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Sac"ri*fice, n. Etym: [oe. sacrifise, sacrifice, f. sacrifice, fr. L. Sacrificium; sacer sacer + facere to make. See sacred, and fact.]
1. The offering of anything to God, or to a god; consecratory rite.
Great pomp, and sacrifice, with loud praises and joyful singing.
And the ... heave shoulder shall ye eat in a clean place; thou, and thy sons, and thy daughters with thee: for they be thy due, and thy sons' due, which are given out of the sacrifices of peace offerings of the children of Israel. Leviticus 10:14-15
2. Anything consecrated and offered to God, or to a divinity; an
immolated victim, or an offering of any kind, laid upon an altar, or
otherwise presented in the way of religious thanksgiving, atonement,
the ram of the consecration,...it shall be an heave offering from the children of Israel of the sacrifice of their peace offerings, even their heave offering unto the LORD. Exodus 29:26-28
My life, if thou preserves my life, thy sacrifice shall be. Addison.
3. Destruction or surrender of anything for the sake of something else; devotion of some desirable object in behalf of a higher object, or to a claim deemed more pressing; hence, also, the thing so devoted or given up; as, the sacrifice of interest to pleasure, or of pleasure to interest.
4. A sale at a price less than the cost or the actual value.
[tradesmen's cant] burnt sacrifice. See burnt offering, under burnt.
-- sacrifice hit (baseball), in batting, a hit of such a kind that the batter loses his chance of tallying, but enables one or more who are on bases to get home or gain a base.
Sac"ri*fice, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Sacrificed (; p. pr. & vb. n.
Sacrificing (.] Etym: [from sacrifice, n.: cf. F. sacrifier, l.
Sacrificare; sacer sacred, holy + -ficare (only in comp.) to make.
1. To make an offering of; to consecrate or present to a divinity by
way of expiation or propitiation, or as a token acknowledgment or
thanksgiving; to immolate on the altar of God, in order to atone for
sin, to procure favor, or to express thankfulness; as, to sacrifice
an ox or a sheep.
And Samuel said, Hath the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, and to hearken than the fat of rams. 1 Samuel 15:22
Oft sacrificing bullock, lamb, or kid. Milton.
2. Hence, to destroy, surrender, or suffer to be lost, for the sake
of obtaining something; to give up in favor of a higher or more
imperative object or duty; to devote, with loss or suffering.
Condemned to sacrifice his childish years to babbling ignorance, and to empty fears. Prior.
The baronet had sacrificed a large sum . . . for the sake of . . . making this boy his heir. G. Eliot.
3. To destroy; to kill. Johnson.
4. To sell at a price less than the cost or the actual value. [tradesmen's cant]
Sac"ri*fice, v. i.
Defn: to make offerings to God, or to a deity, of things consumed on
the altar; to offer sacrifice.
O teacher, some great mischief hath befallen to that meek man, who well had sacrificed. Milton.
---excerpt from the Illustrated Bible Dictionary
sacrifice - The offering up of sacrifices is to be regarded as a divine institution. It did not originate with man. God himself appointed it as the mode in which acceptable worship was to be offered to him by guilty man. The language and the idea of sacrifice pervade the whole Bible. Sacrifices were offered in the ante-diluvian age. The Lord clothed Adam and Eve with the skins of animals, which in all probability had been offered in sacrifice (Genesis 3:21). Abel offered a sacrifice "of the firstlings of his flock" (Genesis 4:4; Hebrews 11:4). A distinction also was made between clean and unclean animals, which there is every reason to believe had reference to the offering up of sacrifices (Genesis 7:2, Genesis 7:8), because animals were not given to man as food till after the Flood. The same practice is continued down through the patriarchal age (Genesis 8:20; Genesis 12:7; Genesis 13:4, Genesis 13:18; Genesis 15:9; Genesis 22:1-18, etc.). In the Mosaic period of Old Testament history definite laws were prescribed by God regarding the different kinds of sacrifices that were to be offered and the manner in which the offering was to be made. The offering of stated sacrifices became indeed a prominent and distinctive feature of the whole period (Ex. 12:3-27; Leviticus 23:5; Numbers 9:2). (See ALTAR.) We learn from the Epistle to the Hebrews that sacrifices had in themselves no value or efficacy. They were only the "shadow of good things to come," and pointed the worshippers forward to the coming of the great High Priest, who, in the fullness of the time, "was offered once for all to bear the sin of many." Sacrifices belonged to a temporary economy, to a system of types and emblems which served their purposes and have now passed away. The "one sacrifice for sins" hath "perfected for ever them that are sanctified."
Sacrifices were of two kinds:,
(1.) Unbloody, such as
(a.) first-fruits and tithes;
(b.) meat-offerings and drink-offerings; and
(2.) Bloody, such as
(a.) Burnt Offerings;
(b.) peace-offerings; and
(c.) sin offerings and trespass offerings. (See OFFERINGS.)
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