5:48. “Therefore, be perfect, as also your heavenly Father is perfect.
A continuation of the sermon on the mount.
6:1. “Take heed that you do not do your deeds of justice before men to be seen by them, otherwise you shall not have a reward from your Father in Heaven.
Deeds of justice. . .that is, works of justice; viz., fasting, prayer, and almsdeeds; which ought to be performed not out of ostentation, or a view to please men, but solely to please God.
But when you shall pray, enter into your chamber, and having shut the door
, pray to your Father in secret...Matthew 6:6
6:2. “Therefore, when you give alms, do not sound a trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may be honored by men. Amen, I say to you, they have received their reward.
6:3. “But when you give alms, do not let your left hand know what your right hand does
6:4. “that your alms may be in secret, and your Father who sees in secret will repay you.
6:5. “When you pray, you shall not be as the hypocrites, that love to stand and pray in the synagogues and corners of the streets, that they may be seen by men. Amen, I say to you, they have received their reward.
6:6. “But when you shall pray, enter into your chamber, and having shut the door, pray to your Father in secret, and your Father who sees in secret will repay you.
6:7. “When you are praying, do not speak much as the heathens do, for they think that in speaking much they will be heard.
6:8. “Therefore, do not be like them, for your Father knows what is necessary for you before you ask Him.
6:9. “You shall you pray in this manner: 'Our Father who art in Heaven, hallowed be Thy name.
6:10. “'Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done on earth as it is in Heaven.
6:11. “'Give us this day the Bread of Life.
Bread of Life. . .In St. Luke the same word is rendered daily bread. It is understood of the Bread of Life which we receive in the Blessed Sacrament, the Holy Eucharist.
"Forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us."
For if you will forgive men their offenses, your Heavenly Father will also forgive your offenses.Matthew 6:14
6:12. “'Forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us.
6:13. “'Lead us not into temptation. But deliver us from evil. Amen.'
Lead us not into temptation. . .That is, do not permit us to be overcome by temptation. Some manuscripts also include as the second part of verse 13: "For the kingdom, the power, and the glory are yours now and forever." This is very common in the manuscripts used by the Eastern rite churches.
6:14. “For if you will forgive men their offenses, your Heavenly Father will also forgive your offenses.
6:15. “But if you will not forgive men, neither will your Father forgive you your offenses.
6:16. “When you fast, do not be downcast like the hypocrites. For they disfigure their faces, that they may appear to men as fasting. Amen, I say to you, they have received their reward.
6:17. “But when you fast, anoint your head and wash your face,
6:18. “that you may not appear to men as fasting, but to your Father in secret, and your Father who sees in secret will repay you.
6:19. “Do not stockpile treasures on earth for yourselves, where rust and moth consume and where thieves break through and steal.
6:20. “But stockpile treasures in heaven for yourselves, where neither rust nor moth consume and where thieves do not break through nor steal.
6:21. “For where your treasure is, there your heart is also.
6:22. “The light of your body is your eye. If your eye be sound, your whole body shall be illuminated.
6:23. “But if your eye is evil, your whole body shall be in darkness. If then the light that is in you is darkness, how great shall the darkness itself be!
No man can serve two masters...You cannot serve God and mammon.Matthew 6:24
6:24. “No man can serve two masters, for either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will sustain the one and despise the other. You cannot serve God and mammon.
6:25. “Therefore I say to you, do not be anxious about your life regarding what you shall eat, nor for your body regarding what you shall put on. Is the life not more than the food, and the body not more than the raiment?
6:26. “Behold the birds of the air, for they neither sow, nor do they reap, nor gather into barns, and your Heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not of much more value than them?
6:27. “Which of you can add one cubit to his stature by thinking about it?
6:28. “Why are you anxious for raiment? Consider the lilies of the field and how they grow: they do not labor, nor do they spin.
6:29. “But I say to you, that not even Solomon in all his glory was arrayed as one of these.
6:30. “If God clothes the grass of the field in such a manner, which is here today, and is cast into the oven tomorrow, how much more you, O you of little faith?
6:31. “Do not be anxious therefore, saying, 'What shall we eat,' or, 'What shall we drink,' or, 'With what shall we be clothed?'
6:32. “The heathens seek after all these things; your Father knows that you have need of all these things.
6:33. “Therefore, first seek the Kingdom of God and His justice, and all these things shall be added to you.
6:34. “Do not be anxious about tomorrow, for tomorrow will be solicitous for itself. Sufficient for the day is its own worries.
The third part of the Sermon on the Mount.
7:1. “Do not judge, that you may not be judged.
... and with what measure you measure, it shall be measured to you again.Matthew 7:2
7:2. “For with what judgment you judge, you shall be judged, and with what measure you measure, it shall be measured to you again.
7:3. “Why do you see the speck that is in your brother's eye, and do not see the beam that is in your own eye?
7:4. “Or how do you say to your brother, 'Let me remove the speck out of your eye,' and behold a beam is in your own eye?
