Chapter 41 / Psalm 41 (42 G)

Quemadmodum desiderat.

The fervent desire of the just after God: hope in afflictions.

41:1. Unto the end, understanding for the sons of Core.
41:2. As the hart pants after the fountains of water; so my soul pants after you, O God.
41:3. My soul has thirsted after the strong living God; when shall I come and appear before the face of God?
41:4. My tears have been my bread day and night, while it is said to me daily: Where is your God?
41:5. These things I remembered, and poured out my soul in me: for I shall go over into the place of the wonderful tabernacle, even to the house of God: With the voice of joy and praise; the noise of one feasting.
41:6. Why are you sad, O my soul? and why do you trouble me? Hope in God, for I will still give praise to him: the salvation of my countenance,
41:7. And my God. My soul is troubled within myself: therefore will I remember you from the land of Jordan and Hermoniim, from the little hill.
41:8. Deep calls on deep, at the noise of your flood-gates. All your heights and your billows have passed over me.
41:9. In the daytime the Lord has commanded his mercy; and a canticle to him in the night. With me is prayer to the God of my life.
41:10. I will say to God: You are my support. Why have you forgotten me? and why go I mourning, while my enemy afflicts me?
41:11. While my bones are broken, my enemies who trouble me have reproached me; While they say to me day by day: Where is your God?
41:12. Why are you cast down, O my soul? and why do you disquiet me? Hope you in God, for I will still give praise to him: the salvation of my countenance, and my God.

Psalms Chapter 42 / Psalm 42 (43 G)

Judica me, Deus.

The prophet aspireth after the temple and altar of God.

42:1. A psalm for David. Judge me, O God, and distinguish my cause from the nation that is not holy: deliver me from the unjust and deceitful man.
42:2. For you are God my strength: why have you cast me off? and why do I go sorrowful while the enemy afflicts me?
42:3. Sent forth your light and your truth: they have conducted me, and brought me unto your holy hill, and into your tabernacles.
42:4. And I will go in to the altar of God: to God who gives joy to my youth.
42:5. To you, O God my God, I will give praise upon the harp: why are you sad, O my soul? and why do you disquiet me?
42:6. Hope in God, for I will still give praise to him: the salvation of my countenance, and my God.

Psalms Chapter 43 / Psalm 43 (44 G)

Deus auribus nostris.

The church commemorates former favors, and present afflictions; under which she prays for succor.

43:1. Unto the end, for the sons of Core, to give understanding.
43:2. We have heard, O God, with our ears: our fathers have declared to us, The work you have wrought in their days, and in the days of old.
43:3. Your hand destroyed the Gentiles, and you planted them: you afflicted the people and cast them out.
43:4. For they did not get the possession of the land by their own sword: neither did their own arm save them. But your right hand and your arm, and the light of your countenance: because you were pleased with them.
43:5. You are yourself my king and my God, who commands the saving of Jacob.
43:6. Through you we will push down our enemies with the horn: and through your name we will despise them that rise up against us.
43:7. For I will not trust in my bow: neither shall my sword save me.
43:8. But you have saved us from them that afflict us: and have put them to shame that hate us.
43:9. In God shall we glory all day long: and in your name we will give praise forever.
43:10. But now you have cast us off, and put us to shame: and you, O God, will not go out with our armies.
43:11. You have made us turn our back to our enemies: and they that hated us plundered for themselves.
43:12. You have given us up like sheep to be eaten: you have scattered us among the nations.
43:13. You have sold your people for no price: and there was no reckoning in the exchange of them.
43:14. You have made us a reproach to our neighbors, a scoff and derision to them that are round about us.
43:15. You have made us a byword among the Gentiles: a shaking of the head among the people.
43:16. All day long my shame is before me: and the confusion of my face has covered me,
43:17. At the voice of him that reproaches and detracts me: at the face of the enemy and persecutor.
43:18. All these things have come upon us, yet we have not forgotten you: and we have not done wickedly in your covenant.
43:19. And our heart has not turned back: neither have you turned aside our steps from your way.
43:20. For you have humbled us in the place of affliction: and the shadow of death has covered us.
43:21. If we have forgotten the name of our God, and if we have spread forth our hands to a strange god:
43:22. Shall not God search out these things: for he knows the secrets of the heart. Because for your sake we are killed all day long: we are counted as sheep for the slaughter.
43:23. Arise, why do you sleep, O Lord? arise, and cast us not off to the end.
43:24. Why do you turn your face away and forget our want and our trouble?
43:25. For our soul is humbled down to the dust: our belly sticks to the earth.
43:26. Arise, O Lord, help us and redeem us for your name's sake.

Psalms Chapter 44 / Psalm 44 (45 G)

Eructavit cor meum.

The excellence of Christ's kingdom, and the endowments of his church.

44:1. Unto the end, for them that shall be changed, for the sons of Core, for understanding. A canticle for the Beloved.

For them that shall be changed. . .i.e., for souls happily changed, by being converted to God.--Ibid. The Beloved. . .Viz., Our Lord Jesus Christ.

44:2. My heart has uttered a good word: I speak my works to the king: My tongue is the pen of a scrivener that writes swiftly.
44:3. You are beautiful above the sons of men: grace is poured abroad in your lips; therefore has God blessed you forever.
44:4. Gird your sword upon your thigh, O you most mighty.
44:5. With your comeliness and your beauty set out, proceed prosperously, and reign. Because of truth and meekness and justice: and your right hand shall conduct you wonderfully.
44:6. Your arrows are sharp: under you shall people fall, into the hearts of the king's enemies.
44:7. Your throne, O God, is forever and ever: the scepter of your kingdom is a scepter of uprightness.
44:8. You have loved justice, and hated iniquity: therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness above your fellows.
44:9. Myrrh and stacte and cassia perfume your garments, from the ivory houses: out of which
44:10. The daughters of kings have delighted you in your glory. The queen stood on your right hand, in gilded clothing; surrounded with variety.
44:11. Hearken, O daughter, and see, and incline your ear: and forget your people and your father's house.
44:12. And the king shall greatly desire your beauty; for he is the Lord your God, and him they shall adore.
44:13. And the daughters of Tyre with gifts, yea, all the rich among the people, shall entreat your countenance.
44:14. All the glory of the king's daughter is within in golden borders,
44:15. Clothed round about with varieties. After her shall virgins be brought to the king: her neighbors shall be brought to you.
44:16. They shall be brought with gladness and rejoicing: they shall be brought into the temple of the king.
44:17. Instead of your fathers, sons are born to you: you shall make them princes over all the earth.
44:18. They shall remember your name throughout all generations. Therefore shall people praise you forever; yea, forever and ever.

Psalms Chapter 45 / Psalm 45 (46 G)

Our God is our refuge and strength...
Psalms 45:2

Deus noster refugium.

The church in persecution trusts in the protection of God.

45:1. Unto the end, for the sons of Core, for the hidden.
45:2. Our God is our refuge and strength: a helper in troubles, which have found us exceedingly.
45:3. Therefore we will not fear, when the earth shall be troubled; and the mountains shall be removed into the heart of the sea.
45:4. Their waters roared and were troubled: the mountains were troubled with his strength.
45:5. The stream of the river makes the city of God joyful: the most High has sanctified his own tabernacle.
45:6. God is in the midst thereof, it shall not be moved: God will help it in the morning early.
45:7. Nations were troubled, and kingdoms were bowed down: he uttered his voice, the earth trembled.
45:8. The Lord of armies is with us: the God of Jacob is our protector.
45:9. Come and behold the works of the Lord: what wonders he has done upon earth,
45:10. Making wars to cease even to the end of the earth. He shall destroy the bow, and break the weapons: and the shield he shall burn in the fire.
45:11. Be still and see that I am God; I will be exalted among the nations, and I will be exalted in the earth.
45:12. The Lord of armies is with us: the God of Jacob is our protector.

Psalms Chapter 46 / Psalm 46 (47 G)

Omnes gentes, plaudite.

The Gentiles are invited to praise God for the establishment of the kingdom of Christ.

46:1. Unto the end, for the sons of Core.
46:2. O clap your hands, all you nations: shout unto God with the voice of joy,
46:3. For the Lord is high, terrible: a great king over all the earth.
46:4. He has subdued the people under us; and the nations under our feet.
46:5. He has chosen for us his inheritance, the beauty of Jacob which he has love.
46:6. God is ascended with jubilee, and the Lord with the sound of trumpet.
46:7. Sing praises to our God, sing! Sing praises to our king, sing!
46:8. For God is the king of all the earth: sing wisely.
46:9. God shall reign over the nations: God sits on his holy throne.
46:10. The princes of the people are gathered together, with the God of Abraham: for the strong gods of the earth are exceedingly exalted.

