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Category:Second Book of Samuel

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This Book relates the transactions from the death of Saul until the end of David's reign, being a history for the space of about forty-six years.


2 Samuel Chapter 1

David mourns for the death of Saul and Jonathan: he orders the man to be slain who pretended he had killed Saul.

1:1. Now it came to pass, after Saul was dead, that David returned from the slaughter of the Amalecites, and abode two days in Siceleg.
1:2. On the third day, there appeared a man who came out of Saul's camp, with his garments rent, and dust strewed on his head: and when he came to David, he fell upon his face, and adored.
1:3. David said to him: From whence comest you? He said to him: I am fled out of the camp of Israel.
1:4. David said unto him: What is the matter that is come to pass? tell me: He said: The people are fled from the battle, and many of the people are fallen and dead: moreover Saul and Jonathan his son are slain.
1:5. David said to the young man that told him: How knowest you that Saul and Jonathan his son, are dead?
1:6. The young man that told him, said: I came by chance upon mount Gelboe, and Saul leaned upon his spear: and the chariots and horsemen drew nigh unto him,
1:7. Looking behind him, and seeing me, he called me. And I answered, Here am I.
1:8. He said to me: Who are you? And I said to him: I am an Amalecite.
1:9. He said to me: Stand over me, and kill me: for anguish is come upon me, and as yet my whole life is in me.
1:10. So standing over him, I killed him: for I knew that he could not live after the fall: and I took the diadem that was on his head, and the bracelet that was on his arm, and have brought them hither to you, my lord.

I killed him. . .This story of the young Amalecite was not true, as may easily be proved by comparing it with the last chapter of the foregoing book.

1:11. Then David took hold of his garments and rent them, and likewise all the men that were with him.
1:12. They mourned, and wept, and fasted until evening for Saul, and for Jonathan his son, and for the people of the Lord, and for the house of Israel, because they were fallen by the sword.
1:13. David said to the young man that told him: Whence are thou? He answered: I am the son of a stranger of Amalec.
1:14. David said to him: Why did you not fear to put out your hand to kill the Lord's anointed?
1:15. David calling one of his servants, said: Go near and fall upon him. He struck him so that he died.
1:16. David said to him: Your blood be upon your own head: for your own mouth has spoken against you, saying: I have slain the Lord's anointed.
1:17. David made this kind of lamentation over Saul, and over Jonathan his son.
1:18. (Also he commanded that they should teach the children of Judah the use of the bow, as it is written in the book of the just.) And he said: Consider, O Israel, for those who are dead, wounded on your high places.
1:19. The illustrious of Israel are slain upon your mountains: how are the valiant fallen?
1:20. Tell it not in Geth, publish it not in the streets of Ascalon: lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice, lest the daughters of the uncircumcised triumph.
1:21. Mountains of Gelboe, let neither dew, nor rain come upon you, neither be they fields of first fruits: for there was cast away the shield of the valiant, the shield of Saul as though he had not been anointed with oil.
1:22. From the blood of the slain, from the fat of the valiant, the arrow of Jonathan never turned back, and the sword of Saul did not return empty.
1:23. Saul and Jonathan, lovely, and comely in their life, even in death they were not divided: they were swifter than eagles, stronger than lions.
1:24. Daughters of Israel, weep over Saul, who clothed you with scarlet in delights, who gave ornaments of gold for your attire.
1:25. How are the valiant fallen in battle? Jonathan slain in the high places?
1:26. I grieve for you, my brother Jonathan: exceeding beautiful, and amiable to me above the love of women. As the mother loves her only son, so did I love you.
1:27. How are the valiant fallen, and the weapons of war perished?

2 Samuel Chapter 2

...and Abigail, the wife of Nabal of Carmel.
2 Samuel 2:2

David is received and anointed king of Judah. Isboseth the son of Saul reigns over the rest of Israel. A battle between Abner and Joab.

2:1. After these things David consulted the Lord, saying: Shall I go up into one of the cities of Judah? The Lord said to him: Go up. David said: Whither shall I go up? He answered him: Into Hebron.
2:2. So David went up, and his two wives Achinoam the Jezrahelitess, and Abigail, the wife of Nabal of Carmel:
2:3. The men also that were with him, David brought up every man with his household: and they abode in the towns of Hebron.
The men of Judah came, and anointed David there, to be king over the house of Judah.
2 Samuel 2:4
2:4. The men of Judah came, and anointed David there, to be king over the house of Judah. It was told David that the men of Jabes Galaad had buried Saul.
2:5. David therefore sent messengers to the men of Jabes Galaad, and said to them: Blessed be you to the Lord, who have shown this mercy to your master Saul, and have buried him.
2:6. Now the Lord surely will render you mercy and truth, and I also will requite you for this good turn, because you have done this thing.
2:7. Let your hands be strengthened, and be men of valor: for although your master Saul be dead, yet the house of Judah has anointed me to be their king.
2:8. But Abner the son of Ner, general of Saul's army, took Isboseth the son of Saul, and led him about through the camp,
2:9. and made him king over Galaad, and over Gessuri, and over Jezrahel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Israel.
2:10. Isboseth the son of Saul was forty years old when he began to reign over Israel, and he reigned two years; and only the house of Judah followed David.

He reigned two years. . .Viz., before he began visibly to decline: but in all he reigned seven years and six months; for so long David reigned in Hebron.

2:11. The number of the days that David abode, reigning in Hebron over the house of Judah, was seven years and six months.
2:12. Abner the son of Ner, and the servants of Isboseth the son of Saul, went out from the camp to Gabaon.
2:13. Joab the son of Sarvia, and the servants of David went out, and met them by the pool of Gabaon. When they were come together, they sat down over against one another: the one on the one side of the pool, and the other on the other side.
2:14. Abner said to Joab: Let the young men rise, and play before us. Joab answered: Let them rise.
2:15. Then there arose and went over twelve in number of Benjamin, of the part of Isboseth the son of Saul, and twelve of the servants of David.
2:16. Every one catching his fellow by the head, thrust his sword into the side of his adversary, and they fell down together: and the name of the place was called: The field of the valiant, in Gabaon.
2:17. There was a very fierce battle that day: and Abner was put to flight, with the men of Israel, by the servants of David.
2:18. There were the three sons of Sarvia there, Joab, and Abisai, and Asael: now Asael was a most swift runner, like one of the roes that abide in the woods.
2:19. Asael pursued after Abner, and turned not to the right hand nor to the left from following Abner.
2:20. Abner looked behind him, and said: Are you Asael? And he answered: I am.
2:21. Abner said to him: Go to the right hand or to the left, and lay hold on one of the young men and take you his spoils. But Asael would not leave off following him close.
2:22. Again Abner said to Asael: Go off, and do not follow me, lest I be obliged to stab you to the ground, and I shall not be able to hold up my face to Joab your brother.
2:23. But he refused to hearken to him, and would not turn aside: wherefore Abner struck him with his spear with a back stroke in the groin, and thrust him through, and he died upon the spot: and all that came to the place where Asael fell down and died stood still.
2:24. Now while Joab and Abisai pursued after Abner, the sun went down: and they came as far as the hill of the aqueduct, that lies over against the valley by the way of the wilderness in Gabaon.
2:25. The children of Benjamin gathered themselves together to Abner: and being joined in one body, they stood on the top of a hill.
2:26. Abner cried out to Joab, and said: Shall your sword rage unto utter destruction? knowest you not that it is dangerous to drive people to despair? how long do you defer to bid the people cease from pursuing after their brethren?
2:27. Joab said: As the Lord lives, if you had spoke sooner, even in the morning the people should have retired from pursuing after their brethren.
2:28. Then Joab sounded the trumpet, and all the army stood still, and did not pursue after Israel any farther, nor fight any more.
2:29. Abner and his men walked all that night through the plains: and they passed the Jordan, and having gone through all Beth-horon, came to the camp.
2:30. Joab returning, after he had left Abner, assembled all the people: and there were wanting of David's servants nineteen men, beside Asael.
2:31. But the servants of David had killed of Benjamin, and of the men that were with Abner, three hundred and sixty, who all died.
2:32. They took Asael, and buried him in the sepulchre of his father in Bethlehem and Joab, and the men that were with him, marched all the night, and they came to Hebron at break of day.

2 Samuel Chapter 3

David grows daily stronger. Abner comes over to him: he is treacherously slain by Joab.

3:1. Now there was a long war between the house of Saul and the house of David: David prospering and growing always stronger and stronger, but the house of Saul decaying daily.
...of Abigail the wife of Nabal of Carmel...
2 Samuel 3:3

There was a long war between the house of Saul, etc. . .Rather a strife or emulation than a war with arms; it lasted five years and a half.

3:2. Sons were born to David in Hebron: and his firstborn was Ammon of Achinoam the Jezrahelitess:
3:3. His second Cheleab of Abigail the wife of Nabal of Carmel: and the third Absalom the son of Maacha the daughter of Tholmai king of Gessur:
3:4. and the fourth Adonias, the son of Haggith: and the fifth Saphathia the son of Abital:
3:5. and the sixth Jethraam of Egla the wife of David: these were born to David In Hebron.
3:6. Now while there was war between the house of Saul and the house of David, Abner the son of Ner ruled the house of Saul.
3:7. Saul had a concubine named Respha, the daughter of Aia. And Isboseth said to Abner:
3:8. Why did you go in to my father's concubine? And he was exceedingly angry for the words of Isboseth, and said: Am I a dog's head against Judah this day, who have shown mercy to the house of Saul your father, and to his brethren and friends, and have not delivered you into the hands of David, and have you sought this day against me to charge me with a matter concerning a woman?
3:9. So do God to Abner, and more also, unless as the Lord has sworn to David, so I do to him,
3:10. That the kingdom be translated from the house of Saul, and the throne of David be set up over Israel, and over Judah from Dan to Bersabee.
3:11. He could not answer him a word, because he feared him.
3:12. Abner therefore sent messengers to David for himself, saying: Whose is the land? and that they should say: Make a league with me, and my hand shall be with you: and I will bring all Israel to you.
3:13. He said: Very well: I will make a league with you: but one thing I require of you, saying: You shall not see my face before you bring Michol the daughter of Saul: and so you shall come, and see me.
3:14. David sent messengers to Isboseth the son of Saul, saying: Restore my wife Michol, whom I espoused to me for a hundred foreskins of the Philistines.
3:15. Isboseth sent, and took her from her husband Phaltiel, the son of Lais.
3:16. Her husband followed her, weeping as far as Bahurim: and Abner said to him: Go and return. And he returned.
3:17. Abner also spoke to the ancients of Israel, saying: Both yesterday and the day before you sought for David that he might reign over you.
3:18. Now then do it: because the Lord has spoken to David, saying: By the hand of my servant David I will save my people Israel from the hands of the Philistines, and of all their enemies.
3:19. Abner spoke also to Benjamin. And he went to speak to David in Hebron all that seemed good to Israel, and to all Benjamin.
3:20. He came to David in Hebron with twenty men: and David made a feast for Abner, and his men that came with him.
3:21. Abner said to David: I will rise, that I may gather all Israel unto you my lord the king, and may enter into a league with you, and that you may reign over all as your soul desires. Now when David had brought Abner on his way, and he was gone in peace,
3:22. Immediately, David's servants and Joab came, after having slain the robbers, with an exceeding great booty. And Abner was not with David in Hebron, for he had now sent him away, and he was gone in peace.
3:23. Joab and all the army that was with him, came afterwards: and it was told Joab, that Abner the son of Ner came to the king, and he has sent him away, and he is gone in peace.
3:24. Joab went in to the king, and said: What have you done? Behold Abner came to you: Why did you send him away, and he is gone and departed?
3:25. Do you not know Abner the son of Ner, that to this end he came to you, that he might deceive you, and to know your going out, and your coming in, and to know all you do?
3:26. Then Joab going out from David, sent messengers after Abner, and brought him back from the cistern of Sira, David knowing nothing of it.
3:27. When Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside to the middle of the gate, to speak to him treacherously: and he stabbed him there in the groin, and he died, in revenge of the blood of Asael his brother.
3:28. When David heard of it, after the thing was now done, he said: I, and my kingdom are innocent before the Lord forever of the blood of Abner the son of Ner:
3:29. May it come upon the head of Joab, and upon all his father's house: and let there not fail from the house of Joab one that *** is a leper, or that holds the distaff, or that falls by the sword, or that wants bread.
3:30. So Joab and Abisai his brother slew Abner, because he had killed their brother Asael at Gabaon in the battle.
3:31. David said to Joab, and to all the people that were with him: Rend your garments, and gird yourselves with sackcloths, and mourn before the funeral of Abner. And king David himself followed the bier.
3:32. When they had buried Abner in Hebron, king David lifted up his voice, and wept at the grave of Abner: and all the people also wept.
3:33. The king mourning and lamenting over Abner, said: Not as cowards are wont to die, has Abner died.
3:34. Your hands were not bound, nor your feet laden with fetters: but as men fall before the children of iniquity, so did you fall. And all the people repeating it wept over him.
3:35. When all the people came to take meat with David, while it was yet broad day, David swore, saying: So do God to me, and more also, if I taste bread or any thing else before sunset.
3:36. All the people heard, and they were pleased, and all that the king did seemed good in the sight of all the people.
3:37. All the people, and all Israel understood that day that it was not the king's doing, that Abner the son of Ner was slain.
3:38. The king also said to his servants: Do you not know that a prince and a great man is slain this day in Israel?
3:39. But I as yet am tender, though anointed king. And these men the sons of Sarvia are too hard for me: the Lord reward him that does evil according to his wickedness.