7:5. “You hypocrite, first cast out the beam out of your own eye, and then you shall see to remove the speck out of your brother's eye.
7:6. “Do not give that which is holy to dogs, nor cast your pearls before swine, otherwise they might trample them under their feet, and turning upon you, they tear you to pieces.
7:7. “Ask, and it shall be given to you; seek, and you shall find; knock, and it shall be opened to you.
7:8. “For every one that asks, receives; and he that seeks, finds; and to him that knocks, it shall be opened.
7:9. “Or what man is there among you, of whom if his son shall ask bread, will offer him a stone?
...everything you want men to do to you do also to them...
How narrow is the gate and constricted is the way that leads to Eternal Life, and there are few that find it!
By their fruits you shall know them. Do men gather grapes from thorns, or figs from thistles?
Every tree that does not bring forth good fruit shall be cut down and shall be cast into the fire.
7:10. “Or if he shall ask him for a fish, will offer him a serpent?
7:11. “If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father in Heaven give good things to those who ask Him?
7:12. “ Therefore, everything you want men to do to you, do also to them. For this is the Law and the Prophets.
7:13. “Enter in at the narrow gate, for wide is the gate and broad is the way that leads to destruction, and there are many who enter there.
Everyone therefore that hears these words of Mine and observes them shall be like a wise man that built his house upon a rock...Matthew 7:24
7:14. “How narrow is the gate and constricted is the way that leads to Eternal Life, and there are few that find it!
7:15. “Beware of false prophets, who come to you in the clothing of sheep, but inwardly they are ravening wolves.
7:16. “By their fruits you shall know them. Do men gather grapes from thorns, or figs from thistles?
7:17. “Even so every good tree brings forth good fruit, and the evil tree brings forth evil fruit.
... and the rain fell, and the floods came, and the winds blew,...Matthew 7:27
7:18. “A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, nor can an evil tree bring forth good fruit.
7:19. “Every tree that does not bring forth good fruit shall be cut down and shall be cast into the fire.
7:20. “By their fruits you shall know them.
7:21. “Not everyone that says to me, 'Lord, Lord,' shall enter into the Kingdom of Heaven, but he that does the will of My Father in Heaven shall enter into the Kingdom of Heaven.
7:22. “Many will say to Me on that day, 'Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in Your Name, and cast out devils in Your Name, and done many miracles in Your Name?'
7:23. “Then will I profess to them, 'I never knew you; depart from Me, you that work iniquity.'
7:24. “Everyone therefore that hears these words of Mine and observes them shall be like a wise man that built his house upon a rock,
7:25. “and the rain fell, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and they beat upon that house, and it did not fall, for it was founded on a rock.
7:26. “Everyone that hears these words of Mine and does not observe them shall be like a foolish man that built his house upon the sand,
7:27. “and the rain fell, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and they beat upon that house, and it fell, and great was its demise.”
7:28. It came to pass when Jesus had fully ended these words, the people were in admiration of His doctrine,
7:29. for He was teaching them as one having power, and not as the scribes and Pharisees.
Christ cleanses the leper, heals the centurion's servant, Peter's mother-in-law, and many others; He stills the storm at sea, drives the devils out of two possessed men, and allows the devils to go into the swine.
8:1. When He had come down from the mountain, great multitudes followed Him,
And behold a leper came and adored Him, saying, “Lord, if You will it, You can make me clean.Matthew 8:2-4
8:2. and behold a leper came and adored Him, saying, “Lord, if You will it, You can make me clean.
8:3. Jesus stretching forth His hand, touched him, saying, “I will it, be made clean.” Immediately his leprosy was cleansed.
8:4. Jesus said to him, “See that you tell no man, but go, show yourself to the priest, and offer the gift which Moses commanded, for a testimony to them.”
8:5. When Jesus had entered into Capernaum, there came to Him a centurion, beseeching Him,
8:6. and saying, “Lord, my servant lies at home sick with palsy, and is grievously tormented.”
8:7. Jesus said to him, “I will come and heal him.”
8:8. The centurion answered, “Lord, I am not worthy that You should enter under my roof; but only say the word, and my servant shall be healed.
8:9. “For I also am a man subject to authority, having soldiers under me; and I say to this one, 'Go,' and he goes, and to another, 'Come,' and he comes, and to my servant, 'Do this,' and he does it.”
8:10. Jesus hearing this, marveled, and said to those who followed Him, “Amen, I say to you, I have not found such great faith in Israel.
8:11. “I say to you that many shall come from the east and the west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob in the Kingdom of Heaven,
8:12. “but the children of the Kingdom shall be cast out into the darkness outside; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.”
8:13. Jesus said to the centurion, “Go, and as you have believed, so be it done to you.” The servant was healed at the same hour.
8:14. When Jesus came into Peter's house, He saw Peter's mother-in-law lying in bed and sick with fever.
8:15. He touched her hand, the fever left her, and she arose and ministered to them.