Psalms Chapter 47 / Psalm 47 (48 G)

Magnus Dominus.

God is greatly to be praised for the establishment of his church.

47:1. A psalm of a canticle, for the sons of Core, on the second day of the week.
47:2. Great is the Lord, and exceedingly to be praised in the city of our God, in his holy mountain.
47:3. With the joy of the whole earth is mount Zion founded, on the sides of the north, the city of the great king.
47:4. In her houses shall God be known, when he shall protect her.
47:5. For behold the kings of the earth assembled themselves: they gathered together.
47:6. So they saw, and they wondered, they were troubled, they were moved:
47:7. Trembling took hold of them. There were pains as of a woman in labor.
47:8. With a vehement wind you shall break in pieces the ships of Tarshish.
47:9. As we have heard, so have we seen, in the city of the Lord of hosts, in the city of our God: God has founded it forever.
47:10. We have received your mercy, O God, in the midst of your temple.
47:11. According to your name, O God, so also is your praise unto the ends of the earth: your right hand is full of justice.
47:12. Let mount Zion rejoice, and the daughters of Judah be glad; because of your judgments, O Lord.
47:13. Surround Zion, and encompass her: tell lye in her towers.
47:14. Set your hearts on her strength; and distribute her houses, that you may relate it in another generation.
47:15. For this is God, our God unto eternity, and forever and ever: he shall rule us forevermore.

Psalms Chapter 48 / Psalm 48 (49 G)

Audite haec, omnes gentes.

The folly of worldlings, who live on in sin, without thinking of death or hell.

48:1. Unto the end, a psalm for the sons of Core.
48:2. Hear these things, all you nations: give ear, all you inhabitants of the world.
48:3. All you that are earthborn, and you sons of men: both rich and poor together.
48:4. My mouth shall speak wisdom: and the meditation of my heart understanding.
48:5. I will incline my ear to a parable; I will open my proposition on the psaltery.
48:6. Why shall I fear in the evil day? the iniquity of my heel shall encompass me.

The iniquity of my heel. . .That is, the iniquity of my steps or ways: or the iniquity of my pride, with which as with the heel, I have spurned and kicked at my neighbors: or the iniquity of my heel, that is, the iniquity in which I shall be found in death. The meaning of this verse is, Why should I now indulge those passions and sinful affections, or commit now those sins, which will cause me so much fear and anguish in the evil day; when the sorrows of death shall compass me, and the perils of hell shall find me?

48:7. They that trust in their own strength, and glory in the multitude of their riches,

They that trust, etc. . .As much as to say, let them fear that trust in their strength or riches: for they have great reason to fear: seeing no brother or other man, how much a friend soever, can by any price or labor rescue them from death.

48:8. No brother can redeem, nor shall man redeem: he shall not give to God his ransom,
48:9. Nor the price of the redemption of his soul: and shall labor forever,

And shall labor forever, etc. . .This seems to be a continuation of the foregoing sentence: as much as to say no man can by any price or ransom prolong his life, that so he may still continue to labor here, and live to the end of the world. Others understand it of the eternal sorrows, and dying life of hell, which is the dreadful consequence of dying in sin.

48:10. And shall still live unto the end.
48:11. He shall not see destruction, when he shall see the wise dying: the senseless and the fool shall perish together: And they shall leave their riches to strangers:

He shall not see destruction, etc. . .Or, shall he not see destruction? As much as to say, however thoughtless he may be of his death, he must not expect to escape; when even the wise and the good are not exempt from dying.

48:12. And their sepulchres shall be their houses forever. Their dwelling places to all generations: they have called their lands by their names.

They have called, etc. . .That is, they have left their names on their graves, which alone remain of their lands.

48:13. And man when he was in honor did not understand; he is compared to senseless beasts, and is become like to them.
48:14. This way of theirs is a stumbling block to them: and afterwards they shall delight in their mouth.

They shall delight in their mouth. . .Notwithstanding the wretched way in which they walk, they shall applaud themselves with their mouths, and glory in their doings.

48:15. They are laid in hell like sheep: death shall feed upon them. And the just shall have dominion over them in the morning; and their help shall decay in hell from their glory.

In the morning. . .That is, in the resurrection to a new life; when the just shall judge and condemn the wicked. Ibid. From their glory. . .That is, when their short-lived glory in this world shall be past, and be no more.

48:16. But God will redeem my soul from the hand of hell, when he shall receive me.
48:17. Be not you afraid, when a man shall be made rick, and when the glory of his house shall be increased.
48:18. For when he shall die he shall take nothing away; nor shall his glory descend with him.
48:19. For in his lifetime his soul will be blessed: and he will praise you when you shall do well to him.
48:20. He shall go in to the generations of his fathers: and he shall never see light.
48:21. Man when he was in honor did not understand: he has been compared to senseless beasts, and made like to them.

Psalms Chapter 49 / Psalm 49 (50 G)

Deus deorum.

The coming of Christ: who prefers virtue and inward purity before the blood of victims.

49:1. A psalm for Asaph. The God of gods, the Lord has spoken: and he has called the earth. From the rising of the sun, to its setting:
49:2. Out of Zion the loveliness of his beauty.
49:3. God shall come manifestly: our God shall come, and shall not keep silence. A fire shall burn before him: and a mighty tempest shall be round about him.
49:4. He shall call heaven from above, and the earth, to judge his people.
49:5. Gather together his saints to him: who set his covenant before sacrifices.
49:6. And the heavens shall declare his justice: for God is judge.
49:7. Hear, O my people, and I will speak: O Israel, and I will testify to you: I am God, your God.
49:8. I will not reprove you for your sacrifices: and your burnt offerings are always in my sight.
49:9. I will not take calves out of your house: nor he goats out of your flocks.
49:10. For all the beasts of the woods are mine: the cattle on the hills, and the oxen.
49:11. I know all the fowls of the air: and with me is the beauty of the field.
49:12. If I should be hungry, I would not tell you: for the world is mine, and the fullness thereof.
49:13. Shall I eat the flesh of bullocks? or shall I drink the blood of goats?
49:14. Offer to God the sacrifice of praise: and pay your vows to the most High.
49:15. And call upon me in the day of trouble: I will deliver you, and you shall glorify me.
49:16. But to the sinner God has said: Why do you declare my justices, and take my covenant in your mouth?
49:17. Seeing you have hated discipline: and have cast my words behind you.
49:18. If you saw a thief you ran with him: and with adulterers you have been a partaker.
49:19. Your mouth has abounded with evil, and your tongue framed deceits.
49:20. Sitting you spoke against your brother, and laid a scandal against your mother's son:
49:21. These things have you done, and I was silent. You thought unjustly that I should be like to you: but I will reprove you, and set before your face.
49:22. Understand these things, you that forget God; lest he snatch you away, and there be none to deliver you.
49:23. The sacrifice of praise shall glorify me: and there is the way by which I will show him the salvation of God.

Psalms Chapter 50 / Psalm 50 (51 G)

Have mercy on me, O God ...
The repentance of King David
2 Samuel 12

Miserere.

The repentance and confession of David after his sin. The fourth penitential psalm.

50:1. Unto the end, a psalm of David,
50:2. When Nathan the prophet came to him, after he had sinned with Bathsheba.
50:3. Have mercy on me, O God, according to your great mercy. And according to the multitude of your tender mercies blot out my iniquity.
50:4. Wash me yet more from my iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin.
50:5. For I know my iniquity, and my sin is always before me.
50:6. To you only have I sinned, and have done evil before you: that you may be justified in your words, and may overcome when you are judged.
50:7. For behold I was conceived in iniquities; and in sins did my mother conceive me.
50:8. For behold you have loved truth: the uncertain and hidden things of your wisdom you have made manifest to me.
50:9. You shall sprinkle me with hyssop, and I shall be cleansed: you shall wash me, and I shall be made whiter than snow.
50:10. To my hearing you shall give joy and gladness: and the bones that have been humbled shall rejoice.
50:11. Turn away your face from my sins, and blot out all my iniquities.
50:12. Create a clean heart in me, O God: and renew a right spirit within my soul.
50:13. Cast me not away from your face; and take not your holy spirit from me.
50:14. Restore unto me the joy of your salvation, and strengthen me with a perfect spirit.
50:15. I will teach the unjust your ways: and the wicked shall be converted to you.
50:16. Deliver me from blood, O God, you God of my salvation: and my tongue shall extol your justice.
50:17. O Lord, you will open my lips: and my mouth shall declare your praise.
50:18. For if you had desired sacrifice, I would indeed have given it: with burnt offerings you will not be delighted.
50:19. A sacrifice to God is an afflicted spirit: a contrite and humbled heart, O God, you will not despise.
50:20. Deal favorably, O Lord, in your good will with Zion; that the walls of Jerusalem may be built up.
50:21. Then shall you accept the sacrifice of justice, oblations and whole burnt offerings: then shall they lay calves upon your altar.

