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Category:Book of Psalms 2 (Psalms 76-150)

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See also: Psalms 1 - 75.

Contents

Psalms Chapter 76 / Psalm 76 (77 G)

Voce mea.

The faithful have recourse to God in trouble of mind, with confidence in his mercy and power.

76:1. Unto the end, for Idithun, a psalm of Asaph.
76:2. I cried to the Lord with my voice; to God with my voice, and he gave ear to me.
76:3. In the days of my trouble I sought God, with my hands lifted up to him in the night, and I was not deceived. My soul refused to be comforted:
76:4. I remembered God, and was delighted, and was exercised, and my spirit swooned away.
76:5. My eyes prevented the watches: I was troubled, and I spoke not.
76:6. I thought upon the days of old: and I had in my mind the eternal years.
76:7. And I meditated in the night with my own heart: and I was exercised and I swept my spirit.
76:8. Will God then cast off forever? or will he never be more favorable again?
76:9. Or will he cut off his mercy forever, from generation to generation?
76:10. Or will God forget to show mercy? or will he in his anger shut up his mercies?
76:11. And I said, Now have I begun: this is the change of the right hand of the most High.
76:12. I remembered the works of the Lord: for I will be mindful of your wonders from the beginning.
76:13. And I will meditate on all your works: and will be employed in your inventions.
76:14. Your way, O God, is in the holy place: who is the great God like our God?
76:15. You are the God that dost wonders. You have made your power known among the nations:
76:16. With your arm you have redeemed your people the children of Jacob and of Joseph.
76:17. The waters saw you, O God, the waters saw you: and they were afraid, and the depths were troubled.
76:18. Great was the noise of the waters: the clouds sent out a sound. For your arrows pass:
76:19. The voice of your thunder in a wheel. Your lightnings enlightened the world: the earth shook and trembled.
76:20. Your way is in the sea, and your paths in many waters: and your footsteps shall not be known.
76:21. You have conducted your people like sheep, by the hand of Moses and Aaron.

Psalms Chapter 77 / Psalm 77 (78 G)

Attendite.

God's great benefits to the people of Israel, notwithstanding their ingratitude.

77:1. Understanding for Asaph. Attend, O my people, to my law: incline your ears to the words of my mouth.
77:2. I will open my mouth in parables: I will utter propositions from the beginning.

Propositions. . .Deep and mysterious sayings. By this it appears that the historical facts of ancient times, commemorated in this psalm, were deep and mysterious: as being figures of great truths appertaining to the time of the New Testament.

77:3. How great things have we heard and known, and our fathers have told us.
77:4. They have not been hidden from their children, in another generation. Declaring the praises of the Lord, and His powers, and His wonders which He has done.
77:5. He set up a testimony in Jacob: and made a law in Israel. How great things He commanded our fathers, that they should make the same known to their children:
He divided the sea and brought them through: and He made the waters to stand as in a vessel.
Psalms 77:13 (78:13)
77:6. That another generation might know them. The children that should be born and should rise up, and declare them to their children.
77:7. That they may put their hope in God and may not forget the works of God: and may seek His commandments.
77:8. That they may not become like their fathers, a perverse and exasperating generation. A generation that set not their heart aright: and whose spirit was not faithful to God.
77:9. The sons of Ephraim who bend and shoot with the bow: they have turned back in the day of battle.
77:10. They kept not the covenant of God: and in His law they would not walk.
77:11. They forgot His benefits, and His wonders that He had shown them.
77:12. Wonderful things did He do in the sight of their fathers, in the land of Egypt, in the field of Tanis.
77:13. He divided the sea and brought them through: and He made the waters to stand as in a vessel.
77:14. He conducted them with a cloud by day: and all the night with a light of fire.
77:15. He struck the rock in the wilderness: and gave them to drink, as out of the great deep.
77:16. He brought forth water out of the rock: and made streams run down as rivers.
77:17. They added yet more sin against Him: they provoked the Most High to wrath in the place without water.
God had rained down manna upon them to eat, and had given them the bread of heaven.
Psalms 77:24 (78:25)
77:18. They tempted God in their hearts, by asking meat for their desires.
77:19. They spoke ill of God: they said: Can God furnish a table in the wilderness?
77:20. Because He struck the rock, and the waters gushed out, and the streams overflowed. Can He also give bread, or provide a table for His people?
77:21. Therefore the Lord heard, and was angry: and a fire was kindled against Jacob, and wrath came up against Israel.
77:22. Because they believed not in God: and trusted not in His salvation.
77:23. He had commanded the clouds from above, and had opened the doors of Heaven.
77:24. God had rained down manna upon them to eat, and had given them the bread of heaven.
77:25. Man ate the bread of angels: he sent them provisions in abundance.
77:26. He removed the south wind from Heaven: and by His power brought in the southwest wind.
77:27. He rained upon them flesh as dust: and feathered fowls like as the sand of the sea.
77:28. They fell in the midst of their camp, round about their pavilions.
77:29. So they did eat, and were filled exceedingly, and He gave them their desire:
77:30. they were not defrauded of that which they craved. As yet their meat was in their mouth:
77:31. and the wrath of God came upon them. He slew the fat ones amongst them, and brought down the chosen men of Israel.
77:32. In all these things they sinned still: and they behaved not for His wondrous works.
77:33. Their days were consumed in vanity, and their years in haste.
77:34. When He slew them, then they sought Him: and they returned, and came to Him early in the morning.
77:35. They remembered that God was their helper: and the Most High God their Redeemer.
77:36. They loved Him with their mouth: and with their tongue they lied unto Him:
77:37. But their heart was not right with Him: nor were they counted faithful in His covenant.
77:38. But He is merciful, and will forgive their sins: and will not destroy them. Many a time did He turn away his anger: and did not kindle all His wrath.
77:39. He remembered that they are flesh: a wind that goes and returns not.
77:40. How often did they provoke Him in the desert: and move Him to wrath in the place without water?
77:41. They turned back and tempted God: and grieved the holy one of Israel.
77:42. They remembered not His hand, in the day that He redeemed them from the hand of him that afflicted them:
77:43. How He wrought His signs in Egypt, and His wonders in the field of Tanis.
77:44. He turned their rivers into blood, and their showers that they might not drink.
77:45. He sent among them diverse sorts of flies, which devoured them: and frogs which destroyed them.
77:46. He gave up their fruits to the blast, and their labors to the locust.
77:47. He destroyed their vineyards with hail, and their mulberry trees with hoarfrost.
77:48. He gave up their cattle to the hail, and their stock to the fire.
77:49. He sent upon them the wrath of His indignation: indignation and wrath and trouble, which He sent by evil angels.
77:50. He made a way for a path to His anger: He spared not their souls from death, and their cattle He shut up in death.
77:51. He killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt: the first fruits of all their labor in the tabernacles of Cham.
77:52. He took away his own people as sheep: and guided them in the wilderness like a flock.
77:53. He brought them out in hope and they feared not: and the sea overwhelmed their enemies.
77:54. He brought them into the mountain of his sanctuary: the mountain which His right hand had purchased. He cast out the Gentiles before them: and by lot divided to them their land by a line of distribution.
77:55. He made the tribes of Israel to dwell in their tabernacles.
77:56. Yet they tempted, and provoked the Most High God: and they kept not His testimonies.
77:57. They turned away, and kept not the covenant: even like their fathers they were turned aside as a crooked bow.
77:58. They provoked him to anger on their hills: and moved Him to jealousy with their graven things.
77:59. God heard, and despised them, and He reduced Israel exceedingly as it were to nothing.
77:60. He put away the tabernacle of Silo, His tabernacle where He dwelt among men.
77:61. He delivered their strength into captivity: and their beauty into the hands of the enemy.
77:62. He shut up His people under the sword: and He despised His inheritance.
77:63. Fire consumed their young men: and their maidens were not lamented.
77:64. Their priests fell by the sword: and their widows did not mourn.
77:65. The Lord was awakened as one out of sleep, and like a mighty man that has been surfeited with wine.
77:66. He smote His enemies on the hinder parts: He put them to an everlasting reproach.
77:67. He rejected the tabernacle of Joseph: and chose not the tribe of Ephraim:
77:68. But He chose the tribe of Juda, mount Zion which He loved.
77:69. He built His sanctuary as of unicorns, in the land which He founded forever.

As of unicorns. . .That is, firm and strong like the horn of the unicorn. This is one of the chiefest of the propositions of this psalm, foreshowing the firm establishment of the one, true, and everlasting sanctuary of God, in His Church.

77:70. He chose His servant David, and took him from the flocks of sheep: He brought him from following the ewes great with young,
77:71. To feed Jacob his servant and Israel his inheritance.
77:72. He fed them in the innocence of his heart: and conducted them by the skilfulness of his hands.

Psalms Chapter 78 / Psalm 78 (79 G)

Deus, venerunt gentes.

The church in time of persecution prayeth for relief. It seems to belong to the time of the Machabees.

78:1. A psalm for Asaph. O God, the heathens are come into your inheritance, they have defiled your holy temple: they have made Jerusalem as a place to keep fruit.
78:2. They have given the dead bodies of your servants to be meat for the fowls of the air: the flesh of your saints for the beasts of the earth.
78:3. They have poured out their blood as water, round about Jerusalem and there was none to bury them.
78:4. We are become a reproach to our neighbors: a scorn and derision to them that are round about us.
78:5. How long, O Lord, will you be angry forever: shall your zeal be kindled like a fire?
78:6. Pour out your wrath upon the nations that have not known you: and upon the kingdoms that have not called upon your name.
78:7. Because they have devoured Jacob; and have laid waste his place.
78:8. Remember not our former iniquities: let your mercies speedily prevent us, for we are become exceeding poor.
78:9. Help us, O God, our savior: and for the glory of your name, O Lord, deliver us: and forgive us our sins for your name's sake:
78:10. Lest they should say among the Gentiles: Where is their God? And let him be made known among the nations before our eyes, By the revenging the blood of your servants, which has been shed:
78:11. Let the sighing of the prisoners come in before you. According to the greatness of your arm, take possession of the children of them that have been put to death.
78:12. And render to our neighbors sevenfold in their bosom: the reproach wherewith they have reproached you, O Lord.
78:13. But we your people, and the sheep of your pasture, will give thanks to you forever. We will show forth your praise, unto generation and generation.

Psalms Chapter 79 / Psalm 79 (80 G)

Qui regis Israel.

A prayer for the church in tribulation, commemorating God's former favors.

79:1. Unto the end, for them that shall be changed, a testimony for Asaph, a psalm.
79:2. Give ear, O you that rulest Israel: you that leadest Joseph like a sheep. You that sittest upon the cherubims, shine forth
79:3. Before Ephraim, Benjamin, and Manasses. Stir up your might, and come to save us.
79:4. Convert us, O God: and show us your face, and we shall be saved.
79:5. O Lord God of hosts, how long will you be angry against the prayer of your servant?
You have brought a vineyard out of Egypt: you have cast out the Gentiles and planted it.
Psalms 79:9
79:6. How long will you feed us with the bread of tears: and give us for our drink tears in measure?
79:7. You have made us to be a contradiction to our neighbors: and our enemies have scoffed at us.
79:8. O God of hosts, convert us: and show your face, and we shall be saved.
79:9. You have brought a vineyard out of Egypt: you have cast out the Gentiles and planted it.
79:10. You wast the guide of its journey in its sight: you plantedst the roots thereof, and it filled the land.
79:11. The shadow of it covered the hills: and the branches thereof the cedars of God.
79:12. It stretched forth its branches unto the sea, and its boughs unto the river.
79:13. Why have you broken down the hedge thereof, so that all they who pass by the way do pluck it?
79:14. The boar out of the wood has laid it waste: and a singular wild beast has devoured it.
79:15. Turn again, O God of hosts, look down from heaven, and see, and visit this vineyard:
79:16. And perfect the same which your right hand has planted: and upon the son of man whom you have confirmed for thyself.
79:17. Things set on fire and dug down shall perish at the rebuke of your countenance.

Things set on fire, etc. . .So this vineyard of thine, almost consumed already, must perish, if you continue your rebukes.

79:18. Let your hand be upon the man of your right hand: and upon the son of man whom you have confirmed for thyself.

The man of your right hand. . .Christ.

79:19. And we depart not from you, you shall quicken us: and we will call upon your name.
79:20. O Lord God of hosts, convert us and show your face, and we shall be saved.

Psalms Chapter 80 / Psalm 80 (81 G)

Exultate Deo.

An invitation to a solemn praising of God.

80:1. Unto the end, for the winepresses, a psalm for Asaph himself.

For the winepresses, etc. . .Torcularibus. It either signifies a musical instrument, or that this psalm was to be sung at the feast of the tabernacles after the gathering in of the vintage.

80:2. Rejoice to God our helper: sing aloud to the God of Jacob.
80:3. Take a psalm, and bring hither the timbrel: the pleasant psaltery with the harp.
80:4. Blow up the trumpet on the new moon, on the noted day of your solemnity.
80:5. For it is a commandment in Israel, and a judgment to the God of Jacob.
80:6. He ordained it for a testimony in Joseph, when he came out of the land of Egypt: he heard a tongue which he knew not.
80:7. He removed his back from the burdens: his hands had served in baskets.
80:8. You calledst upon me in affliction, and I delivered you: I heard you in the secret place of tempest: I proved you at the waters of contradiction.

In the secret place of tempest. . .Heb., Of thunder. When you soughtest to hide thyself from the tempest: or, when I came down to mount Sina, hidden from your eyes in a storm of thunder.

80:9. Hear, O my people, and I will testify to you: O Israel, if you will hearken to me,
80:10. there shall be no new god in you: neither shall you adore a strange god.
80:11. For I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt: open your mouth wide, and I will fill it.
80:12. But my people heard not my voice: and Israel hearkened not to me.
80:13. So I let them go according to the desires of their heart: they shall walk in their own inventions.
80:14. If my people had heard me: if Israel had walked in my ways:
80:15. I should soon have humbled their enemies, and laid my hand on them that troubled them.
80:16. The enemies of the Lord have lied to him: and their time shall be forever.

Their time shall be forever. . .Impenitent sinners shall suffer forever.

80:17. And he fed them with the fat of wheat, and filled them with honey out of the rock.

Psalms Chapter 81 / Psalm 81 (82 G)

Deus stetit.

An exhortation to judges and men in power.

81:1. A psalm for Asaph. God has stood in the congregation of gods: and being in the midst of them he judgeth gods.
81:2. How long will you judge unjustly: and accept the persons of the wicked?
81:3. Judge for the needy and fatherless: do justice to the humble and the poor.
81:4. Rescue the poor; and deliver the needy out of the hand of the sinner.
81:5. They have not known nor understood: they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth shall be moved.
81:6. I have said: You are gods and all of you the sons of the most High.
81:7. But you like men shall die: and shall fall like one of the princes.
81:8. Arise, O God, judge you the earth: for you shall inherit among all the nations.

Psalms Chapter 82 / Psalm 82 (83 G)

Deus, quis similis.

A prayer against the enemies of God's church.

82:1. A canticle of a psalm for Asaph.
82:2. O God, who shall be like to you? hold not your peace, neither be you still, O God.
82:3. For lo, your enemies have made a noise: and they that hate you have lifted up the head.
82:4. They have taken a malicious counsel against your people, and have consulted against your saints.
82:5. They have said: Come and let us destroy them, so that they be not a nation: and let the name of Israel be remembered no more.
82:6. For they have contrived with one consent: they have made a covenant together against you,
82:7. The tabernacle of the Edomites, and the Ishmahelites: Moab, and the Agarens,
82:8. Gebal, and Ammon and Amalec: the Philistines, with the inhabitants of Tyre.
82:9. Yea, and the Assyrian also is joined with them: they are come to the aid of the sons of Lot.
82:10. Do to them as you didst to Madian and to Sisara: as to Jabin at the brook of Cisson.
82:11. Who perished at Endor: and became as dung for the earth.
82:12. Make their princes like Oreb, and Zeb, and Zebee, and Salmana. All their princes,
82:13. Who have said: Let us possess the sanctuary of God for an inheritance.
82:14. O my God, make them like a wheel; and as stubble before the wind.
82:15. As fire which burneth the wood: and as a flame burning mountains:
82:16. So shall you pursue them with your tempest: and shall trouble them in your wrath.
82:17. Fill their faces with shame; and they shall seek your name, O Lord.
82:18. Let them be ashamed and troubled forever and ever: and let them be confounded and perish.
82:19. And let them know that the Lord is your name: you alone are the most High over all the earth.

