From The Work of God's Children
THE CATHOLIC EPISTLE OF ST. JAMES THE APOSTLE
This Epistle is called Catholic or Universal, as formerly were also the two Epistles of St. Peter, the first of St. John and that of St. Jude, because they were not written to any peculiar people or particular person, but to the faithful in general. It was written by the apostle St. James, called the Less, who was also called the "brother" of our Lord, being Jesus' kinsman (for "cousins" in Hebrew were called "brothers"). He was the first Bishop of Jerusalem. In this Epistle are set forth many precepts appertaining to faith and morals; particularly, that faith without good works will not save a man and that true wisdom is given only from above. In the fifth chapter he publishes the sacrament of anointing the sick. It was written a short time before his martyrdom, about twenty-eight years after our Lord's Ascension.
James Chapter 1
The benefit of tribulations. Prayer with faith. God is the author of all good, but not of evil. We must be slow to anger and not hearers only, but doers of the word. Of bridling the tongue and of pure religion.
1:2. My brethren, count it all joy, when you shall fall into diverse temptations:
Into diverse temptations. . .The word temptations, in this epistle, is sometimes taken for trials by afflictions or persecutions, as in this place: at other times, it is to be understood, tempting, enticing, or drawing others into sin.
1:3. Knowing that the trying of your faith works patience
1:4. and patience has a perfect work: that you may be perfect and entire, failing in nothing.
1:5. But if any of you want wisdom, let him ask of God who gives to all men abundantly and does not upbraid. And it shall be given him.
1:6. But let him ask in faith, nothing wavering. For he that wavers is like a wave of the sea, which is moved and carried about by the wind.
1:7. Therefore let not that man think that he shall receive any thing of the Lord.
1:8. A double minded man is inconstant in all his ways.
1:9. But let the brother of low condition glory in his exaltation:
1:10. And the rich, in his being low: because as the flower of the grass shall he pass away.
1:11. For the sun rose with a burning heat and parched the grass: and the flower thereof fell off, and the beauty of the shape thereof perished. So also shall the rich man fade away in his ways.
1:12. Blessed is the man that endures temptation: for, when he has been proved, he shall receive the crown of life which God has promised to those who love Him.
1:13. Let no man, when he is tempted, say that he is tempted by God. For God is not a tempter of evils: and he tempts no man.
1:14. But every man is tempted by his own concupiscence, being drawn away and allured.
1:15. Then, when concupiscence has conceived, it brings forth sin. But sin, when it is completed, begets death.
1:16. Do not err, therefore, my dearest brethren.
1:17. Every best gift and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of lights, with whom there is no change nor shadow of alteration.
1:18. For of His own will has He begotten us by the word of truth, that we might be some beginning of His creature.
Some beginning. . .That is, a kind of first fruits of his creatures.
1:19. You know, my dearest brethren. And let every man be swift to hear, but slow to speak and slow to anger.
1:20. For the anger of man does not work the justice of God.
1:21. Wherefore, casting away all uncleanness and abundance of naughtiness, with meekness receive the ingrafted word, which is able to save your souls.
1:22. But be ye doers of the word and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves.
1:23. For if a man be a hearer of the word and not a doer, he shall be compared to a man beholding his own countenance in a mirror.
1:24. For he beheld himself and went his way and presently forgot what manner of man he was.
1:25. But he that has looked into the perfect law of liberty and has continued therein, not becoming a forgetful hearer but a doer of the work: this man shall be blessed in his deed.
1:26. And if any man think himself to be religious, not bridling his tongue but deceiving his own heart, this man's religion is vain.
1:27. Religion clean and undefiled before God and the Father is this: to visit the fatherless and widows in their tribulation and to keep one's self unspotted from this world.
James Chapter 2
Against respect of persons. The danger of transgressing one point of the law. Faith is dead without works.
2:1. My brethren, have not the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ of glory, with respect of persons.
With respect of persons. . .The meaning is, that in matters relating to faith, the administering of the sacraments, and other spiritual functions in God's church, there should be no respect of persons; but that the souls of the poor should be as much regarded as those of the rich. See Deuteronomy 1:17.
