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Lord, n. Etym: [OE. lord, laverd, loverd, AS. hlaford, for hlafweard, i. e., bread keeper; hlaf bread, loaf + weardian to look after, to take care of, to ward. See Loaf, and Ward to guard, and cf. Laird, Lady.]
2. The Savior; Jesus Christ.
3. One who has power and authority; a master; a ruler; a governor; a
prince; a proprietor, as of a manor.
But now I was the lord Of this fair mansion. Shak.
Man over men He made not lord. Milton.
4. A titled nobleman., whether a peer of the realm or not; a bishop, as a member of the House of Lords; by courtesy; the son of a duke or marquis, or the eldest son of an earl; in a restricted sense, a boron, as opposed to noblemen of higher rank. [Eng.]
5. A title bestowed on the persons above named; and also, for honor, on certain official persons; as, lord advocate, lord chamberlain, lord chancellor, lord chief justice, etc. [Eng.]
6. A husband. "My lord being old also." Genesis 18:12.
Thou worthy lord Of that unworthy wife that greeteth thee. Shak.
7. (Feudal Law)
Defn: One of whom a fee or estate is held; the male owner of feudal land; as, the lord of the soil; the lord of the manor.
8. House of Lords, one of the constituent
parts of the British Parliament, consisting of the lords spiritual
-- Lord high chancellor, Lord high constable, etc. See Chancellor, Constable, etc.
-- Lord justice clerk, the second in rank of the two highest judges of the Supreme Court of Scotland.
-- Lord justice general, or Lord president, the highest in rank of the judges of the Supreme Court of Scotland.
-- Lord keeper, an ancient officer of the English crown, who had the custody of the king's great seal, with authority to affix it to public documents. The office is now merged in that of the chancellor.
-- Lord lieutenant, a representative of British royalty: the lord lieutenant of Ireland being the representative of royalty there, and exercising supreme administrative authority; the lord lieutenant of a county being a deputy to manage its military concerns, and also to nominate to the chancellor the justices of the peace for that county.
-- Lord of misrule, the master of the revels at Christmas in a nobleman's or other great house. Eng. Cyc.
-- Lords spiritual, the archbishops and bishops who have seats in the House of Lords.
-- Lords temporal, the peers of England; also, sixteen representative peers of Scotland, and twenty-eight representatives of the Irish peerage.
-- Our Lord, Jesus Christ; the Savior.
-- The Lord's Day, Sunday; the Christian Sabbath, on which the Lord Jesus rose from the dead.
-- The Lord's Prayer, the Our Father, the prayer which Jesus taught his disciples. Matthew 6:9-13.
-- The Lord's Supper.
(a) The paschal supper partaken of by Jesus the night before His crucifixion.
(b) The sacrament of the Eucharist; the Holy Communion.
-- The Lord's Table.
(a) The altar or table from which the sacrament is dispensed.
(b) The sacrament itself.
Lord, v. t.
1. To invest with the dignity, power, and privileges of a lord. [R.] Shak.
2. To rule or preside over as a lord. [R.]
Lord, v. i. [imp. & p. p. Lorded; p. pr. & vb. n. Lording.]
Defn: To play the lord; to domineer; to rule with arbitrary or
despotic sway; -- sometimes with over; and sometimes with it in the
manner of a transitive verb.
The whiles she lordeth in licentious bliss. Spenser.
I see them lording it in London streets. Shak.
And lorded over them whom now they serve. Milton.
---excerpt from the Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Lord - There are various Hebrew and Greek words so rendered.
(1.) Heb. Jehovah , has been rendered in the English Bible Lord, printed in small capitals. This is the proper name of the God of the Hebrews. The form "Jehovah" is retained only in Exodus 6:3; Psalms 83:18; Isaiah 12:2; Isaiah 26:4, both in the Authorized and the Revised Version.
(2.) Heb. 'adon , means one possessed of absolute control. It denotes a master, as of slaves (Genesis 24:14, Genesis 24:27), or a ruler of his subjects (Genesis 45:8), or a husband, as lord of his wife (Genesis 18:12).The old plural form of this Hebrew word is 'adonai . From a superstitious reverence for the name "Jehovah," the Jews, in reading their Scriptures, whenever that name occurred, always pronounced it 'Adonai .
(3.) Greek kurios , a supreme master, etc. In the LXX. this is invariably used for "Jehovah" and " 'Adonai ."
(4.) Heb. ba'al , a master, as having domination. This word is applied to human relations, as that of husband, to persons skilled in some art or profession, and to heathen deities. "The men of Shechem," literally "the baals of Shechem" (Judges 9:2, Judges 9:3). These were the Israelite inhabitants who had reduced the Canaanites to a condition of vassalage (Joshua 16:10; Joshua 17:13). (5.) Heb. seren , applied exclusively to the "lords of the Philistines" (Judges 3:3). The LXX. render it by satrapies. At this period the Philistines were not, as at a later period (1 Samuel 21:10), under a kingly government. (See Joshua 13:3; 1 Samuel 6:18.) There were five such lordships, viz., Gath, Ashdod, Gaza, Ashkelon, and Ekron.