Psalms Chapter 83 / Psalm 83 (84 G)

Quam dilecta.

The soul aspireth after heaven; rejoicing in the mean time, in being in the communion of God's church upon earth.

83:1. Unto the end, for the winepresses, a psalm for the sons of Core.
83:2. How lovely are your tabernacles, O Lord of hosts!
83:3. my soul longeth and fainteth for the courts of the Lord. My heart and my flesh have rejoiced in the living God.
83:4. For the sparrow has found herself a house, and the turtle a nest for herself where she may lay her young ones: Your altars, O Lord of hosts, my king and my God.
83:5. Blessed are they that dwell in your house, O Lord: they shall praise you forever and ever.
83:6. Blessed is the man whose help is from you: in his heart he has disposed to ascend by steps,

In his heart he has disposed to ascend by steps, etc. . .Ascensiones in corde suo disposuit. As by steps men ascended to the temple of God situated on a hill; so the good Christian ascends towards the eternal temple by certain steps of virtue disposed or ordered within the heart: and this whilst he lives as yet in the body, in this vale of tears, the place which man has set: that is, which he has brought himself to: being cast out of paradise for his sin.

83:7. In the vale of tears, in the place which he has set.
83:8. For the lawgiver shall give a blessing, they shall go from virtue to virtue: the God of gods shall be seen in Zion.
83:9. O Lord God of hosts, hear my prayer: give ear, O God of Jacob.
83:10. Behold, O God our protector: and look on the face of your Christ.
83:11. For better is one day in your courts above thousands. I have chosen to be an abject in the house of my God, rather than to dwell in the tabernacles of sinners.
83:12. For God loveth mercy and truth: the Lord will give grace and glory.
83:13. He will not deprive of good things them that walk in innocence: O Lord of hosts, blessed is the man that trusteth in you.

Psalms Chapter 84 / Psalm 84 (85 G)

Benedixisti, Domine.

The coming of Christ, to bring peace and salvation to man.

84:1. Unto the end, for the sons of Core, a psalm.
84:2. Lord, you have blessed your land: you have turned away the captivity of Jacob.
84:3. You have forgiven the iniquity of your people: you have covered all their sins.
84:4. You have mitigated all your anger: you have turned away from the wrath of your indignation.
84:5. Convert us, O God our savior: and turn off your anger from us.
84:6. Wilt you be angry with us forever: or will you extend your wrath from generation to generation?
84:7. You will turn, O God, and bring us to life: and your people shall rejoice in you.
84:8. Show us, O Lord, your mercy; and grant us your salvation.
84:9. I will hear what the Lord God will speak in me: for he will speak peace unto his people: And unto his saints: and unto them that are converted to the heart.
84:10. Surely his salvation is near to them that fear him : that glory may dwell in our land.
84:11. Mercy and truth have met each other: justice and peace have kissed.
84:12. Truth is sprung out of the earth: and justice has looked down from heaven.
84:13. For the Lord will give goodness: and our earth shall yield her fruit.
84:14. Justice shall walk before him: and, shall set his steps in the way.

Psalms Chapter 85 / Psalm 85 (86 G)

Inclina, Domine.

A prayer for God's grace to assist us to the end.

85:1. A prayer for David himself. Incline your ear, O Lord, and hear me: for I am needy and poor.
85:2. Preserve my soul, for I am holy: save your servant, O my God, that trusteth in you.

I am holy. . .I am by my office and profession dedicated to your service.

85:3. Have mercy on me, O Lord, for I have cried to you all the day.
85:4. Give joy to the soul of your servant, for to you, O Lord, I have lifted up my soul.
85:5. For you, O Lord, are sweet and mild: and plenteous in mercy to all that call upon you.
85:6. Give ear, O Lord, to my prayer: and attend to the voice of my petition.
85:7. I have called upon you in the day of my trouble: because you have heard me.
85:8. There is none among the gods like unto you, O Lord: and there is none according to your works.
85:9. All the nations you have made shall come and adore before you, O Lord: and they shall glorify your name.
85:10. For you are great and dost wonderful things: you are God alone.
85:11. Conduct me, O Lord, in your way, and I will walk in your truth: let my heart rejoice that it may fear your name.
85:12. I will praise you, O Lord my God, with my whole heart, and I will glorify your name forever:
85:13. For your mercy is great towards me: and you have delivered my soul out of the lower hell.
85:14. O God, the wicked are risen up against me, and the assembly of the mighty have sought my soul: and they have not set you before their eyes.
85:15. And you, O Lord, are a God of compassion, and merciful, patient, and of much mercy, and true.
85:16. O look upon me, and have mercy on me: give your command to your servant, and save the son of your handmaid.
85:17. Show me a token for good: that they who hate me may see, and be confounded, because you, O Lord, have helped me and have comforted me.

Psalms Chapter 86 / Psalm 86 (87 G)

Fundamenta ejus.

The glory of the church of Christ.

86:1. For the sons of Core, a psalm of a canticle. The foundations thereof are the holy mountains:

The holy mountains. . .The apostles and prophets. Eph. 2.20.

86:2. The Lord loveth the gates of Zion above all the tabernacles of Jacob.
86:3. Glorious things are said of you, O city of God.
86:4. I will be mindful of Rahab and of Babylon knowing me. Behold the foreigners, and Tyre, and the people of the Ethiopians, these were there.

Rahab. . .Egypt, etc. To this Zion, which is the church of God, many shall resort from all nations.

86:5. Shall not Zion say: This man and that man is born in her? and the Highest himself has founded her.

Shall not Zion say, etc. . .The meaning is, that Zion, viz., the church, shall not only be able to commemorate this or that particular person of renown born in her, but also to glory in great multitudes of people and princes of her communion; who have been foretold in the writings of the prophets, and registered in the writings of the apostles.

86:6. The Lord shall tell in his writings of peoples and of princes, of them that have been in her.
86:7. The dwelling in you is as it were of all rejoicing.

Psalms Chapter 87 / Psalm 87 (88 G)

Domine, Deus salutis.

A prayer of one under grievous affliction: it agrees to Christ in his passion, and alludes to his death and burial.

87:1. A canticle of a psalm for the sons of Core: unto the end, for Maheleth, to answer understanding of Eman the Ezrahite.

Maheleth. . .A musical instrument, or chorus of musicians, to answer one another.--Ibid. Understanding. . .Or a psalm of instruction, composed by Eman the Ezrahite, or by David, in his name.

87:2. O Lord, the God of my salvation: I have cried in the day, and in the night before You.
87:3. Let my prayer come in before You: incline Your ear to my petition.
87:4. For my soul is filled with evils: and my life has drawn nigh to hell.
87:5. I am counted among those who go down to the pit: I have become as a man without help,
87:6. Free among the dead. Like the slain sleeping in the graves, whom You remember no more: and they are cut off from Your hand.
87:7. They have laid me in the lower pit: in the dark places, and in the shadow of death.
87:8. Your wrath is strong over me: and all Your waves You have brought in upon me.
87:9. You have put away my acquaintance far from me: they have set me an abomination to themselves. I was delivered up, and came not forth:
87:10. My eyes languished through poverty. All the day I cried to You, O Lord: I stretched out my hands to You.
87:11. Will You show wonders to the dead? or shall physicians raise to life, and give praise to You?
87:12. Shall any one in the sepulcher declare Your mercy: and Your truth in destruction?
87:13. Shall Your wonders be known in the dark; and Your justice in the land of forgetfulness?
87:14. But I, O Lord, have cried to You: and in the morning my prayer shall prevent You.
87:15. Lord, why do You reject my prayer, why do You turn Your face away from me?
87:16. I am poor, and in labors from my youth: and being exalted have been humbled and troubled.
87:17. Your wrath has come upon me: and Your terrors have troubled me.
87:18. They have come round about me like water all the day: they have compassed me about together.
87:19. Friend and neighbor You have put far from me: and my acquaintance, because of misery.

Psalms Chapter 88 / Psalm 88 (89 G)

Misericordias Domini.

The perpetuity of the church of Christ, in consequence of the promise of God: which, notwithstanding, God permits her to suffer sometimes most grievous afflictions.

88:1. Of understanding, for Ethan the Ezrahite.
88:2. The mercies of the Lord I will sing forever. I will show forth Your truth with my mouth to generation and generation.
88:3. For You have said: Mercy shall be built up forever in the heavens: Your truth shall be prepared in them.
88:4. I have made a covenant with My elect: I have sworn to David My servant:
88:5. Your seed will I settle forever. And I will build up your throne unto generation and generation.
88:6. The heavens shall confess Your wonders, O Lord: and Your truth in the church of the saints.
88:7. For who in the clouds can be compared to the Lord: or who among the sons of God shall be like to God?
88:8. God, who is glorified in the assembly of the saints: great and terrible above all those who are about Him.
88:9. O Lord God of hosts, who can compare with You? You are mighty, O Lord, and Your truth is round about You.
88:10. You rules the power of the sea, and appease the motion of its waves.
88:11. You have humbled the proud one, as one that is slain: with the arm of Your strength You have scattered Your enemies.
88:12. Yours are the heavens, and Yours is the earth: the world and its fullness You have founded:
88:13. The north and the sea You have created. Tabor and Hermon shall rejoice in Your name:
88:14. Your arm is with might. Let Your hand be strengthened, and Your right hand exalted:
88:15. Justice and judgment are the preparation of Your throne. Mercy and truth shall go before Your face:
88:16. Blessed is the people that knows jubilation. They shall walk, O Lord, in the light of Your countenance:
88:17. And in Your name they shall rejoice all the day, and in Your justice they shall be exalted.
I have found David My servant: with My holy oil I have anointed him.
Psalm 88:21 (89 G)
88:18. For You are the glory of their strength: and in Your good pleasure shall our horn be exalted.
88:19. For our protection is of the Lord, and of our king the holy one of Israel.
88:20. Then You spoke in a vision to Your saints, and said: I have laid help upon one that is mighty, and have exalted one chosen out of My people.
88:21. I have found David My servant: with My holy oil I have anointed him.
88:22. For My hand shall help him: and My arm shall strengthen him.
88:23. The enemy shall have no advantage over him: nor the son of iniquity have power to hurt him.
88:24. And I will cut down his enemies before his face; and those who hate him I will put to flight.
88:25. And My truth and My mercy shall be with him: and in My name shall his horn be exalted.
88:26. And I will set his hand in the sea; and his right hand in the rivers.
88:27. He shall cry out to Me: You are my father: my God, and the support of my salvation.
88:28. And I will make him My firstborn, high above the kings of the earth.
88:29. I will keep My mercy for him forever: and My covenant faithful to him.
88:30. And I will make his seed to endure forevermore: and his throne as the days of heaven.
88:31. And if his children forsake My law, and do not walk in My judgments:
88:32. If they profane My justices: and do not keep My commandments:
88:33. I will visit their iniquities with a rod and their sins with stripes.
88:34. But My mercy I will not take away from him: nor will I suffer My truth to fail.
88:35. Neither will I profane My covenant: and the words that proceed from my mouth I will not make void.
88:36. Once have I sworn by my holiness: I will not lie unto David:
88:37. His seed shall endure forever.
88:38. And his throne as the sun before me: and as the moon perfect forever, and a faithful witness in heaven.
88:39. But You have rejected and despised: You have been angry with my anointed.
88:40. You have overthrown the covenant of Your servant: You have profaned his sanctuary on the earth.

Overthrown the covenant, etc. . .All this seems to relate to the time of the captivity of Babylon, in which, for the sins of the people and their princes, God seemed to have set aside for a while the covenant he made with David.

88:41. You have broken down all his hedges: You have made his strength fear.
88:42. All that pass by the way have robbed him: he has become a reproach to his neighbors.
88:43. You have set up the right hand of those who oppress him: You have made all his enemies to rejoice.
88:44. You have turned away the help of his sword; and have not assisted him in battle.
88:45. You have made his purification to cease: and You have cast his throne down to the ground.
88:46. You have shortened the days of his time: You have covered him with confusion.
88:47. How long, O Lord, turnest you away unto the end? shall Your anger burn like fire?
88:48. Remember what my substance is: for have You made all the children of men in vain?
88:49. Who is the man that shall live, and not see death: that shall deliver his soul from the hand of hell?
88:50. Lord, where are Your ancient mercies, according to what You swore to David in Your truth?
88:51. Be mindful, O Lord, of the reproach of Your servants (which I have held in my bosom) of many nations:
88:52. Wherewith Your enemies have reproached, O Lord; wherewith they have reproached the change of Your anointed.
88:53. Blessed be the Lord forevermore. So be it. So be it.

Psalms Chapter 89 / Psalm 89 (90 G)

Domine, refugium.

Before the mountains were made...
Psalm 89:2 (90 G)

A prayer for the mercy of God: recounting the shortness and miseries of the days of man.

89:1. A prayer of Moses the man of God. Lord, You have been our refuge from generation to generation.
89:2. Before the mountains were made, or the earth and the world was formed; from eternity and to eternity You are God.
In the morning man shall grow up like grass...
Psalm 89:6 (90 G)
89:3. Turn not man away to be brought low: and You have said: Be converted, O ye sons of men.

Turn not man away, etc. . .Suffer him not quite to perish from you, since you are pleased to call upon him to be converted to you.

89:4. For a thousand years in Your sight are as yesterday, which is past. And as a watch in the night,
89:5. Things that are counted nothing, shall their years be.
89:6. In the morning man shall grow up like grass; in the morning he shall flourish and pass away: in the evening he shall fall, grow dry, and wither.
Our years shall be considered as a spider...
Psalm 89:9 (90 G)
89:7. For in your wrath we have fainted away: and are troubled in your indignation.
89:8. You have set our iniquities before your eyes: our life in the light of your countenance.
89:9. For all our days are spent; and in your wrath we have fainted away. Our years shall be considered as a spider:

As a spider. . .As frail and weak as a spider's web; and miserable withal, whilst like a spider we spend our bowels in weaving webs to catch flies.

89:10. The days of our years in them are threescore and ten years. But if in the strong they be fourscore years: and what is more of them is labor and sorrow. For mildness is come upon us: and we shall be corrected.

Mildness is come upon us, etc. . .God's mildness corrects us; inasmuch as he deals kindly with us, in shortening the days of this miserable life; and so weaning our affections from all its transitory enjoyments, and teaching us true wisdom.

89:11. Who knoweth the power of your anger, and for your fear
89:12. Can number your wrath? So make your right hand known: and men learned in heart, in wisdom.
89:13. Return, O Lord, how long? and be entreated in favor of your servants.
89:14. We are filled in the morning with your mercy: and we have rejoiced, and are delighted all our days.
89:15. We have rejoiced for the days in which you have humbled us: for the years in which we have seen evils.
89:16. Look upon your servants and upon their works: and direct their children.
89:17. And let the brightness of the Lord our God be upon us: and direct you the works of our hands over us; yea, the work of our hands do you direct.

Psalms Chapter 90 / Psalm 90 (91 G)

Qui habitat.

The just is secure under the protection of God.

90:1. The praise of a canticle for David. He that dwelleth in the aid of the most High, shall abide under the protection of the God of Jacob.
90:2. He shall say to the Lord: You are my protector, and my refuge: my God, in him will I trust.
90:3. For he has delivered me from the snare of the hunters: and from the sharp word.
90:4. He will overshadow you with his shoulders: and under his wings you shall trust.
90:5. His truth shall compass you with a shield: you shall not be afraid of the terror of the night.
90:6. Of the arrow that flieth in the day, of the business that walketh about in the dark: of invasion, or of the noonday devil.
90:7. A thousand shall fall at your side, and ten thousand at your right hand: but it shall not come nigh you.
90:8. But you shall consider with your eyes: and shall see the reward of the wicked.
90:9. Because you, O Lord, are my hope: you have made the most High your refuge.
90:10. There shall no evil come to you: nor shall the scourge come near your dwelling.
90:11. For he has given his angels charge over you; to keep you in all your ways.
90:12. In their hands they shall bear you up: lest you dash your foot against a stone.
90:13. You shall walk upon the asp and the basilisk: and you shall trample under foot the lion and the dragon.
90:14. Because he hoped in me I will deliver him: I will protect him because he has known my name.
90:15. He shall cry to me, and I will hear him: I am with him in tribulation, I will deliver him, and I will glorify him.
90:16. I will fill him with length of days; and I will show him my salvation.