Psalms Chapter 51 / Psalm 51 (52 G)

Quid gloriaris.

David condemns the wickedness of Doeg, and foretells his destruction.

51:1. Unto the end, understanding for David,
51:2. When Doeg the Edomite came and told Saul: David went to the house of Achimelech.
51:3. Why do you glory in malice, you that are mighty in iniquity?
51:4. All the day long your tongue has devised injustice: as a sharp razor, you have wrought deceit.
51:5. You have loved malice more than goodness: and iniquity rather than to speak righteousness.
51:6. You have loved all the words of ruin, O deceitful tongue.
51:7. Therefore will God destroy you forever: he will pluck you out, and remove you from your dwelling place: and your root out of the land of the living.
51:8. The just shall see and fear, and shall laugh at him, and say:
51:9. Behold the man that made not God his helper: But trusted in the abundance of his riches: and prevailed in his vanity.
51:10. But I, as a fruitful olive tree in the house of God, have hoped in the mercy of God forever, yea forever and ever.
51:11. I will praise you forever, because you have done it: and I will wait on your name, for it is good in the sight of your saints.

Psalms Chapter 52 / Psalm 52 (53 G)

Dixit insipiens.

The general corruption of man before the coming of Christ.

52:1. Unto the end, for Maeleth, understandings to David. The fool said in his heart: There is no God.

Maeleth. . .Or Machalath. A musical instrument, or a chorus of musicians, for St. Jerome renders it, per chorum.

52:2. They are corrupted, and become abominable in iniquities: there is none that does good.
52:3. God looked down from heaven on the children of men: to see if there were any that did understand, or did seek God.
52:4. All have gone aside, they are become unprofitable together, there is none that does good, no not one.
52:5. Shall not all the workers of iniquity know, who eat up my people as they eat bread?
52:6. They have not called upon God: there have they trembled for fear, where there was no fear. For God has scattered the bones of them that please men: they have been confounded, because God has despised them.

God has scattered the bones, etc. . .That is, God has brought to nothing the strength of all those that seek to please men, to the prejudice of their duty to their Maker.

52:7. Who will give out of Zion the salvation of Israel? when God shall bring back the captivity of his people, Jacob shall rejoice, and Israel shall be glad.

Psalms Chapter 53 / Psalm 53 (54 G)

Deus, in nomine tuo.

A prayer for help in distress.

53:1. Unto the end, in verses, understanding for David.
53:2. When the children of Ziph had come and said to Saul: Is not David hidden with us?
[1 Kings 23.19]
53:3. Save me, O God, by your name, and judge me in your strength.
53:4. O God, hear my prayer: give ear to the words of my mouth.
53:5. For strangers have risen up against me; and the mighty have sought after my soul: and they have not set God before their eyes.
53:6. For behold God is my helper: and the Lord is the protector of my soul.
53:7. Turn back the evils upon my enemies; and cut them off in your truth.
53:8. I will freely sacrifice to you, and will give praise, O God, to your name: because it is good:
53:9. For you have delivered me out of all trouble: and my eye has looked down upon my enemies.

Psalms Chapter 54 / Psalm 54 (55 G)

Exaudi, Deus.

A prayer of a just man under persecution from the wicked. It agrees to Christ persecuted by the Jews, and betrayed by Judas.

54:1. Unto the end, in verses, understanding for David.
54:2. Hear, O God, my prayer, and despise not my supplication:
54:3. Be attentive to me and hear me. I am grieved in my exercise; and am troubled,
54:4. At the voice of the enemy, and at the tribulation of the sinner. For they have cast iniquities upon me: and in wrath they were troublesome to me.
54:5. My heart is troubled within me: and the fear of death is fallen upon me.
54:6. Fear and trembling are come upon me: and darkness has covered me.
54:7. And I said: Who will give me wings like a dove, and I will fly and be at rest?
54:8. Lo, I have gone far off flying away; and I abode in the wilderness.
54:9. I waited for him that has saved me from pusillanimity of spirit, and a storm.
54:10. Cast down, O Lord, and divide their tongues; for I have seen iniquity and contradiction in the city.
54:11. Day and night shall iniquity surround it upon its walls: and in the midst thereof are labor,
54:12. And injustice. And usury and deceit have not departed from its streets.
54:13. For if my enemy had reviled me, I would verily have borne with it. And if he that hated me had spoken great things against me, I would perhaps have hidden my self from him.
54:14. But you a man of one mind, my guide, and my familiar,
54:15. Who took sweetmeats together with me: in the house of God we walked with consent.
54:16. Let death come upon them, and let them go down alive into hell. For there is wickedness in their dwellings: in the midst of them.

Let death, etc. . .This, and such like imprecations which occur in the psalms, are delivered prophetically; that is, by way of foretelling the punishments which shall fall upon the wicked from divine justice, and approving the righteous ways of God: but not by way of ill will, or uncharitable curses, which the law of God disallows.

54:17. But I have cried to God: and the Lord will save me.
54:18. Evening and morning, and at noon I will speak and declare: and he shall hear my voice.
54:19. He shall redeem my soul in peace from them that draw near to me: for among many they were with me.

Among many, etc. . .That is, they that drew near to attack me were many in company all combined to fight against me.</div>

54:20. God shall hear, and the Eternal shall humble them. For there is no change with them, and they have not feared God:
54:21. He has stretched forth his hand to repay. They have defiled his covenant,
54:22. They are divided by the wrath of his countenance, and his heart has drawn near. His words are smoother than oil, and the same are darts.

They are divided, etc. . .Dispersed, scattered, and brought to nothing, by the wrath of God; who looks with indignation on their wicked and deceitful ways.

54:23. Cast your care upon the Lord, and he shall sustain you: he shall not suffer the just to waver forever.
54:24. But you, O God, shall bring them down into the pit of destruction. Bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their days; but I will trust in you, O Lord.

Psalms Chapter 55 / Psalm 55 (56 G)

Miserere mei, Deus.

A prayer of David in danger and distress.

55:1. Unto the end, for a people that is removed at a distance form the sanctuary: for David, for an inscription of a title (or pillar) when the Philistines held him in Geth.
55:2. Have mercy on me, O God, for man has trodden me under foot; all day long he has afflicted me fighting against me.
55:3. My enemies have trodden on me all day long; for they are many that make war against me.
55:4. From the height of the day I shall fear: but I will trust in you.

The height of the day. . .That is, even at noonday, when the sun is the highest, I am still in danger.

55:5. In God I will praise my words, in God I have put my trust: I will not fear what flesh can do against me.

My words. . .The words or promises God has made in my favor.

55:6. All the day long they detested my words: all their thoughts were against me unto evil.
55:7. They will dwell and hide themselves: they will watch my heel. As they have waited for my soul,
55:8. For nothing shall you save them: in your anger you shall break the people in pieces. O God,

For nothing shall you save them. . .That is, since they lie in wait to ruin my soul, you shall for no consideration favor or assist them, but execute your justice upon them.

55:9. I have declared to you my life: you have set me tears in your sight, As also in your promise.
55:10. Then shall my enemies be turned back. In whatever day I shall call upon you, behold I know you are my God.
55:11. In God will I praise the word, in the Lord will I praise his speech. In God have I hoped, I will not fear what man can do to me.
55:12. In me, O God, are vows to you, which I will pay, praises to you:
55:13. Because you have delivered my soul from death, my feet from falling: that I may please in the sight of God, in the light of the living.

Psalms Chapter 56 / Psalm 56 (57 G)

Miserere mei, Deus.

The prophet prays in his affliction, and praises God for his delivery.

56:1. Unto the end, destroy not, for David, for an inscription of a title, when he fled from Saul into the cave. [1 Kings 24.]

Destroy not. . .Suffer me not to be destroyed.

