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Category:Book of Deuteronomy

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THE BOOK OF DEUTERONOMY

This Book is called DEUTERONOMY, which signifies a SECOND LAW, because it repeats and inculcates the ordinances formerly given on Mount Sinai, with other precepts not expressed before. The Hebrews, from the first words in the book, call it ELLE HADDEBARIM.

Contents

Deuteronomy Chapter 1

A repetition of what passed at Sinai and Cadesbarne: and of the people's murmuring and their punishment.

1:1. These are the words, which Moses spoke to all Israel beyond the Jordan, in the plain wilderness, over against the Red Sea, between Pharan and Thophel and Laban and Haseroth, where there is very much gold.
1:2. Eleven days' journey from Horeb by the way of mount Seir to Cadesbarne.
1:3. In the fortieth year, the eleventh month, the first day of the month, Moses spoke to the children of Israel all that the Lord had commanded him to say to them:
1:4. After that he had slain Sehon king of the Amorrhites, who dwelt in Hesebon: and Og king of Basan who abode in Astaroth, and in Edrai,
1:5. Beyond the Jordan in the land of Moab. And Moses began to expound the law, and to say:
1:6. The Lord our God spoke to us in Horeb, saying: You have stayed long enough in this mountain:
Dueteronomy1:10]]
1:7. Turn you, and come to the mountain of the Amorrhites, and to the other places that are next to it, the plains and the hills and the vales towards the south, and by the sea shore, the land of the Canaanites, and of Lebanon, as far as the great river Euphrates.
1:8. Behold, said he, I have delivered it to you: go in and possess it, concerning which the Lord swore to your fathers Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, that he would give it to them, and to their seed after them.
1:9. And I said to you at that time:
1:10. I alone am not able to bear you: for the Lord your God has multiplied you, and you are this day as the stars of heaven, for multitude.
1:11. (The Lord God of your fathers add to this number many thousands, and bless you as he has spoken.)
1:12. I alone am not able to bear your business, and the charge of you and your differences.
1:13. Let me have from among you wise and understanding men, and such whose conversation is approved among your tribes, that I may appoint them your rulers.
1:14. Then you answered me: The thing is good which you meanest to do.
1:15. And I took out of your tribes men wise and honorable, and appointed them rulers, tribunes, and centurions, and officers over fifties, and over tens, who might teach you all things.
1:16. And I commanded them, saying: Hear them, and judge that which is just: whether he be one of your country, or a stranger.
1:17. There shall be no difference of persons, you shall hear the little as well as the great: neither shall you respect any man's person, because it is the judgment of God. And if any thing seem hard to you, refer it to me, and I will hear it.
1:18. And I commanded you all things that you were to do.
1:19. And departing from Horeb, we passed through the terrible and vast wilderness, which you saw, by the way of the mountain of the Amorrhite, as the Lord our God had commanded us. And when we were come into Cadesbarne,
1:20. I said to you: You are come to the mountain of the Amorrhite, which the Lord our God will give to us.
1:21. See the land which the Lord your God gives you: go up and possess it, as the Lord our God has spoken to your fathers: fear not, nor be any way discouraged.
1:22. And you came all to me, and said: Let us send men who may view the land, and bring us word what way we shall go up, and to what cities we shall go.
1:23. And because the saying pleased me, I sent of you twelve men, one of every tribe:
1:24. Who, when they had set forward and had gone up to the mountains, came as far as the valley of the cluster: and having viewed the land,
1:25. Taking of its fruits, to show its fertility, they brought them to us, and said: The land is good, which the Lord our God will give us.
1:26. And you would not go up, but being incredulous to the word of the Lord our God,
1:27. You murmured in your tents, and said: The Lord hates us, and therefore he has brought us out of the land of Egypt, that he might deliver us into the hand of the Amorrhite, and destroy us.
1:28. Whither shall we go up? The messengers have terrified our hearts, saying: The multitude is very great, and taller than we: the cities are great, and walled up to the sky, we have seen the sons of the Enacims there.

Walled up to the sky. . .A figurative expression, signifying the walls to be very high.

1:29. And I said to you: Fear not, neither be afraid of them:
1:30. The Lord God, who is your leader, himself will fight for you, as he did in Egypt in the sight of all.
1:31. And in the wilderness (as you have seen) the Lord your God has carried you, as a man is wont to carry his little son, all the way that you have come, until you came to this place.
1:32. And yet for all this you did not believe the Lord your God,
1:33. Who went before you in the way, and marked out the place, wherein you should pitch your tents, in the night showing you the way by fire, and in the day by the pillar of a cloud.
1:34. And when the Lord had heard the voice of your words, he was angry and swore, and said:
1:35. Not one of the men of this wicked generation shall see the good land, which I promised with an oath to your fathers:
1:36. Except Caleb the son of Jephone: for he shall see it, and to him I will give the land that he has trodden upon, and to his children, because he has followed the Lord.
1:37. Neither is his indignation against the people to be wondered at, since the Lord was angry with me also on your account, and said: Neither shall you go in thither.
1:38. But Joshua the son of Nun, your minister, he shall go in for you: exhort and encourage him, and he shall divide the land by lot to Israel.
1:39. Your children, of whom you said that they should be led away captives, and your sons who know not this day the difference of good and evil, they shall go in: and to them I will give the land, and they shall possess it.
1:40. But return you and go into the wilderness by the way of the Red Sea.
1:41. And you answered me: We have sinned against the Lord: we will go up and fight, as the Lord our God has commanded. And when you went ready armed unto the mountain,
1:42. The Lord said to me: Say to them: Go not up, and fight not, for I am not with you: lest you fall before your enemies.
1:43. I spoke, and you hearkened not: but resisting the commandment of the Lord, and swelling with pride, you went up into the mountain.
1:44. And the Amorrhite that dwelt in the mountains coming out, and meeting you, chased you, as bees do: and made slaughter of you from Seir as far as Horma.
1:45. And when you returned and wept before the Lord, he heard you not, neither would he yield to your voice.
1:46. So you abode in Cadesbarne a long time.

Deuteronomy Chapter 2

They are forbid to fight against the Edomites, Moabites, and Ammonites. Their victory over Sehon king of Hesebon.

2:1. And departing from thence we came into the wilderness that leads to the Red Sea, as the Lord had spoken to me: and we compassed mount Seir a long time.
2:2. And the Lord said to me:
2:3. You have compassed this mountain long enough: go toward the north:
2:4. And command you the people, saying: You shall pass by the borders of your brethren the children of Esau, who dwell in Seir, and they will be afraid of you.
2:5. Take then good heed that you stir not against them. For I will not give you of their land so much as the step of one foot can tread upon, because I have given mount Seir to Esau, for a possession.
2:6. You shall buy meats of them for money and shall eat: you shall draw waters for money, and shall drink.
2:7. The Lord your God has blessed you in every work of your hands: the Lord your God dwelling with you, knows your journey, how you have passed through this great wilderness, for forty years, and you have wanted nothing.
2:8. And when we had passed by our brethren the children of Esau, that dwelt in Seir, by the way of the plain from Elath and from Asiongaber, we came to the way that leads to the desert of Moab.
2:9. And the Lord said to me: Fight not against the Moabites, neither go to battle against them: for I will not give you any of their land, because I have given Ar to the children of Lot in possession.
2:10. The Emims first were its inhabitants, a people great, and strong, and so tall, that like the race of the Enacims,
2:11. They were esteemed as giants, and were like the sons of the Enacims. But the Moabites call them Emims.
2:12. The Horrhites also formerly dwelt in Seir: who being driven out and destroyed, the children of Esau dwelt there, as Israel did in the land of his possession, which the Lord gave him.
2:13. Then rising up to pass the torrent Zared, we came to it.
2:14. And the time that we journeyed from Cadesbarne till we passed over the torrent Zared, was thirty-eight years: until all the generation of the men that were fit for war was consumed out of the camp, as the Lord had sworn:
2:15. For his hand was against them, that they should perish from the midst of the camp.
2:16. And after all the fighting men were dead,
2:17. The Lord spoke to me, saying:
2:18. You shall pass this day the borders of Moab, the city named Ar:
2:19. And when you come near the frontiers of the children of Ammon, take heed you fight not against them, nor once move to battle: for I will not give you of the land of the children of Ammon, because I have given it to the children of Lot for a possession.
2:20. It was accounted a land of giants: and giants formerly dwelt in it, whom the Ammonites call Zomzommims,
2:21. A people great and many, and of tall stature, like the Enacims whom the Lord destroyed before their face: and he made them to dwell in their stead,
2:22. As he had done in favor of the children of Esau, that dwell in Seir, destroying the Horrhites, and delivering their land to them, which they possess to this day.
2:23. The Hevites also, that dwelt in Haserim as far as Gaza, were expelled by the Cappadocians: who came out of Cappadocia, and destroyed them and dwelt in their stead.
2:24. Arise and pass the torrent Arnon: Behold I have delivered into your hand Sehon king of Hesebon the Amorrhite, and begin you to possess his land and make war against him.
2:25. This day will I begin to send the dread and fear of you upon the nations that dwell under the whole heaven: that when they hear your name they may fear and tremble, and be in pain like women in travail.
2:26. So I sent messengers from the wilderness of Cademoth to Sehon the king of Hesebon with peaceable words, saying:
2:27. We will pass through your land, we will go along by the highway: we will not turn aside neither to the right hand nor to the left.
2:28. Sell us meat for money, that we may eat: give us water for money and so we will drink. We only ask that you will let us pass through,
2:29. As the children of Esau have done, that dwell in Seir, and the Moabites, that abide in Ar: until we come to the Jordan, and pass to the land which the Lord our God will give us.
2:30. And Sehon the king of Hesebon would not let us pass: because the Lord your God had hardened his spirit, and fixed his heart, that he might be delivered into your hands, as now you see.

Hardened, etc. . .That is, in punishment of his past sins he left him to his own stubborn and perverse disposition, which drew him to his ruin. See the note on Ex. 7.3.

2:31. And the Lord said to me: Behold I have begun to deliver unto you Sehon and his land, begin to possess it.
2:32. And Sehon came out to meet us with all his people to fight at Jasa.
2:33. And the Lord our God delivered him to us: and we slew him with his sons and all his people.
2:34. And we took all his cities at that time, killing the inhabitants of them, men and women and children. We left nothing of them:
2:35. Except the cattle which came to the share of them that took them: and the spoils of the cities, which we took:
2:36. From Aroer, which is upon the bank of the torrent Arnon, a town that is situate in a valley, as far as Galaad. There was not a village or city, that escaped our hands: the Lord our God delivered all unto us:
2:37. Except the land of the children of Ammon, to which we approached not: and all that border upon the torrent Jeboc, and the cities in the mountains, and all the places which the Lord our God forbade us.

Deuteronomy Chapter 3

The victory over Og king of Basan. Ruben, Gad, and half the tribe of Manasseh receive their possession on the other side of Jordan.

3:1. Then we turned and went by the way of Basan: and Og the king of Basan came out to meet us with his people to fight in Edrai.
3:2. And the Lord said to me: Fear him not: because he is delivered into your hand, with all his people and his land: and you shall do to him as you have done to Sehon king of the Amorrhites, that dwelt in Hesebon.
3:3. So the Lord our God delivered into our hands, Og also, the king of Basan, and all his people: and we utterly destroyed them,
3:4. Wasting all his cities at one time, there was not a town that escaped us: sixty cities, all the country of Argob the kingdom of Og in Basan.
3:5. All the cities were fenced with very high walls, and with gates and bars, besides innumerable towns that had no walls.
3:6. And we utterly destroyed them, as we had done to Sehon the king of Hesebon, destroying every city, men and women and children:
3:7. But the cattle and the spoils of the cities we took for our prey.
3:8. And we took at that time the land out of the hand of the two kings of the Amorrhites, that were beyond the Jordan: from the torrent Arnon unto the mount Hermon,
3:9. Which the Sidonians call Sarion, and the Amorrhites Sanir:
3:10. All the cities that are situate in the plain, and all the land of Galaad and Basan as far as Selcha and Edrai, cities of the kingdom of Og in Basan.
3:11. For only Og king of Basan remained of the race of the giants. His bed of iron is shown, which is in Rabbath of the children of Ammon, being nine cubits long, and four broad after the measure of the cubit of a man's hand.
3:12. And we possessed the land at that time from Aroer, which is upon the bank of the torrent Arnon, unto the half of mount Galaad: and I gave its cities to Reuben and Gad.
3:13. And I delivered the other part of Galaad, and all Basan the kingdom of Og to the half tribe of Manasses, all the country of Argob: and all Basan is called the Land of giants.
3:14. Jair the son of Manasses possessed all the country of Argob unto the borders of Gessuri, and Machati. And he called Basan by his own name, Havoth Jair, that is to say, the towns of Jair, until this present day.
3:15. To Machir also I gave Galaad.
3:16. And to the tribes of Ruben and Gad I gave of the land of Galaad as far as the torrent Arnon, half the torrent, and the confines even unto the torrent Jeboc, which is the border of the children of Ammon:
3:17. And the plain of the wilderness, and the Jordan, and the borders of Cenereth unto the sea of the desert, which is the most salt sea, to the foot of mount Phasga eastward.
3:18. And I commanded you at that time, saying: The Lord your God gives you this land for an inheritance, go well appointed before your brethren the children of Israel, all the strong men of you.
3:19. Leaving your wives and children and cattle. For I know you have much cattle, and they must remain in the cities, which I have delivered to you.
3:20. Until the Lord give rest to your brethren, as he has given to you: and they also possess the land, which he will give them beyond the Jordan: then shall every man return to his possession, which I have given you.
3:21. I commanded Joshua also at that time, saying: Your eyes have seen what the Lord your God has done to these two kings: so will he do to all the kingdoms to which you shall pass.
3:22. Fear them not: for the Lord your God will fight for you.
3:23. And I besought the Lord at that time, saying:
3:24. Lord God, you have begun to show unto your servant your greatness, and most mighty hand, for there is no other God either in heaven or earth, that is able to do your works, or to be compared to your strength.
3:25. I will pass over therefore, and will see this excellent land beyond the Jordan, and this goodly mountain, and Lebanon.
3:26. And the Lord was angry with me on your account and heard me not, but said to me: It is enough: speak no more to me of this matter.
3:27. Go up to the top of Phasga, and cast your eyes round about to the west, and to the north, and to the south, and to the east, and behold it, for you shall not pass this Jordan.
3:28. Command Joshua, and encourage and strengthen him: for he shall go before this people, and shall divide unto them the land which you shall see.
3:29. And we abode in the valley over against the temple of Phogor.

Deuteronomy Chapter 4

Moses exhorts the people to keep God's commandments: particularly to fly idolatry. He appoints three cities of refuge, on that side of the Jordan.