2:2. For if there shall come into your assembly a man having a golden ring, in fine apparel; and there shall come in also a poor man in mean attire:
2:3. And you have respect to him that is clothed with the fine apparel and shall say to him, "Sit well here," but say to the poor man, "Stand there," or, "Sit under my footstool,"
2:4. Do you not judge within yourselves, and are become judges of unjust thoughts?
2:5. Hearken, my dearest brethren; has not God chosen the poor in this world, rich in faith and heirs of the kingdom which God has promised to those who love Him?
2:6. But you have dishonored the poor man. Do the rich not oppress you by might? And do they not draw you before the judgment seats?
2:7. Do they not blaspheme the good name that is invoked upon you?
2:8. If then you fulfill the royal law, according to the scriptures, "You shall love your neighbor as yourself," you do well.
2:9. But if you have respect to persons, you commit sin, being reproved by the law as transgressors.
2:10. And whoever shall keep the whole law, but offend in one point, has become guilty of all.
Guilty of all;. . .That is, he becomes a transgressor of the law in such a manner, that the observing of all other points will not avail him to salvation; for he despises the lawgiver, and breaks through the great and general commandment of charity, even by one mortal sin. For all the precepts of the law are to be considered as one total and entire law, and as it were a chain of precepts, where, by breaking one link of this chain, the whole chain is broken, or the integrity of the law consisting of a collection of precepts. A sinner, therefore, by a grievous offence against any one precept, incurs eternal punishment; yet the punishment in hell shall be greater for those who have been greater sinners, as a greater reward shall be for those in heaven who have lived with greater sanctity and perfection.
2:11. For he that said, "You shall not commit adultery," also said, "You shall not kill." Now if you do not commit adultery, but shall kill, you have become a transgressor of the law.
2:12. So speak ye and so do, as being to be judged by the law of liberty.
2:13. For judgment without mercy to him that has not done mercy. And mercy exalts itself above judgment.
2:14. What shall it profit, my brethren, if a man says he has faith, but does not have works? Shall faith be able to save him?
2:15. And if a brother or sister be naked and want daily food:
2:16. And one of you say to them, "Go in peace, be warmed and filled," yet do not give them those things that are necessary for the body, what shall it profit?
2:17. So faith also, if it have not works, is dead in itself.
2:18. But some man will say, "You have faith, and I have works." Show me your faith without works, and I will show you, by works, my faith.
2:19. You believe that there is one God. You do well; the devils also believe and tremble.
2:20. But will you know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead?
2:21. Was not Abraham our father justified by works, offering up Isaac his son upon the altar?
2:22. Do you see that faith cooperated with his works and by works faith was made perfect?
2:23. And the scripture was fulfilled, saying, "Abraham believed God, and it was reputed to him to justice, and he was called the friend of God."
2:24. Do you see that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only?
2:25. And in like manner also Rahab the harlot, was she not justified by works, receiving the messengers and sending them out another way?
2:26. For even as the body without the spirit is dead: so also faith without works is dead.
James Chapter 3
Of the evils of the tongue. Of the difference between the earthly and heavenly wisdom.
3:1. Do not be many masters, my brethren, knowing that you receive the greater judgment.
3:2. For in many things we all offend. If any man offend not in word, the same is a perfect man. He is able also with a bridle to lead about the whole body.
3:3. For if we put bits into the mouths of horses, that they may obey us: and we turn about their whole body.
3:4. Behold also ships, whereas they are great and are driven by strong winds, yet are they turned about with a small helm, to wherever the force of the governor wills.
3:5. Even so the tongue is indeed a little member and boasts great things. Behold how a small fire kindles a great forest.
3:6. And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity. The tongue is placed among our members, which defiles the whole body and inflames the wheel of our nativity, being set on fire by hell.
3:7. For every nature of beasts and of birds and of serpents and of the rest is tamed and hath been tamed, by the nature of man.
3:8. But the tongue no man can tame, an unquiet evil, full of deadly poison.
3:10. Out of the same mouth proceeds blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not to be so.
3:14. But if you have bitter zeal, and there be contention in your hearts, do not glory and do not be liars against the truth.
