Make a Payment,
Payment, Refund and Exchange Policies
How to Pray the
The Work of God's Children
Following World War I and
the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, the UK received a mandate to
govern much of the Middle East. Britain separated out a semi-autonomous
region of Transjordan from Palestine in the early 1920s, and the area
gained its independence in 1946; it adopted the name of Jordan in 1950.
The country's long-time ruler was King Hussein (1953-99). A pragmatic
leader, he successfully navigated competing pressures from the major
powers (US, USSR, and UK), various Arab states, Israel, and a large
internal Palestinian population, despite several wars and coup
attempts. In 1989 he reinstituted parliamentary elections and gradual
political liberalization; in 1994 he signed a peace treaty with Israel.
King Abdallah II, the son of King Hussein, assumed the throne following
his father's death in February 1999. Since then, he has consolidated
his power and undertaken an aggressive economic reform program. Jordan
acceded to the World Trade Organization in 2000, and began to
participate in the European Free Trade Association in 2001. After a
two-year delay, parliamentary and municipal elections took place in the
summer of 2003. Arabic is the official language.