4:1. Now, O Israel, hear the commandments and judgments which I teach you: that doing them, you may live, and entering in may possess the land which the Lord the God of your fathers will give you.
4:2. You shall not add to the word that I speak to you, neither shall you take away from it: keep the commandments of the Lord your God which I command you.
4:3. Your eyes have seen all that the Lord has done against Beelphegor, how He has destroyed all his worshippers from among you.
4:4. But you that adhere to the Lord your God, are all alive until this present day.
4:5. You know that I have taught you statutes and justices, as the Lord my God has commanded me: so shall you do them in the land which you shall possess:
You shall teach them to your sons and to your grandsons...
Deuteronomy 4:9
4:6. You shall observe, and fulfill them in practice. For this is your wisdom, and understanding in the sight of nations, that hearing all these precepts, they may say: Behold a wise and understanding people, a great nation.
4:7. Neither is there any other nation so great, that has gods so near them, as our God is present to all our petitions.
4:8. For what other nation is there so renowned that has ceremonies, and just judgments, and all the law, which I will set forth this day before our eyes?
The Lord spoke to you from the midst of the fire. You heard the voice of His words, but you saw not any form at all.
Deuteronomy 4:11
4:9. Keep yourself therefore, and your soul carefully. Forget not the words that your eyes have seen, and let them not go out of your heart all the days of your life. You shall teach them to your sons and to your grandsons,
4:10. From the day in which you did stand before the Lord your God in Horeb, when the Lord spoke to me, saying: Call together the people unto me, that they may hear my words, and may learn to fear me all the time that they live on the earth, and may teach their children.
4:11. You came to the foot of the mount, which burned even unto Heaven: and there was darkness, and a cloud and obscurity in it.
4:12. The Lord spoke to you from the midst of the fire. You heard the voice of His words, but you saw not any form at all.
4:13. He showed you His covenant, which He commanded you to do, and the ten words that He wrote in two tables of stone.
4:14. He commanded me at that time that I should teach you the ceremonies and judgments which you shall do in the land, that you shall possess.
4:15. Keep therefore your souls carefully. You saw not any similitude in the day that the Lord God spoke to you in Horeb from the midst of the fire:
4:16. Lest perhaps being deceived you might make you a graven similitude, or image of male or female,
4:17. The similitude of any beasts, that are upon the earth, or of birds, that fly under Heaven,
4:18. or of creeping things, that move on the earth, or of fishes, that abide in the waters under the earth:
4:19. Lest perhaps lifting up your eyes to Heaven, you see the sun and the moon, and all the stars of Heaven, and being deceived by error you adore and serve them, which the Lord your God created for the service of all the nations, that are under Heaven.
4:20. But the Lord has taken you and brought you out of the iron furnaces of Egypt, to make you His people of inheritance, as it is this present day.
4:21. The Lord was angry with me for your words, and He swore that I should not pass over the Jordan, nor enter into the excellent land, which He will give you.
4:22. Behold I die in this land, I shall not pass over the Jordan: you shall pass, and possess the goodly land.
4:23. Beware lest you ever forget the covenant of the Lord your God, which He has made with you: and make to yourself a graven likeness of those things which the Lord has forbid to be made:
4:24. Because the Lord your God is a consuming fire, a jealous God.
4:25. If you shall beget sons and grandsons, and abide in the land, and being deceived, make to yourselves any similitude, committing evil before the Lord your God, to provoke Him to wrath:
4:26. I call this day Heaven and earth to witness, that you shall quickly perish out of the land, which, when you have passed over the Jordan, you shall possess. You shall not dwell therein long, but the Lord will destroy you,
4:27. and scatter you among all nations, and you shall remain a few among the nations, to which the Lord shall lead you.
4:28. There you shall serve gods, that were framed with men's hands: wood and stone, that neither see, nor hear, nor eat, nor smell.
4:29. When you shall seek there the Lord your God, you shall find Him: yet so, if you seek Him with all your heart, and all the affliction of your soul.
4:30. After all the things aforesaid shall find you, in the latter time you shall return to the Lord your God, and shall hear His voice.
4:31. Because the Lord your God is a merciful God: He will not leave you, nor altogether destroy you, nor forget the covenant, by which He swore to your fathers.
4:32. Ask of the days of old, that have been before your time from the day that God created man upon the earth, from one end of Heaven to its other end, if ever there was done the like thing, or it has been known at any time,
4:33. That a people should hear the voice of God speaking out of the midst of fire, as you have heard, and lived:
4:34. If God ever did so as to go, and take to Himself a nation out of the midst of nations by temptations, signs, and wonders, by fight, and a strong hand, and stretched out arm, and horrible visions according to all the things that the Lord your God did for you in Egypt, before your eyes.
4:35. That you might know that the Lord is God, and there is no other besides Him.
4:36. From Heaven He made you to hear His voice that He might teach you. Upon earth He showed you His exceeding great fire, and you did hear His words out of the midst of the fire,
4:37. because He loved your fathers, and chose their seed after them. He brought you out of Egypt, going before you with His great power,
Then Moses set aside three cities beyond the Jordan at the east side, that anyone might flee to them who should kill his neighbor unwillingly, and was not his enemy a day or two before, and that he might escape...
Deuteronomy 4:41-2
4:38. To destroy at your coming very great nations, and stronger than you are, and to bring you in, and give you their land for a possession, as you see at this present day.
4:39. Know therefore this day, and think in your heart that the Lord He is God in Heaven above, and in the earth beneath, and there is no other.
4:40. Keep His precepts and commandments, which I command you: that it may be well with you, and your children after you, and you may remain a long time upon the land, which the Lord your God will give you.
4:41. Then Moses set aside three cities beyond the Jordan at the east side,
4:42. that anyone might flee to them who should kill his neighbor unwillingly, and was not his enemy a day or two before, and that he might escape to some one of these cities:
4:43. Bosor in the wilderness, which is situated in the plains of the tribe of Reuben: and Ramoth in Galaad, which is in the tribe of Gad: and Golan in Basan, which is in the tribe of Manasseh.
4:44. This is the law, that Moses set before the children of Israel.
4:45. These are the testimonies and ceremonies and judgments, which he spoke to the children of Israel, when they came out of Egypt,
4:46. beyond the Jordan in the valley over against the temple of Phogor, in the land of Sehon king of the Amorrhites, that dwelt in Hesebon, whom Moses slew. The children of Israel coming out of Egypt,
4:47. possessed his land, and the land of Og king of Basan, of the two kings of the Amorrhites, who were beyond the Jordan towards the rising of the sun:
4:48. from Aroer, which is situated upon the bank of the torrent Arnon, unto mount Zion, which is also called Hermon,
4:49. all the plain beyond the Jordan at the east side, unto the sea of the wilderness, and unto the foot of mount Phasga.

Deuteronomy Chapter 5

The Ten Commandments are repeated and explained.

5:1. And Moses called all Israel, and said to them: Hear, O Israel, the ceremonies and judgments, which I speak in your ears this day: learn them, and fulfill them in work.
5:2. The Lord our God made a covenant with us in Horeb.
5:3. He did not make the covenant with our fathers, but with us, who are now present and living.
5:4. He spoke to us face to face in the mount out of the midst of fire.
5:5. I was the mediator and stood between the Lord and you at that time, to show you his words, for you feared the fire, and did not go up into the mountain, and he said:
5:6. I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
5:7. You shall not have strange gods in my sight.
5:8. You shall not make to yourself a graven thing, nor the likeness of any things, that are in heaven above, or that are in the earth beneath, or that abide in the waters under the earth.
5:9. You shall not adore them, and you shall not serve them. For I am the Lord your God, a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon their children unto the third and fourth generation, to them that hate me,
5:10. And showing mercy unto many thousands, to them that love me, and keep my commandments.
5:11. You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain: for he shall not be unpunished that takes his name upon a vain thing.
5:12. Observe the day of the Sabbath, to sanctify it, as the Lord your God has commanded you.
5:13. Six days shall you labor, and shall do all your works.
5:14. The seventh is the day of the Sabbath, that is, the rest of the Lord your God. You shall not do any work therein, you nor your son nor your daughter, nor your manservant nor your maidservant, nor your ox, nor your ass, nor any of your beasts, nor the stranger that is within your gates: that your manservant and your maidservant may rest, even as yourself.
5:15. Remember that you also did serve in Egypt, and the Lord your God brought you out from thence with a strong hand, and a stretched out arm. Therefore has he commanded you that you should observe the Sabbath day.
5:16. Honor your father and mother, as the Lord your God has commanded you, that you may live a long time, and it may be well with you in the land, which the Lord your God will give you.
5:17. You shall not kill.
5:18. Neither shall you commit adultery.
5:19. And you shall not steal.
5:20. Neither shall you bear false witness against your neighbor.
5:21. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife: nor his house, nor his field, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is his.
5:22. These words the Lord spoke to all the multitude of you in the mountain, out of the midst of the fire and the cloud, and the darkness, with a loud voice, adding nothing more: and he wrote them in two tables of stone, which he delivered unto me.
5:23. But you, after you heard the voice out of the midst of the darkness, and saw the mountain burn, came to me, all the princes of the tribes and the elders, and you said:
5:24. Behold the Lord our God has shown us his majesty and his greatness, we have heard his voice out of the midst of the fire, and have proved this day that God speaking with man, man has lived.
5:25. Why shall we die therefore, and why shall this exceeding great fire consume us: for if we hear the voice of the Lord our God any more, we shall die.
5:26. What is all flesh, that it should hear the voice of the living God, who speaks out of the midst of the fire, as we have heard, and be able to live?
5:27. Approach you rather: and hear all things that the Lord our God shall say to you, and you shall speak to us, and we will hear and will do them.
5:28. And when the Lord had heard this, he said to me: I have heard the voice of the words of this people, which they spoke to you: they have spoken all things well.
5:29. Who shall give them to have such a mind, to fear me, and to keep all my commandments at all times, that it may be well with them and with their children forever?
5:30. Go and say to them: Return into your tents.
5:31. But stand you here with me, and I will speak to you all my commandments, and ceremonies and judgments: which you shall teach them, that they may do them in the land, which I will give them for a possession.
5:32. Keep therefore and do the things which the Lord God has commanded you: you shall not go aside neither to the right hand, nor to the left.
5:33. But you shall walk in the way that the Lord your God has commanded, that you may live, and it may be well with you, and your days may be long in the land of your possession.

Deuteronomy Chapter 6

You shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be and shall move between your eyes.
Deuteronomy 6:8

An exhortation to the love of God, and obedience to His law.

6:1. These are the precepts, and ceremonies, and judgments, which the Lord your God commanded that I should teach you, and that you should do them in the land into which you pass over to possess it:
6:2. That you may fear the Lord your God, and keep all His commandments and precepts, which I command you, and your sons, and your grandsons, all the days of your life, that your days may be prolonged.
6:3. Hear, O Israel, and observe to do the things which the Lord has commanded you, that it may be well with you, and you may be greatly multiplied, as the Lord the God of your fathers has promised you a land flowing with milk and honey.
You shall write them in the entry, and on the doors of your house.
Deuteronomy 6:9
6:4. Hear, O Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord.
6:5. You shall love the Lord your God with your whole heart, and with your whole soul, and with your whole strength.
6:6. These words which I command you this day, shall be in your heart:
6:7. You shall tell them to your children, and you shall meditate upon them sitting in your house, and walking on your journey, sleeping and rising.
6:8. You shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be and shall move between your eyes.
6:9. You shall write them in the entry, and on the doors of your house.
6:10. When the Lord your God shall have brought you into the land, for which He swore to your fathers Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob: and shall have given you great and goodly cities, which you did not build,
6:11. Houses full of riches, which you did not set up, cisterns which you did not dig, vineyards and oliveyards, which you did not plant,
6:12. You shall have eaten and be full:
6:13. Take heed diligently lest you forget the Lord, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. You shall fear the Lord your God, and shall serve Him only, and you shall swear by His name.
6:14. You shall not go after the strange gods of all the nations, that are round about you:
6:15. Because the Lord your God is a jealous God in the midst of you: lest at any time the wrath of the Lord your God be kindled against you, and take you away from the face of the earth.
6:16. You shall not tempt the Lord your God, as you tempted Him in the place of temptation.
6:17. Keep the precepts of the Lord your God, and the testimonies and ceremonies which He has commanded you.
6:18. Do that which is pleasing and good in the sight of the Lord, that it may be well with you: and going in you may possess the goodly land, concerning which the Lord swore to your fathers,
6:19. That He would destroy all your enemies before you, as He has spoken.
6:20. When your son shall ask you tomorrow, saying: What do testimonies, and ceremonies and judgments mean, which the Lord our God has commanded us?
6:21. You shall say to him: We were bondmen of Pharaoh in Egypt, and the Lord brought us out of Egypt with a strong hand.
6:22. He wrought signs and wonders great and very grievous in Egypt against Pharaoh, and all his house, in our sight,
6:23. He brought us out from there, that He might bring us in and give us the land, concerning which He swore to our fathers.
6:24. The Lord commanded that we should do all these ordinances, and should fear the Lord our God, that it might be well with us all the days of our life, as it is at this day.
6:25. He will be merciful to us, if we keep and do all His precepts before the Lord our God, as He has commanded us.

Deuteronomy Chapter 7

No league nor fellowship to be made with the Canaanites: God promises his people his blessing and assistance, if they keep his commandments.

7:1. When the Lord your God shall have brought you into the land, which you are going in to possess, and shall have destroyed many nations before you, the Hethite, and the Gergezite, and the Amorrhite, and the Chanaanite, and the Pherezite, and the Hevite, and the Jebusite, seven nations much more numerous than you are, and stronger than you:
7:2. And the Lord your God shall have delivered them to you, you shall utterly destroy them. You shall make no league with them, nor show mercy to them:
7:3. Neither shall you make marriages with them. You shall not give your daughter to his son, nor take his daughter for your son:
7:4. For she will turn away your son from following me, that he may rather serve strange gods, and the wrath of the Lord will be kindled, and will quickly destroy you.
7:5. But thus rather shall you deal with them: Destroy their altars, and break their statues, and cut down their groves, and burn their graven things.
7:6. Because you are a holy people to the Lord your God. The Lord your God has chosen you, to be his peculiar people of all peoples that are upon the earth.
7:7. Not because you surpass all nations in number, is the Lord joined unto you, and has chosen you, for you are the fewest of any people:
7:8. But because the Lord has loved you, and has kept his oath, which he swore to your fathers: and has brought you out with a strong hand, and redeemed you from the house of bondage, out of the hand of Pharaoh the king of Egypt.
7:9. And you shall know that the Lord your God, he is a strong and faithful God, keeping his covenant and mercy to them that love him, and to them that keep his commandments, unto a thousand generations:
7:10. And repaying forthwith them that hate him, so as to destroy them, without further delay immediately rendering to them what they deserve.
7:11. Keep therefore the precepts and ceremonies and judgments, which I command you this day to do.
7:12. If after you have heard these judgments, you keep and do them, the Lord your God will also keep his covenant to you, and the mercy which he swore to your fathers:
7:13. And he will love you and multiply you, and will bless the fruit of your womb, and the fruit of your land, your corn, and your vintage, your oil, and your herds, and the flocks of your sheep upon the land, for which he swore to your fathers that he would give it you.
7:14. Blessed shall you be among all people. No one shall be barren among you of either gender, neither of men nor cattle.
7:15. The Lord will take away from you all sickness: and the grievous infirmities of Egypt, which you know, he will not bring upon you, but upon your enemies.
7:16. You shall consume all the people, which the Lord your God will deliver to you. Your eye shall not spare them, neither shall you serve their gods, lest they be your ruin.
7:17. If you say in your heart: These nations are more than I, how shall I be able to destroy them?
7:18. Do not fear, but remember what the Lord your God did to Pharaoh and to all the Egyptians,
7:19. The exceeding great plagues, which your eyes saw, and the signs and wonders, and the strong hand, and the stretched out arm, with which the Lord your God brought you out: so will he do to all the people, whom you fear.
7:20. Moreover the Lord your God will send also hornets among them, until he destroy and consume all that have escaped you, and could hide themselves.
7:21. You shall not fear them, because the Lord your God is in the midst of you, a God mighty and terrible:
7:22. He will consume these nations in your sight by little and little and by degrees. You will not be able to destroy them altogether: lest perhaps the beasts of the earth should increase upon you.
7:23. But the Lord your God shall deliver them in your sight: and shall slay them until they be utterly destroyed.
7:24. And he shall deliver their kings into your hands, and you shall destroy their names from under Heaven: no man shall be able to resist you, until you destroy them.
7:25. Their graven things you shall burn with fire: you shall not covet the silver and gold of which they are made, neither shall you take to yourself anything of it, lest you offend, because it is an abomination to the Lord your God.

Graven things. . .Idols, so called by contempt.

7:26. Neither shall you bring any thing of the idol into your house, lest you become an anathema, like it. You shall detest it, and shall utterly abhor it as uncleanness and filth, because it is an anathema.

Deuteronomy Chapter 8

The people is put in mind of God's dealings with them, to the end that they may love him and serve him.

