1:69. “and has raised up a horn of salvation to us, in the house of David His servant,
Horn of salvation. . .That is, a powerful salvation, as Dr. Witham translates it, or also as a mighty Savior. For in the Scripture, a horn is generally understood as strength and power, just as it is with the animal equipped with it.
1:70. “as he spoke by the mouth of His holy prophets, who are from the beginning.
1:71. “Salvation from our enemies and from the hands of all that hate us;
1:72. “to show mercy towards our fathers and to remember His holy covenant,
1:73. “the oath, which He swore to Abraham our father, that He would grant to us,
1:74. “that being delivered from the hand of our enemies, we may serve Him without fear
1:75. “in holiness and justice before Him all our days.
1:76. “You, child, shall be called the prophet of the Highest, for you shall go before the Lord to prepare His ways,
1:77. “to give knowledge of salvation to His people for the remission of their sins,
1:78. “through the tender mercy of our God, in which the Rising Sun from on high has visited us;
The Rising Sun. . .It is one of the titles of the Messiah, the true light of the world, and the sun of justice.
1:79. “to enlighten those who sit in darkness and in the shadow of death; to direct our feet into the way of peace.”
1:80. The child grew and was strengthened in spirit. He was in the wilderness until the day of his manifestation to Israel.
The birth of Christ. His presentation in the Temple. Simeon's prophecy. Christ, at twelve years of age, is found among the doctors of the law.
2:1. It came to pass that in those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that the whole world should be enrolled.
2:2. This enrolling was first made by Quirinius, the governor of Syria,
2:3. and all went to be enrolled, everyone to his own city.
Blessed Anne Catherine Emmerich mentions that only those who had no estate or establishment of their own were required to go to the town of their birth, and as St. Joseph did not have any real estate at that time, he was required to go to Bethlehem, while those who owned property were to be in their own cities, the cities where they resided or owned their property. (Life of Christ, Volume I, page 220.)
...and she bore her firstborn Son and wrapped Him up in swaddling clothes and laid Him in a manger...
...because there was no room for them in the inn.
and behold, an angel of the Lord stood by them and the brightness of God shone round about them, and they feared with a great fear.
They came with haste and found Mary and Joseph, and the Infant lying in the manger.
2:4. Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and family of David
2:5. to be enrolled with Mary, his espoused wife, who was with child.
2:6. When they were there, the day came that she should give birth,
2:7. and she bore her firstborn Son and wrapped Him up in swaddling clothes and laid Him in a manger because there was no room for them in the inn.
Her firstborn. . .The status of firstborn entitled a child to special privileges, and the title was conferred regardless of whether or not one was an only child. See annotation Matt. 1:25.
2:8. In the same country there were shepherds watching and keeping the night watches over their flock,
2:9. and behold, an angel of the Lord stood by them and the brightness of God shone round about them, and they feared with a great fear.
2:10. The angel said to them, “Do not fear; for behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy that shall be to all the people,
Do not fear;...I bring you good tidings of great joy...
2:11. “for this day a Savior is born to you, Christ the Lord, in the city of David.
2:12. “This shall be a sign to you: you shall find the Infant wrapped in swaddling clothes and laid in a manger.”
2:13. Suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly army, praising God and saying,
2:14. “Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace to men of good will.”
2:15. After the angels departed from them into Heaven, the shepherds said to one another, “Let us go over to Bethlehem and see this thing that has occurred which the Lord has declared to us.”
2:16. They came with haste and found Mary and Joseph, and the Infant lying in the manger.
2:17. They saw and understood what had been spoken to them concerning this Child,
2:18. and all that heard wondered at those things that were told them by the shepherds,
2:19. but Mary kept all these words, pondering them in her heart.
2:20. The shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things they had heard and seen, as it was told them.
2:21. After eight days had passed, when the Child should be circumcised, He received the name JESUS, the name given by the angel before He was conceived in the womb.
2:22. After the days of Mary's purification according to the law of Moses were completed, they carried Him to Jerusalem to present Him to the Lord
2:23. as it is written in the law of the Lord: “Every male opening the womb shall be called holy to the Lord,”
2:24. and to offer a sacrifice, according to what is written in the law of the Lord: a pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons.
There was a man in Jerusalem named Simeon.Luke 2:25
2:25. There was a man in Jerusalem named Simeon. This man was just and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was with him.
2:26. He had received an answer from the Holy Spirit that he should not see death before he had seen the Christ of the Lord.
2:27. He came by the Spirit into the Temple, and when His parents brought in the Child Jesus, to do for Him according to the custom of the law,
2:28. he also took Him into his arms and blessed God and said,
2:29. “Now You may dismiss Your servant, O Lord, according to Your word in peace,
2:30. “because my eyes have seen Your salvation,
2:31. “which You have prepared before the face of all peoples,
2:32. “a light for the revelation to the Gentiles and the glory of Your people Israel.”
2:33. The Child's father and mother were wondering at those things which were spoken concerning Him.
2:34. Simeon blessed them and said to Mary His mother, “Behold, this Child is destined for the fall and for the resurrection of many in Israel and to be a sign which shall be opposed.
For the fall, etc. . .Christ came for the salvation of all men; but here Simeon prophesies that many through their own willful blindness and obstinacy would not believe in Christ, nor receive His doctrine, which therefore would be ruin to them, but to others a resurrection, by their believing in Him, and obeying His commandments.
2:35. “Your own soul a sword shall pierce, that many hearts may reveal their thoughts.”
Having experienced such great sorrow, Mary can now relate to our sorrows and console us in our sorrows as one who has already undergone such great suffering and loss and understands our pain and grief. Also, when we have offended God, we may also choose to come to her in our remorse and repentance.
There was one Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher.Luke 2:36
2:36. There was one Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher. She was far advanced in years and had lived with her husband seven years from her virginity
2:37. and as a widow until eighty-four years of age. She did not depart from the Temple, but served night and day with fasting and prayer.
2:38. Now she, coming in at the same hour, gave thanks to the Lord, and spoke about the Child to all that looked for the redemption of Israel.
2:39. After they had performed all things according to the Law of the Lord, they returned into Galilee, to their city Nazareth.
The Holy Family returned to Nazareth, then fled from Nazareth to Egypt when Herod sought to kill the Child Jesus.
2:40. The Child grew and increased in strength. He was full of wisdom, and the grace of God was upon Him.
2:41. His parents went every year to Jerusalem, at the solemn day of the Passover,
The Passover was also known as the pasch.
2:42. and when He was twelve years old, they, having gone up into Jerusalem according to the custom of the feast
2:43. and having fulfilled the days, returned, but the Child Jesus remained in Jerusalem, and His parents did not know it.
Thinking that He was in the caravan, they came a day's journey and sought Him among their relativess and acquaintances...Luke 2:44
2:44. Thinking that He was in the caravan, they came a day's journey and sought Him among their relatives and acquaintances,
2:45. and not finding Him, they returned into Jerusalem seeking Him.
After three days, they found Him in the Temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, listening to them and asking them questions...Luke 2:46
2:46. After three days, they found Him in the Temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, listening to them and asking them questions,
in the Temple with the Elders
2:47. and all that heard Him were astonished at His wisdom and His answers.
Seeing Him, they wondered. His mother said to Him, “Son, why have You done this to us? Behold, Your father and I have sought You in sorrow.”Luke 2:48
2:48. Seeing Him, they wondered. His mother said to Him, “Son, why have You done this to us? Behold, Your father and I have sought You in sorrow.”
2:49. He said to them, “How is it that you sought Me? Did you not know that I must be about My Father's business?”
2:50. They did not understand what He spoke to them.
...and His mother kept all these words in her heart.Luke 2:51
2:51. He went down with them and came to Nazareth and was subject to them, and His mother kept all these words in her heart.
2:52. Jesus advanced in years and was superior in wisdom and grace before God and men.
John's mission and preaching. Christ is baptized by him.
3:1. Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, Philip his brother tetrarch of Ituraea and the country of Trachonitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene,
3:2. under the high priests Annas and Caiphas, the word of the Lord was made known to John, the son of Zechariah, in the desert.
the word of the Lord was made known to John
, the son of Zechariah, in the desert.Luke 3:2
3:3. He came into all the country around the Jordan, preaching the baptism of penance for the remission of sins,
...“A voice of one crying in the wilderness, 'Prepare the way of the Lord, make straight His paths.'Luke 3:4
3:4. as it was written in the book of the sayings of Isaiah the prophet: “A voice of one crying in the wilderness, 'Prepare the way of the Lord, make straight His paths.
3:5. “'Every valley shall be filled and every mountain and hill shall be brought low, and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough ways plain,
3:6. “'and all flesh shall see the salvation of God.'”
He said therefore to the multitudes that came to be baptized by him...Luke 3:7
3:7. He said therefore to the multitudes that came to be baptized by him, “Offspring of vipers, who has shown you to flee from the wrath to come?
3:8. “Produce fruits befitting repentance, and do not begin to say, 'We have Abraham for our father,' for I say to you that God is able to raise up children to Abraham from these stones.
For now the axe
is laid to the root of the trees.Luke 3:2
3:9. “For now the axe is laid to the root of the trees. Every tree therefore that does not produce good fruit shall be cut down and cast into the fire.”
3:10. The people asked him, “What then shall we do?”
3:11. He answered them, “Let him that has two coats give to him that has none; and let him that has meat do likewise.”
3:12. The publicans also came to be baptized and said to him, “Master, what shall we do?”
3:13. But he said to them, “Do not take more than that which is appointed you.”
3:14. The soldiers also asked him, “And what shall we do?” He said to them, “Do violence to no man, nor calumniate any man, and be content with your pay.”
3:15. As the people were of the opinion, and all were thinking in their hearts that perhaps John might be the Christ,
“I indeed baptize you with water, but there shall come one mightier than I...Luke 3:16
3:16. John answered, saying to all, “I indeed baptize you with water, but there shall come one mightier than I, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to loosen. He shall baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire.
“His fan is in His hand, and He will purge His floor and will gather the wheat into His barn, but the chaff He will burn with unquenchable fire.”Luke 3:17
3:17. “His fan is in His hand, and He will purge His floor and will gather the wheat into His barn, but the chaff He will burn with unquenchable fire.”
3:18. He also exhorted many other things as he preached to the people.
3:19. But Herod the tetrarch, when he was reproved by him for Herodias, his brother's wife, and for all the evils which Herod had done,
3:20. also added this evil above all and shut up John in prison.
3:21. Now it came to pass, when all the people were baptized, that when Jesus was also being baptized and was praying, Heaven was opened
3:22. and the Holy Spirit descended in a bodily shape, as a dove, upon Him. A voice also came from Heaven: “You are My beloved Son. In You I am well pleased.”
3:23. Jesus himself was beginning about the age of thirty years. He was considered the son of Joseph, who was of Heli, who was of Matthat,
Who was of Heli. . .Heli was another name used by Joachim, Mary's father. This may have been the genealogy filed with the Temple officials, where because the document was required to mention the male father, Joseph's name was used rather than Mary's. A further explanation of this is available at www.custance.org/Library/Volume7/Part_V/Chapter2.html#Page14
3:24. who was of Levi, who was of Melki, who was of Jannai, who was of Joseph,
3:25. who was of Mattathias, who was of Amos, who was of Nahum, who was of Esli, who was of Naggai,
3:26. who was of Maath, who was of Mattathias, who was of Semein, who was of Josech, who was of Joda,
3:27. who was of Joanan, who was of Rhesa, who was of Zerubbabel, who was of Shealtiel, who was of Neri,
3:28. who was of Melki, who was of Addi, who was of Cosam, who was of Elmadam, who was of Er,
3:29. who was of Joshua, who was of Eliezer, who was of Jorim, who was of Matthat, who was of Levi,
3:30. who was of Simeon, who was of Judah, who was of Joseph, who was of Jonam, who was of Eliakim,
3:31. who was of Melea, who was of Menna, who was of Mattatha, who was of Nathan, who was of David,
3:32. who was of Jesse, who was of Obed, who was of Boaz, who was of Salmon, who was of Nahshon,
3:33. who was of Amminadab, who was of Ram, who was of Hezron, who was of Perez, who was of Judah,
3:34. who was of Jacob, who was of Isaac, who was of Abraham, who was of Terah, who was of Nahor,
3:35. who was of Serug, who was of Reu, who was of Peleg, who was of Eber, who was of Shelah,
3:36. who was of Cainan, who was of Arphaxad, who was of Shem, who was of Noah, who was of Lamech,
3:37. who was of Methuselah, who was of Enoch, who was of Jared, who was of Mahalalel, who was of Kenan,
3:38. who was of Enosh, who was of Seth, who was of Adam, who was of God.
One possible explanation of the differences between the genealogy used by St. Luke and the genealogy used by St. Matthew is on custance.org/old/geneal.html#anchor14824171
Christ's fasting and temptation. He is persecuted in Nazareth. His miracles in Capernaum.
4:1. Jesus, being full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit into the desert
4:2. for a period of forty days and was tempted by the devil. He ate nothing in those days, and when they were ended, He was hungry.
The devil said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, say to this stone that it be made bread.”Luke 4:3
4:3. The devil said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, say to this stone that it be made bread.”
4:4. Jesus answered him, “It is written that man does not live by bread alone, but by every word of God.”
4:5. The devil also led Him onto a high mountain and showed Him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time,
4:6. and he said to Him, “To You will I give all this power and the glory of them, for they are delivered to me, and to whom I wish, I give them.
4:7. “If You therefore will adore before me, all shall be Yours.”
4:8. Jesus answered him, “It is written: You shall adore the Lord your God, and Him only shall you serve.”
The devil also brought Jesus to Jerusalem and set Him on a pinnacle of the Temple and said to Him, “If you are the Son of God, throw Yourself down from here...Luke 4:9
4:9. The devil also brought Jesus to Jerusalem and set Him on a pinnacle of the Temple and said to Him, “If you are the Son of God, throw Yourself down from here,
4:10. “for it is written that He has given His angels charge over you that they guard you,
4:11. “and that in their hands they shall bear you up so that you might not dash your foot against a stone.”
4:12. Jesus answered him, “It is said, You shalt not tempt the Lord your God.”
4:13. All the temptation being ended, the devil departed from Him for a time.
4:14. Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee, and the fame of Him went out through the whole country,
4:15. and He taught in their synagogues and was magnified by all.
...He went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day according to His custom, and He rose up to read.
4:16. He came to Nazareth, where He was brought up, and He went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day according to His custom, and He rose up to read.
4:17. The book of Isaiah the prophet was delivered to Him, and as He unfolded the book, He found the place where it was written:
4:18. “The spirit of the Lord is upon me. Therefore, He has anointed me to preach the Gospel to the poor, He has sent me to heal the contrite of heart,
4:19. “to preach deliverance to the captives and sight to the blind, to set at liberty those that are bruised, to preach the acceptable year of the Lord and the day of reward.”
4:20. When He had folded the book, He restored it to the minister and sat down. The eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed on Him.
4:21. He began to say to them, “This day this scripture is fulfilled in your ears.”
4:22. All testified regarding Him, and they wondered at the gracious words that proceeded from His mouth and said, “Is this not the son of Joseph?”
4:23. He said to them, “You will doubtlessly quote to Me this proverb: 'Physician, heal yourself. Do here in Your own country the great things we have heard were done in Capernaum.'”
4:24. He also said, “I truly say to you that no prophet is accepted in his own country.
4:25. “In truth I say to you, there were many widows in the days of Elijah in Israel, when the sky was shut up three years and six months, when there was a great famine throughout all the earth,
4:26. “and to none of them was Elijah sent, but to Zarephath of Sidon, to a widowed woman.
4:27. “And there were many lepers in Israel in the time of Elisha the prophet, and none of them was cleansed but Naaman the Syrian.”
4:28. All those in the synagogue, hearing these things, were filled with anger
They brought Him to the brow of the hill on which their city was built that they might cast Him down headlong.Luke 4:29
4:29. and rose up and thrust Him out of the city. They brought Him to the brow of the hill on which their city was built that they might cast Him down headlong.
4:30. But He passed through the midst of them and went His way.
4:31. He went down into Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and there He taught them on the Sabbath days.
4:32. They were astonished at His doctrine, for His speech was with power.
4:33. In the synagogue there was a man who had an unclean devil, and he cried out with a loud voice,
4:34. “Leave us alone. What have we to do with You, Jesus of Nazareth? Have You come to destroy us? I know who You are, the Holy One of God.”
Jesus rebuked him, saying, “Be silent and go out of him.” When the devil had thrown him into the midst of them, he went out of him and did not hurt him at all.Luke 4:35
4:35. Jesus rebuked him, saying, “Be silent and go out of him.” When the devil had thrown him into the midst of them, he went out of him and did not hurt him at all.
4:36. Fear came upon all, and they talked among themselves, saying, “What is this that He says, for with authority and power He commands the unclean spirits, and they go out?”
4:37. The fame of Him was published into every place of the country.
4:38. Jesus rose up out of the synagogue and went into Simon's house. Simon's wife's mother was taken with a great fever, and they besought Him for her.
4:39. Standing over her, He rebuked the fever, and it left her. She immediately rose and ministered to them.
4:40. When the sun was down, all that had any who were sick with various diseases brought them to Him. He laid His hands on every one of them and healed them.
