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Earth, n. Etym: [AS. eor; akin to OS. ertha, OFries. irthe, D. aarde, OHG. erda, G. erde, Icel. jör, Sw. & Dan. jord, Goth. airpa, OHG. ero, Gr. ear to plow.]
1. The globe or planet which we inhabit; the world, in distinction
from the sun, moon, or stars. Also, this world as the dwelling place of mortals, in distinction from the dwelling place of spirits.
That law preserves the earth a sphere And guides the planets in their course. S. Rogers.
In heaven, or earth, or under earth,... Milton.
2. The solid materials which make up the globe, in distinction from the air or water; the dry land.
God called the dry land earth. Genesis 1:10.
He is pure air and fire, and the dull elements of earth and water never appear in him. Shak.
3. The softer inorganic matter composing part of the surface of the
globe, in distinction from the firm rock; soil of all kinds,
including gravel, clay, loam, and the like; sometimes, soil favorable to the growth of plants; the visible surface of the globe; the ground; as, loose earth; rich earth.
Give him a little earth for charity. Shak.
4. A part of this globe; a region; a country; land.
Would I had never trod this English earth. Shak.
5. Worldly things, as opposed to spiritual things; the pursuits,
interests, and allurements of this life.
Our weary souls by earth beguiled. Keble.
6. The people on the globe.
The whole earth was of one language. Genesis 11:1.
(a) Any earthy-looking metallic oxide, as alumina, glucina, zirconia, yttria, and thoria.
(b) A similar oxide, having a slight alkaline reaction, as lime, magnesia, strontia, baryta.
8. A hole in the ground, where an animal hides himself; as, the earth of a fox. Macaulay.
They [ferrets] course the poor conies out of their earths. Holland.
Note: Earth is used either adjectively or in combination to form
compound words; as, earth apple or earth-apple; earth metal or earth-
metal; earth closet or earth-closet. Adamic earth, Bitter earth, Bog
earth, Chian earth, etc. See under Adamic, Bitter, etc.
-- Alkaline earths. See under Alkaline.
-- Earth apple. (Bot.)
(a) A potato.
(b) A cucumber.
-- Earth auger, a form of auger for boring into the ground; -- called also earth borer.
-- Earth bath, a bath taken by immersing the body in earth for healing purposes.
-- Earth battery (Physics), a voltaic battery the elements of which are buried in the
earth to be acted on by its moisture.
-- Earth chestnut, the pignut.
-- Earth closet, a privy or commode provided with dry earth or a similar substance for
covering and deodorizing the bodily discharges.
-- Earth dog (Zoöl.), a dog that will dig in the earth, or enter holes of foxes, etc.
-- Earth hog, Earth pig (Zoöl.), the aardvark.
-- Earth hunger, an intense desire to own land, or, in the case of nations, to extend
-- Earth light (Astron.), the light reflected by the earth, as upon the moon, and corresponding to moonlight;
-- called also earth shine. Sir J. Herschel.
-- Earth metal. See 1st Earth,
7. (Chem.) -- Earth oil, petroleum.
-- Earth pillars or pyramids (Geol.), high pillars or pyramids of earth, sometimes
capped with a single stone, found in Switzerland. Lyell.
-- Earth pitch (Min.), mineral tar, a kind of asphaltum.
-- Earth quadrant, a fourth of the earth's circumference.
-- Earth table (Arch.), the lowest course of stones visible in a building; the ground table.
-- On earth, an intensive expression, oftenest used in questions and exclamations; as,
What on earth shall I do? Nothing on earth will satisfy him. [Colloq.]
Earth, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Earthed; p. pr. & vb. n. Earthing.]
1. To hide, or cause to hide, in the earth; to chase into a burrow or den.
"The fox is earthed." Dryden.
2. To cover with earth or mold; to inter; to bury; -- sometimes with up.
The miser earths his treasure, and the thief,
Watching the mole, half beggars him ere noon. Young.
Why this in earthing up a carcass R. Blair.
Earth, v. i.
Defn: To burrow. Tickell.
Earth, n. Etym: [From Ear to plow.]
Defn: A plowing. [Obs.]
Such land as ye break up for barley to sow,
Two earths at the least, ere ye sow it, bestow. Tusser.
---excerpt from the Illustrated Bible Dictionary.
(1.) In the sense of soil or ground, the translation of the word adamah' . In Genesis 9:20 "husbandman" is literally "man of the ground or earth." Altars were to be built of earth (Exodus 20:24). Naaman asked for two mules' burden of earth (2 Kings 5:17), under the superstitious notion that Jehovah, like the gods of the heathen, could be acceptably worshipped only on his own soil.
(2.) As the rendering of 'erets , it means the whole world (Genesis 1:2); the land as opposed to the sea (Genesis 1:10). 'Erets also denotes a country (Genesis 21:32); a plot of ground (Genesis 23:15); the ground on which a man stands (Genesis 33:3); the inhabitants of the earth (Genesis 6:1; Genesis 11:1); all the world except Israel (2 Chronicles 13:9). In the New Testament "the earth" denotes the land of Judea (Matthew 23:35); also things carnal in contrast with things heavenly (John 3:31; Colossians 3:1, Colossians 3:2).
The word "Earth" in other languages.
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