8:1. All the commandments, that I command you this day, take great care to observe: that you may live, and be multiplied, and going in may possess the land, for which the Lord swore to your fathers.
8:2. You shall remember all the way through which the Lord your God has brought you for forty years through the desert, to afflict you and to prove you, and that the things that were known in your heart might be made known, whether you would keep His commandments or not.
8:3. He afflicted you with want, and gave you manna for your food, which neither you nor your fathers knew: to show that not in bread alone does man live, but in every word that proceeds from the mouth of God.

Not in bread alone, etc. . .That is, that God is able to make food of what He pleases for the support of man.

8:4. Your raiment, with which you were covered, has not decayed for age, and your foot is not worn, lo this is the fortieth year,
8:5. That you may consider in your heart, that as a man trains up his son, so the Lord your God has trained you up.
8:6. That you should keep the commandments of the Lord your God, and walk in His ways, and fear Him.
8:7. For the Lord your God will bring you into a good land, of brooks and of waters, and of fountains: in the plains of which and the hills deep rivers break out:
8:8. A land of wheat, and barley, and vineyards, wherein fig trees and pomegranates, and oliveyards grow: a land of oil and honey.
8:9. Where without any want you shall eat your bread, and enjoy abundance of all things: where the stones are iron, and out of its hills are dug mines of brass:
8:10. That when you have eaten, and are full, you may bless the Lord your God for the excellent land which he has given you.
8:11. Take heed, and beware lest at any time you forget the Lord your God, and neglect His commandments and judgments and ceremonies, which I command you this day:
8:12. Lest after you have eaten and are filled, have built goodly houses, and dwelt in them,
8:13. and shall have herds of oxen and flocks of sheep, and plenty of gold and of silver, and of all things,
8:14. Your heart be lifted up, and you remember not the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage:
8:15. and was your leader in the great and terrible wilderness, wherein there was the serpent burning with his breath, and the scorpion and the dipsas, and no waters at all: who brought forth streams out of the hardest rock,

The Dipsas. . .A serpent whose bite causes a violent thirst; from whence it has its name, for in Greek dipsa signifies thirst.

But remember the Lord your God ...
Deuteronomy 8:18
8:16. and fed you in the wilderness with manna which your fathers knew not. And after he had afflicted and proved you, at the last he had mercy on you,
8:17. Lest you should say in your heart: My own might, and the strength of my own hand have achieved all these things for me.
8:18. But remember the Lord your God, that he has given you strength, that he might fulfill his covenant, concerning which he swore to your fathers, as this present day shows.
8:19. But if you forget the Lord your God, and follow strange gods, and serve and adore them: behold now I foretell you that you shall utterly perish.
8:20. As the nations, which the Lord destroyed at your entrance, so shall you also perish, if you be disobedient to the voice of the Lord your God.

Deuteronomy Chapter 9

Lest they should impute their victories to their own merits, they are put in mind of their manifold rebellions and other sins, for which they should have been destroyed, but God spared them for his promise made to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

9:1. Hear, O Israel: You shall go over the Jordan this day; to possess nations very great, and stronger than yourself, cities great, and walled up to the sky,
9:2. A people great and tall, the sons of the Enacims, whom you have seen, and heard of, against whom no man is able to stand.
9:3. You shall know therefore this day that the Lord your God himself will pass over before you, a devouring and consuming fire, to destroy and extirpate and bring them to nothing before your face quickly, as he has spoken to you.
9:4. Say not in your heart, when the Lord your God shall have destroyed them in your sight: For my justice has the Lord brought me in to possess this land, whereas these nations are destroyed for their wickedness.
9:5. For it is not for your justices, and the uprightness of your heart that you shall go in to possess their lands: but because they have done wickedly, they are destroyed at your coming in: and that the Lord might accomplish his word, which he promised by oath to your fathers Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
9:6. Know therefore that the Lord your God gives you not this excellent land in possession for your justices, for you are a very stiff-necked people.
9:7. Remember, and do not forget how you provoked the Lord your God to wrath in the wilderness. From the day that you came out of Egypt unto this place, you have always strove against the Lord.
9:8. For in Horeb, also you did provoke him, and he was angry, and would have destroyed you,
9:9. When I went up into the mount to receive the tables of stone, the tables of the covenant which the Lord made with you: and I continued in the mount forty days and nights, neither eating bread, nor drinking water.
9:10. And the Lord gave me two tables of stone written with the finger of God, and containing all the words that he spoke to you in the mount from the midst of the fire, when the people were assembled together.
9:11. And when forty days were passed, and as many nights, the Lord gave me the two tables of stone, the tables of the covenant,
9:12. And said to me: Arise, and go down from hence quickly: for your people, which you have brought out of Egypt, have quickly forsaken the way that you have shown them, and have made to themselves a molten idol.
9:13. And again the Lord said to me: I see that this people is stiff-necked:
9:14. Let me alone that I may destroy them, and abolish their name from under heaven, and set you over a nation, that is greater and stronger than this.
9:15. And when I came down from the burning mount, and held the two tables of the covenant with both hands,
9:16. And saw that you had sinned against the Lord your God, and had made to yourselves a molten calf, and had quickly forsaken his way, which he had shown you:
9:17. I cast the tables out of my hands, and broke them in your sight.
9:18. And I fell down before the Lord as before, forty days and nights neither eating bread, nor drinking water, for all your sins, which you had committed against the Lord, and had provoked him to wrath:
9:19. For I feared his indignation and anger, wherewith being moved against you, he would have destroyed you. And the Lord heard me this time also.
9:20. And he was exceeding angry against Aaron also, and would have destroyed him, and I prayed in like manner for him.
9:21. And your sin that you had committed, that is, the calf, I took, and burned it with fire, and breaking it into pieces, until it was as small as dust, I threw it into the torrent, which cometh down from the mountain.
9:22. At the burning also, and at the place of temptation, and at Kibroth-hattaavah you provoked the Lord:
9:23. And when he sent you from Cadesbarne, saying: Go up, and possess the land that I have given you, and you slighted the commandment of the Lord your God, and did not believe him, neither would you hearken to his voice:
9:24. But were always rebellious from the day that I began to know you.
9:25. And I lay prostrate before the Lord forty days and nights, in which I humbly besought him, that he would not destroy you as he had threatened:
9:26. And praying, I said: O Lord God, destroy not your people, and your inheritance, which you have redeemed in your greatness, whom you have brought out of Egypt with a strong hand.
9:27. Remember your servants Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob: look not on the stubbornness of this people, nor on their wickedness and sin:
9:28. Lest perhaps the inhabitants of the land, out of which you have brought us, say: The Lord could not bring them into the land that he promised them, and he hated them: therefore he brought them out, that he might kill them in the wilderness,
9:29. Who are your people and your inheritance, whom you have brought out by your great strength, and in your stretched out arm.

Deuteronomy Chapter 10

God gives the second tables of the law: a further exhortation to fear and serve the Lord.

10:1. At that time the Lord said to me: Hew you two tables of stone like the former, and come up to me into the mount: and you shall make an ark of wood,
10:2. I will write on the tables the words that were in them, which you broke before, and you shall put them in the ark.
10:3. I made an ark of setim wood. And when I had hewn two tables of stone like the former, I went up into the mount, having them in my hands.
10:4. He wrote in the tables, according as he had written before, the ten words, which the Lord spoke to you in the mount from the midst of the fire, when the people were assembled: and he gave them to me.
10:5. Returning from the mount, I came down, and put the tables into the ark, that I had made, and they are there till this present, as the Lord commanded me.
10:6. The children of Israel removed their camp from Beroth, of the children of Jacan into Mosera, where Aaron died and was buried, and Eleazar his son succeeded him in the priestly office.

Mosera. . .By mount Hor, for there Aaron died, Num. 20. This and the following verses seem to be inserted by way of parenthesis.

10:7. From thence they came to Gadgad, from which place they departed, and camped in Jetebatha, in a land of waters and torrents.
10:8. At that time he separated the tribe of Levi, to carry the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and to stand before him in the ministry, and to bless in his name until this present day.
10:9. Wherefore Levi has no part nor possession with his brethren: because the Lord himself is his possession, as the Lord your God promised him.
10:10. I stood in the mount, as before, forty days and nights: and the Lord heard me this time also, and would not destroy you.
10:11. He said to me: Go, and walk before the people, that they may enter, and possess the land, which I swore to their fathers that I would give them.
10:12. Now, Israel, what does the Lord your God require of you, but that you fear the Lord your God, and walk in his ways, and love him, and serve the Lord your God, with all your heart, and with all your soul:
10:13. Keep the commandments of the Lord, and his ceremonies, which I command you this day, that it may be well with you?
10:14. Behold Heaven is the Lord's your God, and the Heaven of Heaven, the earth and all things that are therein.
10:15. Yet the Lord has been closely joined to your fathers, and loved them and chose their seed after them, that is to say, you, out of all nations, as this day it is proved.
10:16. Circumcise therefore ***your heart, and stiffen your neck no more.
...the Lord your God has multiplied you as the stars of Heaven...
Deuteronomy 10:22
10:17. Because the Lord your God he is the God of gods, and the Lord of lords, a great God and mighty and terrible, who accepts no person nor takes bribes.
10:18. He does judgment to the fatherless and the widow, loves the stranger, and gives him food and raiment.
10:19. Therefore, love strangers because you also were strangers in the land of Egypt.
10:20. You shall fear the Lord your God, and serve him only: to him you shall adhere, and shall swear by his name.
10:21. He is your praise, and your God, that has done for you these great and terrible things, which your eyes have seen.
10:22. In seventy souls your fathers went down into Egypt: and behold now the Lord your God has multiplied you as the stars of Heaven.

Deuteronomy Chapter 11

The love and service of God are still inculcated, with a blessing to them that serve him, and threats of punishment if they forsake his law.

11:1. Therefore love the Lord your God and observe his precepts and ceremonies, his judgments and commandments at all times.
11:2. Know this day the things that your children know not, who saw not the chastisements of the Lord your God, his great doings and strong hand, and stretched out arm,
11:3. The signs and works which he did in the midst of Egypt to king Pharaoh, and to all his land,
11:4. And to all the host of the Egyptians, and to their horses and chariots: how the waters of the Red Sea covered them, when they pursued you, and how the Lord destroyed them until this present day:
11:5. And what he has done to you in the wilderness, till you came to this place:
11:6. And to Dathan and Abiron the sons of Eliab, who was the son of Ruben: whom the earth, opening her mouth swallowed up with their households and tents, and all their substance, which they had in the midst of Israel.
11:7. Your eyes have seen all the great works of the Lord, that he has done,
11:8. That you may keep all his commandments, which I command you this day, and may go in, and possess the land, to which you are entering,
11:9. And may live in it a long time: which the Lord promised by oath to your fathers, and to their seed, a land which flows with milk and honey.
11:10. For the land, which you go to possess, is not like the land of Egypt, from whence you came out, where, when the seed is sown, waters are brought in to water it after the manner of gardens.
11:11. But it is a land of hills and plains, expecting rain from heaven.
11:12. And the Lord your God does always visit it, and his eyes are on it from the beginning of the year unto its end.
11:13. If then you obey my commandments, which I command you this day, that you love the Lord your God, and serve him with all your heart, and with all your soul:
11:14. He will give to your land the early rain and the latter rain, that you may gather in your corn, and your wine, and your oil,
11:15. And your hay out of the fields to feed your cattle, and that you may eat and be filled.
11:16. Beware lest perhaps your heart be deceived, and you depart from the Lord, and serve strange gods, and adore them:
11:17. And the Lord being angry shut up heaven, that the rain come not down, nor the earth yield her fruit, and you perish quickly from the excellent land, which the Lord will give you.
11:18. Lay up these words in your hearts and minds, and hang them for a sign on your hands, and place them between your eyes.
11:19. Teach your children that they meditate on them, when you sit in your house, and when you walk on the way, and when you lie down and rise up.
11:20. You shall write them upon the posts and the doors of your house:
11:21. That your days may be multiplied, and the days of your children in the land which the Lord swore to your fathers, that he would give them as long as heaven hangs over the earth.
11:22. For if you keep the commandments which I command you, and do them, to love the Lord your God, and walk in all his ways, cleaving unto him,
11:23. The Lord will destroy all these nations before your face, and you shall possess them, which are greater and stronger than you.
11:24. Every place, that your foot shall tread upon, shall be yours. From the desert, and from Lebanon, from the great river Euphrates unto the western sea shall be your borders.
11:25. None shall stand against you: the Lord your God shall lay the dread and fear of you upon all the land that you shall tread upon, as he has spoken to you.
11:26. Behold I set forth in your sight this day a blessing and a curse:
11:27. A blessing, if you obey the commandments of the Lord your God, which I command you this day:
11:28. A curse, if you obey not the commandments of the Lord your God, but revolt from the way which now I show you, and walk after strange gods which you know not.
11:29. And when the Lord your God shall have brought you into the land, whither you go to dwell, you shall put the blessing upon mount Garizim, the curse upon mount Hebal:

Put the blessing, et. . .See Deut. 27.12, etc. and Joshua 8.33, etc.

11:30. Which are beyond the Jordan, behind the way that goes to the setting of the sun, in the land of the Canaanite who dwells in the plain country over against Galgala, which is near the valley that reaches and enters far.
11:31. For you shall pass over the Jordan, to possess the land, which the Lord your God will give you, that you may have it and possess it.
11:32. See therefore that you fulfill the ceremonies and judgments, which I shall set this day before you.

Deuteronomy Chapter 12

All idolatry must be extirpated: sacrifices, tithes, and first fruits must be offered in one only place: all eating of blood is prohibited.

12:1. These are the precepts and judgments, that you must do in the land, which the Lord the God of your fathers will give you, to possess it all the days that you shall walk upon the earth.
12:2. Destroy all the places in which the nations, that you shall possess, worshipped their gods upon high mountains, and hills, and under every shady tree:
12:3. Overthrow their altars, and break down their statues, burn their groves with fire, and break their idols in pieces: destroy their names out of those places.
12:4. You shall not do so to the Lord your God:
12:5. But you shall come to the place, which the Lord your God shall choose out of all your tribes, to put his name there, and to dwell in it:
12:6. And you shall offer in that place your holocausts and victims, the tithes and first fruits of your hands and your vows and gifts, the firstborn of your herds and your sheep.
12:7. And you shall eat there in the sight of the Lord your God: and you shall rejoice in all things, whereunto you shall put your hand, you and your houses wherein the Lord your God has blessed you.
12:8. You shall not do there the things we do here this day, every man that which seems good to himself.
12:9. For until this present time you are not come to rest, and to the possession, which the Lord your God will give you.
12:10. You shall pass over the Jordan, and shall dwell in the land which the Lord your God will give you, that you may have rest from all enemies round about: and may dwell without any fear,
12:11. In the place, which the Lord your God shall choose, that his name may be therein. Thither shall you bring all the things that I command you, holocausts, and victims, and tithes, and the first fruits of your hands: and whatsoever is the choicest in the gifts which you shall vow to the Lord.
12:12. There shall you feast before the Lord your God, you and your sons and your daughters, your menservants and maidservants, and the Levite that dwells in your cities. For he has no other part and possession among you.
12:13. Beware lest you offer your holocausts in every place that you shall see:
12:14. But in the place which the Lord shall choose in one of your tribes shall you offer sacrifices, and shall do all that I command you.
12:15. But if you desire to eat, and the eating of flesh delight you, kill, and eat according to the blessing of the Lord your God, which he has given you, in your cities: whether it be unclean, that is to say, having blemish or defect: or clean, that is to say, sound and without blemish, such as may be offered, as the roe, and the hart, shall you eat it:
12:16. Only the blood you shall not eat, but you shall pour it out upon the earth as water.
12:17. You may not eat in your towns the tithes of your corn, and your wine, and your oil, the firstborn of your herds and your cattle, nor anything that you vow, and that you will offer voluntarily, and the first fruits of your hands:
12:18. But you shall eat them before the Lord your God in the place which the Lord your God shall choose, you and your son and your daughter, and your manservant, and maidservant, and the Levite that dwells in your cities: and you shall rejoice and be refreshed before the Lord your God in all things, whereunto you shall put your hand.
12:19. Take heed you do not forsake the Levite all the time that you live in the land.
12:20. When the Lord your God shall have enlarged your borders, as he has spoken to you, and you will eat the flesh that your soul desires:
12:21. And if the place which the Lord your God shall choose, that his name should be there, be far off, you shall kill of your herds and of your flocks, as I have commanded you, and shall eat in your towns, as it pleases you.
12:22. Even as the roe and the hart is eaten, so shall you eat them: both the clean and unclean shall eat of them alike.
12:23. Only beware of this, that you eat not the blood, for the blood is for the soul: and therefore you must not eat the soul with the flesh:
12:24. But you shall pour it upon the earth as water,
12:25. That it may be well with you and your children after you, when you shall do that which is pleasing in the sight of the Lord.
12:26. But the things which you have sanctified and vowed to the Lord, you shall take, and shall come to the place which the Lord shall choose:
12:27. And shall offer your oblations, the flesh and the blood upon the altar of the Lord your God: the blood of your victims you shall pour on the altar: and the flesh you yourself shall eat.
12:28. Observe and hear all the things that I command you, that it may be well with you and your children after you forever, when you shall do what is good and pleasing in the sight of the Lord your God.
12:29. When the Lord your God shall have destroyed before your face the nations, which you shall go in to possess, and when you shall possess them, and dwell in their land:
12:30. Beware lest you imitate them, after they are destroyed at your coming in, and lest you seek after their ceremonies, saying: As these nations have worshipped their gods, so will I also worship.
12:31. You shall not do in like manner to the Lord your God. For they have done to their gods all the abominations which the Lord abhors, offering their sons and daughters, and burning them with fire.
12:32. What I command you, that only do you to the Lord: neither add anything, nor diminish.