4:41. Devils went out from many, crying out and saying, “You are the Son of God.” He rebuked them and did not permit them to speak, for they knew that He was the Christ.
When it was day, He went out into a deserted place...Luke 4:42
4:42. When it was day, He went out into a deserted place, and the multitudes sought Him and came to Him. They stopped Him that He should not depart from them.
4:43. He said to them, “I must also preach the kingdom of God to other cities; for this reason I have been sent.”
4:44. And He was preaching in the synagogues of Galilee.
He sat and taught the multitudes out of the ship.Luke 5:3
The miraculous catch of fishes. The cure of the leper and of the paralytic. The call of Matthew.
5:1. It came to pass, that when the multitudes pressed upon Him to hear the word of God, He stood by the lake of Gennesaret
When they had done this, they caught a very great multitude of fish
, and their net was breaking.Luke 5:6
5:2. and saw two ships situated by the lake, but the fishermen had gotten out of them and were washing their nets.
5:3. Going into one of the ships, which was Simon's, He desired him to draw back a little from the land. He sat and taught the multitudes out of the ship.
5:4. Now when He had ceased to speak, He said to Simon, “Launch out into the deep and let down your nets for a catch.”
5:5. Simon answered Him, “Master, we have labored all night and have taken nothing, but at Your word I will let down the net.”
They signaled to their partners that were in the other ship to come and help them. They came and filled both the ships, so that they were almost sinking.Luke 5:7
5:6. When they had done this, they caught a very great multitude of fish, and their net was breaking.
5:7. They signaled to their partners that were in the other ship to come and help them. They came and filled both the ships, so that they were almost sinking.
5:8. When Simon Peter saw this, he fell down at Jesus' knees and said, “Depart from me, for I am a sinful man, O Lord.”
5:9. For he and all that were with him were wholly astonished at the catch of the fish which they had taken,
5:10. and so were James and John, the sons of Zebedee, who were Simon's partners. Jesus said to Simon, “Do not fear; from now on you shall catch men.”
5:11. Having brought their ships to land, they left everything and followed Him.
It came to pass, when He was in a certain city, a man full of leprosy saw Jesus, and he fell on his face and besought Him, saying, “Lord, if You wish, You can make me clean.”Luke 5:12
5:12. It came to pass, when He was in a certain city, a man full of leprosy saw Jesus, and he fell on his face and besought Him, saying, “Lord, if You wish, You can make me clean.”
5:13. Stretching out His hand, Jesus touched him, saying, “I will. Be cleansed.” The leprosy immediately departed from him.
5:14. Jesus ordered him that he should tell no man, but said, “Go, show yourself to the priest and offer for your cleansing according to what Moses commanded, for a witness to them.”
... they went up on the roof and let him down through the tiles with his bed into the midst before Jesus.Luke 5:19
5:15. But the fame of Him went abroad the more, and great multitudes came together to hear and to be healed by Him of their infirmities.
5:16. Jesus retired into the desert, and prayed.
5:17. It came to pass on a certain day, as He sat teaching, that there were also Pharisees and doctors of the law sitting by who had come out of every town of Galilee and Judea and Jerusalem, and the power of the Lord was disposed to heal the afflicted.
5:18. Behold, men brought a man who had palsy in a bed, and they sought a way to bring him in and to lay him before Jesus.
5:19. When they could not find by what way they might bring him in because of the multitude, they went up on the roof and let him down through the tiles with his bed into the midst before Jesus.
5:20. When He saw their faith, He said, “Man, your sins are forgiven you.”
5:21. The scribes and Pharisees began to think, saying, “Who is this who speaks blasphemies? Who can forgive sins, but God alone?”
5:22. Jesus knew their thoughts and answered them, “What is it you think in your hearts?
5:23. “Which is easier to say: 'Your sins are forgiven you;' or to say, 'Arise and walk?'
5:24. “But, that you may know that the Son of Man has the power on earth to forgive sins (He said to the one sick with palsy), I say to you, arise, take up your bed, and go into your house.”
5:25. Immediately rising up before them, he took up the bed on which he lay, and he went away to his own house, glorifying God.
5:26. All were astonished, and they glorified God. They were filled with fear, saying, “We have seen wonderful things today.”
5:27. After these things, He went out and saw a publican named Levi sitting at the receiving station for customs, and He said to him, “Follow Me.”
Blessed Anne Catherine Emmerich mentions that St. Matthew's original name was Levi, but Jesus gave him the name Matthew at the banquet (Life of Christ, Volume 3, page 43).
5:28. Leaving everything, Levi rose up and followed Him.
5:29. Levi made Him a great feast in his own house, and there was a great company of publicans and of others that were at table with them.
This feast took place on the day following his call by Christ.
5:30. But the Pharisees and scribes murmured, saying to Jesus' disciples, “Why do you eat and drink with publicans and sinners?”
5:31. Jesus answered them, “Those who are whole do not need the physician, but those who are sick do.
5:32. “I have not come to call the just to repentance, but sinners.”
Why do the disciples of John
fast often and make prayers...Luke 5:33
5:33. They said to Him, “Why do the disciples of John fast often and make prayers, and the disciples of the Pharisees likewise, but Yours eat and drink?”
5:34. He said to them, “Can you make the guests of the bridegroom fast while the bridegroom is with them?
5:35. “But the days will come when the bridegroom shall be taken away from them; then they shall fast in those days.”
5:36. He also spoke an allegory to them: that no man puts a piece from a new garment upon an old garment, otherwise he both rends the new, and the piece taken from the new does not match the old.
5:37. Nor does any man put new wine into old wine skins, otherwise the new wine will burst the wine skins, and it will be spilled and the wine skins will be lost.
5:38. But new wine must be put into new wine skins, and both are preserved.
5:39. No man drinking the old is soon inclined toward the new, for he says, “The old is better.”
Christ answers the Pharisees about His disciples' conduct on the Sabbath. He cures on the Sabbath. He chooses the Twelve and speaks a sermon to them.
6:1. It came to pass on the first Sabbath of the religious calendar that, as He went through the fields of grain, His disciples plucked the ears and ate them, rubbing them in their hands.
The first sabbath of the religious calendar. . .the religious calendar and the civil calendar started on different days at that time, much like the Church calendar which starts with the First Sunday of Advent (beginning of December) and the civil calendar which starts on January 1.
6:2. Some of the Pharisees said to them, “Why do you do that which is not lawful on the Sabbath days?”
6:3. Jesus answered them, “Have you not read so much as this: what David did when he was hungry and those that were with him,
...He said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” He stretched it out, and his hand was restored.Luke 6:10
6:4. “how he went into the house of God and took and ate the bread of proposition and gave it to those who were with him, which is not lawful to eat but only for the priests?”
6:5. He then said to them, “The Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath too.”
6:6. It came to pass also, on another Sabbath, that He entered into the synagogue and taught, and there was a man whose right hand was withered.
6:7. The scribes and Pharisees watched if He would heal on the Sabbath, that they might find an accusation against Him.
6:8. But He knew their thoughts and said to the man who had the withered hand, “Arise and stand in the midst of the assembly,” and he arose and stood there.
6:9. Then Jesus said to them, “I ask you, is it lawful on the Sabbath days to do good, or to do evil? To save life, or to destroy?”
6:10. Looking around at them all, He said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” He stretched it out, and his hand was restored.
6:11. They were filled with madness, and they talked with one another about what they might do to Jesus.
...He went out to a mountain to pray, and He passed the whole night in prayer to God.
When day came, He called His disciples to Himself,
6:12. It came to pass in those days that He went out to a mountain to pray, and He passed the whole night in prayer to God.
6:13. When day came, He called His disciples to Himself, and He chose twelve of them (whom He also named Apostles):
6:14. Simon, whom He surnamed Peter, and Andrew his brother, James and John, Philip and Bartholomew,
6:15. Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon who was called a Zealot,
6:16. and Jude the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, who was the traitor.
6:17. Coming down with them, He stood in a level place, and the company of His disciples and a very great multitude of people from all Judea and Jerusalem and the sea coast, both of Tyre and Sidon,
6:18. came to hear Him and to be healed of their diseases. Those who were troubled with unclean spirits were cured,
6:19. and all the multitude sought to touch Him, for miraculous power went out from Him and healed all.
6:20. Jesus, lifting up His eyes on His disciples, said, “Blessed are you who are poor, for yours is the kingdom of God.
6:21. “Blessed are you that hunger now, for you shall be filled. Blessed are you that weep now, for you shall laugh.
6:22. “Blessed shall you be when men shall hate you, and when they shall separate you from them and shall reproach you and cast out your name as evil, for the Son of Man's sake.
6:23. “Be glad on that day and rejoice, for behold, your reward is great in Heaven, for their fathers treated the prophets in the same manner.
6:24. “But woe to you that are rich, for you have your consolation.
6:25. “Woe to you that are filled, for you shall hunger. Woe to you that laugh now, for you shall mourn and weep.
6:26. “Woe to you when men shall bless you, for their fathers treated the false prophets in the same manner.
6:27. “But I say to you that hear: love your enemies. Do good to those who hate you.
6:28. “Bless those that curse you and pray for those that calumniate you.
6:29. “To him that strikes you on one cheek, offer the other also, and if someone takes away your cloak from you, do not forbid him to also take your coat.
6:30. “Give to everyone that asks you, and if someone takes away your goods, do not ask for them back again.
6:31. “Do to others as you wish them to do to you.
6:32. “If you love those who love you, what credit is it to you? For sinners also love those that love them.
6:33. “If you do good to those who do good to you, what credit is it to you? For sinners also do this.
6:34. “If you lend to those of whom you hope to receive repayment, what credit is it to you? For sinners also lend to sinners, expecting to receive back just as much.
6:35. “But love your enemies, do good, and lend, hoping for nothing thereby, and your reward shall be great, and you shall be the sons of the Highest. For He is kind to the unthankful and to the evil.
6:36. “Therefore, be merciful as your Father is also merciful.
6:37. “Do not judge, and you shall not be judged. Do not condemn, and you shall not be condemned. Forgive, and you shall be forgiven.
6:38. “Give, and it shall be given to you; they shall place on your lap a good measure that is pressed down, shaken together, and running over. For with the same measure that you shall measure, it shall be measured back to you.”
Good measure that is pressed down...using the comparison to a tightly packed package of flour that is overflowing to demonstrate the fullness of the reward received.
6:39. He spoke also to them an allegory: “Can the blind lead the blind? Do they not both fall into the ditch?
6:40. “The disciple is not above his master, but if he is fully trained, he shall be like his master.
6:41. “Why do you see the speck in your brother's eye, but you do not consider the beam that is in your own eye?
6:42. “Or how can you say to your brother, 'Brother, let me pull the speck out of your eye,' when you yourself do not see the beam in your own eye? Hypocrite, first take the beam out of your own eye, and then you shall see clearly to take out the speck from your brother's eye.
6:43. “For there is no good tree that produces evil fruit, nor an evil tree that produces good fruit.
For every tree is known by its fruit. For men do not gather figs from thorns,...
...nor do they gather grapes from a bramble bush.
He is like a man building a house, who dug deep and laid the foundation upon a rock.
When a flood came, the stream beat vehemently upon that house, and it could not shake it because it was founded on a rock.
6:44. “For every tree is known by its fruit. For men do not gather figs from thorns, nor do they gather grapes from a bramble bush.
6:45. “A good man produces that which is good out of the good treasure of his heart, and an evil man produces that which is evil out of the evil treasure of his heart; for the mouth speaks out of the abundance of the heart.
6:46. “Why do you call Me 'Lord, Lord,' and do not do the things which I say?
6:47. “I will show you whom everyone that comes to Me, hears My words, and does them is like.
6:48. “He is like a man building a house, who dug deep and laid the foundation upon a rock. When a flood came, the stream beat vehemently upon that house, and it could not shake it because it was founded on a rock.
6:49. “But he that hears and does not do is like a man building his house upon the earth without a foundation, against which the stream beat vehemently. It fell immediately, and the ruin of that house was great.”
Christ heals the centurion's servant. He raises the widow's son to life, answers the messengers sent by John, and absolves the penitent sinner.
7:1. When he had completed His discourse before the people, He entered into Capernaum.
7:2. A certain centurion had a servant who was dear to him, but the servant was sick and close to death.
Blessed Anne Catherine Emmerich mentions that the centurion's name was Cornelius (Life of Christ, Volume III, page 1) The editors have not yet researched whether or not this is the same Cornelius mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles.
7:3. When the centurion had heard of Jesus, he sent Him the ancients of the Jews, desiring Him to come and heal his servant.
7:4. When they came to Jesus, they besought Him earnestly, saying to Him, “He is worthy that You should do this for him.
7:5. “For he loves our nation, and he has built us a synagogue.”
7:6. Jesus went with them. When He was now not far from the house, the centurion sent his friends to Him, saying, “Lord, do not trouble Yourself, for I am not worthy that You should enter under my roof.
7:7. “For this reason I did not think myself worthy to come to You, but just say the word, and my servant shall be healed.
7:8. “For I also am a man subject to authority, having soldiers under me; I say to one, 'Go,' and he goes; to another, 'Come,' and he comes; to my servant, 'Do this,' and he does it.”
7:9. Jesus, hearing this, marveled, and turning around to the multitude that followed Him, He said, “Truly I say to you, I have not found such great faith, not even in Israel.”
7:10. Those who were sent, having returned to the house, found the servant who had been sick was healed.
7:11. It came to pass afterwards that He went into a city that is called Naim, and His disciples and a great multitude went there with Him.
7:12. When He came near the gate of the city, behold, a dead man was carried out, the only son of his mother, and she was a widow. A great multitude of the city was also with her.
7:13. When the Lord had seen her, being moved with compassion towards her, He said to her, “Do not weep.”
He came near and touched the bier, and those who carried it stood still. Jesus said, “Young man, I say to you, arise.”Luke 7:14
7:14. He came near and touched the bier, and those who carried it stood still. Jesus said, “Young man, I say to you, arise.”
7:15. The dead man sat up and began to speak, and Jesus gave him to his mother.
7:16. There came a fear upon them all, and they glorified God saying, “A great prophet has risen up among us,” and, “God has visited His people.”
7:17. This account of Him went abroad throughout all Judea and throughout all the neighboring regions.
7:18. John's disciples told him about all these things,
7:19. and John called for two of his disciples and sent them to Jesus, saying, “Are you He that is to come? Or should we look for another?”
7:20. When the men came to Jesus, they said, “John the Baptist has sent us to You, saying, 'Are you He that is to come? Or should we look for another?'”
7:21. (In that same hour, Jesus had cured many of their diseases and hurts and evil spirits, and to many that were blind He had given sight.)
7:22. He answered them, “Go and relate to John what you have heard and seen: the blind see, the lame walk, the lepers are made clean, the deaf hear, the dead rise again, and the Gospel is preached to the poor.
7:23. “Blessed is he who shall not be scandalized in Me.”
7:24. When the messengers of John had departed, He began to speak to the multitudes concerning John. “What did you go out into the desert to see? A reed shaken by the wind?
7:25. “But what did you go out to see? A man clothed in soft garments? Behold, those who are in costly apparel and live delicately are in the houses of kings.
7:26. “But what did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I say to you, and more than a prophet.
7:27. “This is he of whom it is written: Behold, I send My messenger ahead of you, who shall prepare your way before you.
7:28. “For I say to you, among those that are born of men, there is not a greater prophet than John the Baptist. But He that is the lesser in the kingdom of God is greater than he.”
7:29. All the people and the publicans who heard this attested to the righteousness of God, as they had been baptized with John's baptism.
Justified God. . .that is, praised the justice of God, feared and worshipped God, as just and merciful.
7:30. But the Pharisees and the lawyers despised God's counsel for them, as they had not been baptized by John.
They are like children sitting in the marketplace...
One of the Pharisees desired that Jesus dine with him, and He went into the house of the Pharisee and reclined at table.
A woman who was a sinner...began to wash His feet with tears and wiped them with the hairs of her head...
Luke 7:37 - 7:38
A certain creditor had two debtors... Which of the two therefore will love him more?
7:31. The Lord said, “To what then shall I compare the men of this generation? And to what are they comparable?
7:32. “They are like children sitting in the marketplace who speaking to one another and say, 'We have piped to you, and you have not danced; we have mourned, and you have not wept.'
7:33. “For John the Baptist came neither eating bread nor drinking wine, and you say, 'He has a devil.'
7:34. “The Son of Man has come eating and drinking, and you say, 'Behold a man that is a glutton and a drinker of wine, a friend of publicans and sinners.'
7:35. “So then, wisdom is justified by all her children.”
7:36. One of the Pharisees desired that Jesus dine with him, and He went into the house of the Pharisee and reclined at table.
One of the Pharisees: that is, Simon.
7:37. A woman who was a sinner was in the city, and when she knew that He was reclining at table in the Pharisee's house, she brought an alabaster box of ointment,
7:38. and standing behind him, beside His feet, she began to wash His feet with tears and wiped them with the hairs of her head and kissed His feet and anointed them with the ointment.
7:39. Seeing it, the Pharisee who had invited Jesus said to himself, “This man, if He were a prophet, would know surely who and what manner of woman this is that touches Him and that she is a sinner.”
7:40. Jesus said to him, “Simon, I have something to say to you.” Simon said, “Master, say it.”
