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The Goat is a domestic herbivore. It is among the earliest domesticated animals. The major contributor of modern goats is the Bezoar goat, which inhabits the mountains of Asia Minor across the Middle East to Sind. Goats easily revert to a feral condition, with cats being the only other domestic species to revert to a feral state as rapidly.

Goat, n. Etym: [OE goot, got, gat, AS. gat; akin to D. geit, OHG. geiz, G. geiss, Icel. geit, Sw. get, Dan. ged, Goth. gaits, L. haedus a young goat, kid.] (Zoöl.)

Defn: A hollow-horned ruminant of the genus Capra, of several species and varieties, esp. the domestic goat (C. hircus), which is raised for its milk, flesh, and skin.

Note: The Cashmere and Angora varieties of the goat have long, silky hair, used in the manufacture of textile fabrics. The wild or bezoar goat (Capra ægagrus), of Asia Minor, noted for the bezoar stones found in its stomach, is supposed to be one of the ancestral species ofthe domestic goat. The Rocky Montain goat (Haplocercus montanus) is more nearly related to the antelopes. See Mazame. Goat antelope (Zoöl), one of several species of antelopes, which in some respects resemble a goat, having recurved horns, a stout body, large hoofs, and a short, flat tail, as the goral, thar, mazame, and chikara.
-- Goat fig (Bot.), the wild fig.
-- Goat house. (a) A place for keeping goats. (b) A brothel. [Obs.]
-- Goat moth (Zoöl.), any moth of the genus Cossus, esp. the large European species (C. ligniperda), the larva of which burrows in oak and willow trees, and requires three years to mature. It exhales an odor like that of the he-goat.
-- Goat weed (Bot.), a scrophulariaceous plant, of the genus Capraria (C. biflora).
-- Goat's bane (Bot.), a poisonous plant (Aconitum Lucoctonum), bearing pale yellow flowers, introduced from Switzerland into England; wolfsbane.
-- Goat's beard (Bot.), a plant of the genus Tragopogon; -- so named from the long silky beard of the seeds. One species is the salsify or oyster plant.
-- Goat's foot (Bot.), a kind of wood sorrel (Oxalis caprina) growing at the Cape of Good Hope.
-- Goat's rue (Bot.), a leguminous plant (Galega officinalis of Europe, or Tephrosia Virginiana in the United States).
-- Goat's thorn (Bot.), a thorny leguminous plant (Astragalus Tragacanthus), found in the Levant.
-- Goat's wheat (Bot.), the genus Tragopyrum (now referred to Atraphaxis).

---excerpt from the Illustrated Bible Dictionary

Goat - (1.) Heb. 'ez , the she-goat (Genesis 15:9; Genesis 30:35; Genesis 31:38). This Hebrew word is also used for the he-goat (Exodus 12:5; Leviticus 4:23; Numbers 28:15), and to denote a kid (Genesis 38:17, Genesis 38:20). Hence it may be regarded as the generic name of the animal as domesticated. It literally means "strength," and points to the superior strength of the goat as compared with the sheep.
(2.) Heb. 'attud , only in plural; rendered "rams" (Genesis 31:10, Genesis 31:12); he-goats (Numbers 7:17-88; Isaiah 1:11); goats (Deuteronomy 32:14; Psalms 50:13). They were used in sacrifice (Psalms 66:15). This word is used metaphorically for princes or chiefs in Isaiah 14:9, and in Zechariah 10:3 as leaders. (Compare Jeremiah 50:8.)
(3.) Heb. gedi , properly a kid. Its flesh was a delicacy among the Hebrews (Genesis 27:9, Genesis 27:14, Genesis 27:17; Judges 6:19).
(4.) Heb. sa'ir , meaning the "shaggy," a hairy goat, a he-goat (2 Chronicles 29:23); "a goat" (Leviticus 4:24); "satyr" (Isaiah 13:21); "devils" (Leviticus 17:7). It is the goat of the sin-offering (Leviticus 9:3, Leviticus 9:15; Leviticus 10:16).
(5.) Heb. tsaphir , a he-goat of the goats (2 Chronicles 29:21). In Daniel 8:5, Daniel 8:8 it is used as a symbol of the Macedonian empire.
(6.) Heb. tayish , a "striker" or "butter," rendered "he-goat" (Genesis 30:35; Genesis 32:14).
(7.) Heb. 'azazel (q.v.), the "scapegoat" (Leviticus 16:8, Leviticus 16:10, Leviticus 16:26).
(8.) There are two Hebrew words used to denote the undomesticated goat: Yael, only in plural mountain goats (1 Samuel 24:2; Job 39:1; Psalms 104:18). It is derived from a word meaning "to climb." It is the ibex, which abounded in the mountainous parts of Moab. And 'akko , only in Deuteronomy 14:5, the wild goat. Goats are mentioned in the New Testament in Matthew 25:32, Matthew 25:33; Hebrews 9:12, Hebrews 9:13, Hebrews 9:19; Hebrews 10:4. They represent oppressors and wicked men (Ezekiel 34:17; Ezekiel 39:18; Matthew 25:33). Several varieties of the goat were familiar to the Hebrews. They had an important place in their rural economy on account of the milk they afforded and the excellency of the flesh of the kid. They formed an important part of pastoral wealth (Genesis 31:10, Genesis 31:12; Genesis 32:14; 1 Samuel 25:2).