That only do you, etc. . .They are forbid here to follow the ceremonies of the heathens; or to make any alterations in the divine ordinances.

Deuteronomy Chapter 13

False prophets must be slain, and idolatrous cities destroyed.

13:1. If there rise in the midst of you a prophet or one that says he has dreamed a dream, and he foretell a sign and a wonder,
13:2. And that come to pass which he spoke, and he say to you: Let us go and follow strange gods, which you do not know, and let us serve them:
13:3. You shall not hear the words of that prophet or dreamer: for the Lord your God tries you, that it may appear whether you love him with all your heart, and with all your soul, or not.
13:4. Follow the Lord your God, and fear him, and keep his commandments, and hear his voice: him you shall serve, and to him you shall cling.
13:5. And that prophet or forger of dreams shall be slain: because he spoke to draw you away from the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, and redeemed you from the house of bondage: to make you go out of the way, which the Lord your God commanded you: and you shall take away the evil out of the midst of you.
13:6. If your brother the son of your mother, or your son, or daughter, or your wife that is in your bosom, or your friend, whom you love as your own soul, would persuade you secretly, saying: Let us go and serve strange gods, which neither you nor your fathers know,
13:7. Of all the nations round about, that are near or afar off, from one end of the earth to the other,
13:8. do not consent to him, do not listen to him, neither let your eye spare him to pity and conceal him,
13:9. but you shall immediately put him to death. Let your hand be first upon him, and afterwards the hands of all the people.
13:10. With stones shall he be stoned to death: because he would have withdrawn you from the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage:
13:11. That all Israel hearing may fear, and may do no more anything like this.
13:12. If in one of your cities, which the Lord your God shall give you to dwell in, you hear some say:
13:13. Children of Belial have gone out of the midst of you, and have withdrawn the inhabitants of their city, and have said: Let us go, and serve strange gods which you do not know:
...that the Lord may turn from the wrath of his fury, and may have mercy on you, and multiply you as he swore to your fathers,...
Deuteronomy 13:17

Belial. . .That is, without yoke. Hence the wicked, who refuse to be subject to the divine law, are called in scripture the children of Belial.

13:14. Inquire carefully and diligently, the truth of the thing by looking well into it, and if you find that which is said to be certain, and that this abomination has been really committed,
13:15. You shall forthwith kill the inhabitants of that city with the edge of the sword, and shall destroy it and all things that are in it, even the cattle.
13:16. And all the household goods that are there, you shall gather together in the midst of its streets, and shall burn them with the city itself, so as to consume all for the Lord your God, and that it be a heap forever: it shall be built no more.
13:17. And there shall nothing of that anathema stick to your hand: that the Lord may turn from the wrath of his fury, and may have mercy on you, and multiply you as he swore to your fathers,
13:18. When you shall hear the voice of the Lord your God, keeping all his precepts, which I command you this day, that you may do what is pleasing in the sight of the Lord your God.

Deuteronomy Chapter 14

In mourning for the dead they are not to follow the ways of the Gentiles: the distinction of clean and unclean meats: ordinances concerning tithes, and first fruits.

14:1. Be children of the Lord your God: you shall not cut yourselves, nor make any baldness for the dead;
14:2. Because you are a holy people to the Lord your God: and he chose you to be his peculiar people of all nations that are upon the earth.
14:3. Eat not the things that are unclean.

Unclean. . .See the annotations on Lev. 11.

14:4. These are the beasts that you shall eat, the ox, and the sheep, and the goat,
14:5. The hart and the roe, the buffle, the chamois, the pygarg, the wild goat, the camelopardalus.
14:6. Every beast that divides the hoof in two parts, and chews the cud, you shall eat.
14:7. But of them that chew the cud, but divide not the hoof, you shall not eat, such as the camel, the hare, and the cherogril: because they chew the cud, but divide not the hoof, they shall be unclean to you.
14:8. The swine also, because it divides the hoof, but does not chew the cud, shall be unclean, their flesh you shall not eat, and their carcasses you shall not touch.
14:9. These shall you eat of all that abide in the waters: All that have fins and scales, you shall eat.
14:10. Such as are without fins and scales, you shall not eat, because they are unclean.
14:11. All birds that are clean you shall eat.
14:12. The unclean eat not: to wit, the eagle, and the grype, and the osprey,
14:13. The ringtail, and the vulture, and the kite according to their kind:
14:14. And all of the raven's kind:
14:15. And the ostrich, and the owl, and the larus, and the hawk according to its kind:
14:16. The heron, and the swan, and the stork,
14:17. And the cormorant, the porphirion, and the night crow,
14:18. The bittern, and the charadrion, every one in their kind: the houp also and the bat.
14:19. Everything that creeps, and has little wings, shall be unclean, and shall not be eaten.
14:20. All that is clean, you shall eat.
14:21. But whatever is dead of itself, eat not of it. Give it to the stranger, that is within your gates, to eat, or sell it to him: because you are the holy people of the Lord your God. You shall not boil a kid in the milk of his dam.
14:22. Every year you shall set aside the tithes of all your fruits that the earth brings forth,
14:23. And you shall eat before the Lord your God in the place which he shall choose, that his name may be called upon therein, the tithe of your corn, and your wine, and your oil, and the firstborn of your herds and your sheep: that you may learn to fear the Lord your God at all times.
14:24. But when the way and the place which the Lord your God shall choose, are far off, and he has blessed you, and you canst not carry all these things thither,
14:25. You shall sell them all, and turn them into money, and shall carry it in your hand, and shall go to the place which the Lord shall choose:
14:26. And you shall buy with the same money whatever pleases you, either of the herds or of sheep, wine also and strong drink, and all that your soul desires: and you and your house shall eat before the Lord your God and feast:
14:27. And the Levite that is within your gates, beware you do not forsake him, because he has no other part in your possession.
14:28. The third year you shall separate another tithe of all things that grow to you at that time, and shall lay it up within your gates.
14:29. And the Levite that has no other part nor possession with you, and the stranger and the fatherless and the widow, that are within your gates, shall come and shall eat and be filled: that the Lord your God may bless you in all the works of your hands that you shall do.

Deuteronomy Chapter 15

The law of the seventh year of remission. The firstlings of cattle are to be sanctified to the Lord.

15:1. In the seventh year you shall make a remission,
15:2. Which shall be celebrated in this order. He to whom anything is owing from his friend or neighbor or brother, cannot demand it again, because it is the year of remission of the Lord.
15:3. Of the foreigner or stranger you may exact it: of your countryman and neighbor you shall not have power to demand it again.
15:4. And there shall be no poor nor beggar among you: that the Lord your God may bless you in the land which he will give you in possession.
15:5. Yet so if you hear the voice of the Lord your God, and keep all things that he has ordained, and which I command you this day, he will bless you, as he has promised.
15:6. You shall lend to many nations, and you shall borrow of no man. You shall have dominion over very many nations, and no one shall have dominion over you.
15:7. If one of your brethren that dwells within your gates of your city in the land which the Lord your God will give you, come to poverty: you shall not harden your heart, nor close your hand,
15:8. But shall open it to the poor man, you shall lend him, that which you perceive he has need of.
15:9. Beware lest perhaps a wicked thought steal in upon you, and you say in your heart: The seventh year of remission draws near; and you turn away your eyes from your poor brother, denying to lend him that which he asks: lest he cry against you to the Lord, and it become a sin unto you.
15:10. But you shall give to him: neither shall you do anything craftily in relieving his necessities: that the Lord your God may bless you at all times, and in all things to which you shall put your hand.
15:11. There will not be wanting poor in the land of your habitation: therefore I command you to open your hand to your needy and poor brother, that lives in the land.
15:12. When your brother a Hebrew man, or Hebrew woman is sold to you, and has served you six years, in the seventh year you shall let him go free:
15:13. And when you send him out free, you shall not let him go away empty:
15:14. But shall give him for his way out of your flocks, and out of your barnfloor, and your winepress, wherewith the Lord your God shall bless you.
15:15. Remember that you also were a bondservant in the land of Egypt, and the Lord your God made you free, and therefore I now command you this.
15:16. But if he say: I will not depart: because he loves you, and your house, and finds that he is well with you:
15:17. You shall take an awl, and bore through his ear in the door of your house, and he shall serve you forever: you shall do in like manner to your womanservant also.
15:18. Do not turn away your eyes from them when you make them free: because he has served you six years according to the wages of a hireling: that the Lord your God may bless you in all the works that you do.
15:19. Of the firstlings, that come of your herds and your sheep, you shall sanctify to the Lord your God whatsoever is of the male gender. You shall not work with the firstling of a bullock, and you shall not shear the firstlings of your sheep.
15:20. In the sight of the Lord your God shall you eat them every year, in the place that the Lord shall choose, you and your house.
15:21. But if it have a blemish, or be lame, or blind, or in any part disfigured or feeble, it shall not be sacrificed to the Lord your God.
15:22. But you shall eat it within the gates of your city: the clean and the unclean shall eat them alike, as the roe and as the hart.
15:23. Only you shall take heed not to eat their blood, but pour it out on the earth as water.

Deuteronomy Chapter 16

The three principal solemnities to be observed: just judges to be appointed in every city: all occasions of idolatry to be avoided.

16:1. Observe the month of new corn, which is the first of the spring, that you may celebrate the phase to the Lord your God: because in this month the Lord your God brought you out of Egypt by night.
16:2. And you shall sacrifice the phase to the Lord your God, of sheep, and of oxen, in the place which the Lord your God shall choose, that his name may dwell there.
16:3. You shall not eat with it leavened bread: seven days shall you eat without leaven, the bread of affliction, because you came out of Egypt in fear: that you may remember the day of your coming out of Egypt, all the days of your life.
16:4. No leaven shall be seen in all your coasts for seven days, neither shall any of the flesh of that which was sacrificed the first day in the evening remain until morning.
16:5. You may not immolate the phase in any one of your cities, which the Lord your God will give you:
16:6. But in the place which the Lord your God shall choose, that his name may dwell there: you shall immolate the phase in the evening, at the going down of the sun, at which time you came out of Egypt.
16:7. And you shall dress, and eat it in the place which the Lord your God shall choose, and in the morning rising up you shall go into your dwellings.
16:8. Six days shall you eat unleavened bread: and on the seventh day, because it is the assembly of the Lord your God, you shall do no work.
16:9. You shall number unto you seven weeks from that day, wherein you did put the sickle to the corn.
16:10. And you shall celebrate the festival of weeks to the Lord your God, a voluntary oblation of your hand, which you shall offer according to the blessing of the Lord your God.
16:11. And you shall feast before the Lord your God, you, and your son, and your daughter, and your manservant, and your maidservant, and the Levite that is within your gates, and the stranger and the fatherless, and the widow, who abide with you: in the place which the Lord your God shall choose, that his name may dwell there:
16:12. And you shall remember that you were a servant in Egypt: and you shall keep and do the things that are commanded.
16:13. You shall celebrate the solemnity also of tabernacles seven days, when you have gathered in your fruit of the barnfloor and of the winepress.
16:14. And you shall make merry in your festival time, you, your son, and your daughter, your manservant, and your maidservant, the Levite also and the stranger, and the fatherless and the widow that are within your gates.
16:15. Seven days shall you celebrate feasts to the Lord your God in the place which the Lord shall choose: and the Lord your God will bless you in all your fruits, and in every work of your hands, and you shall be in joy.
16:16. Three times in a year shall all your males appear before the Lord your God in the place which he shall choose: in the feast of unleavened bread, in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles. No one shall appear with his hands empty before the Lord:
16:17. But everyone shall offer according to what he has, according to the blessing of the Lord his God, which he shall give him.
16:18. You shall appoint judges and magistrates in all your gates, which the Lord your God shall give you, in all your tribes: that they may judge the people with just judgment,
16:19. And not go aside to either part. You shall not accept person nor gifts: for gifts blind the eyes of the wise, and change the words of the just.
16:20. You shall follow justly after that which is just: that you may live and possess the land, which the Lord your God shall give you.
16:21. You shall plant no grove, nor any tree near the altar of the Lord your God:
16:22. Neither shall you make nor set up to yourself a statue: which things the Lord your God hates.

Deuteronomy Chapter 17

Victims must be without blemish. Idolaters are to be slain. Controversies are to be decided by the high priest and council, whose sentence must be obeyed under pain of death. The duty of a king, who is to receive the law of God at the priest's hands.

17:1. You shall not sacrifice to the Lord your God a sheep, or an ox, wherein there is blemish, or any fault: for that is an abomination to the Lord your God.
17:2. When there shall be found among you within any of your gates, which the Lord your God shall give you, man or woman that do evil in the sight of the Lord your God, and transgress his covenant,
17:3. So as to go and serve strange gods, and adore them, the sun and the moon, and all the host of heaven, which I have not commanded:

The host of heaven. . .That is, the stars.

17:4. And this is told you, and hearing it you have inquired diligently, and found it to be true, and that the abomination is committed in Israel:
17:5. You shall bring forth the man or the woman, who have committed that most wicked thing, to the gates of your city, and they shall be stoned.
17:6. By the mouth of two or three witnesses shall he die that is to be slain. Let no man be put to death when only one bears witness against him.
17:7. The hands of the witnesses shall be first upon him to kill him, and afterwards the hands of the rest of the people: that you may take away the evil out of the midst of you.
17:8. If you perceive that there be among you a hard and doubtful matter in judgment between blood and blood, cause and cause, leprosy and leprosy: and you see that the words of the judges within your gates do vary: arise, and go up to the place, which the Lord your God shall choose.
17:9. And you shall come to the priests of the Levitical race, and to the judge, that shall be at that time: and you shall ask of them, and they shall show you the truth of the judgment.
17:10. And you shall do whatever they shall say, that preside in the place, which the Lord shall choose, and what they shall teach you,
17:11. According to his law; and you shall follow their sentence: neither shall you decline to the right hand nor to the left hand.
17:12. But he that will be proud, and refuse to obey the commandment of the priest, who ministers at that time to the Lord your God, and the decree of the judge, that man shall die, and you shall take away the evil from Israel:
17:13. And all the people hearing it shall fear, that no one afterwards swell with pride.
17:14. When you are come into the land, which the Lord your God will give you, and possess it, and shall say: I will set a king over myself, as all the surrounding nations have:
17:15. You shall set him whom the Lord your God shall choose out of the number of your brethren. You may not make a man of another nation king, that is not your brother.
17:16. And when he is made king, he shall not multiply horses to himself, nor lead back the people into Egypt, being lifted up with the number of his horsemen, especially since the Lord has commanded you to return no more the same way.
17:17. He shall not have many wives, that may allure his mind, nor immense sums of silver and gold.
17:18. But after he is raised to the throne of his kingdom, he shall copy out to himself a copy of this law in a volume in the sight of the priests of the Levitical tribe,
17:19. And he shall have it with him, and shall read it all the days of his life, that he may learn to fear the Lord his God, and keep his words and ceremonies, that are commanded in the law;
17:20. And that his heart be not lifted up with pride over his brethren, nor decline to the right or to the left, that he and his sons may reign a long time over Israel.