2 Samuel Chapter 4

Isboseth is murdered by two of his servants. David punishes the murderers.

4:1. Isboseth the son of Saul heard that Abner was slain in Hebron: and his hands were weakened, and all Israel was troubled.
4:2. Now the son of Saul had two men captains of his bands, the name of the one was Baana, and the name of the other Rechab, the sons of Remmon a Berothite of the children of Benjamin: for Beroth also was reckoned in Benjamin.
4:3. The Berothites fled into Gethaim, and were sojourners there until that time.
4:4. Jonathan the son of Saul had a son that was lame of his feet: for he was five years old when the tidings came of Saul and Jonathan from Jezrahel. And his nurse took him up and fled: and as she made haste to flee, he fell and became lame: and his name was Miphiboseth.
4:5. The sons of Remmon the Berothite, Rechab and Baana coming, went into the house of Isboseth in the heat of the day: and he was sleeping upon his bed at noon. And the doorkeeper of the house, who was cleansing wheat, was fallen asleep.
4:6. They entered into the house secretly taking ears of corn, and Rechab and Baana his brother stabbed him in the groin, and fled away.
4:7. For when they came into the house, he was sleeping upon his bed in a parlour, and they struck him and killed him and taking away his head they went off by the way of the wilderness, walking all night.
4:8. They brought the head of Isboseth to David to Hebron: and they said to the king: Behold the head of Isboseth the son of Saul your enemy who sought your life: and the Lord has revenged my lord the king this day of Saul, and of his seed.
4:9. But David answered Rechab, and Baana his brother, the sons of Remmon the Berothite, and said to them: As the Lord lives, who has delivered my soul out of all distress,
4:10. The man that told me, and said: Saul is dead, who thought he brought good tidings, I apprehended, and slew him in Siceleg, who should have been rewarded for his news.
4:11. How much more now when wicked men have slain an innocent man in his own house, upon his bed, shall I not require his blood at your hand, and take you away from the earth?
4:12. David commanded his servants and they slew them: and cutting off their hands and feet, hanged them up over the pool in Hebron: but the head of Isboseth they took and buried in the sepulchre of Abner in Hebron.

2 Samuel Chapter 5

David is anointed king of all Israel. He takes Jerusalem, and dwells there. He defeats the Philistines.

5:1. Then all the tribes of Israel came to David in Hebron, saying: Behold we are your bone and your flesh.
5:2. Moreover yesterday also and the day before, when Saul was king over us, you wast he that did lead out and bring in Israel: and the Lord said to you: You shall feed my people Israel, and you shall be prince over Israel.
5:3. The ancients also of Israel came to the king of Hebron, and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the Lord: and they anointed David to be king over Israel.
5:4. David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.
5:5. In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned three and thirty years over all Israel and Judah.
5:6. The king and all the men that were with him went to Jerusalem to the Jebusites the inhabitants of the land: and they said to David: You shall not come in hither unless you take away the blind and the lame that say: David shall not come in hither.
5:7. But David took the castle of Zion, the same is the city of David.
5:8. For David had offered that day a reward to whosoever should strike the Jebusites and get up to the gutters of the tops of the houses, and take away the blind and the lame that hated the soul of David: therefore it is said in the proverb: The blind and the lame shall not come into the temple.
5:9. David dwelt in the castle, and called it, The city of David: and built round about from Mello and inwards.
David, king over Israel
2 Samuel 5:12
5:10. He went on prospering and growing up, and the Lord God of hosts was with him.
5:11. Hiram the king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons for walls: and they built a house for David.
5:12. David knew that the Lord had confirmed him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom over his people Israel.
5:13. David took more concubines and wives of Jerusalem, after he was come from Hebron: and there were born to David other sons also and daughters:
5:14. These are the names of them, that were born to him in Jerusalem, Samua, and Sobab, and Nathan, and Solomon,
5:15. Jebahar, Elisua, Nepheg,
5:16. Japhia, Elisama, Elioda, and Eliphaleth.
5:17. The Philistines heard that they had anointed David to be king over Israel: and they all came to seek David: and when David heard of it, he went down to a strong hold.
5:18. The Philistines coming spread themselves in the valley of Raphaim.
5:19. David consulted the Lord, Saying: Shall I go up to the Philistines? and will you deliver them into my hand? And the Lord said to David: Go up, for I will surely deliver the Philistines into your hand.
5:20. David came to Baal Pharisim: and defeated them there, and he said, The Lord has divided my enemies before me, as waters are divided. Therefore the name of the place was called Baal Pharisim.
5:21. They left there their idols: which David and his men took away.
5:22. The Philistines came up again and spread themselves into the valley of Raphaim.
5:23. David consulted the Lord: Shall I go up against the Philistines, and will you deliver them into my hands? He answered: Go not up against them but fetch a compass behind them, and you shall come upon them over against the pear trees.
5:24. When you shall hear the sound of one going in the tops of the pear trees, then shall you join battle: for then will the Lord go out before your face to strike the army of the Philistines.
5:25. David did as the Lord had commanded him, and he smote the Philistines from Gabaa until you come to Gezer.

2 Samuel Chapter 6

When they came to the floor of Nachon, Oza put forth his hand to the ark of God, and took hold of it: because the oxen kicked and made it lean aside.
2 Samuel 6:2

David fetches the ark from Cariathiarim. Oza is struck dead for touching it. It is deposited in the house of Obededom: and from thence carried to David's house.

6:1. David again gathered together all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand.
6:2. David arose and went, with all the people that were with him of the men of Judah to fetch the ark of God, upon which the name of the Lord of Hosts is invoked, who sits over it upon the cherubims.
6:3. They laid the ark of God upon a new cart: and took it out of the house of Abinadab, who was in Gabaa, and Oza and Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, drove the new cart.

Gabaa. . .The hill of Cariathiarim, where the ark had been in the house of Abinadab, from the time of its being restored back by the Philistines.

6:4. When they had taken it out of the house of Abinadab, who was in Gabaa, Ahio having care of the ark of God went before the ark.
6:5. But David and all Israel played before the Lord on all manner of instruments made of wood, on harps and lutes and timbrels and cornets and cymbals.
6:6. When they came to the floor of Nachon, Oza put forth his hand to the ark of God, and took hold of it: because the oxen kicked and made it lean aside.
6:7. The indignation of the Lord was enkindled against Oza, and he struck him for his rashness: and he died there before the ark of God.
6:8. David was grieved because the Lord had struck Oza, and the name of that place was called: The striking of Oza, to this day.
6:9. David was afraid of the Lord that day, saying: How shall the ark of the Lord come to me?
6:10. He would not have the ark of the Lord brought in to himself into the city of David: but he caused it to be carried into the house of Obededom the Gethite.
6:11. The ark of the Lord abode in the house of Obededom the Gethite three months: and the Lord blessed Obededom, and all his household.
6:12. It was told king David, that the Lord had blessed Obededom, and all that he had, because of the ark of God. So David went, and brought away the ark of God out of the house of Obededom into the city of David with joy. There were with David seven choirs, and calves for victims.

Choirs. . .Or companies of musicians.

6:13. When they that carried the ark of the Lord had gone six paces, he sacrificed and ox and a ram:
6:14. David danced with all his might before the Lord: and David was girded with a linen ephod.
6:15. David and all the house of Israel brought the ark of the covenant of the Lord with joyful shouting, and with sound of trumpet.
6:16. When the ark of the Lord was come into the city of David, Michal the daughter of Saul, looking out through a window, saw king David leaping and dancing before the Lord: and she despised him in her heart.
6:17. They brought the ark of the Lord, and set it in its place in the midst of the tabernacle, which David had pitched for it: and David offered holocausts, and peace offerings before the Lord.
6:18. When he had made an end of offering holocausts and peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the Lord of hosts.
6:19. He distributed to all the multitude of Israel, both men and women, to every one, a cake of bread, and a piece of roasted beef, and fine flour fried with oil: and all the people departed every one to his own house.
6:20. David returned to bless his own house: and Michol the daughter of Saul coming out to meet David, said: How glorious was the king of Israel today, uncovering himself before the handmaids of his servants *** .
6:21. David said to Michol: Before the Lord, who chose me rather than your father, and than all his house, and commanded me to be ruler over the people of the Lord in Israel,
6:22. I will both play and make myself meaner than I have done: and I will be little in my own eyes: and with the handmaids of whom you speak, I shall appear more glorious.
6:23. Therefore Michol, the daughter of Saul, had no child to the day of her death.

2 Samuel Chapter 7

... I have not dwelt in a house from the day that I brought the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt...
2 Samuel 7:6

David's purpose to build a temple is rewarded with the promise of great blessings in his seed: his prayer and thanksgiving.

7:1. It came to pass when the king sat in his house, and the Lord had given him rest on every side from all his enemies,
7:2. He said to Nathan the prophet: Dost you see that I dwell in a house of cedar, and the ark of God is lodged within skins?
7:3. Nathan said to the king: Go, do all that is in thy heart: because the Lord is with you.
Thus says the Lord of hosts: I took you out of the pastures from following the sheep to be ruler over my people Israel...
2 Samuel 7:8
7:4. But it came to pass that night, that the word of the Lord came to Nathan, saying:
7:5. Go, and say to my servant David: Thus says the Lord: Shall you build me a house to dwell in?
Your house shall be faithful...
The tree of Jesse, King David's father
2 Samuel 7:16
7:6. Whereas I have not dwelt in a house from the day that I brought the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt even to this day: but have walked in a tabernacle, and in a tent.
7:7. In all the places that I have gone through with all the children of Israel, did ever I speak a word to any one of the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my people Israel, saying: Why have you not built me a house of cedar?
7:8. Now thus shall you speak to my servant David: Thus says the Lord of hosts: I took you out of the pastures from following the sheep to be ruler over my people Israel:
7:9. I have been with you wheresoever you have walked, and have slain all your enemies from before your face: and I have made you a great man, like unto the name of the great ones that are on the earth.
...your throne shall be firm forever.
2 Samuel 7:16
7:10. I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and I will plant them, and they shall dwell therein, and shall be disturbed no more: neither shall the children of iniquity afflict them any more as they did before,
7:11. From the day that I appointed judges over my people Israel: and I will give you rest from all your enemies. The Lord foretells to you, that the Lord will make you a house.
7:12. When your days shall be fulfilled, and you shall sleep with your fathers, I will raise up your seed after you, and I will establish his kingdom.

I will establish his kingdom. . .This prophecy partly relates to Solomon: but much more to Christ, who is called the son of David in scripture, and who is the builder of the true temple, which is the church, his everlasting kingdom, which shall never fail.

