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Defn: p. p. of Crow. [Obs.]
Crown (kroun), n. Etym: [OE. corone, coroun, crune, croun, OF. corone, corune, F. couronne, fr. L. corona crown, wreath; akin to Gr. curvus curved, E. curve, curb, Gael. cruinn round, W. crwn. Cf. Cornice, Corona, Coroner, Coronet.]
1. A wreath or garland, or any ornamental fillet encircling the head,
especially as a reward of victory or mark of honorable distinction;
hence, anything given on account of, or obtained by, faithful or
successful effort; a reward.
"An olive branch and laurel crown." Shak.
They do it to obtain a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptiblle. 1 Corinthians 9:25.
Be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life. Revelation 2:10.
Note: Nobles wear coronets; the triple crown of the pope is usually called a tiara. The crown of England is a circle of gold with crosses,, and imperial arches, inclosing a crimson velvet cap, and ornamented with thousands of diamonds and precious stones.
3. The person entitled to wear a regal or imperial crown; the
sovereign; -- with the definite article.
Parliament may be dissolved by the demise of the crown. Blackstone.
Large arrears of pay were due to the civil and military servants of the crown. Macaulay.
4. Imperial or regal power or dominion; sovereignty.
There is a power behind the crown greater than the crown itself. Junius.
5. Anything which imparts beauty, splendor, honor, dignity, or
The hoary head is a crown of glory, if it be found in the way of righteousness. Proverbs 16:31.
A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband. Proverbs 16:4.
6. Highest state; acme; consummation; perfection.
Mutual love, the crown of all our bliss. Milton.
8. The topmost part of the head (see Illust. of Bird.); that part of
the head from which the hair descends toward the sides and back;
also, the head or brain.
From toe to crown he'll fill our skin with pinches. Shak.
Twenty things which I set down: This done, I twenty more-had in my crown. Bunyan.
Defn: Same as Corona.
Defn: The bights formed by the several turns of a cable. Totten.
Defn: The area inclosed between two concentric perimeters.
18. A size of writing paper. See under Paper.
19. A coin stamped with the image of a crown; hence,a denomination of money; as, the English crown, a silver coin of the value of five shillings sterling, or a little more than $1.20; the Danish or Norwegian crown, a money of account, etc., worth nearly twenty-seven cents.
20. An ornaments or decoration representing a crown; as, the paper is
stamped with a crown.
Crown of aberration (Astron.), a spurious circle around the true circle of the sun.
-- Crown antler (Zoöl.), the topmost branch or tine of an antler; also, an antler; having a cuplike top, with tines springing from the rim.
-- Crown bar, one of the bars which support the crown sheet of steam-boiler furnace.
-- Crown glass. See under Glass.
-- Crown imperial. (Bot.) See in the Vocabulary.
-- Crown jewels, the jewels appertaining to the sovereign while wearing the crown. [Eng.]
"She pawned and set to sale the crown jewels." Milton.
-- Crown land, land belonging to the crown, that is, to the sovereign.
-- Crown law, the law which governs criminal prosecutions. [Eng.]
-- Crown lawyer, one employed by the crown, as in criminal cases. [Eng.]
-- Crown octavo. See under Paper.
-- Crown office. See in the Vocabulary.
-- Crown paper. See under Paper.
-- Crown piece. See in the Vocabulary.
-- Crown Prince, the heir apparent to a crown or throne.
-- Crown saw. See in the Vocabulary.
-- Crown scab (Far.), a cancerous sore formed round the corners of a horse's hoof.
-- Crown sheet, the flat plate which forms the top of the furnace or fire box of an internally fired steam boiler.
-- Crown shell. (Zoöl.) See Acorn-shell.
-- Crown side. See Crown office.
-- Crown tax (Eccl. Hist.), a golden crown, or its value, which was required annually from the Jews by the king of Syria, in the time of the Maccabees. 1 Maccabees 10:20.
-- Crown wheel. See in the Vocabulary.
-- Crown work. See in the Vocabulary.
-- Pleas of the crown (Engl. law), criminal actions.
Crown (kroun), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Crowned (kround); p. pr. & vb. n. Crowning.] Etym: [OE. coronen, corunen, crunien, crounien, OF. coroner, F. couronner, fr. L. coronare, fr. corona a crown. See Crown, n.]
1. To cover, decorate, or invest with a crown; hence, to invest with
royal dignity and power.
Her who fairest does appear, Crown her queen of all the year. Dryden.
Crown him, and say, "Long live our emperor." Shak.
2. To bestow something upon as a mark of honor, dignity, or
recompense; to adorn; to dignify.
Thou . . . hast crowned him with glory and honor. Psalms 8:5.
3. To form the topmost or finishing part of; to complete; to
consummate; to perfect.
Amidst the grove that crowns yon tufted hill. Byron.
One day shall crown the alliance. Shak.
To crown the whole, came a proposition. Motley.
Defn: To cause to round upward; to make anything higher at the middle than at the edges, as the face of a machine pulley.
Defn: To effect a lodgment upon, as upon the crest of the glacis (military engineered artificial slope of earth), or
the summit of the breach.
To crown a knot (Naut.), to lay the ends of the strands over and under each other.
---excerpt from the Illustrated Bible Dictionary.
(1.) Denotes the plate of gold in the front of the high priest's mitre (Exodus 29:6; Exodus 39:30). The same Hebrew word so rendered ( ne'zer ) denotes the diadem worn by Saul in battle (2 Samuel 1:10), and also that which was used at the coronation of Joash (2 Kings 11:12).
(2.) The more general name in Hebrew for a crown is 'atarah , meaning a "circlet." This is used of crowns and head ornaments of diverse kinds, including royal crowns. Such was the crown taken from the king of Ammon by David (2 Samuel 12:30). The crown worn by the Assyrian kings was a high mitre, sometimes adorned with flowers. There are sculptures also representing the crowns worn by the early Egyptian and Persian kings. Sometimes a diadem surrounded the royal head-dress of two or three fillets. This probably signified that the wearer had dominion over two or three countries. In Revelation 12:3; Revelation 13:1, we read of "many crowns," a token of extended dominion.
(3.) The ancient Persian crown (Esther 1:11; Esther 2:17; Esther 6:8) was called kether; i.e., "a chaplet," a high cap or tiara. Crowns were worn sometimes to represent honor and power (Ezekiel 23:42). They were worn at marriages (Song of Songs 3:11; Isaiah 61:10, "ornaments;" R.V., "a garland"), and at feasts and public festivals. The crown was among the Romans and Greeks a symbol of victory and reward. The crown or wreath worn by the victors in the Olympic games was made of leaves of the wild olive; in the Pythian games, of laurel; in the Nemean games, of parsley; and in the Isthmian games, of the pine. The Romans bestowed the "civic crown" on him who saved the life of a citizen. It was made of the leaves of the oak. In opposition to all these fading crowns the apostles speak of the incorruptible crown, the crown of life (James 1:12; Revelation 2:10) "that fadeth not away" (1 Peter 5:4, Gr. amarantinos ; compare 1 Peter 1:4). Probably the word "amaranth" was applied to flowers we call "everlasting," the "immortal amaranth."
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