Deuteronomy Chapter 18

The Lord is the inheritance of the priests and Levites. Heathenish abominations are to be avoided. The prophets are promised. False prophets must be slain.

18:1. The priests and Levites, and all that are of the same tribe, shall have no part nor inheritance with the rest of Israel, because they shall eat the sacrifices of the Lord, and his oblations,
18:2. And they shall receive nothing else of the possession of their brethren: for the Lord himself is their inheritance, as he has said to them.
18:3. This shall be the priest's due from the people, and from them that offer victims: whether they sacrifice an ox, or a sheep, they shall give to the priest the shoulder and the breast:
18:4. The first fruits also of corn, of wine, and of oil, and a part of the wool from the shearing of their sheep.
18:5. For the Lord your God has chosen him of all your tribes, to stand and to minister to the name of the Lord, him and his sons forever.
18:6. If a Levite go out of any one of the cities throughout all Israel, in which he dwells, and have a longing mind to come to the place which the Lord shall choose,
18:7. He shall minister in the name of the Lord his God, as all his brethren the Levites do, that shall stand at that time before the Lord.
18:8. He shall receive the same portion of food that the rest do: besides that which is due to him in his own city, by succession from his fathers.
18:9. When you are come into the land which the Lord your God shall give you, beware lest you have a mind to imitate the abominations of those nations.
18:10. Neither let there be found among you any one that shall expiate his son or daughter, making them to pass through the fire: or that consults soothsayers, or observes dreams and omens, neither let there be any wizard,
18:11. Nor charmer, nor anyone that consults pythonic spirits, or fortune tellers, or that seeks the truth from the dead.
18:12. For the Lord abhors all these things, and for these abominations he will destroy them at your coming.
18:13. You shall be perfect, and without spot before the Lord your God.
18:14. These nations, whose land you shall possess, hearken to soothsayers and diviners: but you are otherwise instructed by the Lord your God.
18:15. The Lord your God will raise up to you a PROPHET of your nation and of your brethren like unto me: him you shall hear:
18:16. As you desired of the Lord your God in Horeb, when the assembly was gathered together, and said: Let me not hear anymore the voice of the Lord my God, neither let me see any more this exceeding great fire, lest I die.
18:17. And the Lord said to me: They have spoken all things well.
18:18. I will raise them up a prophet out of the midst of their brethren like to you: and I will put my words in his mouth, and he shall speak to them all that I shall command him.
18:19. And he that will not hear his words, which he shall speak in my name, I will be the revenger.
18:20. But the prophet, who being corrupted with pride, shall speak in my name things that I did not command him to say, or in the name of strange gods, shall be slain.
18:21. And if in silent thought you answer: How shall I know the word that the Lord has not spoken?
18:22. You shall have this sign: Whatever that same prophet foretells in the name of the Lord, and it does not occur: that thing the Lord has not spoken, but the prophet has forged it by the pride of his mind: and therefore you shall not fear him.

Deuteronomy Chapter 19

The cities of refuge. Willful murder and false witnesses must be punished.

19:1. When the Lord your God has destroyed the nations, whose land he will deliver to you, and you shall possess it, and shall dwell in its cities and houses:
19:2. You shall separate to you three cities in the midst of the land, which the Lord will give you in possession,
19:3. Paving diligently the way: and you shall divide the whole province of your land equally into three parts: that he who is forced to flee for manslaughter, may have near at hand whither to escape.
19:4. This shall be the law of the slayer that flees, whose life is to be saved: He that kills his neighbor ignorantly, and who is proved to have had no hatred against him yesterday and the day before:
19:5. But to have gone with him to the wood to hew wood, and in cutting down the tree the axe slipped out of his hand, and the iron slipping from the handle struck his friend, and killed him: he shall flee to one of the cities aforesaid, and live:
19:6. Lest perhaps the next kinsman of him whose blood was shed, pushed on by his grief should pursue, and apprehend him, if the way be too long, and take away the life of him who is not guilty of death, because he is proved to have had no hatred before against him that was slain.
19:7. Therefore I command you, that you separate three cities at equal distance one from another.
19:8. And when the Lord your God shall have enlarged your borders, as he swore to the fathers, and shall give you all the land that he promised them,
19:9. (Yet so, if you keep his commandments, and do the things which I command you this day, that you love the Lord your God, and walk in his ways at all times) you shall add to you other three cities, and shall double the number of the three cities aforesaid:
19:10. That innocent blood may not be shed in the midst of the land which the Lord your God will give you to possess, lest you be guilty of blood.
19:11. But if any man hating his neighbor, lie in wait for his life, and rise and strike him, and he die, and he flee to one of the cities aforesaid,
19:12. The ancients of his city shall send, and take him out of the place of refuge, and shall deliver him into the hand of the kinsman of him whose blood was shed, and he shall die.
19:13. You shall not pity him, and you shall take away the guilt of innocent blood out of Israel, that it may be well with you.
19:14. You shall not take nor remove your neighbor's landmark, which your predecessors have set in your possession, which the Lord your God will give you in the land that you shall receive to possess.
19:15. One witness shall not rise up against any man, whatsoever the sin or wickedness be: but in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word shall stand.
19:16. If a lying witness stand against a man, accusing him of transgression,
19:17. Both of them, between whom the controversy is, shall stand before the Lord in the sight of the priests and the judges that shall be in those days.
19:18. And when after most diligent inquisition, they shall find that the false witness has told a lie against his brother:
19:19. They shall render to him as he meant to do to his brother, and you shall take away the evil out of the midst of you:
19:20. That others hearing may fear, and may not dare to do such things.
19:21. You shall not pity him, but shall require life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.

Deuteronomy Chapter 20

Laws relating to war.

20:1. If you go out to war against your enemies, and see horsemen and chariots, and the numbers of the enemy's army greater than yours, you shall not fear them: because the Lord your God is with you, who brought you out of the land of Egypt.
20:2. And when the battle is now at hand, the priest shall stand before the army, and shall speak to the people in this manner:
20:3. Hear, O Israel, you join battle this day against your enemies, let not your heart be dismayed, be not afraid, do not give back, do not fear them:
20:4. Because the Lord your God is in the midst of you, and will fight for you against your enemies, to deliver you from danger.
20:5. And the captains shall proclaim through every band in the hearing of the army: What man is there, that has built a new house, and has not dedicated it? Let him go and return to his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man dedicate it.
20:6. What man is there, that has planted a vineyard, and has not as yet made it to be common, whereof all men may eat? Let him go, and return to his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man execute his office.
20:7. What man is there, that has espoused a wife, and not taken her? Let him go, and return to his house, lest he die in the war, and another man take her.
20:8. After these things are declared they shall add the rest, and shall speak to the people: What man is there that is fearful, and faint hearted? Let him go, and return to his house, lest he make the hearts of his brethren to fear, as he himself is possessed with fear.
20:9. And when the captains of the army shall hold their peace, and have made an end of speaking, every man shall prepare their bands to fight.
20:10. If at any time you come to fight against a city, you shall first offer it peace.
20:11. If they receive it, and open the gates to you, all the people that are therein, shall be saved, and shall serve you paying tribute.
20:12. But if they will not make peace, and shall begin war against you, you shall besiege it.
20:13. And when the Lord your God shall deliver it into your hands, you shall slay all that are therein of the male gender, with the edge of the sword,
20:14. Excepting women and children, cattle and other things, that are in the city. And you shall divide all the prey to the army, and you shall eat the spoils of your enemies, which the Lord your God shall give you.
20:15. So shall you do to all cities that are at a great distance from you, and are not of these cities which you shall receive in possession.
20:16. But of those cities that shall be given you, you shall suffer none at all to live:
20:17. But shall kill them with the edge of the sword, to wit, the Hethite, and the Amorrhite, and the Canaanite, the Pherezite, and the Hevite, and the Jebusite, as the Lord your God has commanded you:
20:18. Lest they teach you to do all the abominations which they have done to their gods: and you should sin against the Lord your God.
20:19. When you have besieged a city a long time, and has compassed it with bulwarks, to take it, you shall not cut down the trees that may be eaten of, neither shall you spoil the surrounding country with axes: for it is a tree, and not a man, neither can it increase the number of them that fight against you.
20:20. But if there be any trees that are not fruitful, but wild, and fit for other uses, cut them down, and make engines, until you take the city, which fights against you.

Deuteronomy Chapter 21

The expiation of a secret murder. The marrying a captive. The eldest son must not be deprived of his birthright for hatred of his mother. A stubborn son is to be stoned to death. When one is hanged on a gibbet, he must be taken down the same day and buried.

21:1. When there shall be found in the land, which the Lord your God will give you, the corpse of a man slain, and it is not known who is guilty of the murder,
21:2. Your ancients and judges shall go out, and shall measure from the place where the body lies the distance of every surrounding city:
21:3. And the ancients of that city which they shall perceive to be nearer than the rest, shall take a heifer of the herd, that has not drawn in the yoke, nor ploughed the ground,
21:4. And they shall bring her into a rough and stony valley, that never was ploughed, nor sown: and there they shall strike off the head of the heifer:
21:5. And the priests the sons of Levi shall come, whom the Lord your God has chosen to minister to him, and to bless in his name, and that by their word every matter should be decided, and whatsoever is clean or unclean should be judged.
21:6. And the ancients of that city shall come to the person slain, and shall wash their hands over the heifer that was killed in the valley,
21:7. And shall say: Our hands did not shed this blood, nor did our eyes see it.
21:8. Be merciful to your people Israel, whom you have redeemed, O Lord, and lay not innocent blood to their charge, in the midst of your people Israel. And the guilt of blood shall be taken from them:
21:9. And you shall be free from the innocent's blood, that was shed, when you shall have done what the Lord has commanded you.
21:10. If you go out to fight against your enemies, and the Lord your God deliver them into your hand, and you lead them away captives,
21:11. And see in the number of the captives a beautiful woman, and love her, and will have her to wife,
21:12. You shall bring her into your house: and she shall shave her hair, and pare her nails,
21:13. And shall put off the raiment, wherein she was taken: and shall remain in your house, and mourn for her father and mother one month: and after that you shall go in unto her, and shall sleep with her, and she shall be your wife.
21:14. But if afterwards she please you not, you shall let her go free, but you may not sell her for money nor oppress her by might because you have humbled her.
21:15. If a man have two wives, one beloved, and the other hated, and they have had children by him, and the son of the hated be the firstborn,
21:16. And he means to divide his substance among his sons: he may not make the son of the beloved the firstborn, and prefer him before the son of the hated.
21:17. But he shall acknowledge the son of the hated for the firstborn, and shall give him a double portion of all he has: for this is the first of his children, and to him are due the first birthrights.
21:18. If a man have a stubborn and unruly son, who will not hear the commandments of his father or mother, and being corrected, slights obedience:
21:19. They shall take him and bring him to the ancients of the city, and to the gate of judgment,
21:20. And shall say to them: This our son is rebellious and stubborn, he slights hearing our admonitions, he gives himself to reveling, and to debauchery and banquetings:
21:21. The people of the city shall stone him: and he shall die, that you may take away the evil out of the midst of you, and all Israel hearing it may be afraid.
21:22. When a man has committed a crime for which he is to be punished with death, and being condemned to die is hanged on a gibbet:
21:23. His body shall not remain upon the tree, but shall be buried the same day: for he is accursed of God that hangs on a tree: and you shall not defile your land, which the Lord your God shall give you in possession.

Deuteronomy Chapter 22

Humanity towards neighbors. Neither gender may use the apparel of the other. Cruelty to be avoided even to birds. Battlements about the roof of a house. Things of diverse kinds not to be mixed. The punishment of him that slanders his wife, as also of adultery.

22:1. You shall not pass by if you see your brother's ox, or his sheep go astray: but you shall bring them back to your brother.
22:2. And if your brother be not near, or you do not know him: you shall bring them to your house, and they shall be with you until your brother seek them, and receive them.
22:3. You shall do in like manner with his ass, and with his raiment, and with everything that is your brother's, which is lost: if you find it, neglect it not as pertaining to another.
22:4. If you see your brother's ass or his ox to be fallen down in the way, you shall not slight it, but shall lift it up with him.
22:5. A woman shall not be clothed with man's apparel, neither shall a man use woman's apparel: for he that does these things is abominable before God.
22:6. If you find as you walk by the way, a bird's nest in a tree, or on the ground, and the dam sitting upon the young or upon the eggs: you shall not take her with her young:

You shall not take, etc. This was to show them to exercise a certain mercy even to irrational creatures; and by that means to train them up to a horror of cruelty; and to the exercise of humanity and mutual charity one to another.

22:7. But shall let her go, keeping the young which you have caught: that it may be well with you, and you may live a long time.
22:8. When you build a new house, you shall make a parapet to the roof round about: lest blood be shed in your house, and you be guilty, if any one slip, and fall down headlong.

Parapet . . .This precaution was necessary, because all their houses had flat tops, and it was usual to walk and to converse together upon them.

22:9. You shall not sow your vineyard with diverse seeds: lest both the seed which you have sown, and the fruit of the vineyard, be sanctified together.
22:10. You shall not plough with an ox and an ass together.
22:11. You shall not wear a garment that is woven of woollen and linen together.
22:12. You shall make strings in the hem at the four corners of your cloak, wherewith you shall be covered.
22:13. If a man marry a wife, and afterwards hate her,
22:14. And seek occasions to put her away, laying to her charge a very ill name, and say: I took this woman to wife, and going in to her, I found her not a virgin:
22:15. Her father and mother shall take her, and shall bring with them the tokens of her virginity to the ancients of the city that are in the gate:
22:16. And the father shall say: I gave my daughter unto this man to wife: and because he hates her,
22:17. He lays to her charge a very ill name, so as to say: I found your daughter not a virgin: and behold these are the tokens of my daughter's virginity. And they shall spread the cloth before the ancients of the city:
22:18. And the ancients of that city shall take that man, and beat him,
22:19. Condemning him besides in a hundred sicles of silver, which he shall give to the damsel's father, because he has defamed by a very ill name a virgin of Israel: and he shall have her to wife, and may not put her away all the days of his life.
22:20. But if what he charged her with be true, and virginity be not found in the damsel:
22:21. They shall cast her out of the doors of her father's house, and the men of the city shall stone her to death, and she shall die: because she has done a wicked thing in Israel, to play the whore in her father's house: and you shall take away the evil out of the midst of you.
22:22. If a man lie with another man's wife, they shall both die, that is to say, the adulterer and the adulteress: and you shall take away the evil out of Israel.
22:23. If a man have espoused a damsel that is a virgin, and someone find her in the city, and lie with her,
22:24. You shall bring them both out to the gate of that city, and they shall be stoned: the damsel, because she did not cry out, being in the city: the man, because he has humbled his neighbor's wife. And you shall take away the evil from the midst of you.
22:25. But if a man find a damsel that is betrothed, in the field, and taking hold of her, lie with her, he alone shall die:
22:26. The damsel shall suffer nothing, neither is she guilty of death: for as a robber rises against his brother, and takes away his life, so also did the damsel suffer:
22:27. She was alone in the field: she cried, and there was no man to help her.
22:28. If a man find a damsel that is a virgin, who is not espoused, and taking her, lie with her, and the matter come to judgment:
22:29. He that lay with her shall give to the father of the maid fifty sicles of silver, and shall have her to wife, because he has humbled her: he may not put her away all the days of his life.
22:30. No man shall take his father's wife, nor remove his covering.