7:13. He shall build a house to my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom fore ever.
7:14. I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son: and if he commit any iniquity, I will correct him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men.
7:15. But my mercy I will not take away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I removed from before my face.
7:16. Your house shall be faithful, and your kingdom forever before your face, and your throne shall be firm forever.
7:17. According to all these words and according to all this vision so did Nathan speak to David.
7:18. David went in, and sat before the Lord, and said: Who am I, O Lord God, and what is my house, that you have brought me thus far?
7:19. But yet this has seemed little in your sight, O Lord God, unless you did also speak of the house of your servant for a long time to come: for this is the law of Adam, O Lord God:
7:20. What can David say more unto you? for You know Your servant, O Lord God:
7:21. For Your word's sake, and according to Your own heart You have done all these great things, so that You would make it known to Your servant.
7:22. Therefore You are magnified, O Lord God, because there is none like You, neither is there any God besides You, in all the things that we have heard with our ears.
7:23. What nation is there upon earth, as Your people Israel, whom God went to redeem for a people to Himself, and to make Him a name, and to do for them great and terrible things, upon the earth, before the face of Your people, whom You redeemeded to Thyself out of Egypt, from the nations and their gods.
7:24. For You have confirmed to Thyself Your people Israel to be an everlasting people: and You, O Lord God, are become their God.
7:25. Now, O Lord God, raise up forever the word that You have spoken, concerning Your servant and concerning his house: and do as You have spoken,
7:26. That Your Name may be magnified forever, and it may be said: The Lord of hosts is God over Israel. And the house of your servant David shall be established before the Lord.
7:27. Because You, O Lord of hosts, God of Israel, have revealed to the ear of Your servant, saying: I will build You a house: therefore has Your servant found in his heart to pray this prayer to You.
7:28. Now, O Lord God, You are God, and Your words shall be true: for You have spoken to Your servant these good things.
7:29. Now begin, and bless the house of Your servant, that it may endure forever before You: because You, O Lord God, have spoken it, and with Your blessing let the house of Your servant be blessed forever.

2 Samuel Chapter 8

David's victories, and his chief officers.

8:1. It came to pass after this that David defeated the Philistines, and brought them down, and David took the bridle of tribute out of the hand of the Philistines,
8:2. He defeated Moab, and measured them with a line, casting them down to the earth: and he measured with two lines, one to put to death, and one to save alive: and Moab was made to serve David under tribute.
8:3. David defeated also Adarezer the son of Rohob king of Soba, when he went to extend his dominion over the river Euphrates.
8:4. David took from him a thousand and seven hundred horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen, and houghed all the chariot horses: and only reserved of them for one hundred chariots.
8:5. The Syrians of Damascus came to succour Adarezer the king of Soba: and David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.
8:6. David put garrisons in Syria of Damascus: and Syria served David under tribute, and the Lord preserved David in all his enterprises, whithersoever he went.
8:7. David took the arms of gold, which the servants of Adarezer wore and brought them to Jerusalem.
8:8. Out of Bete, and out of Beroth, cities of Adarezer, king David took and exceeding great quantity of brass.
8:9. You the king of Emath heard that David had defeated all the forces of Adarezer.
8:10. You sent Joram his son to king David, to salute him, and to congratulate with him, and to return him thanks: because he had fought against Adarezer, and had defeated him. For You was an enemy to Adarezer, and in his hand were vessels of gold, and vessels of silver, and vessels of brass:
8:11. and king David dedicated them to the Lord, together with the silver and gold that he had dedicated of all the nations, which he had subdued:
8:12. of Syria, and of Moab, and of the children Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of Amalec, and of the spoils of Adarezer the son of Rohob king of Soba.
8:13. David also made himself a name, when he returned after taking Syria in the valley of the saltpits, killing eighteen thousand:
8:14. He put guards in Edom, and placed there a garrison: and all Edom was made to serve David: and the Lord preserved David in all enterprises he went about.
8:15. David reigned over all Israel: and David did judgment and justice to all his people.
8:16. Joab the son Sarvia was over the army: and Josaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder:

Recorder. . .Or chancellor.

8:17. Zadok the son of Achitob, and Achimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests: and Saraias was the scribe:

Scribe. . .Or secretary.

8:18. Banaias the son of Joiada was over the Cerethi and Phelethi: and the sons of David were the princes.

The Cerethi and Phelethi. . .The king's guards.--Ibid. Princes. . .Literally priests. (Cohen) So called, by a title of honor, and not from exercising the priestly functions.

2 Samuel Chapter 9

David's kindness to Miphiboseth for the sake of his father Jonathan.

9:1. David said: Is there any one, think you, left of the house of Saul, that I may show kindness to him for Jonathan's sake?
9:2. Now there was of the house of Saul, a servant named Siba: and when the king had called him to him, he said to him: Are you Siba? And he answered: I am Siba your servant.
9:3. The king said: Is there any one left of the house of Saul, that I may show the mercy of God unto Him? And Siba said to the king: There is a son of Jonathan left, who is lame of his feet.
9:4. Where is he? said he. And Siba said to the king: Behold he is in the house of Machir the son of Ammiel in Lodabar.
9:5. Then King David sent, and brought him out of the house of Machir the son of Ammiel of Lodabar.
9:6. When Miphiboseth the son of Jonathan the son of Saul was come to David, he fell on his face and worshipped. And David said: Miphiboseth? And he answered: Behold your servant.
9:7. David said to him: Fear not, for I will surely show you mercy for Jonathan your father's sake, and I will restore the lands of Saul the father, and you shall eat bread at my table always.
9:8. He bowed down to him, and said: Who am I your servant, that you shouldst look upon such a dead dog as I am?
9:9. Then the King called Siba the servant of Saul, and said to him: All that belonged to Saul, and all his house, I have given to your master's son.
9:10. You therefore and the sons and your servants shall till the land for him: and you shall bring in food for your master's son, that he may be maintained: and Miphiboseth the son of your master shall always eat bread at my table. And Siba had fifteen sons and twenty servants.
9:11. Siba said to the king: As you, my lord, have commanded your servant, so will your servant do: and Miphiboseth shall eat at my table, as one of the sons of the King.
9:12. Miphiboseth had a young son whose name was Micha: and all that kindred of the house of Siba served Miphiboseth.
9:13. But Miphiboseth dwelt in Jerusalem: because he ate always of the king's table: and he was lame of both feet.

2 Samuel Chapter 10

The Ammonites shamefully abuse the ambassadors of David: they hire the Syrians to their assistance: but are overthrown with their allies.

10:1. It came to pass after this, that the king of the children of Ammon died, and Hanon his son reigned in his stead.
10:2. David said: I will show kindness to Hanon the son of Daas, as his father showed kindness to me. So David sent his servants to comfort him for the death of his father. But when the servants of David were come into the land of the children of Ammon,
10:3. the princes of the children of Ammon said to Hanon their lord: Do you think that for the honor of your father, David has sent comforters to you, and has not David rather sent his servants to you to search, and spy into the city, and overthrow it?
10:4. Wherefore Hanon took the servants of David, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut away half of their garments and sent them away.
10:5. When this was told David, he sent to meet them: for the men were sadly put to confusion, and David commanded them, saying: Stay at Jericho, until your beards be grown, and then return.
10:6. The children of Ammon seeing that they had done an injury to David, sent and hired the Syrians of Rohob, and the Syrians of Soba, twenty thousand footmen, and of the king of Maacha a thousand men, and of Istob twelve thousand men.
10:7. When David heard this, he sent Joab and the whole army of warriors.
10:8. The children of Ammon came out, and set their men in array at the entering in of the gate: but the Syrians of Soba, and of Rohob, and of Istob, and of Maacha were by themselves in the field.
10:9. Then Joab seeing that the battle was prepared against him, both before and behind, chose of all the choice men of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians:
10:10. and the rest of the people he delivered to Abisai his brother, who set them in array against the children of Ammon.
10:11. Joab said: If the Syrians are too strong for me, then you shall help me, but if the children of Ammon are too strong for you, then I will help you.
10:12. Be of good courage, and let us fight for our people, and for the city of our God: and the Lord will do what is good in his sight.
10:13. Joab and the people that were with him, began to fight against the Syrians: and they immediately fled before him.
10:14. The children of Ammon seeing that the Syrians were fled, they fled also before Abisai, and entered into the city: and Joab returned from the children of Ammon, and came to Jerusalem.
10:15. Then the Syrians seeing that they had fallen before Israel, gathered themselves together.
10:16. Adarezer sent and fetched the Syrians, that were beyond the river, and brought over their army: and Sobach, the captain of the host of Adarezer, was their general.
10:17. When this was told David, he gathered all Israel together, and passed over the Jordan, and came to Helam: and the Syrians set themselves in array against David, and fought against him.
10:18. The Syrians fled before Israel, and David slew of the Syrians the men of seven hundred chariots, and forty thousand horsemen: and smote Sobach the captain of the army, who presently died.
10:19. All the kings that were auxiliaries of Adarezer, seeing themselves overcome by Israel, were afraid and fled away, eight and fifty thousand men before Israel. And they made peace with Israel: and served them, and all the Syrians were afraid to help the children of Ammon any more.

2 Samuel Chapter 11

David falls into the crime of adultery with Bathsheba: and not finding other means to conceal it, causes her husband Uriah to be slain. Then marries her, who bears him a son.

11:1. It came to pass at the return of the year, at the time when kings go forth to war, that David sent Joab and his servants with him, and all Israel, and they spoiled the children of Ammon, and besieged Rabba: but David remained in Jerusalem.
11:2. In the mean time it happened that David arose from his bed after noon, and walked upon the roof of the king's house: And he saw from the roof of his house a woman washing herself, over against him: and the woman was very beautiful.
11:3. The king sent, and inquired who the woman was. And it was told him, that she was Bethsabee the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hethite.
11:4. David sent messengers, and took her, and she came in to him, and he slept with her: and presently she was purified from her uncleanness:
11:5. She returned to her house having conceived. And she sent and told David, and said: I have conceived.
11:6. David sent to Joab, saying: Send me Uriah the Hethite. And Joab sent Uriah to David.
11:7. Uriah came to David. And David asked how Joab did, and the people, and how the war was carried on.
11:8. David said to Uriah: Go into your house, and wash your feet. Uriah went out from the king's house, and there went out after him a mess of meat from the king.
11:9. But Uriah slept before the gate of the king's house, with the other servants of his lord, and went not down to his own house.
And when the morning was come, David wrote a letter to Joab: and sent it by the hand of Uriah,...
2 Samuel 11:14
11:10. It was told David by some that said: Uriah went not to his house. And David said to Uriah: Did you not come from your journey? Why did you not go down to your house?
11:11. Uriah said to David: The ark of God and Israel and Judah dwell in tents, and my lord Joab and the servants of my lord abide upon the face of the earth: and shall I go into my house, to eat and to drink, and to sleep with my wife? By your welfare and by the welfare of your soul I will not do this thing.
11:12. Then David said to Uriah: Tarry here today, and tomorrow I will send you away. Uriah tarried in Jerusalem that day and the next.
11:13. David called him to eat and to drink before him, and he made him drunk: and he went out in the evening, and slept on his couch with the servants of his lord, and went not down into his house.
11:14. When the morning was come, David wrote a letter to Joab: and sent it by the hand of Uriah,
11:15. Writing in the letter: Set Uriah in the front of the battle, where the fight is strongest: and leave him, that he may be wounded and die.
11:16. Wherefore as Joab was besieging the city, he put Uriah in the place where he knew the bravest men were.
11:17. The men coming out of the city, fought against Joab, and there fell some of the people of the servants of David, and Uriah the Hethite was killed also.
11:18. Then Joab sent, and told David all things concerning the battle.
11:19. He charged the messenger, saying: When you have told all the words of the battle to the king,
11:20. If you see him to be angry, and he shall say: Why did you approach so near to the wall to fight? Did you not know that many darts are thrown from above off the wall?
11:21. Who killed Abimelech the son of Jerobaal? Did not a woman cast a piece of a millstone upon him from the wall and slew him in Thebes? Why did you go near the wall? You shall say: Your servant Uriah the Hethite is also slain.
11:22. So the messenger departed, and came and told David all that Joab had commanded him.
11:23. The messenger said to David: The men prevailed against us, and they came out to us into the field: and we vigorously charged and pursued them even to the gate of the city.
11:24. The archers shot their arrows at your servants from off the wall above: and some of the king's servants are slain, and your servant Uriah the Hethite is also dead.
11:25. David said to the messenger: Thus shall you say to Joab: Do not let this thing discourage you: for various is the event of war: and sometimes one, sometimes another is consumed by the sword: encourage your warriors against the city, and exhort them that you may overthrow it.
11:26. The wife of Uriah heard that Uriah her husband was dead, and she mourned for him.
11:27. The mourning being over, David sent and brought her into his house, and she became his wife, and she bore him a son: and this thing which David had done, was displeasing to the Lord.