56:2. Have mercy on me, O God, have mercy on me: for my soul trusts in you. And in the shadow of your wings will I hope, until iniquity pass away.
56:3. I will cry to God the most high; to God who has done good to me.
56:4. He has sent from heaven and delivered me: he has made them a reproach that trod upon me. God has sent his mercy and his truth,
56:5. And he has delivered my soul from the midst of the young lions. I slept troubled. The sons of men, whose teeth are weapons and arrows, and their tongue a sharp sword.
56:6. Be you exalted, O God, above the heavens, and your glory above all the earth.
56:7. They prepared a snare for my feet; and they bowed down my soul. They dug a pit before my face, and they are fallen into it.
56:8. My heart is ready, O God, my heart is ready: I will sing, and rehearse a psalm.
56:9. Arise, O my glory, arise psaltery and harp: I will arise early.
56:10. I will give praise to you, O Lord, among the people: I will sing a psalm to you among the nations.
56:11. For your mercy is magnified even to the heavens: and your truth unto the clouds.
56:12. Be you exalted, O God, above the heavens: and your glory above all the earth.

Psalms Chapter 57 / Psalm 57 (58 G)

Si vere utique.

David reproves the wicked, and foretells their punishment.

57:1. Unto the end, destroy not, for David, for an inscription of a title.
57:2. If in very deed you speak justice: judge right things, sons of men.
57:3. For in your heart you work iniquity: your hands forge injustice in the earth.
57:4. The wicked are alienated from the womb; they have gone astray from the womb: they have spoken false things.
57:5. Their madness is according to the likeness of a serpent: like the deaf asp that stops her ears:
57:6. Which will not hear the voice of the charmers; nor of the wizard that charms wisely.
57:7. God shall break in pieces their teeth in their mouth: the Lord shall break the grinders of the lions.
57:8. They shall come to nothing, like water running down; he has bent his bow till they be weakened.
57:9. Like wax that melts they shall be taken away: fire has fallen on them, and they shall not see the sun.
57:10. Before your thorns could know the brier; he swallows them up, as alive, in his wrath.

Before your thorns, etc. . .That is, before your thorns grow up, so as to become strong briers, they shall be overtaken and consumed by divine justice, swallowing them up, as it were, alive in his wrath.

57:11. The just shall rejoice when he shall see the revenge: he shall wash his hands in the blood of the sinner.

Shall wash his hands, etc. . .Shall applaud the justice of God, and take occasion from the consideration of the punishment of the wicked to wash and cleanse his hands from sin.

57:12. And man shall say: If indeed there be fruit to the just: there is indeed a God that judges them on the earth.

Psalms Chapter 58 / Psalm 58 (59 G)

Eripe me.

A prayer to be delivered from the wicked, with confidence in God's help and protection. It agrees to Christ and his enemies the Jews.

58:1. Unto the end, destroy not, for David for an inscription of a title, when Saul sent and watched his house to kill him.
[1 Kings 19.]
58:2. Deliver me from my enemies, O my God; and defend me from them that rise up against me.
58:3. Deliver me from them that work iniquity, and save me from bloody men.
58:4. For behold they have caught my soul: the mighty have rushed in upon me:
58:5. Neither is it my iniquity, nor my sin, O Lord: without iniquity have I run, and directed my steps.
58:6. Rise up you to meet me, and behold: even you, O Lord, the God of hosts, the God of Israel. Attend to visit all the nations: have no mercy on all them that work iniquity.
58:7. They shall return at evening, and shall suffer hunger like dogs: and shall go round about the city.
58:8. Behold they shall speak with their mouth, and a sword is in their lips: for who, say they, has heard us?
58:9. But you, O Lord, shall laugh at them: you shall bring all the nations to nothing.
58:10. I will keep my strength to you: for you are my protector:
58:11. My God, his mercy shall prevent me.
58:12. God shall let me see over my enemies: slay them not, lest at any time my people forget. Scatter them by your power; and bring them down, O Lord, my protector:
58:13. For the sin of their mouth, and the word of their lips: and let them be taken in their pride. And for their cursing and lying they shall be talked of,
58:14. When they are consumed: when they are consumed by your wrath, and they shall be no more. And they shall know that God will rule Jacob, and all the ends of the earth.
58:15. They shall return at evening and shall suffer hunger like dogs: and shall go round about the city.
58:16. They shall be scattered abroad to eat, and shall murmur if they be not filled.
58:17. But I will sing your strength: and will extol your mercy in the morning. For you are become my support, and my refuge, in the day of my trouble.
58:18. Unto you, O my helper, will I sing, for you are God my defense: my God my mercy.

Psalms Chapter 59 / Psalm 59 (60 G)

Deus, repulisti nos.

After many afflictions, the church of Christ shall prevail.

59:1. Unto the end, for them that shall be changed, for the inscription of a title, to David himself, for doctrine,
59:2. When he set fire to Mesopotamia of Syria and Sobal: and Joab returned and slew of Edom, in the valley of the saltpits, twelve thousand men.
59:3. O God, you have cast us off, and have destroyed us; you have been angry, and have had mercy on us.
59:4. You have moved the earth, and have troubled it: heal you the breaches thereof, for it has been moved.
59:5. You have shown your people hard things; you have made us drink the wine of sorrow.
59:6. You have given a warning to them that fear you: that they may flee from before the bow: That your beloved may be delivered.
59:7. Save me with your right hand, and hear me.
59:8. God has spoken in his holy place: I will rejoice, and I will divide Sichem; and will mete out the valley of tabernacles.
59:9. Galaad is mine, and Manasseh is mine: and Ephraim is the strength of my head. Judah is my king:
59:10. Moab is the pot of my hope. Into Edom will I stretch out my shoe: to me the foreigners are made subject.

The pot of my hope. . .Or my watering pot. That is, a vessel for meaner uses, by being reduced to serve me, even in the meanest employments.--Ibid. Foreigners. . .So the Philistines are called, who had no kindred with the Israelites; whereas the Edomites, Moabites, etc., were originally of the same family.

59:11. Who will bring me into the strong city? who will lead me into Edom?
59:12. Will not you, O God, who have cast us off? and will not you, O God, go out with our armies?
59:13. Give us help from trouble: for vain is the salvation of man.
59:14. Through God we shall do mightily: and he shall bring to nothing them that afflict us.

Psalms Chapter 60 / Psalm 60 (61 G)

Exaudi, Deus.

A prayer for the coming of the kingdom of Christ, which shall have no end.

60:1. Unto the end, in hymns, for David.
60:2. Hear, O God, my supplication: be attentive to my prayer.
60:3. To you have I cried from the ends of the earth: when my heart was in anguish, you have exalted me on a rock. You have conducted me;
60:4. For you have been my hope; a tower of strength against the face of the enemy.
60:5. In your tabernacle I shall dwell forever: I shall be protected under the covert of your wings.
60:6. For you, my God, have heard my prayer: you have given an inheritance to them that fear your name.
60:7. You will add days to the days of the king: his years even to generation and generation.
60:8. He abides forever in the sight of God: his mercy and truth who shall search?
60:9. So will I sing a psalm to your name forever and ever: that I may pay my vows from day to day.

Psalms Chapter 61 / Psalm 61 (62 G)

Nonne Deo.

But they have thought to cast away my price...
Psalm 61:5 (62 G)
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The prophet encourages himself and all others to trust in God, and serve him.

61:1. Unto the end, for Idithun, a psalm of David.
61:2. Shall not my soul be subject to God? For from Him is my salvation.
61:3. For He is my God and my Savior: He is my protector, I shall be moved no more.
61:4. How long do you rush in upon a man? You all kill, as if you were thrusting down a leaning wall, and a tottering fence.
61:5. But they have thought to cast away my price; I ran in thirst: they blessed with their mouth, but cursed with their heart.
61:6. But be you, O my soul, subject to God: for from Him is my patience.
61:7. For He is my God and my Savior: He is my helper, I shall not be moved.
61:8. In God is my salvation and my glory: He is the God of my help, and my hope is in God.
61:9. Trust in Him, all you congregation of people: pour out your hearts before Him. God is our helper forever.
61:10. But vain are the sons of men, the sons of men are liars in the balances: that by vanity they may together deceive.

Are liars in the balances, etc. . .They are so vain and light, that if they are put into the scales, they will be found to be of no weight; and to be mere lies, deceit, and vanity. Or, They are liars in their balances, by weighing things by false weights, and preferring the temporal before the eternal.

61:11. Trust not in iniquity, and cover not robberies: if riches abound, set not your heart upon them.
61:12. God has spoken once, these two things have I heard, that power belongs to God,
61:13. And mercy to You, O Lord; for You will render to every man according to his works.

Psalms Chapter 62 / Psalm 62 (63 G)

Deus Deus meus, ad te.

The prophet aspires after God.

