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Category:Gospel of St. John/Text-only

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St. John the Apostle and Evangelist was the brother of James the Greater and the son of Zebedee and Salome. He was called the “Beloved disciple of Christ” and was present at His Crucifixion. He wrote the Gospel after the other Evangelists, about sixty-three years after our Lord's Ascension. Many things that they had omitted were supplied by him. The original was written in Greek, and by the Greeks he is titled “The Divine.” St. Jerome relates that, when he was earnestly requested by the brethren to write the Gospel, he answered he would do it, if by ordering a common fast, they would all put up their prayers together to the Almighty God; which being ended replenished with the clearest and fullest revelation coming from Heaven, he burst forth into that preface: IN THE BEGINNING WAS THE WORD.

1:1. In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
1:2. The same was in the beginning with God.
1:3. All things were made by Him, and nothing that was made was made without Him.
1:4. In Him was life, and the life was the light of men.
1:5. The light shone in darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it.

1:6. There was a man sent from God whose name was John.
1:7. This man came as a witness, to give testimony to the light, that all men might believe through him.
1:8. He was not the light, but was to give testimony to the light.
1:9. That was the true light, which enlightens every man that comes into this world.
1:10. He was in the world, and the world was made by Him, and the world did not know Him.
1:11. He came to His own, and His own did not receive Him.
1:12. But He gave those who received Him and believed in His name the power to be made the sons of God,
1:13. who are born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
1:14. The Word was made flesh and dwelt among us (and we saw His glory, the glory as it were of the only begotten of the Father), full of grace and truth.
1:15. John bore witness to Him and cried out, “This was He of whom I spoke, 'He that shall come after me is preferred before me, because He was before me.'”
1:16. Of His fullness we all have received, and grace for grace.

1:17. For the law was given by Moses; grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.
1:18. No man has seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, who is in the Bosom of the Father, has declared Him.

1:19. This is the testimony of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to him to ask him, “Who are you?”
1:20. He acknowledged and did not hold back, and he declared, “I am not the Christ.”
1:21. They asked him, “What then? Are you Elijah?” He said, “I am not.” “Are you the prophet?” He answered, “No.”
1:22. Consequently, they said to him, “Who are you, that we may give an answer to those who sent us? What do you say about yourself?”
1:23. He said, “I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, 'Make straight the way of the Lord,' as the prophet Isaiah said.”
1:24. Those who were sent were from the Pharisees.
1:25. They asked him, “Why then do you baptize, if you are not the Christ, nor Elijah, nor the prophet?”
1:26. John answered them, “I baptize with water, but one has stood in the midst of you whom you do not know.

This might refer to the time when Jesus was with the elders in the Temple.

1:27. “The same is He that shall come after me, who is preferred before me, the latchet of whose shoe I am not worthy to loose.”
1:28. These things were done in Bethany, beyond the Jordan, where John was baptizing.

1:29. The next day, John saw Jesus coming to him, and he said, “Behold, the Lamb of God. Behold, Him who takes away the sin of the world.
1:30. “This is He of whom I said, 'After me there comes a Man who is preferred before me because He was before me.'
1:31. “I did not know Him, but that He may be made manifest in Israel, I therefore have come baptizing with water.”

1:32. John gave testimony, saying, “I saw the Spirit coming down, as a dove from Heaven, and He remained upon Him.
1:33. “I did not know Him, but He who sent me to baptize with water said to me, 'He upon whom you shall see the Spirit descending and remaining upon Him is He that baptizes with the Holy Spirit.'
1:34. “I have seen, and I have given testimony that this is the Son of God.”
1:35. The next day John again stood with two of his disciples.
1:36. Beholding Jesus walking, he said, “Behold, the Lamb of God.”
1:37. The two disciples heard him speak and they followed Jesus.

1:38. Jesus turning and seeing them following Him, said to them, “What do you seek?” They said to Him, “Rabbi (which means Master), where do You dwell?”
1:39. He said to them, “Come and see.” They came and saw where He abode, and they stayed with Him that day. Now it was about the tenth hour after dawn.

1:40. Andrew, the brother of Simon Peter, was one of the two who had heard John and followed Jesus.
1:41. He found first his brother Simon and said to him, “We have found the Messiah (meaning the Christ).”
1:42. He brought him to Jesus, and Jesus looking upon him, said, “You are Simon the son of John. You shall be called Cephas (which means Peter).”
1:43. On the following day, He wanted to go into Galilee, and He found Philip. Jesus said to him, “Follow Me.”
1:44. Now Philip was from Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter.
1:45. Philip found Nathanael and said to him, “We have found Him about whom the Prophets and Moses in the Law wrote: Jesus the son of Joseph of Nazareth.”

Nathanael is often incorrectly considered to be the same person as Bartholomew. (see Life of Christ, Volume 2, page 37 by Blessed Anne Catherine Emmerich).

1:46. Nathanael said to him, “Can anything good come from Nazareth?” Philip said to him, “Come and see.”
1:47. Jesus saw Nathanael coming to Him and He said about him, “Behold, an Israelite indeed, in whom there is no guile.”

1:48. Nathanael said to Him, “From where do You know me?” Jesus answered him, “Before Philip called you, when you were under the fig tree, I saw you.”
1:49. Nathanael answered Him, “Rabbi, You are the Son of God. You are the King of Israel.”
1:50. Jesus answered him, “Because I said to you, 'I saw you under the fig tree,' you believe; greater things than these shall you see.”
1:51. Jesus said to him, “Amen, amen, I say to you, you shall see heaven opened and the Angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of Man.”


Chapter 2

Christ changes water into wine. He casts the sellers out of the Temple.

2:1. The third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there.
2:2. Jesus was also invited with His disciples to the marriage.

2:3. The wine failing, the mother of Jesus said to Him, “They have no wine.”
2:4. Jesus said to her, “Woman, what is that to Me and to you? My hour has not yet come.”

What is that to Me, etc. . .These words of our Savior, spoken to his mother, have been understood by some commentators as harsh, they not considering the next following verse: “Do whatever He shall say to you,” which plainly shows that His mother knew of the miracle that He was to perform, and that it was at her request He wrought it; besides the manner of speaking the words as to the tone, and the countenance shown at the same time, which could only be known to those who were present, or from what had followed: for words indicating anger in one tone of voice, would be understood quite the reverse in another.

2:5. His mother said to the waiters, “Do whatever He shall say to you.”
2:6. Now there were set there six stone water jars for the Jews' manner of purification which contained 18 to 27 gallons apiece.
2:7. Jesus said to them, “Fill the water jars with water,” and they filled them up to the brim.

2:8. Jesus said to them, “Draw out some now and carry it to the chief steward of the feast,” and they carried it.
2:9. When the chief steward had tasted the water made wine and did not know from where it was, but the waiters who had drawn the water knew, the chief steward called the bridegroom
2:10. and said to him, “Every man at first sets forth good wine, and when men have drunk well, then that which is worse. But you have kept the good wine until now.”
2:11. This was the beginning of miracles Jesus did in Cana of Galilee to manifest His glory, and His disciples believed in Him.
2:12. After this, He went down to Capernaum with His mother and His brethren and His disciples, but they did not remain there for many days.

2:13. The Passover of the Jews was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.

The Passover was also known as the pasch.

2:14. He found the moneychangers and those that sold oxen and sheep and doves sitting in the Temple.

2:15. When He had made a semblance of a scourge using little cords, He drove them all out of the Temple, the sheep also and the oxen; He also poured out the money of the changers and overthrew the tables.
2:16. He said to those who sold doves, “Take these things from here, and do not make the House of My Father a house of traffic.”
2:17. His disciples remembered that it was written: “The zeal of Your house has consumed me.”
2:18. The Jews, therefore, answered Him, “What sign do You show to us, seeing You do these things?”

2:19. Jesus answered them, “Destroy this Temple, and in three days I will raise it up.”
2:20. The Jews then said, “Forty-six years was this Temple in building, and will You raise it up in three days?”
2:21. But He spoke of the Temple of His body.
2:22. When therefore He had risen again from the dead, His disciples remembered that He had said this, and they believed the Scripture and the word that Jesus had said.
2:23. Now when He was at Jerusalem at the Passover on the festival day, many believed in His name, seeing His signs which He did.
2:24. But Jesus did not confide Himself to them because He knew all men,
2:25. and because He did not need anyone to give the testimony of man, for He knew what was in man.

Chapter 3

Christ's discourse with Nicodemus. John's testimony.

3:1. There was one of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews.

3:2. This man came to Jesus by night and said to Him, “Rabbi, we know that You have come as a teacher from God, for no man can do these signs which You do unless God is with him.”
3:3. Jesus answered him, “Amen, amen, I say to you, unless a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.”
3:4. Nicodemus said to Him, “How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter into his mother's womb a second time and be born again?”

3:5. Jesus answered, “Amen, amen, I say to you, unless a man be born again of water and the Holy Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.

Unless a man be born again, etc. . .By these words our Savior has declared the necessity of baptism; and by the word water it is evident that the application of it is necessary with the words. Matt. 28:19.

3:6. “That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.
3:7. “Do not wonder that I said to you, 'You must be born again.'
3:8. “The wind blows where it will and you hear its sound, but you do not know from where it comes and to where it goes. So is everyone that is born of the Spirit.”
3:9. Nicodemus said to Him, “How can these things be done?”
3:10. Jesus answered him, “Are you a master in Israel, and do not know these things?
3:11. “Amen, amen, I say to you that we speak what we know and we testify what we have seen, and you do not receive our testimony.
3:12. “If I have spoken to you earthly things and you do not believe, how will you believe if I shall speak to you heavenly things?
3:13. “No man has ascended into heaven except He that descended from heaven, the Son of Man who is in heaven.

3:14. “As Moses lifted up the serpent in the desert, so must the Son of man be lifted up
3:15. “that whoever believes in Him may not perish, but may have everlasting life.

3:16. “For God so loved the world as to give His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him may not perish but may have everlasting life.
3:17. “For God did not send His Son into the world to judge the world, but that the world may be saved by Him.
3:18. “He that believes in Him is not judged. But he that does not believe is already judged, because he does not believe in the Name of the only begotten Son of God.

Is not judged. . .He that believes, viz., by a faith working through charity, is not judged; that is, is not condemned; but the obstinate unbeliever is judged, that is, condemned already, by retrenching himself from the society of Christ and His Church.

3:19. “This is the cause of condemnation: because the light has come into the world and men loved darkness rather than the light, for their works were evil.

3:20. “For everyone that does evil hates the light and does not come to the light, that his works may not be reproved.

3:21. “But he that does truth comes to the light that his works may be made manifest, because they are done in God.''

He that does truth. . .that is, he that acts according to truth, which here signifies the Law of God. Your law is truth. Psa. 118. 142.

3:22. After these things, Jesus and His disciples came into the land of Judea, and there He abode with them and baptized.
3:23. John also was baptizing in Aenon near Salim, because there was much water there, and they came and were baptized,
3:24. for John was not yet cast into prison.
3:25. There arose a question between some of John's disciples and the Jews concerning purification.
3:26. They came to John and said to him, “Rabbi, He that was with you beyond the Jordan, to whom you gave testimony, behold, He baptizes and all men come to Him.”
3:27. John answered, “A man cannot receive anything, unless it is given him from Heaven.
3:28. “You yourselves bear me witness that I said I am not the Christ, but that I am sent before Him.
3:29. “He that has the bride is the bridegroom, but the friend of the bridegroom, who stands and hears Him, rejoices with joy because of the bridegroom's voice. This joy of mine is therefore fulfilled.
3:30. “He must increase, but I must decrease.
3:31. “He that comes from above is above all. He that is of the earth, of the earth he is, and of the earth he speaks. He that comes from Heaven is above all.
3:32. “He testifies what He has seen and heard, and no man receives His testimony.
3:33. “He that has received his testimony has set to his seal that God is true.

3:34. “For he whom God has sent speaks the words of God, for God does not give the Spirit by measure.
3:35. “The Father loves the Son, and He has given all things into His hand.
3:36. “He that believes in the Son has everlasting life, but he that does not believe the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him.”