2 Samuel Chapter 12

The Lord sent Nathan to David...
2 Samuel 12:1

Nathan's parable. David confesses his sin, and is forgiven: yet so as to be sentenced to most severe temporal punishments. The death of the child. The birth of Solomon. The taking of Rabbath.

12:1. The Lord sent Nathan to David: and when he was come to him, he said to him: There were two men in one city, the one rich, and the other poor.
12:2. The rich man had exceeding many sheep and oxen.
12:3. But the poor man had nothing at all but one little ewe lamb, which he had bought and nourished up, and which had grown up in his house together with his children, eating of his bread, and drinking of his cup, and sleeping in his bosom: and it was unto him as a daughter.
12:4. When a certain stranger was come to the rich man, he spared to take of his own sheep and oxen, to make a feast for that stranger, who was come to him, but took the poor man's ewe, and dressed it for the man that was come to him.
...the poor man had nothing at all but one little ewe lamb...
2 Samuel 12:3
12:5. David's anger being exceedingly kindled against that man, he said to Nathan: As the Lord lives, the man that has done this is a child of death.
12:6. He shall restore the ewe fourfold, because he did this thing, and had no pity.
12:7. Nathan said to David: You are the man. Thus says the Lord the God of Israel: I anointed you king over Israel, and I delivered you from the hand of Saul,
12:8. and gave you your master's house and your master's wives into your bosom, and gave you the house of Israel and Judah: and if these things be little, I shall add far greater things unto you.
12:9. Why therefore have you despised the word of the Lord, to do evil in my sight? You have killed Uriah the Hethite with the sword, and have taken his wife to be your wife, and have slain him with the sword of the children of Ammon.
12:10. Therefore the sword shall never depart from your house, because you have despised me, and have taken the wife of Uriah the Hethite to be your wife.
12:11. Thus says the Lord: Behold, I will raise up evil against you out of your own house, and I will take your wives before your eyes and give them to your neighbor, and he shall lie with your wives in the sight of this sun.

I will raise, etc. . .All these evils, inasmuch as they were punishments, came upon David by a just judgment of God, for his sin, and therefore God says, I will raise, etc.; but inasmuch as they were sins, on the part of Absalom and his associates, God was not the author of them, but only permitted them.

12:12. For you did it secretly: but I will do this thing in the sight of all Israel, and in the sight of the sun.
12:13. David said to Nathan: I have sinned against the Lord. Nathan said to David: The Lord also has taken away your sin: you shall not die.
Nathan returned to his house. The Lord also struck the child which the wife of Uriah had borne to David, and his life was despaired of.
2 Samuel 12:15
12:14. Nevertheless, because you have given occasion to the enemies of the Lord to blaspheme, for this thing, the child that is born to you, shall surely die.
Create a clean heart in me, O God ...
The repentance of King David
2 Samuel 12:20
Psalm 50:12
12:15. Nathan returned to his house. The Lord also struck the child which the wife of Uriah had borne to David, and his life was despaired of.
12:16. David besought the Lord for the child: and David kept a fast, and going in by himself lay upon the ground.
12:17. The ancients of his house came, to make him rise from the ground: but he would not, neither did he eat meat with them.
12:18. It came to pass on the seventh day that the child died: and the servants of David feared to tell him, that the child was dead. For they said: Behold when the child was yet alive, we spoke to him, and he would not hearken to our voice: how much more will he afflict himself if we tell him that the child is dead?
12:19. But when David saw his servants whispering, he understood that the child was dead: and he said to his servants: Is the child dead? They answered him, "He is dead."
12:20. Then David arose from the ground, and washed and anointed himself: and when he had changed his apparel, he went into the house of the Lord: and worshipped, and then he came into his own house, and he called for bread, and ate.
12:21. His servants said to him: What thing is this that you have done? you did fast and weep for the child, while it was alive, but when the child was dead, you did rise up, and eat bread.
12:22. He said: While the child was yet alive, I fasted and wept for him: for I said: Who knowswhether the Lord may not give him to me, and the child may live?
12:23. But now that he is dead, why should I fast? Shall I be able to bring him back any more? I shall go to him rather: but he shall not return to me.
12:24. David comforted Bethsabee his wife, and went in unto her, and slept with her: and she bore a son, and he called his name Solomon, and the Lord loved him.
12:25. He sent by the hand of Nathan the prophet, and called his name, Amiable to the Lord, because the Lord loved him.

Amiable to the Lord. . .Or, beloved of the Lord. In Hebrew, Jedidiah.

12:26. Joab fought against Rabbath of the children of Ammon, and laid close siege to the royal city.
12:27. Joab sent messengers to David, saying: I have fought against Rabbath, and the city of waters is about to be taken.

The city of waters. . .Rabbath the royal city of the Ammonites, was called the city of waters, from being encompassed with waters.

12:28. Now therefore gather you the rest of the people together, and besiege the city and take it: lest when the city shall be wasted by me, the victory be ascribed to my name.
12:29. Then David gathered all the people together, and went out against Rabbath: and after fighting, he took it.
12:30. He took the crown of their king from his head, the weight of which was a talent of gold, set with most precious stones, and it was put upon David's head, and the spoils of the city which were very great he carried away.
12:31. Bringing forth the people thereof he sawed them, and drove over them chariots armed with iron: and divided them with knives, and made them pass through brickkilns: so did he to all the cities of the children of Ammon: and David returned, with all the army to Jerusalem.

2 Samuel Chapter 13

Absalom kills Ammon, and flees to Gessur. ***

13:21. David would not afflict the spirit of his son Ammon, for he loved him, because he was his firstborn.
13:22. But Absalom spoke not to Ammon neither good nor evil: for Absalom hated Ammon *** .
13:23. It came to pass after two years, that the sheep of Absalom were shorn in Baalhasor, which is near Ephraim: and Absalom invited all the king's sons:
13:24. He came to the king, and said to him: Behold your servant's sheep are shorn. Let the king, I pray, with his servants come to his servant.
13:25. The king said to Absalom: Nay, my son, do not ask that we should all come, and be chargeable to you. When he pressed him, and he would not go, he blessed him.
13:26. Absalom said: If you will not come, at least let my brother Ammon, I beseech you, come with us. The king said to him: It is not necessary that he should go with you.
13:27. But Absalom pressed him, so that he let Ammon and all the king's sons go with him. Absalom made a feast as it were the feast of a king.
13:28. Absalom had commanded his servants, saying: Take notice when Ammon shall be drunk with wine, and when I shall say to you: Strike him, and kill him, fear not: for it is I that command you: take courage, and be valiant men.
13:29. The servants of Absalom did to Ammon as Absalom had commanded them. All the king's sons arose and got up every man upon his mule, and fled.
13:30. While they were yet in the way, a rumour came to David, saying: Absalom has slain all the king's sons, and there is not one them left.
13:31. Then the king rose up, and rent his garments: and fell upon the ground, and all his servants, that stood about him, rent their garments.
13:32. But Jonadab the son of Semmaa David's brother answering, said: Let not my lord the king think that all the king's sons are slain: Ammon only is dead, for he was appointed by the mouth of Absalom *** .
13:33. Now therefore let not my lord the king take this thing into his heart, saying: All the king's sons are slain: for Ammon only is dead.
13:34. But Absalom fled away: and the young man that kept the watch, lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold there came much people by a by-way on the side of the mountain.
13:35. Jonadab said to the king: Behold the king's sons are come: as your servant said, so it is.
13:36. When he made an end of speaking, the king's sons also appeared: and coming in they lifted up their voice, and wept: and the king also and all his servants wept very much.
13:37. But Absalom fled, and went to Tholomai the son of Ammiud the king of Gessur. David mourned for his son every day.
13:38. Absalom after he had fled, and had gone into Gessur, was there three years. King David ceased to pursue after Absalom, because he was comforted concerning the death of Ammon.

2 Samuel Chapter 14

Joab procures Absalom's return, and his admittance to the king's presence.

14:1. Joab the son of Sarvia, understanding that the king's heart was turned to Absalom,
14:2. sent to Thecua, and fetched from thence a wise woman: and said to her: Feign yourself to be a mourner, and put on mourning apparel, and be not anointed with oil, that you may be as a woman that had a long time been mourning for one dead.
14:3. You shall go in to the king, and shall speak to him in this manner. Joab put the words in her mouth.
14:4. When the woman of Thecua was come in to the king, she fell before him upon the ground, and worshipped, and said: Save me, O king.
14:5. The king said to her: What is the matter with you? She answered: Alas, I am a widow woman: for my husband is dead.
14:6. Your handmaid had two sons: and they quarrelled with each other in the field, and there was none to part them: and the one struck the other, and slew him.
14:7. Behold the whole kindred rising against your handmaid, says: Deliver him that has slain his brother, that we may kill him for the life of his brother, whom he slew, and that we may destroy the heir: and they seek to quench my spark which is left, and will leave my husband no name, nor remainder upon the earth.
14:8. The king said to the woman: Go to your house, and I will give charge concerning you.
14:9. The woman of Thecua said to the king: Upon me, my lord be the iniquity, and upon the house of my father: but may the king and his throne be guiltless.
14:10. The king said: If any one shall say ought against you, bring him to me, and he shall not touch you any more.
14:11. She said: Let the king remember the Lord his God, that the next of kin be not multiplied to take revenge, and that they may not kill my son. He said: As the Lord lives, there shall not one hair of your son fall to the earth.
14:12. The woman said: Let your hand maid speak one word to my lord the king. He said: Speak.
14:13. The woman said: Why have you thought such a thing against the people of God, and why has the king spoken this word, to sin, and not bring home again his own exile?
14:14. We all die, and like waters that return no more, we fall down into the earth: neither will God have a soul to perish, but recall, meaning that he that is cast off should not altogether perish.
14:15. Now therefore I have come, to speak this word to my lord the king before the people. Your handmaid said: I will speak to the king, it maybe the king will perform the request of his handmaid.
14:16. The king has hearkened to me to deliver his handmaid out of the hand of all that would destroy me and my son together out of the inheritance of God.
14:17. Then let your handmaid say, that the word of the Lord the king be made as a sacrifice. For even as an angel of God, so is my lord the king, that he is neither moved with blessing nor cursing: wherefore the Lord your God is also with you.
14:18. The king answering, said to the woman: Hide not from me the thing that I ask you. The woman said to him: Speak, my lord the king.
14:19. The king said: Is not the hand of Joab with you in all this? The woman answered, and said: By the health of your soul, my lord, O king, it is neither on the left hand, nor on the right, in all these things which my lord the king has spoken: for your servant Joab, he commanded me, and he put all these words into the mouth of your handmaid.
14:20. That I should come about with this form of speech, your servant Joab commanded this: but you, my lord, O king, are wise, according to the wisdom of an angel of God, to understand all things upon earth.
14:21. The king said to Joab: Behold I am appeased and have granted your request: Go therefore and fetch back the boy Absalom.
14:22. Joab falling down to the ground upon his face, adored, and blessed the king: and Joab said: This day your servant has understood, that I have found grace in your sight, my lord, O king: for you have fulfilled the request of your servant.

Blessed. . .That is, and gave thanks to the king.