Deuteronomy Chapter 23

Who may and who may not enter into the church: uncleanness to be avoided: other precepts concerning fugitives, usury, vows, and eating other men's grapes and corn.

23:1. A eunuch ***shall not enter into the church of the Lord.

Into the church. . .That is, into the assembly or congregation of Israel, so as to have the privilege of an Israelite, or to be capable of any place or office among the people of God.

23:2. A mamzer shall not enter into the assembly of the Lord until the tenth generation.
23:3. The Ammonite and the Moabite, even after the tenth generation shall not enter into the assembly of the Lord forever:
23:4. Because they would not meet you with bread and water in the way, when you came out of Egypt: and because they hired against you Balaam, the son of Beor, from Mesopotamia in Syria, to curse you.
23:5. And the Lord your God would not hear Balaam, and he turned his cursing into your blessing, because he loved you.
23:6. You shall not make peace with them, neither shall you seek their prosperity all the days of your life forever.
23:7. You shall not abhor the Edomite, because he is your brother: nor the Egyptian, because you were a stranger in his land.
23:8. They that are born of them, in the third generation shall enter into the assembly of the Lord.
23:9. When you go out to war against your enemies, you shall keep yourself from every evil thing.
23:10. If there be among you any man, that is defiled in a dream by night, he shall go forth out of the camp,
23:11. And shall not return, before he be washed with water in the evening: and after sunset he shall return into the camp.
23:12. You shall have a place without the camp, to which you may go for the necessities of nature,
23:13. Carrying a paddle at your girdle. And when you sit down, you shall dig round about, and with the earth that is dug up you shall cover
23:14. That which you are eased of: (for the Lord your God walks in the midst of your camp, to deliver you, and to give up your enemies to you:) and let your camp be holy, and let no uncleanness appear therein, lest he go away from you.
23:15. You shall not deliver to his master the servant that is fled to you.
23:16. He shall dwell with you in the place that shall please him, and shall rest in one of your cities: give him no trouble.
23:17. There shall be no whore among the daughters of Israel, nor whoremonger among the sons of Israel.
23:18. You shall not offer the hire of a strumpet, nor the price of a dog, in the house of the Lord your God, whatever it be that you have vowed: because both these are an abomination to the Lord your God.
23:19. You shall not lend to your brother money to usury, nor corn, nor any other thing:
23:20. But to the stranger. To your brother you shall lend that which he wants, without usury: that the Lord your God may bless you in all your works in the land, which you shall go in to possess.
23:21. When you have made a vow to the Lord your God, you shall not delay to pay it: because the Lord your God will require it. And if you delay, it shall be imputed to you for a sin.
23:22. If you will not promise, that shall be without sin.
23:23. But that which is once gone out of your lips, you shall observe, and shall do as you have promised to the Lord your God, and have spoken with your own will and with your own mouth.
23:24. Going into your neighbor's vineyard, you may eat as many grapes as you please: but must carry none out with you:
23:25. If you go into your friend's corn, you may break the ears, and rub them in your hand: but not reap them with a sickle.

Deuteronomy Chapter 24

The newly married must not go to war: of men stealers, of leprosy, of pledges, of laborers' hire, of justice, and of charity to the poor.

24:1. If a man take a wife, and have her, and she find not favor in his eyes, for some uncleanness: he shall write a bill of divorce, and shall give it in her hand, and send her out of his house.
24:2. And when she is departed and marries another husband,
24:3. And he is dead, or he also hates her and has given her a bill of divorce and sent her out of his house,
24:4. The former husband cannot take her again to wife: because she is defiled, and is become abominable before the Lord: lest you cause your land to sin, which the Lord your God shall give you to possess.
24:5. When a man has lately taken a wife, he shall not go out to war, neither shall any public business be enjoined him, but he shall be free at home without fault, that for one year he may rejoice with his wife.
24:6. You shall not take the nether, nor the upper millstone to pledge: for he has pledged his life to you.
24:7. If any man be found soliciting his brother of the children of Israel, and selling him shall take a price, he shall be put to death, and you shall take away the evil from the midst of you.
24:8. Observe diligently that you do not incur the stroke of the leprosy, but you shall do whatever the priests of the Levitical race shall teach you, according to what I have commanded them, and fulfill it carefully.
Miriam is struck with leprosy
24:9. Remember what the Lord your God did to Miriam, in the way when you came out of Egypt.
24:10. When you shall demand of your neighbor anything that he owes you, you shall not go into his house to take away a pledge:
24:11. But you shall stand outside, and he shall bring out to you what he has.
24:12. But if he be poor, the pledge shall not lodge with you that night,
24:13. But you shall restore it to him presently before the going down of the sun: that he may sleep in his own raiment and bless you, and you may have justice before the Lord your God.
24:14. You shall not refuse the hire of the needy, and the poor, whether he be your brother, or a stranger that dwells with you in the land, and is within your gates:
24:15. But you shall pay him the price of his labor the same day, before the going down of the sun, because he is poor, and with it maintains his life: lest he cry against you to the Lord, and it be reputed to you for a sin.
24:16. The fathers shall not be put to death for the children, nor the children for the fathers, but everyone shall die for his own sin,
24:17. You shall not pervert the judgment of the stranger nor of the fatherless, neither shall you take away the widow's raiment for a pledge.
24:18. Remember that you were a slave in Egypt, and the Lord your God delivered you from thence. Therefore I command you to do this thing.
24:19. When you have reaped the corn in your field, and have forgot and left a sheaf, you shall not return to take it away: but you shall suffer the stranger, and the fatherless and the widow to take it away: that the Lord your God may bless you in all the works of your hands.
24:20. If you have gathered the fruit of your olive trees, you shall not return to gather whatever remains on the trees: but shall leave it for the stranger, for the fatherless, and the widow.
24:21. If you make the vintage of your vineyard, you shall not gather the clusters that remain, but they shall be for the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow.
24:22. Remember that you also was a bondman in Egypt, and therefore I command you to do this thing.

Deuteronomy Chapter 25

Stripes must not exceed forty. The ox is not to be muzzled. Of raising seed to the brother. Of the immodest woman. Of unjust weight. Of destroying the Amalecites.

25:1. If there is a controversy between men, and they call upon the judges: they shall give the prize of justice to him whom they perceive to be just: and him whom they find to be wicked, they shall condemn of wickedness.
25:2. And if they see that the offender is worthy of stripes: they shall lay him down, and shall cause him to be beaten before them. According to the measure of the sin shall the measure also of the stripes be:
25:3. Yet so, that they exceed not the number of forty: lest your brother depart shamefully torn before your eyes.
25:4. You shall not muzzle the ox that treads out your corn on the floor.

Not muzzle, etc. . .St. Paul understands this of the spiritual laborer in the church of God, who is not to be denied his maintenance. 1 Cor. 9.8, 9, 10.

25:5. When brethren dwell together, and one of them dies without children, the wife of the deceased shall not marry to another: but his brother shall take her, and raise up seed for his brother:
25:6. And the first son he shall have of her he shall call by his name, that his name be not abolished out of Israel.
25:7. But if he will not take his brother's wife, who by law belongs to him, the woman shall go to the gate of the city, and call upon the ancients, and say: My husband's brother refuses to raise up his brother's name in Israel: and will not take me to wife.
25:8. And they shall cause him to be sent for immediately, and shall ask him. If he answer: I will not take her to wife:
25:9. The woman shall come to him before the ancients, and shall take off his shoe from his foot, and spit in his face, and say: So shall it be done to the man that will not build up his brother's house:
25:10. And his name shall be called in Israel, the house of the unshod.

***

25:13. You shall not have diverse weights in your bag, a greater and a less:
25:14. Neither shall there be in your house a greater bushel and a less.
25:15. You shall have a just and a true weight, and your bushel shall be equal and true: that you may live a long time upon the land which the Lord your God shall give you.
25:16. For the Lord your God abhors him that does these things, and he hates all injustice.
25:17. Remember what Amalec did to you in the way when you came out of Egypt:
25:18. How he met you: and slew the hindmost of the army, who sat down, being weary, when you were spent with hunger and labor, and he did not fear God.
25:19. Therefore when the Lord your God shall give you rest, and shall have subdued all the nations round about in the land which he has promised you: you shall blot out his name from under heaven. See you forget it not.

Deuteronomy Chapter 26

The priest taking the basket at your hand, shall set it before the altar of the Lord your God:...
Deuteronomy 26:4

The form of words with which the first fruits and tithes are to be offered. God's covenant.

26:1. When you have come into the land which the Lord your God will give you to possess, and have conquered it, and dwell in it:
26:2. You shall take the first of all your fruits, and put them in a basket, and shall go to the place which the Lord your God shall choose, that His name may be invocated there:
26:3. You shall go to the priest that shall be in those days, and say to him: I profess this day before the Lord your God, that I am come into the land, for which He swore to our fathers, that He would give it us.
26:4. The priest taking the basket at your hand, shall set it before the altar of the Lord your God:
Therefore now, I offer the first fruits of the land which the Lord has given me. You shall leave them in the sight of the Lord your God, adoring the Lord your God.
Deuteronomy 26:10
26:5. and you shall speak thus in the sight of the Lord your God: The Syrian pursued my father, who went down into Egypt, and sojourned there in a very small number, and grew into a nation great and strong and of an infinite multitude.
I have taken that which was sanctified out of my house, and I have given it to the Levite, and to the stranger, and to the fatherless, and to the widow, as You have commanded me: I have not transgressed Your commandments nor forgotten Your precepts.
Deuteronomy 26:13

The Syrian. . .Laban. See Gen. 27.

26:6. The Egyptians afflicted us, and persecuted us, laying on us most grievous burdens:
26:7. and we cried to the Lord God of our fathers: who heard us, and looked down upon our affliction, and labor, and distress:
26:8. and brought us out of Egypt with a strong hand, and a stretched out arm, with great terror, with signs and wonders:
26:9. and brought us into this place, and gave us this land flowing with milk and honey.
26:10. Therefore now, I offer the first fruits of the land which the Lord has given me. You shall leave them in the sight of the Lord your God, adoring the Lord your God.
26:11. You shall feast in all the good things which the Lord your God has given you, and your house, you and the Levite, and the stranger that is with you.
26:12. When you have made an end of tithing all your fruits, in the third year of tithes you shall give it to the Levite, and to the stranger, and to the fatherless, and to the widow, that they may eat within your gates, and be filled:
26:13. You shall speak thus in the sight of the Lord your God: I have taken that which was sanctified out of my house, and I have given it to the Levite, and to the stranger, and to the fatherless, and to the widow, as You have commanded me: I have not transgressed Your commandments nor forgotten Your precepts.
26:14. I have not eaten of them in my mourning, nor separated them for any uncleanness, nor spent anything of them in funerals. I have obeyed the voice of the Lord my God, and have done all things as You have commanded me.
26:15. Look from Your sanctuary, and Your high habitation of Heaven, and bless Your people Israel, and the land which You have given us, as You did swear to our fathers, a land flowing with milk and honey.
26:16. This day the Lord your God has commanded you to do these commandments and judgments: and to keep and fulfill them with all your heart, and with all your soul.
26:17. You have chosen the Lord this day to be your God, and to walk in His ways and keep His ceremonies, and precepts, and judgments, and obey His command.
26:18. The Lord has chosen you this day, to be His peculiar people, as He has spoken to you, and to keep all His commandments:
26:19. To make you higher than all nations which He has created, to His own praise, and name, and glory: that you may be a holy people of the Lord your God, as He has spoken.

Deuteronomy Chapter 27

The commandments must be written on stones: and an altar erected, and sacrifices offered. The observers of the commandments are to be blessed, and the transgressors cursed.

27:1. And Moses with the ancients of Israel commanded the people, saying: Keep every commandment that I command you this day.
27:2. And when you are passed over the Jordan into the land which the Lord your God will give you, you shall set up great stones, and shall plaster them over with plaster,
27:3. That you may write on them all the words of this law, when you are passed over the Jordan: that you may enter into the land which the Lord your God will give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, as he swore to your fathers.
27:4. Therefore when you are passed over the Jordan, set up the stones which I command you this day, in mount Hebal, and you shall plaster them with plaster:
27:5. And you shall build there an altar to the Lord your God, of stones which iron has not touched,
27:6. And of stones not fashioned nor polished: and you shall offer upon it holocausts to the Lord your God:
27:7. And shall immolate peace victims, and eat there, and feast before the Lord your God.
27:8. And you shall write upon the stones all the words of this law plainly and clearly.
27:9. And Moses and the priests of the race of Levi said to all Israel: Attend, and hear, O Israel: This day you are made the people of the Lord your God:
27:10. You shall hear his voice, and do the commandments and justices which I command you.
27:11. And Moses commanded the people in that day, saying:
27:12. These shall stand upon mount Garizim to bless the people, when you are passed the Jordan: Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Joseph, and Benjamin.
27:13. And over against them shall stand on mount Hebal to curse: Reuben, Gad, and Asher, and Zebulon, Dan, and Naphtali.
27:14. And the Levites shall pronounce, and say to all the men of Israel with a loud voice:
27:15. Cursed be the man that makes a graven and molten thing, the abomination of the Lord, the work of the hands of artificers, and shall put it in a secret place: and all the people shall answer and say: Amen.
27:16. Cursed be he that honors not his father and mother: and all the people shall say: Amen.
27:17. Cursed be he that removes his neighbor's landmarks: and all the people shall say: Amen.
27:18. Cursed be he that makes the blind to wander out of his way: and all the people shall say:
Amen.
27:19. Cursed be he that perverts the judgment of the stranger, of the fatherless and the widow: and all the people shall say: Amen.
27:20. Cursed be he that lies with his father's wife, and uncovers his bed: and all the people shall say: Amen.
27:21. Cursed be he that lies with any beast: and all the people shall say: Amen.
27:22. Cursed be he that lies with his sister, the daughter of his father, or of his mother: and all the people shall say: Amen.
27:23. Cursed be he that lies with his mother-in-law: and all the people shall say: Amen.
27:24. Cursed be he that secretly kills his neighbor: and all the people shall say: Amen.
27:25. Cursed be he that takes gifts, to slay an innocent person: and all the people shall say: Amen.
27:26. Cursed be he that abides not in the words of this law, and does not fulfill them in work: and all the people shall say: Amen.

Deuteronomy Chapter 28

Many blessings are promised to observers of God's commandments: and curses threatened to transgressors.

28:1. Now if you will hear the voice of all his commandments, which I command you this day, the Lord your God will make you higher than all the nations that are on the earth.
28:2. And all these blessings shall come upon you and overtake you: yet so if you hear his precepts.

All these blessings, etc. . .In the Old Testament, God promised temporal blessings to the keepers of his law, heaven not being opened as yet; and that gross and sensual people being more moved with present and sensible things. But in the New Testament the goods that are promised us are spiritual and eternal; and temporal evils are turned into blessings.