Chapter 4

Christ talks with the Samaritan woman. He heals the ruler's son.

4:1. When Jesus therefore understood the Pharisees had heard that Jesus made more disciples and baptized more than John
4:2. (though Jesus Himself did not baptize, but His disciples did),

4:3. He left Judea and went again into Galilee,
4:4. and it was necessary for Him to pass through Samaria.

4:5. He came therefore to a city of Samaria, which is called Sychar, near the land which Jacob gave to his son Joseph.

4:6. Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied with His journey, consequently sat on the well. It was about the sixth hour after dawn.
4:7. A woman of Samaria came to draw water, and Jesus said to her, “Give Me a drink.”
4:8. For His disciples had gone into the city to buy meats.

4:9. Then that Samaritan woman said to Him, “How do You, a Jew, ask me, a Samaritan woman, for a drink? For the Jews do not communicate with the Samaritans.”
4:10. Jesus said to her, “If you knew the gift of God and who He is that says to you, 'Give Me a drink,' you perhaps would have asked Him, and He would have given you living water.”
4:11. The woman said to Him, “Sir, You have nothing in which to draw water, and the well is deep. From where then do You have living water?

4:12. “Are You greater than our father Jacob, who gave us the well and drank from it himself with his children and his cattle?”
4:13. Jesus answered her, “Whoever drinks of this water shall thirst again, but he that shall drink of the water that I will give him shall never thirst again,
4:14. “but the water that I will give him shall become in him a fountain of water, springing up into everlasting life.”
4:15. The woman said to Him, “Sir, give me this water that I may not thirst nor come here to draw water.”
4:16. Jesus said to her, “Go call your husband and come here.”
4:17. The woman said, “I have no husband.” Jesus said to her, “You have said well, 'I have no husband.'
4:18. “For you have had five husbands, and he whom you now have is not your husband. This you have said truly.”
4:19. The woman said to Him, “Sir, I perceive that You are a prophet.

4:20. “Our fathers adored on this mountain, and You say that at Jerusalem is the place where men must adore.”

This mountain. . .Gerizim, where the Samaritans had their schismatic temple.

4:21. Jesus said to her, “Woman, believe Me that the hour is coming when you shall adore the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem,.
4:22. “You adore that which you do not know; we adore that which we know, for salvation is from the Jews.
4:23. “But the hour comes and is now here when the true adorers shall adore the Father in spirit and in truth, for the Father also seeks such to adore Him.

4:24. “God is a spirit, and they that adore Him must adore Him in spirit and in truth.”
4:25. The woman said to Him, “I know that the Messiah is coming (who is called the Christ); therefore, when He has come, He will tell us all things.”
4:26. Jesus said to her, “I who am speaking with you am He.”
4:27. Immediately His disciples came, and they wondered that He talked with the woman. Yet no man said, “What do You seek?” or, “Why do You talk with her?”
4:28. The woman therefore left her water jar and went her way into the city and said to the men there,
4:29. “Come and see a man who has told me everything I have ever done. Is He not the Christ?”
4:30. They therefore went out of the city and came to Him.

4:31. In the meantime, the disciples besought Him, saying, “Rabbi, eat.”
4:32. But He said to them, “I have had meat to eat about which you do not know.”
4:33. The disciples therefore said to one another, “Has any man brought Him something to eat?”
4:34. Jesus said to them, “My meat is to do the will of Him that sent Me, that I may perfect His work.

4:35. “Do you not say, 'There are yet four months, and then the harvest comes?' Behold, I say to you, lift up your eyes and see the countries. For they are already ripe to harvest.
4:36. “He that reaps receives wages and gathers fruit for everlasting life, that both he that sows and he that reaps may rejoice together.
4:37. “For in this is the saying true: that it is one man that sows, and it is another that reaps.
4:38. “I have sent you to reap that in which you did not labor. Others have labored, and you have entered into their labors.”
4:39. Now many of the Samaritans of that city believed in Him because of the word of the woman giving testimony: “He told me everything I have ever done.”
4:40. So when the Samaritans came to Him, they desired that He would stay there, and He abode there two days.
4:41. Many more believed in Him because of His own word,
4:42. and they said to the woman, “We now believe not because of what you said, but because we ourselves have heard Him and know that this is indeed the Savior of the world.”

4:43. Now after two days, He departed from there and went into Galilee.
4:44. For Jesus Himself testified that a prophet has no honor in his own country.
4:45. When He had come into Galilee, the Galileans received Him, having seen all the things He had done at Jerusalem on the festival day, for they also went to the festival day.

4:46. He came again therefore into Cana of Galilee, where He made the water wine, and there was a certain ruler whose son was sick at Capernaum.

4:47. Having heard that Jesus had come from Judea into Galilee, he sent to Him and besought Him to come down and heal his son, for he was at the point of death.
4:48. Jesus therefore said to him, “You do not believe unless you see signs and wonders.”
4:49. The ruler said to Him, “Lord, come down before my son dies.”
4:50. Jesus said to him, “Go your way. Your son lives.” The man believed the word which Jesus said to him and went his way.
4:51. As he was going down, his servants met him and they brought word saying that his son lived.
4:52. He therefore inquired of them the hour in which he grew better. They said to him, “The fever left him yesterday at the seventh hour after dawn.”
4:53. The father therefore knew that it was at the same hour that Jesus said to him, “Your son lives,” and he himself and his whole house came to believe.
4:54. This again is the second miracle that Jesus did when He had come out of Judea into Galilee.

Meaning that Jesus had already performed another miracle that St. John did not record here.

Chapter 5

Christ heals the man languishing thirty-eight years on the Sabbath. His discourse upon this occasion.

5:1. After these things was a festival day of the Jews, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.
5:2. Now there is at Jerusalem a pond called Probatica, which in Hebrew is named Bethesda, having five porches.

Probatica. . .That is, the sheep pond; either so called because the sheep that were to be offered up in sacrifice in the Temple were washed in it, or because it was near the sheep gate. That this was a pond where miracles were wrought is evident from the sacred text; and also that the water had no natural virtue to heal, as one only of those put in after the motion of the water was restored to health; for if the water had the healing quality, the others would have the like benefit, being put into it about the same time.

5:3. In these lay a great multitude of sick, blind, lame, and withered waiting for the movement of the water.
5:4. An angel of the Lord descended at certain times into the pond and the water was moved. He that went down first into the pond after the motion of the water was healed of whatever infirmity with which he was afflicted.

5:5. There was a certain man there that had been under his infirmity thirty-eight years.
5:6. When Jesus had seen him lying there, and knowing that he had now been there a long time, He said to him, “Will you be made whole?”
5:7. The infirm man answered Him, “Sir, I have no man to put me into the pond when the water is troubled, for while I am coming, another goes down before me.”

5:8. Jesus said to him, “Arise, take up your bed and walk.”
5:9. Immediately the man was made whole, and he took up his bed and walked. It was the Sabbath that day.
5:10. The Jews therefore said to him that was healed, “It is the Sabbath. It is not lawful for you to take up your bed.”
5:11. He answered them, “He that made me whole said to me, 'Take up your bed and walk.'”
5:12. They therefore asked him, “Who is that Man who said to you, 'Take up your bed and walk?'”
5:13. But he who was healed did not know who it was, for Jesus went aside from the multitude standing in the place.
5:14. Afterwards, Jesus found him in the Temple and said to him, “Behold, you are made whole; sin no more, so that some worse thing does not happen to you.”
5:15. The man went his way and told the Jews that it was Jesus who had made him whole.
5:16. Consequently, the Jews persecuted Jesus because He did these things on the Sabbath.
5:17. But Jesus answered them, “My Father works until now; I work too.”
5:18. After this the Jews sought the more to kill Him, because not only did He break the Sabbath, but He also said God was His Father, making Himself equal to God.
5:19. Then Jesus said to them, “Amen, amen, I say to you, the Son cannot do anything on His own, but only what He sees the Father doing, for whatever the Father does, the Son also does in the same way.
5:20. “For the Father loves the Son and shows Him all things which He Himself does, and He will show Him greater works than these that you may wonder.

5:21. “For as the Father raises up the dead and gives life, so the Son also gives life to whom He chooses.
5:22. “For the Father does not judge any man, but has given all judgment to the Son,
5:23. “that all men may honor the Son as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who has sent Him.
5:24. “Amen, amen, I say to you that he who hears My word and believes Him that sent Me has everlasting life and is not subjected to condemnation but is passed from death to life.
5:25. “Amen, amen, I say to you, that the hour comes and is now here when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God, and they that hear shall live.
5:26. “For as the Father has life in Himself, so He has also given to the Son to have life in Himself.

5:27. “He has also given Him power to pass judgment because He is the Son of Man.
5:28. “Do not wonder at this, for the hour is coming in which all that are in the graves shall hear the voice of the Son of God.
5:29. “Those who have done good things shall come forth to the resurrection of life, but those who have done evil to the resurrection of judgment.

Unto the resurrection of judgment. . .That is, condemnation.

5:30. “I cannot do anything of Myself. As I hear, so I judge, and My judgment is just because I do not seek My own will but the will of Him that sent Me.
5:31. “If I bear witness for Myself, My witness is not true.
5:32. “There is another that bears witness for Me, and I know that the witness which He witnesses for Me is true.

5:33. “You asked John, and he gave testimony to the truth.
5:34. “But I do not receive testimony from man, but I say these things that you may be saved.
5:35. “He was a burning and a shining light, and you were willing to rejoice in his light for a time.
5:36. “But I have a greater testimony than that of John, for the works which the Father has given Me to perfect, the works themselves which I do, give testimony for Me that the Father has sent Me.
5:37. “The Father Himself who has sent Me has given testimony for Me, but you have neither heard His voice at any time nor seen His shape.
5:38. “You do not have His word abiding in you, for you do not believe Him whom He has sent.
5:39. “Search the Scriptures, for you think you will have everlasting life through them; the same give testimony for Me.
5:40. “You will not come to Me that you may have life.
5:41. “I do not receive glory from men,
5:42. “but I know you and that you do not have the love of God in you.
5:43. “I have come in the name of My Father, and you do not receive Me; if another shall come in his own name, you will receive him.
5:44. “How can you believe when you receive glory from one another and you do not seek the glory which is from God alone?

5:45. “Do not think that I will accuse you before the Father. There is one that will accuse you: Moses, in whom you trust.
5:46. “For if you believed Moses, you would perhaps believe Me also, for he wrote concerning Me.
5:47. “But if you do not believe his writings, how will you believe My words?”

Chapter 6

Christ feeds five thousand with five loaves. He walks upon the sea and discourses concerning the Bread of Life.

6:1. After these things Jesus went across the sea of Galilee, which is also called Lake Tiberias.
6:2. A great multitude followed Him because they saw the miracles which He wrought on those that were diseased.

6:3. Jesus therefore went up onto a mountain and He sat there with His disciples.
6:4. Now the Passover, the festival day of the Jews, was near at hand.
6:5. When Jesus therefore had lifted up His eyes and seen that a very great multitude had come to Him, He said to Philip, “From where shall we buy bread that these people may eat?”
6:6. He said this to test him, for He Himself knew what He would do.
6:7. Philip answered Him, “Two hundred days' wages of bread is not sufficient for everyone to take a little.”
6:8. One of His disciples, Andrew, the brother of Simon Peter, said to Him,
6:9. “There is a boy here that has five barley loaves and two fish. But what are these among so many?”

