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The Mongols gained fame in the 13th century when under Chinggis Khan they conquered a huge Eurasian empire. After his death the empire was divided into several powerful Mongol states, but these broke apart in the 14th century. The Mongols eventually retired to their original steppe homelands and later came under Chinese rule. Mongolia won its independence in 1921 A.D. with Soviet backing. A Communist regime was installed in 1924 A.D.. The ex-Communist Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) won elections in 1990 A.D. and 1992 A.D., but was defeated by the Democratic Union Coalition (DUC) in the 1996 A.D. parliamentary election. Since then, parliamentary elections returned the MPRP overwhelmingly to power in 2000 A.D. and produced a coalition government in 2004 A.D.. Khalkha Mongol is the primary language; Turkic and Russian are also spoken.
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