In other languages, the word for "goat" is:

Chamorro: chiba

Domestic Goats

Breed Uses Origin
Alpine Dairy Switzerland
Altai Mountain Goat Wool, Meat Russia
American Cashmere Wool (Cashmere)
Anatolian Black Goat Dairy, Wool, Meat Turkey
Anglo-Nubian (Nubian) Dairy, Meat, Leather England
Angora Goat Wool (Mohair), Meat Angora (Asia Minor)
Appenzell Dairy Germany
Arapawa Island Goat Dairy England, New Zealand
Australian Goat Meat, Leather Australia
Bagot Hunting, Heraldry England
Barbari Goat Meat India
Beetal Dairy, Meat Pakistan and India
Belgian Fawn Belgium
Benadir Dairy, Meat Somalia
Bhuj Dairy, Meat Brazil, India
Bionda dell'Adamello Dairy Italy
Black Bengal Dairy, Meat Bangladesh
Boer Meat
Booted Goat Dairy, Meat, Fleece Switzerland
British Alpine Dairy
Brown Shorthair Goat Dairy Germany, Czech Republic
Canary Island Goat Dairy Spain
Canindé Brazil
Carpathian Dairy, Meat Poland, Romania
Changthangi Wool, Meat India
Chappar Meat
Charnequeira Dairy, Meat Portugal
Chengde Polled Dairy, Meat China
Chengdu Brown Dairy, Meat China
Chigu Wool, Meat India
Colored Chamois Dairy, Meat Switzerland
Corsican Goat Dairy Corsica
Daera Din Panah Dairy Pakistan
Damani Goat Dairy Pakistan
Damascus Goat Dairy Middle East
Danish Landrace Dairy Denmark
Don Goat Wool, Dairy, Leather Germany
Duan Goat Meat China
Dutch Landrace Netherlands
Dutch Toggenburg Dairy Netherlands
Erzgebirge Dairy Germany
Finnish Landrace Dairy Finland
Girgentana Dairy Sicily
Göingeget Sweden
Golden Guernsey Dairy England
Grisons Striped Dairy
Hailun China
Haimen Meat China
Hasi Goat Dairy, Meat Albania
Hejazi Meat Arabia
Hexi Cashmere Wool China
Hongtong Dairy China
Huaipi Meat China
Huaitoutala Wool China
Hungarian Improved Goat Dairy Hungary
Irish Goat Dairy, Meat Ireland
Jining Grey Wool, Leather China
Kaghani Wool, Meat Pakistan
Kamori Dairy Pakistan
Kiko Goat Meat New Zealand
Kinder Goat Dairy, Meat United States
LaMancha Dairy United States
Loashan Dairy China
Moxotó Brazil
Murcia-Granada Goat Spain
Myotonic Goat Meat United States
Nachi Meat
Nigerian Dwarf Nigeria
Norwegian Goat Dairy, Meat Norway
Oberhasli Dairy Switzerland
Peacock Goat Dairy, Meat Switzerland
Philippine Goat Meat
Poitevin Goat Dairy France
Pygmy Goat Pets Africa
Pyrenean Goat Dairy, Meat Spain
Qinshan Leather China
Repartida Brazil
Russian White Goat Dairy Russia
Saanen Dairy Switzerland
Sahelian Leather, Meat Africa
San Clemente Goat Meat United States
Somali Goat Meat Somalia
Spanish Goat Meat United States
SRD Meat Brazil
Swedish Landrace Dairy Sweden
Tauernsheck Dairy Switzerland
Thuringian Germany
Toggenburg Dairy Switzerland
Uzbek Black Goat Wool Uzbekistan
Valais Blackneck Dairy, Meat Switzerland
Verata Dairy, Meat Spain
West African Dwarf Goat
White Shorthaired Goat Dairy Czech Republic
Xinjiang Dairy, Wool, Meat China
Xuhai Meat China
Yemen Mountain Goat Yemen
Zalawadi Dairy, Wool, Meat India
Zhiwulin Black Goat Wool, Meat China
Zhongwei Wool, Leather, Fur China

mountain goat
doe or nanny goat
billy goat


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