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Cru`ci*fix"ion (kr`s-fk"shn), n.
1. The act of nailing or fastening a person to a cross, for the purpose of putting him to death; the use of the cross as a method of capital punishment.
2. The state of one who is nailed or fastened to a cross; death upon a cross.
3. Intense suffering or affliction; painful trial.
Do ye prove what crucifixions are in love. Herrick.
---excerpt from the Illustrated Bible Dictionary.
Category:Crucifixion - A common mode of punishment among heathen nations in early times. It is not certain whether it was known among the ancient Jews; probably it was not. The modes of capital punishment according to the Mosaic law were, by the sword (Exodus 21), strangling, fire (Leviticus 20), and stoning (Deuteronomy 21). This was regarded as the most horrible form of death, and to a Jew it would acquire greater horror from the curse in Deuteronomy 21:23. This punishment began by subjecting the sufferer to scourging. In the case of our Lord, however, His scourging was rather before the sentence was passed upon Him, and was inflicted by Pilate for the purpose, probably, of exciting pity and procuring His escape from further punishment (Luke 23:22; John 19:1). The condemned one carried his own cross to the place of execution, which was outside the city, in some conspicuous place set apart for the purpose. Before the nailing to the cross took place, a medicated cup of vinegar mixed with gall and myrrh (the sopor) was given, for the purpose of deadening the pangs of the sufferer. Our Lord refused this cup, that His senses might be clear ( Matthew 27:34 ). The sponger of vinegar, sour wine, posca, the common drink of the Roman soldiers, which was put on a hyssop stalk and offered to our Lord in contemptuous pity ( Matthew 27:48 ; Luke 23:36), He tasted to allay the agonies of His thirst (John 19:29). The accounts given of the crucifixion of our Lord are in entire agreement with the customs and practices of the Roman in such cases. He was crucified between two "malefactors" (Isaiah 53:12; Luke 23:32), and was watched by a party of four soldiers (John 19:23; Matthew 6:20 27:36, Matthew 27:54), with their centurion. The "breaking of the legs" of the malefactors was intended to hasten death, and put them out of misery (John 19:31); but the unusual rapidity of our Lord's death (John 19:33) was due to His previous sufferings and His great mental anguish. The omission of the breaking of His legs was the fulfillment of a type (Exodus 12:46). He literally died of a broken heart, a ruptured heart, and hence the flowing of blood and water from the wound made by the soldier's spear (John 19:34). Our Lord uttered seven memorable words from the cross, namely,
(1.) Luke 23:34;
(2.) Luke 23:43;
(3.) John 19:26;
(4.) Matthew 27:46 , Mark 15:34;
(5.) John 19:28;
(6.) John 19:30;
(7.) Luke 23:46.
1. Jesus is condemned to death
2. Jesus carries His Cross
3. Jesus falls the first time
4. Jesus meets His Mother
5. Simon of Cyrene helps Jesus to carry the Cross
6. Veronica wipes the face of Jesus
7. Jesus falls the second time
8. Jesus meets the women of Jerusalem
9. Jesus falls the third time
10. Jesus' clothes are taken away
11. Crucifixion: Jesus is nailed to the Cross
12. Jesus dies on the Cross
13. Jesus is taken down from the Cross
14. Jesus is laid in the tomb
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Media in category "Crucifixion"
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