7:41. “A certain creditor had two debtors: the one owed five hundred days' wages and the other fifty.
7:42. “As they did not have the means to pay, he forgave them both. Which of the two therefore will love him more?”
7:43. Simon answered, “I suppose he to whom he forgave more.” Jesus said to him, “You have judged rightly.”
7:44. Turning to the woman, Jesus said to Simon, “Do you see this woman? I entered into your house; you gave Me no water for My feet. But she has washed My feet with tears and has wiped them with her hair.
Water for washing feet, the kiss of greeting, and a fragrant oil (used as a deodorant) were standard hospitality in the Middle East at the time, and Simon the Pharisee had omitted these practices when he invited Jesus to his home.
7:45. “You gave Me no kiss. But she, since she came in, has not ceased to kiss My feet.
7:46. “You did not anoint My head with oil. But she has anointed My feet with ointment.
7:47. “Therefore, I say to you, many sins are forgiven her, because she has loved much. But he who is forgiven little loves little.”
Many sins are forgiven her, because she has loved much. . .In the Scripture an effect sometimes seems attributed to one only cause, when there are various other concurring dispositions; for the sins of this woman, in this verse, are said to be forgiven, because she loved much: but in verse 50 Christ tells her, “Your faith has made you whole.” Thus in a true conversion are joined faith, hope, love, sorrow for sin, and other pious dispositions.
7:48. Jesus said to the woman, “Your sins are forgiven you.”
7:49. Those that reclined at table with Him began to say to themselves, “Who is this that also forgives sins?”
7:50. Jesus said to the woman, “Your faith has made you whole. Go in peace.”
The parable of the seed. Christ stills the storm at sea, casts out the legion of devils, heals the issue of blood and raises the daughter of Jairus to life.
8:1. Afterwards He traveled through the cities and towns, preaching and evangelizing the Kingdom of God; the Twelve were with Him,
8:2. and also certain women who had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities: Mary who is called Magdalene, out of whom seven devils had gone forth,
...and many others who ministered to Him from their resources.Luke 8:3
8:3. and Joanna the wife of Chuza, Herod's steward, and Susanna and many others who ministered to Him from their resources.
8:4. When a very great multitude was gathered together and hastened out of the cities to Him, He spoke by a parable.
8:5. “The sower went out to sow his seed. As he sowed, some fell by the wayside. It was trodden down, and the fowls of the air devoured it.
8:6. “Some fell upon rock, and as soon as it was sprung up, it withered away because it had no moisture.
8:7. “Some fell among thorns, and the thorns growing up with it choked it.
8:8. “Some fell upon good ground and, being sprung up, yielded fruit a hundredfold.” Saying these things, He cried out, “Let he that has ears to hear listen.”
8:9. His disciples asked Him what this parable might mean.
8:10. He said to them, “To you it is given to know the mystery of the Kingdom of God; but to the rest in parables, that seeing they may not see and hearing may not understand.
Seeing they may not see. . .See the annotation, Mark 4:12.
8:11. “Now the parable is this: the seed is the word of God.
8:12. “Those by the wayside are those who hear, and then the devil comes and takes the word out of their heart, otherwise they might believe and be saved.
8:13. “Now those upon the rock are those who, when they hear the word, receive it with joy but have no roots, for they believe for a while and in time of temptation they fall away.
8:14. “That which fell among thorns are those who have heard and, going their way, are choked with the cares and riches and pleasures of this life and yield no fruit.
8:15. “But those on the good ground are those who hear the word in a good and perfect heart, retain it, and bear fruit in patience.
8:16. “Now no man lights a candle and covers it with a vessel or puts it under a bed, but he sets it upon a candlestick that they who come in may see the light.
8:17. “For there is nothing secret that shall not be made manifest, nor hidden that shall not be known and come abroad.
8:18. “Take heed therefore how you hear. For whoever has, to him shall be given, and whoever has not, that also which he thinks he has shall be taken away from him.”
8:19. Jesus' mother and brethren came to Him, and they could not reach Him because of the crowd.
8:20. It was told Him, “Your mother and your brethren stand outside, desiring to see You.”
8:21. Jesus answered them, “My mother and My brethren are those who hear the word of God and do it.”
8:22. On a certain day He went into a little ship with His disciples, and He said to them, “Let us go over to the other side of the lake.” So they sailed away.
8:23. While they were sailing, Jesus slept, and a storm of wind came down upon the lake, and they were filled with water and were in danger.
8:24. The disciples came and awoke Jesus, saying, “Master, we perish.” But He arose and rebuked the wind and the rage of the water. It ceased, and there was a calm.
8:25. He said to them, “Where is your faith?” They were afraid and wondered, saying to one another, “Who is this (do you think) that commands both the winds and the sea, and they obey Him?”
8:26. They sailed to the country of the Gerasenes, which is opposite Galilee,
8:27. and when He had come ashore, He was met by a certain man who had had a devil a very long time. The man wore no clothes, nor did he abide in a house, but lived in the sepulchres.
8:28. When he saw Jesus, he fell down before Him, and crying out with a loud voice, he said, “What have I to do with You, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? I beseech You, do not torment me.”
8:29. For He commanded the unclean spirit to go out of the man. For many times it had seized him, and he had been bound with chains and kept in fetters, but breaking the bonds, he was driven by the devil into deserted places.
8:30. Jesus asked him, “What is your name?” But he said,“Legion,” because many devils had entered into him.
8:31. The devils besought Jesus that He would not command them to go into the abyss.
8:32. A herd of many swine was feeding there on the mountain, and the devils besought Jesus that He would permit them to enter into them. He permitted them.
8:33. The devils therefore went out of the man and entered into the swine, and the herd ran violently down a steep place into the lake and were drowned.
8:34. When those that fed the swine saw this done, they fled away and told it in the city and in the villages.
8:35. They went out to see what had been done, and they came to Jesus and found the man out of whom the devils had departed was sitting at His feet, clothed, and in his right mind, and they were afraid.
8:36. Those who had witnessed it also told them how the man had been healed from the legion.
8:37. All the multitude of the country of the Gerasenes besought Jesus to depart from them, for they were taken with great fear. Jesus got up into the ship and returned back again.
8:38. Now the man out of whom the devils were departed besought Him that he might be with Him. But Jesus sent him away, saying,
8:39. “Return to your house and tell how great are the things God has done to you.” The man went through the whole city, publishing how great were the things Jesus had done to him.
8:40. When Jesus had returned, the multitude received Him, for they were all waiting for Him.
8:41. A man whose name was Jairus came, and he was a ruler of the synagogue. He fell down at the feet of Jesus and besought Him that He would come into his house
8:42. for he had an only daughter, almost twelve years old, and she was dying. It happened that as Jesus went He was thronged by the multitudes.
A woman is healed by touching the garment of Jesus
8:43. There was a certain woman having an issue of blood twelve years, who had bestowed all her substance on physicians and could not be healed by any.
8:44. She came behind Him and touched the hem of His garment, and immediately the issue of her blood stopped.
8:45. Jesus said, “Who is it that touched Me?” All denying it, Peter and those who were with Him said, “Master, the multitudes throng and press You, and You say, 'Who touched Me?'”
8:46. Jesus said, “Somebody has touched Me, for I know that miraculous power has gone out from Me.”
8:47. The woman, seeing that she was not hidden, came trembling and fell down before His feet and declared before all the people for what reason she had touched Him, and how she was immediately healed.
8:48. But He said to her, “Daughter, your faith has made you whole. Go your way in peace.”
8:49. While He was still speaking, someone came to the ruler of the synagogue and said to him, “Your daughter is dead; do not trouble Him.”
8:50. Jesus heard this message and responded to the father of the maiden, “Do not fear. Only believe, and she shall be safe.”
8:51. When He came to the house, He did not permit any man to go in with Him except Peter, James, John, and the father and mother of the maiden.
8:52. All wept and mourned for her, but He said, “Do not weep. The maiden is not dead, but sleeps.”
8:53. They laughed Him to scorn, knowing that she was dead.
raises the daughter of Jairus from the dead
8:54. Jesus took her by the hand and cried out, “Maiden, arise.”
Everyone else other than the three Apostles and the girl's parents had been dismissed from the room, as is obvious by verse 56.
8:55. Her spirit returned, and she arose immediately. He bid them to give her something to eat.
8:56. Her parents were astonished, and Jesus commanded them to tell no man what had been done.
Christ sends forth His Apostles, feeds five thousand with five loaves, is transfigured and casts out a devil.
Then calling together the twelve Apostles, He gave them power and authority to cure diseases and over all devils.
...it was said by some that John was risen from the dead, but by others that Elijah had appeared...
9:1. Then calling together the twelve Apostles, He gave them power and authority to cure diseases and over all devils.
9:2. He sent them to preach the Kingdom of God and to heal the sick.
9:3. He said to them, “Take nothing for your journey, neither staff, nor travel bag, nor bread, nor money, nor have two coats.
9:4. “ Into whatever house you shall enter, abide there and do not depart from there.
9:5. “Whoever will not receive you, when you go out of that city, shake off even the dust of your feet, for a testimony against them.”
9:6. They set out and went about through the towns, preaching the Gospel and healing everywhere.
Now there were about five thousand men. Jesus said to His disciples, “Make them sit down by fifties in a company.”Luke 9:14
9:7. Now Herod, the tetrarch, heard of all the things that were done by Him, and he was perplexed, because it was said
9:8. by some that John was risen from the dead, but by others that Elijah had appeared, and by others that one of the prophets of old had risen again.
9:9. Herod said, “John I have beheaded. But who is this of whom I hear such things?” So Herod sought to see Him.
9:10. The Apostles, when they returned, told Him all they had done. He took them and went aside into a secluded desert place belonging to Bethsaida.
9:11. When the people knew this, they followed Him, and He received them and spoke to them about the Kingdom of God and healed those who had need of healing.
9:12. Now the day began to decline, and the Twelve came and said to Him, “Send away the multitude, that, going into the surrounding towns and villages, they may lodge and get provisions, for we are here in a deserted place.”
9:13. But Jesus said to them, “Give them something to eat yourselves.” They said, “We have no more than five loaves and two fish; unless, perhaps, we should go and buy food for all this multitude.”
9:14. Now there were about five thousand men. Jesus said to His disciples, “Make them sit down by fifties in a company.”
A company was a military unit (modern military companies have 75-200 soldiers).
9:15. They did so and made them all sit down.
9:16. Taking the five loaves and the two fish, He looked up to heaven and blessed them, and He broke and distributed them to His disciples to set before the multitude.
9:17. They all ate and were filled, and twelve baskets of fragments were gathered of what remained.
9:18. It came to pass, as He was praying in solitude, His disciples were also with Him, and He asked them, “Whom do the people say that I am?”
9:19. But they answered, “John the Baptist; but some say Elijah, and others say that one of the former prophets has risen again.”
9:20. He said to them, “But whom do you say that I am?” Simon Peter answered, “The Christ of God.”
9:21. Jesus strictly forbid them to tell this to anyone
9:22. and said, “The Son of Man must suffer many things; be rejected by the ancients, chief priests, and scribes; be killed; and rise again on the third day.”
9:23. He said to all, “If any man desires to come after Me, let him deny himself, take up his cross, and follow Me.
Jesus spoke this publicly, and not to just the Apostles. In Mark 8 it is mentioned that Jesus had again summoned the crowd.
9:24. “For whoever will save his life shall lose it, but he that shall lose his life for My sake shall save it.
9:25. “For what is does it benefit a man if he gains the whole world but causes his own ruin and destruction?
9:26. “As for he that shall be ashamed of Me and My words, the Son of Man shall be ashamed of him when He shall come in His majesty and the majesty of His Father and of the holy Angels.
9:27. “But I tell you in truth, there are some standing here that shall not taste death until they see the kingdom of God.”
9:28. About eight days after these words, Jesus took Peter, James, and John, and went up onto a mountain to pray.
9:29. While He prayed, the shape of His countenance was altered and His raiment became white and glittering,
9:30. and behold, two men were talking with Him. They were Moses and Elijah
...appearing in majesty, and they spoke about His death which He was about to accomplish in Jerusalem.Luke 9:31
9:31. appearing in majesty, and they spoke about His death which He was about to accomplish in Jerusalem.
9:32. But Peter and those who were with him were drooping with sleep, and waking, they saw His glory and the two men that stood with Him.
9:33. It came to pass that, as Moses and Elijah were about to depart from Jesus, Peter said to Jesus, “Master, it is good for us to be here; let us make three tabernacles: one for You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah,” not knowing what he said.
This could possibly have something to do with the Feast of Tabernacles, a joyful occasion recounting God's providential care during the forty years in the wilderness.
9:34. As Peter spoke these things, a cloud came and overshadowed them, and they were afraid when they entered into the cloud.
9:35. A voice came out of the cloud, saying, “This is My Beloved Son. Listen to Him.”
9:36. While the voice was speaking, Jesus was found alone, and they remained silent and did not tell any man at that time about any of the things which they had seen.
9:37. The following day, when they came down from the mountain, a great multitude met Him.
9:38. A man from among the crowd cried out, “Master, I beseech You, look upon my son, because he is my only one.
9:39. “For a spirit seizes him, and he suddenly shrieks; the spirit throws him down in convulsions accompanied by foaming, and departs with a struggle, leaving him utterly exhausted.
9:40. “I desired that Your disciples cast the spirit out, and they could not.”
9:41. Jesus answered, “O faithless and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you and endure you? Bring your son here.”
As he was coming to Him, the devil threw him down into convulsions.
"... the time will come when the Son of Man shall be delivered into the hands of men."
Whoever shall receive this child in My name receives Me...
John said, “Master, we saw a certain man casting out devils in Your name, and we forbade him, because he does not follow with us.
9:42. As he was coming to Him, the devil threw him down into convulsions.
9:43. Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit, cured the boy, and restored him to his father.
9:44. All were astonished at the mighty power of God. But while all wondered at all the things He did, He said to His disciples, “Remember these words in your hearts, since the time will come when the Son of Man shall be delivered into the hands of men.”
They should remember that the people acclaimed Him as they did, for the disciples' faith in Him would soon be challenged by the scandal of the Cross.
9:45. But they did not understand this statement, and it was hidden from them, so that they did not perceive it; moreover, they were afraid to ask Him about the statement.
9:46. A thought entered into them regarding which of them should be the greatest.
9:47. Jesus, seeing the thoughts of their hearts, took a child and set him by Him,
...James and John...said, "Lord, do You wish that we command fire to come down from heaven and consume them?" He turned and rebuked them.
Luke 9:54 - 9:55
The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay His head.
Jesus said to him, “No man putting his hand to the plough and looking back is fit for the Kingdom of God.”
“No man putting his hand to the plough and looking back is fit for the Kingdom of God.”
9:48. and said to them, “Whoever shall receive this child in My name receives Me; and whoever shall receive Me receives Him that sent Me. For he that is the lesser among you all is the greater.”
9:49. John said, “Master, we saw a certain man casting out devils in Your name, and we forbade him, because he does not follow with us.”
9:50. Jesus said to him, “Do not forbid him, for he that is not against you is for you.”
9:51. It came to pass that, when the days of His ministry were coming to their completion, He steadfastly set His course to go to Jerusalem,
9:52. and He sent messengers before Him. They went and entered into a city of the Samaritans to prepare for Him,
9:53. and they did not receive Him, because His path was of one going to Jerusalem.
9:54. When His disciples James and John had seen this, they said, “Lord, do You wish that we command fire to come down from heaven and consume them?”
9:55. He turned and rebuked them.
9:56. “The Son of Man did not come to destroy souls, but to save them.” Then they went into another town.
9:57. It came to pass, as they walked on the road, a certain man said to Him, “I will follow You wherever you go.”
9:58. Jesus said to him, “The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay His head.”
9:59. Jesus said to another, “Follow Me.” He said, “Lord, first let me go and bury my father.”
9:60. Jesus said to him, “Let the dead bury their dead, but go and preach the kingdom of God.”
9:61. Another said, “I will follow You, Lord, but let me first take my leave of those that are at my house.”
9:62. Jesus said to him, “No man putting his hand to the plough and looking back is fit for the Kingdom of God.”
Christ instructs seventy-two disciples and sends them ahead of Him. The good Samaritan.
After these things, the Lord also appointed seventy-two others, and He sent them in pairs ahead of Him to every city and place He intended to visit.Luke 10:1
10:1. After these things, the Lord also appointed seventy-two others, and He sent them in pairs ahead of Him to every city and place He intended to visit.
10:2. He said to them, “The harvest is great indeed, but the laborers are few. Beseech the Lord of the harvest to send laborers into His harvest.
10:3. “Go; behold, I send you as lambs among wolves.
10:4. “Do not carry a purse, a travel bag, or shoes, and salute no man on the way.
Heal the sick that are there and say to them, 'The kingdom of God is at hand.Luke 10:9
10:5. “Into whatever house you enter, first say, 'Peace be to this house.'
10:6. “If a son of peace is there, your peace shall rest upon him, but if not, it shall return to you.
Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the mighty works that have been performed in you had been performed in Tyre and Sidon, they would have done penance long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes.Luke 10:13
10:7. “Remain in the same house, eating and drinking such things as they have, for the laborer is worthy of his hire. Do not move from house to house.
10:8. “If you enter into any city and they receive you, eat what is set before you.