3:15. For this is not wisdom, descending from above, but earthly, sensual, and devilish.
3:16. For where envying and contention is, there is inconstancy and every evil work.
James Chapter 4
The evils that flow from yielding to concupiscence and being friends to this world. Admonitions against pride, detraction and the like.
4:1. From whence are wars and contentions among you? Are they not hence, from your concupiscences, which war in your members?
4:2. You covet, and do not have; you kill and envy and cannot obtain. You contend and war, and you do not have, because you do not ask.
4:4. Adulterers, do you not know that the friendship of this world is the enemy of God? Whoever therefore will be a friend of this world becomes an enemy of God.
4:5. Or do you think that the scriptures say in vain, "To envy does the spirit covet which dwells in you?"
4:6. But He gives greater grace. Wherefore He says, "God resists the proud and gives grace to the humble."
4:7. Be subject therefore to God. But resist the devil, and he will fly from you.
4:10. Be humbled in the sight of the Lord, and He will exalt you.
4:11. Detract not one another, my brethren. He that detracts his brother, or he that judges his brother, detracts the law and judges the law. But if you judge the law, you are not a doer of the law, but a judge.
4:12. There is one lawgiver and judge, who is able to destroy and to deliver.
4:13. But who are you that judges your neighbor? Behold, now you that say, "Today or tomorrow we will go into such a city, and there we will spend a year and will traffic and make our gain."
4:14. Whereas you do not know what shall be on the morrow.
4:15. For what is your life? It is a vapor which appears for a little while and afterwards shall vanish away. For that you should say, "If the Lord will," and, "If we shall live, we will do this or that."
4:16. But now you rejoice in your arrogance. All such rejoicing is wicked.
4:17. To him therefore who knows to do good and does not do it, to him it is sin.
James Chapter 5
A woe to the rich that oppress the poor. Exhortations to patience and to avoid swearing. Of the anointing the sick, confession of sins and fervor in prayer.
5:1. Go to now, you rich men; weep and howl in your miseries, which shall come upon you.
5:2. Your riches are corrupted: and your garments are moth-eaten.
5:3. Your gold and silver is cankered, and the rust of them shall be for a testimony against you and shall eat your flesh like fire. You have stored up to yourselves wrath against the last days.
5:4. Behold the wages of the laborers who have reaped down your fields cry, which by fraud has been kept back by you, and the cry of them has entered into the ears of the Lord of Sabaoth.
5:5. You have feasted upon earth, and in riotousness you have nourished your hearts, in the day of slaughter.
5:6. You have condemned and put to death the Just One, and He did not resist you.
5:7. Be patient therefore, brethren, until the coming of the Lord. Behold, the husbandman waits for the precious fruit of the earth, patiently bearing until he receives the early and latter rain.
5:8. Be patient also therefore and strengthen your hearts, for the coming of the Lord is at hand.
5:9. Grudge not, brethren, against one another, that you may not be judged. Behold the Judge stands before the door.
5:10. Take, my brethren, for example of suffering evil, of labor and patience, the prophets who spoke in the name of the Lord.
5:11. Behold, we account them blessed who have endured. You have heard of the patience of Job and you have seen the end of the Lord, that the Lord is merciful and compassionate.
5:12. But above all things, my brethren, swear not, neither by heaven, nor by the earth, nor by any other oath. But let your speech be "Yes, Yes," and "No, No," that you do not fall under judgment.
5:13. Is any of you sad? Let him [[:Category:pray. Is he cheerful in mind? Let him sing.
5:15. And the prayer of faith shall save the sick man. And the Lord shall raise him up, and if he be in sins, they shall be forgiven him.
5:16. Confess therefore your sins one to another: and pray one for another, that you may be saved. For the continual prayer of a just man avails much.
5:17. Elias was a man passable like unto us, and with prayer he prayed that it might not rain upon the earth. And it did not rain for three years and six months.
5:18. And he prayed again. And the heaven gave rain, and the earth brought forth her fruit.
5:19. My brethren, if any of you err from the truth and one convert him,
5:20. He must know that he who causes a sinner to be converted from the error of his way shall save his soul from death and shall cover a multitude of sins.
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