8:16. When evening came, they brought to Him many that were possessed with devils, and He cast out the spirits with His word, and He healed all that were sick
8:17. that what was spoken by the prophet Isaiah might be fulfilled: “He took our infirmities, and bore our diseases.”
8:18. Jesus, seeing great multitudes surrounding Him, gave orders to cross over the water.
8:19. A certain scribe came and said to Him, “Master, I will follow You wherever You go.”
8:20. Jesus said to him, “The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have nests; but the Son of Man has no place to lay His head.”
8:21. Another of His disciples said to Him, “Lord, first permit me to go and bury my father.”
8:22. But Jesus said to him, “Follow Me, and let the dead bury their dead.”
8:23. When He entered into the boat, His disciples followed Him.
8:24. Behold, a great tempest arose in the sea, so that the boat was covered with waves, but He was asleep.
8:25. The disciples came to Him and awoke Him, saying, “Lord, save us, we perish.”
8:26. Jesus said to them, “Why are you fearful, O you of little faith?” Then rising up, He commanded the winds and the sea, and there came a great calm.
8:27. But the men wondered, saying, “What manner of man is this, for the winds and the sea obey Him?”
8:28. When He came on the other side of the water, into the country of the Gadarenes, there met Him two that were possessed with devils, coming out of the sepulchres, exceedingly fierce, so that none could pass by that way.
8:29. They cried out, “What have we to do with you, Jesus Son of God? Have You come here to torment us before the time?”
8:30. There was a herd of many swine feeding not far from them.
8:31. The devils besought Him, saying, “If You cast us out, send us into the herd of swine.”
8:32. He said to them, “Go.” But they left and went into the swine, and behold the whole herd ran violently down a steep place into the sea, and they perished in the waters.
8:33. The swineherds fled, and coming into the city, told everything, and concerning the two that had been possessed by the devils.
8:34. Behold the whole city went out to meet Jesus, and when they saw Him, they besought Jesus that He would depart from their coast.
Christ heals one sick with palsy, calls Matthew, cures the issue of blood, raises the daughter of Jairus to life, gives sight to two blind men, and heals a dumb man possessed by the devil.
They brought to Him one sick with palsy lying in a bed
, seeing their faith, said to the man sick with palsy, “Be of good heart, son, your sins are forgiven you.”Matthew 9:2
9:1. Entering into a boat, He crossed over the water and came into His own city.
9:2. They brought to Him one sick with palsy lying in a bed. Jesus, seeing their faith, said to the man sick with palsy, “Be of good heart, son, your sins are forgiven you.”
9:3 Some of the scribes said to themselves, “He blasphemes.”
9:4. Jesus, seeing their thoughts, said, “Why do you think evil in your hearts?
9:5. “Which is easier: to say, 'Your sins are forgiven you,' or to say, 'Arise, and walk?'
9:6. “But that you may know that the Son of Man has power on earth to forgive sins,” (then said He to the man sick with palsy,) “Arise, take up your bed, and go into your house.”
9:7. The man arose and went into his house.
9:8. The multitude, seeing it, feared, and glorified God that gave such power to men.
The Pharisees, seeing it, said to His disciples, “Why does your Master eat with publicans and sinners?”Matthew 9:10-13
9:10. It came to pass as Jesus was sitting at table in the house, behold many publicans and sinners came and sat down with Jesus and His disciples.
9:11. The Pharisees, seeing it, said to His disciples, “Why does your Master eat with publicans and sinners?”
9:12. But Jesus, hearing it, said, “Those who are healthy do not need a physician, but those who are ill do.
9:13. “Go then and learn what this means:
I desire mercy
and not sacrifice
. For I have not come to call the just, but sinners.”
9:14. Then the disciples of John came to Him, saying, “Why do we and the Pharisees fast often, but Your disciples do not fast?”
9:15. Jesus said to them, “Can the companions of the bridegroom mourn while the bridegroom is with them? But the days will come when the Bridegroom shall be taken away from them, and then they shall fast.
9:16. “Nobody puts a piece of raw cloth onto an old garment, for it takes the fullness away from the garment, and a greater rent is made.
9:17. “Neither do they put new wine into old wine skins, otherwise the wine skins break, the wine runs out, and the wine skins perish. But they put new wine into new wine skins, and both are preserved.”
9:18. As Jesus was speaking these things to them, behold a certain ruler came up and adored Him, saying, “Lord, my daughter has just died, but come, lay Your hand upon her, and she shall live.”
9:19. Jesus rose up and followed him with His disciples.
9:20. Behold a woman who was troubled with an issue of blood twelve years came behind Him and touched the hem of His garment.
9:21. For she said to herself, “If I shall touch only His garment, I shall be healed.”
9:22. But Jesus turning and seeing her, said, “Be of good heart, daughter, your faith has made you whole.” The woman was made healed from that hour.
9:24. He said, “Make room, for the girl is not dead, but sleeps.” They laughed Him to scorn.
9:25. When the multitude was put out, Jesus went in, and took her by the hand. The maiden arose.