Psalms Chapter 91 / Psalm 91 (92 G)

Bonum est confiteri.

God is to be praised for his wondrous works.

91:1. A psalm of a canticle on the sabbath day.
91:2. It is good to give praise to the Lord: and to sing to Your name, O most High.
91:3. To show forth Your mercy in the morning, and your truth in the night:
91:4. Upon an instrument of ten strings, upon the psaltery: with a canticle upon the harp.
91:5. For you have given me, O Lord, a delight in your doings: and in the works of your hands I shall rejoice.
91:6. O Lord, how great are your works! your thoughts are exceeding deep.
91:7. The senseless man shall not know: nor will the fool understand these things.
91:8. When the wicked shall spring up as grass: and all the workers of iniquity shall appear: That they may perish forever and ever:
91:9. But you, O Lord, are most high forevermore.
91:10. For behold Your enemies, O lord, for behold your enemies shall perish: and all the workers of iniquity shall be scattered.
91:11. But my horn shall be exalted like that of the unicorn: and my old age in plentiful mercy.
91:12. My eye also has looked down upon my enemies: and my ear shall hear of the downfall of the malignant that rise up against me.
91:13. The just shall flourish like the palm tree: he shall grow up like the cedar of Lebanon.
91:14. They that are planted in the house of the Lord shall flourish in the courts of the house of our God.
91:15. They shall still increase in a fruitful old age: and shall be well treated,
91:16. That they may show, That the Lord our God is righteous, and there is no iniquity in him.

Psalms Chapter 92 / Psalm 92 (93 G)

Dominus regnavit.

The glory and stability of the kingdom; that is, of the church of Christ. Praise in the way of a canticle, for David himself, on the day before the sabbath, when the earth was founded.

92:1. The Lord has reigned, He is clothed with beauty: the Lord is clothed with strength, and has girded Himself. For He has established the world which shall not be moved.
92:2. My throne is prepared from of old: you are from everlasting.
92:3. The floods have lifted up, O Lord: the floods have lifted up their voice. The floods have lifted up their waves,
92:4. With the noise of many waters. Wonderful are the surges of the sea: wonderful is the Lord on high.
92:5. Your testimonies are exceedingly credible: holiness becomes your house, O Lord, unto length of days.

Psalms Chapter 93 / Psalm 93 (94 G)

Deus ultionum.

God shall judge and punish the oppressors of his people. A psalm for David himself on the fourth day of the week.

93:1. The Lord is the God to whom revenge belongeth: the God of revenge has acted freely.
93:2. Lift up thyself, you that judgest the earth: render a reward to the proud.
93:3. How long shall sinners, O Lord: how long shall sinners glory?
93:4. Shall they utter, and speak iniquity: shall all speak who work injustice?
93:5. Your people, O Lord, they have brought low: and they have afflicted your inheritance.
93:6. They have slain the widow and the stranger: and they have murdered the fatherless.
93:7. And they have said: The Lord shall not see: neither shall the God of Jacob understand.
93:8. Understand, ye senseless among the people: and, you fools, be wise at last.
93:9. He that planted the ear, shall he not hear? or he that formed the eye, doth he not consider?
93:10. He that chastiseth nations, shall he not rebuke: he that teacheth man knowledge?
93:11. The Lord knoweth the thoughts of men, that they are vain.
93:12. Blessed is the man whom you shall instruct, O Lord: and shall teach him out of your law.
93:13. That you mayst give him rest from the evil days: till a pit be dug for the wicked.

Rest from the evil days. . .That you mayst mitigate the sorrows, to which he is exposed, during the short and evil days of his mortality.

93:14. For the Lord will not cast off his people: neither will he forsake his own inheritance.
93:15. Until justice be turned into judgment: and they that are near it are all the upright in heart.

Until justice be turned into judgment, etc. . .By being put in execution; which will be agreeable to all the upright in heart.

93:16. Who shall rise up for me against the evildoers? or who shall stand with me against the workers of iniquity?
93:17. Unless the Lord had been my helper, my soul had almost dwelt in hell.
93:18. If I said: My foot is moved: your mercy, O Lord, assisted me.
93:19. According to the multitude of my sorrows in my heart, your comforts have given joy to my soul.
93:20. Doth the seat of iniquity stick to you, who framest labor in commandment?

Doth the seat of iniquity stick to you, etc. . .That is, will you, O God, who are always just, admit of the seat of iniquity: that is, of injustice, or unjust judges, to have any partnership with you? You who framest, or makest, labor in commandment, that is, you who obligest us to labor with all diligence to keep your commandments.

93:21. They will hunt after the soul of the just, and will condemn innocent blood.
93:22. But the Lord is my refuge: and my God the help of my hope.
93:23. And he will render them their iniquity : and in their malice he will destroy them: the Lord our God will destroy them.

Psalms Chapter 94 / Psalm 94 (95 G)

Venite exultemus.

An invitation to adore and serve God, and to hear his voice. Praise of a canticle for David himself.

94:1. Come let us praise the Lord with joy: let us joyfully sing to God our savior.
94:2. Let us come before his presence with thanksgiving; and make a joyful noise to him with psalms.
94:3. For the Lord is a great God, and a great King above all gods.
94:4. For in his hand are all the ends of the earth: and the heights of the mountains are his.
94:5. For the sea is his, and he made it: and his hands formed the dry land.
94:6. Come let us adore and fall down: and weep before the Lord that made us.
94:7. For he is the Lord our God: and we are the people of his pasture and the sheep of his hand.
94:8. Today if you shall hear his voice, harden not your hearts:
94:9. As in the provocation, according to the day of temptation in the wilderness: where your fathers tempted me, they proved me, and saw my works.
94:10. Forty years long was I offended with that generation, and I said: These always err in heart.
94:11. And these men have not known my ways: so I swore in my wrath that they shall not enter into my rest.

Psalms Chapter 95 / Psalm 95 (96 G)

Cantate Domino.

An exhortation to praise God for the coming of Christ and his kingdom.

95:1. A canticle for David himself, when the house was built after the captivity. Sing ye to the Lord a new canticle: sing to the Lord, all the earth.

When the house was built, etc. . .Alluding to that time, and then ordered to be sung: but principally relating to the building of the church of Christ, after our redemption from the captivity of Satan.

95:2. Sing ye to the Lord and bless his name: show forth his salvation from day to day.
95:3. Declare his glory among the Gentiles: his wonders among all people.
95:4. For the Lord is great, and exceedingly to be praised: he is to be feared above all gods.
95:5. For all the gods of the Gentiles are devils: but the Lord made the heavens.
95:6. Praise and beauty are before him: holiness and majesty in his sanctuary.
95:7. Bring ye to the Lord, O ye kindreds of the Gentiles, bring ye to the Lord glory and honor:
95:8. Bring to the Lord glory unto his name. Bring up sacrifices, and come into his courts:
95:9. Adore ye the Lord in his holy court. Let all the earth be moved at his presence.
95:10. Say ye among the Gentiles, the Lord has reigned. For he has corrected the world, which shall not be moved: he will judge the people with justice.
95:11. Let the heavens rejoice, and let the earth be glad, let the sea be moved, and the fullness thereof:
95:12. The fields and all things that are in them shall be joyful. Then shall all the trees of the woods rejoice
95:13. before the face of the Lord, because he cometh: because he cometh to judge the earth. He shall judge the world with justice, and the people with his truth.

Psalms Chapter 96 / Psalm 96 (97 G)

Dominus regnavit.

All are invited to rejoice at the glorious coming and reign of Christ.

96:1. For the same David, when his land was restored again to him. The Lord has reigned, let the earth rejoice: let many islands be glad.
96:2. Clouds and darkness are round about him: justice and judgment are the establishment of his throne.

Clouds and darkness. . .The coming of Christ in the clouds with great terror and majesty to judge the world, is here prophesied.

96:3. A fire shall go before him, and shall burn his enemies round about.
96:4. His lightnings have shone forth to the world: the earth saw and trembled.
96:5. The mountains melted like wax, at the presence of the Lord: at the presence of the Lord of all the earth.
96:6. The heavens declared his justice: and all people saw his glory.
96:7. Let them be all confounded that adore graven things, and that glory in their idols. Adore him, all you his angels:
96:8. Zion heard, and was glad. And the daughters of Juda rejoiced, because of your judgments, O Lord.
96:9. For you are the most high Lord over all the earth: you are exalted exceedingly above all gods.
96:10. You that love the Lord, hate evil: the Lord preserveth the souls of his saints, he will deliver them out of the hand of the sinner.
96:11. Light is risen to the just, and joy to the right of heart.
96:12. Rejoice, ye just, in the Lord: and give praise to the remembrance of his holiness.

Psalms Chapter 97 / Psalm 97 (98 G)

Cantate Domino.

All are again invited to praise the Lord, for the victories of Christ.

97:1. A psalm for David himself. Sing ye to the Lord a new canticle: because he has done wonderful things. His right hand has wrought for him salvation, and his arm is holy.
97:2. The Lord has made known his salvation: he has revealed his justice in the sight of the Gentiles.
97:3. He has remembered his mercy and his truth toward the house of Israel. All the ends of the earth have seen the salvation of our God.
97:4. Sing joyfully to God, all the earth; make melody, rejoice and sing.
97:5. Sing praise to the Lord on the harp, on the harp, and with the voice of a psalm:
97:6. With long trumpets, and sound of cornet. Make a joyful noise before the Lord our king:
97:7. Let the sea be moved and the fullness thereof: the world and they that dwell therein.
97:8. The rivers shall clap their hands, the mountains shall rejoice together
97:9. At the presence of the Lord: because he cometh to judge the earth. He shall judge the world with justice, and the people with equity.

Psalms Chapter 98 / Psalm 98 (99 G)

Dominus regnavit.

The reign of the Lord in Zion: that is, of Christ in his church.

98:1. A psalm for David himself. The Lord has reigned, let the people be angry: he that sitteth on the cherubims: let the earth be moved.

Let the people be angry. . .Though many enemies rage, and the whole earth be stirred up to oppose the reign of Christ, he shall still prevail.

98:2. The lord is great in Zion, and high above all people.
98:3. Let them give praise to your great name: for it is terrible and holy:
98:4. And the king's honor loveth judgment. You have prepared directions: you have done judgment and justice in Jacob.

Loveth judgment. . .Requireth discretion.--Ibid. Directions. . .Most right and just laws to direct men.

98:5. Exalt ye the Lord our God, and adore his footstool, for it is holy.

Adore his footstool. . .The ark of the covenant was called, in the Old Testament, God's footstool: over which he was understood to sit, on his propitiatory, or mercy seat, as on a throne, between the wings of the cherubims, in the sanctuary: to which the children of Israel paid a great veneration. But as this psalm evidently relates to Christ, and the New Testament, where the ark has no place, the holy fathers understand this text, of the worship paid by the church to the body and blood of Christ in the sacred mysteries: inasmuch as the humanity of Christ is, as it were, the footstool of the divinity. So St. Ambrose, L. 3. De Spiritu Sancto, c. 12. And St. Augustine upon this psalm.

98:6. Moses and Aaron among his priests: and Samuel among them that call upon his name. They called upon the Lord, and he heard them:

Moses and Aaron among his priests. . .By this it is evident, that Moses also was a priest, and indeed the chief priest, inasmuch as he consecrated Aaron, and offered sacrifice for him. Lev. 8. So that his pre-eminence over Aaron makes nothing for lay church headship.

98:7. He spoke to them in the pillar of the cloud. They kept his testimonies, and the commandment which he gave them.
98:8. You didst hear them, O Lord our God: you wast a merciful God to them, and taking vengeance on all their inventions.

All their inventions. . .that is, all the enterprises of their enemies against them, as in the case of Core, Dathan, and Abiron.

98:9. Exalt ye the Lord our God, and adore at his holy mountain: for the Lord our God is holy.

Psalms Chapter 99 / Psalm 100 (101 G)

Jubilate Deo.

All are invited to rejoice in God the creator of all.

99:1. A psalm of praise.
99:2. Sing joyfully to God, all the earth: serve ye the Lord with gladness. Come in before his presence with exceeding great joy.
99:3. Know ye that the Lord he is God: he made us, and not we ourselves. We are his people and the sheep of his pasture.
99:4. Go ye into his gates with praise, into his courts with hymns: and give glory to him. Praise ye his name:
99:5. For the Lord is sweet, his mercy endureth forever, and his truth to generation and generation.

Psalms Chapter 100 / Psalm 100 (101 G)

Misericordiam et judicium.

The prophet exhorteth all by his example, to follow mercy and justice.

100:1. A psalm for David himself. Mercy and judgment I will sing to you, O Lord: I will sing,
100:2. And I will understand in the unspotted way, when you shall come to me. I walked in the innocence of my heart, in the midst of my house.

I will understand, etc. . .That is, I will apply my mind, I will do my endeavour, to know and to follow the perfect way of your commandments: not trusting to my own strength, but relying on your coming to me by your grace.

100:3. I will not set before my eyes any unjust thing: I hated the workers of iniquities.
100:4. The perverse heart did not cleave to me: and the malignant, that turned aside from me, I would not know.
100:5. The man that in private detracted his neighbor, him did I persecute. With him that had a proud eye, and an unsatiable heart, I would not eat.
100:6. My eyes were upon the faithful of the earth, to sit with me: the man that walked in the perfect way, he served me.
100:7. He that worketh pride shall not dwell in the midst of my house: he that speaketh unjust things did not prosper before my eyes.
100:8. In the morning I put to death all the wicked of the land: that I might cut off all the workers of iniquity from the city of the Lord.

Psalms Chapter 101 / Psalm 101 (102 G)

Domine, exaudi.

A prayer for one in affliction: the fifth penitential psalm.

101:1. The prayer of the poor man, when he was anxious, and poured out his supplication before the Lord.
101:2. Hear, O Lord, my prayer: and let my cry come to You.
101:3. Do not turn away Your face from me: in the day when I am in trouble, incline Your ear to me. In what day soever I shall call upon You, hear me speedily.
101:4. For my days are vanished like smoke, and my bones are grown dry like fuel for the fire.
101:5. I am smitten as grass, and my heart is withered: because I forgot to eat my bread.
101:6. Through the voice of my groaning, my bone has cleaved to my flesh.
101:7. I have become like to a pelican of the wilderness: I am like a night raven in the house.

A pelican, etc. . .I am become through grief, like birds that affect solitude and darkness.

101:8. I have watched, and have become as a sparrow all alone on the housetop.
101:9. All the day long my enemies reproached me: and those who praised me swore against me.
101:10. For I ate ashes like bread, and mingled my drink with weeping.
101:11. Because of Your anger and indignation: for having lifted me up You have thrown me down.
101:12. My days have declined like a shadow, and I am withered like grass.
101:13. But You, O Lord, endure forever: and Your memorial to all generations.
101:14. You shall arise and have mercy on Zion: for it is time to have mercy on it, for the time has come.
101:15. For the stones thereof have pleased Your servants: and they shall have pity on the earth thereof.
101:16. All the Gentiles shall fear Your name, O Lord, and all the kings of the earth Your glory.
101:17. For the Lord has built up Zion: and He shall be seen in His glory.
101:18. He has had regard to the prayer of the humble: and He has not despised their petition.
101:19. Let these things be written unto another generation: and the people that shall be created shall praise the Lord:
101:20. Because He has looked forth from His high sanctuary: from heaven the Lord has looked upon the earth.
101:21. That He might hear the groans of those who are in fetters: that He might release the children of the slain:
101:22. That they may declare the name of the Lord in Zion: and His praise in Jerusalem;
101:23. When the people assemble together, and kings, to serve the Lord.
101:24. He answered him in the way of his strength: Declare unto me the fewness of my days.

He answered him in the way of his strength. . .That is, the people, mentioned in the foregoing verse, or the penitent, in whose person this psalm is delivered, answered the Lord in the way of his strength: that is, according to the best of his power and strength: or when he was in the flower of his age and strength: inquiring after the fewness of his days: to know if he should live long enough to see the happy restoration of Zion, etc.