10:9. “Heal the sick that are there and say to them, 'The kingdom of God is at hand.'
10:10. “But if you enter into any city and they do not receive you, go out into the streets there and say,
The seventy-two returned with joy, saying, “Lord, the devils are also subject to us in Your name.Luke 10:17
10:11. “'Even the very dust of your city that clings to us, we wipe off against you. Yet know this: the kingdom of God is at hand.'
10:12. “I say to you, it shall be more tolerable at that day for Sodom than for that city.
10:13. “Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the mighty works that have been performed in you had been performed in Tyre and Sidon, they would have done penance long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes.
10:14. “But it shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the judgment than for you.
10:15. “And you, Capernaum, who have been exaulted to the skies, shall be thrust down to hell.
10:16. “He that hears you hears Me, and he that despises you despises Me, and he that despises Me despises Him that sent Me.”
10:17. The seventy-two returned with joy, saying, “Lord, the devils are also subject to us in Your name.”
10:18. He said to them, “I saw Satan falling from the sky like lightning.
10:19. “Behold, I have given you power to tread upon serpents, upon scorpions, and upon all the power of the enemy, and nothing shall hurt you.
10:20. “But do not rejoice merely because spirits are subject to you, but rejoice because your names are written in heaven.”
10:21. In that same hour, He rejoiced in the Holy Spirit and said, “I confess to You, O Father, Lord of Heaven and earth, because You have hidden these things from the wise and prudent and have revealed them to little ones. Yes, Father, for this has seemed delightful in Your sight.
He rejoiced in the Holy Spirit. . .That is, according to His humanity He rejoiced in the Holy Spirit, and gave thanks to His eternal Father.
10:22. “All things are delivered to Me by My Father. No one knows who the Son is except the Father, and no one knows who the Father is except the Son and those to whom the Son reveals Him.”
10:23. Turning to His disciples, He said, “Blessed are the eyes that see the things which you see.
10:24. “For I say to you that many prophets and kings have desired to see the things that you see and have not seen them; and to hear the things that you hear and have not heard them.”
10:25. A certain lawyer stood up to test Him and said, “Master, what must I do to possess eternal life?”
10:26. Jesus said to him, “What is written in the Law? How do you read it?”
10:27. He answered, “You shall love the Lord your God with your whole heart, with your whole soul, with all your strength, and with all your mind; and your neighbor as yourself.”
10:28. Jesus said to him, “You have answered right. Do this, and you shall live.”
10:29. But the lawyer, wanting to justify himself, said to Jesus, “And who is my neighbor?”
10:30. Jesus answered, “A certain man went down from Jerusalem to Jericho and fell among robbers, who also stripped him and, having wounded him, went away, leaving him half dead.
10:31. “A certain priest happened to go down the same way, yet upon seeing the man, he passed by.
10:32. “In the same manner a Levite, when he was near the place and saw the man, passed by also.
But a certain Samaritan, being on his journey, came near him, and seeing him, was moved with compassion...Luke 10:33
10:33. “But a certain Samaritan, being on his journey, came near him, and seeing him, was moved with compassion,
10:34. “and going up to him, bound up his wounds, pouring in oil and wine, and setting him upon his own beast, brought him to an inn and took care of him.
10:35. “The next day he took out two days' wages and gave them to the innkeeper and said, 'Take care of him, and whatever you shall spend above this, I will repay you on my return.'
Lord, do You not care that my sister has left me to serve by myself?Luke 10:40
10:36. “Which of these three, in your opinion, was neighbor to the man that fell among the robbers?”
10:37. But he said, “He that showed compassion toward him.” Jesus said to him, “Go, and do in the same manner.”
In the course of their journey, He entered into a certain town, and a woman named Martha received Him into her house.Luke 10:38
10:38. In the course of their journey, He entered into a certain town, and a woman named Martha received Him into her house.
She had a sister named Mary, who sat at the Lord's feet and listened to His word.Luke 10:39
10:39. She had a sister named Mary, who sat at the Lord's feet and listened to His word.
But Martha was greatly occupied with the serving. Martha stood and said, “Lord, do You not care that my sister has left me to serve by myself? Tell her to help me.”Luke 10:40
10:40. But Martha was greatly occupied with the serving. Martha stood and said, “Lord, do You not care that my sister has left me to serve by myself? Tell her to help me.”
10:41. The Lord answered her, “Martha, Martha, you are occupied and troubled with many things,
10:42. “but one thing is necessary. Mary has chosen the best part, which shall not be taken away from her.”
Christ teaches His disciples to pray. He casts out a dumb devil, confutes the Pharisees, and pronounces woes against them for their hypocrisy.
11:1. On one occasion, Jesus was praying in a certain place, and when He had finished, one of His disciples said to Him, “Lord, teach us to pray, just as John taught his disciples.”
Which of you shall have a friend and shall go to him at midnight and say to him, 'Friend, lend me three loaves...Luke 11:5
He said to them, “When you pray, say, 'Father...Luke 11:2
11:2. He said to them, “When you pray, say, 'Father, hallowed be Your Name. Your kingdom come.
11:3. “'Give us this day our daily bread.
11:4. ”'Forgive us our sins, for we also forgive every one that is indebted to us. Do not lead us into temptation.'”
11:5. He said to them, “Which of you shall have a friend and shall go to him at midnight and say to him, 'Friend, lend me three loaves
11:6. “'because a friend of mine has come to me on his journey and I do not have something to set before him.'
11:7. “He from within should reply, 'Do not trouble me; the door is now shut, and my children are with me in bed. I cannot rise and give you anything.'
11:8. “Yet if he shall continue knocking, I tell you, although he will not rise and give him something because he is his friend; yet, because of his importunity, he will rise and give him as much as he needs.
11:9. “Ask, and it shall be given to you; seek, and you shall find; knock, and it shall be opened to you.
11:10. “For everyone that asks receives, and he that seeks finds, and to him that knocks it shall be opened.
11:11. “Which of you fathers, if your son asks for bread, will give him a stone? Or if a fish, will give him a serpent?
11:12. “Or if he shall ask for an egg, will offer him a scorpion?
11:13. “If you then, as evil as you are, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father from Heaven give the good Spirit to those who ask Him?”
11:14. Jesus was casting out a dumb devil, and when He had cast out the devil, the person who had been dumb spoke, and the multitudes were amazed at it.
11:15. But some of them said, “He casts out devils by Beelzebul, the prince of devils.”
...he will take away all his armor
in which he trusted and will distribute his spoils.Luke 11:22
11:16. Others, testing Him, asked Him for a sign from Heaven.
11:17. Jesus, seeing their thoughts, said to them, “Every kingdom divided against itself shall be brought to ruin, and house shall fall upon house.
11:18. “If Satan is divided against himself, how shall his kingdom stand? After all, you say that through Beelzebul I cast out devils.
11:19. “Now if I cast out devils by Beelzebul, by whom do your children cast them out? Therefore, they shall be your judges.
11:20. “But if I cast out devils by the finger of God, it is doubtless that the Kingdom of God has come upon you.
11:21. “When a strong armed man guards his court, the things he possesses are in peace.
But He said, “Even better: blessed are those who hear the word of God and follow it.”Luke 11:28
11:22. “But if one stronger than he comes upon him and overcomes him, he will take away all his armor in which he trusted and will distribute his spoils.
11:23. “He that is not with me is against Me, and he that does not gather with Me scatters.
11:24. “When an unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walks through places without water, seeking rest, and not finding any, he says, 'I will return to the house I left.'
11:25. “When he comes, he finds it swept and in order.
11:26. “Then he goes and leagues himself with seven other spirits who are more wicked than himself, and they enter in and dwell there, and the last state of that man becomes worse than the first.”
As He spoke these things, a certain woman from the crowd raised her voice and said to Him, “Blessed is the womb that bore You and the one that nursed You.”Luke 11:27
11:27. As He spoke these things, a certain woman from the crowd raised her voice and said to Him, “Blessed is the womb that bore You and the one that nursed You.”
11:28. But He said, “Even better: blessed are those who hear the word of God and follow it.”
For as Jonah was a sign to the Ninivites, so shall the Son of Man also be to this generation.
The queen of the south shall rise in the judgment with the men of this generation and shall condemn them...
11:29. The throng was packing tightly around Jesus, and He began to say, “This generation is a wicked generation. It demands a sign, and no sign shall be given to it except the sign of Jonah the prophet.
11:30. “For as Jonah was a sign to the Ninivites, so shall the Son of Man also be to this generation.
11:31. “The queen of the south shall rise in the judgment with the men of this generation and shall condemn them because she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon. Behold, more than Solomon is here.
11:32. “The men of Nineveh shall rise in the judgment with this generation and shall condemn it because they did penance at the preaching of Jonah. And behold, more than Jonah is here.
11:33. “No man lights a candle and puts it in a hidden place or under a bushel basket, but upon a candlestick, that those that come in may see the light.
11:34. “The light of your body is your eye. If your eye is clear-sighted, your whole body will be illuminated; but if it is evil, your body will also be in darkness.
The Lord said to him, “You Pharisees cleanse the outside of the cup and the platter, but your inside is full of extortion and iniquity.Luke 11:39
11:35. “Take heed therefore that the light which is in you is not darkness.
11:36. “If then your whole body is illuminated, having no aspect of darkness, the whole shall be illuminated and shall enlighten you as a bright lamp.”
11:37. As He was speaking, a certain Pharisee asked Jesus to dine with him, and Jesus went in and sat down to eat.
11:38. The Pharisee began to wonder why Jesus had not washed before dinner.
11:39. The Lord said to him, “You Pharisees cleanse the outside of the cup and the platter, but your inside is full of extortion and iniquity.
But woe to you, Pharisees, because you tithe mint...Luke 11:42
11:40. “You fools, did He that made the exterior not also make that which is within?
11:41. “But give what is left as alms, and behold, you will be clean in everything.
11:42. “But woe to you, Pharisees, because you tithe mint, rue, and every herb, yet neglect the justice and charity expected by God. Now these things you ought to have done, and not to leave the others undone. The former things you ought to have done, yet in no way omitted the others!
11:43. “Woe to you, Pharisees, because you love the uppermost seats in the synagogues and salutations in the marketplace.
11:44. “Woe to you, because you are like hidden sepulchers that men walk over unaware.”
11:45. One of the lawyers said to Him in reply, “Master, in saying these things, You reproach us also.”
11:46. But He said, “Woe to you lawyers also, because you load men with burdens which they cannot bear and you yourselves do not touch the packs with one of your fingers.
Woe to you lawyers. . .He speaks of the doctors of the law of Moses, commonly called the scribes.
...to the blood of Zechariah, who was slain between the altar and the Temple.
11:47. “Woe to you who build the monuments of the prophets whom your fathers killed.
Woe to you who build, etc. . .Not that the building of the monuments of the prophets was in itself blameworthy, but only the intention of these unhappy men, who made use of this outward show of religion and piety, as a means to carry on their wicked designs against the prince of prophets.
11:48. “Truly you bear witness that you consent to the doings of your fathers. For they indeed killed them, and you build their sepulchres.
11:49. “For this cause also the wisdom of God said, I will send to them prophets and apostles, and some of them they will kill and persecute,
11:50. “that the blood of all the prophets which was shed from the foundation of the world may be required of this generation,
...to the blood of Zechariah, who was slain between the altar and the Temple.Luke 11:51
11:51. “from the blood of Abel to the blood of Zechariah, who was slain between the altar and the Temple. Yes, I say to you, it shall be required of this generation.
11:52. “Woe to you lawyers, for you have taken away the key of knowledge. You yourselves have not entered in, and those that were entering in, you have hindered.”
11:53. As He was saying these things to them, the Pharisees and the lawyers began violently to urge Him and to oppress His mouth about many things,
11:54. lying in wait for Him and seeking to catch something from His mouth, that they might accuse Him.
Christ warns us against hypocrisy, the fear of the world and covetousness. He admonishes all to watch.
Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy.
12:1. When great multitudes stood about Him, so that they trod upon one another, He began to say to His disciples, “Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy.
12:2. “For there is nothing covered that shall not be revealed, nor hidden that shall not be known.
12:3. “For whatever things you have spoken in darkness shall be published in the light, and that which you have spoken in the ear in the chambers shall be preached on the housetops.
When they shall bring you into the synagogues and to magistrates and powers,...the Holy Spirit shall teach you...what you must say.Saint Stephen
before the SanhedrinLuke 12:11
12:4. “I say to you, My friends, do not be afraid of those who kill the body and after that have no more that they can do.
12:5. “But I will show you whom you shall fear. Fear him who, after he has killed, has power to cast into hell. Yes, I say to you, fear him.
12:6. “Are not five sparrows sold for an eighth of a day's wage, and not one of them is forgotten before God?
12:7. “Yes, the very hairs of your head are all numbered. Therefore, do not fear; you are of more value than many sparrows.
12:8. “I say to you: Whoever shall confess Me before men, him shall the Son of man also confess before the angels of God.
12:9. “But he that shall deny Me before men shall be denied before the angels of God.
12:10. “Whoever speaks a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him, but to him that shall blaspheme against the Holy Spirit, it shall not be forgiven.
12:11. “When they shall bring you into the synagogues and to magistrates and powers, be not solicitous how or what you shall answer, or what you shall say.
12:12. “For the Holy Spirit shall teach you in the same hour what you must say.”
12:13. One of the multitude said to Him, “Master, speak to my brother that he divide the inheritance with me.”
12:14. He said to him, “Man, who has appointed me judge or divider over you?”
12:15. Jesus said to them, “Take heed and beware of all covetousness, for a man's life does not consist in the abundance of things which he possesses.”
12:16. He spoke a parable to them, saying, “The land of a certain rich man brought forth plenty of fruits.
12:17. “He thought to himself, saying, 'What shall I do, because I have no room where to bestow my fruits?'
But God said to him, 'You fool, this night your soul is required of you...'
12:18. “He said, 'I will do this: I will pull down my barns and will build larger ones, and I will gather into them all things that are grown to me and my goods.
12:19. “'I will say to my soul, 'Soul, you have many goods laid up for many years. Take your rest, eat, drink, and make good cheer.
12:20. “But God said to him, 'You fool, this night your soul is required of you, and whose shall those things be which you have provided?'
12:21. “So is he that lays up treasure for himself and is not rich towards God.”
12:22. He said to His disciples, “Therefore I say to you: Do not be solicitous for your life, what you shall eat, nor for your body, what you shall put on.
12:23. “The life is more than the meat, and the body is more than the raiment.
12:24. “Consider the ravens, for they do not sow, nor do they reap, nor do they have storehouse or barn, and God feeds them. How much more valuable are you than they?
12:25. “Which of you can add one cubit to his stature by thinking about it?
12:26. “If then you are not able to do so much as the least thing, why are you solicitous for the rest?
12:27. “Consider how the lilies grow; they do not labor, nor do they spin. But I say to you, not even Solomon in all his glory was clothed like one of these.
12:28. “Now, if in this manner God clothes the grass that is in the field today and is cast into the oven tomorrow, how much more you, O you of little faith?
12:29. “Do not seek what you shall eat or what you shall drink, and do not be lifted up on high.
12:30. “For the nations of the world seek all these things. But your Father knows that you have need of these things.
12:31. “But first seek the kingdom of God and His justice, and all these things shall be added to you.
12:32. “Fear not, little flock, for it has pleased your Father to give you a kingdom.
12:33. “Sell what you possess and give alms. Make to yourselves bags which do not grow old, a treasure in heaven which does not fail, and where no thief approaches nor moth corrupts.
12:34. “For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.
12:35. “Let your loins be girt and lamps burning in your hands.
12:36. “You yourselves are like men who wait for their lord when he shall return from the wedding, that when he comes and knocks, they may open to him immediately.
12:37. “Blessed are those servants whom the Lord, when He comes, shall find watching. Amen I say to you that He will gird Himself and make them sit down to eat and serve them at table.
12:38. “If He shall come in the second watch or come in the third watch and find them so, blessed are those servants.
Let your loins be girt and lamps burning in your hands.
But know this, that if the householder did know at what hour the thief would come, he would surely watch and would not allow his house to be broken open.
12:39. “But know this, that if the householder did know at what hour the thief would come, he would surely watch and would not allow his house to be broken open.
12:40. “Be ready then also, for the Son of man will come at an hour you do not expect.”
12:41. Peter said to Him, “Lord, do You speak this parable for us or for everyone?”
12:42. The Lord said, “Who do you think is the faithful and wise steward, whom his lord sets over his family, to give them their measure of wheat in due season?
12:43. “Blessed is that servant whom, when his lord shall come, he shall find doing it.
I have come to cast fire on the earth, and what do I want but that it be kindled?Luke 12:49
12:44. “Truly I say to you, he will set him over all that he possesses.
12:45. “But if that servant shall say in his heart, 'My lord is long in coming,' and shall begin to strike the men-servants and maid-servants, and to eat and to drink and be drunk,
12:46. “the lord of that servant will come on the day that he does not hope and at the hour that he does not know and shall separate him and shall appoint him his portion with unbelievers.
12:47. “That servant, who knew the will of his lord and did not prepare himself and did not do according to his will shall be beaten with many stripes,
12:48. “but he that did no know and did things worthy of stripes shall be beaten with few stripes. To whomever much is given, of him much shall be required, and to whom they have committed much, of him they will demand more.