9:26. The fame of this went abroad into all that country.
...there followed Him two blind men crying out and saying, “Have mercy on us, O Son of David
9:27. As Jesus passed from there, there followed Him two blind men crying out and saying, “Have mercy on us, O Son of David.”
9:28. When Jesus came into the house, the blind men came to Him. Jesus said to them, “Do you believe that I can do this to you?” They said to Him, “Yes, Lord.”
9:29. Then He touched their eyes, saying, “According to your faith, be it done to you.”
went about all the cities and towns, teaching ..., preaching ..., and healing...Matthew 9:35
9:30. Their eyes were opened, and Jesus strictly charged them, saying, “See that no man knows this.”
9:31. But they went out and spread His fame abroad in all that country.
...they brought Him a dumb man, possessed with a devil.Matthew 9:32
9:32. When they were gone, they brought Him a dumb man, possessed with a devil.
9:33. After the devil was cast out, the dumb man spoke, and the multitudes wondered, saying, “Never was the like seen in Israel.”
9:34. But the Pharisees said, “By the prince of devils He casts out devils.”
9:35. Jesus went about all the cities and towns, teaching in their synagogues, and preaching the gospel of the Kingdom, and healing every disease and every infirmity.
9:36. Seeing the multitudes, He had compassion on them, because they were distressed and lying like sheep that have no shepherd.
9:37. Then Jesus said to His disciples, “The harvest indeed is great, but the laborers are few.
9:38. Pray therefore that the Lord of the harvest sends forth laborers into His harvest.”
Christ sends out His Twelve Apostles, with the power of miracles. The instructions He gives them.
10:1. Having called His Twelve disciples together, He gave them power over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of diseases, and all manner of infirmities.
10:2. The names of the Twelve Apostles are these: the first, Simon who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother,
sent these Twelve, commanding them, “Do not go onto the road of the Gentiles, and do not enter into the city of the Samaritans.Matthew 10:5
10:5. Jesus sent these Twelve, commanding them, “Do not go onto the road of the Gentiles, and do not enter into the city of the Samaritans.
10:6. “But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel,
10:7. “and going, preach, saying, 'The Kingdom of Heaven is at hand.'
10:8. “Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse the lepers, cast out devils; freely have you received, freely give.
10:9. “Do not possess gold, nor silver, nor money in your purses,
10:10. “nor travel bag for your journey, nor two coats, nor shoes, nor a staff, for the workman is worthy of his food.
10:11. “Into whatever city or town you shall enter, inquire who in it is worthy, and abide there until you leave there.
“When you come into the house
, salute it, saying, 'Peace be to this house.
10:12. “When you come into the house, salute it, saying, 'Peace be to this house.'
10:13. “If that house is worthy, your peace shall come upon it; but if it is not worthy, your peace shall return to you.
10:14. “If anyone shall not receive you, nor hear your words, go out of that house or city and shake off the dust from your feet.
10:15. “Amen I say to you, it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment than for that city.
10:16. “Behold, I send you as sheep in the midst of wolves. Therefore, be as wise as serpents and as simple as doves.
10:17. “But beware of men, for they will deliver you up in councils, and they will scourge you in their synagogues.
10:18. “You shall be brought before governors and kings for My sake, for a witness to them and to the Gentiles,
10:19. “but when they shall deliver you up, take no thought how or what to speak, for it shall be given you in that hour what to speak,
10:20. “for it is not you that speaks, but the Spirit of your Father that speaks in you.
10:21. “Brother shall also deliver up brother to death, and the father the son, and the children shall rise up against their parents and shall put them to death.
10:22. “You shall be hated by all men for My name's sake, but he that shall persevere to the end shall be saved.
10:23. “When they shall persecute you in this city, flee into another. Amen I say to you, you shall not finish all the cities of Israel before the Son of Man comes.
10:24. “The disciple is not above the master, nor the servant above his lord.
10:25. “It is enough for the disciple that he be as his master, and the servant as his lord. If they have called the head of the house Beelzebub, how much more them of his household?
10:26. “Therefore do not fear them, for nothing is covered that shall not be revealed, nor hidden that shall not be known.
10:27. “That which I tell you in the dark, speak in the light, and that which you hear in the ear, preach upon the housetops.
10:28. “Do not fear those who kill the body and are not able to kill the soul, but rather fear him that can destroy both soul and body in hell.
10:29. “Are not two sparrows sold for one-twentieth of a day's wage? Yet, not one of them shall fall on the ground without your Father's Will.
10:30. “But the very hairs of your head are all numbered.
10:31. “Therefore, do not fear; you are better than many sparrows.
10:32. “Everyone that shall confess Me before men I will also confess before My Father in Heaven.
10:33. “But he that shall deny Me before men I will also deny before My Father in Heaven.
10:34. “Do not think that I came to bring peace upon earth; I came not to bring peace, but the sword.
10:35. “For I came to set a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law.