14:23. Then Joab arose and went to Gessur, and brought Absalom to Jerusalem.
14:24. But the king said: Let him return into his house, and let him not see my face. So Absalom returned into his house, and saw not the king's face.
14:25. But in all Israel there was not a man so comely, and so exceedingly beautiful as Absalom: from the sole of the foot to the crown of his head there was no blemish in him.
14:26. When he polled his hair (now he was polled once a year, because his hair was burdensome to him) he weighed the hair of his head at two hundred sicles, according to the common weight.
14:27. There were born to Absalom three sons: and one daughter, whose name was Thamar, and she was very beautiful.
14:28. Absalom dwelt two years in Jerusalem, and saw not the king's face.
14:29. He sent therefore to Joab, to send him to the king: but he would not come to him. When he had sent the second time, and he would not come to him,
14:30. he said to his servants: You know the field of Joab near my field, that has a crop of barley: go now and set it on fire. So the servants of Absalom set the corn on fire. Joab's servants coming with their garments rent, said: The servants of Absalom have set part of the field on fire.
File:David Forgives Absalom - II Samuel 14 33.jpg
So Joab going in to the king, told him all: and Absalom was called for, and, he went in to the king: and prostrated himself on the ground before him: and the king kissed Absalom.
II Samuel 14:33
14:31. Then Joab arose, and came to Absalom to his house, and said: Why have your servants set my corn on fire?
14:32. Absalom answered Joab: I sent to you beseeching you to come to me, that I might send you to the king, to say to him: Wherefore am I come from Gessur? It had been better for me to be there: I beseech you therefore that I may see the face of the king: and if he be mindful of my iniquity, let him kill me.
14:33. So Joab going in to the king, told him all: and Absalom was called for, and, he went in to the king: and prostrated himself on the ground before him: and the king kissed Absalom.

2 Samuel Chapter 15

Absalom's policy and conspiracy. David is obliged to flee.

15:1. Now after these things Absalom made himself chariots, and horsemen, and fifty men to run before him.
15:2. Absalom rising up early stood by the entrance of the gate, and when any man had business to come to the king's judgment, Absalom called him to him, and said: Of what city are you? He answered, and said: Your servant is of such tribe of Israel.
15:3. Absalom answered him: Your words seem to me good and just. But there is no man appointed by the king to hear you. Absalom said:
15:4. O that they would make me judge over the land, that all that have business might come to me, that I might do them justice.
15:5. Moreover when any man came to him to salute him, he put forth his hand, and took him, and kissed him.
15:6. This he did to all Israel that came for judgment, to be heard by the king, and he enticed the hearts of the men of Israel.
15:7. After forty years, Absalom said to king David: Let me go, and pay my vows which I have vowed to the Lord in Hebron.
15:8. For your servant made a vow, when he was in Gessur of Syria, saying: If the Lord shall bring me again into Jerusalem, I will offer sacrifice to the Lord.
15:9. King David said to him: Go in peace. He arose, and went to Hebron.
15:10. Absalom sent spies into all the tribes of Israel, saying: As soon as you shall hear the sound of the trumpet, say: Absalom reigneth in Hebron.
15:11. Now there went with Absalom two hundred men out of Jerusalem that were called, going with simplicity of heart, and knowing nothing of the design.
15:12. Absalom also sent for Achitophel the Gilonite, David's counsellor, from his city Gilo. And while he was offering sacrifices, there was a strong conspiracy, and the people running together increased with Absalom.
15:13. There came a messenger to David, saying: All Israel with their whole heart followeth Absalom.
15:14. David said to his servants, that were with him in Jerusalem: Arise and let us flee: for we shall not escape else from the face of Absalom: make haste to go out, lest he come and overtake us, and bring ruin upon us, and smite the city with the edge of the sword.
15:15. The king's servants said to him: Whatsoever our lord the king shall command, we your servants will willingly execute.
15:16. The king went forth, and all his household on foot: and the king left ten women his concubines to keep the house:
15:17. The king going forth and all Israel on foot, stood afar off from the house:
15:18. All his servants walked by him, and the bands of the Cerethi, and the Phelethi, and all the Gethites, valiant warriors, six hundred men who had followed him from Geth on foot, went before the king.
15:19. The king said to Ethai the Gethite: Why comest you with us: return and dwell with the king, for you are a stranger, and are come out of your own place.
15:20. Yesterday you camest, and today shall you be forced to go forth with us? but I shall go whither I am going: return you, and take back your brethren with you, and the Lord will show you mercy, and truth, because you have shown grace and fidelity.
15:21. And Ethai answered the king, saying: As the Lord lives, and as my lord the king lives: in what place soever you shall be, my lord, O king, either in death, or in life, there will your servant be.
15:22. David said to Ethai: Come, and pass over. And Ethai the Gethite passed, and all the men that were with him, and the rest of the people.
15:23. They all wept with a loud voice, and all the people passed over: the king also himself went over the brook Cedron, and all the people marched towards the way that looketh to the desert.
15:24. Zadok the priest also came, and all the Levites with him carrying the ark of the covenant of God, and they set down the ark of God: and Abiathar went up, till all the people that was come out of the city had done passing.
15:25. The king said to Zadok: Carry back the ark of God into the city: if I shall find grace in the sight of the Lord, he will bring me again, and he will show me it, and his tabernacle.
15:26. But if he shall say to me: You pleasest me not: I am ready, let him do that which is good before him.
15:27. The king said to Zadok the priest: O seer, return into the city in peace: and let Achimaas your son, and Jonathan the son of Abiathar, your two sons, be with you.
15:28. Behold I will lie hid in the plains of the wilderness, till there come word from you to certify me.
15:29. So Zadok and Abiathar carried back the ark of God into Jerusalem: and they tarried there.
15:30. But David went up by the ascent of mount Olivet, going up and weeping, walking barefoot, and with his head covered, and all the people that were with them, went up with their heads covered weeping.

Weeping, etc. . .David on this occasion wept for his sins, which he knew were the cause of all his sufferings.

15:31. It was told David that Achitophel also was in the conspiracy with Absalom, and David said: Infatuate, O Lord, I beseech you, the counsel of Achitophel.
15:32. When David was come to the top of the mountain, where he was about to adore the Lord, behold Chusai the Arachite, came to meet him with his garment rent and his head covered with earth.
15:33. David said to him: If you come with me, you will be a burden to me:
15:34. But if you return into the city, and will say to Absalom: I am your servant, O king: as I have been your father's servant, so I will be your servant: you shall defeat the counsel of Achitophel.
15:35. You have with you Zadok, and soever you shall hear out of the king's house, you shall tell it to Zadok and Abiathar the priests.
15:36. There are with them their two sons Achimaas; the son of Zadok, and Jonathan the son of Abiathar: and you shall send by them to me every thing that you shall hear.
15:37. Then Chusai the friend of David went into the city, and Absalom came into Jerusalem.

2 Samuel Chapter 16

Siba brings provisions to David. Shimei curses him.

16:1. When David was a little past the top of the hill, behold Siba the servant of Miphiboseth came to meet him with two donkeys, laden with two hundred loaves of bread, and a hundred bunches of raisins, a hundred cakes of figs, and a vessel of wine.
16:2. The king said to Siba: What mean these things? And Siba answered: The donkeys are for the king's household to sit on: and the loaves and the figs for your servants to eat, and the wine to drink if any man be faint in the desert.
He threw stones at David, and at all the servants of king David: and all the people, and all the warriors walked on the right, and on the left side of the king.
II Samuel 16:6
16:3. The king said: Where is your master's son? And Siba answered the king: He remained in Jerusalem, saying: Today, will the house of Israel restore me the kingdom of my father.
16:4. The king said to Siba: I give you all that belonged to Miphiboseth. And Siba said: I beseech you let me find grace before you, my lord, O king.
16:5. King David came as far as Bahurim: and behold there came out from thence a man of the kindred of the house of Saul named Shimei, the son of Gera, and coming out he cursed as he went on,
16:6. He threw stones at David, and at all the servants of king David: and all the people, and all the warriors walked on the right, and on the left side of the king.
16:7. Thus said Shimei when he cursed the king: Come out, come out, you man of blood, and you man of Belial.
16:8. The Lord has repaid you for all the blood of the house of Saul: because you have usurped the kingdom in his stead, and the Lord has given the kingdom into the hand of Absalom your son: and behold your evils press upon you, because you are a man of blood.
16:9. Abisai the son of Sarvia said to the king: Why should this dead dog curse my lord the king? I will go, and cut off his head.
16:10. The king said: What have I to do with you, sons of Sarvia? Let him alone and let him curse: for the Lord has bid him curse David: and who is he that shall dare say, why has he done so?

Has bid him curse. . .Not that the Lord was the author of Shimei's sin, which proceeded purely from his own malice, and the abuse of his free will. But that knowing, and suffering his malicious disposition to break out on this occasion, he made use of him as his instrument to punish David for his sins.

16:11. The king said to Abisai, and to all his servants: Behold my son *** seeks my life: how much more now a son of Jemini? Let him alone that he may curse as the Lord has bidden him.
16:12. Perhaps the Lord may look upon my affliction, and the Lord may render me good for the cursing of this day.
16:13. David and his men with him went by the way. Shimei by the hill's side went over against him, cursing, and casting stones at him, and scattering earth.
16:14. The king and all the people with him came weary, and refreshed themselves there.
16:15. But Absalom and all his people came into Jerusalem, and Achitophel was with him.
16:16. When Chusai the Arachite, David's friend, was come to Absalom, he said to him: God save you, O king, God save you, O king.
16:17. Absalom said to him, Is this your kindness to your friend? Why wentest you not with your friend?
16:18. Chusai answered Absalom: Nay: for I will be his, whom the Lord has chosen, and all this people, and all Israel, and with him will I abide.
16:19. Besides this, whom shall I serve? is it not the king's son? as I have served your father, so will I serve you also.
16:20. Absalom said to Achitophel: Consult what we are to do.
16:23. Now the counsel of Achitophel, which he gave in those days, was as if a man should consult God: so was all the counsel of Achitophel, both when he was with David, and when he was with Absalom.

2 Samuel Chapter 17

Achitophel's counsel is defeated by Chusai: who sends intelligence to David. Achitophel hangs himself.

17:1. Achitophel said to Absalom: I will choose me twelve thousand men, and I will arise and pursue after David this night.
17:2. Coming upon him (for he is now weary, and weak handed) I will defeat him: and when all the people is put to flight that is with him, I will kill the king who will be left alone.
17:3. I will bring back all the people, as if they were but one man: for you seekest but one man: and all the people shall be in peace.
17:4. His saying pleased Absalom, and all the ancients of Israel.
17:5. But Absalom said: Call Chusai the Arachite, and let us hear what he also says.
17:6. When Chusai was come to Absalom, Absalom said to him: Achitophel has spoken after this manner: shall we do it or not? what counsel do you give?
17:7. Chusai said to Absalom: The counsel that Achitophel has given this time is not good.
A bear with its cubs
17:8. Again Chusai said: You know your father, and the men that with him, that they are very valiant, and bitter in their mind, a bear raging in the wood when her whelps are taken away: and father is a warrior, and will not lodge with the people.
17:9. Perhaps he now lies hidden in pits, or in some other place where he lies: and when any one shall fall at the first, every one that hears it shall say: There is a slaughter among the people that followed Absalom.
17:10. The most valiant man whose heart is as the heart of a lion, shall melt for fear: for all the people of Israel know your father to be a valiant man, and that all who are with him are valiant.
17:11. But this seems to me to be good counsel: Let all Israel be gathered to you, from Dan to Bersabee, as the sand of the sea which cannot be numbered: and you shall be in the midst of them.
17:12. We shall come upon him in what place soever he shall be found: and we shall cover him, as the dew falleth upon the ground, and we shall not leave of the men that are with him, not so much as one.
17:13. If he shall enter into any city, all Israel shall cast ropes round about that city, and we will draw it into the river, so that there shall not be found so much as one small stone thereof.
17:14. Absalom, and all the men of Israel said: The counsel of Chusai the Arachite is better than the counsel of Achitophel: and by the will of the Lord the profitable counsel of Achitophel was defeated, that the Lord might bring evil upon Absalom.
17:15. Chusai said to Zadok and Abiathar the priests: Thus and thus did Achitophel counsel Absalom, and the ancients of Israel: and thus and thus did I counsel them.
17:16. Now therefore send quickly, and tell David, saying: Tarry not this night in the plains of the wilderness, but without delay pass over: lest the king be swallowed up, and all the people that is with him.
17:17. Jonathan and Achimaas stayed by the fountain Rogel: and there went a maid and told them: and they went forward, to carry the message to king David, for they might not be seen, nor enter into the city.
17:18. But a certain boy saw them, and told Absalom: but they making haste went into the house of a certain man in Bahurim, who had a well in his court, and they went down into it.
17:19. A woman took, and spread a covering over the mouth of the well, as it were to dry sodden barley and so the thing was not known.
17:20. When Absalom's servants were come into the house, they said to the woman: Where is Achimaas and Jonathan? The woman answered them: They passed on in haste, after they had tasted a little water. But they that sought them, when they found them not, returned into Jerusalem.
17:21. When they were gone, they came up out of the well, and going on told king David, and said: Arise, and pass quickly over the river: for this manner of counsel has Achitophel given against you.
17:22. So David arose, and all the people that were with him, and they passed over the Jordan, until it grew light, and not one of them was left that was not gone over the river.
17:23. But Achitophel seeing that his counsel was not followed, saddled his donkey, and arose and went home to his house and to his city, and putting his house in order, hanged himself, and was buried in the sepulchre of his father.
17:24. But David came to the camp, and Absalom passed over the Jordan, he and all the men of Israel with him.