28:3. Blessed shall you be in the city, and blessed in the field.
28:4. Blessed shall be the fruit of your womb, and the fruit of your ground, and the fruit of your cattle, the droves of your herds, and the folds of your sheep.
28:5. Blessed shall be your barns and blessed your stores.
28:6. Blessed shall you be coming in and going out.
28:7. The Lord shall cause your enemies, that rise up against you, to fall down before your face: one way shall they come out against you, and seven ways shall they flee before you.
28:8. The Lord will send forth a blessing upon your storehouses, and upon all the works of your hands: and will bless you in the land that you shall receive.
28:9. The Lord will raise you up to be a holy people to himself, as he swore to you: if you keep the commandments of the Lord your God, and walk in his ways.
28:10. And all the people of the earth shall see that the name of the Lord is invocated upon you, and they shall fear you.
28:11. The Lord will make you abound with all goods, with the fruit of your womb, and the fruit of your cattle, with the fruit of your land, which the Lord swore to your fathers that he would give you.
28:12. The Lord will open his excellent treasure, the heaven, that it may give rain in due season: and he will bless all the works of your hands. And you shall lend to many nations, and shall not borrow of any one.
28:13. And the Lord shall make you the head and not the tail: and you shall be always above, and not beneath: yet so if you will hear the commandments of the Lord your God which I command you this day, and keep and do them,
28:14. And turn not away from them neither to the right hand, nor to the left, nor follow strange gods, nor worship them.
28:15. But if you will not hear the voice of the Lord your God, to keep and to do all his commandments and ceremonies, which I command you this day, all these curses shall come upon you, and overtake you.

All these curses, etc. . .Thus God dealt with the transgressors of his law in the Old Testament: but now he often suffers sinners to prosper in this world, rewarding them for some little good they have done, and reserving their punishment for the other world.

28:16. Cursed shall you be in the city, cursed in the field.
28:17. Cursed shall be your barn, and cursed your stores.
28:18. Cursed shall be the fruit of your womb, and the fruit of your ground, the herds of your oxen, and the flocks of your sheep.
28:19. Cursed shall you be coming in, and cursed going out.
28:20. The Lord shall send upon you famine and hunger, and a rebuke upon all the works which you shall do: until he consume and destroy you quickly, for your most wicked inventions, by which you have forsaken me.
28:21. May the Lord set the pestilence upon you, until he consume you out of the land, which you shall go in to possess.
28:22. May the Lord afflict you with miserable want, with the fever and with cold, with burning and with heat, and with corrupted air and with blasting, and pursue you till you perish.
28:23. Be the heaven, that is over you, of brass: and the ground you tread on, of iron.
28:24. The Lord give you dust for rain upon your land, and let ashes come down from heaven upon you, till you be consumed.
28:25. The Lord make you to fall down before your enemies, one way may you go out against them, and flee seven ways, and be scattered throughout all the kingdoms of the earth.
28:26. And be your carcass meat for all the fowls of the air, and the beasts of the earth, and be there none to drive them away.
28:27. The Lord strike you with the ulcer of Egypt, with the scab and with the itch: so that you canst not be healed.
28:28. The Lord strike you with madness and blindness and fury of mind.
28:29. And may you grope at midday as the blind is wont to grope in the dark, and not make straight your ways. And may you at all times suffer wrong, and be oppressed with violence, and may you have no one to deliver you.
28:30. May you take a wife, and another sleep with her. May you build a house, and not dwell therein. May you plant a vineyard and not gather its vintage.
28:31. May your ox be slain before you, and you not eat of it. May your ass be taken away in your sight, and not restored to you. May your sheep be given to your enemies, and may there be none to help you.
28:32. May your sons and your daughters be given to another people, your eyes looking on, and languishing at the sight of them all the day, and may there be no strength in your hand.
28:33. May a people which you do not know eat the fruits of your land, and all your labors: and may you always suffer oppression, and be crushed at all times.
28:34. And be astonished at the terror of those things which your eyes shall see:
28:35. May the Lord strike you with a very sore ulcer in the knees and in the legs, and be you incurable from the sole of the foot to the top of the head.
28:36. The Lord shall bring you, and your king, whom you shall have appointed over you, into a nation which you and your fathers know not: and there you shall serve strange gods, wood and stone.
28:37. And you shall be lost, as a proverb and a byword to all people, among whom the Lord shall bring you in.
28:38. You shall cast much seed into the ground, and gather little: because the locusts shall consume all.
28:39. You shall plant a vineyard, and dig it, and shall not drink the wine, nor gather anything of it: because it shall be wasted with worms.
28:40. You shall have olive trees in all your borders, and shall not be anointed with the oil: for the olives shall fall off and perish.
28:41. You shall beget sons and daughters, and shall not enjoy them: because they shall be led into captivity.
28:42. The blast shall consume all the trees and the fruits of your ground.
28:43. The stranger that lives with you in the land, shall rise up over you, and shall be higher: and you shall go down, and be lower.
28:44. He shall lend to you, and you shall not lend to him. He shall be as the head, and you shall be the tail.
28:45. And all these curses shall come upon you, and shall pursue and overtake you, till you perish: because you did not listen to the voice of the Lord your God and did not keep his commandments and ceremonies which he commanded you.
28:46. And they shall be as signs and wonders on you, and on your seed forever.
28:47. Because you did not serve the Lord your God with joy and gladness of heart, for the abundance of all things:
28:48. You shall serve your enemy, whom the Lord will send upon you, in hunger, and thirst, and in want of all things: and he shall put an iron yoke upon your neck, till he consume you.
28:49. The Lord will bring upon you a nation from afar, and from the uttermost ends of the earth, like an eagle that flies swiftly, whose tongue you cannot understand,
28:50. A most insolent nation, that will show no regard to the ancients, nor have pity on the infant,
28:51. And will devour the fruit of your cattle, and the fruits of your land: until you are destroyed, and will leave you no wheat, nor wine, nor oil, nor herds of oxen, nor flocks of sheep: until he destroys you.
28:52. And consume you in all your cities, and your strong and high wall be brought down, wherein you trusted in all your land. You shall be besieged within your gates in all your land which the Lord your God will give you:
28:53. And you shall eat the fruit of your womb, and the flesh of your sons and of your daughters, which the Lord your God shall give you, in the distress and extremity wherewith your enemy shall oppress you.
28:54. The man that is nice among you, and very delicate, shall envy his own brother, and his wife, that lies in his bosom,
28:55. So that he will not give them of the flesh of his children, which he shall eat: because he has nothing else in the siege and the want, with which your enemies shall distress you within all your gates.
28:56. The tender and delicate woman, that could not go upon the ground, nor set down her foot for over much niceness and tenderness, will envy her husband who lies in her bosom, the flesh of her son, and of her daughter,
28:57. For they shall eat them secretly for the want of all things, in the siege and distress, wherewith your enemy shall oppress you within your gates.
28:58. If you will not observe and fulfill all the words of this law that are written in this volume and fear his glorious and terrible name: that is, The Lord your God:
28:59. The Lord shall increase your plagues, and the plagues of your seed, plagues great and lasting, infirmities grievous and perpetual.
28:60. And he shall bring back on you all the afflictions of Egypt, which you were afraid of, and they shall stick fast to you.
28:61. Moreover the Lord will bring upon you all the diseases, and plagues, that are not written in the volume of this law till he consume you:
28:62. And you shall remain few in number, who before were as the stars of heaven for multitude, because you did not listen to the voice of the Lord your God.
28:63. And as the Lord rejoiced upon you before doing good to you, and multiplying you: so he shall rejoice destroying and bringing you to naught, so that you shall be taken away from the land which you shall go in to possess.
28:64. The Lord shall scatter you among all people, from the farthest parts of the earth to its ends: and there you shall serve strange gods, which both you are ignorant of and your fathers, wood and stone.
28:65. Neither shall you be quiet, even in those nations, nor shall there be any rest for the sole of your foot. For the Lord will give you a fearful heart, and languishing eyes, and a soul consumed with pensiveness:
28:66. And your life shall be as it were hanging before you. You shall fear night and day, neither shall you trust your life.
28:67. In the morning you shall say: Who will grant me evening? and at evening: Who will grant me morning? For the fearfulness of your heart, wherewith you shall be terrified, and for those things which you shall see with your eyes.
28:68. The Lord shall bring you again with ships into Egypt, by the way whereof he said to you that you should see it no more. There shall you be set to sale to your enemies for bondmen and bondwomen, and no man shall buy you.

Deuteronomy Chapter 29

The covenant is solemnly confirmed between God and his people. Threats against those that shall break it.

29:1. These are the words of the covenant which the Lord commanded Moses to make with the children of Israel in the land of Moab: beside that covenant which he made with them in Horeb.
29:2. And Moses called all Israel, and said to them: You have seen all the things that the Lord did before you in the land of Egypt to Pharaoh, and to all his servants, and to his whole land.
29:3. The great temptations, which your eyes have seen, those mighty signs and wonders,
29:4. And the Lord has not given you a heart to understand, and eyes to see, and ears that may hear, unto this present day.

Has not given you, etc. . .Through your own fault and because you resisted his grace.

29:5. He has brought you forty years through the desert: your garments are not worn out, neither are the shoes of your feet consumed with age.
29:6. You have not eaten bread, nor have you drunk wine or strong drink: that you might know that I am the Lord your God.
29:7. And you came to this place: and Sehon king of Hesebon, and Og king of Basan, came out against us to fight. And we slew them.
29:8. And took their land, and delivered it for a possession to Reuben and Gad, and the half tribe of Manasseh.
29:9. Keep therefore the words of this covenant, and fulfill them: that you may understand all that you do.
29:10. You all stand this day before the Lord your God, your princes, and tribes, and ancients, and doctors, all the people of Israel,
29:11. Your children and your wives, and the stranger that abides with you in the camp, besides the hewers of wood, and them that bring water:
29:12. That you may pass in the covenant of the Lord your God, and in the oath which this day the Lord your God makes with you.
29:13. That he may raise you up a people to himself, and he may be your God as he has spoken to you, and as he swore to your fathers Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
29:14. Neither with you only do I make this covenant, and confirm these oaths,
29:15. But with all that are present and that are absent.
29:16. For you know how we dwelt in the land of Egypt, and how we have passed through the midst of nations, and passing through them,
29:17. You have seen their abominations and filth, that is to say, their idols, wood and stone, silver and gold, which they worshipped.
29:18. Lest perhaps there should be among you a man or a woman, a family or a tribe, whose heart is turned away this day from the Lord our God, to go and serve the gods of those nations: and there should be among you a root bringing forth gall and bitterness.
29:19. And when he shall hear the words of this oath, he should bless himself in his heart saying: I shall have peace, and will walk on in the naughtiness of my heart: and the drunken may consume the thirsty,

The drunken, etc., absumat ebria sitientem. . .It is a proverbial expression, which may either be understood, as spoken by the sinner, blessing, that is, flattering himself in his sins with the imagination of peace, and so great an abundance as may satisfy, and as it were, consume all thirst and want: or it may be referred to the root of bitterness, spoken of before, which being drunken with sin may attract, and by that means consume, such as thirst after the like evils.

29:20. And the Lord should not forgive him: but his wrath and jealousy against that man should be exceedingly enkindled at that time, and all the curses that are written in this volume should light upon him: and the Lord should blot out his name from under heaven,
29:21. And utterly destroy him out of all the tribes of Israel, according to the curses that are contained in the book of this law and covenant:
29:22. And the following generation shall say, and the children that shall be born hereafter, and the strangers that shall come from afar, seeing the plagues of that land and the evils wherewith the Lord has afflicted it,
29:23. Burning it with brimstone, and the heat of salt, so that it cannot be sown any more, nor any green thing grow therein, after the example of the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, Adama and Seboim, which the Lord destroyed in his wrath and indignation:
29:24. And all the nations shall say: Why has the Lord done thus to this land? What means this exceeding great heat of His wrath?
29:25. And they shall answer: Because they forsook the covenant of the Lord, which he made with their fathers, when he brought them out of the land of Egypt:
29:26. And they have served strange gods, and adored them, whom they knew not, and for whom they had not been assigned:
29:27. Therefore the wrath of the Lord was kindled against this land, to bring upon it all the curses that are written in this volume:
29:28. And he has cast them out of their land, in anger and in wrath, and in very great indignation, and has thrown them into a strange land, as it is seen this day.
29:29. Secret things to the Lord our God: things that are manifest, to us and to our children forever, that we may do all the words of this law.

Secret things, etc. . .As much as to say, secret things belong to, and are known to, God alone; our business must be to observe what he has revealed and manifested to us, and to direct our lives accordingly.

Deuteronomy Chapter 30

Great mercies are promised to the penitent: God's commandment is feasible. Life and death are set before them.

30:1. Now when all these things shall be come upon you, the blessing or the curse, which I have set forth before you, and you shall be touched with repentance of your heart among all the nations, into which the Lord your God shall have scattered you,
30:2. And shall return to him, and obey his commandments, as I command you this day, you and your children, with all your heart, and with all your soul:
30:3. The Lord your God will bring back again your captivity, and will have mercy on you, and gather you again out of all the nations, into which he scattered you before.
30:4. If you be driven as far as the poles of heaven, the Lord your God will fetch you back from hence,
30:5. And will take you to himself, and bring you into the land which your fathers possessed, and you shall possess it: and blessing you, he will make you more numerous than were your fathers.
30:6. The Lord your God will circumcise your heart, and the heart of your seed: that you may love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul, that you may live.
30:7. And he will turn all these curses upon your enemies, and upon them that hate and persecute you.
30:8. But you shall return, and hear the voice of the Lord your God, and shall do all the commandments which I command you this day:
30:9. And the Lord your God will make you abound in all the works of your hands, in the fruit of your womb, and in the fruit of your cattle, in the fruitfulness of your land, and in the plenty of all things. For the Lord will return to rejoice over you in all good things, as he rejoiced in your fathers:
30:10. Yet so if you hear the voice of the Lord your God, and keep his precepts and ceremonies, which are written in this law: and return to the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul.
30:11. This commandment, that I command you this day is not above you, nor far off from you:
30:12. Nor is it in heaven, that you should say: Which of us can go up to heaven to bring it unto us, and we may hear and fulfill it in work?
30:13. Nor is it beyond the sea: that you may excuse yourself, and say: Which of us can cross the sea, and bring it unto us: that we may hear, and do that which is commanded?
30:14. But the word is very nigh unto you, in your mouth and in your heart, that you may do it.
30:15. Consider that I have set before you this day life and good, and on the other hand death and evil:
30:16. That you may love the Lord your God, and walk in his ways, and keep his commandments and ceremonies and judgments, and bless you in the land, which you shall go in to possess.
30:17. But if your heart be turned away, so that you will not hear, and being deceived with error you adore strange gods, and serve them:
30:18. I foretell you this day that you shall perish, and shall remain but a short time in the land, to which you shall pass over the Jordan, and shall go in to possess it.
30:19. I call heaven and earth to witness this day, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing. Choose therefore life, that both you and your seed may live:
30:20. And that you may love the Lord your God, and obey his voice, and adhere to him (for he is your life, and the length of your days,) that you may dwell in the land, for which the Lord swore to your fathers Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob that he would give it them.

Deuteronomy Chapter 31

Moses encourages the people, and Joshua, who is appointed to succeed him. He delivers the law to the priests. God foretells that the people will often forsake him, and that he will punish them. He commands Moses to write a canticle as a constant reminder of the law.

