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The Goat is a domestic herbivore. It is among the earliest domesticated animals. The major contributor of modern goats is the Bezoar goat, which inhabits the mountains of Asia Minor across the Middle East to Sind. Goats easily revert to a feral condition, with cats being the only other domestic species to revert to a feral state as rapidly.
Goat, n. Etym: [OE goot, got, gat, AS. gat; akin to D. geit, OHG. geiz, G. geiss, Icel. geit, Sw. get, Dan. ged, Goth. gaits, L. haedus a young goat, kid.] (Zoöl.)
Defn: A hollow-horned ruminant of the genus Capra, of several species and varieties, esp. the domestic goat (C. hircus), which is raised for its milk, flesh, and skin.
Note: The Cashmere and Angora varieties of the goat have long, silky
hair, used in the manufacture of textile fabrics. The wild or bezoar
goat (Capra ægagrus), of Asia Minor, noted for the bezoar stones
found in its stomach, is supposed to be one of the ancestral species
ofthe domestic goat. The Rocky Montain goat (Haplocercus montanus) is
more nearly related to the antelopes. See Mazame. Goat antelope
(Zoöl), one of several species of antelopes, which in some respects
resemble a goat, having recurved horns, a stout body, large hoofs,
and a short, flat tail, as the goral, thar, mazame, and chikara.
-- Goat fig (Bot.), the wild fig.
-- Goat house. (a) A place for keeping goats. (b) A brothel. [Obs.]
-- Goat moth (Zoöl.), any moth of the genus Cossus, esp. the large European species (C. ligniperda), the larva of which burrows in oak and willow trees, and requires three years to mature. It exhales an odor like that of the he-goat.
-- Goat weed (Bot.), a scrophulariaceous plant, of the genus Capraria (C. biflora).
-- Goat's bane (Bot.), a poisonous plant (Aconitum Lucoctonum), bearing pale yellow flowers, introduced from Switzerland into England; wolfsbane.
-- Goat's beard (Bot.), a plant of the genus Tragopogon; -- so named from the long silky beard of the seeds. One species is the salsify or oyster plant.
-- Goat's foot (Bot.), a kind of wood sorrel (Oxalis caprina) growing at the Cape of Good Hope.
-- Goat's rue (Bot.), a leguminous plant (Galega officinalis of Europe, or Tephrosia Virginiana in the United States).
-- Goat's thorn (Bot.), a thorny leguminous plant (Astragalus Tragacanthus), found in the Levant.
-- Goat's wheat (Bot.), the genus Tragopyrum (now referred to Atraphaxis).
---excerpt from the Illustrated Bible Dictionary
Goat - (1.) Heb. 'ez , the she-goat (Genesis 15:9; Genesis 30:35; Genesis 31:38). This Hebrew word is also used for the he-goat (Exodus 12:5; Leviticus 4:23; Numbers 28:15), and to denote a kid (Genesis 38:17, Genesis 38:20). Hence it may be regarded as the generic name of the animal as domesticated. It literally means "strength," and points to the superior strength of the goat as compared with the sheep.
(2.) Heb. 'attud , only in plural; rendered "rams" (Genesis 31:10, Genesis 31:12); he-goats (Numbers 7:17-88; Isaiah 1:11); goats (Deuteronomy 32:14; Psalms 50:13). They were used in sacrifice (Psalms 66:15). This word is used metaphorically for princes or chiefs in Isaiah 14:9, and in Zechariah 10:3 as leaders. (Compare Jeremiah 50:8.)
(3.) Heb. gedi , properly a kid. Its flesh was a delicacy among the Hebrews (Genesis 27:9, Genesis 27:14, Genesis 27:17; Judges 6:19).
(4.) Heb. sa'ir , meaning the "shaggy," a hairy goat, a he-goat (2 Chronicles 29:23); "a goat" (Leviticus 4:24); "satyr" (Isaiah 13:21); "devils" (Leviticus 17:7). It is the goat of the sin-offering (Leviticus 9:3, Leviticus 9:15; Leviticus 10:16).