I came to set a man at variance, etc. . .Not that this was the end or design of the coming of our Savior; but that His coming and His doctrine would have this effect, by reason of the obstinate resistance that many would make, and of their persecuting all such as should adhere to Him.
10:36. “A man's enemies shall be those of his own household.
10:37. “He that loves father or mother more than Me is not worthy of Me, and he that loves son or daughter more than Me is not worthy of Me.
10:38. “He that does not take up his cross and follow Me is not worthy of Me.
10:39. “He that finds his life shall lose it, and he that shall lose his life for Me shall find it.
10:40. “He that receives you receives Me, and he that receives Me receives Him that sent Me.
10:41. “He that receives a prophet in the name of a prophet shall receive the reward of a prophet, and he that receives a just man in the name of a just man shall receive the reward of a just man.
10:42. “Whoever shall give one of these little ones even a cup of cold water to drink in the name of a disciple, amen I say to you, shall not lose his reward.”
John sends his disciples to Christ, who upbraids the Jews for their incredulity, and calls to Himself such as are sensible of their burdens.
11:1. It came to pass, when Jesus had made an end of commanding His Twelve disciples, He passed from there, to teach and to preach in their cities.
11:2. Now when John had heard in prison the works of Christ, he sent two of his disciples to ask of Jesus,
11:3. “Are You He that is to come, or are we to look for another?”
11:4. Jesus answered them, “Go and relate to John what you have heard and seen.
11:5. “The blind see; the lame walk; the lepers are cleansed; the deaf hear; the dead rise again; the poor have the gospel preached to them.
11:6. “Blessed is he that shall not be scandalized in Me.”
Scandalized in me. . .That is, who shall not take occasion of scandal or offense from my humility, and the disgraceful death of the cross which I shall endure.
11:7. When they went their way, Jesus began to say to the multitudes concerning John, “What did you go out into the desert to see? A reed shaken with the wind?
11:8. “But what did you go out to see? A man clothed in soft garments? Behold those who are clothed in soft garments are in the houses of kings.
11:9. “But what did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and more than a prophet.
11:10. “For this is he of whom it is written: 'Behold I send My messenger before My face, who shall prepare Your way before You.'
11:11. “Amen I say to you, there has not risen among those who are born of women a greater than John the Baptist, yet He that is the lesser in the Kingdom of Heaven is greater than he.
11:12. “From the days of John the Baptist until now, the Kingdom of Heaven suffers violence, and the violent bear it.
Suffers violence, etc. . .It is not to be obtained but by main force, by using violence upon ourselves, by mortification and penance, and resisting our perverse inclinations.
11:13. “For all the prophets and the Law prophesied until John.
11:14. “If you will receive it, he is Elijah that is to come.
He is Elijah, etc. . .Not in person, but in spirit. St. Luke 1. 17.
11:15. “He that has ears to listen, let him listen.
11:16. “But to what shall I esteem this generation to be like? It is like children sitting in the marketplace
11:17. “who cry to their companions, 'We have piped to you, and you have not danced; we have lamented, and you have not mourned.'
11:18. “For John came neither eating nor drinking, and they say, 'He has a devil.'
11:19. “The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and they say, 'Behold a man that is a glutton and a wine drinker, a friend of publicans and sinners.' Wisdom is justified by her children.”
11:20. Then He began to upbraid the cities in which most of His miracles were done because they had not done penance.
11:21. “Woe to you, Chorazin, woe to you, Bethsaida, for if the miracles that have been wrought in you had been wrought in Tyre and Sidon, they would have done penance in sackcloth and ashes long ago.
11:22. “But I say to you, it shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon in the day of judgment than for you.
11:23. “You Capernaum, shall you be exalted up to Heaven? You shall go down even to hell. For if the miracles that have been wrought in you had been wrought in Sodom, it might have remained to this day.
11:24. “But I say to you, that it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom in the day of judgment than for you.”
11:25. At that time Jesus said, “I confess to You, O Father, Lord of Heaven and earth, because You have hidden these things from the wise and prudent, and have revealed them to little ones.
11:26. “Yes, Father, for so has it seemed good in Your sight.
11:27. “All things are delivered to Me by My Father. No one knows the Son but the Father, nor does anyone know the Father but the Son, and he to whom it shall please the Son to reveal Him.
11:28. “Come to Me all you that labor and are burdened, and I will refresh you.
11:29. “Take up My yoke upon you, and learn from Me, because I am meek, and humble of heart, and you shall find rest to your souls.
11:30. “For My yoke is sweet and My burden light.”
At that time, Jesus
went through a field of grain on the Sabbath, and His disciples, being hungry, began to pluck the ears and to eat.Matthew 12:1
Christ reproves the blindness of the Pharisees, and confutes their attributing His miracles to Satan.
12:1. At that time, Jesus went through a field of grain on the Sabbath, and His disciples, being hungry, began to pluck the ears and to eat.
12:2. The Pharisees, seeing them, said to Him, “Behold Your disciples do that which is not lawful to do on the Sabbath days.”