12:49. “I have come to cast fire on the earth, and what do I want but that it be kindled?
When you see a cloud
rising from the west, you immediately say, 'A shower is coming.'Luke 12:54
12:50. “I have a baptism with which I am to be baptized, and how am I strained until it be accomplished?
12:51. “Do you think that I have come to give peace on earth? I tell you, no; but separation.
12:52. “For from now on there shall be five in one house, divided three against two and two against three.
12:53. “The father shall be divided against the son and the son against his father; the mother against the daughter and the daughter against her mother; the mother-in-law against the daughter-in-law and the daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law.”
12:54. He also said to the multitudes, “When you see a cloud rising from the west, you immediately say, 'A shower is coming.' So it happens.
12:55. “When you see the south wind blow, you say, 'There will be heat.' It comes to pass.
12:56. “You hypocrites, you know how to discern the face of the sky and of the earth, but how is it that you do not discern this time?
12:57. “Why, even of yourselves, do you not judge that which is just?
12:58. “When you go with your adversary to the prince, endeavor to be delivered from him while you are on the way, lest perhaps he draw you to the judge, and the judge deliver you to the exacter, and the exacter cast you into prison.
12:59. “I say to you, you shall not go out from there until you pay the very last penny.”
The necessity of penance. The barren fig tree. The cure of the infirm woman. The journey to Jerusalem.
13:1. There were present, at that very time, some that told Him of the Galileans whose blood Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices.
13:2. He answered them, “Do you think that these Galileans were sinners above all the men of Galilee, because they suffered such things?
13:3. “No, I say to you, but you shall all likewise perish unless you do penance.
“Or do you think that those eighteen whom the tower in Siloam fell upon and slew were also debtors above all the men that dwelt in Jerusalem?Luke 13:4
13:4. “Or do you think that those eighteen whom the tower in Siloam fell upon and slew were also debtors above all the men that dwelt in Jerusalem?
13:5. “No, I say to you, but you shall all likewise perish unless you do penance.”
13:6. He also spoke this parable: A certain man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard, and he came seeking fruit on it and found none.
13:7. He said to the dresser of the vineyard, “Behold, for these three years I have come seeking fruit on this fig tree and I have found none. Cut it down therefore. Why does it encumber the ground?”
Lord, leave it alone this year also until I dig around it and fertilize it...
The unfruitful tree
...and there was a woman who had had a spirit of infirmity for eighteen years.
13:8. But the dresser of the vineyard answered him, “Lord, leave it alone this year also until I dig around it and fertilize it
13:9. “and it should readily bear fruit, but if not, then after that you shall cut it down.”
13:10. Jesus was teaching in their synagogue on their Sabbath
...and there was a woman who had had a spirit of infirmity for eighteen years. She was bowed together and could not look upwards at all.Luke 13:11
13:11. and there was a woman who had had a spirit of infirmity for eighteen years. She was bowed together and could not look upwards at all.
13:12. When Jesus saw her, He called her to Him and said to her, “Woman, you are delivered from your infirmity.”
13:13. He laid His hands upon her, and immediately she was made straight and glorified God.
13:14. The ruler of the synagogue was angry that Jesus had healed on the Sabbath and said to the multitude, “There are six days in which you ought to work. Come and be healed on those days, not on the Sabbath day.”
13:15. The Lord answered him, “You hypocrites, does not every one of you, on the Sabbath day, loose his ox or his donkey from the manger and lead them to water?
13:16. “And ought not this daughter of Abraham, whom Satan has bound these eighteen years, be loosed from this bond on the Sabbath day?”
13:17. When he said these things, all His adversaries were ashamed, and all the people rejoiced for all the things that were gloriously done by Him.
13:18. Jesus then said, “To what is the Kingdom of God like, and to what shall I resemble it?
13:19. “It is like a grain of mustard seed which a man took and cast into his garden, and it grew and became a great tree, and the birds of the air lodged in its branches.”
13:20. Again He said, “To what shall I esteem the Kingdom of God to be like?
13:21. “It is like leaven which a woman took and hid in three measures of dough until the whole was leavened.”
Jesus went through the cities and towns teaching and making His journey to Jerusalem...
But when the Master of the house shall have gone in and shall shut the door...
“Behold, those who are last shall be first, and those who are first shall be last.”
13:22. Jesus went through the cities and towns teaching and making His journey to Jerusalem,
13:23. and a certain man said to Him, “Lord, are they few that are saved?“ But He said to them,
13:24. “Strive to enter by the narrow gate, for many, I say to you, shall seek to enter and shall not be able.
Shall seek, etc. . .Shall desire to be saved; but for want of taking sufficient pains, and being thoroughly in earnest, shall not attain to it.
13:25. “But when the Master of the house shall have gone in and shall shut the door, you shall begin to stand outside and knock at the door, saying, 'Lord, open to us.' He shall answer to you, 'I do not know you or where you are from.
13:26. “Then you shall begin to say, 'We have eaten and drunk in Your presence, and You have taught in our streets.'
13:27. “He shall say to you, 'I do not know you or where you are from. Depart from Me, all you workers of iniquity.'
13:28. “There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth when you shall see Abraham and Isaac and Jacob and all the prophets in the Kingdom of God and you yourselves thrust out
Gnashing of teeth...the term describes facial movements that usually accompany those who are both in anguish and rage at the same time, which also matches the description of those who have rejected God to follow after their own desires and do no enter the Kingdom of Heaven. Grinding of teeth is only done in anguish that is not accompanied by hatred.
13:29. “while people come from the East, the West, the North, and the South and sit down in the kingdom of God.
13:30. “Behold, those who are last shall be first, and those who are first shall be last.”
13:31. The same day, some of the Pharisees came to Jesus and said, “Depart and get away from here, for Herod has a mind to kill You.”
13:32. He said to them, “Go and tell that fox: Behold, I cast out devils and do cures today and tomorrow, and the third day I am consummated.
13:33. “Nevertheless, I must walk today and tomorrow and the day following, because it cannot be that a prophet perish outside Jerusalem.
13:34. “Jerusalem, Jerusalem, that kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to you, how often would I have gathered your children as the bird gathers her brood under her wings, and you would not?
13:35. “Behold your house shall be left desolate to you, and I say to you that you shall not see Me until the time come when you shall say, 'Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord.'”
Christ heals the man afflicted with dropsy. The parable of the supper. The necessity of renouncing all to follow Christ.
14:1. It came to pass that when Jesus went into the house of one of the Pharisees on the Sabbath day, they watched Him.
Which of you shall have a donkey or an ox
fall into a pit and will not immediately draw it out on the Sabbath day?Luke 14:5
14:2. There was a certain man before Him that had dropsy,
14:3. and Jesus said to the lawyers and Pharisees, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath day?”
14:4. But they remained silent. But Jesus took the man, healed him, and sent him away.
14:5. Jesus said to the lawyers and Pharisees, “Which of you shall have a donkey or an ox fall into a pit and will not immediately draw it out on the Sabbath day?”
But when you are invited, go, sit down in the lowest place...Luke 14:10
14:6. They could not answer Him to these things.
14:7. Jesus, marking how those who were invited chose the first seats at the table, spoke a parable to them, saying,
14:8. “When you are invited to a wedding, do not sit down in the first place, lest perhaps one more honorable than you also be invited
14:9. “and he that invited you and him come and say to you, 'Give this man your place.' Then you will begin with shame to take the lowest place.
14:10. “But when you are invited, go, sit down in the lowest place, that when he who invited you comes, he may say to you, 'Friend, go up higher.' Then you shall have glory before those who sit at table with you.
But when you make a feast, call the poor, the maimed, the lame, and the blind.Luke 14:13
14:11. “Because everyone that exalts himself shall be humbled, and he that humbles himself shall be exalted.”
14:12. Jesus also said to him that had invited Him: “When you make a dinner or a supper, do not call your friends or your brethren or your kinsmen or your neighbors who are rich; lest perhaps they also invite you again, and a recompense be made to you.
14:13. “But when you make a feast, call the poor, the maimed, the lame, and the blind.
14:14. “You shall be blessed that they do not have the means to make you recompense, for recompense shall be made you at the resurrection of the just.”
14:15. When one of them that sat at table with Him had heard these things, he said to Him, “Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the Kingdom of God.”
14:16. But Jesus said to him, “A certain man made a great supper and invited many.
Another said, 'I have bought five yoke of oxen and I must go to try them. I ask you to consider me excused.'Luke 14:19
14:17. “He sent his servant at the hour of supper to say to those who were invited that they should come, for everything was now ready.
14:18. “They began all at once to make excuse. The first said to him, 'I have bought a farm and I must go out and see it. I ask you to consider me excused.'
14:19. “Another said, 'I have bought five yoke of oxen and I must go to try them. I ask you to consider me excused.'
14:20. “Another said, 'I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.'
"Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city..."
14:21. “The servant returned and told these things to his lord. Then the master of the house, being angry, said to his servant, 'Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city and bring in the poor and the feeble and the blind and the lame.'
14:22. “The servant said, 'Lord, it is done as you have commanded, yet there is still room.'
For which of you, having a mind to build a tower
, does not first sit down and reckon the charges that are necessary...Luke 14:28
14:23. “The Lord said to the servant, 'Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
14:24. “'But I say to you that none of those men that were invited shall taste of my supper.'”
14:25. Great multitudes went with Jesus, and He turned and said to them,
14:26. “If any man comes to Me and does not spurn his father, mother, wife, children, brethren, sisters, and even his very own life, he cannot be My disciple.
We must be in that disposition of soul, as to be willing to renounce, and part with every thing, how near or dear it may be to us, that would keep us from following Christ.
14:27. “Whoever does not carry his cross and come after Me cannot be My disciple.
14:28. “For which of you, having a mind to build a tower, does not first sit down and reckon the charges that are necessary and whether he has the means to finish it
14:29. “lest, after he has laid the foundation and is not able to finish it, all that see it begin to mock him
14:30. “and say, 'This man began to build and was not able to finish.'
is good. But if the salt
shall lose its savor, with what shall it be seasoned?Luke 14:34
14:31. “Or what king about to go to make war against another king, does not first sit down and think whether he is able, with ten thousand, to meet him that comes against him with with twenty thousand,
14:32. “that if he cannot, he can send an embassy requesting terms of peace while the other is yet afar off?
14:33. “Likewise, every one of you that does not renounce all that he possesses cannot be My disciple.
14:34. “Salt is good. But if the salt shall lose its savor, with what shall it be seasoned?
14:35. “It is neither profitable for the land nor for the dunghill, but shall be cast out. He that has ears to hear, let him hear.”
The parables of the lost sheep and of the prodigal son.
15:1. Now the publicans and sinners drew near to Jesus to hear Him.
15:2. The Pharisees and the scribes murmured, saying, “This man receives sinners and eats with them.”
15:3. Jesus spoke to them this parable, saying,
What man among you that has a hundred sheep, if he shall lose one of them...
...and when he has found it, lays it upon his shoulders, rejoicing,...
“Or what woman having ten silver coins worth a day's wage apiece, if she loses one coin, does not light a candle and sweep the house and seek diligently until she finds it...
15:4. “What man among you that has a hundred sheep, if he shall lose one of them, does not leave the ninety-nine in the desert and go after that which was lost, until he finds it,
15:5. “and when he has found it, lays it upon his shoulders, rejoicing,
15:6. “and coming home, calls together his friends and neighbors, saying to them, 'Rejoice with me, because I have found my sheep that was lost'?
15:7. “I say to you that there shall be similar joy in heaven over one sinner that does penance, more than over ninety-nine just who do not need penance.
15:8. “Or what woman having ten silver coins worth a day's wage apiece, if she loses one coin, does not light a candle and sweep the house and seek diligently until she finds it,
15:9. “and when she has found it, calls together her friends and neighbors, saying: 'Rejoice with me, because I have found the coin which I had lost'?
“He went and consigned himself to one of the citizens of that country, who sent him to his farm to feed swine.Luke 15:15
15:10. “So I say to you, there shall be joy before the angels of God over one sinner doing penance.”
Before the angels. . .By this it is plain that the spirits in heaven have a concern for us below, and a joy at our repentance and consequently a knowledge of it.
15:11. Jesus also said, “A certain man had two sons.
15:12. “The younger of them said to his father, 'Father, give me my inheritance.' And the father divided his estate between the two sons.
15:13. “Not many days after this, the younger son gathered everything together and went abroad into a far country and wasted his inheritance there in riotous living.
15:14. “After he had spent everything, a mighty famine came upon that country, and he began to be in want.
15:15. “He went and consigned himself to one of the citizens of that country, who sent him to his farm to feed swine.
15:16. “He would have happily filled his belly with the husks the swine ate, but no man gave them to him.
15:17. “Returning to his senses, he said, 'How many hired servants in my father's house abound with bread, and I perish here with hunger!
15:18. “'I will arise and will go to my father and say to him, “Father, I have sinned against Heaven and against you.
15:19. “'“I am not worthy to be called your son; make me as one of your hired servants.”'
When he was yet a great way off, his father saw him and was moved with compassion and running to him fell upon his neck and kissed him.Luke 15:20
15:20. “Rising up, he came to his father. When he was yet a great way off, his father saw him and was moved with compassion and running to him fell upon his neck and kissed him.
The Parable of the Prodigal Son
15:21. “The son said to him, 'Father, I have sinned against heaven and against you; I am now not worthy to be called your son.'
15:22. “The father said to his servants, 'Quickly bring out the best robe and put it on him, and put a ring on his hand and shoes on his feet.
15:23. “'Bring the fatted calf here and kill it, and let us eat and make merry
15:24. “'because this son of mine was dead and has come to life again; he was lost and has been found.' And they began to be merry.
15:25. “Now his elder son was in the field and when he came and approached close to the house, he heard music and dancing.
15:26. “He called one of the servants and asked what these things meant.
15:27. “He said to him, 'Your brother has come and your father has killed the fatted calf, because he has received him safe and sound.'
15:28. “The elder son was angry and would not go in. His father came out and began to entreat him.
15:29. “He answered his father, 'Behold, for so many years I have served you and I have never transgressed your commandment, yet you have never even given me a kid to make merry with my friends.
But as soon as this son of yours has come,... you kill the fatted calf
for him.Luke 15:30
15:30. “'But as soon as this son of yours has come, who devoured his substance with harlots, you kill the fatted calf for him.'
15:31. “But the father said to him, 'Son, you are always with me, and all I have is yours.
15:32. “'But it was fitting that we should make merry and be glad, for this brother of yours was dead and has come to life again; he was lost, and has been found.'”
The parable of the unjust steward and of the rich man and Lazarus.
The steward said to him, 'Take your bill; sit down quickly and write fifty.The enterprising stewardLuke 16:6
16:1. Jesus also said to His disciples, “There was a certain rich man who had a steward who was accused before him of wasting his goods.
16:2. “He called the steward and said to him, 'How is it that I hear this about you? Give an account of your stewardship, for now you cannot be steward any longer.'
16:3. “The steward said to himself, 'What shall I do, because my lord has taken the stewardship away from me? I am not able to dig; I am ashamed to beg.
16:4. “'I know what I will do that, when I shall be removed from the stewardship, I may be received into people's homes.'
16:5. “Calling together each of his lord's debtors, he said to the first, 'How much do you owe my lord?'
16:6. “He said, 'A hundred barrels of oil.' The steward said to him, 'Take your bill; sit down quickly and write fifty.'
16:7. “Then he said to another, 'And how much do you owe?' He said, 'A thousand bushels of wheat.' The steward said to him, 'Take your bill and write eight hundred.'
16:8. “The lord commended the unjust steward since he had acted wisely, for the children of this world are wiser in their generation than the children of light.
16:9. “I say to you, make friends using delusive wealth, that when you shall fail, they may receive you into everlasting dwellings.
Delusive wealth...The wealth of this world is not the true wealth we hope to gain as Christians. They may receive. . .By this we see, that the poor servants of God, whom we have relieved by our alms, may hereafter, by their intercession, bring our souls to heaven.
No servant can serve two masters...You cannot serve God and mammon.Luke 16:13
16:10. “He that is faithful in that which is least is also faithful in that which is greater, and he that is unjust in that which is little is also unjust in that which is greater.
16:11. “If then you have not been faithful in the delusive wealth, who will trust you with that which is the true?
16:12. “If you have not been faithful in that which is another's, who will give you that which is your own?
16:13. “No servant can serve two masters, for either he will hate the one and love the other or he will hold to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve God and mammon.”
16:14. Now the Pharisees, who were covetous, heard all these things, and they derided Him.
16:15. Jesus said to them, “You justify yourselves before men, but God knows your hearts. For that which is high to men is an abomination before God.
16:16. “The law and the prophets existed until John. From that time the Kingdom of God is preached, and everyone must enter it by strenuous labor.
16:17. “It is easier for heaven and earth to pass than one tittle of the law to be revoked.
16:18. “Everyone that divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery, and he that marries a woman that is divorced from her husband commits adultery.
16:19. “There was a certain rich man who was clothed in purple and fine linen and feasted sumptuously every day.
The Parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus
There was also a certain beggar, named Lazarus, who lay at his gate; he was full of sores...Luke 16:20
16:20. “There was also a certain beggar, named Lazarus, who lay at his gate; he was full of sores
16:21. “and desired to be filled with the crumbs that fell from the rich man's table. No one gave them to him; moreover, the dogs came and licked his sores.