101:25. Do not call me away in the midst of my days: Your years are unto generation and generation.
101:26. In the beginning, O Lord, You founded the earth: and the heavens are the works of Your hands.
101:27. They shall perish but You remain: and all of them shall grow old like a garment: And as a vesture You shall change them, and they shall be changed.
101:28. But You are always the selfsame, and Your years shall not fail.
101:29. The children of Your servants shall continue and their seed shall be directed forever.

Psalms Chapter 102 / Psalm 102 (103 G)

Benedic, anima.

Thanksgiving to God for his mercies.

102:1. For David himself. Bless the Lord, O my soul: and let all that is within me bless His holy name.
102:2. Bless the Lord, O my soul, and never forget all He has done for you.
102:3. Who forgives all your iniquities: who heals all your diseases.
102:4. Who redeems your life from destruction: who crowns you with mercy and compassion.
102:5. Who satisfies your desire with good things: your youth shall be renewed like the eagle's.
102:6. The Lord does mercies, and judgment for all that suffer wrong.
102:7. He has made His ways known to Moses: His wills to the children of Israel.
102:8. The Lord is compassionate and merciful: longsuffering and plenteous in mercy.
102:9. He will not always be angry: nor will He threaten forever.
102:10. He has not dealt with us according to our sins: nor rewarded us according to our iniquities.
102:11. For according to the height of the heaven above the earth: He has strengthened His mercy towards those who fear Him.
102:12. As far as the east is from the west, so far has He removed our iniquities from us.
102:13. As a father has compassion on His children, so has the Lord compassion on those who fear Him:
102:14. For He knows our frame. He remembers that we are dust:
102:15. Man's days are as grass, as the flower of the field so shall he flourish.
102:16. For the spirit shall pass in him, and he shall not be: and he shall know his place no more.
102:17. But the mercy of the Lord is from eternity and unto eternity upon those who fear Him: And His justice unto children's children,
102:18. To such as keep His covenant, and are mindful of His commandments to do them.
102:19. The Lord has prepared His throne in heaven: and His kingdom shall rule over all.
102:20. Bless the Lord, all you His angels: you that are mighty in strength, and execute His word, hearkening to the voice of His orders.
102:21. Bless the Lord, all you His hosts: you ministers of His that do His will.
102:22. Bless the Lord, all His works: in every place of His dominion, O my soul, bless the Lord.

Psalms Chapter 103 / Psalm 103 (104 G)

Benedic, anima.

God is to be praised for his mighty works, and wonderful providence.

103:1. For David himself. Bless the Lord, O my soul: O Lord my God, you are exceedingly great. You have put on praise and beauty:
103:2. And are clothed with light as with a garment. Who stretchest out the heaven like a pavilion:
103:3. Who coverest the higher rooms thereof with water. Who makest the clouds your chariot: who walkest upon the wings of the winds.
103:4. Who makest your angels spirits: and your ministers a burning fire.
103:5. Who have founded the earth upon its own bases: it shall not be moved forever and ever.
103:6. The deep like a garment is its clothing: above the mountains shall the waters stand.
103:7. At your rebuke they shall flee: at the voice of your thunder they shall fear.
103:8. The mountains ascend, and the plains descend into the place which you have founded for them.
103:9. You have set a bound which they shall not pass over; neither shall they return to cover the earth.
103:10. You sendest forth springs in the vales: between the midst of the hills the waters shall pass.
103:11. All the beasts of the field shall drink: the wild asses shall expect in their thirst.
103:12. Over them the birds of the air shall dwell: from the midst of the rocks they shall give forth their voices.
103:13. You waterest the hills from your upper rooms: the earth shall be filled with the fruit of your works:
103:14. Bringing forth grass for cattle, and herb for the service of men. That you mayst bring bread out of the earth:
103:15. And that wine may cheer the heart of man. That he may make the face cheerful with oil: and that bread may strengthen man's heart.
103:16. The trees of the field shall be filled, and the cedars of Lebanon which he has planted:
103:17. There the sparrows shall make their nests. The highest of them is the house of the heron.
103:18. The high hills are a refuge for the harts, the rock for the irchins.
103:19. He has made the moon for seasons: the sun knoweth his going down.
103:20. You have appointed darkness, and it is night: in it shall all the beasts of the woods go about:
103:21. The young lions roaring after their prey, and seeking their meat from God.
103:22. The sun ariseth, and they are gathered together: and they shall lie down in their dens.
103:23. Man shall go forth to his work, and to his labor until the evening.
103:24. How great are your works, O Lord ? you have made all things in wisdom: the earth is filled with your riches.
103:25. So is this great sea, which stretcheth wide its arms: there are creeping things without number: Creatures little and great.
103:26. There the ships shall go. This sea dragon which you have formed to play therein.
103:27. All expect of you that you give them food in season.
103:28. What you givest to them they shall gather up: when you openest your hand, they shall all be filled with good.
103:29. But if you turnest away your face, they shall be troubled: you shall take away their breath, and they shall fail, and shall return to their dust.
103:30. You shall send forth your spirit, and they shall be created: and you shall renew the face of the earth.
103:31. May the glory of the Lord endure forever: the Lord shall rejoice in his works.
103:32. He looketh upon the earth, and maketh it tremble: he troubleth the mountains, and they smoke.
103:33. I will sing to the Lord as long as I live: I will sing praise to my God while I have my being.
103:34. Let my speech be acceptable to him: but I will take delight in the Lord.
103:35. Let sinners be consumed out of the earth, and the unjust, so that they be no more: O my soul, bless you the Lord.

Psalms Chapter 104 / Psalm 104 (105 G)

Confitemini Domino.

A thanksgiving to God for his benefits to his people Israel.

Alleluia.

104:1. Give glory to the Lord, and call upon His name: declare His deeds among the Gentiles.
104:2. Sing to Him, yea sing praises to Him: relate all His wondrous works.
104:3. Glory ye in His holy name: let the heart of them rejoice that seek the Lord.
104:4. Seek ye the Lord, and be strengthened: seek His face evermore.
104:5. Remember His marvellous works which He has done; His wonders, and the judgments of His mouth.
104:6. O ye seed of Abraham his servant; ye sons of Jacob his chosen.
104:7. He is the Lord our God: His judgments are in all the earth.
104:8. He has remembered His covenant forever: the word which He commanded to a thousand generations.
104:9. Which He made to Abraham; and His oath to Isaac:
104:10. He appointed the same to Jacob for a law, and to Israel for an everlasting testament:
104:11. Saying: To you will I give the land of Canaan, the lot of your inheritance.
104:12. When they were but a small number: yea very few, and sojourners therein:
104:13. They passed from nation to nation, and from one kingdom to another people.
104:14. He suffered no man to hurt them: and He reproved kings for their sakes.
104:15. Touch ye not my anointed: and do no evil to my prophets.
104:16. He called a famine upon the land: and He broke in pieces all the support of bread.
104:17. He sent a man before them: Joseph, who was sold for a slave.
104:18. They humbled his feet in fetters: the iron pierced his soul,
104:19. until his word came. The word of the Lord inflamed him.
104:20. The king sent, and he released him: the ruler of the people, and he set him at liberty.
104:21. He made him master of his house, and ruler of all his possession.
104:22. That he might instruct his princes as himself, and teach his ancients wisdom.
104:23. Israel went into Egypt: and Jacob was a sojourner in the land of Cham.
104:24. He increased his people exceedingly: and strengthened them over their enemies.
104:25. He turned their heart to hate his people: and to deal deceitfully with his servants.

He turned their heart, etc. . .Not that God (who is never the author of sin) moved the Egyptians to hate and persecute his people; but that the Egyptians took occasion of hating and envying them, from the sight of the benefits which God bestowed upon them.

104:26. He sent Moses his servant: Aaron the man whom he had chosen.
104:27. He gave them power to show them signs, and His wonders in the land of Cham.
104:28. He sent darkness, and made it obscure: and grieved not His words.

Grieved not his words. . .That is, He was not wanting to fulfil his words: or He did not grieve Moses and Aaron, the carriers of His words: or He did not grieve His words, that is, His sons, the children of Israel, who enjoyed light while the Egyptians were oppressed with darkness.

104:29. He turned their waters into blood, and destroyed their fish.
104:30. Their land brought forth frogs, in the inner chambers of their kings.
104:31. He spoke, and there came diverse sorts of flies and sciniphs in all their coasts.

Sciniphs. . .See the annotation, Exodus 8:16.

They asked, and the quail came: and He filled them with the bread of Heaven.
Psalms 104:40 (105:40)
104:32. He gave them hail for rain, a burning fire in the land.
104:33. He destroyed their vineyards and their fig trees: and He broke in pieces the trees of their coasts.
104:34. He spoke, and the locust came, and the bruchus, of which there was no number.

Bruchus. . .An insect of the locust kind.

104:35. They devoured all the grass in their land, and consumed all the fruit of their ground.
104:36. He slew all the firstborn in their land: the first fruits of all their labor.
104:37. He brought them out with silver and gold: and there was not among their tribes one that was feeble.
104:38. Egypt was glad when they departed: for the fear of them lay upon them.
104:39. He spread a cloud for their protection, and fire to give them light in the night.
104:40. They asked, and the quail came: and He filled them with the bread of Heaven.
104:41. He opened the rock, and waters flowed: rivers ran down in the dry land.
104:42. Because he remembered His holy word, which He had spoken to his servant Abraham.
104:43. He brought forth His people with joy, and his chosen with gladness.
104:44. He gave them the lands of the Gentiles: and they possessed the labors of the people:
104:45. That they might observe His justifications, and seek after his law.

His justifications. . .That is, His commandments; which here, and in many other places of the scripture, are called justifications, because the keeping of them makes man just. The Protestants render it by the word statutes, in favor of their doctrine, which does not allow good works to justify.

Psalms Chapter 105 / Psalm 105 (106 G)

Confitemini Domino.

A confession of the manifold sins and ingratitudes of the Israelites.

Alleluia.

105:1. Give glory to the Lord, for he is good: for his mercy endureth forever.
105:2. Who shall declare the powers of the Lord? who shall set forth all his praises?
105:3. Blessed are they that keep judgment, and do justice at all times.
105:4. Remember us, O Lord, in the favor of your people: visit us with your salvation.
105:5. That we may see the good of your chosen, that we may rejoice in the joy of your nation: that you mayst be praised with your inheritance.
105:6. We have sinned with our fathers: we have acted unjustly, we have wrought iniquity.
105:7. Our fathers understood not your wonders in Egypt: they remembered not the multitude of your mercies: And they provoked to wrath going up to the sea, even the Red Sea.
105:8. And he saved them for his own name's sake: that he might make his power known.
105:9. And he rebuked the Red Sea and it was dried up: and he led them through the depths, as in a wilderness.
105:10. And he saved them from the hand of them that hated them: and he redeemed them from the hand of the enemy.
105:11. And the water covered them that afflicted them: there was not one of them left.
105:12. And they believed his words: and they sang his praises.
105:13. They had quickly done, they forgot his works: and they waited not for his counsel.
105:14. And they coveted their desire in the desert: and they tempted God in the place without water.
105:15. And he gave them their request: and sent fullness into their souls.
105:16. And they provoked Moses in the camp, Aaron the holy one of the Lord.
105:17. The earth opened and swallowed up Dathan: and covered the congregation of Abiron.
105:18. And a fire was kindled in their congregation: the flame burned the wicked.
105:19. They made also a calf in Horeb: and they adored the graven thing.
105:20. And they changed their glory into the likeness of a calf that eateth grass.
105:21. They forgot God, who saved them, who had done great things in Egypt,
105:22. Wondrous works in the land of Cham: terrible things in the Red Sea.
105:23. And he said that he would destroy them: had not Moses his chosen stood before him in the breach: To turn away his wrath, lest he should destroy them.
105:24. And they set at nought the desirable land. They believed not his word,
105:25. And they murmured in their tents: they hearkened not to the voice of the Lord.
105:26. And he lifted up his hand over them: to overthrow them in the desert;
105:27. And to cast down their seed among the nations, and to scatter them in the countries.
105:28. They also were initiated to Beelphegor: and ate the sacrifices of the dead.

Initiated. . .That is, they dedicated, or consecrated themselves to the idol of the Moabites and Madianites, called Beelphegor, or Baal-Peor. Num. 25.3.--Ibid. The dead. . .Viz., idols without life.

105:29. And they provoked him with their inventions: and destruction was multiplied among them.
105:30. Then Phinees stood up, and pacified him: and the slaughter ceased.
105:31. And it was reputed to him unto justice, to generation and generation forevermore.
105:32. They provoked him also at the waters of contradiction: and Moses was afflicted for their sakes:
105:33. Because they exasperated his spirit. And he distinguished with his lips.

He distinguished with his lips. . .Moses, by occasion of the people's rebellion and incredulity, was guilty of distinguishing with his lips; when, instead of speaking to the rock, as God had commanded, he said to the people, with a certain hesitation in his faith, Hear ye, rebellious and incredulous: Can we from this rock bring out water for you? Num. 20.10.

105:34. They did not destroy the nations of which the Lord spoke unto them.
105:35. And they were mingled among the heathens, and learned their works:
105:36. And served their idols, and it became a stumblingblock to them.
105:37. And they sacrificed their sons, and their daughters to devils.
105:38. And they shed innocent blood: the blood of their sons and of their daughters which they sacrificed to the idols of Chanaan. And the land was polluted with blood,
105:39. And was defiled with their works: and they went aside after their own inventions.
105:40. And the Lord was exceedingly angry with his people: and he abhorred his inheritance.
105:41. And he delivered them into the hands of the nations: and they that hated them had dominion over them.
105:42. And their enemies afflicted them: and they were humbled under their hands:
105:43. Many times did he deliver them. But they provoked him with their counsel: and they were brought low by their iniquities.
105:44. And he saw when they were in tribulation: and he heard their prayer.
105:45. And he was mindful of his covenant: and repented according to the multitude of his mercies.
105:46. And he gave them unto mercies, in the sight of all those that had made them captives.
105:47. Save us, O Lord, our God: and gather us from among the nations: That we may give thanks to your holy name, and may glory in your praise.
105:48. Blessed be the Lord the God of Israel, from everlasting to everlasting: and let all the people say: So be it, so be it.

Psalms Chapter 106 / Psalm 106 (107 G)

Confitemini Domino.

All are invited to give thanks to God for his perpetual providence over men.

Alleluia.

106:1. Give glory to the Lord, for He is good: for His mercy endures forever.
106:2. Let them say so that have been redeemed by the Lord, whom He has redeemed from the hand of the enemy: and gathered out of the nations.
106:3. From the rising and from the setting of the sun, from the north and from the sea.
106:4. They wandered in a wilderness, in a place without water: they did not find the way of a city for their habitation.
106:5. They were hungry and thirsty: their soul fainted in them.
106:6. And they cried to the Lord in their tribulation: and He delivered them out of their distresses.
106:7. And He led them into the right way, that they might go to a city of habitation.
106:8. Let the mercies of the Lord give glory to Him: and His wonderful works to the children of men.
106:9. For He has satisfied the empty soul, and has filled the hungry soul with good things.
106:10. Such as sat in darkness and in the shadow of death: bound in want and in iron.
106:11. Because they had exasperated the words of God: and provoked the counsel of the most High:
106:12. And their heart was humbled with labors: they were weakened, and there was none to help them.
106:13. Then they cried to the Lord in their affliction: and He delivered them out of their distresses.
106:14. And He brought them out of darkness, and the shadow of death; and broke their bonds asunder.
106:15. Let the mercies of the Lord give glory to Him, and His wonderful works to the children of men.
106:16. Because He has broken gates of brass, and burst iron bars.
106:17. He took them out of the way of their iniquity: for they were brought low for their injustices.
106:18. Their soul abhorred all manner of meat: and they drew near even to the gates of death.
106:19. And they cried to the Lord in their affliction: and He delivered them out of their distresses.
106:20. He sent His word, and healed them: and delivered them from their destructions.
106:21. Let the mercies of the Lord give glory to Him: and His wonderful works to the children of men.
106:22. And let them sacrifice the sacrifice of praise: and declare His works with joy.
106:23. They that go down to the sea in ships, doing business in the great waters:
106:24. These have seen the works of the Lord, and His wonders in the deep.
106:25. He said the word, and there arose a storm of wind: and the waves thereof were lifted up.
106:26. They mount up to the heavens, and they go down to the depths: their soul pined away with evils.
106:27. They were troubled, and reeled like a drunken man; and all their wisdom was swallowed up.
106:28. And they cried to the Lord in their affliction: and He brought them out of their distresses.
106:29. And He turned the storm into a breeze: and its waves were still.
106:30. And they rejoiced because they were still: and He brought them to the haven which they wished for.
106:31. Let the mercies of the Lord give glory to Him, and His wonderful works to the children of men.
106:32. And let them exalt Him in the church of the people: and praise Him in the chair of the ancients.
106:33. He has turned rivers into a wilderness: and the sources of waters into dry ground:
106:34. A fruitful land into barrenness, for the wickedness of them that dwell therein.
106:35. He has turned a wilderness into pools of waters, and a dry land into water springs.
106:36. And has placed there the hungry; and they made a city for their habitation.
106:37. And they sowed fields, and planted vineyards: and they yielded fruit of birth.
106:38. And He blessed them, and they were multiplied exceedingly: and their cattle He did not suffer to decrease.
106:39. Then they were brought to be few: and they were afflicted through the trouble of evils and sorrow.
106:40. Contempt was poured forth upon their princes: and He caused them to wander where there was no passing, and out of the way.
106:41. And He helped the poor out of poverty: and made him families like a flock of sheep.
106:42. The just shall see, and shall rejoice, and all iniquity shall stop her mouth.
106:43. Who is wise, and will keep these things; and will understand the mercies of the Lord?