62:1. A psalm of David while he was in the desert of Edom.
62:2. O God, my God, to you do I watch at break of day. For you my soul has thirsted; for you my flesh, O how many ways!
62:3. In a desert land, and where there is no way, and no water: so in the sanctuary have I come before you, to see your power and your glory.
62:4. For your mercy is better than lives: you my lips will praise.
62:5. Thus will I bless you all my life long: and in your name I will lift up my hands.
62:6. Let my soul be filled as with marrow and fatness: and my mouth shall praise you with joyful lips.
62:7. If I have remembered you upon my bed, I will meditate on you in the morning:
62:8. Because you have been my helper. And I will rejoice under the covert of your wings:
62:9. My soul has stuck close to you: your right hand has received me.
62:10. But they have fought my soul in vain, they shall go into the lower parts of the earth:
62:11. They shall be delivered into the hands of the sword, they shall be the portions of foxes.
62:12. But the king shall rejoice in God, all they shall be praised that swear by him: because the mouth is stopped of them that speak wicked things.

Psalms Chapter 63 / Psalm 63 (64 G)

Exaudi Deus orationem.

A prayer in affliction, with confidence in God that he will bring to naught the machinations of persecutors.

63:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David.
63:2. Hear O God, my prayer, when I make supplication to you: deliver my soul from the fear of the enemy.
63:3. You have protected me from the assembly of the malignant; from the multitude of the workers of iniquity.
63:4. For they have whetted their tongues like a sword; they have bent their bow a bitter thing,
63:5. To shoot in secret the undefiled.
63:6. They will shoot at him on a sudden, and will not fear: they are resolute in wickedness. They have talked of hiding snares; they have said: Who shall see them?
63:7. They have searched after iniquities: they have failed in their search. Man shall come to a deep heart:

A deep heart. . .That is, crafty, subtle, deep projects and designs; which nevertheless shall not succeed; for God shall be exalted in bringing them to naught by his wisdom and power.

63:8. And God shall be exalted. The arrows of children are their wounds:

The arrows of children are their wounds. . .That is, the wounds, stripes, or blows, they seek to inflict upon the just, are but like the weak efforts of children's arrows, which can do no execution: and their tongues, that is, their speeches against them come to nothing.

63:9. And their tongues against them are made weak. All that saw them were troubled;
63:10. And every man was afraid. And they declared the works of God, and understood his doings.
63:11. The just shall rejoice in the Lord, and shall hope in him: and all the upright in heart shall be praised.

Psalms Chapter 64 / Psalm 64 (65 G)

Te decet.

God is to be praised in his church, to which all nations shall be called.

64:1. To the end, a psalm of David. The canticle of Jeremiah and Ezekiel to the people of the captivity, when they began to go out.

Of the captivity. . .That is, the people of the captivity of Babylon. This is not in the Hebrew, but is found in the ancient translation of the Septuagint.

64:2. A hymn, O God, becomes you in Zion: and a vow shall be paid to you in Jerusalem.
64:3. O hear my prayer: all flesh shall come to you.
64:4. The words of the wicked have prevailed over us: and you will pardon our transgressions.
64:5. Blessed is he whom you have chosen and taken to you: he shall dwell in your courts. We shall be filled with the good things of your house; holy is your temple,
64:6. Wonderful in justice. Hear us, O God our savior, who are the hope of all the ends of the earth, and in the sea afar off.
64:7. You who prepare the mountains by your strength, being girded with power:
64:8. Who troubles the depth of the sea, the noise of its waves. The Gentiles shall be troubled,
64:9. And they that dwell in the uttermost borders shall be afraid at your signs: you shall make the outgoings of the morning and of the evening to be joyful.
64:10. You have visited the earth, and have plentifully watered it; you have many ways enriched it. The river of God is filled with water, you have prepared their food: for so is its preparation.
64:11. Fill up plentifully the streams thereof, multiply its fruits; it shall spring up and rejoice in its showers.
64:12. You shall bless the crown of the year of your goodness: and your fields shall be filled with plenty.
64:13. The beautiful places of the wilderness shall grow fat: and the hills shall be girded about with joy,
64:14. The rams of the flock are clothed, and the vales shall abound with corn: they shall shout, yea they shall sing a hymn.

Psalms Chapter 65 / Psalm 65 (66 G)

Jubilate Deo.

An invitation to praise God.

65:1. Unto the end, a canticle of a psalm of the resurrection. Shout with joy to God, all the earth,
65:2. Sing a psalm to his name; give glory to his praise.
65:3. Say unto God, How terrible are your works, O Lord! in the multitude of your strength your enemies shall lie to you.
65:4. Let all the earth adore you, and sing to you: let it sing a psalm to your name.
65:5. Come and see the works of God; who is terrible in his counsels over the sons of men.
65:6. Who turns the sea into dry land, in the river they shall pass on foot: there shall we rejoice in him.
65:7. Who by his power rules forever: his eyes behold the nations; let not them that provoke him be exalted in themselves.
65:8. O bless our God, you Gentiles: and make the voice of his praise to be heard.
65:9. Who has set my soul to live: and has not suffered my feet to be moved:
65:10. For you, O God, have proved us: you have tried us by fire, as silver is tried.
65:11. You have brought us into a net, you have laid afflictions on our back:
65:12. You have set men over our heads. We have passed through fire and water, and you have brought us out into a refreshment.
65:13. I will go into your house with burnt offerings: I will pay you my vows,
65:14. Which my lips have uttered, And my mouth has spoken, when I was in trouble.
65:15. I will offer up to you holocausts full of marrow, with burnt offerings of rams: I will offer to you bullocks with goats.
65:16. Come and hear, all that fear God, and I will tell you what great things he has done for my soul.
65:17. I cried to him with my mouth: and I extolled him with my tongue.
65:18. If I have looked at iniquity in my heart, the Lord will not hear me.
65:19. Therefore has God heard me, and has attended to the voice of my supplication.
65:20. Blessed be God, who has not turned away my prayer, nor his mercy from me.

Psalms Chapter 66 / Psalm 66 (67 G)

Deus misereatur.

A prayer for the propagation of the church.

66:1. Unto the end, in hymns, a psalm of a canticle for David.
66:2. May God have mercy on us, and bless us: may he cause the light of his countenance to shine upon us, and may he have mercy on us.
66:3. That we may know your way upon earth: your salvation in all nations.
66:4. Let people confess to you, O God: let all people give praise to you.
66:5. Let the nations be glad and rejoice: for you judge the people with justice, and direct the nations upon earth.
66:6. Let the people, O God, confess to you: let all the people give praise to you:
66:7. The earth has yielded her fruit. May God, our God bless us,
66:8. May God bless us: and all the ends of the earth fear him.

Psalms Chapter 67 / Psalm 67 (68 G)

Exurgat Deus.

The glorious establishment of the church of the New Testament, prefigured by the benefits bestowed on the people of Israel.

67:1. Unto the end, a psalm of a canticle for David himself.
67:2. Let God arise, and let his enemies be scattered: and let them that hate Him flee from before His face.
67:3. As smoke vanishes, so let them vanish away: as wax melts before the fire, so let the wicked perish at the presence of God.
67:4. And let the just feast, and rejoice before God: and be delighted with gladness.
67:5. Sing to God, sing a psalm to His name, make a way for Him who ascends upon the west: the Lord is His name. Rejoice before Him: but the wicked shall be troubled at His presence,

Who ascends upon the west. . .Super occasum. St. Gregory understands it of Christ, who after his going down, like the sun, in the west, by his passion and death, ascended more glorious, and carried all before him. St. Jerome renders it, who ascends, or comes up, through the deserts.

67:6. Who is the father of orphans, and the judge of widows. God in His holy place:
67:7. God who makes men of one manner to dwell in a house: Who brings out them that were bound in strength; in like manner them that provoke, that dwell in sepulchers.

Of one manner. . .That is, agreeing in faith, unanimous in love, and following the same manner of discipline. It is verified in the servants of God, living together in his house, which is the church. 1 Tim. 3.15.--Ibid. Them that were bound, etc. . .The power and mercy of God appears in his bringing out of their captivity those that were strongly bound in their sins: and in restoring to his grace those whose behavior had been most provoking; and who by their evil habits were not only dead, but buried in their sepulchers.

67:8. O God, when You went forth in the sight of Your people, when You passed through the desert:
67:9. The earth was moved, and the heavens dropped at the presence of the God of Sinai, at the presence of the God of Israel.
67:10. You shall set aside for Your inheritance a free rain, O God: and it was weakened, but You have made it perfect.

A free rain. . .the manna, which rained plentifully from heaven, in favor of God's inheritance, that is, of his people Israel: which was weakened indeed under a variety of afflictions, but was made perfect by God; that is, was still supported by divine providence, and brought on to the promised land. It agrees particularly to the church of Christ his true inheritance, which is plentifully watered with the free rain of heavenly grace; and through many infirmities, that is, crosses and tribulations, is made perfect, and fitted for eternal glory.

