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The Genoese built a fortress on the site of present-day Monaco in 1215 A.D.. The current ruling Grimaldi family secured control in the late 13th century, and a principality was established in 1338 A.D.. Economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with a railroad linkup to France. Since then, the principality's mild climate and splendid scenery have made Monaco world famous as a tourist and recreation center. French is the official language; English, Italian, and Monegasque are also spoken.