16:22. “It came to pass that the beggar died and was carried by the angels into Abraham's bosom. The rich man also died and he was buried in hell.
Abraham's bosom. . .The place of rest, where the souls of the saints resided, till Christ had opened heaven by his death.
Lifting up his eyes when he was in torment, he saw Abraham afar off and Lazarus in his bosom...Luke 16:23
16:23. “Lifting up his eyes when he was in torment, he saw Abraham afar off and Lazarus in his bosom,
16:24. “and he cried and said, 'Father Abraham, have mercy on me and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water to cool my tongue, for I am tormented in this flame.'
16:25. “Abraham said to him, 'Son, remember that you received good things in your lifetime, and likewise Lazarus evil things, but now he is comforted and you are tormented.
16:26. “'Besides all this, between us and you there is fixed a great abyss, so that those who would pass from here to you cannot, nor come here from there.'
16:27. “The rich man said, 'Then, father, I beseech you that you would send him to my father's house, for I have five brethren,
16:28. “'that he may testify to them, lest they also come into this place of torments.'
16:29. “Abraham said to him, 'They have Moses and the prophets. Let them hear them.'
16:30. “But he said, 'No, father Abraham, but if one went to them from the dead, they will do penance.'
16:31. “Abraham said to him, 'If they do not hear Moses and the prophets, neither will they believe if one rise again from the dead.'”
Lessons of avoiding scandal and of the efficacy of faith. The ten lepers. The manner of the coming of Christ.
17:1. Jesus said to His disciples, “It is impossible that scandals should not come. But woe to him through whom they come!
you might say to this mulberry tree
, 'Be rooted up and transplanted into the sea,' and it would obey you.Luke 17:6
17:2. “It would be better for him that a millstone were hung about his neck and he was cast into the sea, than that he should scandalize one of these little ones.
But which of you, having a servant ploughing...Luke 17:7
17:3. “Take heed to yourselves. If your brother sins against you, reprove him, and if he does penance, forgive him.
17:4. “If he sins against you seven times in a day, and seven times in a day he comes to you repentant, saying, 'I am sorry,' forgive him.”
17:5. The Apostles said to the Lord, “Increase our faith.”
17:6. The Lord said, “If you had faith like a grain of mustard seed, you might say to this mulberry tree, 'Be rooted up and transplanted into the sea,' and it would obey you.
17:7. “But which of you, having a servant ploughing or feeding cattle, will say to him, when he has come from the field, 'Go immediately; sit down to eat,'
17:8. “and will not rather say to him, 'Make my supper ready and gird yourself and serve me while I eat and drink, and afterwards you will eat and drink'?
17:9. “Does he thank that servant for doing the things which he commanded him?
17:10. “I think not. So you also, when you shall have done all these things that are commanded you, say, 'We are unprofitable servants; we have done that which we ought to do.'”
Unprofitable servants. . .Because our service is of no profit to our master; and he justly claims it as our bounden duty. But though we are unprofitable to him, our serving him is not unprofitable to us; for he is pleased to give by his grace a value to our good works, which, in consequence of his promise, entitles them to an eternal reward.
17:11. It came to pass, as Jesus was going to Jerusalem, He passed through the midst of Samaria and Galilee.
As He entered into a certain town, there met Him ten men that were lepers, who stood afar off...Luke 17:12
17:12. As He entered into a certain town, there met Him ten men that were lepers, who stood afar off,
17:13. and lifted up their voice, saying, “Jesus, Master, have mercy on us.”
17:14. When He saw them, He said, “Go, show yourselves to the priests.” It came to pass, as they went, they were made clean.
He fell on his face before the feet of Jesus giving thanks.Luke 17:16
17:15. One of them, when he saw that he was made clean, went back with a loud voice glorifying God.
17:16. He fell on his face before the feet of Jesus giving thanks. This man was a Samaritan.
17:17. Jesus said, “Were not ten made clean? And where are the nine?
17:18. “There is no one found to return and give glory to God, but this stranger.”
For the Son of man in His day shall be as the lightning that flashes from under heaven to the earth's bounds.Luke 17:24
17:19. Jesus said to him, “Arise, go your way; for your faith has made you whole.”
17:20. Being asked by the Pharisees when the Kingdom of God should come, He answered them, “The Kingdom of God does not come with observation.
17:21. “Nor shall they say, 'Behold here,' or 'Behold there.' For lo, the Kingdom of God is within you.”
But first He must suffer many things and be rejected...Luke 17:25
17:22. Jesus said to His disciples, “The days will come when you shall desire to see one day of the Son of man, and you shall not see it.
17:23. “They will say to you, 'See here,' and 'See there.' Do not go after nor follow them.
17:24. “For the Son of man in His day shall be as the lightning that flashes from under heaven to the earth's bounds.
17:25. “But first He must suffer many things and be rejected by this generation.
As it came to pass in the days of Noah, so shall it also be in the days of the Son of man.Luke 17:26
17:26. “As it came to pass in the days of Noah, so shall it also be in the days of the Son of man.
17:27. “They ate and drank, they married wives and were given in marriage until the day that Noah entered into the ark and the flood came and destroyed them all.
17:28. “Likewise, it shall be as in the days of Lot. They ate and drank, they bought and sold, they planted and built,
17:29. “and in the day that Lot went out of Sodom, it rained fire and brimstone from heaven and destroyed them all.
17:30. “Even thus shall it be in the day when the Son of man shall be revealed.
17:31. “In that hour, he that is on the housetop and has his goods in the house should not go down to take them away, and, similarly, he that is in the field should not return back.
Wherever the carcass shall be, there will the eagles
also be gathered together. Luke 17:37
17:32. “Remember Lot's wife.
17:33. “Whoever shall seek to save his life shall lose it, and whoever shall lose it shall preserve it.
17:34. “I say to you: In that night there shall be two men in one bed. The one shall be taken and the other shall be left.
17:35. “Two women shall be grinding together. The one shall be taken and the other shall be left. Two men shall be in the field. The one shall be taken and the other shall be left.”
17:36. They said to him, “Where, Lord?”
17:37. He said to them, “Wherever the carcass shall be, there will the eagles also be gathered together.”
We must pray always. The Pharisee and the publican. The danger of riches. The blind man is restored to sight.
18:1. Jesus also spoke a parable to them, that we ought always to pray and not to grow weary,
There was a judge in a certain city, who did not fear God nor regarded man.
18:2. saying, “There was a judge in a certain city, who did not fear God nor regarded man.
18:3. “There was a certain widow in that city, and she came to him, saying, 'Avenge me of my adversary.'
Avenge. . .That is, do me justice. It is a Hebrew idiom.
18:4. “He would not for a long time, but afterwards said to himself, 'Although I do not fear God nor regard man,
18:5. “'yet because this widow is troublesome to me, I will avenge her, lest she continually come and weary me.'”
18:6. The Lord said, “Hear what the unjust judge says.
18:7. “Will God not revenge His elect who cry to Him day and night? And will He procrastinate in their regard?
18:8. “I say to you that He will quickly revenge them. But yet the Son of man, when He comes, shall He find faith on earth, do you think?”
18:9. To some who trusted in themselves as just and despised others, He also spoke this parable,
The Parable of the Pharisee and the Tax Collector
18:10. “Two men went up into the Temple to pray: the one a Pharisee and the other a publican.
18:11. “The Pharisee stood and prayed by himself in this manner, 'O God, I give you thanks that I am not as the rest of men, extortioners, unjust, adulterers, as also is this publican.
18:12. “'I fast twice in a week; I give tithes of all that I possess.'
18:13. “The publican, standing afar off, would not so much as lift up his eyes towards heaven, but struck his breast, saying, 'O God, be merciful to me a sinner.'
18:14. “I say to you, this man went down into his house justified rather than the other, because everyone that exalts himself shall be humbled, and he that humbles himself shall be exalted.”
18:15. They also brought infants to Jesus that He might touch them. When the disciples saw this, they rebuked them.
, calling them together, said, “Allow the children to come to me and do not forbid them, for to such does the Kingdom of God belong.Luke 18:16
18:16. But Jesus, calling them together, said, “Allow the children to come to me and do not forbid them, for to such does the Kingdom of God belong.
18:17. “Amen, I say to you, whoever shall not receive the Kingdom of God as a child shall not enter into it.”
18:18. A certain ruler asked Jesus, “Good master, what shall I do to possess everlasting life?”
18:19. Jesus said to him, “Why do you call me good? None is good but God alone.
18:20. “You know the commandments. You shalt not kill. You shalt not commit adultery. You shall not steal. You shalt not bear false witness. Honor your father and mother.”
18:21. The ruler said, “I have kept all these things from my youth.”
18:22. When Jesus had heard this, He said to him, “Yet one thing is wanting of you. Sell all that you have and give it to the poor, and you shall have treasure in heaven, and come, follow Me.”
Having heard these things, he became sorrowful, for he was very rich.Luke 18:23
18:23. Having heard these things, he became sorrowful, for he was very rich.
18:24. Jesus seeing him become sorrowful, said, “How rarely shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom of God.
18:25. “For it is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.”
18:26. They that heard it said, “Who then can be saved?”
18:27. Jesus said to them, “The things that are impossible with men are possible with God.”
18:28. Then Peter said, “Behold, we have left all things and have followed You.”
18:29. Jesus said to them, “Amen, I say to you, there is no man that has left home or parents or brethren or wife or children, for the Kingdom of God's sake
18:30. “who shall not receive much more in this present time, and everlasting life in the world to come.”
18:31. Then Jesus took the Twelve to Himself and said to them, “Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and all things shall be accomplished which were written by the prophets concerning the Son of man.
18:32. “For He shall be delivered to the Gentiles and shall be mocked and scourged and spit upon,
18:33. “and after they have scourged Him, they will put Him to death, and the third day He shall rise again.”
18:34. They did not understand any of these things, and this word was hidden from them, and they did not understand the things that were said.
18:35. When Jesus drew near Jericho, a certain blind man sat begging by the wayside.
18:36. When he heard the multitude passing by, he asked what this meant.
18:37. They told him that Jesus of Nazareth was passing by.
18:38. He cried out, saying, “Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me.”
18:39. They that went in front rebuked him that he should hold his peace, but he cried out much more, “Son of David, have mercy on me.”
18:40. Jesus stood and commanded him to be brought to Him. When he had come near, Jesus asked him,
18:41. “What do you want Me to do to you?” But he said, “Lord, that I may see.”
18:42. Jesus said to him, “Receive your sight; your faith has made you whole.”
18:43. Immediately he saw and followed Jesus, glorifying God, and all the people, when they saw it, gave praise to God.
Zacchaeus, make haste and come down, for this day I must abide in your house.Luke 19:5
Zacchaeus entertains Christ. The parable of the talents. Christ rides upon a donkey and weeps over Jerusalem.
19:1. Jesus entered and walked through Jericho,
19:2. and behold, there was a man named Zacchaeus, who was the chief of the publicans, and he was rich.
19:3. He sought to see who Jesus was, and he could not because of the crowd, for he was low of stature.
19:4. Running ahead, he climbed up into a sycamore tree that he might see Jesus, for He was to pass that way.
19:5. When Jesus came to the place, looking up, He saw him and said to him: “Zacchaeus, make haste and come down, for this day I must abide in your house.”
19:6. He made haste and came down and received Him with joy.
19:7. When all saw it, they murmured, saying that He was going to be a guest with a man that was a sinner.
19:8. But Zacchaeus stood and said to the Lord, “Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor, and if I have wronged any man of anything, I restore him fourfold.”
19:9. Jesus said to him, “This day salvation has come to this house, because he also is a son of Abraham.
19:10. “For the Son of man has come to seek and to save that which was lost.”
19:11. As they were hearing these things, He added and spoke a parable, because He was near Jerusalem and because they thought that the Kingdom of God should immediately be manifested.
19:12. He said therefore, “A certain nobleman went into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom and to return.
19:13. “Calling his ten servants, he gave them ten talents worth six thousand day's wages apiece and said to them, 'Trade till I come.'
19:14. “But his citizens hated him and they sent an embassage after him, saying, 'We will not have this man reign over us.'
The Parable of the Talents
19:15. “He returned, having received the kingdom, and he commanded his servants to be called, to whom he had given the money, that he might know how much every man had gained by trading.
19:16. “The first came saying, 'Lord, your talent has gained ten talents.'
19:17. “He said to him, 'Well done, good servant, because you have been faithful in a little, you shalt have power over ten cities.'
19:18. “The second came, saying, 'Lord, your talent has gained five talents.'
19:19. “He said to him, 'Be over five cities also.'
19:20. “Another came, saying, 'Lord, behold here is your talent, which I have kept laid up in a napkin.
19:21. “'For I feared you, because you are an austere man; you take up what you did not lay down, and you reap that which you did not sow.'
19:22. “He said to him, 'Out of your own mouth I judge you, you wicked servant. You knew that I was an austere man, taking up what I did not lay down and reaping that which I did not sow.
19:23. “'Why then did you not put my money into the bank, that at my coming I might have exacted it with interest?'
19:24. “He said to those that stood by, 'Take the talent away from him and give it to him that has ten talents.'
19:25. “They said to him, 'Lord, he has ten talents.'
19:26. “But he said to them, 'But I say to you that to everyone that has more shall be given, and he shall abound, and from him that has not, even that which he has shall be taken from him.
19:27. “'But as for those enemies of mine who would not have me reign over them, bring them here and kill them in my presence.'”
19:28. Having said these things, Jesus went ahead, going up to Jerusalem.
19:29. When He had come near to Bethphage and Bethany, to the mount called Olivet, He sent two of His disciples,
“Go into the town which is opposite you, and when you enter it you shall find the colt of a donkey tied there on which no man has ever sat; loose him and bring him here.Luke 19:30
19:30. saying, “Go into the town which is opposite you, and when you enter it you shall find the colt of a donkey tied there on which no man has ever sat; loose him and bring him here.
19:31. “If any man shall ask you, 'Why do you loose him?' you shall say to him, 'Because the Lord has need of his service.'”
19:32. They that were sent went their way and found the colt standing, as He said to them.
19:33. As they were loosing the colt, its owners said to them, “Why do you loose the colt?”
19:34. But they said, “Because the Lord has need of him.”
19:35. They brought him to Jesus, and placing their garments on the colt, they set Jesus on it.
19:36. As He went, they spread their clothes underneath on the way.
When He was now coming near the descent of Mount Olivet, the whole multitude of his disciples began with joy to praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works they had seen...Luke 19:37
19:37. When He was now coming near the descent of Mount Olivet, the whole multitude of his disciples began with joy to praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works they had seen,
19:38. saying: “Blessed be the King who comes in the name of the Lord! Peace in Heaven and glory on high!”
19:39. Some of the Pharisees from among the multitude said to him, “Master, rebuke Your disciples.”
19:40. Jesus said to them, “I say to you that if these shall hold their peace, the stones will cry out.”
19:41. When Jesus drew near, seeing the city, he wept over it, saying,
19:42. “If only you had known in your day the things that bring your peace; but now, they are hidden from your eyes.
19:43. “For the days shall come upon you, and your enemies shall dig a trench about you and encompass you and confine you on every side
19:44. “and beat you and your children who are in you flat to the ground. And they shall not leave in you a stone upon a stone, because you did not give notice to the time you were visited.”
19:45. Entering into the Temple, Jesus began to cast out those that sold and bought there,
19:46. saying to them, “It is written,
My house is the house of prayer. But you have made it a den of thieves.”
19:47. Jesus was teaching daily in the Temple, and the chief priests and the scribes and the rulers of the people sought to destroy Him.
19:48. They did not find what to do to Him, for all the people were very attentive to hear Him.
The parable of the husbandmen. Of paying tribute to Caesar and of the resurrection of the dead.
20:1. One day, as He was teaching the people in the Temple and preaching the gospel, the chief priests and the scribes, with the ancients, met together
“Tell us, by what authority do You these things? Or, who is he that has given You this authority?Luke 20:2
20:2. and spoke to Him, saying, “Tell us, by what authority do You these things? Or, who is he that has given You this authority?”
20:3. Jesus said to them, “I will also ask you one thing. Answer me:
20:4. “The baptism of John, was it from Heaven, or of men?”
20:5. But they thought to themselves, saying, “If we shall say, 'From heaven,' He will say, 'Why then did you not believe in him?'
20:6. “But if we say, 'Of men,' the whole people will stone us. For they are persuaded that John was a prophet.”
20:7. They answered that they did not know from where it was.
20:8. Jesus said to them, “Neither do I tell you by what authority I do these things.”
20:9. He began to speak to the people this parable: “A certain man planted a vineyard and let it out to husbandmen, and he was abroad for a long time.
20:10. “At the season he sent a servant to the husbandmen, that they should give him of the fruit of the vineyard, but they beat him and sent him away empty.
20:11. “Again he sent another servant. But they beat him also and, treating him reproachfully, sent him away empty.
20:12. “Again he sent a third, and they wounded him also and cast him out.
20:13. “Then the lord of the vineyard said, 'What shall I do? I will send my beloved son. It may be that when they see him they will respect him.'
20:14. “When the husbandmen saw the son, they thought to themselves, saying, 'This is the heir. Let us kill him that the inheritance may be ours.'