12:3. But Jesus said to them, “Have you not read what David did when he was hungry, and those who were with him,
12:4. “how he entered into the house of God, and ate the loaves of proposition, which it was unlawful for David and his men to eat, but lawful only for the priests?
The loaves of proposition. . .Official name of the twelve loaves which were placed before the sanctuary in the Temple of God.
12:5. “Or have you not read in the Law that on the Sabbath days the priests in the Temple break the Sabbath, and are without blame?
12:6. “But I tell you, a greater than the Temple is here.
12:7. “If you knew what this meant: I desire mercy, and not sacrifice, you would never have condemned the innocent.
12:8. “For the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath.”
12:9. When Jesus had passed from there, He came into their synagogues.
12:10. Behold there was a man who had a withered hand, and the Pharisees asked Him, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath days?” that they might accuse Him.
12:11. But Jesus said to them, “What man shall there be among you, that has one sheep, and if the sheep falls into a pit on the Sabbath day, will he not take hold on it and lift it up?
, knowing it, retired from there, and many followed Him, and He healed them all.Matthew 12:15
12:12. “How much better is a man than a sheep? Therefore it is lawful to do a good deed on the Sabbath days.”
12:13. Then Jesus said to the man, “Stretch forth your hand.” He stretched it forth, and it was restored to health just like the other.
12:14. The Pharisees went out and made a consultation against Him, as to how they might destroy Him.
12:15. But Jesus, knowing it, retired from there, and many followed Him, and He healed them all.
12:16. He charged them that they should not make Him known
12:17. that what was spoken by Isaiah, the prophet, might be fulfilled:
12:18. “Behold My servant whom I have chosen, My beloved in whom My soul has been well pleased. I will put My Spirit upon Him, and He shall show judgment to the Gentiles.
12:19. “He shall not contend, nor cry out, neither shall any man hear His voice in the streets.
12:20. “The bruised reed He shall not break, and smoking flax He shall not extinguish until He sends forth judgment to victory.
12:21. “In His name the Gentiles shall hope.”
Then was offered to Jesus
one possessed with a devil, blind and dumb, and Jesus
healed him so that he spoke and saw.Matthew 12:22
12:22. Then was offered to Jesus one possessed with a devil, blind and dumb, and Jesus healed him so that he spoke and saw.
12:23. All the multitudes were amazed, and said, “Is this not the Son of David?”
12:24. But the Pharisees heard it and said, “This man does not cast out devils except by Beelzebub, the prince of the devils.”
12:25. Jesus knew their thoughts and said to them, “Every kingdom divided against itself shall be made desolate, and every city or house divided against itself shall not stand.
12:26. “If Satan cast out Satan, he is divided against himself; how then shall his kingdom stand?
12:27. “If I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your children cast them out? Therefore they shall be your judges.
12:28. “But if I cast out devils by the Spirit of God, then is the Kingdom of God has come upon you.
12:29. “Or how can anyone enter into the house of the strong, and plunder his goods, unless he first binds the strong? Then he can plunder his house.
12:30. “He that is not with Me is against Me, and he that does not gather with Me scatters.
12:31. “Therefore I say to you, every sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven men, but the blasphemy of the Spirit shall not be forgiven.
The blasphemy of the Spirit. . .The sin here spoken of is that blasphemy, by which the Pharisees attributed the miracles of Christ, wrought by the Spirit of God, to Beelzebub the prince of devils. Now this kind of sin is usually accompanied with so much obstinacy, and such vehement opposition of the Spirit of God, and the known truth, that men who are guilty of it, are seldom or never converted, and therefore are never forgiven, because they will not repent. Otherwise there is no sin which God cannot or will not forgive of those who sincerely repent and have recourse to the Sacrament of Reconciliation.
12:32. “Whoever shall speak a word against the Son of Man, it shall be forgiven him, but he that shall speak against the Holy Spirit, it shall not be forgiven him either in this world or in the world to come.
Nor in the world to come. . .From these words St. Augustine (De Civ. Dei, lib. 21, c. 13) and St. Gregory (Dialog., 4, c. 39) gather, that some sins may be remitted in the world to come; and, consequently, that there is a purgatory or a middle place.
12:33. “Either make the tree good and its fruit good, or make the tree evil and its fruit evil. For by the fruit the tree is known.
12:34. “O generation of vipers, how can you speak good things when you are evil? For out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks.
12:35. “A good man out of a good treasure brings forth good things, and an evil man out of an evil treasure brings forth evil things.
12:36. “But I say to you, that in the day of judgment men shall render an account for every idle word that they shall have spoken.
Every idle word. . .This shows there must be a place of temporal punishment hereafter where these slighter faults shall be punished.
12:37. “For by your words you shall be justified, and by your words you shall be condemned.”
12:38. Then some of the scribes and Pharisees answered Jesus, “Master, we wish to see a sign from You.”
A sign. . .That is, a miracle from heaven. St. Luke 11:16.