6:10. Then Jesus said, “Make the men sit down.” Now there was much grass in the place. The men therefore sat down, in number about five thousand.
6:11. Jesus took the loaves, and when He had given thanks, He distributed them to those who had sat down, and the fish also in the same way, as much as they pleased.
6:12. When they were filled, He said to His disciples, “Gather up the fragments that remain so that they are not lost.”
6:13. They therefore gathered up and filled twelve baskets with the fragments of the five barley loaves which remained in addition to that which had been eaten.
6:14. Now those men, when they had seen the extent of the miracle Jesus had done, said, “This is truly the prophet that is to come into the world.”
6:15. Jesus therefore, when He knew that they would come to take Him by force and make Him king, fled again into the mountains by Himself.
6:16. When evening had come, His disciples went down to the sea.
6:17. When they had gone up into a ship, they went across the sea to Capernaum. It was now dark, and Jesus had not come to them.
6:18. The sea arose by reason of a great wind that blew.
6:19. When they had rowed about three or four miles, they saw Jesus walking upon the sea and coming close to the ship and they were afraid.
6:20. But He said to them, “It is I. Do not be afraid.”
6:21. They were willing therefore to take Him into the ship, and soon the ship was at the land to which they were going.
6:22. The next day, the multitude that stood on the other side of the sea saw that there was no other ship there but one, and that Jesus had not entered into the ship with His disciples, but that His disciples had gone away alone.
6:23. But other ships came in from Tiberias to near the place where they had eaten the bread when the Lord gave thanks.
6:24. When therefore the multitude saw that Jesus was not there, nor His disciples, they set sail and came to Capernaum seeking Jesus.
6:25. When they had found Him on the other side of the sea, they said to Him, “Rabbi, when did You come here?”

6:26. Jesus answered them, “Amen, amen, I say to you, you seek Me, not because you have seen miracles, but because you ate the loaves and were filled.
6:27. “Do not labor for the meat which perishes, but for that which endures to everlasting life, which the Son of Man will give you, for God the Father has set His seal to Him.”
6:28. They therefore said to Him, “What shall we do, that we may work the works of God?”
6:29. Jesus answered them, “This is the work of God: that you believe in Him whom He has sent.”
6:30. They said therefore to Him, “What sign do You therefore show that we may see and may believe You? What do You work?
6:31. “Our fathers ate manna in the desert, as it is written: He gave them bread from Heaven to eat.

6:32. Then Jesus said to them, “Amen, amen, I say to you, Moses did not give you bread from Heaven, but My Father will give you the true bread from Heaven.
6:33. “For the bread of God is that which comes down from Heaven and gives life to the world.”
6:34. They therefore said to Him, “Lord, give us this bread always.”

6:35. Jesus said to them, “I am the Bread of Life. He that comes to Me shall not hunger, and he that believes in Me shall never thirst.
6:36. “But I said to you that you also have seen Me, and you do not believe.
6:37. “All that the Father gives to Me shall come to Me, and I will not cast out him that comes to Me.
6:38. “Because I came down from heaven, not to do My own will but the will of Him that sent Me.
6:39. “Now this is the will of the Father who sent Me: that I should lose nothing of all that He has given Me but should raise it up again on the last day.
6:40. “This is the will of My Father that sent Me: that every one who sees the Son and believes in Him may have everlasting life. I will also raise him up on the last day.”
6:41. The Jews therefore murmured at Him, because He had said, “I am the living bread which came down from Heaven.”

6:42. They said, “Is this not Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? How then does He say, 'I came down from Heaven?'”
6:43. Jesus therefore answered them, “Do not murmur among yourselves.
6:44. “No man can come to Me unless the Father, who has sent Me, draws him. I will also raise him up on the last day.

Draws him. . .Not by compulsion, nor by laying the free will under any necessity, but by the strong and sweet motions of His heavenly grace.

6:45. “It is written in the prophets: And they shall all be taught by God. Everyone that has heard of the Father and has learned comes to Me.
6:46. “Not that any man has seen the Father, but He who is of God has seen the Father.
6:47. “Amen, amen, I say to you, He that believes in Me shall have everlasting life.
6:48. “I am the Bread of Life.
6:49. “Your fathers ate manna in the desert, and are dead.
6:50. “This is the bread which came down from Heaven, and if any man eats of it, he will not die.
6:51. “I am the living bread which came down from Heaven.
6:52. “If any man eat of this bread, he shall live forever, and the bread that I will give for the life of the world is My flesh.”
6:53. Consequently, the Jews disputed among themselves, saying, “How can this man give us His flesh to eat?”
6:54. Then Jesus said to them, “Amen, amen, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink His blood, you shall not have life in you.

Unless you eat--and drink, etc. . .To receive the Body and Blood of Christ is a divine precept, insinuated in this text, which the faithful fulfill, even if they receive in only one kind; because in one kind they receive both Body and Blood, which cannot be separated from each other. Eternal life is promised here to those who receive worthily, even if only in one kind. Ver. 52. If any man eat of this bread, he shall live forever, and the bread that I will give for the life of the world is My flesh. Ver. 58. He that eats Me shall also live by Me. Ver. 59. He that eats this bread shall live forever.

6:55. “He that eats My flesh and drinks My blood has everlasting life, and I will raise him up on the last day.
6:56. “For My flesh is meat indeed, and My blood is drink indeed.
6:57. “He that eats My flesh and drinks My blood abides in Me and I in him.
6:58. “As the Living Father has sent Me and I live by the Father, so He that eats Me shall also live by Me.

6:59. “This is the bread that came down from heaven. Unlike your fathers who ate manna and are dead, he that eats this bread shall live forever.”

6:60. Jesus said these things while teaching in the synagogue in Capernaum.
6:61. Consequently, many of His disciples who heard it said, “This saying is hard, and who can listen to it?”
6:62. Because Jesus knew that His disciples murmured at this, He said to them, “Does this scandalize you?
6:63. “What if you shall see the Son of man ascend up to where He was before?

Christ by mentioning His ascension, by this instance of His power and divinity, would confirm the truth of what He had previously asserted, and at the same time correct their gross apprehension of eating His flesh and drinking His blood in a vulgar and carnal manner by letting them know He should take His whole body living with Him to Heaven, and consequently not suffer it to be as they supposed: divided, mangled, and consumed upon earth.

6:64. “It is the spirit that invigorates; the flesh is to no advantage. The words that I have spoken to you are spirit and life.

The flesh is to no advantage. . .Dead flesh separated from the spirit, in the gross manner they supposed they were to eat His flesh, would profit nothing. Neither is man's flesh, that is to say, man's natural and carnal apprehension, (which refuses to be subject to the spirit, and words of Christ,) to any advantage. But it would be the height of blasphemy, to say the living flesh of Christ (which we receive in the Blessed Sacrament, with His Spirit, that is, with His Soul and Divinity) is to no advantage. For if Christ's flesh was to no advantage, He would never have taken flesh for us, nor died in the flesh for us. Are spirit and life. . .By proposing to you a Heavenly Sacrament, in which you shall receive, in a wonderful manner, spirit, grace, and life, in its very fountain.

6:65. “But there are some of you that do not believe.” For Jesus knew from the beginning those who did not believe and the one that would betray Him.
6:66. He then said, “Because of this I said to you that no man can come to Me unless it be given him by My Father.”
6:67. After this, many of His disciples went back and walked with Him no more.
6:68. Then Jesus said to the Twelve, “Will you also go away?”
6:69. Simon Peter answered Him, “Lord, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life.
6:70. “We have believed and have known that You are the Christ, the Son of God.”
6:71. Jesus answered them, “Have not I chosen you twelve? And one of you is a devil.”
6:72. Now Jesus meant Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon, for Judas was about to betray Jesus and was one of the Twelve.

Chapter 7

Christ goes up to the feast of the tabernacles. He teaches in the Temple.

7:1. After these things, Jesus walked in Galilee, for He would not walk in Judea because the Jews sought to kill Him.
7:2. Now the Jewish Feast of Tabernacles was at hand.
7:3. His brethren said to Him, “Pass from here and go into Judea so that Your disciples may see the works You do.
7:4. “For there is no man that does anything in secret when he seeks to be known openly. If You do these things, manifest Yourself to the world.”
7:5. For neither did His brethren believe in Him.
7:6. Then Jesus said to them, “My time has not yet come, but your time is always ready.
7:7. “The world cannot hate you, but it hates Me because I testify that its works are evil.
7:8. “Go up to this festival day yourselves, but I do not go up to this festival day because My time is not accomplished.”
7:9. When He had said these things, He Himself stayed in Galilee.
7:10. But after His brethren had gone up, then He also went up to the feast, not openly, but as though in secret.
7:11. The Jews therefore sought Him on the festival day and said, “Where is He?”
7:12. There was much murmuring among the multitude concerning Him, for some said, “He is a good man,” and others said, “Not so, for He seduces the people.”
7:13. Yet no man spoke openly of Him for fear of the Jews.
7:14. Now about the middle of the feast Jesus went up into the Temple and taught,

7:15. and the Jews wondered, saying, “How does this man know letters without being educated?”

7:16. Jesus answered them, “My doctrine is not Mine, but the doctrine of Him that sent Me.
7:17. “If any man will do His Will, he shall know whether the doctrine is of God or whether I speak of Myself.
7:18. “He that speaks of himself seeks his own glory, but he that seeks the glory of him that sent him is truthful and there is no injustice in him.
7:19. “Did not Moses give you the Law, and yet none of you keep the Law?
7:20. “Why do you seek to kill Me?” The multitude answered, “You are possessed by a devil. Who seeks to kill You?”
7:21. Jesus answered them, “I have done one work, and you all wonder.
7:22. “Moses gave you circumcision (not because it is of Moses, but of the patriarchs), and on the Sabbath day you circumcise a man.
7:23. “If a man receives circumcision on the Sabbath day so that the Law of Moses may not be broken, why are you angry at Me because I have healed the whole man on the Sabbath day?
7:24. “Do not judge according to the appearance, but judge just judgment.”

7:25. Some of the people of Jerusalem therefore said, “Is not this He whom they seek to kill?
7:26. “Behold, He speaks openly, and they say nothing to Him. Have the rulers come to believe that this is certainly the Christ?
7:27. “We know this man and from where He is, though, but when the Christ comes, no man will know Him or from where He is.”
7:28. Jesus, who was teaching in the Temple, cried out, “You both know Me and from where I am. I have not come on My own, but He that sent Me is true, and you do not know Him.
7:29. “I know Him because I am from Him and He has sent Me.”
7:30. They therefore sought to apprehend Him, but no man laid hands on Him because His hour had not yet come.
7:31. But many of the people believed in Him and said, “When the Christ comes, shall He do more miracles than this man does?”
7:32. The Pharisees heard the people murmuring these things concerning Him, and the rulers and Pharisees sent ministers to apprehend Him.
7:33. Jesus therefore said to them, “I am with you a little while yet, and then I go to Him that sent Me.
7:34. “You shall seek Me and shall not find Me, and you cannot come to where I will be.”
7:35. The Jews therefore said among themselves, “To where will He go that we shall not find Him? Will He go to the dispersed among the Gentiles and teach the Gentiles?
7:36. “What is this saying that He has said, 'You shall seek Me and shall not find Me, and you cannot come to where I will be?'”

7:37. On the last and great day of the festivity, Jesus stood and cried, “If any man thirst, let him come to Me and drink.

7:38. “He that believes in Me shall be as the Scripture says: 'Out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water.'”
7:39. Now this He said concerning the Spirit which they who believed in Him should receive, for as yet the Spirit was not given because Jesus was not yet glorified.
7:40. Consequently, when the multitude had heard these words of His, some of them said, “This is the prophet indeed.”
7:41. Others said, “This is the Christ.” But some said, “Does the Christ come out of Galilee?

7:42. “Does not the Scripture say that Christ comes of the seed of David and from Bethlehem the town where David was?”
7:43. So there arose a dissension among the people because of Him,
7:44. and some of them would have apprehended Him, but no man laid hands upon Him.
7:45. The ministers therefore came to the chief priests and the Pharisees, and the chief priests and the Pharisees said to them, “Why have you not brought Him?”
7:46. The ministers answered, “Never did man speak like this man.”
7:47. The Pharisees therefore answered them, “Are you also seduced?
7:48. “Has any one of the rulers or of the Pharisees believed in Him?
7:49. “But this multitude that does not know the law is accursed.”
7:50. Nicodemus said to them (he that came to Jesus by night, who was one of them),
7:51. “Does our law judge any man unless it first hears him and knows what he does?”

7:52. They answered him, “Are you also a Galilean? Search the Scriptures, and see that a prophet does not rise out of Galilee.”
7:53. And every man returned to his own house.

Chapter 8

The woman caught in adultery. Christ justifies His doctrine.

