The UK established a
protectorate over the Solomon Islands in the 1890s. Some of the
bitterest fighting of World War II occurred on this archipelago.
Self-government was achieved in 1976 and independence two years later.
In June 2003, then Prime Minister Sir Allen Kemakeza sought the
assistance of Australia in reestablishing law and order; the following
month, an Australian-led multinational force arrived to restore peace
and disarm ethnic militias.