Psalms Chapter 107 / Psalm 107 (108 G)

Paratum cor meum.

The prophet praiseth God for benefits received.

107:1. A canticle of a psalm for David himself.
107:2. My heart is ready, O God, my heart is ready: I will sing, and will give praise, with my glory.
107:3. Arise, my glory; arise, psaltery and harp: I will arise in the morning early.
107:4. I will praise you, O Lord, among the people: and I will sing unto you among the nations.
107:5. For your mercy is great above the heavens: and your truth even unto the clouds.
107:6. Be you exalted, O God, above the heavens, and your glory over all the earth:
107:7. That your beloved may be delivered. Save with your right hand and hear me.
107:8. God has spoken in his holiness. I will rejoice, and I will divide Sichem and I will mete out the vale of tabernacles.
107:9. Galaad is mine: and Manasses is mine and Ephraim the protection of my head. Juda is my king:
107:10. Moab the pot of my hope. Over Edom I will stretch out my shoe: the aliens are become my friends.
107:11. Who will bring me into the strong city? who will lead me into Edom?
107:12. Wilt not you, O God, who have cast us off ? and will not you, O God, go forth with our armies?
107:13. O grant us help from trouble: for vain is the help of man.
107:14. Through God we shall do mightily: and he will bring our enemies to nothing.

Psalms Chapter 108 / Psalm 108 (109 G)

Deus, laudem meam.

David in the person of Christ, prayeth against his persecutors; more especially the traitor Judas: foretelling and approving his just punishment for his obstinacy in sin and final impenitence.

108:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David.
108:2. O God, be not you silent in my praise: for the mouth of the wicked and the mouth of the deceitful man is opened against me.
108:3. They have spoken against me with deceitful tongues; and they have compassed me about with words of hatred; and have fought against me without cause.
108:4. Instead of making me a return of love, they detracted me: but I gave myself to prayer.
108:5. And they repaid me evil for good: and hatred for my love.
108:6. Set you the sinner over him: and may the devil stand at his right hand.

Set you the sinner over him, etc. . .Give to the devil, that arch-sinner, power over him: let him enter into him, and possess him. The imprecations, contained in the thirty verses of this psalm, are opposed to the thirty pieces of silver for which Judas betrayed our Lord; and are to be taken as prophetic denunciations of the evils that should befall the traitor and his accomplices the Jews; and not properly as curses.

108:7. When he is judged, may he go out condemned; and may his prayer be turned to sin.
108:8. May his days be few: and his bishopric let another take.
108:9. May his children be fatherless, and his wife a widow.
108:10. Let his children be carried about vagabonds, and beg; and let them be cast out of their dwellings.
108:11. May the usurer search all his substance: and let strangers plunder his labors.
108:12. May there be none to help him: nor none to pity his fatherless offspring.
108:13. May his posterity be cut off; in one generation may his name be blotted out.
108:14. May the iniquity of his fathers be remembered in the sight of the Lord: and let not the sin of his mother be blotted out.
108:15. May they be before the Lord continually, and let the memory of them perish from the earth:
108:16. because he remembered not to show mercy,
108:17. But persecuted the poor man and the beggar; and the broken in heart, to put him to death.
108:18. And he loved cursing, and it shall come unto him: and he would not have blessing, and it shall be far from him. And he put on cursing, like a garment: and it went in like water into his entrails, and like oil in his bones.
108:19. May it be unto him like a garment which covereth him; and like a girdle with which he is girded continually.
108:20. This is the work of them who detract me before the Lord; and who speak evils against my soul.
108:21. But you, O Lord, do with me for your name's sake: because your mercy is sweet. Do you deliver me,
108:22. For I am poor and needy, and my heart is troubled within me.
108:23. I am taken away like the shadow when it declineth: and I am shaken off as locusts.
108:24. My knees are weakened through fasting: and my flesh is changed for oil.

For oil. . .Propter oleum. The meaning is, my flesh is changed, being perfectly emaciated and dried up, as having lost all its oil or fatness.

108:25. And I am become a reproach to them: they saw me and they shaked their heads.
108:26. Help me, O Lord my God; save me; according to your mercy.
108:27. And let them know that this is your hand: and that you, O Lord, have done it.
108:28. They will curse and you will bless: let them that rise up against me be confounded: but your servant shall rejoice.
108:29. Let them that detract me be clothed with shame: and let them be covered with their confusion as with a double cloak.
108:30. I will give great thanks to the Lord with my mouth: and in the midst of many I will praise him.
108:31. Because he has stood at the right hand of the poor, to save my soul from persecutors.

Psalms Chapter 109 / Psalm 109 (110 G)

You are a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek.
Psalm 109:4 (110:4)

Dixit Dominus.

Christ's exaltation and everlasting priesthood.

109:1. A psalm for David. The Lord said to my Lord: "Sit at My right hand, until I make Your enemies Your footstool."
109:2. The Lord will send forth the scepter of Your power out of Zion. Rule in the midst of Your enemies.
109:3. With You is the principality in the day of Your strength; in the brightness of the saints, from the womb before the morning star I begot You.
109:4. The Lord has sworn, and He will not repent: "You are a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek."
109:5. The Lord at Your right hand has broken kings in the day of His wrath.
109:6. He shall judge among nations, He shall fill ruins; He shall crush the heads in the land of many.
109:7. He shall drink of the torrent in the way: therefore shall He lift up the head.

Psalms Chapter 110 / Psalm 110 (111 G)

Confitebor tibi, Domine.

God is to be praised for his graces, and benefits to his church.

Alleluia.

110:1. I will praise you, O Lord, with my whole heart; in the council of the just, and in the congregation.
110:2. Great are the works of the Lord: sought out according to all his wills.
110:3. His work is praise and magnificence: and his justice continueth forever and ever.
110:4. He has made a remembrance of his wonderful works, being a merciful and gracious Lord:
110:5. He has given food to them that fear him. He will be mindful forever of his covenant:
110:6. He will show forth to his people the power of his works.
110:7. That he may give them the inheritance of the Gentiles: the works of his hands are truth and judgment.
110:8. All his commandments are faithful: confirmed forever and ever, made in truth and equity.
110:9. He has sent redemption to his people: he has commanded his covenant forever. Holy and terrible is his name:
110:10. The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom. A good understanding to all that do it: his praise continueth forever and ever.

Psalms Chapter 111 / Psalm 111 (112 G)

Beatus vir.

The good man is happy.

Alleluia, of the returning of Aggeus and Zacharias.

Of the returning, etc. . .This is in the Greek and Latin, but not in the Hebrew. It signifies that this psalm was proper to be sung at the time of the return of the people from their captivity; to inculcate to them, how happy they might be, if they would be constant in the service of God.

111:1. Blessed is the man that feareth the Lord: he shall delight exceedingly in his commandments.
111:2. His seed shall be mighty upon earth: the generation of the righteous shall be blessed.
111:3. Glory and wealth shall be in his house: and his justice remaineth forever and ever.
111:4. To the righteous a light is risen up in darkness: he is merciful, and compassionate and just.
111:5. Acceptable is the man that showeth mercy and lendeth: he shall order his words with judgment:
111:6. Because he shall not be moved forever.
111:7. The just shall be in everlasting remembrance: he shall not fear the evil hearing. His heart is ready to hope in the Lord:
111:8. His heart is strengthened, he shall not be moved until he look over his enemies.
111:9. He has distributed, he has given to the poor: his justice remaineth forever and ever: his horn shall be exalted in glory.
111:10. The wicked shall see, and shall be angry, he shall gnash with his teeth and pine away: the desire of the wicked shall perish.

Psalms Chapter 112 / Psalm 112 (113 G)

Laudate, pueri.

God is to be praised for his regard to the poor and humble.

Alleluia.

112:1. Praise the Lord, ye children: praise ye the name of the Lord.
112:2. Blessed be the name of the Lord, from henceforth now and forever.
112:3. From the rising of the sun unto the going down of the same, the name of the Lord is worthy of praise.
112:4. The Lord is high above all nations; and his glory above the heavens.
112:5. Who is as the Lord our God, who dwelleth on high:
112:6. and looketh down on the low things in heaven and in earth?
112:7. Raising up the needy from the earth, and lifting up the poor out of the dunghill:
112:8. That he may place him with princes, with the princes of his people.
112:9. Who maketh a barren woman to dwell in a house, the joyful mother of children.

Psalms Chapter 113 / Psalm 113 (114 - 115 G)

In exitu Israel.

God has shown his power in delivering his people: idols are vain. The Hebrews divide this into two psalms.

Alleluia.

113a:1. When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a barbarous people:
113a:2. Judea was made his sanctuary, Israel his dominion.
113a:3. The sea saw and fled: Jordan was turned back.
113a:4. The mountains skipped like rams, and the hills like the lambs of the flock.
113a:5. What ailed you, O you sea, that you didst flee: and you, O Jordan, that you wast turned back?
113a:6. Ye mountains, that ye skipped like rams, and ye hills, like lambs of the flock?
113a:7. At the presence of the Lord the earth was moved, at the presence of the God of Jacob:
113a:8. Who turned the rock into pools of water, and the stony hill into fountains of waters.
113b:1. Not to us, O Lord, not to us; but to Your name give glory.
113b:2. For Your mercy, and for Your truth's sake: lest the Gentiles should say: Where is their God?
113b:3. But our God is in heaven; He has done everything He willed.
113b:4. The idols of the Gentiles are silver and gold, the works of the hands of men.
113b:5. They have mouths and do not speak; they have eyes and do not see.
113b:6. They have ears and do not hear; they have noses and do not smell.
113b:7. They have hands and do not feel; they have feet and do not walk; neither shall they cry out through their throat.
113b:8. Let them that make them become like unto them, and all such as trust in them.
113b:9. The house of Israel has hoped in the Lord: He is their helper and their protector.
113b:10. The house of Aaron has hoped in the Lord: He is their helper and their protector.
113b:11. Those who fear the Lord have hoped in the Lord: He is their helper and their protector.
113b:12. The Lord has been mindful of us, and has blessed us. He has blessed the house of Israel: He has blessed the house of Aaron.
113b:13. He has blessed all that fear the Lord, both little and great.
113b:14. May the Lord add blessings upon you: upon you, and upon your children.
113b:15. Blessed be you of the Lord, who made heaven and earth.
113b:16. The heaven of heaven is the Lord's: but the earth He has given to the children of men.
113b:17. The dead shall not praise You, O Lord: nor any of those who go down to hell.
113b:18. But we that live bless the Lord: from this time now and forever.

Psalms Chapter 114 / Psalm 114 (116 A G)

Dilexi.

The prayer of a just man in affliction, with a lively confidence in God.

Alleluia.

114:1. I have loved, because the Lord will hear the voice of my prayer.
114:2. Because he has inclined his ear unto me: and in my days I will call upon him.
114:3. The sorrows of death have compassed me: and the perils of hell have found me. I met with trouble and sorrow:
114:4. And I called upon the name of the Lord. O Lord, deliver my soul.
114:5. The Lord is merciful and just, and our God showeth mercy.
114:6. The Lord is the keeper of little ones: I was humbled, and he delivered me.
114:7. Turn, O my soul, into your rest: for the Lord has been bountiful to you.
114:8. For he has delivered my soul from death: my eyes from tears, my feet from falling.
114:9. I will please the Lord in the land of the living.

Psalms Chapter 115 / Psalm 115 (116 B G)

Credidi.

In the Hebrew text, this psalm is joined with the foregoing psalm, and continues to express the faith and gratitude of the psalmist.

Alleluia.

115:1. I have believed, therefore have I spoken; but I have been humbled exceedingly.
115:2. I said in my excess: Every man is a liar.
115:3. What shall I render to the Lord, for all the things that He has rendered to me?
115:4. I will take the chalice of salvation; and I will call upon the name of the Lord.
115:5. I will pay my vows to the Lord before all His people:
115:6. Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of His saints.
115:7. O Lord, for I am Your servant: I am Your servant, and the son of Your handmaid. You have broken my bonds:
115:8. I will sacrifice to You the sacrifice of praise, and I will call upon the name of the Lord.
115:9. I will pay my vows to the Lord in the sight of all His people:
115:10. In the courts of the house of the Lord, in the midst of you, O Jerusalem.

Psalms Chapter 116 / Psalm 116 (117 G)

Laudate Dominum.

All nations are called upon to praise God for His mercy and truth.

Alleluia.

116:1. O praise the Lord, all you nations: praise Him, all you people.
116:2. For His mercy is confirmed upon us: and the truth of the Lord endures forever.

Psalms Chapter 117 / Psalm 117 (118 G)

Confitemini Domino.

The psalmist praises God for his delivery from evils: puts his whole trust in Him; and foretells the coming of Christ.

Alleluia.

117:1. Give praise to the Lord, for He is good: for His mercy endures forever.
117:2. Let Israel now say, that He is good: that His mercy endures forever.
117:3. Let the house of Aaron now say, that His mercy endures forever.
117:4. Let those who fear the Lord now say, that His mercy endures forever.
117:5. In my trouble I called upon the Lord: and the Lord heard me, and enlarged me.
117:6. The Lord is my helper: I will not fear what man can do to me.
117:7. The Lord is my helper: and I will look over my enemies.
117:8. It is good to trust in the Lord, rather than to have confidence in man.
117:9. It is good to trust in the Lord, rather than to trust in princes.
117:10. All the nations encircled me; and in the name of the Lord I have been revenged on them.
117:11. Surrounding me they encompassed me, and in the name of the Lord I have been revenged on them.
117:12. They surrounded me like bees, and they burned like fire among thorns, and in the name of the Lord I was revenged on them.
117:13. Being pushed I was overturned that I might fall: but the Lord supported me.
117:14. The Lord is my strength and my praise, and He has become my salvation.
117:15. The voice of rejoicing and of salvation is in the tents of the just.
117:16. The right hand of the Lord has wrought strength; the right hand of the Lord has exalted me; the right hand of the Lord has wrought strength.
117:17. I shall not die, but live: and shall declare the works of the Lord.
117:18. The Lord chastising has chastised me, but He has not delivered me over to death.
117:19. Open the gates of justice for me; I will enter them, and give praise to the Lord.
117:20. This is the gate of the Lord, the just shall enter it.
117:21. I will give You glory because You have heard me, and have become my salvation.
117:22. The stone which the builders rejected has become the head cornerstone.
117:23. This is the Lord's doing, and it is wonderful in our eyes.
117:24. This is the day which the Lord has made; let us be glad and rejoice in it.
117:25. O Lord, save me; O Lord, give good success.
117:26. Blessed be he that comes in the name of the Lord. We have blessed you from the house of the Lord.
117:27. The Lord is God, and He has shone upon us. Appoint a solemn day, with shady boughs, even to the horn of the altar.
117:28. You are my God, and I will praise You; You are my God, and I will exalt You. I will praise You, because You have heard me, and have become my salvation.
117:29. O praise the Lord, for He is good, for His mercy endures forever.

Psalms Chapter 118 / Psalm 118 (119 G)

Beati immaculati.