20:15. “So casting him out of the vineyard, they killed him. What therefore will the lord of the vineyard do to them?
20:16. “He will come and will destroy these husbandmen and will give the vineyard to others.” They, hearing this, said to Him, “God forbid.”
“What is this then that is written, The stone, which the builders rejected, the same has become the head of the corner?
20:17. But He looking on them and said, “What is this then that is written, The stone, which the builders rejected, the same has become the head of the corner?
20:18. “Whoever shall fall upon that stone shall be bruised, and it shall grind to powder whomever it shall fall upon.”
20:19. The chief priests and the scribes sought to lay hands on Him the same hour, but they feared the people, for they knew that He spoke this parable to them.
20:20. Being upon the watch, they sent spies who should feign themselves just, that they might take hold of Him in His words and deliver Him up to the authority and power of the governor.
20:21. They asked him, “Master, we know that you speak and teach rightly, and you do not respect any person, but teach the way of God in truth.
20:22. “Is it lawful for us to give tribute to Caesar, or not?”
20:23. But Jesus, considering their guile, said to them, “Why do you test Me?
20:24. “Show me the coin of tribute. Whose image and inscription does it have?” They answered Him, “Caesar's.”
He said to them, “Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's.”Luke 20:25
20:25. He said to them, “Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's.”
20:26. They could not reprehend His word before the people, and wondering at His answer, they held their peace.
There came to Him some of the Sadducees, who deny that there is any resurrection, and they asked Him...Luke 20:27
20:27. There came to Him some of the Sadducees, who deny that there is any resurrection, and they asked Him,
20:28. “Master, Moses wrote to us that if any man's brother die, having a wife, and he leave no children, that his brother should marry and raise up descendants for his brother.
20:29. “There were seven brothers, and the first took a wife and died without children.
20:30. “The next married her, and he also died childless.
20:31. “The third married her, and in like manner, all the seven, and they left no children and died.
20:32. “Last of all the woman also died.
20:33. “In the resurrection, whose wife shall she be? For all seven married her.”
20:34. Jesus said to them, “The children of this world marry and are given in marriage,
20:35. “but they that shall be accounted worthy of that world and of the resurrection from the dead shall neither be married nor take wives.
20:36. “Neither can they die any more for they are equal to the angels and are the children of God, being the children of the resurrection.
Now that the dead rise again,...
Moses also showed at the bush, when he called the Lord...
20:37. “Now that the dead rise again, Moses also showed at the bush, when he called the Lord The God of Abraham and the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob.
20:38. “For He is not the God of the dead, but of the living, for all are alive to Him.”
20:39. Some of the scribes answered Him, “Master, you have said well.”
20:40. After that they did not dare to ask Him any more questions.
20:41. But He said to them, “How do they say that the Christ is the son of David?
20:42. “David himself says in the book of Psalms, The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand
20:43. “until I make Your enemies Your footstool.”
20:44. “David then calls Him Lord. How is He his son?”
20:45. In the hearing of all the people, He said to His disciples,
20:46. “Beware of the scribes, who desire to walk in long robes and love salutations in the marketplace and the prime chairs in the synagogues and the chief rooms at feasts,
20:47. “who devour the houses of widows, feigning long prayer. These shall receive greater damnation.”
The widow's mites. The signs that should precede the destruction of Jerusalem and the end of the world.
21:1. Looking on, Jesus saw the rich men cast their gifts into the treasury,
... He also saw a certain poor widow casting in two brass mites.
When you shall hear of wars and seditions, do not be terrified.
When you shall see Jerusalem encompassed with an army ...
Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains...
21:2. and He also saw a certain poor widow casting in two brass mites.
21:3. He said, “Truly, I say to you that this poor widow has cast in more than all of them,
21:4. “for all these have cast into the offerings of God from their abundance, but she from her poverty has cast in everything she had to live on.”
21:5. Some were saying that the Temple was adorned with large stones and gifts, so He said,
21:6. “These things which you see, the days will come in which there shall not be left a stone upon a stone that shall not be thrown down.”
21:7. They asked Him, “Master, when shall these things be? And what shall be the sign when they shall begin to come to pass?”
21:8. Jesus said, “Take heed that you are not seduced, for many will come in My name, saying, 'I am He,' and 'The time is at hand.' Do not go after them.
21:9. “When you shall hear of wars and seditions, do not be terrified. These things must first come to pass, but the end is not yet presently.”
21:10. Then He said to them, “Nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom.
21:11. “And there shall be great earthquakes in various places and pestilences and famines and terrors from heaven, and there shall be great signs.
21:12. “But before all these things, they will lay their hands on you and persecute you, delivering you up to the synagogues and into prisons, dragging you before kings and governors for My name's sake.
21:13. “It shall happen to you for a testimony.
21:14. “Remember in your hearts not to meditate beforehand how you shall answer,
21:15. “for I will give you a mouth and wisdom, which all your adversaries shall not be able to resist and deny.
21:16. “You shall be betrayed by your parents and brethren and kinsmen and friends, and they will put some of you to death.
21:17. “You shall be hated by all men for My name's sake,
21:18. “but not a hair of your head shall perish.
21:19. “In your patience you shall possess your souls.
21:20. “When you shall see Jerusalem encompassed with an army, know then that its desolation is at hand.
21:21. “Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains, and those who are in the its midst depart out, and those who are in the countries not enter into it.
21:22. “For these are the days of vengeance, that all things that are written may be fulfilled.
21:23. “But woe to them that are with child and nurse in those days, for there shall be great distress in the land and wrath upon this people.
21:24. “They shall fall by the edge of the sword and shall be led away as captives into all the nations, and Jerusalem shall be trodden down by the Gentiles till the times of the nations be fulfilled.
21:25. “There shall be signs in the sun and in the moon and in the stars, and upon the earth distress of nations, by reason of the confusion of the roaring of the sea, and of the waves,
21:26. “and men withering away for fear and expectation of what shall come upon the whole world. For the powers of heaven shall be moved.
21:27. “Then they shall see the Son of man coming in a cloud, with great power and majesty.
21:28. “But when these things begin to come to pass, look up and lift up your heads, because your redemption is at hand.”
21:29. He spoke to them an allegory. “See the fig tree and all the trees:
21:30. “when they begin to shoot forth their fruit, you know that summer is near;
21:31. “so also, when you shall see these things come to pass, know that the Kingdom of God is at hand.
21:32. “Amen, I say to you, this generation shall not pass away until all things be fulfilled.
21:33. “Heaven and earth shall pass away, but My words shall not pass away.
21:34. “Take heed to yourselves, lest perhaps your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting and drunkenness and the cares of this life, and that day come upon you suddenly.
21:35. “For it shall come upon all that sit upon the face of the whole earth like a snare.
21:36. “Watch, therefore, praying at all times, that you may be accounted worthy to escape all these things that are to come and to stand before the Son of man.”
...but then He went out and abode on the mount that is called Olivet.Luke 21:37
21:37. In the daytime, Jesus was teaching in the Temple, but then He went out and abode on the mount that is called Olivet.
21:38. All the people came to Him early in the morning to hear Him in the Temple.
The treason of Judas. The Last Supper. The first part of the history of the Passion.
22:1. Now the feast of unleavened bread, which is called the pasch, was at hand.
The chief priests and the scribes sought how they might put Jesus to death, but they feared the people.
He went and discoursed with the chief priests and the magistrates about how he might betray Him to them.
...there shall meet you a man carrying a pitcher of water; follow him into the house where he enters in.
Having taken the chalice, He gave thanks and said, “Take and divide it among you.
22:2. The chief priests and the scribes sought how they might put Jesus to death, but they feared the people.
22:3. Satan entered into Judas, who was surnamed Iscariot, one of the Twelve.
22:4. He went and discoursed with the chief priests and the magistrates about how he might betray Him to them.
22:5. They were glad and covenanted to give him money.
22:6. He promised, and he sought opportunity to betray Him in the absence of the multitude.
22:7. The day of the unleavened bread came, on which it was necessary that the pasch should be killed.
22:8. He sent Peter and John, saying, “Go, and prepare for us the pasch, that we may eat.”
22:9. But they said, “Where do you want us to prepare?”
22:10. He said to them, “Behold, as you go into the city, there shall meet you a man carrying a pitcher of water; follow him into the house where he enters in.
22:11. “You shall say to the head of the house, 'The Master says to you, “Where is the guest chamber, where I may eat the pasch with My disciples?”'
22:12. “He will show you a large furnished dining room, and prepare there.”
22:13. They went and found as He had said to them and prepared the pasch.
22:14. When the hour came, He sat down, and the Twelve Apostles with Him.
22:15. He said to them, “With desire I have desired to eat this pasch with you, before I suffer.
22:16. “For I say to you that from this time I will not eat it until it be fulfilled in the Kingdom of God.”
22:17. Having taken the chalice, He gave thanks and said, “Take and divide it among you.
22:18. “For I say to you that I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the Kingdom of God come.”
22:19. Taking bread, He gave thanks and broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is My Body, which is given for you. Do this for a commemoration of Me.”
Do this for a commemoration of Me. . .This sacrifice and sacrament is to be continued in the church, to the end of the world, to show forth the death of Christ, until He comes. But this commemoration, or remembrance, is by no means inconsistent with the Real Presence of His Body and Blood, under these sacramental veils, which represent His death; on the contrary, it is the manner that He Himself hath commanded, of commemorating and celebrating His death, by offering in sacrifice, and receiving in the sacrament, that Body and Blood by which we were redeemed.
This is the chalice, the new testament in My blood, which shall be shed for you.
“But yet behold, the hand of him that betrays Me is with Me on the table.
|22:20. In like manner, the chalice also, after He had supped, saying, “This is the chalice, the new testament in My Blood, which shall be shed for you.
22:21. “But yet behold, the hand of him that betrays Me is with Me on the table.
22:22. “The Son of man indeed goes, according to that which is determined, but yet, woe to that man by whom He shall be betrayed.”
22:23. They began to inquire among themselves which of them it was that should do this thing.
22:24. There was also a strife among them about which of them should seem to be the greatest.
22:25. He said to them, “The kings of the Gentiles lord it over them, and they that have power over them are called “Benefactors.”
Benefactors...The title “Benefactor” was given to various Gentile rulers in Biblical times, such as Ptolemy Euergetes.
22:26. “But not so with you; he that is the greater among you, let him become as the younger, and he that is the leader, as he that serves.
22:27. “For which is greater, he that sits at table or he that serves? Is not he that sits at table? But I am in the midst of you, as he that serves.
22:28. “You are the ones who have continued with Me in My trials,
22:29. “and I bestow a kingdom to you, as My Father has bestowed to me,
22:30. “that you may eat and drink at My table in My kingdom and may sit upon thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.”
22:31. The Lord said, “Simon, Simon, behold Satan has desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat.
22:32. “But I have prayed for you that your faith does not fail, and once you are converted, strengthen your brethren.”
Peter said to Him, “Lord, I am ready to go with You, both into prison and to death.”
"... the cock shall not crow this day..."
22:33. Peter said to Him, “Lord, I am ready to go with You, both into prison and to death.”
22:34. Jesus said, “I say to you, Peter, the cock shall not crow this day until you thrice deny that you know Me.” Jesus said to them,
22:35. “When I sent you without purse and travel bag and shoes, did you lack anything?”
22:36. But they said, “Nothing.” Then Jesus said to them, “But now let he that has a purse take it, and likewise a travel bag, and let he that does not have a sword sell his coat and buy one.
22:37. “For I say to you that what is written must yet be fulfilled in Me: And with the wicked was He reckoned. For the things concerning Me have an end.”
22:38. But they said, “Lord, behold, here are two swords. “He said to them, “It is enough.”
22:39. Going out, He went to the Mount of Olives, according to His custom, and His disciples also followed Him.
22:40. When He had come to the place, He said to them, “Pray, lest you enter into temptation.”
22:41. He was withdrawn away from them the distance of a stone's throw, and kneeling down, He prayed,
22:42. “Father, if You will, remove this chalice from Me; but yet not My will, but Yours be done.”
There appeared to Him an angel from heaven to strengthen Him. Being in an agony, He prayed the longer.
As He was yet speaking, a multitude came, and he that was called Judas, one of the Twelve, went before them and drew near to Jesus to kiss Him.
Jesus said to Him, “Judas, do you betray the Son of man with a kiss?”
One of them struck the servant of the high priest and cut off his right ear.
22:43. There appeared to Him an angel from heaven to strengthen Him. Being in an agony, He prayed the longer.
22:44. His sweat became as drops of blood trickling down upon the ground.
22:45. When He rose up from prayer and came to the disciples, He found them sleeping from sorrow.
22:46. He said to them, “Why do you sleep? Arise, pray, lest you enter into temptation.”
22:47. As He was yet speaking, a multitude came, and he that was called Judas, one of the Twelve, went before them and drew near to Jesus to kiss Him.
22:48. Jesus said to Him, “Judas, do you betray the Son of man with a kiss?”
22:49. They that were around Jesus, seeing what would follow, said to Him, “Lord, shall we strike with the sword?”
22:50. One of them struck the servant of the high priest and cut off his right ear.
But Jesus said, “You may do no further,” and when He had touched the servant's ear, He healed him.
But he denied Him, saying, “Woman, I do not know Him.”
But he denied Him, saying, “Woman, I do not know Him.”
|22:51. But Jesus said, “You may do no further,” and when He had touched the servant's ear, He healed him.
22:52. Jesus said to the chief priests and magistrates of the Temple and the ancients, that had come to Him, “Have you come out with swords and clubs as though against a thief?
22:53. “When I was daily with you in the Temple, you did not stretch forth your hands against Me, but this is your hour and the power of darkness.”
22:54. Apprehending Him, they led Him to the high priest's house. But Peter followed afar off.
22:55. When they had kindled a fire in the midst of the hall and were sitting around it, Peter was in the midst of them.
22:56. When a certain servant maid had seen him sitting in the light and had earnestly beheld him, she said, “This man was also with Him.”
22:57. But he denied Him, saying, “Woman, I do not know Him.”
22:58. After a little while, another saw him and said, “You also are one of them.” But Peter said, “O man, I am not.”
Another, etc. . .Observe here, in order to reconcile the four Evangelists, that various persons concurred in charging Peter with being Christ's disciple; till at length they brought him to deny him thrice. 1. The porteress that let him in, and afterwards seeing him at the fire, first put the question to him; and then positively affirmed that he was with Christ. 2. Another maid accused him to the standers by; and gave occasion to the man here mentioned to renew the charge against him, which caused the second denial. 3. Others of the company took notice of his being a Galilean; and were seconded by the kinsman of Malchus, who affirmed he had seen him in the garden. And this drew on the third denial.
22:59. After a space, as it were of one hour, another certain man affirmed, saying, “Truly, this man was also with Him, for he is also a Galilean.”
Peter said, “Man, I do not know what you are saying.”
Immediately, as he was yet speaking, the cock crowed.
22:60. Peter said, “Man, I do not know what you are saying.” Immediately, as he was yet speaking, the cock crowed.
22:61. The Lord turned and looked on Peter, and Peter remembered the word of the Lord, as He had said, “Before the cock crow, you shall deny thrice.”
22:62. Peter went out and wept bitterly.
22:63. The men that held Jesus mocked Him and struck Him,
22:64. and they blindfolded Him and smote His face. They said to Him, “Prophesy: who is it that struck you?”
22:65. and blaspheming, they said many other things against Him.
As soon as it was day, the ancients of the people and the chief priests and scribes came together, and they brought Him into their council saying, “If You are the Christ, tell us.”
"... the Son of man shall be sitting at the right hand of the power of God."
22:66. As soon as it was day, the ancients of the people and the chief priests and scribes came together, and they brought Him into their council saying, “If You are the Christ, tell us.”
22:67. He said to them, “If I shall tell you, you will not believe Me.
22:68. “If I shall also ask you, you will not answer Me, nor let Me go.
22:69. “But from now on the Son of man shall be sitting at the right hand of the power of God.”
22:70. Then they all said, “Are you then the Son of God?” Jesus said, “You say that I am.”
22:71. They said, “What further testimony do we need? For we ourselves have heard it from His own mouth.”
The continuation of the history of the Passion.
The whole multitude of them rose up and led Him to Pilate.Luke 23:1
23:1. The whole multitude of them rose up and led Him to Pilate.
23:2. They began to accuse Him, saying, “We have found this man perverting our nation and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar and saying that He is Christ the King.”
Pilate asked Him, “Are You the King of the Jews?” But He answered, “You have said it.”Luke 23:3
23:3. Pilate asked Him, “Are You the King of the Jews?” But He answered, “You have said it.”
23:4. Pilate said to the chief priests and to the multitudes, “I find no cause in this man.”
23:5. But they were more earnest, saying, “He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Judea, beginning from Galilee to this place.”
23:6. But Pilate hearing Galilee, asked if the man were of Galilee.
23:7. When he understood that Jesus was of Herod's jurisdiction, he sent Him away to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem in those days.
23:8. Herod saw Jesus and was very glad, for he had desired to see Him for a long time because he had heard many things about Him, and he hoped to see some sign wrought by Him.
23:9. Herod questioned Jesus about many things, but He did not answer him anything.