12:39. Jesus answered them, “An evil and adulterous generation seeks a sign, and a sign shall not be given it, except the sign of Jonah, the prophet.
...so shall the Son of Man be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights.
The men of Nineveh ... did penance at the preaching of Jonah...
The queen of the south shall rise in judgment with this generation...
12:40. “For as Jonah was in the whale's belly three days and three nights, so shall the Son of Man be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights.
Three days, etc. . .Not complete days and nights; but part of three days, and three nights taken according to the way that the Hebrews counted their days and nights, viz., from evening to evening. Jesus' time in an underground prison after His arrest is considered the first night in the three nights.
12:41. “The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation and shall condemn it, because they did penance at the preaching of Jonah, and behold, a greater than Jonah is here.
12:42. “The queen of the south shall rise in judgment with this generation and shall condemn it, because she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and behold a greater than Solomon is here.
12:43. “When an unclean spirit has gone out of a man he walks through dry places seeking rest, and finds none.
12:44. “Then he says, 'I will return into my house from where I came out.' He comes and finds it empty, swept, and garnished.
was yet speaking to the multitudes, behold His mother and His brethren stood outside,...Matthew 12:46
12:45. “Then he goes, and takes with him seven other spirits more wicked than himself, and they enter in and dwell there, and the last state of that man is made worse than the first. So shall it also be to this wicked generation.”
12:46. As Jesus was yet speaking to the multitudes, behold His mother and His brethren stood outside, seeking to speak to Him.
12:47. Someone said to Jesus, “Behold Your mother and Your brethren stand outside seeking You.”
12:48. But Jesus answered him that told Him, “Who is My mother, and who are My brethren?”
Who is my mother?. . .This was not spoken by way of slighting His mother, but to show that we are never to suffer ourselves to be taken from the service of God, by any inordinate affection to our earthly parents, and that which our Lord chiefly regarded in His mother, was her doing the will of His Father in heaven. It may also further allude to the reprobation of the Jews, His carnal kindred, and the election of the Gentiles.
12:49. Stretching forth His hand towards His disciples, Jesus said, “Behold My mother and My brethren.
12:50. “For whoever shall do the will of My Father in Heaven is My brother and sister and mother.”
Great multitudes were gathered together to Him, so that Jesus went up into a boat and sat, and all the multitude stood on the shore.Matthew 13:2
The parables of the sower and the cockle, of the mustard seed, etc.
13:1. The same day, Jesus, going out of the house, sat by the sea side.
13:2. Great multitudes were gathered together to Him, so that Jesus went up into a boat and sat, and all the multitude stood on the shore.
13:3. Jesus spoke to them about many things using parables, saying, “Behold, the sower went forth to sow.
13:4. “While he sowed, some fell by the wayside, and the birds of the air came and ate them up.
13:5. “Others fell upon stony ground, where they had not much earth, and they sprung up immediately, because they had no depth in the earth.
13:6. “When the sun was up they were scorched, and because they did not have roots, they withered away.
13:7. “Others fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up and choked them.
13:8. “Others fell upon good ground, and they brought forth fruit, some a hundredfold, some sixtyfold, and some thirtyfold.
13:9. “He that has ears to listen, let him listen.”
13:10. Jesus' disciples came and said to Him, “Why do You speak to them in parables?”
13:11. Jesus answered them, “Because it is given to you to know the mysteries of the Kingdom of Heaven, but it is not given to them.
The prophecy of Isaiah (6:9-10)
is fulfilled in them, who said, By hearing you shall hear, and shall not understand, and seeing you shall see, and shall not perceive.Matthew 13:14
13:12. “For he that has, to him shall be given, and he shall abound, but he that does not have, from him shall be taken away that also which he has.
13:13. “Therefore do I speak to them in parables, because seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand.
13:14. “The prophecy of Isaiah is fulfilled in them, who said, By hearing you shall hear, and shall not understand, and seeing you shall see, and shall not perceive.
13:15. “For the heart of this people has grown crude, and with their ears they have been dull of hearing, and they have shut their eyes, lest at any time they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.
13:16. “But blessed are your eyes, because they see, and your ears, because they hear.
13:17. “For, amen, I say to you, many prophets and just men have desired to see the things that you see and have not seen them, and to hear the things that you hear and have not heard them.
13:18. “Hear therefore the parable of the sower.
13:19. “When anyone hears the word of the Kingdom, and does not understand it, the wicked one comes and snatches away that which was sown in his heart; this is he that received the seed by the wayside.
13:20. “He that received the seed upon stony ground is he that hears the word, and immediately receives it with joy.
13:21. “Yet he does not have root in himself, and it is only for a time, and when there arises tribulation and persecution because of the word, he is quickly scandalized.
13:22. “He that received the seed among thorns is he that hears the word, and the cares of this world and the deceitfulness of riches choke up the word, and he becomes fruitless.