Of the excellence of virtue consisting in the love and observance of the commandments of God.

Alleluia.

ALEPH.

Aleph. . .The first eight verses of this psalm in the original begin with Aleph, which is the name of the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet. The second eight verses begin with Beth, the name of the second letter of the Hebrew alphabet; and so to the end of the whole alphabet, in all twenty-two letters, each letter having eight verses. This order is variously expounded by the holy fathers; which shows the difficulty of understanding the holy scriptures, and consequently with what humility, and submission to the Church they are to be read.

118:1. Blessed are the undefiled in the way, who walk in the law of the Lord.
118:2. Blessed are they that search his testimonies: that seek him with their whole heart.

His testimonies. . .The commandments of God are called his testimonies, because they testify his holy will unto us. Note here, that in almost every verse of this psalm (which in number are 176) the word and law of God, and the love and observance of it, is perpetually inculcated, under a variety of denominations, all signifying the same thing.

118:3. For they that work iniquity, have not walked in his ways.
118:4. You have commanded your commandments to be kept most diligently.
118:5. O! that my ways may be directed to keep your justifications.
118:6. Then shall I not be confounded, when I shall look into all your commandments.
118:7. I will praise you with uprightness of heart, when I shall have learned the judgments of your justice.
118:8. I will keep your justifications: O! do not you utterly forsake me.

BETH.

118:9. By what doth a young man correct his way? by observing your words.
118:10. With my whole heart have I sought after you: let me not stray from your commandments.
118:11. Your words have I hidden in my heart, that I may not sin against you.
118:12. Blessed are you, O Lord: teach me your justifications.
118:13. With my lips I have pronounced all the judgments of your mouth.
118:14. I have been delighted in the way of your testimonies, as in all riches.
118:15. I will meditate on your commandments: and I will consider your ways.
118:16. I will think of your justifications: I will not forget your words.

GIMEL.

118:17. Give bountifully to your servant, enliven me: and I shall keep your words.
118:18. Open you my eyes: and I will consider the wondrous things of your law.
118:19. I am a sojourner on the earth: hide not your commandments from me.
118:20. My soul has coveted to long for your justifications, at all times.
118:21. You have rebuked the proud: they are cursed who decline from your commandments.
118:22. Remove from me reproach and contempt: because I have sought after your testimonies.
118:23. For princes sat, and spoke against me: but your servant was employed in your justifications.
118:24. For your testimonies are my meditation: and your justifications my counsel.

DALETH.

118:25. My soul has cleaved to the pavement: quicken you me according to your word.
118:26. I have declared my ways, and you have heard me: teach me your justifications.
118:27. Make me to understand the way of your justifications: and I shall be exercised in your wondrous works.
118:28. My soul has slumbered through heaviness: strengthen you me in your words.
118:29. Remove from me the way of iniquity: and out of your law have mercy on me.
118:30. I have chosen the way of truth: your judgments I have not forgotten.
118:31. I have stuck to your testimonies, O Lord: put me not to shame.
118:32. I have run the way of your commandments, when you didst enlarge my heart.

HE.

118:33. Set before me for a law the way of your justifications, O Lord: and I will always seek after it.
118:34. Give me understanding, and I will search your law; and I will keep it with my whole heart.
118:35. Lead me into the path of your commandments; for this same I have desired.
118:36. Incline my heart into your testimonies and not to covetousness.
118:37. Turn away my eyes that they may not behold vanity: quicken me in your way.
118:38. Establish your word to your servant, in your fear.
118:39. Turn away my reproach, which I have apprehended: for your judgments are delightful.
118:40. Behold I have longed after your precepts: quicken me in your justice.

VAU.

118:41. Let your mercy also come upon me, O Lord: your salvation according to your word.
118:42. So shall I answer them that reproach me in any thing; that I have trusted in your words.
118:43. And take not you the word of truth utterly out of my mouth: for in your words, I have hoped exceedingly.
118:44. So shall I always keep your law, forever and ever.
118:45. And I walked at large: because I have sought after your commandments.
118:46. And I spoke of your testimonies before kings: and I was not ashamed.
118:47. I meditated also on your commandments, which I loved.
118:48. And I lifted up my hands to your commandments, which I loved: and I was exercised in your justifications.

ZAIN.

118:49. Be you mindful of your word to your servant, in which you have given me hope.
118:50. This has comforted me in my humiliation: because your word has enlivened me.
118:51. The proud did iniquitously altogether: but I declined not from your law.
118:52. I remembered, O Lord, your judgments of old: and I was comforted.
118:53. A fainting has taken hold of me, because of the wicked that forsake your law.
118:54. Your justifications were the subject of my song, in the place of my pilgrimage.
118:55. In the night I have remembered your name, O Lord: and have kept your law.
118:56. This happened to me: because I sought after your justifications.

HETH.

118:57. O Lord, my portion, I have said, I would keep your law.
118:58. I entreated your face with all my heart: have mercy on me according to your word.
118:59. I have thought on my ways: and turned my feet unto your testimonies.
118:60. I am ready, and am not troubled: that I may keep your commandments.
118:61. The cords of the wicked have encompassed me: but I have not forgotten your law.
118:62. I rose at midnight to give praise to you; for the judgments of your justification.
118:63. I am a partaker with all them that fear you, and that keep your commandments.
118:64. The earth, O Lord, is full of your mercy: teach me your justifications.

TETH.

118:65. You have done well with your servant, O Lord, according to your word.
118:66. Teach me goodness and discipline and knowledge; for I have believed your commandments.
118:67. Before I was humbled I offended; therefore have I kept your word.
118:68. You are good; and in your goodness teach me your justifications.
118:69. The iniquity of the proud has been multiplied over me: but I will seek your commandments with my whole heart.
118:70. Their heart is curdled like milk: but I have meditated on your law.
118:71. It is good for me that you have humbled me, that I may learn your justifications.
118:72. The law of your mouth is good to me, above thousands of gold and silver.

JOD.

118:73. Your hands have made me and formed me: give me understanding, and I will learn your commandments.
118:74. They that fear you shall see me, and shall be glad : because I have greatly hoped in your words.
118:75. I know, O Lord, that your judgments are equity: and in your truth you have humbled me.
118:76. O! let your mercy be for my comfort, according to your word unto your servant.
118:77. Let your tender mercies come unto me, and I shall live: for your law is my meditation.
118:78. Let the proud be ashamed, because they have done unjustly towards me: but I will be employed in your commandments.
118:79. Let them that fear you turn to me: and they that know your testimonies.
118:80. Let my heart be undefiled in your justifications, that I may not be confounded.

CAPH.

118:81. My soul has fainted after your salvation: and in your word I have very much hoped.
118:82. My eyes have failed for your word, saying: When will you comfort me?
118:83. For I am become like a bottle in the frost: I have not forgotten your justifications.
118:84. How many are the days of your servant: when will you execute judgment on them that persecute me?
118:85. The wicked have told me fables: but not as your law.
118:86. All your statutes are truth: they have persecuted me unjustly, do you help me.
118:87. They had almost made an end of me upon earth: but I have not forsaken your commandments.
118:88. Quicken you me according to your mercy: and I shall keep the testimonies of your mouth.

LAMED.

118:89. Forever, O Lord, your word standeth firm in heaven.
118:90. Your truth unto all generations: you have founded the earth, and it continueth.
118:91. By your ordinance the day goeth on: for all things serve you.
118:92. Unless your law had been my meditation, I had then perhaps perished in my abjection.
118:93. Your justifications I will never forget: for by them you have given me life.
118:94. I am thine, save you me: for I have sought your justifications.
118:95. The wicked have waited for me to destroy me: but I have understood your testimonies.
118:96. I have seen an end of all perfection: your commandment is exceeding broad.

MEM.

118:97. O how have I loved your law, O Lord! it is my meditation all the day.
118:98. Through your commandment, you have made me wiser than my enemies: for it is ever with me.
118:99. I have understood more than all my teachers: because your testimonies are my meditation.
118:100. I have had understanding above ancients: because I have sought your commandments.
118:101. I have restrained my feet from every evil way: that I may keep your words.
118:102. I have not declined from your judgments, because you have set me a law.
118:103. How sweet are your words to my palate! more than honey to my mouth.
118:104. By your commandments I have had understanding: therefore have I hated every way of iniquity.

NUN.

118:105. Your word is a lamp to my feet, and a light to my paths.
118:106. I have sworn and am determined to keep the judgments of your justice.
118:107. I have been humbled, O Lord, exceedingly: quicken you me according to your word.
118:108. The free offerings of my mouth make acceptable, O Lord: and teach me your judgments.
118:109. My soul is continually in my hands: and I have not forgotten your law.
118:110. Sinners have laid a snare for me: but I have not erred from your precepts.
118:111. I have purchased your testimonies for an inheritance forever: because they are the joy of my heart.
118:112. I have inclined my heart to do your justifications forever, for the reward.

SAMECH.

118:113. I have hated the unjust: and have loved your law.
118:114. You are my helper and my protector: and in your word I have greatly hoped.
118:115. Depart from me, ye malignant: and I will search the commandments of my God.
118:116. Uphold me according to your word, and I shall live: and let me not be confounded in my expectation.
118:117. Help me, and I shall be saved: and I will meditate always on your justifications.
118:118. You have despised all them that fall off from your judgments; for their thought is unjust.
118:119. I have accounted all the sinners of the earth prevaricators: therefore have I loved your testimonies.
118:120. Pierce you my flesh with your fear: for I am afraid of your judgments.

AIN.

118:121. I have done judgment and justice: give me not up to them that slander me.
118:122. Uphold your servant unto good: let not the proud calumniate me.
118:123. My eyes have fainted after your salvation: and for the word of your justice.
118:124. Deal with your servant according to your mercy: and teach me your justifications.
118:125. I am your servant: give me understanding that I may know your testimonies.
118:126. It is time, O Lord, to do: they have dissipated your law.
118:127. Therefore have I loved your commandments above gold and the topaz.
118:128. Therefore was I directed to all your commandments: I have hated all wicked ways.

PHE.

118:129. Your testimonies are wonderful: therefore my soul has sought them.
118:130. The declaration of your words giveth light: and giveth understanding to little ones.
118:131. I opened my mouth, and panted: because I longed for your commandments.
118:132. Look you upon me, and have mercy on me according to the judgment of them that love your name.
118:133. Direct my steps according to your word: and let no iniquity have dominion over me.
118:134. Redeem me from the calumnies of men: that I may keep your commandments.
118:135. Make your face to shine upon your servant: and teach me your justifications.
118:136. My eyes have sent forth springs of water: because they have not kept your law.

SADE.

118:137. You are just, O Lord: and your judgment is right.
118:138. You have commanded justice your testimonies: and your truth exceedingly.
118:139. My zeal has made me pine away: because my enemies forgot your words.
118:140. Your word is exceedingly refined: and your servant has loved it.
118:141. I am very young and despised; but I forget not your justifications.
118:142. Your justice is justice forever: and your law is the truth.
118:143. Trouble and anguish have found me: your commandments are my meditation.
118:144. Your testimonies are justice forever: give me understanding, and I shall live.

COPH.

118:145. I cried with my whole heart, hear me, O Lord: I will seek Your justifications.
118:146. I cried unto You, save me: that I may keep Your commandments.
118:147. I prevented the dawning of the day, and cried: because I greatly hoped in Your words.
118:148. My eyes to You have prevented the morning: that I might meditate on Your words.
118:149. Hear my voice, O Lord, according to Your mercy: and quicken me according to Your judgment.
118:150. Those who persecute me have drawn nigh to iniquity; but they are gone far off from Your law.
118:151. You are near, O Lord: and all Your ways are truth.
118:152. I have known from the beginning concerning Your testimonies: that You have founded them forever.

RES.

118:153. See my humiliation and deliver me for I have not forgotten your law.
118:154. Judge my judgment and redeem me: quicken you me for your word's sake.
118:155. Salvation is far from sinners; because they have not sought your justifications.
118:156. Many, O Lord, are your mercies: quicken me according to your judgment.
118:157. Many are they that persecute me and afflict me; but I have not declined from your testimonies.
118:158. I beheld the transgressors, and pined away; because they kept not your word.
118:159. Behold I have loved your commandments, O Lord; quicken me you in your mercy.
118:160. The beginning of your words is truth: all the judgments of your justice are forever.

SIN.

118:161. Princes have persecuted me without cause: and my heart has been in awe of your words.
118:162. I will rejoice at your words, as one that has found great spoil.
118:163. I have hated and abhorred iniquity; but I have loved your law.
118:164. Seven times a day I have given praise to you, for the judgments of your justice.
118:165. Much peace have they that love your law, and to them there is no stumbling block.
118:166. I looked for your salvation, O Lord: and I loved your commandments.
118:167. My soul has kept your testimonies and has loved them exceedingly.
118:168. I have kept your commandments and your testimonies: because all my ways are in your sight.

TAU.

118:169. Let my supplication, O Lord, come near in your sight: give me understanding according to your word.
118:170. Let my request come in before you; deliver you me according to your word.
118:171. My lips shall utter a hymn, when you shall teach me your justifications.
118:172. My tongue shall pronounce your word: because all your commandments are justice.
118:173. Let your hand be with me to save me; for I have chosen your precepts.
118:174. I have longed for your salvation, O Lord; and your law is my meditation.
118:175. My soul shall live and shall praise you: and your judgments shall help me.
118:176. I have gone astray like a sheep that is lost: seek your servant, because I have not forgotten your commandments.

Psalms Chapter 119 / Psalm 119 (120 G)

Ad Dominum.

A prayer in tribulation. A gradual canticle.

A gradual canticle. . .The following psalms, in number fifteen, are called gradual psalms, or canticles, from the word gradus, signifying steps, ascensions, or degrees: either because they were appointed to be sung on the fifteen steps, by which the people ascended to the temple: or, that in the singing of them the voice was to be raised by certain steps or ascensions: or, that they were to be sung by the people returning from their captivity and ascending to Jerusalem, which was seated amongst mountains. The holy fathers, in a mystical sense, understand these steps, or ascensions, of the degrees by which Christians spiritually ascend to virtue and perfection; and to the true temple of God in the heavenly Jerusalem.

119:1. In my trouble I cried to the Lord: and he heard me.
119:2. O Lord, deliver my soul from wicked lips, and a deceitful tongue.
119:3. What shall be given to you, or what shall be added to you, to a deceitful tongue?
119:4. The sharp arrows of the mighty, with coals that lay waste.
119:5. Woe is me, that my sojourning is prolonged! I have dwelt with the inhabitants of Cedar:
119:6. My soul has been long a sojourner.
119:7. With them that hated peace I was peaceable: when I spoke to them they fought against me without cause.

Psalms Chapter 120 / Psalm 120 (121 G)

The Lord is your keeper, the Lord is your protection upon your right hand.
Psalm 120:5

Levavi oculos.

God is the keeper of his servants. A gradual canticle.

120:1. I have lifted up my eyes to the mountains, from whence help shall come to me.
120:2. My help is from the Lord, who made heaven and earth.
120:3. May he not suffer your foot to be moved: neither let him slumber that keeps you.
120:4. Behold he shall neither slumber nor sleep, that keeps Israel.
120:5. The Lord is your keeper, the Lord is your protection upon your right hand.
120:6. The sun shall not burn you by day: nor the moon by night.
120:7. The Lord keeps you from all evil: may the Lord keep your soul.
120:8. May the Lord keep your coming in and your going out; from henceforth now and forever.

Psalms Chapter 121 / Psalm 121 (122 G)

Laetatus sum in his.

The desire and hope of the just for the coming of the kingdom of God, and the peace of his church.

121:1. A gradual canticle. I rejoiced at the things that were said to me: We shall go into the house of the Lord.
121:2. Our feet were standing in your courts, O Jerusalem.
121:3. Jerusalem, which is built as a city, which is compact together.
121:4. For thither did the tribes go up, the tribes of the Lord: the testimony of Israel, to praise the name of the Lord.
121:5. Because their seats have sat in judgment, seats upon the house of David.
121:6. Pray ye for the things that are for the peace of Jerusalem: and abundance for them that love you.
121:7. Let peace be in your strength: and abundance in your towers.
121:8. For the sake of my brethren, and of my neighbors, I spoke peace of you.
121:9. Because of the house of the Lord our God, I have sought good things for you.

Psalms Chapter 122 / Psalm 122 (123 G)

Ad te levavi.