To the camp. . .The city of Mahanaim, the name of which, in Hebrew, signifies The camp. It was a city of note at that time, as appears from its having been chosen by Isboseth for the place of his residence.

17:25. Now Absalom appointed Amasa in Joab's stead over the army: and Amasa was the son of a man who was called Jethra, of Jezrael, who went in to Abigail the daughter of Naas, the sister of Sarvia who was the mother of Joab.
17:26. Israel camped with Absalom in the land of Galaad.
17:27. When David was come to the camp, Sobi the son of Naas of Rabbath of the children of Ammon, and Machir the son of Ammihel of Lodabar and Berzellai the Galaadite of Rogelim,
17:28. Brought him beds, and tapestry, and earthen vessels, and wheat, and barley, and meal, and parched corn, and beans, and lentils, and fried pulse,
17:29. and honey, and butter, and sheep, and fat calves, and they gave to David and the people that were with him, to eat: for they suspected that the people were faint with hunger and thirst in the wilderness.

2 Samuel Chapter 18

Absalom is defeated, and slain by Joab. David mourneth for him.

18:1. David, having reviewed his people, appointed over them captains of thousands and of hundreds,
18:2. and sent forth a third part of the people under the hand of Joab, and a third part under the hand of Abisai the son of Sarvia Joab's brother, and a third part under the hand of Ethai, who was of Geth: and the king said to the people: I also will go forth with you.
18:3. The people answered: You shall not go forth: for if we flee away, they will not much mind us: or if half of us should fall, they will not greatly care: for you alone are accounted for ten thousand: it is better therefore that you should be in the city to succor us.
... Absalom met the servants of David, riding on a mule: and as the mule went under a thick and large oak, his head stuck in the oak: and while he hung between the heaven and the earth, the mule on which he rode passed on.
2 Samuel 18:9
18:4. The king said to them: What seems good to you, that will I do. And the king stood by the gate: and all the people went forth by their troops, by hundreds and by thousands.
18:5. The king commanded Joab, and Abisai, and Ethai, saying: Save me the boy Absalom. All the people heard the king giving charge to all the princes concerning Absalom.
18:6. So the people went out into the field against Israel, and the battle was fought in the forest of Ephraim.
18:7. The people of Israel were defeated there by David's army, and a great slaughter was made that day of twenty thousand men.
18:8. The battle there was scattered over the face of all the country, and there were many more of the people whom the forest consumed, than whom the sword devoured that day.

Consumed. . .Viz., by pits and precipices.

18:9. It happened that Absalom met the servants of David, riding on a mule: and as the mule went under a thick and large oak, his head stuck in the oak: and while he hung between the heaven and the earth, the mule on which he rode passed on.
18:10. One saw this and told Joab, saying: I saw Absalom hanging upon an oak.
18:11. Joab said to the man that told him: If you saw him, why did you not stab him to the ground, and I would have given you ten sicles of silver, and a belt?
18:12. He said to Joab: If you would have paid down in my hands a thousand pieces of silver, I would not lay my hands upon the king's son for in our hearing the king charged you, and Abisai, and Ethai, saying: Save me the boy Absalom.
18:13. Yea and if I should have acted boldly against my own life, this could not have been hidden from the king, and would you have stood by me?
18:14. Joab said: Not as you will, but I will set upon him in your sight. So he took three lances in his hand, and thrust them into the heart of Absalom: and while he yet panted for life, sticking on the oak,
18:15. ten young men, armorbearers of Joab, ran up, and striking him slew him.
18:16. Joab sounded the trumpet, and kept back the people from pursuing after Israel in their flight, being willing to spare the multitude.
18:17. They took Absalom, and cast him into a great pit in the forest, and they laid an exceeding great heap of stones upon him: but all Israel fled to their own dwellings.
18:18. Now Absalom had reared up for himself, in his lifetime, a pillar, which is in the king's valley: for he said: I have no son, and this shall be the monument of my name. He called the pillar by his own name, and it is called the hand of Absalom, to this day.

No son. . .The sons mentioned above, chap. 14.27, were dead when this pillar was erected: unless we suppose he raised this pillar before they were born.

18:19. Ahimaaz, the son of Zadok said: I will run and tell the king, that the Lord has done judgment for him from the hand of his enemies.

Ahimaaz = Achimaas Cushite

18:20. Joab said to him: You shall not be the messenger this day, but shall bear tidings another day: this day I will not have you bear tidings, because the king's son is dead.
18:21. Joab said to a Cushite (Chusai): Go, and tell the king what you have seen. The Cushite bowed down to Joab, and ran.
18:22. Then Achimaas the son of Zadok said to Joab again: Why might not I also run after Chusai? Joab said to him: Why will you run, my son? You will not be the bearer of good tidings.
18:23. He answered: But what if I run? He said to him: Run. Then Ahimaaz running by a nearer way passed the Cushite.
...the watchman that was on the top of the gate upon the wall, lifting up his eyes, saw a man running alone.
2 Samuel 18:24
18:24. David sat between the two gates: and the watchman that was on the top of the gate upon the wall, lifting up his eyes, saw a man running alone.
18:25. Crying out he told the king: and the king said: If he be alone, there are good tidings in his mouth. As he was coming apace, and drawing nearer,
, went up to the high chamber over the gate, and wept.
2 Samuel 18:33
18:26. the watchman saw another man running, and crying aloud from above, he said: I see another man running alone. The king said: He also is a good messenger.
18:27. The watchman said: The running of the foremost seems to me like the running of Achimaas the son of Zadok. The king said: He is a good man: and comes with good news.
18:28. Achimaas crying out, said to the king: God save you, O king. Falling down before the king with his face to the ground, he said: Blessed be the Lord your God, who has shut up the men that have lifted up their hands against the lord my king.
As he went he spoke in this manner: My son Absalom, Absalom my son: would to God that I might die for you, Absalom my son, my son Absalom.
2 Samuel 18:33
18:29. The king said: Is the young man Absalom safe? Achimaas said: I saw a great tumult, O king, when your servant Joab sent me your servant: I know nothing else.
18:30. The king said to him: Pass, and stand here.
18:31. When he had passed, and stood still, Chusai appeared and coming up he said: I bring good tidings, my lord, the king, for the Lord has judged for you this day from the hand of all that have risen up against you.
18:32. The king said to Chusai: Is the young man Absalom safe? Chusai answering him, said: Let the enemies of my lord, the king, and all that rise against him unto evil, be as the young man is.
18:33. The king therefore being much moved, went up to the high chamber over the gate, and wept. As he went he spoke in this manner: My son Absalom, Absalom my son: would to God that I might die for you, Absalom my son, my son Absalom.

2 Samuel Chapter 19

David, at the remonstrances of Joab, ceases his mourning. He is invited back and met by Semei and Miphiboseth: a strife between the men of Judah and the men of Israel.

19:1. It was told Joab, that the king wept and mourned for his son:
19:2. and the victory that day was turned into mourning unto all the people: for the people heard say that day: The king grieves for his son.
19:3. The people shunned the going into the city that day as a people would do that has turned their backs, and fled away from the battle.
19:4. The king covered his head, and cried with a loud voice: O my son Absalom, O Absalom my son, O my son.
19:5. Then Joab going into the house to the king, said: You have shamed this day the faces of all your servants, that have saved your life, and the lives of your sons, and of your daughters, and the lives of your wives, and the lives of your concubines.
19:6. You love those who hate you, and you hate those who love you: and you have shown this day that you care not for your nobles, nor for your servants: and I now plainly perceive that if Absalom had lived, and all we had been slain, then it would have pleased you.
19:7. Now therefore arise, and go out, and speak to the satisfaction of your servants: for I swear to you by the Lord, that if you will not go forth, there will not tarry with you so much as one this night: and that will be worse to you, than all the evils that have befallen you from your youth until now.
19:8. Then the king arose and sat in the gate: and it was told to all the people that the king sat in the gate: and all the people came before the king, but Israel fled to their own dwellings.
19:9. All the people were at strife in all the tribes of Israel, saying: The king delivered us out of the hand of our enemies, and he saved us out of the hand of the Philistines: and now he has fled out of the land for Absalom.
19:10. But Absalom, whom we anointed over us, is dead in the battle: how long are you silent, and bring not back the king?
19:11. King David sent to Zadok, and Abiathar the priests, saying: Speak to the ancients of Judah, saying: Why are you the last to bring the king back to his house? (For the talk of all Israel was come to the king in his house.)
19:12. You are my brethren, you are my bone, and my flesh, why are you the last to bring back the king?
19:13. Say to Amasa: Are not you my bone, and my flesh? So do God to me and add more, if you be not the chief captain of the army before me always in the place of Joab.
19:14. He inclined the heart of all the men of Judah, as it were of one man: and they sent to the king, saying: Return you, and all your servants.
19:15. The king returned and came as far as the Jordan, and all Judah came as far as Galgal to meet the king, and to bring him over the Jordan.
19:16. Semei the son of Gera the son of Jemini of Bahurim, made haste and went down with the men of Judah to meet king David,
19:17. with a thousand men of Benjamin, and Siba the servant of the house of Saul: and his fifteen sons, and twenty servants were with him: and going over the Jordan,
19:18.They passed the fords before the king, that they might help over the king's household, and do according to his commandment. And Semei the son of Gera falling down before the king, when he was come over the Jordan,
19:19. Said to him: Impute not to me, my lord, the iniquity, nor remember the injuries of your servant on the day that you, my lord, the king, went out of Jerusalem, nor lay it up in your heart, O king.
19:20. For I your servant acknowledge my sin: and therefore I am come this day the first of all the house of Joseph, and am come down to meet my lord the king.
19:21. But Abisai the son of Sarvia answering, said: Shall Semei for these words not be put to death, because he cursed the Lord's anointed?
19:22. David said: What have I to do with you, sons of Sarvia? Why are you a satan this day to me? Shall there any man be killed this day in Israel? Do not I know that this day I am made king over Israel?
19:23. The king said to Semei: You shall not die. And he swore unto him.
19:24. Miphiboseth the son of Saul came down to meet the king, and he had neither washed his feet, nor trimmed his beard: nor washed his garments from the day that the king went out, until the day of his return in peace.
19:25. When he met the king at Jerusalem, the king said to him: Why did you not come with me, Miphiboseth?
19:26. He answering, said: My lord, O king, my servant despised me: for I your servant spoke to him to saddle me an donkey, that I might get on and go with the king: for I your servant am lame.
19:27. Moreover he has also accused me your servant to you, my lord the king: but you my lord the king are as an angel of God, do what pleases you.
19:28. For all of my father's house were no better than worthy of death before my lord the king; and you have set me your servant among the guests of your table: what just complaint therefore have I? Or what right to cry any more to the king?
19:29. Then the king said to him: Why should I speak to you any more? What I have said is determined: you and Siba divide the possessions.
19:30. Miphiboseth answered the king: Yea, let him take all, forasmuch as my lord the king is returned peaceably into his house.
19:31. Berzellai also the Galaadite coming down from Rogelim, brought the king over the Jordan, being ready also to wait on him beyond the river.
19:32. Now Berzellai the Galaadite was of a great age, that is to say, fourscore years old, and he provided the king with sustenance when he abode in the camp: for he was a man exceedingly rich.
19:33. The king said to Berzellai: Come with me that you may rest secure with me in Jerusalem.
19:34. Berzellai said to the king: How many are the days of the years of my life, that I should go up with the king to Jerusalem?
19:35. I am this day fourscore years old, are my senses quick to discern sweet and bitter? Or can meat or drink delight your servant? Or can I hear any more the voice of singing men and singing women? Why should your servant be a burden to my lord, the king?
19:36. I your servant will go on a little way from the Jordan with you: I need not this recompense.
19:37. But I beseech you let your servant return, and die in my own city, and be buried by the sepulchre of my father, and of my mother. But there is your servant Chamaam, let him go with you, my lord, the king, and do to him whatsoever seems good to you.
19:38. Then the king said to him: Let Chamaam go over with me, and I will do for him whatsoever shall please you, and all that you shall ask of me, you shall obtain.
19:39. When all the people and the king had passed over the Jordan, the king kissed Berzellai, and blessed him: and he returned to his own place.
19:40. So the king went on to Galgal, and Chamaam with him. Now all the people of Judah had brought the king over, and only half of the people of Israel were there.
19:41. Therefore all the men of Israel running together to the king, said to him: Why have our brethren the men of Judah stolen you away, and have brought the king and his household over the Jordan, and all the men of David with him?
19:42. All the men of Judah answered the men of Israel: Because the king is nearer to me: why are you angry for this matter? have we eaten any thing of the king's, or have any gifts been given us?
19:43. The men of Israel answered the men of Judah, and said: I have ten parts in the king more than you, and David belongs to me more than to you: why have you done me a wrong, and why was it not told to me first, that I might bring back my king? And the men of Judah answered more harshly than the men of Israel.

