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Greece achieved independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1829 A.D.. During the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, it gradually added neighboring islands and territories, most with Greek-speaking populations. In World War II, Greece was first invaded by Italy (1940 A.D.) and subsequently occupied by Germany (1941 A.D.-44); fighting endured in a protracted civil war between supporters of the king and Communist rebels. Following the latter's defeat in 1949 A.D., Greece joined NATO in 1952 A.D.. A military dictatorship, which in 1967 A.D. suspended many political liberties and forced the king to flee the country, lasted seven years. The 1974 democratic elections and a referendum created a parliamentary republic and abolished the monarchy. In 1981 A.D. Greece joined the EC (now the EU); it became the 12th member of the euro zone in 2001. The official language is Greek.

Greece, n. pl.

Defn: See Gree a step. [Obs.]

---excerpt from the Illustrated Bible Dictionary

Greece - Originally consisted of the four provinces of Macedonia, Epirus, Achaia, and Peleponnesus. In Acts 20:2 it designates only the Roman province of Macedonia. Greece was conquered by the Romans 146 B.C.. After passing through various changes it was erected into an independent monarchy in 1831. Moses makes mention of Greece under the name of Javan (Genesis 10:2); and this name does not again occur in the Old Testament till the time of Joel (Joel 3:6). Then the Greeks and Hebrews first came into contact in the Tyrian slave-market. Prophetic notice is taken of Greece in Daniel 8:21. The cities of Greece were the special scenes of the labors of the apostle Paul.

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