8:1. Jesus went to mount Olivet,
8:2. and early in the morning He came again into the Temple, and all the people came to Him. He sat down and taught them.
8:3. The scribes and Pharisees brought to Him a woman caught in adultery, and they set her in the middle

8:4. and said to Him, “Master, this woman was caught in adultery just now.
8:5. “Now Moses in the law commanded us to stone such a one. But what do You say?”
8:6. They said this to test Him so that they might accuse Him, but Jesus stooped down and wrote on the ground with His finger.
8:7. When therefore they continued asking Him, He got up and said to them, “Let he that is without sin among you cast a stone at her first.”
8:8. Again stooping down, He wrote on the ground.
8:9. But they, hearing this, went out one by one, beginning with the eldest. Jesus alone remained, with the woman standing in the middle.
8:10. Then Jesus got up and said to her, “Woman, where are those who accused you? Has no man condemned you?”

8:11. She said, “No man, Lord.” Jesus said, “Neither will I condemn you. Go, and now sin no more.”
8:12. Again therefore, Jesus spoke to them, saying, “I am the light of the world. He that follows Me does not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.”
8:13. The Pharisees therefore said to Him, “You testify for Yourself. Your testimony is not true.”
8:14. Jesus answered them, “Although I testify for Myself, My testimony is true, for I know from where I came and to where I will go.
8:15. “You judge according to the flesh; I do not judge any man.
8:16. “And if I do judge, My judgment is true because I am not alone, but it is both I and the Father that sent Me who judge.
8:17. “In your law it is written that the testimony of two men is true.
8:18. “I for one testify for Myself, and the Father that sent Me also testifies for Me.”
8:19. Consequently, they said to Him, “Where is Your Father?” Jesus answered, “You know neither Me nor My Father. If you did know Me, perhaps you would know My Father also.”
8:20. These words Jesus spoke in the treasury while teaching in the Temple, and no man laid hands on Him because His hour had not yet come.

8:21. Again therefore Jesus said to them, “I will go, and you shall seek Me. You shall die in your sin. You cannot come to where I will go.”
8:22. The Jews therefore said, “Will He kill Himself, because He said, 'You cannot come to where I will go?'”
8:23. He said to them, “You are from below; I am from above. You are of this world; I am not of this world.
8:24. “Consequently, I said to you that you shall die in your sins. For if you do not believe that I am He, you shall die in your sin.”
8:25. They therefore said to Him, “Who are You?” Jesus said to them, “What I said to you in the beginning.
8:26. “I have many things to speak and to judge of you. But He that sent Me is true, and the things I have heard from Him I speak in the world.”
8:27. They did not understand that He called God His Father.
8:28. Consequently, Jesus said to them, “When you shall have lifted up the Son of Man, then shall you know that I am He and that I do nothing by Myself. I speak these things as the Father has taught Me.
8:29. “He that sent Me is with Me, and He has not left Me alone. For I always do the things that please Him.”
8:30. When he spoke these things, many believed in Him.
8:31. Then Jesus said to those Jews who believed Him, “If you continue in My word, you shall be My disciples indeed,
8:32. “and you shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.”
8:33. They answered Him, “We are the children of Abraham and we have never been slaves to any man. How do You say, 'You shall be free?'”
8:34. Jesus answered them, “Amen, amen, I say to you that whoever commits sin is the servant of sin.
8:35. “Now the servant does not abide in the house forever, but the son does abide forever.
8:36. “If therefore the son shall make you free, you shall be free indeed.
8:37. “I know that you are the children of Abraham, but you seek to kill Me because My word has no place in you.
8:38. “I speak that which I have seen with My Father, and you do the things that you have seen with your father.”

8:39. They answered Him, “Abraham is our father.” Jesus said them, “If you are the children of Abraham, do the works of Abraham.
8:40. “But now you seek to kill Me, a man who has spoken to you the truth which I have heard from God. Abraham did not do this.
8:41. “You do the works of your father.” Consequently, they said to Him, “We are not born of fornication; we have one Father, God.”
8:42. Jesus therefore said to them, “If God were your Father, you would indeed love Me, for I proceeded and came from God. For I did not come on My own initiative, but He sent Me.
8:43. “Why do you not understand My speech? Because you cannot bear to listen to My word.
8:44. “You are of your father the devil, and you will do the desires of your father. He was a murderer from the beginning, and he did not stand in the truth, because truth is not in him. When he speaks a lie, he speaks on his own, for he is a liar and the father of liars.
8:45. “But if I say the truth, you will not believe Me.
8:46. “Which of you shall convict Me of sin? If I say the truth to you, why do you not believe Me?
8:47. “He that is of God listens to the words of God. Therefore, you do not listen to them because you are not of God.”

8:48. The Jews therefore answered Him, “Do we not say well that You are a Samaritan and are possessed by a devil?”
8:49. Jesus answered, “I am not possessed by a devil, but I honor My Father, and you have dishonored Me.
8:50. “But I do not seek My own glory; there is one that seeks and judges.
8:51. “Amen, amen, I say to you, if any man keeps My word, he shall never experience death.”
8:52. The Jews therefore said, “Now we know that You are possessed by a devil. Abraham is dead, and the prophets are too, and You say, 'If any man keeps My word, he shall never experience death.'

8:53. “Are You greater than our father Abraham, who is dead? The prophets are dead too. Whom do You make Yourself to be?”
8:54. Jesus answered, “If I glorify Myself, My glory is nothing. It is My Father, whom you say is your God, that glorifies Me.
8:55. “You have not known Him, but I know Him. If I shall say that I do not know Him, I shall be like to you, a liar. But I do know Him and do keep His word.
8:56. “Abraham your father rejoiced that he might see My day; he saw it and was glad.”
8:57. The Jews therefore said to Him, “You are not yet fifty years old, and have you seen Abraham?”
8:58. Jesus said to them, “Amen, amen, I say to you, before Abraham was made, I AM.”
8:59. They therefore picked up stones to throw at Him, but Jesus hid Himself and went out of the Temple.

Chapter 9

Jesus gives sight to the man born blind.

9:1. Jesus was passing by and saw a man who was blind from his birth.
9:2. His disciples asked Him, “Rabbi, who has sinned that he should be born blind: this man or his parents?”
9:3. Jesus answered, “Neither has this man sinned, nor his parents, but it is that the works of God should be made manifest in him.
9:4. “I must work the works of Him that sent Me while it is day; the night shall come, when no man can work.

9:5. “As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.”
9:6. When He had said these things, He spat on the ground and made clay of the spittle and spread the clay upon the man's eyes

9:7. and said to him, “Go, wash in the pool of Siloam (which is translated Sent.)” He went therefore and washed, and he came from there able to see.
9:8. The neighbors, therefore, and those who had seen him before as a beggar said, “Is this not he that sat and begged?” Some said, “This is he.”
9:9. But others said, “No, but he is like him.” But he said, “I am he.”
9:10. They said to him, “How were your eyes opened?”
9:11. He answered, “That man that is called Jesus made clay and anointed my eyes and said to me, 'Go to the pool of Siloam and wash.' I went, I washed, and I see.”
9:12. They said to him, “Where is He?” He said, “I do not know.”
9:13. They brought the man who had been blind to the Pharisees.

9:14. Now it was the Sabbath when Jesus made the clay and opened his eyes.

9:15. The Pharisees again asked him how he had received his sight, but he said to them, “He put clay upon my eyes, I washed, and I see.”
9:16. Some of the Pharisees said, “This Man who does not observe the Sabbath is not of God.” But others said, “How can a man that is a sinner do such miracles?” And there was a division among them.
9:17. They therefore said to the blind man again, “What do you say about Him that has opened your eyes?” He said, “He is a prophet.”
9:18. The Jews then did not believe that the man had been blind and had received his sight until they called the parents of the man that had received his sight
9:19. and asked them, “Is this your son, whom you say was born blind? How then does he now see?”
9:20. His parents answered them, “We know that this is our son and that he was born blind,
9:21. “but we do not know how he sees nor do we know who has opened his eyes. He is of age; ask him. Let him speak for himself.”

9:22. His parents said these things because they feared the Jews, for the Jews had already agreed among themselves that if any man should confess Jesus to be the Christ he should be expelled from the synagogue.
9:23. Consequently, his parents said, “He is of age; ask him.”
9:24. They again called the man that had been blind and said to him, “Give glory to God. We know that this Man is a sinner.”
9:25. He said to them, “If He is a sinner, I do not know it. I know one thing: that I had been blind and now I see.”
9:26. They then said to him, “What did He do to you? How did He open your eyes?”
9:27. He answered them, “I have told you already, and you have heard. Why would you hear it again? Will you also become His disciples?”
9:28. They therefore reviled him and said, “Be His disciple, but we are the disciples of Moses.

9:29. “We know that God spoke to Moses, but as for this Man, we do not know from where He is.”
9:30. The man answered them, “Why, this is an astonishing thing that you do not know from where He is, and He has opened my eyes.
9:31. “Now we know that God does not hear sinners, but if a man is a servant of God and does His will, He listens to him.
9:32. “From the beginning of the world it has not been heard that any man has opened the eyes of one born blind.
9:33. “Unless this man were from God, He could not do anything.”
9:34. They answered him, “You were entirely born in sin, and do you teach us?” And they cast him out.
9:35. Jesus heard that they had cast him out, and when He had found him, He said to him, “Do you believe in the Son of God?”
9:36. He answered, “Who is He, Lord, that I may believe in Him?”
9:37. Jesus said to him, “You have seen Him, and it is He that is talking with you.”
9:38. He said, “I believe, Lord,” and he fell down and adored Him.
9:39. Jesus said, “I have come into this world for judgment, that those who do not see may see and those who see may become blind.”

I have come, etc. . .Not that Christ came for that end, that any one should be made blind, but that the Jews, by the abuse of His coming, and by their not receiving Him, brought upon themselves this judgment of blindness.

9:40. Some of the Pharisees who were with Him heard this, and they said to Him, “Are we also blind?”
9:41. Jesus said to them, “If you were blind, you should not have sin, but now you say, 'We see.' Your sin remains.”

If you were blind, etc. . .If you were invincibly ignorant, and had neither read the Scriptures, nor seen My miracles, you would not be guilty of the sin of infidelity, but now, as you boast of your knowledge of the Scriptures, you are inexcusable.

Chapter 10

Christ is the door and the good shepherd. He and His Father are one.

10:1. “Amen, amen, I say to you, he that does not enter into the sheepfold by the door but climbs up another way is a thief and a robber.

Shepherds frequently kept their sheep in cabins rather than in pens.

10:2. “But he that enters in by the door is the shepherd of the sheep.
10:3. “The porter opens to him, and the sheep hear his voice. He calls his own sheep by name and leads them out.
10:4. “When he has let his own sheep out, he goes before them, and the sheep follow him because they know his voice.
10:5. “Yet they do not follow a stranger, but flee from him because they do not recognize the voice of strangers.”
10:6. Jesus spoke this proverb to them, but they did not understand what He spoke.

10:7. Consequently, Jesus again said to them, “Amen, amen, I say to you, I am the door of the sheep.
10:8. “All others, as many as have come, are thieves and robbers, and the sheep do not listen to them.
10:9. “I am the door. If any man enter in by Me, he shall be saved, and he shall go in and go out and shall find pastures.

10:10. “The thief does not come except to steal and to kill and to destroy. I have come that they may have life and may have it more abundantly.

10:11. “I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd gives his life for his sheep.
10:12. “But the hireling and he that is not the shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, sees the wolf coming and leaves the sheep and flees, and the wolf catches and scatters the sheep,
10:13. “and the hireling flees because he is a hireling, and he has no care for the sheep.

10:14. “I am the good shepherd, and I know mine and mine know Me
10:15. “as the Father knows Me and I know the Father, and I lay down My life for My sheep.
10:16. “I have other sheep that are not of this fold; I must bring them also. They shall hear My voice, and there shall be one fold and one Shepherd.

