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Salm"on, n.; pl. Salmons or (collectively) salmon. Etym: [oe. Saumoun, salmon, f. saumon, fr. L. salmo, salmonis perhaps from Salire to leap. Cf. Sally, v.]

1. (zoöl.)

Defn: any one of several species of fishes of the genus salmo and Allied genera. The common salmon (salmo salar) of northern europe and Eastern north america, and the california salmon, or quinnat, are the Most important species. They are extensively preserved for food. See Quinnat.

Note: the salmons ascend rivers and penetrate to their head streams To spawn. They are remarkably strong fishes, and will even leap over Considerable falls which lie in the way of their progress. The common Salmon has been known to grow to the weight of seventy-five pounds; More generally it is from fifteen to twenty-five pounds. Young salmon Are called parr, peal, smolt, and grilse. Among the true salmons are: Black salmon, or lake salmon, the namaycush.

-- dog salmon, a salmon of western north america (oncorhynchus


-- humpbacked salmon, a pacific-coast salmon (oncorhynchus


-- king salmon, the quinnat.
-- landlocked salmon, a variety of the common salmon (var. Sebago),

Long confined in certain lakes in consequence of obstructions that Prevented it from returning to the sea. This last is called also Dwarf salmon. Among fishes of other families which are locally and Erroneously called salmon are: the pike perch, called jack salmon; The spotted, or southern, squeteague; the cabrilla, called kelp Salmon; young pollock, called sea salmon; and the california Yellowtail.

2. A reddish yellow or orange color, like the flesh of the salmon. Salmon berry (bot.), a large red raspberry growing from alaska to California, the fruit of the rubus nutkanus.

-- salmon killer (zoöl.), a stickleback (gasterosteus cataphractus)

Of western north america and northern asia.

-- salmon ladder, salmon stair. See fish ladder, under fish.
-- salmon peel, a young salmon.
-- salmon pipe, a certain device for catching salmon. Crabb.
-- salmon trout. (zoöl.) (a) the european sea trout (salmo trutta).

It resembles the salmon, but is smaller, and has smaller and more Numerous scales. (b) the american namaycush. (c) a name that is also Applied locally to the adult black spotted trout (salmo purpuratus), And to the steel head and other large trout of the pacific coast.

Salmon Salm"on, a.

Defn: of a reddish yellow or orange color, like that of the flesh of The salmon.

---excerpt from the Illustrated Bible Dictionary

Salmon - (1.)Garment, the son of Nashon (Ruth 4:20; Matthew 1:4, Matthew 1:5), possibly the same as Salma in 1 Chronicles 2:51. (2.) Shady; or Zalmon (q.v.), a hill covered with dark forests, south of Shechem, from which Abimelech and his men gathered wood to burn that city (Judges 9:48). In Psalms 68:14 the change from war to peace is likened to snow on the dark mountain, as some interpret the expression. Others suppose the words here mean that the bones of the slain left unburied covered the land, so that it seemed to be white as if covered with snow. The reference, however, of the psalm is probably to Josh. 11 and 12. The scattering of the kings and their followers is fitly likened unto the snow-flakes rapidly falling on the dark Salmon. It is the modern Jebel Suleiman.


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