67:11. In it shall Your animals dwell; in Your sweetness, O God, You have provided for the poor.

In it, etc. . .That is, in this church, which is your fold and your inheritance, shall your animals, your sheep, dwell: where you have plentifully provided for them.

67:12. The Lord shall give the word to them that preach good tidings with great power.

To them that preach good tidings. . .Evangelizantibus. That is, to the preachers of the gospel; who receiving the word from the Lord, shall with great power and efficacy preach throughout the world the glad tidings of a Savior, and of eternal salvation through him.

67:13. The king of powers is of the beloved, of the beloved; and the beauty of the house shall divide spoils.

The king of powers. . .That is, the mighty King, the Lord of hosts, is of the beloved, of the beloved; that is, is on the side of Christ, his most beloved son: and his beautiful house, viz., the church, in which God dwells forever, shall by her spiritual conquests divide the spoils of many nations. The Hebrew (as it now stands pointed) is thus rendered, The kings of armies have fled, they have fled, and she that dwells at home (or the beauty of the house) shall divide the spoils.

67:14. If you sleep among the midst of lots, you shall be as the wings of a dove covered with silver, and the hinder parts of her back with the paleness of gold.

If you sleep among the midst of lots (intermedios cleros, etc.). . .Viz., in such dangers and persecutions, as if your enemies were casting lots for your goods and persons: or in the midst of the lots, (intermedios terminos, as St. Jerome renders it,) that is, upon the very bounds or borders of the dominions of your enemies: you shall be secure nevertheless under the divine protection; and shall be enabled to fly away, like a dove, with glittering wings and feathers shining like the palest and most precious gold; that is, with great increase of virtue, and glowing with the fervor of charity.

67:15. When he that is in heaven appoints kings over her, they shall be whited with snow in Zalmon.

Kings over her. . .That is, pastors and rulers over his church, viz., the apostles and their successors. Then by their ministry shall men be made whiter than the snow which lies on the top of the high mountain Zalmon.

67:16. The mountain of God is a fat mountain. A curdled mountain, a fat mountain.

The mountain of God. . .The church, which, Isa. 2.2, is called The mountain of the house of the Lord upon the top of mountains. It is here called a fat and a curdled mountain; that is to say, most fruitful, and enriched by the spiritual gifts and graces of the Holy Ghost.

67:17. Why suspect, curdled mountains? A mountain in which God is well pleased to dwell: for there the Lord shall dwell unto the end.

Why suspect, curdled mountains?. . .Why do you suppose or imagine there may be any other such curdled mountains? You are mistaken: the mountain thus favored by God is but one; and this same he has chosen for his dwelling forever.

67:18. The chariot of God is attended by ten thousands; thousands of them that rejoice: the Lord is among them in Sinai, in the holy place.

The chariot of God. . .Descending to give his law on mount Sinai: as also of Jesus Christ his Son, ascending into heaven, to send from thence the Holy Spirit, to publish his new law, is attended with ten thousands, that is, with an innumerable multitude of joyful angels.

67:19. You have ascended on high, You have led captivity captive; You have received gifts in men. Yea for those also that do not believe, the dwelling of the Lord God.

Led captivity captive. . .Carrying away with you to heaven those who before had been the captives of Satan; and receiving from God the Father gifts to be distributed to men; even to those who were before unbelievers.

67:20. Blessed be the Lord day by day: the God of our salvation will make our journey prosperous to us.
67:21. Our God is the God of salvation: and of the Lord, of the Lord are the issues from death.

The issues from death. . .The Lord alone is master of the issues, by which we may escape from death.

67:22. But God shall break the heads of His enemies: the hairy crown of them that walk on in their sins.
67:23. The Lord said: I will turn them from Bashan, I will turn them into the depth of the sea:

I will turn them from Bashan, etc. . .I will cast out my enemies from their rich possessions, signified by Bashan, a fruitful country; and I will drive them into the depth of the sea: and make such a slaughter of them, that the feet of my servants may be dyed in their blood, etc.

67:24. That Your foot may be dipped in the blood of Your enemies; the tongue of Your dogs be red with the same.
67:25. They have seen your goings, O God, the goings of my God: of my king who is in his sanctuary.

Your goings. . .Your ways, your proceedings, by which you formerly took possession of the promised land in favor of your people; and shall afterwards of the whole world, which you shall subdue to your Son.

67:26. Princes went before joined with singers, in the midst of young damsels playing on timbrels.
67:27. In the churches bless God the Lord, from the fountains of Israel.

From the fountains of Israel. . .From whom both Christ and his apostles sprung. By Benjamin, the holy fathers on this place understand St. Paul, who was of that tribe, named here a youth, because he was the last called to the apostleship. By the princes of Judah, Zebulon, and Naphtali, we may understand the other apostles, who were of the tribe of Judah; or of the tribes of Zebulon, and Naphtali, where our Lord began to preach, Matt. 4.13, etc.

67:28. There is Benjamin a youth, in ecstasy of mind. The princes of Judah are their leaders: the princes of Zebulon, the princes of Naphtali.
67:29. Command your strength, O God confirm, O God, what you have wrought in us.

Command your strength. . .Give orders that your strength may be always with us.

67:30. From your temple in Jerusalem, kings shall offer presents to you.
67:31. Rebuke the wild beasts of the reeds, the congregation of bulls with the kine of the people; who seek to exclude them who are tried with silver.

Scatter you the nations that delight in wars: Rebuke the wild beasts of the reeds. . .or the wild beasts, which lie hid in the reeds. That is, the devils, who hide themselves in order to surprise their prey. Or by wild beasts, are here understood persecutors, who, for all their attempts against the Church, are but as weak reeds, which cannot prevail against them who are supported by the strength of the Almighty. The same are also called the congregation of bulls (from their rage against the Church) who assemble together all their kine, that is, the people their subjects, to exclude if they can, from Christ and his inheritance, his constant confessors, who are like silver tried by fire.

67:32. Ambassadors shall come out of Egypt: Ethiopia shall soon stretch out her hands to God.

Ambassadors shall come, etc. . .It is a prophecy of the conversion of the Gentiles, and by name of the Egyptians and Ethiopians.

67:33. Sing to God, kingdoms of the earth: sing to the Lord: Sing to God,
67:34. Who mounts above the heaven of heavens, to the east. Behold he will give to his voice the voice of power:

To the east. . .From mount Olivet, which is on the east side of Jerusalem.--Ibid. The voice of power. . .That is, he will make his voice to be a powerful voice: by calling from death to life, such as were dead in mortal sin: as at the last day he will by the power of his voice call all the dead from their graves.

67:35. Give glory to God for Israel, his magnificence, and his power is in the clouds.
67:36. God is wonderful in his saints: the God of Israel is he who will give power and strength to his people. Blessed be God.

Psalms Chapter 68 / Psalm 68 (69 G)

Salvum me fac, Deus.

Christ in his passion declares the greatness of his sufferings, and the malice of his persecutors the Jews; and foretells their reprobation.

68:1. Unto the end, for them that shall be changed; for David.

For them that shall be changed. . .A psalm for Christian converts, to remember the passion of Christ.

68:2. Save me, O God: for the waters have come in even unto my soul.

The waters. . .Of afflictions and sorrows. My soul is sorrowful even unto death. Matt. 26.38.

68:3. I stick fast in the mire of the deep and there is no sure standing. I have come into the depth of the sea, and a tempest has overwhelmed me.
68:4. I have labored with crying; my jaws have become hoarse, my eyes have failed, while I hope in my God.
68:5. Those who hate me without cause are multiplied beyond the hairs of my head. My enemies are grown strong who have wrongfully persecuted me: then did I pay that which I took not away.

I pay that which I took not away. . .Christ in his passion made restitution of what he had not taken away, by suffering the punishment due to our sins, and so repairing the injury we had done to God.

68:6. O God, You know my foolishness; and my offenses are not hidden from You:

My foolishness and my offenses. . .which my enemies impute to me: or the follies and sins of men, which I have taken upon myself.