10:17. “Consequently, the Father loves Me because I lay down My life that I may take it up again.
10:18. “No man takes it away from Me, but I lay it down by My own choosing. I have the power to lay it down, and I have the power to take it up again. I have received this commandment from My Father.”
10:19. A dissension rose among the Jews again because of these words.
10:20. Many of them said, “He is possessed by a devil and is mad. Why do you listen to Him?”
10:21. Others said, “These are not the words of one that is possessed by a devil. Can a devil open the eyes of the blind?”
10:22. It was the feast of the dedication at Jerusalem, and it was winter.

10:23. Jesus walked in the Temple in Solomon's porch.
10:24. The Jews therefore encircled Him and said to Him, “How long do You hold our souls in suspense? If You are the Christ, tell us plainly.”
10:25. Jesus answered them, “I speak to you, and you do not believe; the works that I do in the name of My Father testify for Me.

10:26. “But you do not believe, because you are not of My sheep.
10:27. “My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me.
10:28. “I give them everlasting life, and they shall never perish. No man shall pluck them out of My hand.
10:29. “That which My Father has given Me is greater than all, and no one can snatch them out of the hand of My Father.
10:30. “I and the Father are one.”

I and the Father are one. . .That is, one divine nature, but two distinct Persons.

10:31. The Jews then took up stones to stone Him.

10:32. Jesus answered them, “I have shown you many good works from My Father. For which of those works do you stone Me?”
10:33. The Jews answered Him, “We do not stone You for a good work, but for blasphemy and because You, a man, make Yourself God.”
10:34. Jesus answered them, “Is it not written in your law: I said, you are gods?
10:35. “If He called them gods to whom the Word of God was spoken, and the Scripture cannot be broken,
10:36. “do you say to Him whom the Father has sanctified and sent into the world, 'You blaspheme,' because I said, 'I am the Son of God?'
10:37. “If I do not do the works of My Father, do not believe Me.
10:38. “But if I do, though you will not believe Me, believe the works, that you may know and believe that the Father is in Me and I in the Father.”
10:39. They therefore sought to seize Him, but He escaped out of their hands.
10:40. He went again beyond the Jordan, into the place where John was first baptizing, and He abode there.

10:41. Many resorted to Him, and they said, “John indeed did no sign.
10:42. “But all the things John said about this Man were true.” And many believed in Him.

Chapter 11

Christ raises Lazarus to life. The rulers resolve to put Jesus to death.

11:1. Now there was a certain sick man named Lazarus who lived in Bethany, the town of Mary and her sister Martha.
11:2. (Mary was she that anointed the Lord with ointment and wiped His feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was sick.)
11:3. His sisters therefore sent news to Jesus, saying, “Lord, behold, he whom You love is sick.”
11:4. Jesus heard it and said to them, “This sickness is not for Death, but for the glory of God, that the Son of God may be glorified by it.”

11:5. Now Jesus loved Martha and her sister Mary and Lazarus.
11:6. When He had heard that Lazarus was sick, He still remained in the same place two days.
11:7. Then after that, He said to His disciples, “Let us go into Judea again.”
11:8. The disciples said to Him, “Rabbi, the Jews just now sought to stone You, and You are going there again?”
11:9. Jesus answered, “Are there not twelve hours of the day? If a man walks in the day he does not stumble, because he sees the light of this world,
11:10. “but if he walks in the night, he stumbles, because the light is not upon him.”
11:11. He said these things, and after that He said to them, “Lazarus our friend sleeps, but I am going that I may awaken him from sleep.”
11:12. His disciples therefore said, “Lord, if he sleeps, he shall do well.”
11:13. But Jesus spoke of his death, and they thought that He spoke of the restfulness of sleep.
11:14. Then Jesus said to them plainly, “Lazarus is dead.
11:15. “I am glad, for your sakes, that I was not there, that you may believe. But, let us go to him.”

11:16. Consequently, Thomas, who is called Didymus, said to his fellow disciples, “Let us also go, that we may die with Him.”
11:17. Jesus therefore came and found that Lazarus had already been in the grave four days.
11:18. (Now Bethany was near Jerusalem, nearly two miles away.)

11:19. Many of the Jews had come to Martha and Mary to comfort them concerning their brother.
11:20. Martha therefore, as soon as she heard that Jesus had come, went to meet Him, but Mary sat at home.
11:21. Martha therefore said to Jesus, “Lord, if You had been here, my brother would not have died.
11:22. “But I also know now that whatever You will ask of God He will give You.”
11:23. Jesus said to her, “Your brother shall rise again.”
11:24. Martha said to Him, “I know that he shall rise again, in the resurrection on the last day.”
11:25. Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life; he that believes in Me, although he be dead, shall live,
11:26. “and everyone that lives and believes in Me shall never die. Do you believe this?”
11:27. She said to Him, “Yes, Lord, I have believed that You are the Christ, the Son of the Living God, who has come into this world.”
11:28. When she had said these things, she went and called her sister Mary secretly, saying, “The Master has come and calls for you.”
11:29. She, as soon as she heard this, quickly rose and came to Him.
11:30. For Jesus had not yet come into the town, but was still in the place where Martha had met Him.
11:31. When the Jews who were with Mary in the house comforting her saw Mary rise up speedily and go out, they followed her, saying, “She is going to the grave to weep there.”
11:32. When Mary had come where Jesus was, she saw Him and fell down at His feet and said to Him, “Lord, if You had been here, my brother would not have died.”
11:33. Jesus, therefore, when He saw her weeping, and the Jews that had come with her weeping, groaned in the spirit and was troubled
11:34. and said, “Where have you laid him?” They said to Him, “Lord, come and see.”

11:35. And Jesus wept.
11:36. The Jews therefore said, “Behold, how He loved him.”
11:37. But some of them said, “Could not He that opened the eyes of the man born blind have caused that this man should not die?”
11:38. Jesus therefore again groaning in Himself, came to the sepulchre. Now it was a cave, and a stone was laid over it.
11:39. Jesus said, “Take away the stone.” Martha, the sister of him that was dead, said to Him, “Lord, by this time he stinks, for he has been buried four days now.”
11:40. Jesus said to her, “Did not I say to you that if you believe, you shall see the glory of God?”

11:41. They therefore took the stone away, and Jesus, lifting up His eyes, said, “Father, I give You thanks that You have heard Me.
11:42. “I knew that You always hear Me, but I have said it because of the people who stand around, that they may believe that You have sent Me.”
11:43. When He had said these things, He cried with a loud voice, “Lazarus, come out.”

11:44. He that had been dead immediately came out, bound feet and hands with winding bands, and his face was wrapped with a napkin. Jesus said to them, “Untie him and let him go.”
11:45. Consequently, many of the Jews who had come to Mary and Martha and had seen the things that Jesus did believed in Him.

11:46. But some of them went to the Pharisees and told them the things that Jesus had done.

11:47. The chief priests and the Pharisees, therefore, gathered a council and said, “What do we do, for this Man does many miracles?
11:48. “If we leave Him alone, all will believe in Him, and the Romans will come and take away our place and nation.”
11:49. But one of them, named Caiphas, being the high priest that year, said to them, “You know nothing.
11:50. “Neither do you consider that it is expedient for you that one man should die for the people and that the whole nation should not perish.”
11:51. This he did not speak of himself, but being the high priest of that year, he prophesied that Jesus should die for the nation,
11:52. yet not only for the nation, but to gather together into one the children of God that were dispersed.
11:53. From that day therefore they devised to put Jesus to death.

11:54. Because of this Jesus no longer walked openly among the Jews, but He went into a country near the desert to a city that is called Ephrem, and He abode there with His disciples.
11:55. The Passover of the Jews was at hand, and many from the country went up to Jerusalem before the Passover to purify themselves.
11:56. They sought for Jesus, and they discoursed with one another as they stood in the Temple, “What do you think about Him not coming to the festival day?” The chief priests and Pharisees had given a commandment that, if any man knew where Jesus was, he should inform them, that they might apprehend Him.

Chapter 12

The anointing of Christ's feet. His riding into Jerusalem upon a donkey. A voice from Heaven.

12:1. Six days before the Passover, Jesus came to Bethany, where He had raised Lazarus from the dead.
12:2. They made Him a supper there; Martha served it, and Lazarus was one of those who were at table with Him.

12:3. Mary therefore took a pound of ointment of pure spikenard, of great price, and anointed the feet of Jesus and wiped His feet with her hair. The house was filled with the odor of the ointment.
12:4. Then one of His disciples, Judas Iscariot, who was about to betray Him, said,
12:5. “Why was this ointment not sold for three hundred days' wages and given to the poor?”
12:6. Now he said this not because he cared for the poor, but because he was a thief and, having the purse, took the things that were put in it.
12:7. Jesus therefore said, “Leave her alone, that she may prepare in anticipation of the day of My burial.
12:8. “For you will always have the poor with you, but you will not always have Me.”

See the annotation of Matt. 26:11.

12:9. A great multitude of the Jews knew that He was there, and they came, not for Jesus' sake only, but that they might see Lazarus, whom He had raised from the dead.
12:10. But the chief priests thought to kill Lazarus also,
12:11. because many of the Jews, by reason of him, went away and believed in Jesus.
12:12. On the next day, a great multitude that had come to the festival day, when they had heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem,
12:13. took branches of palm trees and went out to meet Him and cried, “Hosanna. Blessed is He that comes in the name of the Lord, the King of Israel.”

12:14. Jesus found a young donkey and sat upon it, as it is written:
12:15. “Do not fear, daughter of Zion; behold, your King comes, sitting on an donkey's colt.”

12:16. His disciples did not know these things at first, but when Jesus was glorified, then they remembered that these things were written about Him and that they had done these things with Him.
12:17. The multitude that was with Him testified about when He called Lazarus out of the grave and raised him from the dead.
12:18. For this reason also the people came to meet Him, because they heard that He had done this miracle.
12:19. The Pharisees therefore said among themselves, “Do you see that we have not prevailed in anything? Behold, the whole world has gone after Him.”

12:20. Now there were certain Gentiles among those who came up to adore on the festival day.

12:21. They came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida of Galilee, and asked him, “Sir, we want to see Jesus.”
12:22. Philip came and told Andrew, and Andrew and Philip together told Jesus.

12:23. But Jesus answered them, “The hour has come that the Son of Man should be glorified.
12:24. “Amen, amen, I say to you, unless the grain of wheat that falls into the ground dies,
12:25. “it remains alone. But if it dies, it brings forth much fruit. He that loves his life shall lose it and he that scorns his life in this world keeps it to eternal life.

12:26. “If any man ministers to Me, let him follow Me, and where I am, there also shall My minister be. If any man ministers to Me, My Father will honor him.
12:27. “My soul is troubled now, and what shall I say? Father, save Me from this hour. But for this reason I came to this hour.
12:28. “Father, glorify Your Name.” A voice therefore came from Heaven, “I have glorified it and I will glorify it again.”

12:29. The multitude therefore that stood and heard said that it thundered. Others said, “An angel spoke to Him.”
12:30. Jesus answered, “This voice did not come because of Me, but for your sakes.
12:31. “Now is the judgment of the world; now shall the prince of this world be cast out.
12:32. “And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all things to Myself.”
12:33. (Now He said this to signify what death He should die.)
12:34. The multitude answered Him, “We have heard out of the Law that Christ abides forever. How then do You say, 'The Son of Man must be lifted up?' Who is this Son of Man?”
12:35. Jesus therefore said to them, “The light is among you a little while yet. Walk while you have the light and the darkness does not overtake you. He that walks in darkness does not know where he is going.
12:36. “While you have the light, believe in the light, that you may be the children of light.” Jesus spoke these things, and He went away and hid Himself from them.
12:37. Although He had done so many miracles before them, they did not believe in Him
12:38. that the saying of Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, in which he said, “Lord, who has believed our report? And to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?”
12:39. Therefore they could not believe, because Isaiah said again,[1]
12:40. “He has blinded their eyes and hardened their hearts, that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their hearts and be converted that I should heal them.”

12:41. Isaiah said these things when he saw His glory and spoke of Him.
12:42. However, many of the chief men also believed in Him, but because of the Pharisees they did not confess Him, that they might not be expelled from the synagogue.
12:43. For they loved the glory of men more than the glory of God.
12:44. But Jesus cried and said, “He that believes in Me does not believe in Me, but in Him that sent Me.
12:45. “And he that sees Me sees Him that sent Me.
12:46. “I have come as a light into the world that whoever believes in Me may not remain in darkness.

