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Com*mun"ion, n. Etym: [L. communio: cf. F. communion. See Common.]

1. The act of sharing; community; participation.
"This communion of goods." Blackstone.

2. Intercourse between two or more persons; esp., intimate association and intercourse implying sympathy and confidence; interchange of thoughts, purposes, etc.; agreement; fellowship; as, the communion of saints.
We are naturally induced to seek communion and fellowship with others. Hooker.
What communion hath light with darkness 2 Cor. vi. 14.
Bare communion with a good church can never alone make a good man. South.

3. A body of Christians having one common faith and discipline; as, the Presbyterian communion.

4. The sacrament of the Eucharist; the celebration of the Lord's supper; the act of partaking of the sacrament; as, to go to communion; to partake of the communion. Close communion. See under Close, a.
-- Communion elements, the bread and wine used in the celebration of the Lord's supper.
-- Communion service, the celebration of the Lord's Supper, or the office or service therefor.
-- Communion table, the table upon which the elements are placed at the celebration of the Lord's supper.
-- Communion in both kinds, participation in both the bread and wine by all communicants.
-- Communion in one kind, participation in but one element, as sometimes in the Roman Catholic Church, where the laity partake of the bread only.

-- Share; participation; fellowship; converse; intercourse; unity; concord; agreement.

---excerpt from the Illustrated Bible Dictionary

Communion - Fellowship with God (Gen. 18:17-33; Exodus 33:9; Numbers 12:7, Numbers 12:8), between Christ and his people (John 14:23), by the Spirit (2 Corinthians 13:14; Philippians 2:1), of believers with one another (Ephesians 4:1). The Lord's Supper is so called (1 Corinthians 10:16, 1 Corinthians 10:17), because in it there is fellowship between Christ and his disciples, and of the disciples with one another.

Defn: The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper; the solemn act of ceremony of commemorating the death of Christ, in the use of bread and wine, as the appointed emblems; Holy Communion.

-- See Sacrament.

1 Corintians 11:23-11:26

11:23. For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, that the Lord Jesus, the same night in which He was betrayed, took bread,
11:24. Giving thanks, broke and said: Take and eat: This is My Body, which shall be delivered for you. This do for the commemoration of Me.
And giving thanks, broke and said: Take and eat: This is My Body, which shall be delivered for you. This do for the commemoration of Me.
1 Corinthians 11:24
11:25. In like manner also the chalice, after He had supped, saying: This chalice is the new covenant in My Blood. Do this, as often as you shall drink, for the commemoration of Me.
11:26. For as often as you shall eat this Bread and drink the Chalice, you proclaim the Lord's death until He comes.

Luke 22:19-22:20

22:19. Taking bread, He gave thanks and broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is My Body, which is given for you. Do this for a commemoration of Me.”
22:20. In like manner, the chalice also, after He had supped, saying, “This is the chalice, the new covenant in My Blood, which shall be shed for you.

Do this for a commemoration of Me. . .This sacrifice and sacrament is to be continued in the church, to the end of the world, to show forth the death of Christ, until He comes. But this commemoration, or remembrance, is by no means inconsistent with the Real Presence of His Body and Blood, under these sacramental veils, which represent His death; on the contrary, it is the manner that He Himself hath commanded, of commemorating and celebrating His death, by offering in sacrifice, and receiving in the sacrament, that Body and Blood by which we were redeemed.

This is the chalice, the new covenant in My Blood, which shall be shed for you.
Luke 22:20

"The Eucharist is the 'summit' of Christian initiation and all apostolic activity, because the Sacrament presupposes membership in the communion of the Church. At the same time, it is the 'source,' because the Sacrament is nourishment for the Church's life and mission." -- Vatican II, Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy, 47

The Eucharist is what we do and who we are as a Catholic parish community. Each Sunday we gather to celebrate the Eucharist and commemorate the death and resurrection of the Lord Jesus. We believe that the Eucharist we celebrate is the true and living presence of Jesus among us.

St. Augustine said, "become what we receive." We receive the Eucharist to sustain us, but it also propels us to go back into our lives and strive to bring Christ's presence into our homes, work places and schools.

The Eucharist is reserved in the tabernacle. This ancient custom of the Church began so that people who were not able to join the Christian community for the celebration of the Eucharist could receive it in their homes at a later time. Great devotion to Christ's presence in the Eucharist arose and the practice of praying in the presence of the reserved Eucharist, also known as the Blessed Sacrament, grew and continues to this day. Catholics commit themselves to celebrate the Eucharist on the Lord's Day. Personal practice and devotion also may inspire people to participate in the celebration of the Eucharist on a daily basis. As a sacrament of initiation, the Eucharist brings people into fuller communion with the Christian family. First Eucharist is usually celebrated as early as the second grade in the United States. The Eucharist can also be celebrated for the first time anytime after that age if the child or adult has made their First Confession and understands that the Body and Blood of Jesus is truly present in Holy Communion.


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