68:7. Let not them be ashamed for me, who look for You, O Lord, the Lord of hosts. Let them not be confounded on my account, who seek You, O God of Israel.
68:8. Because for Your sake I have borne reproach; shame has covered my face.
68:9. I have become a stranger to my brethren, and an alien to the sons of my mother.
68:10. For the zeal of Your house has eaten me up: and the reproaches of them that reproached You are fallen upon me.
68:11. And I covered my soul in fasting: and it was made a reproach to me.
68:12. And I made haircloth my garment: and I became a byword to them.
68:13. They that sat in the gate spoke against me: and they that drank wine made me their song.
68:14. But as for me, my prayer is to you, O Lord; for the time of your good pleasure, O God. In the multitude of your mercy hear me, in the truth of your salvation.
68:15. Draw me out of the mire, that I may not stick fast: deliver me from them that hate me, and out of the deep waters.
68:16. Let not the tempest of water drown me, nor the deep water swallow me up: and let not the pit shut her mouth upon me.
68:17. Hear me, O Lord, for your mercy is kind; look upon me according to the multitude of your tender mercies.
68:18. And turn not away your face from your servant: for I am in trouble, hear me speedily.
68:19. Attend to my soul, and deliver it: save me because of my enemies.
68:20. You know my reproach, and my confusion, and my shame.
68:21. In your sight are all they that afflict me; my heart has expected reproach and misery. And I looked for one that would grieve together with me, but there was none: and for one that would comfort me, and I found none.
68:22. And they gave me gall for my food, and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.
68:23. Let their table become as a snare before them, and a recompense, and a stumbling block.

Let their table, etc. . .What here follows in the style of an imprecation, is a prophecy of the wretched state to which the Jews should be reduced in punishment of their willful obstinacy.

68:24. Let their eyes be darkened that they see not; and their back bend you down always.
68:25. Pour out your indignation upon them: and let your wrathful anger take hold of them.
68:26. Let their habitation be made desolate: and let there be none to dwell in their tabernacles.
68:27. Because they have persecuted him whom you have smitten; and they have added to the grief of my wounds.
68:28. Add you iniquity upon their iniquity: and let them not come into your justice.
68:29. Let them be blotted out of the book of the living; and with the just let them not be written.
68:30. But I am poor and sorrowful: your salvation, O God, has set me up.
68:31. I will praise the name of God with a canticle: and I will magnify him with praise.
68:32. And it shall please God better than a young calf, that brings forth horns and hoofs.
68:33. Let the poor see and rejoice: seek God, and your soul shall live.
68:34. For the Lord has heard the poor: and has not despised his prisoners.
68:35. Let the heavens and the earth praise him; the sea, and everything that creeps in it.
68:36. For God will save Zion, and the cities of Judah shall be built up. And they shall dwell there, and acquire it by inheritance.

Zion. . .The catholic church. The cities of Judah, etc., her places of worship, which shall be established throughout the world. And there, viz., in this church of Christ, shall his servants dwell, etc.

68:37. And the seed of his servants shall possess it; and they that love his name shall dwell therein.

Psalms Chapter 69 / Psalm 69 (70 G)

Deus in adjutorium.

A prayer in persecution.

69:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David, to bring to remembrance that the Lord saved him.
69:2. O God, come to my assistance; O Lord, make haste to help me.
69:3. Let them be confounded and ashamed that seek my soul:
69:4. Let them be turned backward, and blush for shame that desire evils to me: Let them be presently turned away blushing for shame that say to me: 'Tis well, 'tis well.

'T is well, 't is well. . .Euge, euge. St. Jerome renders it, vah, vah! which is the voice of one insulting and deriding. Some understand it as a detestation of deceitful flatterers.

69:5. Let all that seek you rejoice and be glad in you; and let such as love your salvation say always: The Lord be magnified.
69:6. But I am needy and poor; O God, help me. You are my helper and my deliverer: O lord, make no delay.

Psalms Chapter 70 / Psalm 70 (71 G)

In te, Domine.

A prayer for perseverance.

70:1. A psalm for David. Of the sons of Jonadab, and the former captives. In you, O Lord, I have hoped, let me never be put to confusion:

Of the sons of Jonadab. . .The Rechabites, of whom see Jer. 35. By this addition of the seventy-two interpreters, we gather that this psalm was usually sung in the synagogue, in the person of the Rechabites, and of those who were first carried away into captivity.

70:2. Deliver me in Your justice, and rescue me. Incline You ear to me, and save me.
70:3. Be to me a God, a protector, and a place of strength: that You may make me safe. For You are my firmament and my refuge.
70:4. Deliver me, O my God, out of the hand of the sinner, and out of the hand of the transgressor of the law and of the unjust.
70:5. For You are my patience, O Lord: my hope, O Lord, from my youth.
70:6. By You have I been confirmed from the womb: from my mother's womb You are my protector. Of You I shall continually sing:
70:7. I have become unto many as a wonder, but You are a strong helper.
70:8. Let my mouth be filled with praise, that I may sing Your glory; Your greatness all the day long.
70:9. Do not cast me off in the time of old age: when my strength shall fail, do not forsake me.
70:10. For my enemies have spoken against me; and they that watched my soul have consulted together,
70:11. Saying: God has forsaken him: pursue and take him, for there is none to deliver him.
70:12. O God, do not be far from me: O my God, make haste to my help.
70:13. Let them be confounded and come to nothing that detract my soul; let them be covered with confusion and blame that seek my hurt.
70:14. But I will always hope; and will add to all Your praise.
70:15. My mouth shall show forth Your justice; Your salvation all the day long. Because I have not known learning,

Learning. . .As much as to say, I build not upon human learning, but only on the power and justice of God.

70:16. I will enter into the powers of the Lord: O Lord, I will be mindful of Your justice alone.
70:17. You have taught me, O God, from my youth: and till now I will declare Your wonderful works.
70:18. And do not abandon me to old age and grey hairs, O God, until I show forth Your arm to all the generation that is to come: Your power,
70:19. And Your justice, O God, even to the highest great things you have done: O God, who can compare with You?
70:20. How great troubles have you shown me, many and grievous: and turning you have brought me to life, and have brought me back again from the depths of the earth:
70:21. You have multiplied Your magnificence; and turning to me You have comforted me.
70:22. For I will also confess to You Your truth with the instruments of psaltery: O God, I will sing with the harp to You, the Holy One of Israel.
70:23. My lips shall greatly rejoice, when I shall sing to You; and my soul which You have redeemed.
70:24. Yea and my tongue shall meditate on Your justice all the day; when they shall be confounded and put to shame that seek evils to me.

Psalms Chapter 71 / Psalm 71 (72 G)

Deus, judicium tuum.

A prophecy of the coming of Christ, and of his kingdom: prefigured by Solomon and his happy reign.

71:1. A psalm on Solomon.
71:2. Give to the king your judgment, O God, and to the king's son your justice: To judge your people with justice, and your poor with judgment.
71:3. Let the mountains receive peace for the people: and the hills justice.
71:4. He shall judge the poor of the people, and he shall save the children of the poor: and he shall humble the oppressor.
71:5. And he shall continue with the sun and before the moon, throughout all generations.
71:6. He shall come down like rain upon the fleece; and as showers falling gently upon the earth.
71:7. In his days shall justice spring up, and abundance of peace, till the moon be taken away.
71:8. And he shall rule from sea to sea, and from the river unto the ends of the earth.
71:9. Before him the Ethiopians shall fall down: and his enemies shall lick the ground.
71:10. The kings of Tarshish and the islands shall offer presents: the kings of the Arabians and of Saba shall bring gifts:
71:11. And all kings of the earth shall adore him: all nations shall serve him.
71:12. For he shall deliver the poor from the mighty: and the needy that had no helper.
71:13. He shall spare the poor and needy: and he shall save the souls of the poor.
71:14. He shall redeem their souls from usuries and iniquity: and their names shall be honorable in his sight.
71:15. And he shall live, and to him shall be given of the gold of Arabia, for him they shall always adore: they shall bless him all the day.
71:16. And there shall be a firmament on the earth on the tops of mountains, above Lebanon shall the fruit thereof be exalted: and they of the city shall flourish like the grass of the earth.

A firmament on the earth, etc. . .This may be understood of the church of Christ, ever firm and visible: and of the flourishing condition of its congregation.

71:17. Let his name be blessed forevermore: his name continues before the sun. And in him shall all the tribes of the earth be blessed: all nations shall magnify him.
71:18. Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, who alone does wonderful things.
71:19. And blessed be the name of his majesty forever: and the whole earth shall be filled with his majesty. So be it. So be it.
71:20. The praises of David, the son of Jesse, are ended.

Are ended. . .By this it appears that this psalm, though placed here, was in order of time the last of those which David composed.

Psalms Chapter 72 / Psalm 72 (73 G)

Quam bonus Israel Deus.

The temptation of the weak, upon seeing the prosperity of the wicked, is overcome by the consideration of the justice of God, who will quickly render to everyone according to his works.