12:47. “If any man hears My words and does not follow them, I Myself do not judge him, for I came not to judge the world, but to save the world.
12:48. “He that despises Me and does not receive My words has one that judges him: the same word that I have spoken shall judge him on the last day.
12:49. “For I have not spoken of Myself, but the Father who sent Me gave Me the commandment of what I should say and what I should speak.
12:50. “And I know that His commandment is everlasting life. The things that I speak, therefore, I speak as the Father has spoken to Me.”

Chapter 13

Christ washes His disciples' feet. The treason of Judas. The new commandment of love.

13:1. Before the festival day of the Passover, Jesus knew that His hour had come when He should pass out of this world to the Father. He had loved His own who were in the world, and He loved them to the end.[2]

13:2. When supper was prepared (the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon, to betray Him),
13:3. knowing that the Father had given Him all things into His hands and that He came from God and would go to God,
13:4. He rose from the supper table and laid aside His garments and, having taken a towel, girded Himself.

13:5. After that, He put water into a basin and began to wash the feet of the disciples and to wipe them with the towel with which He was girded.

13:6. He came to Simon Peter, and Peter said to Him, “Lord, do You wash my feet?”
13:7. Jesus answered him, “You do not understand what I am doing now, but you will understand in the future.”
13:8. Peter said to Him, “You shall never wash my feet.” Jesus answered him, “If I do not wash you, you shall have no part with Me.”
13:9. Simon Peter said to Him, “Lord, not only my feet, but also my hands and my head.”
13:10. Jesus said to him, “He that is washed only needs to wash his feet, because the rest of him is clean. You are clean; but, not all of you are clean.”
13:11. For He knew who would betray Him, and that is why He said, “Not all of you are clean.”
13:12. Then after He had washed their feet and taken His garments, He sat down again and said to them, “Do you know what I have done to you?
13:13. “You call Me Master and Lord, and it is fitting that you say it, for so I am.
13:14. “If I then, being your Lord and Master, have washed your feet, you also ought to wash one another's feet.
13:15. “For I have given you an example: that as I have done to you, do also.
13:16. “Amen, amen, I say to you, the servant is not greater than his lord, nor is the apostle greater than he that sent him.
13:17. “If you know these things, you shall be blessed if you do them.
13:18. “I am not speaking about all of you; I know whom I have chosen. But that the Scripture may be fulfilled, He that eats bread with me shall lift up his heel against me,
13:19. “I tell you now before it occurs, that when it shall occur, you may believe that I am He.
13:20. “Amen, amen, I say to you, he that receives whomever I send receives Me, and he that receives Me receives Him that sent Me.”
13:21. When Jesus had said these things, He was troubled in spirit, and He declared, “Amen, amen, I say to you, one of you shall betray Me.”
13:22. The disciples therefore looked one at another, uncertain of whom He spoke.
13:23. Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of His disciples, whom Jesus loved.
13:24. Simon Peter therefore beckoned to him and said to him, “Who is it of whom He speaks?”
13:25. He therefore, leaning on the breast of Jesus, said to Him, “Lord, who is it?”

13:26. Jesus answered, “It is he to whom I shall pass dipped bread.” When He had dipped the bread, He gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon.
13:27. After the morsel, Satan entered into him, and Jesus said to him, “That which you do, do quickly.”
13:28. Now no man at the table knew why He said this to him.
13:29. For some thought, because Judas had the purse, that Jesus had said to him, “Buy those things which we need for the festival day,” or that he should give something to the poor.
13:30. He therefore, having received the morsel, went out immediately. It was night.
13:31. When he had gone out, Jesus said, “Now is the Son of Man glorified, and God is glorified in Him.
13:32. “If God is glorified in Him, God also will glorify Him in Himself, and He will glorify Him immediately.
13:33. “Little children, I am with you just a little while. You shall seek Me, and, as I said to the Jews, 'You cannot come to where I am going,' so I say to you now.
13:34. “I give you a new commandment: that you love one another as I have loved you.
13:35. “By this shall all men know that you are My disciples: if you have love for one another.”
13:36. Simon Peter said to Him, “Lord, where are You going?” Jesus answered, “You cannot follow Me where I am going now, but you shall follow in the future.”
13:37. Peter said to Him, “Why can I not follow You now? I will lay down my life for You.”
13:38. Jesus answered him, “Will you lay down your life for Me? Amen, amen, I say to you, the cock shall not crow until you deny Me three times.

Chapter 14

Christ's discourse after His Last Supper.

14:1. “Do not let your hearts be troubled. You believe in God; believe in Me also.
14:2. “In My Father's house there are many mansions. If not, I would have told you, because I go to prepare a place for you.
14:3. “If I shall go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and will take you to Myself, that you may also be where I am.

14:4. “You know where I am going, and you know the way.”
14:5. Thomas said to Him, “Lord, we do not know where You are going, and how can we know the way?”
14:6. Jesus said to him, “I Am the Way, and the Truth, and the Life. No man comes to the Father except by Me.
14:7. “If you had known Me, you would without doubt have known My Father also, and from now on you shall know Him. You have seen Him.”
14:8. Philip said to Him, “Lord, show us the Father, and it is enough for us.”
14:9. Jesus said to him, “I have been with you so long and you have not known Me? Philip, he that sees Me sees the Father also. How do you say, 'Show us the Father?'

14:10. “Do you not believe that I am in the Father and the Father is in Me? The words that I speak to you, I do not speak of Myself. But the Father who abides in Me does the works.
14:11. “Do you not believe that I am in the Father and the Father is in Me?
14:12. “If not, believe for the very works' sake. Amen, amen, I say to you, he that believes in Me shall also do the works that I do, and greater than these shall he do.
14:13. “Because I go to the Father, whatever you shall ask the Father in My name I will do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son.
14:14. “If you shall ask Me anything in My name, I will do it.
14:15. “If you love Me, keep My commandments.
14:16. “I will ask the Father, and He shall give you another Advocate,[3] that He may abide with you forever,[4]
14:17. “the Spirit of Truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees Him nor knows Him. But you shall know Him, because He shall abide with you and shall be in you.
14:18. “I will not leave you orphans; I will come to you.

14:19. “In a little while the world will see Me no more. But you will see Me because I live, and you shall live.
14:20. “In that day you shall know that I am in My Father, and you in Me, and I in you.
14:21. “He that has My commandments and keeps them is he that loves Me, and he that loves Me shall be loved by My Father, and I will love him and will manifest Myself to him.”
14:22. Judas, not the Iscariot, said to Him, “Lord, how is it that You will manifest Yourself to us, and not to the world?”

14:23. Jesus answered him, “If anyone loves Me, he will keep My word, and My Father will love him and We will come to him and will make our abode with him.
14:24. “He that does not love Me does not keep My words. The word which you have heard is not Mine, but the Father's who sent Me.
14:25. “I have spoken these things to you while I abide with you.
14:26. “But the Paraclete,[5] the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, will teach you all things and bring all things to your mind, whatever I shall have said to you.[6]
14:27. “Peace I leave you, My peace I give you; not as the world gives do I give to you. Do not let your hearts be troubled, nor let them be afraid.
14:28. “You have heard that I said to you, 'I go away, and I come to you.' If you loved Me, you would be glad indeed because I go to the Father, for the Father is greater than I.[7]
14:29. “I have told you now before it occurs, that when it shall occur, you may believe.
14:30. “I will not speak many things with you now, for the prince of this world comes, and he does not have any thing in Me.
14:31. “But, that the world may know that I love the Father, I do as the Father has commanded Me. Arise, let us go from here.

Chapter 15

A continuation of Christ's discourse to His disciples.

15:1. “I am the true vine, and My Father is the husbandman.
15:2. “He will take away every branch in Me that does not bear fruit, and He will prune every one that bears fruit that it may bring forth more fruit.
15:3. “Now you are clean, by reason of the word which I have spoken to you.
15:4. “Abide in Me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, unless it abides in the vine, so neither can you unless you abide in Me.

15:5. “I am the vine; you are the branches. He that abides in Me and I in him bears much fruit, for without Me you can do nothing.
15:6. “If anyone does not abide in Me, he shall be cast away as a branch and shall wither, and they shall gather him up and throw him into the fire, and he will burn.

15:7. “If you abide in Me and My words abide in you, you shall ask whatever you will, and it shall be done for you.
15:8. “In this is My Father glorified: that you bear abundant fruit and become My disciples.
15:9. “As the Father has loved Me, I also have loved you. Abide in My love.
15:10. “If you keep My commandments, you shall abide in My love, as I also have kept My Father's commandments and abide in His love.
15:11. “I have spoken these things to you, that My joy may be in you, and your joy may be filled.
15:12. “This is My commandment: that you love one another as I have loved you.
15:13. “No man has greater love than this: to lay down his life for his friends.
15:14. “You are My friends if you do the things that I command you.

15:15. “I will no longer call you servants, for the servant does not know what his lord does. But I have called you friends, because I have made known to you everything I have heard from My Father.
15:16. “You have not chosen Me, but I have chosen you and have appointed you that you should go and should bear fruit, and your fruit should remain that whatever you shall ask of the Father in My name He may give you.
15:17. “These things I command you: that you love one another.
15:18. “If the world hates you, know that it has hated Me before you.
15:19. “If you had been of the world, the world would love its own, but because you are not of the world but I have chosen you out of the world, the world hates you therefore.
15:20. “Remember My word that I said to you: 'The servant is not greater than his master.' If they have persecuted Me, they will also persecute you. If they have kept My word, they will keep yours also.
15:21. “But they will do all these things to you for My name's sake, because they do not know Him that sent Me.
15:22. “If I had not come and spoken to them, they would not have sin, but now they have no excuse for their sin.
15:23. “He that hates Me hates My Father also.
15:24. “If I had not done among them the works that no other man has done, they would not have sin, but now they have both seen and hated both Me and My Father.
15:25. “But that the word may be fulfilled which is written in their law: They hated me without cause.

15:26. “But when the Paraclete comes, whom I will send you from the Father, the Spirit of Truth who proceeds from the Father shall testify for Me.
15:27. “You shall also testify, because you have been with Me from the beginning.

Chapter 16

The conclusion of Christ's last discourse to His disciples.

16:1. “I have spoken these things to you that you may not fall away.

16:2. “They will expel you from the synagogues, yes, the hour will come that whoever kills you will think that he does a service to God.
16:3. “They do will these things to you because they have not known the Father nor Me.
16:4. “But I have told you these things, that when the hour shall come, you may remember that I told you about them.

16:5. “But I did not tell you these things from the beginning because I was with you. Now I go to Him that sent Me, and none of you ask Me, 'Where are You going?'
16:6. “But because I have spoken these things to you, sorrow has filled your heart.
16:7. “But I tell you the truth: it is expedient to you that I go. For if I do not go, the Paraclete will not come to you, but if I go, I will send Him to you.
16:8. “When He has come, He will convince the world of sin, of justice, and of judgment.[8]
16:9. “Of sin, because they did not believe in Me.
16:10. “Of justice, because I go to the Father and you shall see Me no longer.
16:11. “Of judgment, because the prince of this world is already judged.
16:12. “I have many things to say to you yet, but you cannot bear them now.

16:13. “But when the Spirit of Truth has come, He will teach you all truth. For He shall not speak of Himself, but whatever He shall hear, He shall speak, and He shall show you the things that are to come.[9]
16:14. “He shall glorify Me because He shall receive it from Me and shall speak it to you.
16:15. “Everything the Father has is Mine. Therefore, I said that He shall receive it from Me and shall speak it to you.
16:16. “A little while, and now you shall not see Me, and again a little while, and you shall see Me because I go to the Father.”
16:17. Then some of His disciples said to one another, “What is this that He says to us: 'A little while, and you shall not see Me, and again a little while, and you shall see Me,' and, 'Because I go to the Father?'”