But while men were asleep, his enemy came and sowed cockle among the wheat and went his way.Matthew 13:25
13:23. “But he that received the seed upon good ground is he that hears the word, understands, and bears fruit, and the one yields a hundredfold, and another sixty, and another thirty.”
13:24. Another parable He proposed to them, saying, “The Kingdom of Heaven is like a man that sowed good seed in his field.
13:25. “But while men were asleep, his enemy came and sowed cockle among the wheat and went his way.
13:26. “When the blade had sprung up, and had brought forth fruit, then the cockle also appeared.
13:27. “The servants of the head of the house came and said to him, 'Sir, did you not sow good seed in your field? From where does it have cockle then?'
When the blade had sprung up, and had brought forth fruit, then the cockle also appeared.Matthew 13:26
13:28. “He said to them, 'An enemy has done this.' The servants said to him, 'Do you wish that we go and gather it up?'
13:29. “He said, 'No, otherwise, while gathering up the cockle, you might also root up the wheat together with it.
13:30. “'Permit both to grow until the harvest, and at the time of the harvest I will say to the reapers, “Gather up the cockle first, and bind it into bundles to burn, but gather the wheat into my barn.”'”
13:31. Jesus proposed another parable to them, saying, “The Kingdom of Heaven is like a grain of mustard seed, which a man took and sowed in his field.
13:32. “It is the least indeed of all seeds, but when it has grown up, it is greater than all herbs and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and dwell in its branches.”
13:33. Jesus spoke another parable to them, saying, “The Kingdom of Heaven is like leaven, which a woman took and mixed into three measures of flour, until the whole was leavened.”
13:34. All these things Jesus spoke in parables to the multitudes, and without parables He did not speak to them
13:35. that what was spoken by the prophet might be fulfilled: I will open My mouth in parables; I will utter things hidden from the foundation of the world.
13:36. Then having sent away the multitudes, Jesus came into the house, and His disciples came to Him, saying, “Expound to us the parable of the cockle of the field.”
13:37. He answered them, “He that sows the good seed is the Son of Man.
13:38. “The field is the world. The good seed are the children of the Kingdom. The cockle are the children of the wicked one.
13:39. “The enemy that sowed them is the devil. But the harvest is the end of the world. The reapers are the Angels.
13:40. “Even as cockle therefore is gathered up, and burnt with fire, so shall it be at the end of the world.
The Kingdom of Heaven is like a treasure hidden in a field...Matthew 13:44
13:41. “The Son of Man shall send His Angels, and they shall gather out of His Kingdom all scandals and those that work iniquity.
13:42. “The Angels shall cast them into the furnace of fire; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
13:43. “Then shall the just shine as the sun in the Kingdom of their Father. He that has ears to listen, let him listen.
Again the Kingdom of Heaven is like a merchant seeking good pearls...Matthew 13:45
13:44. “The Kingdom of Heaven is like a treasure hidden in a field which a man, having found it, hid, and in joy went and sold all that he had and bought that field.
13:45. “Again the Kingdom of Heaven is like a merchant seeking good pearls
13:46. “who, when he had found one pearl of great price, went his way, and sold all that he had and bought it.
Again the Kingdom of Heaven is like a net
cast into the sea and gathering together of all kinds of fish
13:47. “Again the Kingdom of Heaven is like a net cast into the sea and gathering together of all kinds of fish
13:48. “which, when it was filled, they drew out, and sitting by the shore, they pick out the good and place them into vessels, but the bad they throw away.
13:49. “So shall it be at the end of the world. The Angels shall go out and shall separate the wicked from among the just.
13:50. “They shall cast them into the furnace of fire; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
13:51. “Have you understood all these things?” They said to Him, “Yes.”
13:52. Jesus said to them, “Therefore, every scribe instructed in the Kingdom of Heaven is like a man that is the head of the household, who brought forth out of his treasure new things and old.”
13:53. It came to pass, when Jesus had finished these parables, He passed from there.
13:54. Coming into His own country, Jesus taught them in their synagogues, so that they wondered and asked, “How did this man come by this wisdom and miracles?
13:55. “Is this not the carpenter's Son? Is not His mother called Mary, and His brethren James, and Joseph, and Simon, and Jude:
His brethren. . .According to the Douay-Rheims footnote, these were the children of Mary the wife of Cleophas, sister to our Blessed Lady, (St. Matt. 27:56; St. John 19:25,) and therefore, according to the usual style of the Scripture, they were called brethren, that is, near relations to our Savior. According to the chart in The Life of the Blessed Virgin Mary by Blessed Anne Catherine Emmerich, Jude Thaddeus, Simon Zelotes, and James the Less were the sons of Mary Cleophas who was the daughter of Cleophas and Maria Heli (sister of the Blessed Virgin). The chart mentions nothing about who the “Joseph” was.
13:56. “ Are His sisters not all with us? From where, therefore, has He acquired all these things?”
The chart in The Life of the Blessed Virgin Mary by Blessed Anne Catherine Emmerich does not mention who these are; the editors have not yet researched it in her other writings.