2 Samuel Chapter 20

Seba's rebellion. Amasa is slain by Joab. Abela is besieged, but upon the citizens casting over the wall the head of Seba, Joab departeth with all his army.

20:1. There happened to be there a man of Belial, whose name was Seba, the son of Bochri, a man of Jemini: and he sounded the trumpet, and said: We have no part in David, nor inheritance in the son of Isai: return to your dwellings, O Israel.
20:2. All Israel departed from David, and followed Seba the son of Bochri: but the men of Judah stuck to their king from the Jordan unto Jerusalem.
20:3. When the king was come into his house at Jerusalem, he took the ten women his concubines, whom he had left to keep the house, and put them inward, allowing them provisions: and he went not in unto them, but they were shut up unto the day of their death living in widowhood.
20:4. The king said to Amasa: Assemble to me all the men of Judah against the third day, and be you here present.
20:5. So Amasa went to assemble the men of Judah, but he tarried beyond the set time which the king had appointed him.
20:6. David said to Abisai: Now will Seba the son of Bochri do us more harm than did Absalom: take you therefore the servants of your lord, and pursue after him, lest he find fenced cities, and escape us.
20:7. So Joab's men went out with him, and the Cerethi and the Phelethi: and all the valiant men went out of Jerusalem to pursue after Seba the son of Bochri.
20:8. When they were at the great stone which is in Gabaon, Amasa coming met them. And Joab had on a close coat of equal length with his habit, and over it was girded with a sword hanging down to his flank, in a scabbard, made in such manner as to come out with the least motion and strike.
20:9. Joab said to Amasa: God save you, my brother. And he took Amasa by the chin with his right hand to kiss him.
20:10. But Amasa did not take notice of the sword, which Joab had, and he struck him in the side, and shed out his bowels to the ground, and gave him not a second wound, and he died. And Joab, and Abisai his brother pursued after Seba the son of Bochri.
20:11. In the mean time some men of Joab's company stopping at the dead body of Amasa, said: Behold he that would have been in Joab's stead the companion of David.
20:12. Amasa imbrued with blood, lay in the midst of the way. A certain man saw this that all the people stood still to look upon him, so he removed Amasa out of the highway into the field, and covered him with a garment, that they who passed might, not stop on his account.
20:13. When he was removed out of the way, all the people went on following Joab to pursue after Seba the son of Bochri.
20:14. Now he had passed through all the tribes of Israel unto Abela and Bethmaacha: and all the chosen men were gathered together unto him.

Abela and Bethmaacha. . .Cities of the tribe of Nephtali.

20:15. They came, and besieged him in Abela, and in Bethmaacha, and they cast up works round the city, and the city was besieged: and all the people that were with Joab, labored to throw down the walls.
20:16. A wise woman cried out from the city: Hear, hear, and say to Joab: Come near hither, and I will speak with you.
20:17. When he was come near to her, she said to him: Are you Joab? He answered: I am. She spoke thus to him: Hear the words of your handmaid. He answered: I do hear.
20:18. She again said: A saying was used in the old proverb: They that inquire, let them inquire in Abela: and so they made an end.
20:19. Am not I she that answer truth in Israel, and you seek to destroy the city, and to overthrow a mother in Israel? Why will you throw down the inheritance of the Lord?
20:20. Joab answering said: God forbid, God forbid that I should, I do not throw down, nor destroy.
20:21. The matter is not so, but a man of mount Ephraim, Seba the son of Bochri by name, has lifted up his hand against king David: deliver him only, and we will depart from the city. The woman said to Joab: Behold his head shall be thrown to you from the wall.
20:22. So she went to all the people, and spoke to them wisely: and they cut off the head of Seba the son of Bochri, and cast it out to Joab. He sounded the trumpet, and they departed from the city, every one to their home: and Joab returned to Jerusalem to the king.
20:23. So Joab was over all the army of Israel: and Banaias the son of Joiada was over the Cerethites and Phelethites,
20:24. But Aduram over the tributes: and Josaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder.
20:25. Siva was scribe: and Zadok and Abiathar, priests.
20:26. Ira the Jairite was the priest of David.

2 Samuel Chapter 21

Respha is now called Rizpah.

A famine of three years, for the sin of Saul against the Gabaonites, at whose desire seven of Saul's race are crucified. War again with the Philistines.

21:1. There was a famine in the days of David for three years successively: and David consulted the oracle of the Lord. The Lord said: It is for Saul, and his bloody house, because he slew the Gabaonites.
21:2. Then the king, calling for the Gabaonites, said to them: (Now the Gabaonites were not of the children of Israel, but the remains of the Amorrhites: and the children of Israel had sworn to them, and Saul sought to slay them out of zeal, as it were for the children of Israel and Judah:)
21:3. David therefore said to the Gabaonites: What shall I do for you? and what shall be the atonement or you, that you may bless the inheritance of the Lord?
21:4. The Gabaonites said to him: We have no contest about silver and gold, but against Saul and against his house: neither do we desire that any man be slain of Israel. The king said to them: What will you then that I should do for you?
... they crucified them .... and these seven died together in the first days of the harvest .... Rizpah ... took haircloth, and spread it under her upon the rock from the beginning of the harvest, till water dropped upon them out of heaven: and suffered neither the birds to tear them by day, nor the beasts by night.
2 Samuel 21:9-10
21:5. They said to the king: The man that crushed us and oppressed us unjustly, we must destroy in such manner that there be not so much as one left of his stock in all the coasts of Israel.
21:6. Let seven men of his children be delivered unto us, that we may crucify them to the Lord in Gabaa of Saul, once the chosen of the Lord. The king said: I will give them.
21:7. The king spared Miphiboseth the son of Jonathan the son of Saul, because of the oath of the Lord, that had been between David and Jonathan the son of Saul.
21:8. So the king took the two sons of Rizpah, the daughter of Aia, whom she bore to Saul, Armoni, and Miphiboseth: and the five sons of Michol the daughter of Saul, whom she bore to Hadriel the son of Berzellai, that was of Molathi:

Of Michol. . .They were the sons of Merob, who was married to Hadriel: but they are here called the sons of Michol, because she adopted them, and brought them up as her own.

21:9. and gave them into the hands of the Gabaonites: and they crucified them on a hill before the Lord: and these seven died together in the first days of the harvest, when the barley began to be reaped.
21:10. Rizpah, the daughter of Aia, took haircloth, and spread it under her upon the rock from the beginning of the harvest, until water dropped upon them out of heaven: and suffered neither the birds to tear them by day, nor the beasts by night.
21:11. It was told David, what Rizpah, the daughter of Aia, the concubine of Saul, had done.
Abisai, the son of Sarvia, rescued him, and striking the Philistine killed him. Then David's men swore unto him saying: You shall go no more out with us to battle, lest you put out the lamp of Israel.
2 Samuel 21:17
21:12. David went, and took the bones of Saul, and the bones of Jonathan his son from the men of Jabes Galaad, who had stolen them from the street of Bethsan, where the Philistines had hanged them when they had slain Saul in Gelboe.
21:13. He brought from thence the bones of Saul, and the bones of Jonathan his son, and they gathered up the bones of those who were crucified,
21:14. They buried them with the bones of Saul, and of Jonathan his son in the land of Benjamin, in the side, in the sepulchre of Cis his father: and they did all that the king had commanded, and God showed mercy again to the land after these things.
21:15. The Philistines made war again against Israel, and David went down, and his servants with him, and fought against the Philistines. And David growing faint,
21:16. Jesbibenob, who was of the race of Arapha, the iron of whose spear weighed three hundred ounces, being girded with a new sword, attempted to kill David.
21:17. Abisai the son of Sarvia rescued him, and striking the Philistine killed him. Then David's men swore unto him saying: You shall go no more out with us to battle, lest you put out the lamp of Israel.
21:18. There was also a second battle in Gob against the Philistines: then Sobochai of Husathi slew Saph of the race of Arapha of the family of the giants.
21:19. There was a third battle in Gob against the Philistines, in which Adeodatus the son of the Forrest an embroiderer of Bethlehem slew Goliath the Gethite, the shaft of whose spear was like a weaver's beam.

Adeodatus the son of the Forrest. . .So it is rendered in the Latin Vulgate, by giving the interpretation of the Hebrew names, which are Elhanan the son of Jaare.

21:20. A fourth battle was in Geth: where there was a man of great stature, that had six fingers on each hand, and six toes on each foot, four and twenty in all, and he was of the race of Arapha.
21:21. He reproached Israel: and Jonathan the son of Samae the brother of David slew him.
21:22. These four were born of Arapha in Geth, and they fell by the hand of David, and of his servants.

2 Samuel Chapter 22

King David's psalm of thanksgiving for his deliverance from all his enemies.

22:1. David spoke to the Lord the words of this canticle, in the day that the Lord delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies, and out of the hand of Saul,
22:2. and he said: The Lord is my rock, and my strength, and my savior.
22:3. God is my strong one, in him will I trust: my shield, and the horn of my salvation: he lifteth me up, and is my refuge: my savior, you will deliver me from iniquity.
22:4. I will call on the Lord who is worthy to be praised: and I shall be saved from my enemies.
22:5. For the pangs of death have surrounded me: the floods of Belial have made me afraid.
22:6. The cords of hell compassed me: the snares of death prevented me.
22:7. In my distress I will call upon the Lord, and I will cry to my God: and he will hear my voice out of his temple, and my cry shall come to his ears.
22:8. The earth shook and trembled, the foundations of the mountains were moved, and shaken, because he was angry with them.
22:9. A smoke went up from his nostrils, and a devouring fire out of his mouth: coals were kindled by it.
22:10. He bowed the heavens, and came down: and darkness was under his feet.
22:11. He rode upon the cherubims, and flew: and slid upon the wings of the wind.
22:12. He made darkness a covering round about him: dropping waters out of the clouds of the heavens.
22:13. By the brightness before him, the coals of fire were kindled.
22:14. The Lord shall thunder from heaven: and the most high shall give forth his voice.
22:15. He shot arrows and scattered them: lightning, and consumed them.
22:16. The overflowings of the sea appeared, and the foundations of the world were laid open at the rebuke of the Lord, at the blast of the spirit of his wrath.
22:17. He sent from on high, and took me, and drew me out of many waters.
22:18. He delivered me from my most mighty enemy, and from those who hated me: for they were too strong for me.
22:19. He prevented me in the day of my affliction, and the Lord became my stay.
22:20. He brought me forth into a large place, he delivered me, because I pleased him.
22:21. The Lord will reward me according to my justice: and according to the cleanness of my hands he will render to me.
22:22. Because I have kept the ways of the Lord, and have not wickedly departed from my God.
22:23. For all his judgments are in my sight: and his precepts I have not removed from me.
22:24. I shall be perfect with him: and shall keep myself from my iniquity.
22:25. The Lord will recompense me according to my justice: and according to the cleanness of my hands in the sight of his eyes.
22:26. With the holy one you will be holy: and with the valiant perfect.
22:27. With the elect you will be elect: and with the perverse you will be perverted.
22:28. The poor people you will save: and with your eyes you shall humble the haughty.
22:29. For you are my lamp O Lord: and you, O Lord, will enlighten my darkness.
22:30. For in you I will run girded: in my God I will leap over the wall.
22:31. God, his way is immaculate, the word of the Lord is tried by fire: he is the shield of all that trust in him.
22:32. Who is God but the Lord: and who is strong but our God?
22:33. God who has girded me with strength, and made my way perfect.
22:34. Making my feet like the feet of harts, and setting me upon my high places.
22:35. He teaches my hands to war: and maketh my arms like a bow of brass.
22:36. You have given me the shield of my salvation: and your mildness has multiplied me.
22:37. You shall enlarge my steps under me: and my ankles shall not fail.
22:38. I will pursue after my enemies, and crush them: and will not return again till I consume them.
22:39. I will consume them and break them in pieces, so that they shall not rise: they shall fall under my feet.
22:40. You have girded me with strength to battle: you have made those who resisted me to bow under me.
22:41. My enemies you have made to turn their back to me: those who hated me, and I shall destroy them.
22:42. They shall cry, and there shall be none to save: to the Lord, and he shall not hear them.
22:43. I shall beat them as small as the dust of the earth: I shall crush them and spread them abroad like the mire of the streets.
22:44. You will save me from the contradictions of my people: you will keep me to be the head of the Gentiles: the people which I know not, shall serve me,
22:45. The sons of the stranger will resist me, at the hearing of the ear they will obey me.
22:46. The strangers are melted away, and shall be straitened in their distresses.
22:47. The Lord lives, and my God is blessed: and the strong God of my salvation shall be exalted:
22:48. God who giveth me revenge, and bringest down people under me,
22:49. Who bringest me forth from my enemies, and liftest me up from those who resist me: from the wicked man you shall deliver me.
22:50. Therefore will I give thanks to you, O Lord, among the Gentiles, and will sing to your name.
22:51. Giving great salvation to his king, and showing mercy to David his anointed, and to his seed forever.