16:18. They therefore said, “What is this that He says: 'A little while?' We do not know what He is saying.”
16:19. Jesus knew that they wanted to ask Him. He said to them, “Do you inquire about this among yourselves because I said, 'A little while, and you shall not see Me, and again a little while, and you shall see Me?'
16:20. “Amen, amen, I say to you that you shall lament and weep, but the world shall rejoice and you shall be made sorrowful, but, your sorrow shall be turned into joy.
16:21. “A woman, when she is in labor, has sorrow because her hour has come, but when she has given birth to the child, she remembers the anguish no more because of the joy that a man is born into the world.
16:22. “So you also indeed have sorrow now, but I will see you again and your hearts shall rejoice, and no man shall take your joy from you.
16:23. “In that day you shall not ask Me anything. Amen, amen, I say to you, if you ask the Father anything in My name, He will give it to you.

16:24. “Until now, you have not asked anything in My name. Ask, and you shall receive, that your joy may be complete.
16:25. “I have spoken these things to you in proverbs. The hour is coming when I will no longer speak to you in proverbs, but will show you the things of the Father plainly.
16:26. “In that day, you shall ask in My name, and I do not need to say to you that I will ask the Father for you,
16:27. “for the Father Himself loves you because you have loved Me and have believed that I came forth from God.
16:28. “I came forth from the Father and have come into the world, and I again leave the world and go to the Father.”
16:29. His disciples said to Him, “Behold, now You speak plainly and speak no proverb.
16:30. “Now we know that You know all things and You do not need any man to ask You. By this we believe that You came forth from God.”

16:31. Jesus answered them, “Do you now believe?
16:32. “Behold, the hour is coming, and has now come, that you shall be scattered, every man to his own place, and shall leave Me alone. Yet, I am not alone, because the Father is with Me.
16:33. “These things I have spoken to you, that you may have peace in Me. In the world you shall have distress. But have confidence. I have overcome the world.”

Chapter 17

Christ's prayer for His disciples.

17:1. Jesus spoke these things, and lifting up His eyes to heaven, He said, “The hour has come. Glorify Your Son, that Your Son may glorify You.
17:2. “As You have given Him power over all flesh, may He give eternal life to all whom You have given Him.
17:3. “Now this is eternal life: that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom You have sent.
17:4. “I have glorified You on the earth; I have finished the work which You gave Me to do.
17:5. “Now glorify Me with Yourself also, O Father, with the glory which I had with You before the world existed.

17:6. “I have manifested Your Name to the men whom You have given Me out of the world. They were Yours, and You gave them to Me. They have kept Your word.
17:7. “Now they have known that all things which You have given Me are from You
17:8. “because the words which You gave Me, I have given to them. They have received them and have known for certain that I came forth from You, and they have believed that You did send Me.
17:9. “I pray for them. I do not pray for the world, but for those whom You have given Me, because they are Yours.
17:10. “All My things are Yours, and Yours are Mine, and I am glorified in them.
17:11. “Now I am no longer in the world, and I am coming to You, but these are in the world. Holy Father, keep in Your name those whom You have given Me, that they may be one, as We also are.
17:12. “While I was with them, I kept them in Your name. I have kept those whom You gave Me, and none of them has been lost but the son of perdition, that the Scripture may be fulfilled.
17:13. “Now I am coming to You, and I speak these things in the world, that they may have My joy filled in themselves.
17:14. “I have given them Your word, and the world has hated them because they are not of the world, as I also am not of the world.

17:15. “I do not pray that You should take them out of the world, but that You should keep them from evil.
17:16. “They are not of the world, as I also am not of the world.
17:17. “Sanctify them in truth. Your word is truth.
17:18. “As You have sent Me into the world, I also have sent them into the world.
17:19. “I sanctify Myself for them, that they also may be sanctified in truth.
17:20. “I pray not only for them, but also for those who through their word shall believe in Me,

17:21. “that they all may be one, as You, Father, in Me, and I in You; that they also may be one in Us; that the world may believe that You have sent Me.
17:22. “The glory which You have given Me I have given to them, that they may be one as We also are one.
17:23. “I in them, and You in Me; that they may be made perfect in one, and the world may know that You have sent Me and have loved them as You have also loved Me.
17:24. “Father, I will that where I am, they also whom You have given Me may be with Me, that they may see My glory which You have given Me, because You have loved Me before the creation of the world.
17:25. “Just Father, the world has not known You, but I have known You, and these have known that You have sent Me.

17:26. “I have made Your Name known to them and will make it known, that the love with which You have loved Me may be in them, and I in them.”

Chapter 18

The narrative of the Passion of Christ.

18:1. When Jesus had said these things, he went out with His disciples over the brook Kidron, where there was a garden, into which He entered with His disciples.

18:2. Judas, who betrayed Him, also knew the place, because Jesus had often resorted to there together with His disciples.
18:3. Judas, therefore, having received a band of soldiers and servants from the chief priests and the Pharisees, came there with lanterns, torches, and weapons.
18:4. Jesus therefore, knowing all things that should come upon Him, went out and said to them, “Whom do you seek?”
18:5. They answered Him, “Jesus of Nazareth.” Jesus said to them, “I am He.” Judas, who betrayed Him, also stood with them.
18:6. As soon as He had said to them, “I am He,” they went backwards and fell to the ground.
18:7. Jesus asked them again, “Whom do you seek?” They said, “Jesus of Nazareth.”
18:8. Jesus answered, “I have told you that I am He. If therefore you seek Me, let these go their way,”
18:9. that the word might be fulfilled which He said, “Of those whom you have given Me, I have not lost anyone.”

18:10. Then Simon Peter, having a sword, drew it and struck the servant of the high priest and cut off his right ear. The name of the servant was Malchus.
18:11. Jesus therefore said to Peter, “Put your sword into the scabbard. Shall I not drink the chalice which My father has given Me?”

18:12. Then the band and the tribune and the servants of the Jews took Jesus and bound Him.
18:13. They led Him away to Annas first, for he was father-in-law to Caiaphas, who was the high priest of that year.
18:14. Now Caiaphas was he who had given the counsel to the Jews that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.
18:15. Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple. That disciple was known to the high priest and went in with Jesus into the court of the high priest.
18:16. But Peter stood at the door outside. The other disciple therefore, who was known to the high priest, went out and spoke to the portress and brought in Peter.
18:17. The maid that was portress said to Peter, “Are you not also one of this Man's disciples?” He said, “I am not.”
18:18. Now the servants and ministers stood at a fire of coals and warmed themselves because it was cold, and Peter was also standing and warming himself with them.
18:19. The high priest therefore asked Jesus about His disciples and about His doctrine.
18:20. Jesus answered Him, “I have spoken openly to the world. I have always taught in the synagogue and in the Temple, to where all the Jews resort, and I have spoken nothing in secret.
18:21. “Why do you ask Me? Ask those who have heard what I have spoken to them. Behold, they know what things I have said.”
18:22. When He had said these things, one of the servants standing by struck Jesus, saying, “Do you answer the high priest in that manner?”
18:23. Jesus answered him, “If I have spoken evil, testify regarding the evil; but if well, why do you strike Me?”

18:24. Annas sent Him bound to Caiaphas the high priest.
18:25. Simon Peter was standing and warming himself. They therefore said to him, “Are you not also one of His disciples?” He denied it and said, “I am not.”
18:26. One of the servants of the high priest (a kinsman to him whose ear Peter cut off) said to him, “Did I not see you in the garden with Him?”

18:27. Peter therefore denied again, and immediately the cock crowed.
18:28. Then they led Jesus from Caiaphas to the governor's hall. It was morning, and they did not go into the hall that they might not be defiled but might eat the Pasch.
18:29. Pilate therefore went out to them and said, “What accusation do you bring against this Man?”
18:30. They answered him, “If He were not a criminal, we would not have delivered Him up to you.”
18:31. Pilate therefore said to them, “Take Him and judge Him according to your law.” The Jews therefore said to him, “It is not lawful for us to put any man to death,”
18:32. that the word of Jesus might be fulfilled which He said signifying what death He should die.
18:33. Pilate therefore went into the hall again and called Jesus and said to Him, “Are You the king of the Jews?”
18:34. Jesus answered, “Do you say this thing on your own, or have others said it to you about Me?”
18:35. Pilate answered, “Am I a Jew? Your own nation and the chief priests have delivered You up to me. What have you done?”
18:36. Jesus answered, “My kingdom is not of this world. If My kingdom were of this world, My servants would certainly endeavor that I should not be delivered to the Jews; but, My kingdom is not of this world.”
18:37. Pilate therefore said to Him, “Are You a king then?” Jesus answered, “You say that I am a king. For this was I born, and for this came I into the world: that I should give testimony to the truth. Everyone that is of the truth hears My voice.”
18:38. Pilate said to Him, “What is truth?” When he said this, he went out again to the Jews and said to them, “I find no crime in Him.
18:39. “But you have a custom that I should release someone to you at the Passover. Do you wish, therefore, that I release the King of the Jews to you?”
18:40. Then they all cried again, “Not this Man, but Barabbas.” Now Barabbas was a robber.

Chapter 19

The continuation of the narrative of the Passion of Christ.

19:1. Then therefore Pilate took Jesus and had Him scourged.

19:2. The soldiers braided a crown of thorns and put it upon His head, and they put a purple garment on Him.
19:3. They also came to Him and said, “Hail, King of the Jews,” and they struck Him.

19:4. Pilate therefore went out again and said to the them, “Behold, I bring Him out to you, that you may know that I find no crime in Him.”
19:5. (Jesus therefore came out, bearing the crown of thorns and the purple garment.) Pilate said to them, “Behold, the Man.”
19:6. When the chief priests and the servants had seen Him, they cried out, “Crucify Him, crucify Him.” Pilate said to them, “Take Him yourselves and crucify Him, for I find no crime in Him.”
19:7. The Jews answered him, “We have a law, and according to the law He ought to die because He made Himself the Son of God.”
19:8. When Pilate heard this, he feared the more.

19:9. He entered into the hall again, and he said to Jesus, “Where are you from?” But Jesus gave him no answer.
19:10. Pilate therefore said to Him, “Do You not speak to me? Do You not know that I have the power to crucify You, and I have the power to release You?”
19:11. Jesus answered, “You would not have any power over Me unless it were given you from above. Therefore, he that has delivered Me to you has the greater sin.”
19:12. From then on Pilate sought to release Him. But the Jews cried out, “If you release this Man, you are not Caesar's friend, for whoever makes himself a king speaks against Caesar.”

19:13. Now when Pilate had heard these words, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judgment seat, in the place that is called Stone Pavement,[10] and in Hebrew Gabbatha.
19:14. It was the preparation day for the Passover, about the sixth hour after dawn, and Pilate said to the Jews, “Behold, your king.”[11]
19:15. But they cried out, “Away with Him. Away with Him. Crucify Him.” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your king?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar.”
19:16. Then therefore he delivered Him to them to be crucified, and they took Jesus and led Him away.
19:17. Bearing His own cross, He went out to the place which is called the Place of the Skull,[12] but in Hebrew Golgotha,
19:18. where they crucified Him, and with Him two others, one on each side, and Jesus in the middle.
19:19. Pilate wrote a title also, and he put it upon the cross. The writing was: JESUS OF NAZARETH, THE KING OF THE JEWS.
19:20. Many of the Jews read this title therefore, because the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and it was written in Hebrew, in Greek, and in Latin.
19:21. Then the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Do not write, 'The King of the Jews,' but that He said, 'I am the King of the Jews.'”
19:22. Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.”

19:23. The soldiers therefore, when they had crucified Him, took His garments, (and they made four parts, to every soldier a part) and also His coat. Now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout.
19:24. They then said to one another, “Let us not cut it but let us cast lots for it to see whose it shall be,” that the scripture might be fulfilled: “They have parted my garments among them, and for my vesture they have cast lots.” The soldiers indeed did these things.
19:25. Now by the cross of Jesus there stood His mother and His mother's sister, Mary of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.
19:26. When Jesus therefore had seen His mother and the disciple whom He loved standing there, He said to His mother, “Woman, behold, your son.”

