Although first sighted by an English navigator in 1592, the first
landing (English) did not occur until almost a century later in 1690,
and the first settlement (French) was not established until 1764. The
colony was turned over to Spain two years later and the islands have
since been the subject of a territorial dispute, first between Britain
and Spain, then between Britain and Argentina. The UK asserted its
claim to the islands by establishing a naval garrison there in 1833.
Argentina invaded the islands on 2 April 1982. The British responded
with an expeditionary force that landed seven weeks later and after
fierce fighting forced an Argentine surrender on 14 June 1982. English
is spoken there.