72:1. A psalm for Asaph. How good is God to Israel, to them that are of a right heart!
72:2. But my feet were almost moved; my steps had well nigh slipped.
72:3. Because I had a zeal on occasion of the wicked, seeing the prosperity of sinners.
72:4. For there is no regard to their death, nor is there strength in their stripes.
72:5. They are not in the labor of men: neither shall they be scourged like other men.
72:6. Therefore pride has held them fast: they are covered with their iniquity and their wickedness.
72:7. Their iniquity has come forth, as it were from fatness: they have passed into the affection of the heart.

Fatness. . .Abundance and temporal prosperity, which has encouraged them in their iniquity: and made them give themselves up to their irregular affections.

72:8. They have thought and spoken wickedness: they have spoken iniquity on high.
72:9. They have set their mouth against heaven: and their tongue has passed through the earth.
72:10. Therefore will my people return here and full days shall be found in them.

Return here. . .or hither. The weak among the servants of God, will be apt often to return to this thought, and will be shocked when they consider the full days, that is, the long and prosperous life of the wicked; and will be tempted to make the reflections against providence which are set down in the following verses.

72:11. And they said: How does God know? and is there knowledge in the most High?
72:12. Behold these are sinners; and yet, abounding in the world they have obtained riches.
72:13. And I said: Then have I in vain justified my heart, and washed my hands among the innocent.
72:14. And I have been scourged all the day; and my chastisement has been in the mornings.
72:15. If I said: I will speak thus; behold I should condemn the generation of your children.

If I said, etc. . .That is, if I should indulge such thoughts as these.

72:16. I studied that I might know this thing, it is a labor in my sight:
72:17. Until I go into the sanctuary of God, and understand concerning their last ends.
72:18. But indeed for deceits you have put it to them: when they were lifted up you have cast them down.

You have put it to them. . .In punishment of their deceits, or for deceiving them, you have brought evils upon them in their last end, which, in their prosperity they never apprehended.

72:19. How are they brought to desolation? they have suddenly ceased to be: they have perished by reason of their iniquity.
72:20. As the dream of them that awake, O Lord; so in your city you shall bring their image to nothing.
72:21. For my heart has been inflamed, and my reins have been changed:
72:22. And I am brought to nothing, and I knew not.
72:23. I am become as a beast before you: and I am always with you.
72:24. You have held me by my right hand; and by your will you have conducted me, and with your glory you have received me.
72:25. For what have I in heaven? and besides you what do I desire upon earth?
72:26. For you my flesh and my heart has fainted away: you are the God of my heart, and the God that is my portion forever.
72:27. For behold they that go far from you shall perish: you have destroyed all them that are disloyal to you.
72:28. But it is good for me to adhere to my God, to put my hope in the Lord God: That I may declare all your praises, in the gates of the daughter of Zion.

Psalms Chapter 73 / Psalm 73 (74 G)

Ut quid, Deus.

A prayer of the church under grievous persecutions.

73:1. Understanding for Asaph. O God, why have you cast us off unto the end: why is your wrath enkindled against the sheep of your pasture?
73:2. Remember your congregation, which you have possessed from the beginning. The scepter of your inheritance which you have redeemed: mount Zion in which you have dwelt.
73:3. Lift up your hands against their pride unto the end; see what things the enemy has done wickedly in the sanctuary.
73:4. And they that hate you have made their boasts, in the midst of your solemnity. They have set up their ensigns for signs,

Their ensigns, etc. . .They have fixed their colors for signs and trophies, both on the gates, and on the highest top of the temple: and they knew not, that is, they regarded not the sanctity of the place. This psalm manifestly foretells the time of the Machabees, and the profanation of the temple by Antiochus.

73:5. And they knew not both in the going out and on the highest top. As with axes in a wood of trees,
73:6. They have cut down at once the gates thereof, with axe and hatchet they have brought it down.
73:7. They have set fire to your sanctuary: they have defiled the dwelling place of your name on the earth.
73:8. They said in their heart, the whole kindred of them together: Let us abolish all the festival days of God from the land.
73:9. Our signs we have not seen, there is now no prophet: and he will know us no more.
73:10. How long, O God, shall the enemy reproach: is the adversary to provoke your name forever?
73:11. Why do you turn away your hand: and your right hand out of the midst of your bosom forever?
73:12. But God is our king before ages: he has wrought salvation in the midst of the earth.
73:13. You by your strength made the sea firm: you crushed the heads of the dragons in the waters.

The sea firm. . .By making the waters of the Red Sea stand like firm walls, while Israel passed through: and destroying the Egyptians called here dragons from their cruelty, in the same waters, with their king: casting up their bodies on the shore to be stripped by the Ethiopians inhabiting in those days the coast of Arabia.

73:14. You have broken the heads of the dragon: you have given him to be meat for the people of the Ethiopians.
73:15. You have broken up the fountains and the torrents: you have dried up the Ethan rivers.

Ethan rivers. . .That is, rivers which run with strong streams. This was verified in Jordan, Jos. 3, and in Arnon, Num. 21.14.

73:16. Yours is the day, and yours is the night: you have made the morning light and the sun.
73:17. You have made all the borders of the earth: the summer and the spring were formed by you.
73:18. Remember this, the enemy has reproached the Lord: and a foolish people has provoked your name.
73:19. Deliver not up to beasts the souls that confess to you: and forget not to the end the souls of your poor.
73:20. Have regard to your covenant: for they that are the obscure of the earth have been filled with dwellings of iniquity.

The obscure of the earth. . .Mean and ignoble wretches have been filled, that is, enriched, with houses of iniquity, that is, with our estates and possessions, which they have unjustly acquired.

73:21. Let not the humble be turned away with confusion: the poor and needy shall praise your name.
73:22. Arise, O God, judge your own cause: remember your reproaches with which the foolish man has reproached you all the day.
73:23. Forget not the voices of your enemies: the pride of them that hate you ascends continually.

Psalms Chapter 74 / Psalm 74 (75 G)

Confitebimur tibi.

There is a just judgment to come: therefore let the wicked take care.

74:1. Unto the end, corrupt not, a psalm of a canticle for Asaph.

Corrupt not. . .It is believed to have been the beginning of some ode or hymn, to the tune of which this psalm was to be sung. St. Augustine and other fathers take it to be an admonition of the spirit of God, not to faint or fail in our hope: but to persevere with constancy in good: because God will not fail in his due time to render to every man according to his works.

74:2. We will praise you, O God: we will praise, and we will call upon your name. We will relate your wondrous works:
74:3. When I shall take a time, I will judge justices.

When I shall take a time. . .In proper times: particularly at the last day, when the earth shall melt away at the presence of the great Judge: the same who originally laid the foundations of it, and as it were established its pillars.

74:4. The earth is melted, and all that dwell therein: I have established the pillars thereof.
74:5. I said to the wicked: Do not act wickedly: and to the sinners: Lift not up the horn.
74:6. Lift not up your horn on high: speak not iniquity against God.
74:7. For neither from the east, nor from the west, nor from the desert hills:
74:8. For God is the judge. One he puts down, and another he lifts up:
74:9. For in the hand of the Lord there is a cup of strong wine full of mixture. And he has poured it out from this to that: but the dregs thereof are not emptied: all the sinners of the earth shall drink.
74:10. But I will declare forever: I will sing to the God of Jacob.
74:11. And I will break all the horns of sinners: but the horns of the just shall be exalted.

Psalm Chapter 75 / Psalm 75 (76 G)

Notus in Judaea.

God is known in His church: and exerts His power in protecting it. It alludes to the slaughter of the Assyrians, in the days of king Hezekiah.

75:1. Unto the end, in praises, a psalm for Asaph: a canticle to the Assyrians.
75:2. In Judea God is known; His name is great in Israel.
75:3. And His place is in peace; and His abode in Zion.
75:4. There has He broken the powers of bows, the shield, the sword, and the battle.
75:5. You enlighten wonderfully from the everlasting hills.
75:6. All the foolish of heart were troubled. They have slept their sleep; and all the men of riches have found nothing in their hands.
75:7. At Your rebuke, O God of Jacob, they have all slumbered that mounted on horseback.
75:8. You are terrible, and who shall resist You? from that time Your wrath.

From that time, etc. . .From the time that Your wrath shall break out.

75:9. You have caused judgment to be heard from heaven: the earth trembled and was still,
75:10. When God arose in judgment, to save all the meek of the earth.
75:11. For the thought of man shall give praise to You, and the remainders of the thought shall keep holiday to You.
75:12. Make vows, and pay to the Lord your God: all you that are round about Him bring presents. To Him that is terrible,
75:13. even to Him who takes away the spirit of princes, to the terrible with the kings of the earth.

See also: Psalms 76 - 150.

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