19:27. After that, He said to the disciple, “Behold, your mother.” From that hour, the disciple took care of her as his own.
19:28. Afterwards, Jesus, knowing that all things were now accomplished, said, “I thirst,” that the Scripture might be fulfilled.
19:29. Now there was a vessel full of vinegar set there. They put a sponge full of vinegar on hyssop and put it to His mouth.
19:30. Jesus therefore, when He had taken the vinegar, said, “It is consummated,” and bowing His head, He gave up the spirit.
19:31. Then the Jews (because it was the preparation day), that the bodies might not remain upon the cross on the Sabbath day (for that was a great Sabbath day), besought Pilate that their legs might be broken and that they might be taken away.
19:32. The soldiers therefore came, and they broke the legs of the first and of the other that was crucified with Jesus.
19:33. But after they had come to Jesus, when they saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs.

19:34. But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out.
19:35. He that saw it has given testimony, and his testimony is true. He knows that he said the truth, that you also may believe.
19:36. For these things were done that the scripture might be fulfilled: “You shall not break a bone of him.”
19:37. Again. another scripture passage says, “They shall look on him whom they pierced.”
19:38. After these things, Joseph of Arimathea (because he was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews), besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus, and Pilate gave him permission. He came therefore and took away the body of Jesus.
19:39. Nicodemus also came (he who in the beginning came to Jesus by night), bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes that weighed about seventy-five pounds.
19:40. They therefore took the body of Jesus and bound it in l
inen cloths with the spices, as is the manner of Jewish burial.
19:41. Now there was a garden in the place where He was crucified, and in the garden there was a new sepulchre in which no man had yet been laid.
19:42. Therefore, because of the preparation day of the Jews, they laid Jesus there because the sepulchre was nearby.

Chapter 20

Christ's resurrection and manifestation to His disciples.

20:1. On the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene came to the sepulchre early, when it was still dark, and she saw the stone had been taken away from the sepulchre.

File:Mary Magdalene and the Holy Women at the Tomb 001.jpg|On the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene came to the sepulchre early, when it was still dark, and she saw the stone had been taken away from the sepulchre.
John 20:2 File:Mary Madgalene Tells the Apostles the Body of Jesus is Missing 001.jpg|She ran therefore and came to Simon Peter and to the other disciple whom Jesus loved and said to them, “They have taken away the Lord out of the sepulchre, and we do not know where they have laid Him.”
John 20:2 File:Saint Peter and Saint John Run to the Sepulchre 001.jpg|They both ran together, and that other disciple outran Peter and came to the sepulchre first.
John 20:4 </gallery></noinclude>

20:2. She ran therefore and came to Simon Peter and to the other disciple whom Jesus loved and said to them, “They have taken away the Lord out of the sepulchre, and we do not know where they have laid Him.”
20:3. Peter and the other disciple therefore went out, and they came to the sepulchre.
20:4. They both ran together, and that other disciple outran Peter and came to the sepulchre first.
20:5. When he stooped down, he saw the linen cloths lying there, yet he did not go in.
20:6. Then Simon Peter came, following him, and went into the sepulchre, and saw the linen cloths lying there,
20:7. and the napkin that had been around His head not lying with the linen cloths, but wrapped up by itself in one place.
20:8. Then that other disciple, who came to the sepulchre first, also went in, and he saw and believed.
20:9. For as yet they did not know from Scripture that He must rise again from the dead.
20:10. The disciples therefore departed again to their home.

20:11. But Mary stood outside weeping at the sepulchre. Now as she was weeping, she stooped down and looked into the sepulchre,
20:12. and she saw two angels in white, one sitting at the head and one at the feet of where the body of Jesus had been laid.
20:13. They said to her, “Woman, why do you weep?” She said to them, “Because they have taken away my Lord, and I do not know where they have laid Him.”
20:14. When she had said this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing, and she did not know that it was Jesus.
20:15. Jesus said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping? Whom do you seek?” She thought that He was the gardener[13] and said to Him, “Sir, if You have taken Him from here, tell me where You have laid Him, and I will take Him away.”
20:16. Jesus said to her, “Mary.” She turned and said to Him, “Rabboni” (which means Master).

20:17. Jesus said to her, “Do not touch Me, for I have not yet ascended to My Father. But go to My brethren and say to them, 'I ascend to My Father and to your Father, to My God and to your God.'”
20:18. Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples, “I have seen the Lord, and these things He said to me.”
20:19. Now when it was late the same day, the first of the week, and the doors where the disciples were gathered together were shut for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in the midst of them and said to them, “Peace be to you.”[14]
20:20. When He had said this, He showed them His hands and His side. The disciples therefore were glad when they saw the Lord.
20:21. He therefore said to them again, “Peace be to you. As the Father has sent Me, I also send you.”
20:22. When He had said this, He breathed on them, and He said to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit.
20:23. “Whoever's sins you shall forgive are forgiven them, and whoever's sins you shall retain are retained.”[15]
20:24. Now Thomas, one of the Twelve, who is called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came.
20:25. The other disciples therefore said to him, “We have seen the Lord.” But he said to them, “Unless I shall see in His hands the print of the nails and put my finger into the place of the nails and put my hand into His side, I will not believe.”
20:26. After eight days, His disciples were again inside, and Thomas with them. Though the doors were shut, Jesus came and stood in the midst of them and said, “Peace be to you.”

20:27. Then He said to Thomas, “Put your finger in here and see My hands, and bring the hand here and put it into My side. Do not be faithless, but believing.”
20:28. Thomas answered Him, “My Lord and my God.”
20:29. Jesus said to him, “Because you have seen Me, Thomas, you have believed; blessed are those who have not seen and have believed.”
20:30. Jesus also did many other signs in the sight of His disciples which are not written in this book.
20:31. But these are written, that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing, you may have life in His name.

Chapter 21

Christ manifests Himself to His disciples by the seaside and gives Peter the charge of His sheep.

21:1. After this, Jesus showed Himself to the disciples at the sea of Tiberias. He showed Himself in this manner:
21:2. Simon Peter, Thomas (called Didymus), Nathanael (from Cana in Galilee), the sons of Zebedee, and two others of His disciples were together.
21:3. Simon Peter said to them, “I am going fishing.” They said to him, “We are also coming with you.” They went out and entered into the ship, and that night they caught nothing.
21:4. But when the morning had come, Jesus stood on the shore, yet the disciples did not know that it was Jesus.

21:5. Jesus therefore said to them, “Children, do you have any meat?” They answered Him, “No.”
21:6. He said to them, “Cast the net on the right side of the ship, and you shall find.” They cast therefore, and now they were not able to draw it because of the multitude of fish.

21:7. That disciple therefore whom Jesus loved said to Peter, “It is the Lord.” Simon Peter, when he heard that it was the Lord, girt his coat around him (for he had not been wearing it) and jumped into the sea.

21:8. But the other disciples came in the ship (for they were not far from the land, but about a hundred yards) dragging the net with fish.

21:9. Then, as soon as they came to land, they saw hot coals lying there with a fish laid on it, and bread also.
21:10. Jesus said to them, “Bring some of the fish here which you have just caught.”
21:11. Simon Peter went up and drew the net to land, full of one hundred and fifty-three large fish. Although there were so many, the net was not broken.

21:12. Jesus said to them, “Come and dine.” None of those who were at the meal dared ask Him, “Who are You?” knowing that it was the Lord.

21:13. Jesus came and took the bread and gave it to them, and the fish in the same way.
21:14. This was now the third time that Jesus was manifested to His disciples after He had risen from the dead.

21:15. When therefore they had dined, Jesus said to Simon Peter, “Simon, son of John, do you love Me more than these?” He said to Him, “Yes, Lord, You know that I love you.” He said to him, “Feed My lambs.”

21:16. He said to him again, “Simon, son of John, do you love Me?” He said to Him, “Yes, Lord, You know that I love You.” He said to him, “Feed My lambs.”
21:17. He said to him a third time, “Simon, son of John, do you love Me?” Peter was grieved because He had said to him the third time, “Do you love Me?” He said to Him, “Lord, You know all things; You know that I love You.” He said to him, “Feed My sheep.[16]
21:18. “Amen, amen, I say to you, when you were younger, you girded yourself and walked where you wished. But when you shall be old, you shall stretch out your hands, and another shall gird you and lead you where you do not wish.”
21:19. He said this to signify by what death he should glorify God. When He had said this, He said to him, “Follow Me.”

21:20. Peter turned around and saw that disciple whom Jesus loved was following, he who had also leaned on His breast at supper and said, “Lord, who is he that shall betray You?”
21:21. When Peter had seen him therefore, he said to Jesus, “Lord, what shall this man do?”
21:22. Jesus said to him, “If I will have him remain until I come, what does it concern you? Follow Me.”
21:23. This saying therefore went abroad among the brethren: that that disciple should not die. Jesus did not say to him, “He should not die,” but, “If I will have him remain until I come, what does it concern you?”
21:24. This is that disciple who gives testimony of these things and has written these things, and we know that his testimony is true.
21:25. But there are also many other things which Jesus did which, if every one of them were written, the world itself, I think, would not be able to contain the books that should be written.


  1. They could not believe. . .Because they would not, said St. Augustine, Tract. 33, in Joan. See the annotation, St. Mark 4:12.
  2. Before the festival day of the Passover. . .This was the fourth and last Passover of the ministry of Christ, and according to the common computation, was in the thirty-third year of our Lord and in the year of the world 4036. Blessed Anne Catherine Emmerich states that when Jesus died, He was thirty-three years, four months, and two weeks old (Life of Christ, Volume I, page 196).
  3. Advocate. . .The original word was Paraclete, which can mean a comforter or an advocate, and as He inspires prayer, He prays, as it were, in us, and pleads for us.
  4. Forever. . .Hence it is evident that this Spirit of Truth was not only promised to the persons of the Apostles, but also to their successors through all generations.
  5. The Advocate mentioned in verse 16.
  6. Teach you all things. . .Here the Holy Spirit is promised to the Apostles and their successors, particularly, in order to teach them all truth,</div> and to preserve them from error.
  7. For the Father is greater than I. . .It is evident, that Christ our Lord speaks here of Himself as He is made man, for as God He is equal to the Father. (See Phil. 2.) Any difficulty of understanding the meaning of these words will vanish, when the relative circumstances of the text here are considered: because Christ would soon suffer death, He signified to His Apostles His human nature by these very words, for as God He could not die. Therefore, as He was both God and man, it must follow that according to His humanity He was to die, which the Apostles were soon to see and believe, as he expresses, ver. 29. I have told you now before it occurs, that when it shall occur, you may believe.
  8. He will convince the world of sin, etc. . .The Holy Spirit, by His coming brought over many thousands, first, to a sense of their sin in not</div> believing in Christ. Secondly, to a conviction of the justice of Christ, now sitting at the right hand of His Father. Thirdly, to a right apprehension of the judgment prepared for them that choose to follow Satan, who is already judged and condemned.
  9. Will teach you all truth. . .See the annotation on John 14:26.
  10. Also called Lithostrotos
  11. The preparation day of the Passover. . .That is, the day before the paschal Sabbath. The eve of every Sabbath was called the parasceve, or day of preparation. But this was the eve of a high Sabbath, viz., that which fell in the paschal week.
  12. Also called Calvary
  13. Blessed Anne Catherine Emmerich adds moreover that Jesus was also holding a spade and wearing a large hat.
  14. The doors were shut. . .The same power which could bring Christ's whole body, entire in all its dimensions, through the doors, can without the least question make the same body really present in the sacrament, even though both the one and the other are beyond our comprehension.
  15. Whoever's sins, etc. . .See here the commission by virtue of which the pastors of Christ's Church absolve repenting sinners upon their confession.
  16. Feed My sheep. . .Our Lord had promised the spiritual supremacy to St. Peter; St. Matt. 16:19; and here He fulfills that promise, by charging him with the superintendency of all His sheep, without exception; and consequently of His whole flock, that is, of His own Church.

See also:
Gospel of John
First Epistle of St. John
First Epistle of John
Second Epistle of St. John
Second Epistle of John
Third Epistle of St. John
Third Epistle of John

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