A prayer in affliction, with confidence in God. A gradual canticle.

122:1. To you have I lifted up my eyes, who dwellest in heaven.
122:2. Behold as the eyes of servants are on the hands of their masters, As the eyes of the handmaid are on the hands of her mistress: so are our eyes unto the Lord our God, until he have mercy on us.
122:3. Have mercy on us, O Lord, have mercy on us: for we are greatly filled with contempt.
122:4. For our soul is greatly filled: we are a reproach to the rich, and contempt to the proud.

Psalms Chapter 123 / Psalm 123 (124 G)

Nisi quia Domini.

The church giveth glory to God for her deliverance, from the hands of her enemies.

123:1. A gradual canticle. If it had not been that the Lord was with us, let Israel now say:
123:2. If it had not been that the Lord was with us, When men rose up against us,
123:3. Perhaps they had swallowed us up alive. When their fury was enkindled against us,
123:4. Perhaps the waters had swallowed us up.
123:5. Our soul has passed through a torrent: perhaps our soul had passed through a water insupportable.
123:6. Blessed be the Lord, who has not given us to be a prey to their teeth.
123:7. Our soul has been delivered as a sparrow out of the snare of the fowlers. The snare is broken, and we are delivered.
123:8. Our help is in the name of the Lord, who made heaven and earth.

Psalms Chapter 124 / Psalm 124 (125 G)

Qui confidunt.

The just are always under God's protection.

124:1. A gradual canticle. They that trust in the Lord shall be as mount Zion: he shall not be moved forever that dwelleth
124:2. In Jerusalem. Mountains are round about it: so the Lord is round about his people from henceforth now and forever.
124:3. For the Lord will not leave the rod of sinners upon the lot of the just: that the just may not stretch forth their hands to iniquity.
124:4. Do good, O Lord, to those that are good, and to the upright of heart.
124:5. But such as turn aside into bonds, the Lord shall lead out with the workers of iniquity: peace upon Israel.

Psalms Chapter 125 / Psalm 125 (126 G)

In convertendo.

The people of God rejoice at their delivery from captivity.

125:1. A gradual canticle. When the Lord brought back the captivity of Zion, we became like men comforted.
125:2. Then was our mouth filled with gladness; and our tongue with joy. Then shall they say among the Gentiles: The Lord has done great things for them.
The Lord has done great things for us: we are joyful.
Psalm 125:3
125:3. The Lord has done great things for us: we are joyful.
125:4. Turn again our captivity, O Lord, as a stream in the south.
125:5. They that sow in tears shall reap in joy.
125:6. Going they went and wept, casting their seeds.
125:7. But coming they shall come with joyfulness, carrying their sheaves.

Psalms Chapter 126 / Psalm 126 (127 G)

Nisi Dominus.

Nothing can be done without God's grace and blessing.

126:1. A gradual canticle of Solomon. Unless the Lord build the house, they labor in vain that build it. Unless the Lord keep the city, he watcheth in vain that keepeth it.
126:2. It is vain for you to rise before light, rise ye after you have sitten, you that eat the bread of sorrow. When he shall give sleep to his beloved,

It is vain for you to rise before light. . .That is, your early rising, your labor and worldly solicitude, will be vain, that is, will avail you nothing, without the light, grace, and blessing of God.

126:3. Behold the inheritance of the Lord are children: the reward, the fruit of the womb.
126:4. As arrows in the hand of the mighty, so the children of them that have been shaken.
126:5. Blessed is the man that has filled the desire with them; he shall not be confounded when he shall speak to his enemies in the gate.

Psalms Chapter 127 / Psalm 127 (128 G)

Blessed are all they that fear the Lord: that walk in His ways.
Psalm 128

Beati omnes.

The fear of God is the way to happiness.

127:1. A gradual canticle. Blessed are all they that fear the Lord: that walk in His ways.
127:2. For you shall eat the labors of your hands: blessed are you, and it shall be well with you.
127:3. Your wife as a fruitful vine, on the sides of your house. Your children as olive plants, round about your table.
127:4. Behold, thus shall the man be blessed that feareth the Lord.
127:5. May the Lord bless you out of Zion: and mayst you see the good things of Jerusalem all the days of your life.
127:6. And mayst you see your children's children, peace upon Israel.

Psalms Chapter 128 / Psalm 128 (129 G)

Saepe expugnaverunt.

The church of God is invincible : her persecutors come to nothing.

128:1. A gradual canticle. Often have they fought against me from my youth, let Israel now say.
128:2. Often have they fought against me from my youth: but they could not prevail over me.
128:3. The wicked have wrought upon my back: they have lengthened their iniquity.
128:4. The Lord who is just will cut the necks of sinners:
128:5. Let them all be confounded and turned back that hate Zion.
128:6. Let them be as grass upon the tops of houses: which withereth before it be plucked up:
128:7. Who with the mower filleth not his hand: nor he that gathereth sheaves his bosom.
128:8. And they that passed by have not said: The blessing of the Lord be upon you: we have blessed you in the name of the Lord.

Psalms Chapter 129 / Psalm 129 (130 G)

De profundis.

A prayer of a sinner, trusting in the mercies of God. The sixth penitential psalm.

129:1. A gradual canticle. Out of the depths I have cried to you, O Lord:
129:2. Lord, hear my voice. Let your ears be attentive to the voice of my supplication.
129:3. If you, O Lord, will mark iniquities: Lord, who shall stand it.
129:4. For with you there is merciful forgiveness: and by reason of your law, I have waited for you, O Lord. My soul has relied on his word:
129:5. my soul has hoped in the Lord.
129:6. From the morning watch even until night, let Israel hope in the Lord.
129:7. Because with the Lord there is mercy: and with him plentiful redemption.
129:8. And he shall redeem Israel from all his iniquities.

Psalms Chapter 130 / Psalm 130 (131 G)

Domine, none est.

The prophet's humility.

130:1. A gradual canticle of David. Lord, my heart is not exalted: nor are my eyes lofty. Neither have I walked in great matters, nor in wonderful things above me.
130:2. If I was not humbly minded, but exalted my soul: As a child that is weaned is towards his mother, so reward in my soul.
130:3. Let Israel hope in the Lord, from henceforth now and forever.

Psalms Chapter 131 / Psalm 131 (132 G)

Memento, Domine.

A prayer for the fulfilling of the promise made to David.

131:1. A gradual canticle. O Lord, remember David, and all his meekness.
131:2. How he swore to the Lord, he vowed a vow to the God of Jacob:
131:3. If I shall enter into the tabernacle of my house: if I shall go up into the bed wherein I lie:
131:4. If I shall give sleep to my eyes, or slumber to my eyelids,
131:5. Or rest to my temples: until I find out a place for the Lord, a tabernacle for the God of Jacob.
131:6. Behold we have heard of it in Ephrata: we have found it in the fields of the wood.

We have heard of it in Ephrata. . .When I was young, and lived in Bethlehem, otherwise called Ephrata, I heard of God's tabernacle and ark, and had a devout desire of seeking it; and accordingly I found it at Cariathiarim, the city of the woods: where it was till it was removed to Jerusalem. See 1 Par. 13.

131:7. We will go into his tabernacle: we will adore in the place where his feet stood.
131:8. Arise, O Lord, into your resting place: you and the ark, which you have sanctified.
131:9. Let your priests be clothed with justice: and let your saints rejoice.
131:10. For your servant David's sake, turn not away the face of your anointed.
131:11. The Lord has sworn truth to David, and he will not make it void: of the fruit of your womb I will set upon your throne.
131:12. If your children will keep my covenant, and these my testimonies which I shall teach them: Their children also forevermore shall sit upon your throne.
131:13. For the Lord has chosen Zion: he has chosen it for his dwelling.
131:14. This is my rest forever and ever: here will I dwell, for I have chosen it.
131:15. Blessing I will bless her widow: I will satisfy her poor with bread.
131:16. I will clothe her priests with salvation, and her saints shall rejoice with exceeding great joy.
131:17. There will I bring forth a horn to David: I have prepared a lamp for my anointed.
131:18. His enemies I will clothe with confusion: but upon him shall my sanctification flourish.

Psalms Chapter 132 / Psalm 132 (133 G)

Ecce quam bonum.

The happiness of brotherly love and concord.

132:1. A gradual canticle of David. Behold how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity:
132:2. Like the precious ointment on the head, that ran down upon the beard, the beard of Aaron, Which ran down to the skirt of his garment:
132:3. As the dew of Hermon, which descendeth upon mount Zion. For there the Lord has commanded blessing, and life forevermore.

Psalms Chapter 133 / Psalm 133 (134 G)

Ecce nunc benedicite.

An exhortation to praise God continually.

133:1. A gradual canticle. Behold now bless ye the Lord, all ye servants of the Lord: Who stand in the house of the Lord, in the courts of the house of our God.
133:2. In the nights lift up your hands to the holy places, and bless ye the Lord.
133:3. May the Lord out of Zion bless you, he that made heaven and earth.

Psalms Chapter 134 / Psalm 134 (135 G)

Laudate nomen.

An exhortation to praise God: the vanity of idols.

134:1. Alleluia. Praise ye the name of the Lord: O you his servants, praise the Lord:
134:2. You that stand in the house of the Lord, in the courts of the house of our God.
134:3. Praise ye the Lord, for the Lord is good: sing ye to his name, for it is sweet.
134:4. For the Lord has chosen Jacob unto himself: Israel for his own possession.
134:5. For I have known that the Lord is great, and our God is above all gods.
134:6. Whatever the Lord pleased he has done, in heaven, in earth, in the sea, and in all the deeps.
134:7. He bringeth up clouds from the end of the earth: he has made lightnings for the rain. He bringeth forth winds out of his stores:
134:8. He slew the firstborn of Egypt from man even unto beast.
134:9. He sent forth signs and wonders in the midst of you, O Egypt: upon Pharaoh, and upon all his servants.
134:10. He smote many nations, and slew mighty kings:
134:11. Sehon king of the Amorrhites, and Og king of Basan, and all the kingdoms of Chanaan.
134:12. And gave their land for an inheritance, for an inheritance to his people Israel.
134:13. Your name, O Lord, is forever: your memorial, O Lord, unto all generations.
134:14. For the Lord will judge his people, and will be entreated in favor of his servants.
134:15. The idols of the Gentiles are silver and gold, the works of men's hands.
134:16. They have a mouth, but they speak not: they have eyes, but they see not.
134:17. They have ears, but they hear not: neither is there any breath in their mouths.
134:18. Let them that make them be like to them: and every one that trusteth in them.
134:19. Bless the Lord, O house of Israel: bless the Lord, O house of Aaron.
134:20. Bless the Lord, O house of Levi: you that fear the Lord, bless the Lord.
134:21. Blessed be the Lord out of Zion, who dwelleth in Jerusalem.

Psalms Chapter 135 / Psalm 135 (136 G)

Confitemini Domino.

God is to be praised for his wonderful works.

135:1. Alleluia. Praise the Lord, for he is good: for his mercy endureth forever.

Praise the Lord. . .By this invitation to praise the Lord, thrice repeated, we profess the Blessed Trinity, One God in three distinct Persons, the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Ghost.

135:2. Praise ye the God of gods: for his mercy endureth forever.
135:3. Praise ye the Lord of lords: for his mercy endureth forever.
135:4. Who alone doth great wonders: for his mercy endureth forever.
135:5. Who made the heavens in understanding: for his mercy endureth forever.
135:6. Who established the earth above the waters: for his mercy endureth forever.
135:7. Who made the great lights: for his mercy endureth forever.
135:8. The sun to rule the day: for his mercy endureth forever.
135:9. The moon and the stars to rule the night: for his mercy endureth forever.
135:10. Who smote Egypt with their firstborn: for his mercy endureth forever.
135:11. Who brought out Israel from among them: for his mercy endureth forever.
135:12. With a mighty hand and with a stretched out arm: for his mercy endureth forever.
135:13. Who divided the Red Sea into parts: for his mercy endureth forever.
135:14. And brought out Israel through the midst thereof: for his mercy endureth forever.
135:15. And overthrew Pharaoh and his host in the Red Sea: for his mercy endureth forever.
135:16. Who led his people through the desert: for his mercy endureth forever.
135:17. Who smote great kings: for his mercy endureth forever.
135:18. And slew strong kings: for his mercy endureth forever.
135:19. Sehon king of the Amorrhites: for his mercy endureth forever.
135:20. And Og king of Basan: for his mercy endureth forever.
135:21. And he gave their land for an inheritance: for his mercy endureth forever.
135:22. For an inheritance to his servant Israel: for his mercy endureth forever.
135:23. For he was mindful of us in our affliction: for his mercy endureth forever.
135:24. And he redeemed us from our enemies: for his mercy endureth forever.
135:25. Who giveth food to all flesh: for his mercy endureth forever.
135:26. Give glory to the God of heaven: for his mercy endureth forever.
135:27. Give glory to the Lord of lords: for his mercy endureth forever.

Psalms Chapter 136 / Psalm 136 (137 G)

Super flumina.

How shall we sing the song of the Lord in a strange land?
Psalm 137:4

The lamentation of the people of God in their captivity in Babylon. A psalm of David, for Jeremiah.

For Jeremiah. . .For the time of Jeremiah, and the captivity of Babylon.

136:1. Upon the rivers of Babylon, there we sat and wept: when we remembered Zion:
136:2. On the willows in the midst thereof we hung up our instruments.
136:3. For there they that led us into captivity required of us the words of songs. And they that carried us away, said: Sing ye to us a hymn of the songs of Zion.
136:4. How shall we sing the song of the Lord in a strange land?
136:5. If I forget you, O Jerusalem, let my right hand be forgotten.
136:6. Let my tongue cleave to my jaws, if I do not remember you: If I make not Jerusalem the beginning of my joy.
136:7. Remember, O Lord, the children of Edom, in the day of Jerusalem: Who say: Rase it, rase it, even to the foundation thereof.
136:8. O daughter of Babylon, miserable: blessed shall he be who shall repay you your payment which you have paid us.
136:9. Blessed be he that shall take and dash your little ones against the rock.

Dash your little ones, etc. . .In the spiritual sense, we dash the little ones of Babylon against the rock, when we mortify our passions, and stifle the first motions of them, by a speedy recourse to the rock which is Christ.

Psalms Chapter 137 / Psalm 137 (138 G)

Confitebor tibi.

Thanksgiving to God for his benefits.

137:1. For David himself. I will praise you, O Lord, with my whole heart: for you have heard the words of my mouth. I will sing praise to you in the sight of the angels:
137:2. I will worship towards your holy temple, and I will give glory to your name. For your mercy, and for your truth: for you have magnified your holy name above all.
137:3. In what day soever I shall call upon you, hear me: you shall multiply strength in my soul.
137:4. May all the kings of the earth give glory to you: for they have heard all the words of your mouth.
137:5. And let them sing in the ways of the Lord: for great is the glory of the Lord.
137:6. For the Lord is high, and looketh on the low: and the high he knoweth afar off.
137:7. If I shall walk in the midst of tribulation, you will quicken me: and you have stretched forth your hand against the wrath of my enemies: and your right hand has saved me.
137:8. The Lord will repay for me: your mercy, O Lord, endureth forever: O despise not the works of your hands.

Psalms Chapter 138 / Psalm 138 (139 G)

Domine, probasti.

God's special providence over his servants.

138:1. Unto the end, a psalm of David. Lord, you have proved me, and known me:
138:2. You have known my sitting down, and my rising up.
138:3. You have understood my thoughts afar off: my path and my line you have searched out.
138:4. And you have foreseen all my ways: for there is no speech in my tongue.

There is no speech, etc. . .Viz., unknown to you: or when there is no speech in my tongue; yet my whole interior and my most secret thoughts are known to you.