23:10. Meanwhile, the chief priests and the scribes stood by, earnestly accusing Him.
Then Herod with his army scorned Jesus
and mocked Him, putting a white garment on Him...Luke 23:11
23:11. Then Herod with his army scorned Jesus and mocked Him, putting a white garment on Him and sending Him back to Pilate.
23:12. Herod and Pilate became friends that same day, for beforehand they were enemies of each other.
Christ before Pontius Pilate
23:13. Pilate, calling together the chief priests and the magistrates and the people,
23:14. said to them, “You have presented this man to me as one that perverts the people, and behold, I, having examined Him before you, find no cause in this man regarding those things in which you accuse Him.
23:15. “No, nor Herod either. For I sent you to Herod, and behold, nothing worthy of death was done by this man.
23:16. “I will chastise Him therefore and release Him.”
23:17. Now Pilate was expected to release a prisoner on the feast day,
23:18. but the whole multitude cried out together, saying, “Away with this man, and release Barabbas to us.”
Barabbas had been cast into prison for a certain sedition made in the city and for a murder.Luke 23:19
23:19. Barabbas had been cast into prison for a certain sedition made in the city and for a murder.
23:20. Pilate again spoke to them, desiring to release Jesus,
...but they cried again, “Crucify Him, crucify Him.”Luke 23:21
23:21. but they cried again, “Crucify Him, crucify Him.”
I will chastise Him therefore and let Him go.”Luke 23:22
I will chastise Him therefore and let Him go.”Luke 23:22
23:22. He said to them the third time, “Why, what evil has this man done? I do not find any cause deserving death in Him. I will chastise Him therefore and let Him go.”
23:23. But they were insistent with loud voices, requiring that He might be crucified, and their voices prevailed.
Pilate gave the sentence that it should be as they required.
He released to them the man whom they had desired, who had been cast into prison for murder and sedition, but he delivered Jesus up to their will.
23:24. Pilate gave the sentence that it should be as they required.
23:25. He released to them the man whom they had desired, who had been cast into prison for murder and sedition, but he delivered Jesus up to their will.
they laid hold of one Simon of Cyrene who was coming from the country, and they laid the cross on him to carry after Jesus.
but Jesus turned to them and said, “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep over Me, but weep for yourselves and for your children.
23:26. As they led Jesus away, they laid hold of one Simon of Cyrene who was coming from the country, and they laid the cross on him to carry after Jesus.
23:27. Jesus was followed by a great multitude of people and of women who bewailed and lamented Him,
23:28. but Jesus turned to them and said, “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep over Me, but weep for yourselves and for your children.
23:29. “For behold, the days shall come in which they will say, 'Blessed are the barren and the wombs that have not borne and those who have not nursed.'
23:30. “Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, 'Fall upon us,' and to the hills, 'Cover us.'
23:31. “For if in the green wood they do these things, what shall be done in the dry?”
23:32. There were also two other malefactors led with Him to be put to death.
23:33. When they had come to the place which is called Calvary, they crucified Him there with the robbers, one on the right hand and the other on the left.
23:34. Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they do.” But dividing his garments, they cast lots.
23:35. The people stood watching, and the rulers with them derided Jesus, saying, “He saved others; let Him save Himself, if he is the Christ, the Chosen One of God.”
23:36. The soldiers also mocked Him, coming to Him and offering Him vinegar
23:37. and saying, “If you are the king of the Jews, save yourself.”
There was also an inscription written over Him in Greek, Latin, and Hebrew which said, “THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.”Luke 23:38
23:38. There was also an inscription written over Him in Greek, Latin, and Hebrew which said, “THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.”
Jesus said to him, “Amen I say to you, this day you shall be with Me in paradise.”
23:39. One of the robbers who was hung there blasphemed Him, saying, “If you are Christ, save yourself and us.”
23:40. But the other rebuked him, saying, “Do you not fear God, seeing that you are also under the same condemnation?
23:41. “We indeed have been condemned justly, for we are receiving the due reward of our deeds. But this man has done no evil.”
23:42. He said to Jesus, “Lord, remember me when You shall come into Your kingdom.”
23:43. Jesus said to him, “Amen I say to you, this day you shall be with Me in paradise.”
In paradise. . .That is, in the happy state of rest, joy, and peace everlasting. Christ was pleased, by a special privilege, to reward the faith and confession of the penitent thief, with a full discharge of all his sins, both as to the guilt and punishment; and to introduce him immediately after death into the happy society of the saints, whose limbo, that is, the place of their confinement, was now made a paradise by our Lord's going there.
23:44. It was almost the sixth hour after dawn, and there was darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour after dawn.
"The sun was darkened..."
23:45. The sun was darkened and the veil of the Temple was rent in the middle.
cried with a loud voice, “Father, into Your hands I commend My spirit,” and saying this, He gave up the spirit.Luke 23:46
cried with a loud voice, “Father, into Your hands I commend My spirit,” and saying this, He gave up the spirit.Luke 23:46
23:46. Jesus cried with a loud voice, “Father, into Your hands I commend My spirit,” and saying this, He gave up the spirit.
taken down from the Cross
Now the centurion, seeing what was done, glorified God, saying, “Indeed this was a just man.”Luke 23:47
Now the centurion, seeing what was done, glorified God, saying, “Indeed this was a just man.”Luke 23:47
23:47. Now the centurion, seeing what was done, glorified God, saying, “Indeed this was a just man.”
All the multitude of those who had come together to that sight and saw the things that were done returned striking their breasts.Luke 23:48
23:48. All the multitude of those who had come together to that sight and saw the things that were done returned striking their breasts.
All His acquaintance and the women that had followed Him from Galilee stood afar off, beholding these things.Luke 23:49
All His acquaintance and the women that had followed Him from Galilee stood afar off, beholding these things.Luke 23:49
23:49. All His acquaintance and the women that had followed Him from Galilee stood afar off, beholding these things.
There was a man named Joseph who was a councilor, a good and a just manLuke 23:50
There was a man named Joseph who was a councilor, a good and a just manLuke 23:50
23:50. There was a man named Joseph who was a councilor, a good and a just man
23:51. (the same had not consented to their counsel and doings) of Arimathea, a city of Judea, who also sought the Kingdom of God.
23:52. This man went to Pilate and begged for the body of Jesus.
Joseph wrapped Him in fine linen
and laid Him in a sepulchre that was hewn in stone in which no man had ever been laid.
23:53. Taking Jesus down, Joseph wrapped Him in fine linen and laid Him in a sepulchre that was hewn in stone in which no man had ever been laid.
23:54. It was the day of the Parasceve, and the Sabbath drew on.
Parasceve. . .That is, the eve, or day of preparation for the sabbath.
The women that had come with Jesus
from Galilee followed behind and saw the sepulchre and how His body was laid.Luke 23:55
23:55. The women that had come with Jesus from Galilee followed behind and saw the sepulchre and how His body was laid.
23:56. They returned and prepared spices and ointments, and on the Sabbath day they rested, according to the commandment.
They found the stone rolled back from the sepulchre...
But Peter rose up and ran to the sepulchre...
Christ's resurrection and manifestation of himself to his disciples.
24:1. On the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came to the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared.
24:2. They found the stone rolled back from the sepulchre,
24:3. and going in, they did not find the body of the Lord Jesus.
It came to pass, as they were astonished in their minds at this, behold, two men in shining apparel stood by them.Luke 24:4
24:4. It came to pass, as they were astonished in their minds at this, behold, two men in shining apparel stood by them.
24:5. As they were afraid and bowed down their faces towards the ground, the two said to them, “Why do you seek the living among the dead?
24:6. “He is not here, but is risen. Remember how He spoke to you when He was still in Galilee,
Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men and be crucified and the third day rise again.Luke 24:7
24:7. “saying, 'The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men and be crucified and the third day rise again.'”
24:8. They remembered His words,
...and going back from the sepulchre, they told all these things to the Eleven and to all the rest.Luke 24:9
24:9. and going back from the sepulchre, they told all these things to the Eleven and to all the rest.
24:10. It was Mary Magdalene and Joanna and Mary of James and the other women that were with them who told these things to the Apostles.
24:11. These words seemed like idle tales to them, and they did not believe them.
24:12. But Peter rose up and ran to the sepulchre and, stooping down, he saw the linen cloths laid by themselves, and he went away wondering to himself about what had come to pass.
...our chief priests and princes delivered Him to be condemned to death...
they had all seen a vision of angels, who say that He is alive.
Peter ... saw the linen cloths laid by themselves...
Beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, He expounded to them all the things in the Scriptures that concerned Him.
The Lord has risen indeed and has appeared to Simon.
Now, while they were speaking these things, Jesus stood in the midst of them and said to them, “Peace be to you. It is I; do not fear.”
It came to pass, while He blessed them, He departed from them and was carried up to Heaven.
24:13. The same day two of them went to a town named Emmaus, which was about seven miles from Jerusalem.
24:14. They talked together about all these things which had happened.
24:15. It came to pass that while they talked and reasoned among themselves, Jesus Himself also drew near and went with them.
24:16. But their eyes were restrained so that they would not recognize Him.
24:17. He said to them, “What are these discourses that you hold with one another as you walk and are sad?”
24:18. One of them, whose name was Cleophas, answered Him, “Are you only a stranger in Jerusalem who has not known the things that have been done there in these past days?”
24:19. He said to him, “What things?” They said: “Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, who was a prophet, mighty in work and word before God and all the people.
24:20. “And how our chief priests and princes delivered Him to be condemned to death and crucified Him.
24:21. “But we hoped that it was He that should have redeemed Israel. And now besides all this, today is the third day since these things were done.
24:22. “Yes, and certain women also of our company frighted us who, before it was light, were at the sepulchre,
24:23. “and not finding His body, came, saying that they had all seen a vision of angels, who say that He is alive.
24:24. “Some of our people went to the sepulchre and found it as the women had said, but they did not find Him.”
24:25. Then He said to them, “O foolish and slow of heart to believe in all the things which the prophets have spoken.
24:26. “Did not the Christ have to suffer these things to enter into His glory?”
24:27. Beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, He expounded to them all the things in the Scriptures that concerned Him.
24:28. They drew near to the town where they were going, and He acted as though he would go farther.
24:29. But they constrained Him, saying, “Stay with us, because it is towards evening and the day is now far spent,” and He went in with them.
24:30. It came to pass, while He was at table with them, He took bread, blessed it, broke it, and gave it to them.
24:31. Their eyes were opened, and they recognized Him, but He vanished out of their sight.
24:32. They said to one another, “Were not our hearts burning within us while He spoke on the way and opened the Scriptures to us?”
24:33. Rising up the same hour, they went back to Jerusalem and they found the Eleven those that were with them gathered together,
24:34. saying, “The Lord has risen indeed and has appeared to Simon.”
24:35. They told what things were done on the way, and how they knew Him in the breaking of bread.
24:36. Now, while they were speaking these things, Jesus stood in the midst of them and said to them, “Peace be to you. It is I; do not fear.”
24:37. But they being troubled and frightened, supposed that they saw a spirit.
24:38. He said to them, “Why are you troubled, and why do thoughts arise in your hearts?
24:39. “See My hands and feet, that it is I Myself. Touch and see, for a spirit does not have flesh and bones as you see I have.”
24:40. When He had said this, He showed them His hands and feet.
24:41. But while they did not yet believe but wondered for joy, He said, “Do you have anything here to eat?”
24:42. They offered Him a piece of a broiled fish and a honeycomb.
“And that penance and remission of sins should be preached...”
24:43. When He had eaten before them, He took and gave the remains to them.
24:44. He said to them, “These are the words which I spoke to you while I was yet with you, that all things concerning Me which are written in the law of Moses, in the Prophets, and in the Psalms must be fulfilled.”
24:45. Then He opened their understanding that they might understand the Scriptures.
24:46. He said to them, “Thus it is written, and thus it behooved the Christ to suffer and to rise again from the dead on the third day,
24:47. “and that penance and remission of sins should be preached in His name, to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
24:48. “You are witnesses of these things.
24:49. “I send the promise of My Father upon you, but stay in the city until you are endued with power from on High.”
The promise of My Father. . .that is, the Holy Spirit, whom Christ had promised that his Father and he would send, John 14:26 and 17:7.
24:50. He led them out as far as Bethany, and lifting up His hands, He blessed them.
24:51. It came to pass, while He blessed them, He departed from them and was carried up to Heaven.
24:52. They adored and went back into Jerusalem with great joy,
24:53. and they were always in the Temple, praising and blessing God. Amen.
---excerpt from the Illustrated Bible Dictionary
See also:Saint Luke
Saint Luke - The evangelist, was a Gentile. The date and circumstances of his conversion are unknown. According to his own statement (Luke 1:2), he was not an "eye-witness and minister of the word from the beginning." It is probable that he was a physician in Troas, and was there converted by Paul, to whom he attached himself. He accompanied him to Philippi, but did not there share his imprisonment, nor did he accompany him further after his release in his missionary journey at this time (Acts 17:1). On Paul's third visit to Philippi (Acts 20:5, Acts 20:6) we again meet with Luke, who probably had spent all the intervening time in that city, a period of seven or eight years. From this time Luke was Paul's constant companion during his journey to Jerusalem (Acts 20:6-21:18). He again disappears from view during Paul's imprisonment at Jerusalem and Caesarea, and only reappears when Paul sets out for Rome (Acts 27:1), whither he accompanies him (Acts 28:2, Acts 28:12), and where he remains with him till the close of his first imprisonment (Philemon 1:24; Colossians 4:14). The last notice of the "beloved physician" is in 2 Timothy 4:11. There are many passages in Paul's epistles, as well as in the writings of Luke, which show the extent and accuracy of his medical knowledge.
Gospel According to Luke - Was written by Luke. He does not claim to have been an eye-witness of our Lord's ministry, but to have gone to the best sources of information within his reach, and to have written an orderly narrative of the facts (Luke 1:1). The authors of the first three Gospels, the synoptics, wrote independently of each other. Each wrote his independent narrative under the guidance of the Holy Spirit. Each writer has some things, both in matter and style, peculiar to himself, yet all the three have much in common. Luke's Gospel has been called "the Gospel of the nations, full of mercy and hope, assured to the world by the love of a suffering Savior;" "the Gospel of the saintly life;" "the Gospel for the Greeks; the Gospel of the future; the Gospel of progressive Christianity, of the universality and gratuitousness of the Gospel; the historic Gospel; the Gospel of Jesus as the good Physician and the Savior of mankind;" the "Gospel of the Fatherhood of God and the brotherhood of man;" "the Gospel of womanhood;" "the Gospel of the outcast, of the Samaritan, the publican, the harlot, and the prodigal;" "the Gospel of tolerance." The main characteristic of this Gospel, as Farrar (Cambridge Bible, Luke, Introd.) remarks, is fitfully expressed in the motto, "Who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil" (Acts 10:38; compare Luke 4:18). Luke wrote for the "Hellenic world." This Gospel is indeed "rich and precious." "Out of a total of 1151 verses, Luke has 389 in common with Matthew and Mark, 176 in common with Matthew alone, 41 in common with Mark alone, leaving 544 peculiar to himself. In many instances all three use identical language." (See MATTHEW; MARK; GOSPEL.) There are seventeen of our Lord's parables peculiar to this Gospel. (See Table Parables in the Gospels.) Luke also records seven of our Lord's miracles which are omitted by Matthew and Mark. (See Table Miracles Recorded in the Gospels.) The synoptical Gospels are related to each other after the following scheme. If the contents of each Gospel be represented by 100, then when compared this result is obtained in the following table: Synoptic Gospels Peculiarities Coincidences Total Mark 07 93 100 Matthew 42 58 100 Luke 59 41 100 That is, thirteen-fourteenths of Mark, four-sevenths of Matthew, and two-fifths of Luke are taken up in describing the same things in very similar language. Luke's style is more finished and classical than that of Matthew and Mark. There is less in it of the Hebrew idiom. He uses a few Latin words (Luke 12:6; Luke 7:41; Luke 8:30; Luke 11:33; Luke 19:20), but no Syriac or Hebrew words except sikera , an exciting drink of the nature of wine, but not made of grapes (from Heb. shakar , "he is intoxicated", Leviticus 10:9), probably palm wine. This Gospel contains twenty-eight distinct references to the Old Testament. The date of its composition is uncertain. It must have been written before the Acts, the date of the composition of which is generally fixed at about 63 or 64 A.D.. This Gospel was written, therefore, probably about 60 or 63 A.D., when Luke may have been at Caesarea in attendance on Paul, who was then a prisoner. Others have conjectured that it was written at Rome during Paul's imprisonment there. But on this point no positive certainty can be attained. It is commonly supposed that Luke wrote under the direction, if not at the dictation of Paul. Many words and phrases are common to both; see table: Compare With Luke 4:22 Colossians 4:6 Luke 4:32 1 Corinthians 2:4 Luke 6:36 2 Corinthians 1:3 Luke 6:39 Romans 2:19 Luke 9:56 2 Corinthians 10:8 Luke 10:8 1 Corinthians 10:27 Luke 11:41 Titus 1:15 Luke 18:1 2 Thessalonians 1:11 Luke 21:36 Ephesians 6:18 Luke 22:19, Luke 22:20 1 Corinthians 11:23 Luke 24:46 Acts 17:3 Luke 24:34 1 Corinthians 15:5