31:1. Moses went, and spoke all these words to all Israel,
...and said to him before all Israel: Take courage, and be valiant: for you shall bring this people into the land which the Lord swore he would give to their fathers, and you shall divide it by lot.
Deuteronomy 31:7
31:2. He said to them: I am this day a hundred and twenty years old, I can no longer go out and come in, especially as the Lord also has said to me: You shall not pass over this Jordan.
31:3. The Lord your God then will pass over before you: he will destroy all these nations in your sight, and you shall possess them: and this Joshua shall go over before you, as the Lord has spoken.
31:4. The Lord shall do to them as he did to Sehon and Og the kings of the Amorrhites, and to their land, and shall destroy them.
31:5. Therefore when the Lord shall have delivered these also to you, you shall do in like manner to them as I have commanded you.
31:6. Do manfully and be of good heart: fear not, nor be dismayed at their sight: for the Lord your God he himself is your leader, and will not leave you nor forsake you.
31:7. Moses called Joshua, and said to him before all Israel: Take courage, and be valiant: for you shall bring this people into the land which the Lord swore he would give to their fathers, and you shall divide it by lot.
31:8. The Lord who is your leader, he himself will be with you: he will not leave you, nor forsake you: fear not, neither be dismayed.
31:9. Moses wrote this law, and delivered it to the priests the sons of Levi, who carried the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and to all the ancients of Israel.
The Lord said to Moses: Behold the days of your death are nigh: call Joshua, and stand in the tabernacle of the testimony...
Deuteronomy 31:14
31:10. He commanded them, saying: After seven years, in the year of remission, in the feast of tabernacles,
31:11. When all Israel come together, to appear in the sight of the Lord your God in the place which the Lord shall choose, you shall read the words of this law before all Israel, in their hearing.
31:12. The people being all assembled together, both men and women, children and strangers, that are within your gates: that hearing they may learn, and fear the Lord your God, and keep, and fulfill all the words of this law:
31:13. That their children also, who now are ignorant, may hear, and fear the Lord their God, all the days that they live in the land whither you are going over the Jordan to possess it.
31:14. The Lord said to Moses: Behold the days of your death are nigh: call Joshua, and stand in the tabernacle of the testimony, that I may give him a charge. So Moses and Joshua went and stood in the tabernacle of the testimony:
31:15. The Lord appeared there in the pillar of a cloud, which stood in the entry of the tabernacle.
31:16. The Lord said to Moses: Behold you shall sleep with your fathers, and this people rising up will go after strange gods in the land, to which it goes in to dwell: there will they forsake Me, and will make void the covenant, which I have made with them,
Moses therefore wrote the canticle, and taught it to the children of Israel.
Deuteronomy 31:22
31:17. and My wrath shall be kindled against them in that day: and I will forsake them, and will hide My face from them, and they shall be devoured: all evils and afflictions shall find them, so that they shall say in that day: In truth it is because God is not with me, that these evils have found me.
31:18. But I will hide, and cover My face in that day, for all the evils which they have done, because they have followed strange gods.
31:19. Now therefore write you this canticle, and teach the children of Israel: that they may know it by heart, and sing it by mouth, and this song may be unto me for a testimony among the children of Israel.
31:20. For I will bring them into the land, for which I swore to their fathers, that flows with milk and honey. When they have eaten, and are full and fat, they will turn away after strange gods, and will serve them: and will despise Me, and make void My covenant.
31:21. After many evils and afflictions shall have come upon them, this canticle shall answer them for a testimony, which no oblivion shall take away out of the mouth of their seed. For I know their thoughts, and what they are about to do this day, before that I bring them into the land which I have promised them.
31:22. Moses therefore wrote the canticle, and taught it to the children of Israel.
31:23. The Lord commanded Joshua the son of Nun, and said: Take courage, and be valiant: for you shall bring the children of Israel into the land which I have promised, and I will be with you.
31:24. Therefore after Moses had written the words of this law in a volume, and finished it:
31:25. He commanded the Levites, who carried the ark of the covenant of the Lord, saying:
31:26. Take this book, and put it in the side of the ark of the covenant of the Lord your God: that it may be there for a testimony against you.
31:27. For I know your obstinacy, and your most stiff neck. While I am yet living, and going in with you, you have always been rebellious against the Lord: how much more when I shall be dead?
31:28. Gather unto me all the elders of your tribes, and your doctors, and I will speak these words in their hearing, and will call Heaven and earth to witness against them.
31:29. For I know that, after my death, you will do wickedly, and will quickly turn aside from the way that I have commanded you: and evils shall come upon you in the latter times, when you shall do evil in the sight of the Lord, to provoke Him by the works of your hands.
31:30. Moses therefore spoke, in the hearing of the whole assembly of Israel, the words of this canticle, and finished it even to the end.

Deuteronomy Chapter 32

A canticle for the remembrance of the law. Moses is commanded to go up into a mountain, from whence he shall see the promised land but not enter into it.

32:1. Hear, O heavens, the things I speak, let the earth give ear to the words of my mouth.
32:2. Let my doctrine gather as the rain, let my speech distil as the dew, as a shower upon the herb, and as drops upon the grass.
32:3. Because I will invoke the name of the Lord: give magnificence to our God.
32:4. The works of God are perfect, and all his ways are judgments: God is faithful and without any iniquity, he is just and right.
32:5. They have sinned against him, and are none of his children in their filth: they are a wicked and perverse generation.
32:6. Is this the return you make to the Lord, O foolish and senseless people? Is not he your father, that has possessed you, and made you, and created you?
32:7. Remember the days of old, think upon every generation: ask your father, and he will declare to you: your elders and they will tell you.
32:8. When the Most High divided the nations: when he separated the sons of Adam, he appointed the bounds of people according to the number of the children of Israel.
32:9. But the Lord's portion is his people: Jacob the lot of his inheritance.
32:10. He found him in a desert land, in a place of horror, and of vast wilderness: he led him about, and taught him: and he kept him as the apple of his eye.
<nonclude>
The land flowing with milk and honey
Deuteronomy 32:14
32:11. As the eagle enticing her young to fly, and hovering over them, he spread his wings, and has taken him and carried him on his shoulders.
32:12. The Lord alone was his leader: and there was no strange god with him.
32:13. He set him upon high land: that he might eat the fruits of the fields, that he might suck honey out of the rock, and oil out of the hardest stone,
32:14. Butter of the herd, and milk of the sheep with the fat of lambs, and of the rams of the breed of Basan: and goats with the marrow of wheat, and might drink the purest blood of the grape.
32:15. The beloved grew fat, and kicked: he grew fat, and thick and gross, he forsook God who made him, and departed from God his savior.
32:16. They provoked him by strange gods, and stirred him up to anger, with their abominations.
32:17. They sacrificed to devils and not to God: to gods whom they knew not: that were newly come up, whom their fathers worshipped not.
32:18. You have forsaken the God that begot you, and have forgotten the Lord that created you.
32:19. The Lord saw, and was moved to wrath: because his own sons and daughters provoked him.
32:20. He said: I will hide my face from them, and will consider what their last end shall be: for it is a perverse generation, and unfaithful children.
32:21. They have provoked me with that which was no god, and have angered me with their vanities: and I will provoke them with that which is no people, and will vex them with a foolish nation.
32:22. A fire is kindled in my wrath, and shall burn even to the lowest hell: and shall devour the earth with her increase, and shall burn the foundations of the mountains.
32:23. I will heap evils upon them, and will spend my arrows among them.
32:24. They shall be consumed with famine, and birds shall devour them with a most bitter bite: I will send the teeth of beasts upon them, with the fury of creatures that trail upon the ground, and of serpents.
32:25. Without, the sword shall lay them waste, and terror within, both the young man and the virgin, the babe with the man in years.
32:26. I said: Where are they? I will make the memory of them to cease from among men.
32:27. But for the wrath of the enemies I have deferred it: lest perhaps their enemies might be proud, and should say: Our mighty hand, and not the Lord, has done all these things.
32:28. They are a nation without counsel, and without wisdom.
32:29. O that they would be wise and would understand, and would provide for their last end.
32:30. How should one pursue after a thousand, and two chase ten thousand? Was it not, because their God had sold them, and the Lord had shut them up?
32:31. For our God is not as their gods: our enemies themselves are judges.
32:32. Their vines are of the vineyard of Sodom, and of the suburbs of Gomorrah: their grapes are grapes of gall, and their clusters most bitter.
32:33. Their wine is the gall of dragons, and the venom of asps, which is incurable.
32:34. Are not these things stored up with me, and sealed up in my treasures?
32:35. Revenge is mine, and I will repay them in due time, that their foot may slide: the day of destruction is at hand, and the time makes haste to come.
32:36. The Lord will judge his people, and will have mercy on his servants: he shall see that their hand is weakened, and that they who were shut up have also failed, and they that remained are consumed.
32:37. He shall say: Where are their gods, in whom they trusted?
32:38. Of whose victims they ate the fat, and drank the wine of their drink offerings: let them arise and help you, and protect you in your distress.
32:39. See that I alone am, and there is no other God besides me: I will kill and I will make to live: I will strike, and I will heal, and there is none that can deliver out of my hand.
32:40. I will lift up my hand to heaven, and I will say: I live forever.
32:41. If I shall whet my sword as the lightning, and my hand take hold on judgment: I will render vengeance to my enemies, and repay them that hate me.
32:42. I will make my arrows drunk with blood, and my sword shall devour flesh, of the blood of the slain and of the captivity, of the bare head of the enemies.
32:43. Praise his people, you nations, for he will revenge the blood of his servants: and will render vengeance to their enemies, and he will be merciful to the land of his people.
32:44. So Moses came and spoke all the words of this canticle in the ears of the people, and Joshua the son of Nun.
32:45. He ended all these words, speaking to all Israel.
32:46. He said to them: Set your hearts on all the words, which I testify to you this day: which you shall command your children to observe and to do, and to fulfill all that is written in this law:
32:47. For they are not commanded you in vain, but that everyone should live in them, and that doing them you may continue a long time in the land whither you are going over the Jordan to possess it.
32:48. The Lord spoke to Moses the same day, saying:
32:49. Go up into this mountain Abarim, (that is to say, of passages,) unto mount Nebo, which is in the land of Moab over against Jericho: and see the land of Canaan, which I will deliver to the children of Israel to possess, and die you in the mountain.
32:50. When you are gone up into it you shall be gathered to your people, as Aaron your brother died in mount Hor, and was gathered to his people:
32:51. Because you trespassed against me in the midst of the children of Israel, at the waters of contradiction, in Cades of the desert of Sin: and you did not sanctify me among the children of Israel.
32:52. You shall see the land before you, which I will give to the children of Israel, but you shall not enter into it.

Deuteronomy Chapter 33

Moses before his death blesses the tribes of Israel.

33:1. This is the blessing, wherewith the man of God, Moses, blessed the children of Israel, before his death.
33:2. He said: The Lord came from Sinai, and from Seir he rose up to us: he has appeared from mount Pharan, and with him thousands of saints. In his right hand a fiery law.
33:3. He has loved the people, all the saints are in his hand: and they that approach to his feet, shall receive of his doctrine.
33:4. Moses commanded us a law, the inheritance of the multitude of Jacob.
33:5. He shall be king with the most right, the princes of the people, being assembled with the tribes of Israel.
33:6. Let Reuben live, and not die, and be he small in number.
33:7. This is the blessing of Judah. Hear, O Lord, the voice of Judah, and bring him in unto his people: his hands shall fight for him, and he shall be his helper against his enemies.
33:8. To Levi also he said: Your perfection, and your doctrine be to your holy man, whom you have proved in the temptation, and judged at the waters of contradiction:

Holy man. . .Aaron and his successors in the priesthood.

33:9. Who has said to his father, and to his mother: I do not know you; and to his brethren: I know you not: and their own children they have not known. These have kept your word, and observed your covenant,

Who has said, etc. . .It is the duty of the priestly tribe to prefer God's honor and service before all considerations of flesh and blood: in such manner as to behave as strangers to their nearest akin, when these would withdraw them from the business of their calling.

33:10. Your judgments, O Jacob, and your law, O Israel: they shall put incense in your wrath and holocaust upon your altar.
33:11. Bless, O Lord, his strength, and receive the works of his hands. Strike the backs of his enemies, and let not them that hate him rise.
33:12. To Benjamin he said: The best beloved of the Lord shall dwell confidently in him: as in a bride chamber shall he abide all the day long, and between his shoulders shall be rest.

Shall dwell, etc. . .This seems to allude to the temple being built in the confines of the tribe of Benjamin.

33:13. To Joseph also he said: Of the blessing of the Lord be his land, of the fruits of heaven, and of the dew, and of the deep that lies beneath.
33:14. Of the fruits brought forth by the sun and by the moon.
33:15. Of the tops of the ancient mountains, of the fruits of the everlasting hills:
33:16. and of the fruits of the earth, and of its fullness. The blessing of him that appeared in the bush, come upon the head of Joseph, and upon the crown of the Nazarite among his brethren.

The Nazarite. . .See the note on Gen. 49.26.

33:17. His beauty as of the firstling of a bullock, his horns as the horns of a rhinoceros: with them shall he push the nations even to the ends of the earth. These are the multitudes of Ephraim and these the thousands of Manasseh.
33:18. To Zebulon he said: Rejoice, O Zebulon, in your going out; and Issachar in your tabernacles.
33:19. They shall call the people to the mountain: there shall they sacrifice the victims of justice. Who shall suck as milk the abundance of the sea, and the hidden treasures of the sands.
33:20. To Gad he said: Blessed be Gad in his breadth: he has rested as a lion, and has seized upon the arm and the top of the head.
33:21. He saw his pre-eminence, that in his portion the teacher was laid up: who was with the princes of the people, and did the justices of the Lord, and his judgment with Israel.

He saw, etc. . .The pre-eminence of the tribe of Gad, to which this alludes, was their having the lawgiver Moses buried in their borders; though the particular place was not known.

33:22. To Dan also he said: Dan is a young lion, he shall flow plentifully from Basan.
33:23. To Naphtali he said: Naphtali shall enjoy abundance, and shall be full of the blessings of the Lord: he shall possess the sea and the south.

The sea. . .The lake of Genesareth.

33:24. To Asher also he said: Let Asher be blessed with children, let him be acceptable to his brethren, and let him dip his foot in oil.
33:25. His shoe shall be iron and brass. As the days of your youth, so also shall your old age be.
33:26. There is no other god like the God of the rightest: he that is mounted upon the heaven is your helper. By his magnificence the clouds run hither and thither.
33:27. His dwelling is above, and underneath are the everlasting arms: he shall cast out the enemy from before you, and shall say: Be you brought to naught.

Underneath are the everlasting arms. . .Though the dwelling of God be above in heaven, his arms are always stretched out to help us here below.

33:28. Israel shall dwell in safety, and alone. The eye of Jacob in a land of corn and wine, and the heavens shall be misty with dew.
33:29. Blessed are you, Israel: who is like to you, O people, that are saved by the Lord? the shield of your help, and the sword of your glory: your enemies shall deny you, and you shall tread upon their necks.

Deuteronomy Chapter 34

Moses sees the promised land, but is not permitted to go into it. He dies at the age of 120 years. God buries his body secretly, and all Israel mourn for him thirty days. Joshua, replenished (by imposition of Moses's hands) with the spirit of God, succeeds. But Moses, for his special familiarity with God, and for most wonderful miracles, is commended above all other prophets.

34:1. Then Moses went up from the plains of Moab upon mount Nebo, to the top of Phasga over against Jericho: and the Lord showed him all the land of Galaad as far as Dan.
34:2. And all Naphtali, and the land of Ephraim and Manasseh, and all the land of Judah unto the furthermost sea,
34:3. And the south part, and the breadth of the plain of Jericho the city of palm trees as far as Segor.
34:4. And the Lord said to him: This is the land, for which I swore to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, saying: I will give it to your seed. You have seen it with your eyes, and shall not pass over to it.
34:5. And Moses the servant of the Lord died there, in the land of Moab, by the commandment of the Lord:
34:6. And he buried him in the valley of the land of Moab over against Phogor: and no man has known of his sepulchre until this present day.

He buried him, viz. . .by the ministry of angels, and would have the place of his burial to be unknown, lest the Israelites, who were so prone to idolatry, might worship him with divine honors.

34:7. Moses was a hundred and twenty years old when he died: his eye was not dim, neither were his teeth moved.
34:8. And the children of Israel mourned for him in the plains of Moab thirty days: and the days of their mourning in which they mourned Moses were ended.
34:9. And Joshua the son of Nun was filled with the spirit of wisdom, because Moses had laid his hands upon him. And the children of Israel obeyed him, and did as the Lord commanded Moses.
34:10. And there arose no more a prophet in Israel like unto Moses, whom the Lord knew face to face,
34:11. In all the signs and wonders, which he sent by him, to do in the land of Egypt to Pharaoh, and to all his servants, and to his whole land,
34:12. And all the mighty hand, and great miracles, which Moses did before all Israel.

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