138:5. Behold, O Lord, you have known all things, the last and those of old: you have formed me, and have laid your hand upon me.
138:6. Your knowledge is become wonderful to me: it is high, and I cannot reach to it.
138:7. Whither shall I go from your spirit? or whither shall I flee from your face?
138:8. If I ascend into heaven, you are there: if I descend into hell, you are present.
138:9. If I take my wings early in the morning, and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea:
138:10. Even there also shall your hand lead me: and your right hand shall hold me.
138:11. And I said: Perhaps darkness shall cover me: and night shall be my light in my pleasures.
138:12. But darkness shall not be dark to you, and night shall be light all the day: the darkness thereof, and the light thereof are alike to you.
138:13. For you have possessed my reins: you have protected me from my mother's womb.
138:14. I will praise you, for you are fearfully magnified: wonderful are your works, and my soul knoweth right well.
138:15. My bone is not hidden from you, which you have made in secret: and my substance in the lower parts of the earth.
138:16. Your eyes did see my imperfect being, and in your book all shall be written: days shall be formed, and no one in them.
138:17. But to me your friends, O God, are made exceedingly honorable: their principality is exceedingly strengthened.
138:18. I will number them, and they shall be multiplied above the sand, I rose up and am still with you.
138:19. If you will kill the wicked, O God: ye men of blood, depart from me:
138:20. Because you say in thought: They shall receive your cities in vain.

Because you say in thought, etc. . .Depart from me, you wicked, who plot against the servants of God, and think to cast them out of the cities of their habitation; as if they have received them in vain, and to no purpose.

138:21. Have I not hated them, O Lord, that hated you: and pined away because of your enemies?
138:22. I have hated them with a perfect hatred: and they are become enemies to me.

I have hated them. . .Not with an hatred of malice, but a zeal for the observance of God's commandments; which he saw were despised by the wicked, who are to be considered enemies to God.

138:23. Prove me, O God, and know my heart: examine me, and know my paths.
138:24. And see if there be in me the way of iniquity: and lead me in the eternal way.

Psalms Chapter 139 / Psalm 139 (140 G)

Eripe me, Domine.

A prayer to be delivered from the wicked.

139:1. Unto the end, a psalm of David.
139:2. Deliver me, O Lord, from the evil man: rescue me from the unjust man.
139:3. Who have devised iniquities in their hearts: all the day long they designed battles.
139:4. They have sharpened their tongues like a serpent: the venom of asps is under their lips.
139:5. Keep me, O Lord, from the hand of the wicked: and from unjust men deliver me. Who have proposed to supplant my steps:
139:6. The proud have hidden a net for me. And they have stretched out cords for a snare: they have laid for me a stumblingblock by the wayside.
139:7. I said to the Lord: You are my God: hear, O Lord, the voice of my supplication.
139:8. O Lord, Lord, the strength of my salvation: you have overshadowed my head in the day of battle.
139:9. Give me not up, O Lord, from my desire to the wicked: they have plotted against me; do not you forsake me, lest they should triumph.
139:10. The head of them compassing me about: the labor of their lips shall overwhelm them.
139:11. Burning coals shall fall upon them; you will cast them down into the fire: in miseries they shall not be able to stand.
139:12. A man full of tongue shall not be established in the earth: evil shall catch the unjust man unto destruction.
139:13. I know that the Lord will do justice to the needy, and will revenge the poor.
139:14. But as for the just, they shall give glory to your name: and the upright shall dwell with your countenance.

Psalms Chapter 140 / Psalm 140 (141 G)

I have cried to you, O Lord, hear me: hearken to my voice, when I cry to you.
Psalm 140:1

Domine, clamavi.

A prayer against sinful words, and deceitful flatterers. A psalm of David.

140:1. I have cried to you, O Lord, hear me: hearken to my voice, when I cry to you.
140:2. Let my prayer be directed as incense in your sight; the lifting up of my hands, as evening sacrifice.
140:3. Set a watch, O Lord, before my mouth: and a door round about my lips.
140:4. Incline not my heart to evil words; to make excuses in sins. With men that work iniquity: and I will not communicate with the choicest of them.
140:5. The just man shall correct me in mercy, and shall reprove me: but let not the oil of the sinner fatten my head. For my prayer shall still be against the things with which they are well pleased:

Let not the oil of the sinner, etc. . .That is, the flattery, or deceitful praise.--Ibid. For my prayer, etc. . .So far from coveting their praises, who are never well pleased but with things that are evil; I shall continually pray to be preserved from such things as they are delighted with.

140:6. Their judges falling upon the rock have been swallowed up. They shall hear my words, for they have prevailed:

Their judges, etc. . .Their rulers, or chiefs, quickly vanish and perish, like ships dashed against the rocks, and swallowed up by the waves. Let them then hear my words, for they are powerful and will prevail; or, as it is in the Hebrew, for they are sweet.

140:7. As when the thickness of the earth is broken up upon the ground: Our bones are scattered by the side of hell.
140:8. But to you, O Lord, Lord, are my eyes: in you have I put my trust, take not away my soul.
140:9. Keep me from the snare, which they have laid for me, and from the stumblingblocks of them that work iniquity.
140:10. The wicked shall fall in his net: I am alone until I pass.

I am alone, etc. . .Singularly protected by the Almighty, until I pass all their nets and snares.

Psalms Chapter 141 / Psalm 141 (142 G)

Voce mea.

A prayer of David in extremity of danger.

141:1. Of understanding for David, A prayer when he was in the cave.
[1 Kings 24.]
141:2. I cried to the Lord with my voice: with my voice I made supplication to the Lord.
141:3. In his sight I pour out my prayer, and before him I declare my trouble:
141:4. When my spirit failed me, then you knewest my paths. In this way wherein I walked, they have hidden a snare for me.
141:5. I looked on my right hand, and beheld, and there was no one that would know me. Flight has failed me: and there is no one that has regard to my soul.
141:6. I cried to you, O Lord: I said: You are my hope, my portion in the land of the living.
141:7. Attend to my supplication: for I am brought very low. Deliver me from my persecutors; for they are stronger than I.
141:8. Bring my soul out of prison, that I may praise your name: the just wait for me, until you reward me.

Psalm 142 / Psalm 142 (143 G)

Domine, exaudi.

The psalmist in tribulation calls upon God for his delivery. The seventh penitential psalm.

142:1. A psalm of David, when his son Absalom pursued him. [2 Kings 17.] Hear, O Lord, my prayer: give ear to my supplication in Your truth: hear me in Your justice.
142:2. And enter not into judgment with Your servant: for in Your sight no man living shall be justified.
142:3. For the enemy has persecuted my soul: he has brought down my life to the earth. He has made me to dwell in darkness as those that have been dead of old:
142:4. And my spirit is in anguish within me: my heart within me is troubled.
142:5. I remembered the days of old, I meditated on all Your works: I meditated upon the works of Your hands.
142:6. I stretched forth my hands to You: my soul is as earth without water unto You.
142:7. Hear me speedily, O Lord: my spirit has fainted away. Do not turn away Your face from me, lest I be like unto those that go down into the pit.
142:8. Cause me to hear Your mercy in the morning; for I have hoped in You. Make the way I should walk known to me, for I have lifted up my soul to You.
142:9. Deliver me from my enemies, O Lord, to You have I fled:
142:10. Teach me to do Your will, for You are my God. Your good spirit shall lead me into the right land:
142:11. for Your name's sake, O Lord, You will quicken me in Your justice. You will bring my soul out of trouble:
142:12. And in Your mercy You will destroy my enemies. And You will cut off all those who afflict my soul: for I am Your servant.

Psalms Chapter 143 / Psalm 143 (144 G)

Benedictus Dominus.

The prophet praises God, and prays to be delivered from his enemies. No worldly happiness is to be compared with that of serving God. A psalm of David against Goliath.

143:1. Blessed be the Lord my God, who teaches my hands to fight, and my fingers to war.
143:2. My mercy, and my refuge: my support, and my deliverer: My protector, and I have hoped in Him: who subdues my people under me.
143:3. Lord, what is man, that You are made known to him? or the son of man, that You make account of him?
143:4. Man is like to vanity: his days pass away like a shadow.
143:5. Lord, bow down Your heavens and descend: touch the mountains, and they shall smoke.
143:6. Send forth lightning, and You shall scatter them: shoot out Your arrows, and you shall trouble them.
143:7. Put forth Your hand from on high, take me out, and deliver me from many waters: from the hand of strange children:
143:8. Whose mouth has spoken vanity: and their right hand is the right hand of iniquity.
143:9. To You, O God, I will sing a new canticle: on the psaltery and an instrument of ten strings I will sing praises to You.
143:10. Who givest salvation to kings: who have redeemed Your servant David from the malicious sword:
143:11. Deliver me, and rescue me out of the hand of strange children; whose mouth has spoken vanity: and their right hand is the right hand of iniquity:
143:12. Whose sons are as new plants in their youth: Their daughters decked out, adorned round about after the similitude of a temple:
143:13. Their storehouses full, flowing out of this into that. Their sheep fruitful in young, abounding in their goings forth:
143:14. Their oxen fat. There is no breach of wall, nor passage, nor crying out in their streets.
143:15. They have called the people happy, that has these things: but happy is that people whose God is the Lord.

Psalms Chapter 144 / Psalm 144 (145 G)

Exaltabo te, Deus.

A psalm of praise, to the infinite majesty of God.

144:1. Praise, for David himself. I will extol You, O God my king: and I will bless Your name forever; yea, forever and ever.
144:2. Every day I will bless You: and I will praise Your name forever; yea, forever and ever.
144:3. Great is the Lord, and greatly to be praised: and of His greatness there is no end.
144:4. Generation and generation shall praise Your works: and they shall declare Your power.
144:5. They shall speak of the magnificence of the glory of Your holiness: and shall tell Your wondrous works.
144:6. And they shall speak of the might of Your terrible acts: and shall declare Your greatness.
144:7. They shall publish the memory of the abundance of Your sweetness: and shall rejoice in Your justice.
144:8. The Lord is gracious and merciful: patient and plenteous in mercy.
144:9. The Lord is sweet to all: and his tender mercies are over all His works.
144:10. Let all Your works, O Lord, praise You: and let Your saints bless You.
144:11. They shall speak of the glory of Your kingdom: and shall tell of Your power:
144:12. To make Your might known to the sons of men: and the glory of the magnificence of Your kingdom.
144:13. Your kingdom is a kingdom of all ages: and Your dominion endures throughout all generations. The Lord is faithful in all His words: and holy in all His works.
144:14. The Lord lifts up all that fall: and sets up all that are cast down.
144:15. The eyes of all hope in You, O Lord: and You give them meat in due season.
144:16. You open Your hand, and fill with blessing every living creature.
144:17. The Lord is just in all His ways: and holy in all His works.
144:18. The Lord is near unto all those who call upon Him: to all that call upon Him in truth.
144:19. He will do the will of those who fear Him: and He will hear their prayer, and save them.
144:20. The Lord keeps all those who love Him; but all the wicked He will destroy.
144:21. My mouth shall speak the praise of the Lord: and let all flesh bless His holy name forever; yea, forever and ever.

Psalms Chapter 145 / Psalm 145 (146 G)

Lauda, anima.

We are not to trust in men, but in God alone.

145:1. Alleluia, of Aggeus and Zacharias.
145:2. Praise the Lord, O my soul, in my life I will praise the Lord: I will sing to my God as long as I shall be. Put not your trust in princes:
145:3. In the children of men, in whom there is no salvation.
145:4. His spirit shall go forth, and he shall return into his earth: in that day all their thoughts shall perish.
145:5. Blessed is he who has the God of Jacob for his helper, whose hope is in the Lord his God:
145:6. Who made heaven and earth, the sea, and all things that are in them.
145:7. Who keeps truth forever: who executeth judgment for them that suffer wrong: who giveth food to the hungry. The Lord looseth them that are fettered:
145:8. The Lord enlighteneth the blind. The Lord lifteth up them that are cast down: the Lord loveth the just.
145:9. The Lord keeps the strangers, he will support the fatherless and the widow: and the ways of sinners he will destroy.
145:10. The Lord shall reign forever: your God, O Zion, unto generation and generation.

Psalms Chapter 146 / Psalm 146 (147 A G)

Laudate Dominum.

An exhortation to praise God for his benefits.

146:1. Alleluia. Praise ye the Lord, because psalm is good: to our God be joyful and comely praise.
146:2. The Lord buildeth up Jerusalem: he will gather together the dispersed of Israel.
146:3. Who healeth the broken of heart, and bindeth up their bruises.
146:4. Who telleth the number of the stars: and calleth them all by their names.
146:5. Great is our Lord, and great is his power: and of his wisdom there is no number.
146:6. The Lord lifteth up the meek, and bringeth the wicked down even to the ground.
146:7. Sing ye to the Lord with praise: sing to our God upon the harp.
146:8. Who covereth the heaven with clouds, and prepareth rain for the earth. Who maketh grass to grow on the mountains, and herbs for the service of men.
146:9. Who giveth to beasts their food: and to the young ravens that call upon him.
146:10. He shall not delight in the strength of the horse: nor take pleasure in the legs of a man.
146:11. The Lord taketh pleasure in them that fear him: and in them that hope in his mercy.

Psalms Chapter 147 / Psalm 147 (147 B G)

Lauda, Jerusalem.

The church is called upon to praise God for his peculiar graces and favors to his people. In the Hebrew, this psalm is joined to the foregoing.

Alleluia.

147:12. Praise the Lord, O Jerusalem: praise your God, O Zion.
147:13. Because he has strengthened the bolts of your gates, he has blessed your children within you.
147:14. Who has placed peace in your borders: and filleth you with the fat of corn.
147:15. Who sendeth forth his speech to the earth: his word runneth swiftly.
147:16. Who giveth snow like wool: scattereth mists like ashes.
147:17. He sendeth his crystal like morsels: who shall stand before the face of his cold?

He sendeth his crystal. . .That is, his ice. Some understand it of hail, which is, as it were, ice, divided into particles or morsels.

147:18. He shall send out his word, and shall melt them: his wind shall blow, and the waters shall run.
147:19. Who declareth his word to Jacob: his justices and his judgments to Israel.
147:20. He has not done in like manner to every nation: and his judgments he has not made manifest to them. Alleluia.

Psalms Chapter 148 / Psalm 148

Laudate Dominum de caelis.

All creatures are invited to praise their Creator.

Alleluia.

148:1. Praise ye the Lord from the heavens: praise ye him in the high places.
148:2. Praise ye him, all his angels, praise ye him, all his hosts.
148:3. Praise ye him, O sun and moon: praise him, all ye stars and light.
148:4. Praise him, ye heavens of heavens: and let all the waters that are above the heavens
148:5. Praise the name of the Lord. For he spoke, and they were made: he commanded, and they were created.
148:6. He has established them forever, and for ages of ages: he has made a decree, and it shall not pass away.
148:7. Praise the Lord from the earth, ye dragons, and all ye deeps:
148:8. Fire, hail, snow, ice, stormy winds, which fulfil his word:
148:9. Mountains and all hills, fruitful trees and all cedars:
148:10. Beasts and all cattle: serpents and feathered fowls:
148:11. Kings of the earth and all people: princes and all judges of the earth:
148:12. Young men and maidens: let the old with the younger, praise the name of the Lord:
148:13. For his name alone is exalted.
148:14. The praise of him is above heaven and earth: and he has exalted the horn of his people. A hymn to all his saints to the children of Israel, a people approaching to him. Alleluia.

Psalms Chapter 149 / Psalm 149

Cantate Domino.

The church is particularly bound to praise God.

Alleluia.

149:1. Sing ye to the Lord a new canticle: let his praise be in the church of the saints.
149:2. Let Israel rejoice in him that made him: and let the children of Zion be joyful in their king.
149:3. Let them praise his name in choir: let them sing to him with the timbrel and the psaltery.
149:4. For the Lord is well pleased with his people: and he will exalt the meek unto salvation.
149:5. The saints shall rejoice in glory: they shall be joyful in their beds.
149:6. The high praises of God shall be in their mouth: and two-edged swords in their hands:
149:7. To execute vengeance upon the nations, chastisements among the people:
149:8. To bind their kings with fetters, and their nobles with manacles of iron.
149:9. To execute upon them the judgment that is written: this glory is to all his saints. Alleluia.

Psalms Chapter 150 / Psalm 150

Laudate Dominum in sanctis.

An exhortation to praise God with all sorts of instruments.

Alleluia.

150:1. Praise ye the Lord in his holy places: praise ye him in the firmament of his power.
150:2. Praise ye him for his mighty acts: praise ye him according to the multitude of his greatness.
150:3. Praise him with the sound of trumpet: praise him with psaltery and harp.
150:4. Praise him with timbrel and choir: praise him with strings and organs.
150:5. Praise him on high sounding cymbals: praise him on cymbals of joy: let every spirit praise the Lord. Alleluia.
See also: Psalms 1 - 75.

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