2 Samuel Chapter 23

The last words of David. A catalogue of his valiant men.

23:1. Now these are David's last words. David the son of Isai said: The man to whom it was appointed concerning the Christ of the God of Jacob, the excellent psalmist of Israel said:
23:2. The spirit of the Lord has spoken by me and his word by my tongue.
23:3. The God of Israel said to me, the strong one of Israel spoke, the ruler of men, the just ruler in the fear of God.
23:4. As the light of the morning, when the sun riseth, shineth in the morning without clouds, and as the grass springs out of the earth by rain.

As the light, etc. . .So shall be the kingdom of Christ.

23:5. Neither is my house so great with God, that he should make with me an eternal covenant, firm in all things and assured. For he is all my salvation, and all my will: neither is there ought thereof that springs not up.

Neither is my house, etc. . .As if he should say: This everlasting covenant was not due to my house: but purely owing to his bounty; who is all my salvation, and my will: that is, who has always saved me, and granted me what I beseeched of him; so that I and my house, through his blessing, have sprung up, and succeeded in all things.

23:6. But transgressors shall all of them be plucked up as thorns: which are not taken away with hands.
23:7. And if a man will touch them, he must be armed with iron and with the staff of a lance: but they shall be set on fire and burnt to nothing.
23:8. These are the names of the valiant men of David: Jesbaham sitting in the chair was the wisest chief among the three, he was like the most tender little worm of the wood, who killed eight hundred men at one onset.

Jesbaham. . .The son of Hachamoni. For this was the name of this hero, as appears from 1 Chron. or Paralip. 11.--Ibid. Most tender, etc. . .He appeared like one tender and weak, but was indeed most valiant and strong. It seems the Latin has here given the interpretation of the Hebrew name of the hero, to whom Jesbaham was like, instead of the name itself, which was Adino the Eznite, one much renowned of old for his valor.

23:9. After him was Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, one of the three valiant men that were with David when they defied the Philistines, and they were there gathered together to battle.

Dodo. . .In Latin, Patrui ejus, which is the interpretation of the Hebrew name Dodo. The same occurs in ver. 24.

23:10. When the men of Israel were gone away, he stood and smote the Philistines till his hand was weary, and grew stiff with the sword: and the Lord wrought a great victory that day: and the people that were fled away, returned to take spoils of those who were slain.
23:11. After him was Semma the son of Age of Arari. And the Philistines were gathered together in a troop: for there was a field full of lentils. And when the people were fled from the face of the Philistines,
23:12. He stood in the midst of the field, and defended it, and defeated the Philistines: and the Lord gave a great victory.
And the three valiant men broke through the camp of the Philistines, and drew water out of the cistern of Bethlehem, that was by the gate, and brought it to David: but he would not drink, but offered it to the Lord,
2 Samuel 23:16
23:13. Moreover also before this the three who were princes among the thirty, went down and came to David in the harvest time into the cave of Odollam: and the camp of the Philistines was in the valley of the giants.
23:14. David was then in a hold: and there was a garrison of the Philistines then in Bethlehem.
23:15. [King David|David]] longed, and said: O that some man would get me a drink of the water out of the cistern, that is in Bethlehem, by the gate.
23:16. The three valiant men broke through the camp of the Philistines, and drew water out of the cistern of Bethlehem, that was by the gate, and brought it to David: but he would not drink, but offered it to the Lord,
...he slew the two lions of Moab...
2 Samuel 23:20
23:17. Saying: The Lord be merciful to me, that I may not do this: shall I drink the blood of these men that went, and the peril of their lives? therefore he would not drink. These things did these three mighty men.
23:18. Abisai also the brother of Joab, the son of Sarvia, was chief among three: and he lifted up his spear against three hundred whom he slew, and he was renowned among the three,
23:19. and the noblest of three, and was their chief, but to the three first he attained not.
23:20. Banaias the son of Joiada a most valiant man, of great deeds, of Cabseel: he slew the two lions of Moab, and he went down, and slew a lion in the midst of a pit, in the time of snow.
23:21. He also slew an Egyptian, a man worthy to be a sight, having a spear in his hand: but he went down to him with a rod, and forced the spear out of the hand of the Egyptian, and slew him with his own spear.
23:22. These things did Banaias the son of Joiada.
23:23. He was renowned among the three valiant men, who were the most honorable among the thirty: but he attained not to the first three: and David made him of his privy council.
23:24. Asael the brother of Joab was one of the thirty, Elehanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem.
23:25. Semma of Harodi, Elica of Harodi,
23:26. Heles of Phalti, Hira the son of Acces of Thecua,
23:27. Abiezer of Anathoth, Mobonnai of Husati,
23:28. Selmon the Ahohite, Maharai the Netophathite,
23:29. Heled the son of Baana, also a Netophathite, Ithai the son of Ribai of Gabaath of the children of Benjamin,
23:30. Banaia the Pharathonite, Heddai of the torrent Gaas,
23:31. Abialbon the Arbathite, Azmaveth of Beromi,
23:32. Eliaba of Salaboni. The sons of Jassen, Jonathan,
23:33. Semma of Orori, Aliam the son of Sarar the Arorite,
23:34. Eliphelet the son of Aasbai the son of Machati, Eliam the son of Achitophel the Gelonite,
23:35. Hesrai of Carmel, Pharai of Arbi,
23:36. Igaal the son of Nathan of Soba, Bonni of Gadi,
23:37. Selec of Ammoni, Naharai the Berothite, armorbearer of Joab the son of Sarvia,
23:38. Ira the Jethrite, Gareb also a Jethrite;
23:39. Uriah the Hethite, thirty-seven in all.

2 Samuel Chapter 24

The king said to Joab the general of his army: Go through all the tribes of Israel from Dan to Bersabee, and number the people that I may know the number of them.
II Samuel 24:1-4

David numbers the people: God sends a pestilence, which is stopped by David's prayer and sacrifice.

24:1. The anger of the Lord was again kindled against Israel, and stirred up David among them, saying: Go, number Israel and Judah.

Stirred up, etc. . .This stirring up was not the doing of God, but of Satan; as it is expressly declared, 1 Chron. or Paralip. 21.1.

24:2. The king said to Joab the general of his army: Go through all the tribes of Israel from Dan to Bersabee, and number the people that I may know the number of them.
24:3. Joab said to the king: The Lord your God increase your people, and make them as many more as they are now, and again multiply them a hundredfold in the sight of my lord the king: but what means my lord the king by this kind of thing?
24:4. But the king's words prevailed over the words of Joab, and of the captains of the army: and Joab, and the captains of the soldiers went out from the presence of the king, to number the people of Israel.
24:5. When they had passed the Jordan, they came to Aroer to the right side of the city, which is in the vale of Gad.
24:6. By Jazer they passed into Galaad, and to the lower land of Hodsi, and they came into the woodlands of Dan. And going about by Sidon,
24:7. They passed near the walls of Tyre, and all the land of the Hevite, and the Chanaanite, and they came to the south of Judah into Bersabee:
24:8. and having gone through the whole land, after nine months and twenty days, they came to Jerusalem.
24:9. Joab gave up the sum of the number of the people to the king, and there were found of Israel eight hundred thousand valiant men that drew the sword: and of Judah five hundred thousand fighting men.
King David repents
24:10. But David's heart struck him, after the people were numbered: and David said to the Lord: I have sinned very much in what I have done: but I pray you, O Lord, to take away the iniquity of your servant, because I have done exceeding foolishly.

David's heart struck him, after the people were numbered. . .That is he was touched with a great remorse for the vanity and pride which had put him upon numbering the people.

24:11. David arose in the morning, and the word of the Lord came to Gad the prophet and the seer of David, saying:
24:12. Go, and say to David: Thus says the Lord: I give you your choice of three things, choose one of them which you will, that I may do it to you.
24:13. When Gad was come to David, he told him, saying: Either seven years of famine shall come to you in your land: or you shall flee three months before your adversaries, and they shall pursue you: or for three days there shall be a pestilence in your land. Now therefore deliberate, and see what answer I shall return to him that sent me.
David said to the Lord, when he saw the angel striking the people: It is I; I am he that have sinned, I have done wickedly: these that are the sheep, what have they done? let your hand, I beseech you, be turned against me, and against my father's house.
II Samuel 24:17
24:14. David said to Gad: I am in a great strait: but it is better that I should fall into the hands of the Lord (for his mercies are many) than into the hands of men.
24:15. The Lord sent a pestilence upon Israel, from the morning unto the time appointed, and there died of the people from Dan to Bersabee seventy thousand men.
24:16. When the angel of the Lord had stretched out his hand over Jerusalem to destroy it, the Lord had pity on the affliction, and said to the angel that slew the people: It is enough: now hold your hand. And the angel of the Lord was by the thrashingfloor of Areuna the Jebusite.
David said to him: Give me this place of thy threshing floor, that I may build therein an altar to the Lord: but thou shalt take of me as much money as it is worth, that the plague may cease from the people.
II Samuel 24:21
24:17. David said to the Lord, when he saw the angel striking the people: It is I; I am he that have sinned, I have done wickedly: these that are the sheep, what have they done? let your hand, I beseech you, be turned against me, and against my father's house.
24:18. Gad came to David that day, and said: Go up, and build an altar to the Lord in the thrashingfloor of Areuna the Jebusite.
24:19. David went up according to the word of Gad which the Lord had commanded him.
24:20. Areuna looked, and saw the king and his servants coming towards him:
24:21. and going out he worshipped the king, bowing with his face to the earth, and said: Wherefore is my lord the king come to his servant? David said to him: To buy the threshing floor of you, and build an altar to the Lord, that the plague, which rages among the people, may cease.
24:22. Areuna said to David: Let my lord the king take, and offer, as it seems good to him: you have here oxen for a holocaust, and the wain, and the yokes of the oxen for wood.
24:23. All these things Areuna as a king gave to the king: and Areuna said to the king: The Lord your God receive your vow.
David built there an altar to the Lord, and offered holocausts and peace offerings: and the Lord became merciful to the land, and the plague was stayed from Israel.
II Samuel 24:25
24:24. The king answered him, and said: Nay, but I will buy it of you, at a price, and I will not offer to the Lord my God holocausts free cost. So David bought the floor, and the oxen, for fifty sicles of silver:
24:25. David built there an altar to the Lord, and offered holocausts and peace offerings: and the Lord became merciful to the land, and the plague was stayed from Israel.

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