French Togoland became
Togo in 1960. Gen. Gnassingbe Eyadema, installed as military ruler in
1967, ruled Togo with a heavy hand for almost four decades. Despite the
facade of multiparty elections instituted in the early 1990s, the
government was largely dominated by President Eyadema, whose Rally of
the Togolese People (RPT) party has maintained power almost continually
since 1967 and maintains a majority of seats in today's legislature.
Upon Eyadema's death in February 2005, the military installed the
president's son, Faure Gnassingbe, and then engineered his formal
election two months later. Democratic gains since then allowed Togo to
hold its first relatively free and fair legislative elections in
October 2007. French
the official language; Ewe, Mina, Kabye (sometimes spelled Kabiye)
and Dagomba are also spoken.