Guam was ceded to the US by Spain in 1898. Captured by the Japanese in
1941, it was retaken by the US three years later. The military
installation on the island is one of the most strategically important
US bases in the Pacific. English
is spoken by 38.3%, Chamorro by 22.2%, Philippine languages by 22.2%,
other Pacific island languages by 6.8%, and Asian languages by 7%.