(5.) Heb. tsaphir , a he-goat of the goats (2 Chronicles 29:21). In Daniel 8:5, Daniel 8:8 it is used as a symbol of the Macedonian empire.
(6.) Heb. tayish , a "striker" or "butter," rendered "he-goat" (Genesis 30:35; Genesis 32:14).
(7.) Heb. 'azazel (q.v.), the "scapegoat" (Leviticus 16:8, Leviticus 16:10, Leviticus 16:26).
(8.) There are two Hebrew words used to denote the undomesticated goat: Yael, only in plural mountain goats (1 Samuel 24:2; Job 39:1; Psalms 104:18). It is derived from a word meaning "to climb." It is the ibex, which abounded in the mountainous parts of Moab. And 'akko , only in Deuteronomy 14:5, the wild goat. Goats are mentioned in the New Testament in Matthew 25:32, Matthew 25:33; Hebrews 9:12, Hebrews 9:13, Hebrews 9:19; Hebrews 10:4. They represent oppressors and wicked men (Ezekiel 34:17; Ezekiel 39:18; Matthew 25:33). Several varieties of the goat were familiar to the Hebrews. They had an important place in their rural economy on account of the milk they afforded and the excellency of the flesh of the kid. They formed an important part of pastoral wealth (Genesis 31:10, Genesis 31:12; Genesis 32:14; 1 Samuel 25:2).
In other languages, the word for "goat" is:
|Altai Mountain Goat||Wool, Meat||Russia|
|American Cashmere||Wool (Cashmere)|
|Anatolian Black Goat||Dairy, Wool, Meat||Turkey|
|Anglo-Nubian (Nubian)||Dairy, Meat, Leather||England|
|Angora Goat||Wool (Mohair), Meat||Angora (Asia Minor)|
|Arapawa Island Goat||Dairy||England, New Zealand|
|Australian Goat||Meat, Leather||Australia|
|Beetal||Dairy, Meat||Pakistan and India|
|Bhuj||Dairy, Meat||Brazil, India|
|Black Bengal||Dairy, Meat||Bangladesh|
|Booted Goat||Dairy, Meat, Fleece||Switzerland|
|Brown Shorthair Goat||Dairy||Germany, Czech Republic|
|Canary Island Goat||Dairy||Spain|
|Carpathian||Dairy, Meat||Poland, Romania|
|Chengde Polled||Dairy, Meat||China|
|Chengdu Brown||Dairy, Meat||China|
|Colored Chamois||Dairy, Meat||Switzerland|
|Daera Din Panah||Dairy||Pakistan|
|Damascus Goat||Dairy||Middle East|
|Don Goat||Wool, Dairy, Leather||Germany|
|Hasi Goat||Dairy, Meat||Albania|
|Hungarian Improved Goat||Dairy||Hungary|
|Irish Goat||Dairy, Meat||Ireland|
|Jining Grey||Wool, Leather||China|
|Kiko Goat||Meat||New Zealand|
|Kinder Goat||Dairy, Meat||United States|
|Myotonic Goat||Meat||United States|
|Norwegian Goat||Dairy, Meat||Norway|
|Peacock Goat||Dairy, Meat||Switzerland|
|Pyrenean Goat||Dairy, Meat||Spain|
|Russian White Goat||Dairy||Russia|
|San Clemente Goat||Meat||United States|
|Spanish Goat||Meat||United States|
|Uzbek Black Goat||Wool||Uzbekistan|
|Valais Blackneck||Dairy, Meat||Switzerland|
|West African Dwarf Goat|
|White Shorthaired Goat||Dairy||Czech Republic|
|Xinjiang||Dairy, Wool, Meat||China|
|Yemen Mountain Goat||Yemen|
|Zalawadi||Dairy, Wool, Meat||India|
|Zhiwulin Black Goat||Wool, Meat||China|
|Zhongwei||Wool, Leather, Fur||China|
doe or nanny goat
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